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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075036/double-trouble-a-case-of-periprocedural-detection-of-intracardiac-thrombus-and-aortic-root-dissection-during-emergent-transfemoral-tavr
#1
Carlos Corredor, Eric Horlick, Wendy Tsang, Massimiliano Meineri
We report a case of emergency transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in a 65-year-old patient presenting with decompensated severe aortic stenosis. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) was used effectively to obtain measurements of the aortic annulus and for intra-procedural guidance. At baseline, we detected a left atrial appendage thrombus and a localized aortic root dissection after balloon valvuloplasty. The case highlights the important role that TEE may play during TAVR procedures.
January 11, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070915/mitral-valve-resistance-determines-hemodynamic-consequences-of-severe-rheumatic-mitral-stenosis-and-immediate-outcomes-of-percutaneous-valvuloplasty
#2
Hamidreza Sanati, Reza Zolfaghari, Niloufar Samiei, Yousef Rezaei, Mitra Chitsazan, Ali Zahedmehr, Farshad Shakerian, Reza Kiani, Ata Firouzi, Reza Rezaei Tabrizi
INTRODUCTION: The mitral valve area (MVA) poorly reflects the hemodynamic status of (MS). In this study, we compared the MVA with mitral valve resistance (MVR) with regard to the determination of hemodynamic consequences of MS and the immediate outcomes of percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty (PBMV). METHODS: In a prospective study, 36 patients with severe rheumatic MS with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >50% were evaluated. They underwent transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and catheterization...
January 10, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044253/transvenous-inoue-balloon-aortic-valvuloplasty-with-intra-aortic-balloon-pump-in-treating-cardiogenic-shock-due-to-critical-calcific-aortic-stenosis
#3
Yoshihito Sakata
A 90-year-old female with severe peripheral vascular disease developed cardiogenic shock (CS) due to critical aortic stenosis (AS). The balloon aortic valvuloplasty was emergently performed via transvenous and transseptal antegrade approach (ante-BAV), which saved arterial accesses for intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) and enabled us to use the Inoue balloon. The IABP augmented systemic perfusions and controlled left heart filling pressures. Multiple times of inflations with stepwisely increased balloon diameters were performed under IABP support (ante-Inoue-BAV + IABP), resulting in remarkable improvements both in clinical and hemodynamic conditions...
January 2, 2017: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043471/relationship-of-normal-aortic-valve-cusp-dimensions-a-tool-to-optimize-cusp-reconstruction-valvuloplasty
#4
Sujata Subramanian, Vsevolod Tikhomirov, Saroja Bharati, Chawki ElZein, David Roberson, Michel N Ilbawi
Outcomes of surgical aortic valvuloplasty hinge primarily on optimal leaflet design. Imprecise valve reconstruction can result in insufficiency or stenosis. Predicting postrepair leaflet parameters from pre- or intraoperative readily measurable valve dimensions could result in improved reconstruction. This study analyzes the relationships between different parameters of the normal aortic valve to establish a method of deriving the optimal dimensions of the reconstructed leaflet following valvuloplasty. Morphologic analysis of the normal aortic valve was performed on 50 autopsy specimens...
July 2016: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029208/pulmonary-and-tricuspid-valvuloplasty-in-carcinoid-heart-disease
#5
Ashkan Karimi, Negiin Pourafshar, James C Fudge
A 26-year-old female with carcinoid heart disease consisting of severe pulmonary and tricuspid valve stenosis was admitted with line associated sepsis. She recovered from sepsis with antibiotics and aggressive fluid resuscitation but became grossly volume overloaded with evidence of tense ascites and lower extremity edema. She developed worsening renal and hepatic function due to congestive nephropathy and hepatopathy, which did not respond to intravenous diuretics, and she was deemed too sick for surgical pulmonary and tricuspid valve replacement...
December 28, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028747/non-occlusive-mesenteric-ischemia-accompanied-by-aortic-regurgitation-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#6
Kentaro Meguro, Junro Ishizaki, Tomoyoshi Yanagisawa, Toshimi Koitabashi, Tadashi Kitamura, Junya Ako
An 81-year-old male with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis with ventricular tachycardia was referred for treatment. Balloon aortic valvuloplasty was performed under cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Though transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) was considered high risk for annulus rupture and aortic regurgitation due to annular calcification, TAVI was performed because of extremely high surgical risk. Moderate-to-severe aortic regurgitation (AR) remained and progression of acidosis could not be managed with continuous hemodiafiltration...
December 27, 2016: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025751/influence-of-continuously-evolving-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-technology-on-cerebral-oxygenation
#7
Ward Eertmans, Cornelia Genbrugge, Tom Fret, Maud Beran, Kim Engelen, Herbert Gutermann, Margot Vander Laenen, Willem Boer, Bert Ferdinande, Frank Jans, Jo Dens, Cathy De Deyne
This study assessed the influence of the evolution in Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation technology on cerebral oxygenation. Cerebral oxygenation was measured continuously with Near-Infrared Spectroscopy and compared retrospectively between balloon-expandable, self-expandable and differential deployment valves which were implanted in 12 (34%), 17 (49%) and 6 patients (17%), respectively. Left and right SctO2 values were averaged at four time points and used for analysis (i.e. at baseline, balloon-aortic valvuloplasty, valve deployment, and at the end of the procedure)...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011105/a-guide-to-transseptal-access
#8
Enes E Gul, Adrian Baranchuk, Benedict M Glover
Transseptal access is commonly performed for any procedure that requires access to the left side of the heart such as catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation, left atrial tachycardia, left-sided accessory pathways, ventricular tachycardia, left atrial appendage closure, percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty, and mitral valve repair. To perform this in a safe and effective manner it is important that the operator has a detailed knowledge of the relevant anatomy, the technique required, and the ability to deal with difficult cases and complications...
October 21, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009956/new-onset-hemolytic-anemia-after-percutaneous-paravalvular-leak-closure
#9
Luís Almeida-Morais, António Fiarresga, Duarte Cacela, Lídia de Sousa, Ana Galrinho, Rui Rodrigues, Lurdes Ferreira, Rui Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Despite being usually clinically silent, paravalvular leak can present with congestive heart failure (CHF) or haemolytic anemia. Here, the case is reported of a paravalvular leak presenting with CHF, complicated by new-onset severe hemolytic anemia after percutaneous closure with a large ventricular septal duct (VSD) occlude device. METHODS: A 57-year-old patient presented with infectious endocarditis of a native mitral valve with major mitral regurgitation and was submitted for mitral valvuloplasty...
July 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008354/percutaneous-balloon-aortic-valvuloplasty-in-the-era-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-a-narrative-review
#10
Thomas R Keeble, Arif Khokhar, Mohammed Majid Akhtar, Anthony Mathur, Roshan Weerackody, Simon Kennon
The role of percutaneous balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) in the management of severe symptomatic aortic stenosis has come under the spotlight following the development of the transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) technique. Previous indications for BAV were limited to symptom palliation and as a bridge to definitive therapy for patients undergoing conventional surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR). In the TAVI era, BAV may also be undertaken to assess the 'therapeutic response' of a reduction in aortic gradient in borderline patients often with multiple comorbidities, to assess symptomatic improvement prior to consideration of definitive TAVI intervention...
2016: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007272/pulmonary-artery-dissection-a-case-treated-by-homograft-replacement
#11
Didier K Adodo, Martin Kloeckner, Eric Bergoend, Jean-Paul Couëtil
Pulmonary artery dissection was diagnosed in a 32-year-old man who was admitted to the emergency department with intense chest pain. He had a history of pulmonary balloon valvuloplasty for congenital pulmonary stenosis at the age of 7 and no pulmonary hypertension. The operation was performed with cardiopulmonary bypass. The dissected pulmonary arterial trunk was removed with the distorted valve, and replaced with a pulmonary artery homograft. The postoperative course was uneventful. Histologic examination revealed medionecrosis...
January 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993208/the-price-of-surgery-markup-of-operative-procedures-in-the-united-states
#12
Faiz Gani, Martin A Makary, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Despite cost containment efforts, the price for surgery is not subject to any regulations. We sought to characterize and compare variability in pricing for commonly performed major surgical procedures across the United States. METHODS: Medicare claims corresponding to eight major surgical procedures (aortic aneurysm repair, aortic valvuloplasty, carotid endartectomy, coronary artery bypass grafting, esophagectomy, pancreatectomy, liver resection, and colectomy) were identified using the Medicare Provider Utilization and Payment Data Physician and Other Supplier Public Use File for 2013...
February 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990197/transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-for-treatment-of-aortic-valve-stenosis-a-health-technology-assessment
#13
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) is the gold standard for treating aortic valve stenosis. It is a major operation that requires sternotomy and the use of a heart-lung bypass machine, but in appropriately selected patients with symptomatic, severe aortic valve stenosis, the benefits of SAVR usually outweigh the harms. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a less invasive procedure that allows an artificial valve to be implanted over the poorly functioning valve...
2016: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989086/triple-percutaneous-mitral-balloon-valvuloplasty-for-patients-with-recurrent-mitral-valve-stenosis-long-term-observations
#14
Paweł Tyczyński, Zbigniew Chmielak, Witold Rużyłło, Aneta Fronczak, Mariusz Kłopotowski, Piotr Szymański, Marek Konka, Adam Witkowski
BACKGROUND: A third percutaneous mitral balloon valvuloplasty (PMBV) may provide a means of treating symptomatic patients with re-restenosis after successful initial and second valvuloplasties, though data related to the long-term safety and efficacy of a third PMBV are lacking. The study aim was to determine the immediate and long-term clinical outcome in patients who underwent a third PMBV to treat recurrent mitral stenosis. METHODS: Among a total of 1,849 patients who underwent PMBV at the authors' institution, seven females (mean age 38...
January 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989066/an-unusual-case-of-persistent-severe-pulmonary-artery-hypertension-following-balloon-mitral-valvuloplasty
#15
Arun Gopalakrishnan, Krishna Kumar Mohanan Nair, S Harikrishnan, Ajitkumar Valaparambil
Persistent pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) after balloon mitral valvuloplasty (BMV) is not uncommon, and is generally associated with established pulmonary vascular disease, an inadequate result, or the development of mitral regurgitation. An unfavorable mitral valve morphology with a smaller post-procedural mitral valve area is among the most common causes of the condition. While routine cardiac catheterization is no longer recommended prior to intervention in valvular heart disease, patients with persistent PAH after BMV should undergo a thorough evaluation before they are considered for repeat BMV...
March 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976548/percutaneous-balloon-valvuloplasty-in-carcinoid-pulmonary-valve-stenosis
#16
Vibeke Guldbrand Rasmussen, Helle Lynge Kanstrup, Jens Erik Nielsen-Kudsk
More than half of patients with carcinoid syndrome develop carcinoid valve disease. Both the tricuspid and pulmonary valve are often involved. Symptoms of carcinoid syndrome with flushing, diarrhea, and bronchospasm often precedes cardiac symptoms. We report a case of carcinoid initially presenting with rapid development of right heart failure due to severe pulmonary valve stenosis. In untreated carcinoid, there is a risk of carcinoid crisis with anesthesia and surgery. In local anesthesia, we performed a sub-acute balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty...
December 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970300/tct-136-outcomes-of-hemodynamic-support-with-impella-in-very-high-risk-patients-undergoing-balloon-aortic-aortic-valvuloplasty-results-from-the-global-cvad-registry
#17
Pradeep Yadav, Vikas Singh, Marvin Eng, Francisco MacEdo, Guilherme Silva, Andrew Rassi, Rodrigo Mendirichaga, Carlos Alfonso, Mauricio Cohen, Igor Palacios, William O'Neill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970205/tct-81-clinical-and-hemodynamic-results-after-direct-transcatheter-aortic-valve%C3%A2-replacement-versus-pre-implantation-balloon-aortic-valvuloplasty-a%C3%A2-case-matched-analysis
#18
Luis Nombela Franco, Carlos Ferrera, Eulogio Garcia, Pilar Jimenez, Corina Biagioni, Nieves Gonzalo, Ivan Nuñez-Gil, Ana Viana, Pablo Salinas, Javier Escaned, Antonio Fernandez-Ortiz, Carlos Macaya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970003/tct-628-very-long-term-up-to-23-years-follow-up-after-successful-mitral-balloon-valvuloplasty-in-a-large-series-of-patients-with-rheumatic-mitral-stenosis
#19
Rafael Alexandre Meneguz-Moreno, Jose Costa, Nisia Lira Gomes, Auristela Ramos, Mercedes Maldonado, Alfredo Nunes Ferreira Neto, Zilda Meneghelo, Cesar Augusto Esteves, Sergio Braga, Alexandre Abizaid, Amanda Sousa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969801/tct-44-independent-mitral-valve-restenosis-predictors-after-percutaneous-mitral-balloon-valvuloplasty-in-a-large-consecutive-cohort-followed-for-more-than-two-decades
#20
Alfredo Nunes Ferreira Neto, Jose Costa, Nisia Lira Gomes, Auristela Ramos, Mercedes Maldonado, Rafael Alexandre Meneguz-Moreno, Dimytri Siqueira, Zilda Meneghelo, Cesar Augusto Esteves, Sergio Braga, Amanda Sousa, Alexandre Abizaid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
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