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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651398/-awareness-of-health-co-benefits-of-carbon-emissions-reduction-in-urban-residents-in-beijing-a-cross-sectional-survey
#1
J H Gao, Y Zhang, J Wang, H J Chen, G B Zhang, X B Liu, H X Wu, J Li, J Li, Q Y Liu
Objective: To understand the awareness of the health co-benefits of carbon emission reduction in urban residents in Beijing and the influencing factors, and provide information for policy decision on carbon emission reduction and health education campaigns. Methods: Four communities were selected randomly from Fangshan, Haidian, Huairou and Dongcheng districts of Beijing, respectively. The sample size was estimated by using Kish-Leslie formula for descriptive analysis. 90 participants were recruited from each community...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651333/responses-of-lichen-communities-to-18%C3%A2-years-of-natural-and-experimental-warming
#2
Juha M Alatalo, Annika K Jägerbrand, Shengbin Chen, Ulf Molau
Background and Aims: Climate change is expected to have major impacts on high alpine and arctic ecosystems in the future, but empirical data on the impact of long-term warming on lichen diversity and richness are sparse. This study report the effects of 18 years of ambient and experimental warming on lichens and vascular plant cover in two alpine plant communities, a dry heath with sparse canopy cover (54 %) and a mesic meadow with a more developed (67 %) canopy cover, in sub-arctic Sweden...
June 22, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651261/evaluation-of-the-value-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-ceus-within-radiology-departments-in-germany
#3
Tilmann Graeter, Wolfgang Kratzer, Thomas Seufferlein, Suemeyra Tasdemir, Aylin Senguel, Julian Schmidberger, Hartmut Graeter, Christian Stroszczynski, Meinrad Beer
Purpose Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) has been established for many years and has become an increasingly important cornerstone of the diagnostic imaging of various organ systems. However, this modality is rarely performed by radiologists and is primarily employed by other medical disciplines. The goal of this questionnaire study is to present the current value of CEUS in radiology and to encourage reevaluation of the method within this medical discipline. Materials and Methods 560 directors of radiology departments throughout Germany were contacted and given a 3-page questionnaire...
June 26, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651190/temporal-dynamics-of-the-compositions-and-activities-of-soil-microbial-communities-post-application-of-the-insecticide-chlorantraniliprole-in-paddy-soils
#4
Meng Wu, Jia Liu, Weitao Li, Ming Liu, Chunyu Jiang, Zhongpei Li
Chlorantraniliprole (CAP) is a newly developed insecticide widely used in rice fields in China. There has been few studies evaluating the toxicological effects of CAP on soil-associated microbes. An 85-day microcosm experiment was performed to reveal the dissipation dynamics of CAP in three types of paddy soils in subtropical China. The effects of CAP on microbial activities (microbial biomass carbon-MBC, basal soil respiration-BSR, microbial metabolic quotient-qCO2, acid phosphatase and sucrose invertase activities) in the soils were periodically evaluated...
June 23, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650677/psychosocial-risk-factors-for-perinatal-depression-among-female-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#5
Pamela Recto, Jane Dimmitt Champion
Perinatal depression is a health concern among pregnant and postpartum adolescents as it may negatively impact fetal development and result in complications such as preterm delivery, low infant birth weight, and poor maternal-infant attachment. The purpose of this systematic review is to examine psychosocial risk factors for depression among adolescents during pregnancy and postpartum. A literature search was conducted from five databases from 1995 to 2016. A total of 17 studies matched the inclusion criteria...
June 26, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650483/disease-model-discovery-from-3-328-gene-knockouts-by-the-international-mouse-phenotyping-consortium
#6
Terrence F Meehan, Nathalie Conte, David B West, Julius O Jacobsen, Jeremy Mason, Jonathan Warren, Chao-Kung Chen, Ilinca Tudose, Mike Relac, Peter Matthews, Natasha Karp, Luis Santos, Tanja Fiegel, Natalie Ring, Henrik Westerberg, Simon Greenaway, Duncan Sneddon, Hugh Morgan, Gemma F Codner, Michelle E Stewart, James Brown, Neil Horner, Melissa Haendel, Nicole Washington, Christopher J Mungall, Corey L Reynolds, Juan Gallegos, Valerie Gailus-Durner, Tania Sorg, Guillaume Pavlovic, Lynette R Bower, Mark Moore, Iva Morse, Xiang Gao, Glauco P Tocchini-Valentini, Yuichi Obata, Soo Young Cho, Je Kyung Seong, John Seavitt, Arthur L Beaudet, Mary E Dickinson, Yann Herault, Wolfgang Wurst, Martin Hrabe de Angelis, K C Kent Lloyd, Ann M Flenniken, Lauryl M J Nutter, Susan Newbigging, Colin McKerlie, Monica J Justice, Stephen A Murray, Karen L Svenson, Robert E Braun, Jacqueline K White, Allan Bradley, Paul Flicek, Sara Wells, William C Skarnes, David J Adams, Helen Parkinson, Ann-Marie Mallon, Steve D M Brown, Damian Smedley
Although next-generation sequencing has revolutionized the ability to associate variants with human diseases, diagnostic rates and development of new therapies are still limited by a lack of knowledge of the functions and pathobiological mechanisms of most genes. To address this challenge, the International Mouse Phenotyping Consortium is creating a genome- and phenome-wide catalog of gene function by characterizing new knockout-mouse strains across diverse biological systems through a broad set of standardized phenotyping tests...
June 26, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650413/community-priorities-for-hospital-based-prevention-initiatives-results-from-a-deliberating-public
#7
Marthe R Gold, Lindsey Realmuto, Maya Scherer, Alexandra Kamler, Linda Weiss
CONTEXT: Internal revenue service provisions require not-for-profit hospitals to provide "community benefit." In addition, the Affordable Care Act requires these hospitals to conduct community health needs assessments that involve appropriate stakeholders. These requirements signal government interest in creating opportunities for developing programs that are well tailored and responsive to the needs of the communities served. Gaining meaningful input from residents is a critical aspect of these processes...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650266/disease-suppressive-soils-new-insights-from-the-soil-microbiome
#8
Daniel Schlatter, Linda L Kinkel, Linda S Thomashow, David M Weller, Timothy Carl Paulitz
Soils suppressive to soilborne pathogens have been identified world-wide for almost 60 years and attributed mainly to suppressive or antagonistic microorganisms. Rather than identifying, testing and applying potential biocontrol agents in an inundative fashion, research into suppressive soils has attempted to understand how indigenous microbiomes can reduce disease, even in the presence of the pathogen, susceptible host, and favorable environment. Recent advances in next-generation sequencing of microbiomes have provided new tools to reexamine and further characterize the nature of these soils...
June 26, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650250/a-retrospective-longitudinal-claims-based-comparison-of-concomitant-diagnoses-between-individuals-with-and-without-down-syndrome
#9
Amanda M Kong, Dana Hurley, Kristin A Evans, Diana Brixner, Csilla Csoboth, Jeannie Visootsak
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) experience various comorbidities in excess of the prevalence seen among the non-DS population. However, the extent of the excess burden of comorbidities specifically within commercially and publicly insured DS populations aged < 21 years is not currently known. OBJECTIVES: To (a) describe the most common diagnoses among individuals with DS who have either commercial or Medicaid insurance and (b) compare the prevalence of those diagnoses between DS cases and non-DS controls...
July 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650230/get-real-evaluation-of-a-community-level-hiv-prevention-intervention-for-young-msm-who-engage-in-episodic-substance-use
#10
Jennifer Lauby, Lin Zhu, Mary Milnamow, Heather Batson, Lisa Bond, William Curran-Groome, Lee Carson
Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) have high rates of recreational drug use and binge drinking that are related to increases in unprotected sex and HIV risk. We describe the development of a community-level intervention focused on MSM ages 15 to 29 who identify as Black or White and who reported episodic use of alcohol and/or drugs. Intervention content included culturally-relevant role model stories and peer outreach. Outcome measures, including number of partners and a risk score indicating risk for HIV from protected or unprotected insertive or receptive anal sex, were examined over 36 months in a sample of YMSM in Philadelphia, the intervention site, and Baltimore, the comparison site...
June 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650000/andexanet-alfa-a-recombinant-mimetic-of-human-factor-xa-for-the-reversal-of-anticoagulant-therapies
#11
G Escolar, M Diaz-Ricart, E Arellano-Rodrigo
Activated coagulation factor X (FXa) is a common target for classic and newer anticoagulants. Parenteral anticoagulants with an indirect inhibitory action on FXa (low-molecular-weight heparins) have a well-established clinical efficacy in the prophylaxis and therapy of thromboembolic conditions. More recently developed direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have emerged as a new class of antithrombotic drugs. Rivaroxaban, apixaban and edoxaban are direct inhibitors of FXa approved for the management of venous thromboembolism and stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation...
May 2017: Drugs of Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649930/expanding-the-scope-beyond-mortality-burden-and-missed-opportunities-in-maternal-morbidity-in-indonesia
#12
Vitri Widyaningsih, Khotijah, Balgis
BACKGROUND: Indonesia still faces challenges in maternal health. Specifically, the lack of information on community-level maternal morbidity. The relatively high maternal healthcare non-utilization in Indonesia intensifies this problem. OBJECTIVE: To describe the burden of community-level maternal morbidity in Indonesia. Additionally, to evaluate the extent and determinants of missed opportunities in women with maternal morbidity. METHODS: We used three cross-sectional surveys (Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey, IDHS 2002, 2007 and 2012)...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649869/hivr4p-2016-partnering-for-prevention-conference-summary-and-highlights
#13
Barbara L Shacklett, Cynthia A Derdeyn, Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Raphael Landovitz, Colin Anthony, Anna-Janina Behrens, Thomas Hope, Elise Landais, Lorna Leal, Jeanne M Marrazzo, Lynn Morris, Nelly Mugo, Kenneth Ngure, Veronica Noseda, Srinika Ranasinghe, Damien C Tully, Yegor Voronin, Mitchell Warren, Constantinos Kurt Wibmer, Irene Y Xie, Gabriella Scarlatti, Bargavi Thyagarajan
HIV Research for Prevention: AIDS Vaccine, Microbicide and ARV-based Prevention Science (HIVR4P) was built upon a growing consensus that effective HIV prevention requires a combination of approaches and that understanding, analyzing and debating the cross-cutting issues that impact prevention research are all essential to combat the global HIV/AIDS epidemic. To that end, the biennial HIVR4P conference is dedicated to all biomedical HIV prevention research approaches, including HIV vaccines, microbicides, PrEP and treatment as prevention...
June 24, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649692/urgent-need-to-strengthen-and-expand-screening-and-other-cancer-control-programs-in-the-caricom-caribbean
#14
Renee A Franklin, Donald T Simeon
PURPOSE: With high mortality in breast, cervical, prostate, and colorectal cancers in Caribbean Community (CARICOM) countries, we examined cancer control initiatives including screening as well as the implementation of relevant international and regional mandates. METHODS: Secondary data were used to examine cancer control initiatives, which included the presence of national policies, programs, and screening services as well as the implementation of international and regional mandates...
June 26, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649456/development-of-a-self-directed-online-learning-curriculum-to-increase-community-engaged-research-in-clinical-and-translational-science
#15
Joyce E Balls-Berry, Heather Billings, Laura Ernste, Miguel Valdez Soto, Katrin Frimannsdottir, Karen Weavers, Victor M Montori, Christi A Patten
BACKGROUND: Medical research strives to improve health; community-engaged research (CEnR) supports translation to the community. METHODS: This article describes the use of andragogical theory to develop asynchronous CEnR training. RESULTS: A total of 43 researchers and community members completed at least one module. The majority (67%-100%) stated that training met their educational needs and noted a desire for more information. CONCLUSION: The curriculum reinforced CEnR principles to enhance medical research...
April 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649455/science-caf%C3%A3-s-transforming-citizens-to-scientific-citizens-what-influences-participants-perceived-change-in-health-and-scientific-literacy
#16
Syed M Ahmed, Mia DeFino, Emily Connors, Alexis Visotcky, Anne Kissack, Zeno Franco
INTRODUCTION: Science Cafés facilitated by the Clinical and Translational Science Institute of Southeast Wisconsin seek to increase health and scientific literacy through informal conversation between researchers and community members. The goal was to understand what factors have the greatest influence on attendees' perceived changes in health and science literacy levels (PCHSL) to increase impact. METHODS: Previous research established the evaluation used in the Science Cafés to measure PCHSL...
April 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649450/the-northwest-participant-and-clinical-interactions-network-increasing-opportunities-for-patients-to-participate-in-research-across-the-northwestern-united-states
#17
Laura-Mae Baldwin, Laurie Hassell, Cindi Laukes, Michelle Doyle, Anne Reedy, Brenda Mollis, Sandra Albritton, Elizabeth Ciemins, Robert Coker, Jeannine Brant, Katherine R Tuttle, Laura Baker, Bonnie Ramsey
INTRODUCTION: The Institute of Translational Health Sciences (ITHS) promotes and supports translational research collaboration between clinicians, communities, and investigators across the five-state Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, and Idaho (WWAMI) region. The ITHS has developed a collaborative regional clinical research network, the Northwest Participant & Clinical Interactions Network (NW PCI), involving 12 diverse clinical health systems and academic institutions. METHODS: This descriptive article details NW PCI's development, infrastructure and governance, tools, characteristics, and initial outcomes...
April 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649413/identification-of-donor-microbe-species-that-colonize-and-persist-long-term-in-the-recipient-after-fecal-transplant-for-recurrent-clostridium-difficile
#18
Ranjit Kumar, Nengjun Yi, Degui Zhi, Peter Eipers, Kelly T Goldsmith, Paula Dixon, David K Crossman, Michael R Crowley, Elliot J Lefkowitz, J Martin Rodriguez, Casey D Morrow
Fecal microbiota transplantation has been shown to be an effective treatment for patients with recurrent C. difficile colitis. Although fecal microbiota transplantation helps to re-establish a normal gut function in patients, the extent of the repopulation of the recipient microbial community varies. To further understand this variation, it is important to determine the fate of donor microbes in the patients following fecal microbiota transplantation. We have developed a new method that utilizes the unique single nucleotide variants of gut microbes to accurately identify microbes in paired fecal samples from the same individual taken at different times...
2017: NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649409/bacillus-subtilis-utilizes-the-dna-damage-response-to-manage-multicellular-development
#19
Kevin Gozzi, Carly Ching, Srinand Paruthiyil, Yinjuan Zhao, Veronica Godoy-Carter, Yunrong Chai
Bacteria switch between free-living and a multicellular state, known as biofilms, in response to cellular and environmental cues. It is important to understand how these cues influence biofilm development as biofilms are not only ubiquitous in nature but are also causative agents of infectious diseases. It is often believed that any stress triggers biofilm formation as a means of bacterial protection. In this study, we propose a new mechanism for how cellular and environmental DNA damage may influence biofilm formation...
2017: NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649405/bacillus-subtilis-biofilm-development-in-the-presence-of-soil-clay-minerals-and-iron-oxides
#20
Wenting Ma, Donghai Peng, Sharon L Walker, Bin Cao, Chun-Hui Gao, Qiaoyun Huang, Peng Cai
Clay minerals and metal oxides, as important parts of the soil matrix, play crucial roles in the development of microbial communities. However, the mechanism underlying such a process, particularly on the formation of soil biofilm, remains poorly understood. Here, we investigated the effects of montmorillonite, kaolinite, and goethite on the biofilm formation of the representative soil bacteria Bacillus subtilis. The bacterial biofilm formation in goethite was found to be impaired in the initial 24 h but burst at 48 h in the liquid-air interface...
2017: NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes
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