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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445823/engineering-metal-hydr-oxide-sorbents-for-removal-of-arsenate-and-similar-weak-acid-oxyanion-contaminants-a-critical-review-with-emphasis-on-factors-governing-sorption-processes
#1
Kiril D Hristovski, Jasmina Markovski
To create an integrative foundation for engineering of the next generation inexpensive sorbent systems, this critical review addresses the existing knowledge gap in factor/performance relationships between weak-acid oxyanion contaminants and metal (hydr)oxide sorbents. In-depth understanding of fundamental thermodynamics and kinetics mechanisms, material fabrication, and analytical and characterization techniques, is necessary to engineer sorbent that exhibit high capacity, selectivity, stability, durability and mass transport of contaminants under a wide range of operating and water matrix conditions requirements...
April 22, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445588/the-relative-importance-of-pollinator-abundance-and-species-richness-for-the-temporal-variance-of-pollination-services
#2
Mark A Genung, Jeremy Fox, Neal M Williams, Claire Kremen, John Ascher, Jason Gibbs, Rachael Winfree
The relationship between biodiversity and the stability of ecosystem function is a fundamental question in community ecology, and hundreds of experiments have shown a positive relationship between species richness and the stability of ecosystem function. However, these experiments have rarely accounted for common ecological patterns, most notably skewed species abundance distributions and non-random extinction risks, making it difficult to know whether experimental results can be scaled up to larger, less manipulated systems...
April 26, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445534/a-new-high-resolution-global-mass-coral-bleaching-database
#3
Simon D Donner, Gregory J M Rickbeil, Scott F Heron
Episodes of mass coral bleaching have been reported in recent decades and have raised concerns about the future of coral reefs on a warming planet. Despite the efforts to enhance and coordinate coral reef monitoring within and across countries, our knowledge of the geographic extent of mass coral bleaching over the past few decades is incomplete. Existing databases, like ReefBase, are limited by the voluntary nature of contributions, geographical biases in data collection, and the variations in the spatial scale of bleaching reports...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445170/using-an-ipad-for-basic-communication-between-spanish-speaking-families-and-nurses-in-pediatric-acute-care-a-feasibility-pilot-study
#4
Kylie H Jackson, Sandra J Mixer
The growing number of Spanish speakers in the United States poses communication challenges for healthcare providers. Language barriers in pediatric acute care have been associated with an increased risk for adverse events, longer hospital stays, and decreased quality of care. In addition, clinicians' usage of interpreter services is inconsistent. In fact, nurses often lack interpreter support during daily bedside care. Nursing staff at a pediatric children's hospital in the southeastern United States identified bedside communication with Spanish-speaking patients and families as a clinical challenge...
April 25, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444961/biodiversity-and-ecosystem-function-making-sense-of-numerous-species-interactions-in-multi-species-communities
#5
Caroline Brophy, Áine Dooley, Laura Kirwan, John A Finn, Jack McDonnell, Thomas Bell, Marc W Cadotte, John Connolly
Understanding the biodiversity and ecosystem function relationship can be challenging in species-rich ecosystems. Traditionally, species richness has been relied on heavily to explain changes in ecosystem function across diversity gradients. Diversity-Interactions models can test how ecosystem function is affected by species identity, species interactions and evenness, in addition to richness. However, in a species-rich system, there may be too many species interactions to allow estimation of each coefficient, and if all interaction coefficients are estimable, they may be devoid of any sensible biological meaning...
April 26, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444554/relationships-between-environmental-factors-and-participation-in-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury-stroke-and-spinal-cord-injury-a-cross-sectional-multi-center-study
#6
Alex W K Wong, Sheryl Ng, Jessica Dashner, M Carolyn Baum, Joy Hammel, Susan Magasi, Jin-Shei Lai, Noelle E Carlozzi, David S Tulsky, Ana Miskovic, Arielle Goldsmith, Allen W Heinemann
PURPOSE: To develop and evaluate a model of environmental factors-participation relationships for persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI), stroke, and spinal cord injury (SCI), and test whether this model differed across three diagnostic groups, as well as other demographic and clinical characteristics. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study included 545 community-dwelling adults with neurological disorders (TBI = 166; stroke = 189; SCI = 190) recruited at three academic medical centers...
April 25, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444521/leprosy-in-children
#7
REVIEW
Josafá Gonçalves Barreto, Marco Andrey Cipriani Frade, Fred Bernardes Filho, Moises Batista da Silva, John Stewart Spencer, Claudio Guedes Salgado
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This manuscript aims to review the cutting-edge developments regarding to the diagnosis, management, and prevention of leprosy in children. RECENT FINDINGS: Leprosy transmission still occurs continuously in some endemic areas in the world. Leprosy in children below 15 years old is a robust indicator of active source of infection in the community where they live. A special focus on children to reduce disabilities and reduce transmission is one of the core areas of interventions of the global leprosy strategy 2016-2020...
June 2017: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444197/understanding-the-linkages-between-social-safety-nets-and-childhood-violence-a-review-of-the-evidence-from-low-and-middle-income-countries
#8
Amber Peterman, Anastasia Naomi Neijhoft, Sarah Cook, Tia M Palermo
As many as one billion children experience violence every year, and household- and community-level poverty are among the risk factors for child protection violations. Social safety nets (SSNs) are a main policy tool to address poverty and vulnerability, and there is substantial evidence demonstrating positive effects on children's health and human capital. This paper reviews evidence and develops a framework to understand linkages between non-contributory SSNs and the experience of childhood emotional, physical and sexual violence in low- and middle-income countries...
April 22, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444008/from-guidelines-to-local-realities-evaluation-of-oral-rehydration-therapy-and-zinc-supplementation-in-guatemala
#9
Rachel Hall-Clifford, Roxanne Amerson
Objective: Diarrhea remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality for children in low- and middle-income countries throughout the Americas. The World Health Organization (WHO) has developed guidelines on incorporating zinc supplementation (ZS) with traditional oral rehydration therapy (ORT) in order to shorten the duration of diarrheal episodes and to reduce poor health outcomes. Guatemala adopted these guidelines in 2011, but they have not yet been fully implemented at the community level...
April 20, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443982/enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assay-for-diagnosis-of-amphimerus-spp-liver-fluke-infection-in-humans
#10
William Cevallos, Manuel Calvopiña, Victoria Nipáz, Belén Vicente-Santiago, Julio López-Albán, Pedro Fernández-Soto, Ángel Guevara, Antonio Muro
BACKGROUND: Amphimerus spp. is a liver fluke that infects humans and domestic animals. It is highly prevalent in some Ecuadorian communities. Currently, diagnosis is based on the microscopic observation of eggs in faeces, but this has variable sensitivity. More sensitive methods are needed for diagnostic testing. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this work was to develop an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using crude antigens from Amphimerus spp. adult worms to detect anti-Amphimerus IgG in human sera...
May 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443981/mapping-the-dengue-scientific-landscape-worldwide-a-bibliometric-and-network-analysis
#11
Fabio Batista Mota, Bruna de Paula Fonseca E Fonseca, Andréia Cristina Galina, Roseli Monteiro da Silva
BACKGROUND: Despite the current global trend of reduction in the morbidity and mortality of neglected diseases, dengue's incidence has increased and occurrence areas have expanded. Dengue also persists as a scientific and technological challenge since there is no effective treatment, vaccine, vector control or public health intervention. Combining bibliometrics and social network analysis methods can support the mapping of dengue research and development (R&D) activities worldwide. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to map the scientific scenario related to dengue research worldwide...
May 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443945/-sex-and-gender-equity-in-research-rationale-for-the-sager-guidelines-and-recommended-use
#12
Shirin Heidari, Thomas F Babor, Paola De Castro, Sera Tort, Mirjam Curno
BACKGROUND: Sex and gender differences are often overlooked in research design, study implementation and scientific reporting, as well as in general science communication. This oversight limits the generalizability of research findings and their applicability to clinical practice, in particular for women but also for men. This article describes the rationale for an international set of guidelines to encourage a more systematic approach to the reporting of sex and gender in research across disciplines...
April 20, 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443689/recent-achievements-in-tc-99m-radiopharmaceutical-direct-production-by-medical-cyclotrons
#13
Alessandra Boschi, Petra Martini, Micol Pasquali, Licia Uccelli
(99m)Tc is the most commonly used radionuclide in the field of diagnostic imaging, a noninvasive method intended to diagnose a disease, assess the disease state and monitor the effects of treatments. Annually, the use of (99m)Tc, covers about 85% of nuclear medicine applications. This isotope releases gamma rays at about the same wavelength as conventional X-ray diagnostic equipment, and owing to its short half-life (t½ = 6 hours) is ideal for diagnostic nuclear imaging. A patient can be injected with a small amount of (99m)Tc and within 24 hours almost 94% of the injected radionuclide would have decayed and left the body, limiting the patient's radiation exposure...
April 26, 2017: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443622/the-rudy-study-using-digital-technologies-to-enable-a-research-partnership
#14
Harriet J A Teare, Joanna Hogg, Jane Kaye, Raashid Luqmani, Elaine Rush, Alison Turner, Laura Watts, Melanie Williams, M Kassim Javaid
Patients have extensive experience of their disease that can enhance the design and execution of research leading to significant innovations and efficiencies in the research process. The research community on the whole have been slow to adopt practices that enable patients to become active partners in research. Digital technologies are providing the means to do this more easily and so are increasingly being used to interact with patients and involve them in the design and execution of research. The RUDY (Rare UK Diseases of bone, joints and blood vessels) study's pioneering approach applies a custom-developed electronic platform where patients can contribute information over time about their disease experience, lifestyle and clinical history...
April 26, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443342/catalyzing-implementation-of-evidence-based-interventions-in-safety-net-settings-a-clinical-community-partnership-in-south-los-angeles
#15
Denise D Payán, David C Sloane, Jacqueline Illum, Roberto B Vargas, Donzella Lee, Lark Galloway-Gilliam, LaVonna B Lewis
This study is a process evaluation of a clinical-community partnership that implemented evidence-based interventions in clinical safety net settings. Adoption and implementation of evidence-based interventions in these settings can help reduce health disparities by improving the quality of clinical preventive services in health care settings with underserved populations. A clinical-community partnership model is a possible avenue to catalyze adoption and implementation of interventions amid organizational barriers to change...
April 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443273/utilizing-the-plan-do-study-act-framework-to-explore-the-process-of-curricular-assessment-and-redesign-in-a-physical-therapy-education-program-in-suriname
#16
Jennifer Gail Audette, Se-Sergio Baldew, Tony C M S Chang, Jessica de Vries, Nancy Ho A Tham, Johanna Janssen, Andre Vyt
PURPOSE: To describe how a multinational team worked together to transition a physical therapy (PT) educational program in Paramaribo, Suriname, from a Bachelor level to a Master of Science in Physical Therapy (MSPT) level. The team was made up of PT faculty from Anton De Kom Universiteit van Suriname (AdeKUS), the Flemish Interuniversity Council University Development Cooperation (VLIR-UOS) leadership, and Health Volunteers Overseas volunteers. In this case study, the process for curricular assessment, redesign, and upgrade is described retrospectively using a Plan, Do, Study, Act (PDSA) framework...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443054/childbirth-induced-posttraumatic-stress-syndrome-a-systematic-review-of-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#17
REVIEW
Sharon Dekel, Caren Stuebe, Gabriella Dishy
Background: Posttraumatic stress related with the childbirth experience of full-term delivery with health outcomes has been recently documented in a growing body of studies. The magnitude of this condition and the factors that might put a woman at risk for developing childbirth-related postpartum posttraumatic stress disorder (PP-PTSD) symptoms are not fully understood. Methods: In this systematic review of 36 articles representing quantitative studies of primarily community samples, we set to examine PP-PTSD prevalence rates and associated predictors with a focus on the role of prior PTSD and time since childbirth...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442941/competency-based-tool-for-evaluation-of-community-based-training-in-undergraduate-medical-education-in-india-a-delphi-approach
#18
Hemant Deepak Shewade, Kathiresan Jeyashree, Selvaraj Kalaiselvi, Chinnakali Palanivel, Krishna Chandra Panigrahi
INTRODUCTION: A community-based training (CBT) program, where teaching and training are carried out in the community outside of the teaching hospital, is a vital part of undergraduate medical education. Worldwide, there is a shift to competency-based training, and CBT is no exception. We attempted to develop a tool that uses a competency-based approach for assessment of CBT. METHODS: Based on a review on competencies, we prepared a preliminary list of major domains with items under each domain...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442822/effects-of-implementing-international-association-of-diabetes-and-pregnancy-study-groups-gestational-diabetes-screening-on-pregnancy-outcomes-at-a-small-community-teaching-hospital
#19
Jody M Gerome, Lucy K M Bucher, Godwin Dogbey
IN BRIEF Traditional methods of screening for and diagnosing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have been challenged, leading to the development of new screening guidelines by the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG). This study is a retrospective comparison of pregnancy outcomes based on the Carpenter and Coustan (CC) and IADPSG screening guidelines. It demonstrates that adoption of IADPSG guidelines increased the rate of GDM diagnosis and resulted in more women with diet-controlled GDM...
April 2017: Clinical Diabetes: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442456/the-malaria-system-microapp-a-new-mobile-device-based-tool-for-malaria-diagnosis
#20
Allisson Dantas Oliveira, Clara Prats, Mateu Espasa, Francesc Zarzuela Serrat, Cristina Montañola Sales, Aroa Silgado, Daniel Lopez Codina, Mercia Eliane Arruda, Jordi Gomez I Prat, Jones Albuquerque
BACKGROUND: Malaria is a public health problem that affects remote areas worldwide. Climate change has contributed to the problem by allowing for the survival of Anopheles in previously uninhabited areas. As such, several groups have made developing news systems for the automated diagnosis of malaria a priority. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a new, automated, mobile device-based diagnostic system for malaria. The system uses Giemsa-stained peripheral blood samples combined with light microscopy to identify the Plasmodium falciparum species in the ring stage of development...
April 25, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
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