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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738538/diosmin-improved-cognitive-deficit-and-amplified-brain-electrical-activity-in-the-rat-model-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Mohammad Ali Mirshekar, Hamed Fanaei, Fereshteh Keikhaei, Fatemeh Sargolzaee Javan
OBJECTIVE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the main causes of intellectual and cognitive disabilities in humans. Clinically, it is essential to limit the progress of cognitive impairment after TBI. It is reported that diosmin has a neuroprotective effect that can limit the progress of the impairment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of diosmin on neurological score, memory, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) level and long-term potentiation in hippocampal dentate gyrus after the injury...
July 20, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738511/litter-thickness-but-not-root-biomass-explains-the-average-and-spatial-structure-of-soil-hydraulic-conductivity-in-secondary-forests-and-coffee-agroecosystems-in-veracruz-mexico
#2
B E Marín-Castro, S Negrete-Yankelevich, D Geissert
Secondary forests and coffee agroecosystems are considered good alternatives for conservation of a high capacity for water filtration in the soil where tropical montane cloud forests (TMCF) once grew; however, it is not clear which characteristics of the vegetation modulate the field saturated hydraulic conductivity of the soil (Kfs) and whether these characteristics persist in such derived systems. Here, we explore how changes in vegetation between secondary forests and coffee agroecosystems have consequences for the average value and spatial variation of litter thickness and root biomass, and whether these differences can explain the Kfs and its spatial distribution...
July 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738505/rethinking-aqueous-phase-diffusion-related-isotope-fractionation-contrasting-theoretical-effects-with-observations-at-the-field-scale
#3
Shu Xu, Barbara Sherwood Lollar, Brent E Sleep
Aqueous phase diffusion-related isotope fractionation (DRIF) was investigated through modelling to determine under what subsurface conditions carbon isotope DRIF effects would be observable using typical sampling approaches. A dispersive enrichment factor was defined based on heavy and light isotopologue dispersion coefficients. For a given ratio of source concentration (C0) to method detection limit (MDL), the maximum DRIF in a system increased linearly with transverse dispersive enrichment factor. Using this linear relationship, the critical dispersion enrichment factor for which DRIF would not be observable was quantified...
July 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738477/-meta-analysis-on-influence-of-psychological-nursing-on-quality-of-life-of-aids-patients
#4
Q Liu, R Zhao, Q Wu, G H Zhuang
Objective: To evaluate the effect of psychological nursing intervention on the quality of life of AIDS patients. Methods: The experimental studies about the influence of psychological nursing intervention on the quality of life of AIDS patients were systematically retrieved in the following databases: PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Chinese biomedical literature database (CBM), China journal full text database (CNKI), Wanfang database and VIP Chinese science and technology periodical database (VIP)...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738466/-a-large-scale-cohort-study-on-aids-in-communities-in-dali-yunnan-province-2014-2015
#5
M Y Xiao, X M Chen, Y L Ma, L R Fu, J Niu, Z J Chen, H Y Li, Q L Wang, L J Song, H B Luo
Objective: To understand HIV incidence in community residents and epidemiological characteristics of newly detected HIV infection cases in Dali, Yunnan province. Methods: A cohort study was conducted among 146 720 community residents who were tested to be HIV negative during 2010-2011, they were followed-up from June 1, 2014 to May 31, 2015. Results: A total of 136 356 community residents received follow up (92.9%). The follow-up time was 0.23-5.40 years (medium: 3.43 years), cumulatively 459 675 person years, and 78 people were found to be HIV positive...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738452/prediction-of-delayed-colonic-transit-using-bristol-stool-form-and-stool-frequency-in-eastern-constipated-patients-a-difference-from-the-west
#6
Veeravich Jaruvongvanich, Tanisa Patcharatrakul, Sutep Gonlachanvit
Background/Aims: The correlation between the Bristol stool form scale (BSFS) and colonic transit time (CTT) has been reported in Western populations. Our study aims to study the relationship between BSFS, stool frequency, and CTT in Eastern patients with chronic constipation. Methods: A total of 144 chronic primary constipation patients underwent colonic transit study by using radio-opaque markers, anorectal manometry, and balloon expulsion test. Stool diary including stool forms and frequency was recorded...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738403/developing-consensus-based-priority-outcome-domains-for-trials-in-kidney-transplantation-a-multinational-delphi-survey-with-patients-caregivers-and-health-professionals
#7
Bénédicte Sautenet, Allison Tong, Karine E Manera, Jeremy R Chapman, Anthony N Warrens, David Rosenbloom, Germaine Wong, John Gill, Klemens Budde, Lionel Rostaing, Lorna Marson, Michelle A Josephson, Peter P Reese, Timothy L Pruett, Camilla S Hanson, Donal O'Donoghue, Helen Tam-Tham, Jean-Michel Halimi, Jenny I Shen, John Kanellis, John D Scandling, Kirsten Howard, Martin Howell, Nick Cross, Nicole Evangelidis, Philip Masson, Rainer Oberbauer, Samuel Fung, Shilpa Jesudason, Simon Knight, Sreedhar Mandayam, Stephen P McDonald, Steve Chadban, Tasleem Rajan, Jonathan C Craig
BACKGROUND: Inconsistencies in outcome reporting and frequent omission of patient-centered outcomes can diminish the value of trials in treatment decision making. We identified critically important outcome domains in kidney transplantation based on the shared priorities of patients/caregivers and health professionals. METHODS: In a 3-round Delphi survey, patients/caregivers and health professionals rated the importance of outcome domains for trials in kidney transplantation on a 9-point Likert scale and provided comments...
August 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738397/effects-of-self-management-education-through-telephone-follow-up-in-diabetic-patients
#8
Mahmood Namjoo Nasab, Abbas Ghavam, Abbas Yazdanpanah, Fereidoun Jahangir, Nasrin Shokrpour
It is expected that the number of people living with diabetes rise especially in low- and middle-income countries. In Iran, more than four million adults have diabetes mellitus, and self-management education is essential for effective diabetes self-care. This study aimed to investigate the effect of self-management education with telephone follow-up in diabetic patients of rural areas of Fars province in Lamerd city, Iran. In this experimental study, 64 participants were randomly assigned to intervention and control groups (32 patients for each group)...
July 2017: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738364/risk-factors-for-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-adults-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#9
Jordi Almirall, Mateu Serra-Prat, Ignasi Bolíbar, Valentina Balasso
We performed a systematic review of the literature to establish conclusive evidence of risk factors for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Observational studies (cross-sectional, case-control, and cohort studies) the primary outcome of which was to assess risk factors for CAP in both hospitalized and ambulatory adult patients with radiologically confirmed pneumonia were selected. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale specific for cohort and case-control designs was used for quality assessment. Twenty-nine studies (20 case-control, 8 cohort, and 1 cross-sectional) were selected, with 44...
July 25, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738347/negative-beliefs-about-voices-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-are-associated-with-distress-a-plea-for-cognitive-behavioural-therapy
#10
Christina W Slotema, Jan Dirk Blom, Mathijs Deen, Marieke B A Niemantsverdriet, Mark van der Gaag, Hans W Hoek, Iris E C Sommer
BACKGROUND: Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) are experienced by 21-54% of patients diagnosed with a borderline personality disorder (BPD), and ensuing distress is often high. Little is known about the beliefs these patients foster about their voices, and the influence thereof on distress and need for hospitalisation. METHODS: In a convenience sample of 38 BPD outpatients with AVH, data were collected with the aid of the Psychotic Symptom Rating Scales (PSYRATS), Beliefs about Voices Questionnaire (BAVQ), Social Comparison Rating Scale (SCRS), and Voice Power Differential Scale (VPDS)...
July 22, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738326/difficulty-in-the-cytodiagnosis-of-mammary-analogue-secretory-carcinoma-survey-of-109-cytologists-with-a-case-originating-from-a-minor-salivary-gland
#11
Keita Kai, Akimichi Minesaki, Kumiko Suzuki, Mikio Monji, Mitsuo Nakamura, Hisayuki Tsugitomi, Yuichiro Kuratomi, Shinichi Aishima
BACKGROUND: Mammary analogue secretory carcinoma (MASC) of the salivary gland shows morphologic similarities and shares an immunophenotype and characteristic ETV6-NTRK3 translocation with secretory carcinoma of the breast. We present a buccal case of MASC along with a survey-based debate about its cytologic diagnosis by fine-needle aspiration (FNA). CASE: FNA of the buccal nodule of a 58-year-old Japanese man was initially performed by 3 cytologists who gave different assessments of the Papanicolaou classification (i...
July 25, 2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738324/the-link-between-refractoriness-and-neuroprogression-in-treatment-resistant-bipolar-disorder
#12
Isabelle E Bauer, Jair C Soares, Salih Selek, Thomas D Meyer
Treatment refractoriness remains one of the biggest challenges in the field of bipolar disorder (BD) as treatments are often suboptimal or unsatisfactory. Recent evidence points towards a potential link between the progressively evolving nature of BD, increased inflammation, and reduced treatment response. There are several medications and other somatic treatments available, but remission rates are low, and medication compliance is still problematic. Psychotherapeutic techniques appear to be promising in several disease states and in relapse prevention, but additional research is needed to determine who will benefit from what strategy the most...
July 24, 2017: Modern Trends in Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738314/factors-associated-with-cognitive-impairment-in-a-cohort-of-older-homeless-adults-results-from-the-hope-home-study
#13
Emily Hurstak, Julene K Johnson, Lina Tieu, David Guzman, Claudia Ponath, Christopher T Lee, Christina Weyer Jamora, Margot Kushel
BACKGROUND: We evaluated cognitive function and factors associated with cognitive impairment in a cohort of older homeless adults. We hypothesized that substance use and a history of traumatic brain injury would be associated with cognitive impairment. METHODS: We recruited 350 homeless individuals aged ≥50 years using population-based sampling and conducted structured interviews and neuropsychological testing. We evaluated alcohol use with the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test, defining high-severity alcohol use as a total score ≥16 or ≥4 on the alcohol dependency sub-scale...
July 4, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738313/high-throughput-phenotyping-to-accelerate-crop-breeding-and-monitoring-of-diseases-in-the-field
#14
REVIEW
Nadia Shakoor, Scott Lee, Todd C Mockler
Effective implementation of technology that facilitates accurate and high-throughput screening of thousands of field-grown lines is critical for accelerating crop improvement and breeding strategies for higher yield and disease tolerance. Progress in the development of field-based high throughput phenotyping methods has advanced considerably in the last 10 years through technological progress in sensor development and high-performance computing. Here, we review recent advances in high throughput field phenotyping technologies designed to inform the genetics of quantitative traits, including crop yield and disease tolerance...
July 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738305/contamination-characteristics-and-source-apportionment-of-methylated-pahs-in-agricultural-soils-from-yangtze-river-delta-china
#15
Weixiao Chen, Xinyi Wu, Haiyun Zhang, Jianteng Sun, Wenxin Liu, Lizhong Zhu, Xiangdong Li, Daniel C W Tsang, Shu Tao, Xilong Wang
Alkylated PAHs (APAHs) have been shown to be more toxic and persistent than their non-alkylated parent compounds. However, little is known about the extent of soil contamination by these pollutants. To help understand agricultural soil pollution by these compounds at a regional scale, a total of 18 methylated PAHs (MPAHs, a major class of APAHs) in 243 soil samples were analyzed. These soil samples were collected from 11 sites in the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) region, a representative fast developing area in China...
July 21, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738301/effects-of-an-in-situ-diesel-oil-spill-on-oxidative-stress-in-the-clam-anomalocardia-flexuosa
#16
Adriana E Sardi, Paul E Renaud, Gisele C Morais, César C Martins, Paulo da Cunha Lana, Lionel Camus
Intensive exploitation and transport of oil and derivatives are increasing the risk of coastal contamination by either dramatic disasters or diffuse sources. Tools for monitoring diffuse contamination, such as diesel oil that leaks from marine vessels are much needed. We experimentally tested the efficiency of antioxidant biomarkers as indicators of chronic exposure to diesel oil in a mudflat from the subtropical Bay of Paranaguá, in southern Brazil. We examined the effects of three successive diesel oil spills, with two weeks of recovery time between exposures, on the edible clam Anomalocardia flexuosa...
July 21, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738296/mental-distress-quality-of-life-and-social-support-in-recurrent-ovarian-cancer-patients-during-active-chemotherapy
#17
Qiang Wen, Zhuyan Shao, Ping Zhang, Tao Zhu, Dan Li, Shihua Wang
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are common sources of mental distress experienced by ovarian cancer patients. The purpose of this study was to identify changes in levels of mental distress during active chemotherapy, to characterize the impact of these changes on quality of life (QOL), and to study the potential buffering effect of social support in recurrent ovarian cancer patients. METHODS: Anxiety and depression were assessed at baseline and three months after initiation of active chemotherapy using hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS)...
July 6, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738292/u-shaped-relationship-between-depression-and-body-mass-index-in-the-korean-adults
#18
J-H Lee, S K Park, J-H Ryoo, C-M Oh, J-M Choi, R S McIntyre, R B Mansur, H Kim, S Hales, J Y Jung
BACKGROUND: Although a number of studies have examined the relationship between depression and obesity, it is still insufficient to establish the specific pattern of relationship between depression and body mass index (BMI) categories. Thus, this study was aimed to investigate the relationship between depression and BMI categories. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted for a cohort of 159,390 Korean based on Kangbuk Samsung Health Study (KSHS). Study participants were classified into 5 groups by Asian-specific cut-off of BMI (18...
June 3, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738267/gram-scale-synthesis-of-a-type-2-and-b-type-2-blood-group-tetrasaccharides-through-1-6-anhydro-n-acetyl-%C3%AE-d-glucosamine
#19
Tatiana V Tyrtysh, Elena Yu Korchagina, Ivan M Ryzhov, Nicolai V Bovin
Gram scale synthesis of A (type 2) and B (type 2) tetrasaccharides in the form of 3-aminopropyl glycosides is proposed starting from 3-O-benzoyl-1,6-anhydro-N-acetylglucosamine. Its galactosylation followed by re-protection gave lactosamine derivative with single free 2'-OH group in total yield 75%. Standard fucosylation and next run of re-protection in total yield 88% gave a trisaccharide Fuc-Gal-anhydroGlcNAc with single free 3'-OH group. Its standard α-galactosylation gave protected B (type 2) tetrasaccharide...
June 27, 2017: Carbohydrate Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738231/sliding-strip-microfluidic-device-enables-elisa-on-paper
#20
Mohit S Verma, Maria-Nefeli Tsaloglou, Tyler Sisley, Dionysios Christodouleas, Austin Chen, Jonathan Milette, George M Whitesides
This article describes a 3D microfluidic paper-based analytical device that can be used to conduct an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The device comprises two parts: a sliding strip (which contains the active sensing area) and a structure surrounding the sliding strip (which holds stored reagents-buffers, antibodies, and enzymatic substrate-and distributes fluid). Running an ELISA involves adding sample (e.g. blood) and water, moving the sliding strip at scheduled times, and analyzing the resulting color in the sensing area visually or using a flatbed scanner...
July 19, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
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