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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981594/neuron-targeted-caveolin-1-promotes-ultrastructural-and-functional-hippocampal-synaptic-plasticity
#1
Junji Egawa, Alice Zemljic-Harpf, Chitra D Mandyam, Ingrid R Niesman, Larisa V Lysenko, Alexander M Kleschevnikov, David M Roth, Hemal H Patel, Piyush M Patel, Brian P Head
A delicate interneuronal communication between pre- and postsynaptic membranes is critical for synaptic plasticity and the formation of memory. Evidence shows that membrane/lipid rafts (MLRs), plasma membrane microdomains enriched in cholesterol and sphingolipids, organize presynaptic proteins and postsynaptic receptors necessary for synaptic formation and signaling. MLRs establish a cell polarity that facilitates transduction of extracellular cues to the intracellular environment. Here we show that neuron-targeted overexpression of an MLR protein, caveolin-1 (SynCav1), in the adult mouse hippocampus increased the number of presynaptic vesicles per bouton, total excitatory type I glutamatergic synapses, number of same-dendrite multiple-synapse boutons, increased myelination, increased long-term potentiation, and increased MLR-localized N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor subunits (GluN1, GluN2A, and GluN2B)...
July 31, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971605/17%C3%AE-estradiol-reduces-cav-1-2-channel-abundance-and-attenuates-ca-2-dependent-contractions-in-coronary-arteries
#2
Brent J F Hill, Robin J Dalton, Biny K Joseph, Keshari M Thakali, Nancy J Rusch
One mechanism by which the female sex may protect against elevated coronary vascular tone is inhibition of Ca(2+) entry into arterial smooth muscle cells (ASMCs). In vitro findings confirm that high estrogen concentrations directly inhibit voltage-dependent Cav 1.2 channels in coronary ASMCs. For this study, we hypothesized that the nonacute, in vitro exposure of coronary arteries to a low concentration of 17β-estradiol (17βE) reduces the expression of Cav 1.2 channel proteins in coronary ASMCs. Segments of the right coronary artery obtained from sexually mature female pigs were mounted for isometric tension recording...
October 2017: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964603/bisphenol-a-induces-proliferative-effects-on-both-breast-cancer-cells-and-vascular-endothelial-cells-through-a-shared-gper-dependent-pathway-in-hypoxia
#3
Fangyi Xu, Xiaoning Wang, Nannan Wu, Shuiqing He, Weijie Yi, Siyun Xiang, Piwei Zhang, Xiao Xie, Chenjiang Ying
Based on the breast cancer cells and the vascular endothelial cells are both estrogen-sensitive, we proposed a close reciprocity existed between them in the tumor microenvironment, via shared molecular mechanism affected by environmental endocrine disruptors (EDCs). In this study, bisphenol A (BPA), via triggering G-protein estrogen receptor (GPER), stimulated cell proliferation and migration of bovine vascular endothelial cells (BVECs) and breast cancer cells (SkBr-3 and MDA-MB-231) and enhanced tumor growth in vivo...
September 27, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956212/sensing-of-micropillars-by-osteoblasts-involves-complex-intracellular-signaling
#4
Caroline Moerke, Petra Mueller, J Barbara Nebe
Topographical material surface features are sensed by cells and provoke a large range of cellular responses. We recognized earlier, that at micropillar topographies in the range of 5 µm, the osteoblasts attempt to phagocytize the pillars resulted in increased energy requirements and reduced osteoblast marker expression, e.g., collagen type I and osteocalcin. However, the precise cellular signaling transducing the topographic information into the cell and evoking phagocytic processes remained unknown. Here, we could show that the RhoA/ROCK signaling is involved in the transduction of the topography-mediated cellular reactions...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944844/h2o2-induces-caveolin%C3%A2-1-degradation-and-impaired-mitochondrial-function-in-e11-podocytes
#5
Ya-Hui Chen, Wei-Wen Lin, Chin-San Liu, Shih-Li Su
Increased intercellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels are the major cause of podocyte injury with proteinuria. Caveolin‑1 (CAV‑1) is an essential protein component of caveolae. CAV‑1 participates in signal transduction and endocytic trafficking. Recent research has indicated that CAV‑1 regulates oxidative stress‑induced pathways. The present study used hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) at nontoxic concentrations to elevate the level of ROS in E11 podocytes. Treatment with 500 and 1,000 µM H2O2 for 1 h significantly reduced CAV‑1 expression levels...
November 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944626/caveolin-1-secreted-from-adipose-tissues-and-adipocytes-functions-as-an-adipogenesis-enhancer
#6
Chia-Chu Chang, Chen-Yu Chen, Hui-Chin Wen, Chih-Yang Huang, Ming-Shiu Hung, Hsi-Chi Lu, Woan-Ling Chen, Chung-Ho Chang
OBJECTIVE: Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) is expressed abundantly in adipose tissue and involved in many physiological processes. While Cav-1 has been reported to be secreted in pancreatic acinar cells and LNCaP prostate cancer cells, its secretion from adipose tissue awaits investigation. METHODS: Cav-1 secretion from 3T3-L1 adipocytes and fat tissues from normal chow diet- and high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice was measured. Functions and uptake of secreted Cav-1 proteins were assessed by adding Cav-1 back to preadipocytes and LNCaP cells...
September 25, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932540/dynamic-expression-of-transformating-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-and-caveolin-1-in-the-lung-of-bleomycin-induced-interstitial-lung-disease
#7
Yida Xing, Li Wang, Hongjiang Wang, Xiaodan Kong, Libin Zhan
BACKGROUND: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a disease with high mortality worldwide. Unfortunately, its prognosis is still very poor. Therefore, developing the target molecular is very important for ILD diagnosis and treatment. Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) can regulate the formation of fibrosis by linking to the signaling pathway of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), which is generally considered to be the most effective approach to solve the problem of ILD. METHODS: The rat model of ILD was induced by disposable transtracheal injection of bleomycin hydrochloride...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926107/fenofibrate-reverses-changes-induced-by-high-fat-diet-on-metabolism-in-mice-muscle-and-visceral-adipocytes
#8
Flávia de Toledo Frias, Karina Cunha E Rocha, Mariana de Mendonça, Gilson Massahiro Murata, Hygor Nunes Araujo, Luís Gustavo Oliveira de Sousa, Érica de Souza, Sandro Massao Hirabara, Nayara de Carvalho Leite, Everardo Magalhães Carneiro, Rui Curi, Leonardo Reis Silveira, Alice Cristina Rodrigues
The effect of fenofibrate on the metabolism of skeletal muscle and visceral white adipose tissue of diet-induced obese (DIO) mice was investigated. C57BL/6J male mice were fed either a control or high-fat diet for eight weeks. Fenofibrate (50 mg/Kg b.w., daily) was administered by oral gavage during the last two weeks of the experimental period. Insulin-stimulated glucose metabolism in soleus muscles, glucose tolerance test, insulin tolerance test, indirect calorimetry, lipolysis of visceral white adipose tissue, expression of miR-103-3p in adipose tissue and miR-1a, miR-133a/b, miR-206, let7b-5p, miR-23b-3p, miR-29-3p, miR-143-3p in soleus muscle, genes related to glucose and fatty acid metabolism in adipose tissue and soleus muscle, and proteins (phospho-AMPKα2, Pgc1α, Cpt1b), intramuscular lipid staining, and activities of fatty acid oxidation enzymes in skeletal muscle were investigated...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923916/critical-role-of-caveolin-1-in-ocular-neovascularization-and-multitargeted-antiangiogenic-effects-of-cavtratin-via-jnk
#9
Yida Jiang, Xianchai Lin, Zhongshu Tang, Chunsik Lee, Geng Tian, Yuxiang Du, Xiangke Yin, Xiangrong Ren, Lijuan Huang, Zhimin Ye, Wei Chen, Fan Zhang, Jia Mi, Zhiqin Gao, Shasha Wang, Qishan Chen, Liying Xing, Bin Wang, Yihai Cao, William C Sessa, Rong Ju, Yizhi Liu, Xuri Li
Ocular neovascularization is a devastating pathology of numerous ocular diseases and is a major cause of blindness. Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) plays important roles in the vascular system. However, little is known regarding its function and mechanisms in ocular neovascularization. Here, using comprehensive model systems and a cell permeable peptide of Cav-1, cavtratin, we show that Cav-1 is a critical player in ocular neovascularization. The genetic deletion of Cav-1 exacerbated and cavtratin administration inhibited choroidal and retinal neovascularization...
September 18, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923854/caveolae-mediated-endocytosis-is-critical-for-albumin-cellular-uptake-and-response-to-albumin-bound-chemotherapy
#10
Moumita Chatterjee, Edgar Ben-Josef, Ryan Robb, Marall Vedaie, Star Seum, Krishnan Thirumoorthy, Kamalakannan Palanichamy, Matthew Harbrecht, Arnab Chakravarti, Terence M Williams
Nab-paclitaxel, a nanoparticle conjugate of paclitaxel to human albumin, exhibits efficacy in pancreatic cancer, non-small cell lung cancer and breast cancer. However, there is a lack of predictive biomarkers to identify patients who might benefit most from its administration. This study addresses this gap in knowledge by identifying that caveolin-1 (Cav-1) is a candidate mechanism-based biomarker. Caveolae are small membrane invaginations important for trans-endothelial albumin uptake. Cav-1, the principal structural component of caveolae, is overexpressed in the cancers noted above which respond to nab-paclitaxel...
September 18, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923309/altered-penile-caveolin-expression-in-diabetes-potential-role-in-erectile-dysfunction
#11
Jay Parikh, Alice Zemljic-Harpf, Johnny Fu, Dimosthenis Giamouridis, Tung-Chin Hsieh, Adam Kassan, Karnam S Murthy, Valmik Bhargava, Hemal H Patel, M Raj Rajasekaran
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of increased severity of erectile dysfunction in men with diabetes and their poor response to oral pharmacotherapy are unclear. Defective vascular endothelium and consequent impairment in the formation and action of nitric oxide (NO) are implicated as potential mechanisms. Endothelial NO synthase, critical for NO generation, is localized to caveolae, plasma membrane lipid rafts enriched in structural proteins, and caveolins. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)-induced changes in caveolin expression are recognized to play a role in cardiovascular dysfunction...
October 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914464/expression-of-caveolin-1-in-the-interfollicular-but-not-the-follicle-associated-epithelial-cells-in-the-bursa-of-fabricius-of-chickens
#12
Ildikó Bódi, Krisztina Minkó, Orsolya Fölker, Zsófia Benyeda, Balázs Felföldi, Attila Magyar, Anna Kiss, Vilmos Palya, Imre Oláh
The surface epithelium of the bursa of Fabricius consists of interfollicular (IFE) and follicle-associated epithelium (FAE). The IFE comprises (i) cylindrical-shaped secretory cells (SC) and (ii) cuboidal basal cells (BCs). The FAE provides histological and two-way functional connections between the bursal lumen and medulla of the follicle. We used a carbon solution and anti-caveolin-1 (Cav-1) to study the endocytic activity of FAE. Carbon particles entered the intercellular space of FAE, but the carbon particles were not internalized by the FAE cells...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899725/nitric-oxide-donor-ru-terpy-bdq-no-3-induces-uncoupling-and-phosphorylation-of-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-promoting-oxidant-production
#13
Simone R Potje, Zhenlong Chen, Suellen D'Arc S Oliveira, Lusiane M Bendhack, Roberto S da Silva, Marcelo G Bonini, Cristina Antoniali, Richard D Minshall
[Ru(terpy)(bdq)NO](3+) (TERPY) is a nitric oxide (NO) donor that promotes relaxation of the mesenteric artery and aorta in rats. We sought to investigate whether it acts as both an NO donor and endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) activator, as shown previously for nitroglycerin. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and human embryonic kidney 293 cells transfected with empty vector (HEK) or eNOS cDNA (HEK-eNOS) were treated with TERPY (1µM) for different lengths of time. eNOS expression, dimerization, and Ser(1177) phosphorylation, caveolin-1 (Cav-1) oligomerization, Cav-1 Tyr(14) phosphorylation were evaluated by Western blotting...
November 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865960/cavin-2-is-a-specific-marker-for-detection-of-well-differentiated-liposarcoma
#14
Silvia Codenotti, Marika Vezzoli, Pietro Luigi Poliani, Manuela Cominelli, Eugenio Monti, Alessandro Fanzani
Caveolae are cholesterol enriched invaginations of the plasma membrane involved in a variety of processes, including glucose and fatty acids absorption, cell transduction and mechanoprotection. The biogenesis and function of caveolae depend on the activity of Caveolin (Cav-1, -2 and -3) and Cavin (Cavin-1, -2, -3 and -4) protein families. Since the membrane Cavin-2 protein was reported to play a key role in caveolae formation of adipocytes, in this work we have used a multidisciplinary approach to investigate its expression in liposarcoma (LPS), an adipocytic soft tissue sarcoma affecting adults...
November 4, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864350/immunohistochemical-analysis-of-nkx2-2-etv4-and-bcor-in-a-large-series-of-genetically-confirmed-ewing-sarcoma-family-of-tumors
#15
Isidro Machado, Akihiko Yoshida, José Antonio López-Guerrero, María Gema Nieto, Samuel Navarro, Piero Picci, Antonio Llombart-Bosch
Ewing sarcoma is an aggressive neoplasm of pediatric and adolescent patients. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) can be used to support the morphologic diagnosis of Ewing sarcoma family of tumors (ESFT) in a convincing clinical/radiological context. Although neither NKX2.2 nor CD99 alone are entirely specific, when combined, the diagnostic specificity is high. The aim of the present study was to investigate the IHC expression of NKX2.2, ETV4 and BCOR in a large series of genetically confirmed ESFT. The results for CD99 and CAV-1 immunoreactivity, and the histological and fusion gene subtypes were retrieved from our previous study...
August 25, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857238/the-diversity-in-the-expression-profile-of-caveolin-ii-transcripts-considering-its-new-transcript-in-breast-cancer
#16
Ariana Mehdi, Nasibeh Arabi, Majid Pornour, Hajar Vaseghi, Shahla Mohammad Ganji, Mohammad Reza Alivand, Maryam Salari, Mohammad Esmaeil Akbari
Most studies have revealed the effects of caveolins in cancer inhibition. However, due to a lack of reports about their new transcripts, their presence and their effects on different cancers are unclear. This study was conducted to evaluate the cavolin-2(cav-2) transcripts expression changes in tumoral and corresponding tissues and in contralateral breast, to investigate their variation associated with the variation of caveolin-1 (cav-1) expression in breast cancer. There were 40 breast-derived tumoral, corresponding and contralateral tissues obtained from the patients with breast cancer...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828003/prognostic-value-of-metastatic-tumoral-caveolin-1-expression-in-patients-with-resected-gastric-cancer
#17
Der Sheng Sun, Soon Auck Hong, Hye Sung Won, Su Hyun Yoo, Han Hong Lee, Okran Kim, Yoon Ho Ko
OBJECTIVE: Caveolin-1 (Cav-1), as the main component of caveolae, has complex roles in tumourigenesis in human malignancies. We investigated Cav-1 in primary and metastatic tumor cells of gastric cancer (GC) and its association with clinical outcomes. METHODS: We retrieved 145 cases of GC who had undergone curative gastrectomy. The expression levels of Cav-1 was evaluated by immunohistochemistry, and its association with clinicopathological parameters and patient survival was analyzed...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815997/bioequivalence-and-safety-of-twice-daily-sustained-release-paracetamol-acetaminophen-compared-with-3-and-4-times-daily-paracetamol-a-repeat-dose-crossover-pharmacokinetic-study-in-healthy-volunteers
#18
Dongzhou J Liu, Agron Collaku
Twice-daily sustained-release (SR) paracetamol (acetaminophen) offers convenient administration to chronic users. This study investigated at steady state (during the last 24 hours of a 3-day dosing period) the pharmacokinetics, bioequivalence, and safety of twice-daily SR paracetamol compared with extended-release (ER) and immediate-release (IR) paracetamol. In this open-label, randomized, multidose, 3-way crossover study, 28 healthy subjects received paracetamol SR (2 × 1000 mg twice daily), ER (2 × 665 mg 3 times daily), and IR (2 × 500 mg 4 times daily)...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology in Drug Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749327/novel-adenoviruses-detected-in-british-mustelids-including-a-unique-aviadenovirus-in-the-tissues-of-pine-martens-martes-martes
#19
David Walker, William F Gregory, Dylan Turnbull, Mara Rocchi, Anna L Meredith, Adrian W Philbey, Colin P Sharp
Several adenoviruses are known to cause severe disease in veterinary species. Recent evidence suggests that canine adenovirus type 1 (CAV-1) persists in the tissues of healthy red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), which may be a source of infection for susceptible species. It was hypothesized that mustelids native to the UK, including pine martens (Martes martes) and Eurasian otters (Lutra lutra), may also be persistently infected with adenoviruses. Based on high-throughput sequencing and additional Sanger sequencing, a novel Aviadenovirus, tentatively named marten adenovirus type 1 (MAdV-1), was detected in pine marten tissues...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729092/annexin-a2-modulated-proliferation-of-pulmonary-arterial-smooth-muscle-cells-depends-on-caveolae-and-caveolin-1-in-hepatopulmonary-syndrome
#20
Lin Liao, Binwu Zheng, Bin Yi, Chang Liu, Lin Chen, Ziyang Zeng, Jing Gao
We have established that annexin A2 (ANXA2) is an important factor in the experimental hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) serum-induced proliferation of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). However, the detailed mechanism remains unclear. ANXA2 translocated to the caveolin-enriched microdomains (caveolae) in PASMCs upon HPS serum stimulation. The disruption of caveolae by Methyl-β-cyclodextrin (MβCD) alleviated the caveolae recruitment of ANXA2 and the ANXA2-mediated activation of ERK1/2 and NF-κB, so that ANXA2-modulated PASMC proliferation was suppressed...
October 1, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
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