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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531229/protein-kinase-c-theta-is-dispensable-for-suppression-mediated-by-cd25-cd4-regulatory-t-cells
#1
Kerstin Siegmund, Nikolaus Thuille, Katarzyna Wachowicz, Natascha Hermann-Kleiter, Gottfried Baier
The activation of conventional T cells upon T cell receptor stimulation critically depends on protein kinase C theta (PKCθ). However, its role in regulatory T (Treg) cell function has yet to be fully elucidated. Using siRNA or the potent and PKC family-selective pharmacological inhibitor AEB071, we could show that murine Treg-mediated suppression in vitro is independent of PKCθ function. Likewise, Treg cells of PKCθ-deficient mice were fully functional, showing a similar suppressive activity as wild-type CD25+CD4+ T cells in an in vitro suppression assay...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529575/japanese-kampo-medicine-ninjin-yoeito-synergistically-enhances-tumor-vaccine-effects-mediated-by-cd8-t-cells
#2
Shun Takaku, Masumi Shimizu, Hidemi Takahashi
Although Japanese traditional herbal medicine (Kampo) has been widely applied to the treatment of various diseases, including cancer, their mechanisms of action have not yet been elucidated in detail, particularly regarding their role in tumor immunology. The present study investigated the antitumor effects of the Japanese Kampo medicine, ninjin'yoeito (NYT; Ren-Shen-Yang-Rong-Tang in Chinese), which was orally administered with or without an irradiated tumor cell vaccine to a subcutaneous CT26 colon carcinoma tumor model...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529568/a-different-representation-of-natural-t-cells-and-natural-killer-cells-between-tumor-infiltrating-and-periphery-lymphocytes-in-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#3
Xiao-Feng Li, Dong Dai, Xiu-Yu Song, Jian-Jing Liu, Lei Zhu, Xiang Zhu, Wenchao Ma, Wengui Xu
Natural T cells [cluster of differentiation (CD) 3(+)CD56(+)] and natural killer (NK) cells (CD3(-)CD56(+)) are particularly abundant in the human liver and serve an important role in immune responses in the liver. The aim of the present study was to extensively determine the phenotypic and functional characteristics of natural T and NK cells in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Tumorous and non-tumorous tissue infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs and NILs, respectively) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were obtained to determine the frequency and phenotype of natural T/NK cells by a multicolor fluorescence activated cell sorting analysis...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527162/evaluation-of-the-association-between-cd4-cd8-and-cd25-cell-counts-and-sle-in-active-disease-and-in-remission
#4
Archana Sonawale, Vinay Bohara, L S Bichile
AIM: To evaluate the correlation between the levels of CD4, CD8 and CD25 cells and SLE disease in active phase and in remission. METHODS: A total of 25 SLE patients, aged between 18-60 years, and fulfilling the ACR criteria with preferential Renal and CNS involvement were included in this study. Baseline CD4/CD8 and CD25 counts, lab parameters etc were conducted. Approximately at the end of 6 months with the settlement of the disease activity blood sample was drawn for the CD4, CD8 and CD25 counts and other lab parameters...
April 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522286/increased-proportions-of-functionally-impaired-regulatory-t-cell-subsets-in-systemic-sclerosis
#5
Emese Ugor, Diána Simon, Giovanni Almanzar, Ramóna Pap, József Najbauer, Péter Németh, Péter Balogh, Martina Prelog, László Czirják, Tímea Berki
Treg abnormalities have been implicated in the pathogenesis of systemic sclerosis (SSc). Treg subpopulations and their cytokines, IL-10 and TGF-β in the peripheral blood of early stage SSc patients were investigated. We hypothesized that epigenetically regulated methylation of the FOXP3 promoter and enhancer regions are altered in Tregs of SSc patients, which might be involved in the T cell imbalance. CD4+CD25+Foxp3+CD127- Treg cells were significantly elevated in patients with diffuse cutaneous SSc and in patients with anti-Scl-70/RNA-Pol-III autoantibody positivity and with lung fibrosis...
May 15, 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521478/enhancement-of-antitumor-immunity-by-combination-of-anti-ctla-4-antibody-and-radioimmunotherapy-through-the-suppression-of-tregs
#6
Cheol-Hun Son, Jaeho Bae, Hong-Rae Lee, Kwangmo Yang, You-Soo Park
Cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) is expressed during cluster of differentiation (CD)4+ T-cell activation and terminates immune responses by interrupting CD28-enhanced activation. In addition, CTLA-4 is known to be constitutively expressed in regulatory T-cells (Tregs) and to contribute to immune suppression by enhancing the suppressive function of Tregs. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying CTLA-4-mediated Treg suppression remains incompletely understood. Furthermore, it is uncertain whether the in vivo immune suppressive functions of CTLA-4 are mediated only by a reduction in the level of conventional T-cell activity, or enhancement of Treg function...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521278/scaffold-protein-jlp-mediates-tcr-initiated-cd4-t-cell-activation-and-cd154-expression
#7
Qi Yan, Cheng Yang, Qiang Fu, Zhaowei Chen, Shan Liu, Dou Fu, Rahmat N Rahman, Ryota Nakazato, Katsuji Yoshioka, Sam K P Kung, Guohua Ding, Huiming Wang
CD4(+) T-cell activation and its subsequent induction of CD154 (CD40 ligand, CD40L) expression are pivotal in shaping both the humoral and cellular immune responses. Scaffold protein JLP regulates signal transduction pathways and molecular trafficking inside cells, thus represents a critical component in maintaining cellular functions. Its role in regulating CD4(+) T-cell activation and CD154 expression, however, is unclear. Here, we demonstrated expression of JLP in mouse tissues of lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, and also CD4(+) T cells...
May 15, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511943/relationship-between-soluble-cd25-and-gene-expression-in-healthy-individuals-and-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#8
Sophie Buhelt, Rikke Lenhard Ratzer, Jeppe Romme Christensen, Lars Börnsen, Finn Sellebjerg, Helle Bach Søndergaard
Genome wide association studies and fine mapping has established a firm link between the IL2RA gene, encoding the interleukin-2 receptor α-chain CD25, and susceptibility to multiple sclerosis (MS). We hypothesized that gene expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from healthy controls (HCs) and MS patients are associated with IL2RA SNP rs2104286 and that gene expression levels correlate with soluble CD25 (sCD25) concentrations - that are affected by rs2104286. We used the Affymetrix Human Gene ST 1...
May 13, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511719/interleukin-10-producing-lag3-regulatory-t-cells-are-associated-with-disease-activity-and-abatacept-treatment-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#9
Shinichiro Nakachi, Shuji Sumitomo, Yumi Tsuchida, Haruka Tsuchiya, Masanori Kono, Rika Kato, Keiichi Sakurai, Norio Hanata, Yasuo Nagafuchi, Shoko Tateishi, Hiroko Kanda, Tomohisa Okamura, Kazuhiko Yamamoto, Keishi Fujio
BACKGROUND: Regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a role in the suppression of inflammation in autoimmune diseases, and lymphocyte activation gene 3 (LAG3) was reported as a marker of interleukin (IL)-10-producing Tregs. We aimed to clarify the function of human IL-10-producing CD4(+)CD25(-)LAG3(+) T cells (LAG3(+) Tregs) and their association with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: LAG3(+) Tregs of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were cultured with B cells and follicular helper T cells to examine antibody suppression effects...
May 16, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506920/regulatory-b-cells-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-alterations-in-patients-receiving-anti-tnf-therapy
#10
Zsuzsanna Bankó, Judit Pozsgay, Tamás Gáti, Bernadette Rojkovich, Ilona Ujfalussy, Gabriella Sármay
Cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) are involved in Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) pathogenesis by augmenting autoimmunity, sustaining long term inflammation in the synovium, and promoting joint damage. Anti-TNF therapy is one of the most efficient and widely used therapies for RA, although its mechanism is not clarified yet. Earlier we demonstrated that RA patients have a reduced number of IL-10 producing regulatory B cells (B10 cells) as compared to healthy individuals and they are functionally impaired...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506355/-effects-of-adipose-derived-stem-cells-and-non-methylated-cpg-oligodeoxynucleotides-on-peripheral-blood-cd4-cd25-regulatory-t-cells-in-young-mice-with-food-allergy
#11
Xu-Lin Chen, Cheng-Zhong Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSC) and non-methylated CpG-oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG-ODN) on the expression of peripheral blood CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells in young mice with food allergy, as well as their immune intervention effects. METHODS: A total of 40 female BALB/c mice were randomly divided into control group, allergic group, ADSC treatment group, and CpG-ODN treatment group, with 10 mice in each group. A mouse model of food allergy was established by intraperitoneal injection and intragastric administration of ovalbumin (OVA) for sensitization and challenge...
May 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506261/a-possible-role-of-low-regulatory-t-cells-in-anti-acetylcholine-receptor-antibody-positive-myasthenia-gravis-after-bone-marrow-transplantation
#12
Masahiko Fukatsu, Takenobu Murakami, Hiroshi Ohkawara, Shunichi Saito, Kazuhiko Ikeda, Suguru Kadowaki, Itaru Sasaki, Mari Segawa, Tomoko Soeda, Akihiko Hoshi, Hiroshi Takahashi, Akiko Shichishima-Nakamura, Kazuei Ogawa, Yoshihiro Sugiura, Hitoshi Ohto, Yasuchika Takeishi, Takayuki Ikezoe, Yoshikazu Ugawa
BACKGROUND: Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) appears several months following allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and is clinically analogous to autoimmune disorder. Polymyositis is a common neuromuscular disorder in chronic GVHD, but myasthenia gravis (MG) is extremely rare. Hence, its pathophysiology and treatment have not been elucidated. CASE PRESENTATION: A 63-year-old man with a history of chronic GVHD presented with ptosis, dropped head, and dyspnea on exertion, which had worsened over the previous several months...
May 15, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505514/tlr4-supports-the-expansion-of-fasl-cd5-cd1d-hi-regulatory-b-cells-which-decreases-in-contact-hypersensitivity
#13
Keng Wang, Lei Tao, Jianbing Su, Yueyang Zhang, Binhua Zou, Yiyuan Wang, Min Zou, Nana Chen, Linsheng Lei, Xiaojuan Li
Certain B cells termed as "regulatory B cells" (Bregs) can suppress the ongoing immune responses and a splenic CD5(+)CD1d(hi) Breg subset identified earlier was shown to exert its regulatory functions through secretion of IL-10. Though FasL expression is an alternative mechanism of immune suppression used by B cells, little is known about the FasL expressing CD5(+)CD1d(hi) Bregs. In this study, we isolated splenocytes or splenic CD19(+) B cells and compared the efficiency of toll-like receptor(TLR)4 ligand (lipopolysaccharide) with TLR9 ligand (CpG), anti-CD40 and TLR9 ligand (CpG) plus anti-CD40 on the FasL expression of splenic CD5(+)CD1d(hi) Bregs by flow cytometry...
May 12, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504276/targeted-calcium-influx-boosts-cytotoxic-t-lymphocyte-function-in-the-tumour-microenvironment
#14
Kyun-Do Kim, Seyeon Bae, Tara Capece, Hristina Nedelkovska, Rafael G de Rubio, Alan V Smrcka, Chang-Duk Jun, Woojin Jung, Byeonghak Park, Tae-Il Kim, Minsoo Kim
Adoptive cell transfer utilizing tumour-targeting cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) is one of the most effective immunotherapies against haematological malignancies, but significant clinical success has not yet been achieved in solid tumours due in part to the strong immunosuppressive tumour microenvironment. Here, we show that suppression of CTL killing by CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cell (Treg) is in part mediated by TGFβ-induced inhibition of inositol trisphosphate (IP3) production, leading to a decrease in T cell receptor (TCR)-dependent intracellular Ca(2+) response...
May 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502136/cd4-cd25-cd127low-regulatory-t-cells-as-indicator-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-disease-activity
#15
Sahar S Khattab, Amany M El-Saied, Rehab A Mohammed, Eman E Mohamed
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by disturbed immune regulation, inducing a progressive cartilage and bone destruction. Despite enrichment of T regulatory cell (T-regs) in synovial fluid, conflicting results are reported concerning T-regs in peripheral blood (PB) of RA patients. To determine possible correlation between the frequency of PB CD4+ CD25+CD127low (T-regs) with RA disease activity. Forty females with RA, classified according to the Disease Activity Score 28 (DAS-28), as highly active, mild-moderate or low disease activity; and 20 age and sex matched healthy controls, were enrolled to study CD4+ CD25+ CD127low T- regs in PB by flow cytometry...
June 2016: Egyptian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501913/chronic-myeloid-leukemia-immunobiology-and-novel-immunotherapeutic-approaches
#16
Emilie Cayssials, Francois Guilhot
Imatinib has revolutionized the treatment and prognosis of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with survival rates now approaching those of the age-matched healthy population. To be able to discontinue tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment, it is necessary to develop complementary therapies to target minimal residual disease. Recent findings by a number of investigators in both CML mouse models and CML patients offer evidence that many factors in the leukemic microenvironment can collectively contribute to immune escape, including expansion of myeloid-derived suppressor cells, programmed death-1/programmed death-1 ligand interactions resulting in T-cell impairment, expression of soluble suppressive factors such as soluble CD25, and down-regulation of MHC molecules by CML cells...
May 13, 2017: BioDrugs: Clinical Immunotherapeutics, Biopharmaceuticals and Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501127/c-c-motif-chemokine-22-ligand-ccl22-concentrations-in-sera-of-gastric-cancer-patients-are-related-to-peritoneal-metastasis-and-predict-recurrence-within-one-year-after-radical-gastrectomy
#17
Yuzhe Wei, Tie Wang, Hongjiang Song, Lining Tian, Gongwei Lyu, Lei Zhao, Yingwei Xue
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is a common cancer with a poor prognosis. Chemokines play important roles in the tumor microenvironments to support tumor growth and metastasis. The effects of C-C motif chemokine ligand 22 (CCL22) in gastric cancer remain unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 1, 2014 and April 31, 2014, a total of 298 gastric cancer patients were recruited to this study. Circulating concentrations of CCL22 were measured in gastric cancer patients before surgery, at discharged and during follow-up visits...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500380/association-of-t-lymphocyte-immune-imbalance-and-il-10-gene-polymorphism-with-the-risk-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children-with-obesity
#18
Miao-Shang Su, Li Xu, Kang Xu, Ji-Shan Zheng
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine the role of T lymphocyte immune imbalance and interleukin (IL)-10 gene polymorphism in the development of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in obese children. METHODS: One hundred obese children at high-risk and low-risk for OSA based upon a sleep questionnaire were selected. Peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets were measured by flow cytometry, and plasma IFN-γ, IL-4, and IL-10 cytokines were detected by ELISA. The relationships between OSA and the above variables were analyzed...
May 12, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497796/potent-antitumour-activity-of-interleukin-2-fc-fusion-proteins-requires-fc-mediated-depletion-of-regulatory-t-cells
#19
Rodrigo Vazquez-Lombardi, Claudia Loetsch, Daniela Zinkl, Jennifer Jackson, Peter Schofield, Elissa K Deenick, Cecile King, Tri Giang Phan, Kylie E Webster, Jonathan Sprent, Daniel Christ
Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is an established therapeutic agent used for cancer immunotherapy. Since treatment efficacy is mediated by CD8(+) and NK cell activity at the tumour site, considerable efforts have focused on generating variants that expand these subsets systemically, as exemplified by IL-2/antibody complexes and 'superkines'. Here we describe a novel determinant of antitumour activity using fusion proteins consisting of IL-2 and the antibody fragment crystallizable (Fc) region. Generation of long-lived IL-2-Fc variants in which CD25 binding is abolished through mutation effectively prevents unwanted activation of CD25(+) regulatory T-cells (Tregs) and results in strong expansion of CD25(-) cytotoxic subsets...
May 12, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496107/cd163-cd204-tumor-associated-macrophages-contribute-to-t-cell-regulation-via-interleukin-10-and-pd-l1-production-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#20
Keigo Kubota, Masafumi Moriyama, Sachiko Furukawa, Haque A S M Rafiul, Yasuyuki Maruse, Teppei Jinno, Akihiko Tanaka, Miho Ohta, Noriko Ishiguro, Masaaki Yamauchi, Mizuki Sakamoto, Takashi Maehara, Jun-Nosuke Hayashida, Shintaro Kawano, Tamotsu Kiyoshima, Seiji Nakamura
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) promote cancer cell proliferation, invasion, and metastasis by producing various mediators. Although preclinical studies demonstrated that TAMs preferentially express CD163 and CD204, the TAM subsets in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) remain unknown. In this study, we examined the expression and role of TAM subsets in OSCC. Forty-six patients with OSCC were analyzed for expression of TAMs in biopsy samples by immunohistochemistry. We examined TAM subsets and their production of immune suppressive molecules (IL-10 and PD-L1) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from three OSCC patients by flow cytometry...
May 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
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