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Trochanter damage

Chul-Gyu Kim, Seungmi Park, Ji Woon Ko, Sungho Jo
AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of subepidermal moisture and early stage pressure injury by visual skin assessment in elderly Korean. METHODS: Twenty-nine elderly participated at a particular nursing home. Data were collected for 12 weeks by one wound care nurse. Visual skin assessment and subepidermal moisture value were measured at both buttocks, both ischia, both trochanters, sacrum, and coccyx of each subject once a week. RESULTS: Subepidermal moisture value of stage 1 pressure injury was significantly higher than that of no injury and blanching erythema...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Tissue Viability
Seungmi Park, Chul-Gyu Kim, Ji Woon Ko
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between sub-epidermal moisture (SEM) and visual skin assessment (VSA) in pressure ulcers (PU) patients with jaundice in Korea. METHOD: This is a longitudinal observational study. Data was collected by a wound care nurse, at a tertiary hospital, for six weeks beginning in June 2013. Once a week for the six weeks, the nurse assessed VSA and measured SEM, for each subject, on seven anatomical sites (both buttocks, both ischial tuberosities, both trochanters, and the sacral coccyx), using a NOVA Petite dermal phase meter for SEM...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Wound Care
Bin-Fei Zhang, Yu-Xuan Cong, Peng-Fei Wang, Hai Huang, Hu Wang, Yan Zhuang
INTRODUCTION: Complications involving vascular injuries after hip fracture are rare, and the diagnosis and management of deep femoral artery (DFA) injuries are challenging. We reported 4 cases of DFA injuries after hip fracture surgery and aimed to discuss their early detection, treatment, and prevention. METHODS: We reviewed 4 cases of deep femoral injury after hip fracture. Case 1: a 71-year-old woman suffered a fracture around a prosthesis. Cases 2-4: 2 men and 1 woman suffered subtrochanteric or intertrochanteric fracture...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Byung-Ho Yoon, Jung Gon Kim, Yong-Chan Ha
Osteoid osteoma frequently requires surgical treatment, especially among young, active patients. However, surgeons are reluctant to perform open surgery for an osteoid osteoma of the femoral neck area because the conventional surgical approach requires a large incision in muscular patients, and percutaneous resection with a trephine has the attendant risk of subsequent fracture. Recently, arthroscopic excision of an osteoid osteoma has been reported as a less invasive, safer procedure than traditional open curettage...
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
David Putzer, Matthias Haselbacher, Romed Hörmann, Martin Thaler, Michael Nogler
INTRODUCTION: Gluteal insufficiency is of concern with lateral approaches to total hip arthroplasty. Damage to the branches of the superior gluteal nerve may cause degeneration of the innervated muscles. The direct anterior approach exploits the intermuscular and internerval interval between tensor fasciae latae laterally and sartorius and rectus femoris muscle medially. In this study, the distance of the superior gluteal nerve in relation to anatomical landmarks was determined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two experienced surgeons implanted trial components in 15 alcohol glycerol fixed cadavers with 30 hips...
March 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
W S Enns-Bray, H Bahaloo, I Fleps, O Ariza, S Gilchrist, R Widmer, P Guy, H Pálsson, S J Ferguson, P A Cripton, B Helgason
Sideways falls are largely responsible for the highly prevalent osteoporotic hip fractures in today's society. These injuries are dynamic events, therefore dynamic FE models validated with dynamic ex vivo experiments provide a more realistic simulation than simple quasi-static analysis. Drop tower experiments using cadaveric specimens were used to identify the material mapping strategy that provided the most realistic mechanical response under impact loading. The present study tested the addition of compression-tension asymmetry, tensile bone damage, and cortical-specific strain rate dependency to the material mapping strategy of fifteen dynamic FE models of the proximal femur, and found improved correlations and reduced error for whole bone stiffness (R2 = 0...
February 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Krishna R Cidambi, Steven L Barnett, Paige R Mallette, Jay J Patel, Nader A Nassif, Robert S Gorab
BACKGROUND: An increased rate of complications related to femoral component failure has been described with less invasive total hip arthroplasty (THA). This study evaluated the incidence of femoral complications associated with the direct anterior approach for THA. METHODS: Retrospective review was performed of the initial 1120 consecutive patients who underwent direct anterior THA by 2 surgeons. RESULTS: A total of 899 patients (80.3%) had a 2-year follow-up (range, 2-8 years)...
March 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
U Segal, J Shani, R Joseph
OBJECTIVE: To present a novel, semi-closed, surgical technique for coxofemoral luxation stabilisation using a transarticular toggle rod. STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Craniodorsal luxation was generated by transecting the ligamentum teres in 12 coxofemoral joints and was then reduced using a closed technique. Anteversion and inclination angles were measured using fluoroscopic projections. An arthroscope was inserted through a bone tunnel drilled from the third trochanter through the femoral neck...
March 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
M Leunig, H M Manner, L Turchetto, R Ganz
NEW PATHOPHYSIOLOGICAL INSIGHTS: Based on improved knowledge of the vascular supply of the proximal femur, a safe surgical dislocation of the hip joint was established allowing direct insights to the pathomorphological malfunctioning of the joint. One insight was that slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) impingement leads to substantial damage of the chondrolabral rim area, even in the presence of minor slips. A further surgical development was the extended retinacular flap allowing for correction of the deformity with calculable risk for iatrogenic necrosis...
April 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
Ahmed I Hammouda, Julio J Jauregui, Martin G Gesheff, Shawn C Standard, John E Herzenberg
BACKGROUND: Antegrade intramedullary (IM) nailing for skeletally immature femur fractures can damage the capital femoral epiphysis blood supply, leading to avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head. Reported AVN rates are 2% for piriformis entry and 1.4% for trochanteric entry. None of previous reports described IM lengthening nails for limb lengthening procedures. We have used self-lengthening telescopic nails with a proximal Herzog bend and standard trochanteric entry for femoral lengthening in children...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
J Tang, M Lv, Y X Zhou, J Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the operation technique and the methods to avoid early complications on the learning curve for bilateral direct anterior approach (DAA) total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: We retrospectively studied a series of continued cases with bilateral avascular necrosis of the femoral head (AVN) or degenerative dysplastic hip and rheumatoid arthritis that were treated by DAA THA in Beijing Jishuitan Hospital. A total of 22 patients with 44 hips were analyzed from June 2014 to August 2016 in this study...
April 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Jakub Sikora-Klak, James D Bomar, Christina N Paik, Dennis R Wenger, Vidyadhar Upasani
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated the intra-articular cartilage and labral damage that can occur from the proximal femoral cam-like deformity of a moderate to severe slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). The approach to treating this deformity in a symptomatic Loder stable hip is controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare radiographic outcomes, complication rates, and revision rates between Imhauser type triplane proximal femoral osteotomy (TPFO) and the modified Dunn procedure (MDP)...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Michael M Nogler, Martin R Thaler
BACKGROUND: The direct anterior approach (DAA) to the hip has been criticized as an approach that is limited to primary arthroplasty only. Our study objective was to demonstrate, in a cadaveric setting, that an alternate extension of the DAA can be used to reach the femur at the posterior border of the lateral vastus muscle without endangering the nerve supply. METHODS: The iliotibial tract is split anteriorly and pulled laterally, thereby opening the interval to the lateral-posterior aspect of the vastus muscle...
February 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
Vito Potenza, Ubaldo Saputo, Francesco Catellani, Pasquale Farsetti, Roberto Caterini
INTRODUCTION: Injury of femoral vessels is an extremely rare complication in intertrochanteric femoral fractures. In most cases reported, the vascular lesion involves the superficial femoral artery, whereas in very few cases does it involve the profunda femoris artery. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of acute bleeding due to laceration of a perforating branch of the profunda femoris artery caused by a sharp fragment of the displaced lesser trochanter in an intertrochanteric femoral fracture; the lesion was treated by transcatheter embolization...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Walla Atchi, Abalo Anani, Dellanh Yannick, Ayouba Gamal, Dossim Assang
Anterior traumatic dislocations of the hip are much less common than posterior dislocations. To date, 14 cases of open anterior dislocation of the hip associated with such injuries, acetabular and femoral head fractures and femoral vascular and nerve damage have been reported. We present a case of a 23-year-old male who sustained open anterior dislocation of the hip with ipsilateral fracture of the greater trochanter after an accident on the public highway. Additional lesions included an iliac wing fracture and a perineal wound...
June 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
B Heimkes
BACKGROUND: The structure of apophyses and apophyseal growth plates is not substantially different from those of epiphyses and epiphyseal growth plates. In contrast to epiphyseal growth plates, apophyses and apophyseal growth plates do not contribute to the longitudinal growth of the extremity. They are associated with their adjacent joints, triggering the lengths of their lever arms and influencing their external shape and internal architecture. The formative stimulus on apophyses is given by muscles and tendons inserting at the apophysis or canopying the apophsis...
March 2016: Der Orthopäde
Dongmin Xiao, Ming Ye, Xiong Li, Hong Wu, Chi Zhong
OBJECTIVE: This work aims to perform a biomechanical test to evaluate the effect of interior supporting system and tantalum rod in simulating the treatment of ischemic necrosis of the femoral head. METHOD: Three models were established: control group (group A), interior supporting system group (group B), and tantalum rod group (group C). Step-by-step loading was applied on the top of the femoral head until femoral head damage occurs by using the testing machine of the material test system...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Phonthakorn Panichkul, Kevin B Fricka, Robert H Hopper, C Anderson Engh
Adverse reaction to metal debris (ARMD) involving the hip joint has emerged as an important reason for failure and revision among patients with metal-on-metal (MOM) hip arthroplasty. To the authors' knowledge, there are no reports of adverse radiographic sequelae in the greater trochanter subsequent to revision for ARMD. The authors describe clinical and radiographic findings in 2 patients who developed greater trochanteric fragmentation 1 to 2 years after conversion of their failed MOM hips to polyethylene bearings...
May 2015: Orthopedics
Masaki Fujioka, Aya Yakabe, Kana Masuda, Yosinobu Imamura
 Pressure ulcers commonly occur on the sacrum, ischium, lateral trochanter, and heel where pressure or shearing forces continuously affect bony prominences. The following describes three cases of unusual pressure ulcers of the cheek and upper extremity. Patients developed the wounds as a result of lying face downward on the hand for a prolonged period. All facial wounds were treated conservatively and eventually healed, but the damage to the hands was irreversible due to severe complications related to muscle contraction...
May 2010: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Yutaka Kuroda, Haruhiko Akiyama, Manabu Nankaku, Kazutaka So, Shuichi Matsuda
BACKGROUND: A lateral approach is common in total hip arthroplasty because of the good exposure it provides and its low complication rates. However, a drawback of the procedure is that the abductor mechanism is damaged when the tendinous insertion of the abductor muscle is split. Here, we describe a wafer technique using ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene tape for promising reattachment of the abductor mechanism. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 120 consecutive primary total hip arthroplasties performed using a modified Mostardi approach, which involved reattaching the trochanter using either a braided polyester suture (polyester suture group, n = 60) or ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene tape (UHMWPE tape group, n = 60)...
July 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
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