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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447720/no-257-ultrasonographic-cervical-length-assessment-in-predicting-preterm-birth-in-singleton-pregnancies
#1
Kenneth Lim, Kimberly Butt, Joan M Crane
OBJECTIVES: To review (1) the use of ultrasonographic-derived cervical length measurement in predicting preterm birth and (2) interventions associated with a short cervical length. OUTCOMES: Reduction in rates of prematurity and/or better identification of those at risk, as well as possible prevention of unnecessary interventions. EVIDENCE: Published literature was retrieved through searches of PubMed and The Cochrane Library up to December 2009, using appropriate controlled vocabulary and key words (preterm labour, ultrasound, cervix, incompetent cervix, transvaginal, transperineal, cervical length, fibronectin)...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431861/non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-agents-to-induce-regression-and-prevent-the-progression-of-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#2
REVIEW
Shannon M Grabosch, Osman M Shariff, C William Helm
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in 2014, Issue 4. Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) precedes the development of invasive carcinoma of the cervix. Current treatment of CIN is quite effective, but there is morbidity for the patient related to pain, bleeding, infection, cervical stenosis and premature birth in a subsequent pregnancy. Effective treatment with medications, rather than surgery, would be beneficial. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs), including cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors, to induce regression and prevent the progression of CIN...
February 12, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422255/prevention-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth-universal-cervical-length-assessment-and-vaginal-progesterone-in-women-with-a-short-cervix-time-for-action
#3
EDITORIAL
Stuart Campbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414522/don-t-be-short-sighted-cervical-incompetence-in-a-pregnant-patient-with-acute-appendicitis
#4
Lindsey M Negrete, Lucy B Spalluto
Delay in diagnosis of cervical incompetence can be detrimental to the fetus. Up to 20-25% of miscarriages in the second trimester can be attributed to the incompetent cervix. Given the profound impact of cervical incompetence on obstetric outcomes, careful attention should be given to evaluation of the cervix on MRI studies in pregnant patients. We present a case of incompetent cervix diagnosed incidentally at the time of MRI performed to evaluate for acute appendicitis.
January 31, 2018: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407363/society-of-family-planning-clinical-guidelines-pain-control-in-surgical-abortion-part-1-local-anesthesia-and-minimal-sedation
#5
REVIEW
Rebecca H Allen, Rameet Singh
Satisfactory pain control for women undergoing surgical abortion is important for patient comfort and satisfaction. Clinicians ought to be aware of the safety and efficacy of different pain control regimens. This document will focus on nonpharmacologic modalities to reduce pain and pharmacologic interventions up to the level of minimal sedation. For surgical abortion without intravenous medications, a multimodal approach to pain control may combine a dedicated emotional-support person, visual or auditory distraction, administration of local anesthesia to the cervix with buffered lidocaine, and a preoperative nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug...
January 30, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374983/management-of-twin-twin-transfusion-syndrome-with-an-extremely-short-cervix
#6
Myrna S Aboudiab, Andrew H Chon, Lisa M Korst, Arlyn Llanes, Joseph G Ouzounian, Ramen H Chmait
The objective of this study was to describe the management and perinatal outcomes of patients with twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) and an extremely short cervical length (CL). This retrospective study examined 17 patients with TTTS and a preoperative CL ≤1.0 cm who had undergone laser surgery and perioperative cervical cerclage placement successfully. In this subset of patients, the median interval between surgery and delivery was 9.6 (range 2.1-13.9) weeks and only one patient had PPROM within 3 weeks of surgery...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374885/-clinical-outcome-of-therapeutic-cervical-cerclage-in-short-cervix-syndrome
#7
H L Wang, Z Yang, Y Shen, Q L Wang
Objective: To investigate the clinical effect of therapeutic cervical cerclage on short cervix syndrome for anti-premature birth in the second trimester. Methods: Totally 44 singleton pregnant patients were diagnosed as short cervix syndrome, which was cervical length ≤2.5 cm without cervical dilatation, and received treatment from January 2008 and July 2015 in Peking University Third Hospital were collected. Among them, 30 patients who received therapeutic cervical cerclage were defined as cerclage group and another 14 cases who received conservative treatment were defined as un-cerclage group...
January 25, 2018: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369475/do-fertile-women-have-an-inferior-treatment-for-high-grade-precancerous-lesions
#8
Miseon Kim, Hye-Yon Cho, Jaeil Lee, Dong Hoon Suh, Kidong Kim, Jae Hong No, Yong Beom Kim
AIM: To investigate whether a concern for future pregnancy is reflected in the extent of large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ) and to assess the clinical outcome. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 275 women who underwent LLETZ for precancerous lesions in cervix. We divided them into two groups according to pregnancy possibility in the future: nonpotential versus potential group. The potential group was arbitrarily defined as women who met one of the following: (i) regardless of marital status, younger than 41 years with less than two parities and (ii) regardless of parity, younger than 46 years and unmarried...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363371/the-impact-of-cerclage-in-twin-pregnancies-on-preterm-birth-rate-before-32-weeks
#9
Michelle N Han, Betsy E O'Donnell, Melanie M Maykin, Juan M Gonzalez, Khalil Tabsh, Stephanie L Gaw
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether cerclage in twins reduces the rate of spontaneous preterm birth <32 weeks when compared to expectant management. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of twin pregnancies with the following indications for cerclage from two institutions: history of prior preterm birth, ultrasound-identified short cervix ≤2.5 cm, and cervical dilation ≥1.0 cm. The "cerclage" cohort received a cerclage from a single provider at a single institution from 2003-2016...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359610/effectiveness-of-a-bipolar-vessel-sealant-device-for-ovariohysterectomy-in-cats-with-pyometra
#10
Jean-François Boursier, Jean Bassanino, Dimitri Leperlier
Objectives The objective was to describe the use of a bipolar vessel sealant device for complete ovariohysterectomy in cats - both the ovarian pedicle and the uterine body and vessels - and to report on the feasibility of ovariohysterectomy in cats with pyometra. Methods Cats with confirmed pyometra and whose owners agreed to the surgical procedure were prospectively included in the study. Ovaries were visualised and the vessel sealant device was used to coagulate and cut the suspensory ligament, the ovarian pedicle and the broad ligament up to the level of the uterine body...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359499/laparoscopic-transabdominal-cerclage-outcomes-of-121-pregnancies
#11
Alex Ades, Sneha Parghi, Mehrnoosh Aref-Adib
BACKGROUND: Cervical insufficiency is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Cervical cerclage is one option in the management of cervical insufficiency. AIM: To evaluate obstetric outcomes following insertion of a pre-pregnancy laparoscopic transabdominal cerclage in women at high risk for pre-term labour and/or mid-trimester pregnancy loss. METHODS: A prospective observational study of consecutive women who underwent laparoscopic transabdominal cerclage from 2007 to 2017...
January 23, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307708/what-interventions-are-being-used-to-prevent-preterm-birth-and-when
#12
Yu Yang Feng, Alexander Jarde, Ye Rin Seo, Anne Powell, Nwachukwu Nwebube, Sarah D McDonald
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine the proportions of women at risk of preterm birth who received progesterone, elective and rescue cerclage, or pessary to prevent preterm birth, by using medical records. The authors also sought to determine whether these proportions differed among primary-, secondary-, and tertiary-level centres. METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective cohort study and extracted data from consecutive medical charts of women with an estimated date of confinement over 3 months in primary-, secondary-, and tertiary-level centres in Southern Ontario...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239064/case-of-rapidly-progressing-condylomatous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-uterine-cervix-associated-with-low-risk-human-papillomavirus-type-6
#13
Miho Masuda, Kaoru Abiko, Sachiko Minamiguchi, Ryusuke Murakami, Tsukasa Baba, Ikuo Konishi
Condylomatous, or warty squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the uterine cervix, is a rare variant of invasive SCC. Here, we describe a case of aggressive condylomatous SCC of the uterine cervix. A 43-year-old woman was monitored for 3 years for suspected low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion. A whitish papillary mass occupied the cervix, and the colposcopic diagnosis was condyloma acuminatum. A cervical biopsy revealed papillary proliferating thick squamous epithelium, which consisted of koilocytes and atypical cells with enlarged nuclei...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229486/screening-for-spontaneous-preterm-birth-and-resultant-therapies-to-reduce-neonatal-morbidity-and-mortality-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Angelica V Glover, Tracy A Manuck
Despite considerable effort aimed at decreasing the incidence of spontaneous preterm birth, it remains the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Screening strategies are imperfect. Approaches used to identify women considered by historical factors to be low risk for preterm delivery (generally considered to be women with singleton pregnancies without a history of a previous preterm birth) as well as those at high risk for preterm birth (those with a previous preterm birth, short cervix, or multiple gestation) continue to evolve...
December 9, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228626/boosting-the-effects-of-hyperthermia-based-anticancer-treatments-by-hsp90-inhibition
#15
Lianne E M Vriend, Nathalie van den Tempel, Arlene L Oei, Mike L'Acosta, Frederique J Pieterson, Nicolaas A P Franken, Roland Kanaar, Przemek M Krawczyk
Hyperthermia - application of supra-physiological temperatures to cells, tissues or organs - is a pleiotropic treatment that affects most aspects of cellular metabolism, but its effects on DNA are of special interest in the context of cancer research and treatment. Hyperthermia inhibits repair of various DNA lesions, including double-strand breaks (DSBs), making it a powerful radio- and chemosensitizer, with proven clinical efficacy in therapy of various types of cancer, including tumors of head and neck, bladder, breast and cervix...
November 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157866/vaginal-progesterone-for-preventing-preterm-birth-and-adverse-perinatal-outcomes-in-singleton-gestations-with-a-short-cervix-a-meta-analysis-of-individual-patient-data
#16
Roberto Romero, Agustin Conde-Agudelo, Eduardo Da Fonseca, John M O'Brien, Elcin Cetingoz, George W Creasy, Sonia S Hassan, Kypros H Nicolaides
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of vaginal progesterone for preventing preterm birth and adverse perinatal outcomes in singleton gestations with a short cervix has been questioned after publication of the OPPTIMUM study. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether vaginal progesterone prevents preterm birth and improves perinatal outcomes in asymptomatic women with a singleton gestation and a midtrimester sonographic short cervix. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, and CINAHL (from their inception to September 2017), Cochrane databases, bibliographies, and conference proceedings...
November 16, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121417/transabdominal-cerclage-tac-for-patients-with-ultra-short-uterine-cervix-after-uterine-cervix-surgery-and-its-impact-on-pregnancy
#17
Shinichi Ishioka, Miseon Kim, Yuko Mizugaki, Saori Kon, Kyoko Isoyama, Masahito Mizuuchi, Miyuki Morishita, Tsuyoshi Baba, Takao Sekiya, Tsuyoshi Saito
AIM: Patients with an ultra-short uterine cervix as a result of large conization, repeated conization or radical trachelectomy (RT), are at high risk of preterm premature rupture of the membrane, which leads to preterm birth. We have commenced performing transabdominal cerclage (TAC) of the uterine cervix for these patients. In this study, we examined the safety of TAC and its impact on pregnancy. METHODS: We have performed TAC in 11 patients before pregnancy: in six after large cervical operations, such as repeated conization; and in five for difficulties with cervical cerclage after RT...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108444/outcomes-after-periviable-ultrasound-indicated-cerclage
#18
Daphnie Drassinower, Elizabeth Coviello, Helain J Landy, Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman, Annette Perez-Delboy, Alexander M Friedman
BACKGROUND: Cerclage placed for a sonographically short cervix has been shown to reduce the risk of preterm delivery in women with a history of prior preterm birth. While short cervix is traditionally placed before viability, the threshold gestational age at which viability is achieved continues to decrease, and, as a result, a larger subset of women may be ineligible to receive this potentially beneficial procedure. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between obstetric outcomes and perioperative complications after placement of an ultrasound-indicated cerclage at periviability compared to placement in the previable period...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100259/anticipatory-corticosteroid-administration-to-asymptomatic-women-with-a-short-cervix
#19
Douglas S Richards, Luchin F Wong, M Sean Esplin, Dave S Collingridge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055173/safety-and-efficacy-of-the-cervical-pessary-combined-with-vaginal-progesterone-for-the-prevention-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth
#20
Georgios Daskalakis, Dimitrios Zacharakis, Marianna Theodora, Panagiotis Antsaklis, Nikolaos Papantoniou, Dimitris Loutradis, Aris Antsaklis
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the combined treatment of cervical pessary and endovaginal progesterone for the prevention of spontaneous preterm birth (SPB) in women with a short cervical length (CL) between 20 and 24 weeks of gestation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective study of women with a singleton pregnancy and a sonographically detected mid-trimester CL ≤25 mm. The primary outcome measure was spontaneous delivery before 34 weeks (238 days) of gestation...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
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