keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

SIT

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334710/-a-study-on-genotype-of-271-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-isolates-in-6-prefectures-in-yunnan-province
#1
L Y Chen, X Yang, H H Ru, H J Yang, S Q Yan, L Ma, J O Chen, R Yang, L Xu
Objective: To understand the characteristics of genotypes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in Yunnan province, and provide the molecular epidemiological evidence for prevention and control of tuberculosis in Yunnan Province. Methods: Mycobacterium Tuberculosis isolates were collected from 6 prefectures of Yunnan province in 2014 and their Genetypes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates were obtained using spoligotyping and multiple locus variable numbers of tandem repeats analysis (MLVA). The results of spoligotyping were entered into the SITVITWEB database to obtain the Spoligotyping International Type (SIT) patterns and the sublineages of MTB isolates...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333061/critical-appraisal-of-rome-iv-criteria-hypersensitive-esophagus-does-belong-to-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-spectrum
#2
REVIEW
Leonardo Frazzoni, Marzio Frazzoni, Nicola de Bortoli, Salvatore Tolone, Irene Martinucci, Lorenzo Fuccio, Vincenzo Savarino, Edoardo Savarino
The Rome IV Committee introduced a major change in the classification of functional gastrointestinal disorders, proposing a more restrictive definition of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). It was suggested that hypersensitive esophagus (HE) may sit more firmly within the functional realm. It was suggested that GERD diagnosis should be based upon abnormal acid exposure time (AET) only, implying no advantage of impedance-pH over pH monitoring. Symptom association probability (SAP), symptom index (SI) and heartburn relief with proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy were regarded as unreliable, whereas a lack of response to PPI was considered as evidence of functional heartburn...
January 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332008/leg-stereotypy-syndrome-phenomenology-and-prevalence
#3
Mitesh Lotia, Michele K York, Adriana M Strutt, Joseph Jankovic
OBJECTIVES: To describe the phenomenology and prevalence of leg stereotypy syndrome (LSS), characterised chiefly by repetitive, rhythmical, stereotypic leg movement, especially when sitting. METHODS: We sought to characterise LSS in two groups of subjects: (1) general population (GP) group, defined as individuals accompanying patients during their visits to Baylor College of Medicine Parkinson's Disease Center and Movement Disorders Clinic who are not genetically related to the patients; and (2) movement disorders (MD) group, composed of consecutive patients with diagnoses of restless legs syndrome, Parkinson's disease, Tourette syndrome and tardive dyskinesia...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331992/effectiveness-of-interventions-for-reducing-non-occupational-sedentary-behaviour-in-adults-and-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Nipun Shrestha, Jozo Grgic, Glen Wiesner, Alexandra Parker, Hrvoje Podnar, Jason A Bennie, Stuart J H Biddle, Zeljko Pedisic
BACKGROUND: No systematic reviews of the effectiveness of interventions for reducing non-occupational sedentary behaviour are available. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of interventions for reducing non-occupational sedentary behaviour in adults and older adults. METHODS: An electronic search of nine databases was performed. Randomised controlled trials (RCT) and cluster RCTs among adults testing the effectiveness of interventions aimed to reduce non-occupational sedentary behaviour were considered for inclusion...
January 13, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330230/reducing-sedentary-behaviour-to-decrease-chronic-low-back-pain-the-stand-back-randomised-trial
#5
Bethany Barone Gibbs, Andrea L Hergenroeder, Sophy J Perdomo, Robert J Kowalsky, Anthony Delitto, John M Jakicic
OBJECTIVE: The Stand Back study evaluated the feasibility and effects of a multicomponent intervention targeting reduced prolonged sitting and pain self-management in desk workers with chronic low back pain (LBP). METHODS: This randomised controlled trial recruited 27 individuals with chronic LBP, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) >10% and desk jobs (sitting ≥20 hours/week). Participants were randomised within strata of ODI (>10%-<20%, ≥20%) to receive bimonthly behavioural counselling (in-person and telephone), a sit-stand desk attachment, a wrist-worn activity-prompting device and cognitive behavioural therapy for LBP self-management or control...
January 12, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329670/motor-skill-interventions-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Jane J Yu, Cindy H P Sit, Angus F Burnett
OBJECTIVES: To determine the characteristics and effectiveness of motor skill interventions in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and to identify potential moderators of training effects using meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: A search was conducted in six databases (CINAHL Plus, Cochrane Library, Embase, Eric, PsycInfo, and PubMed) for papers published between 1995 and August 2017 using search items which were grouped in three components (motor skill interventions, DCD, and age group of interest)...
January 9, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329529/resilience-and-well-being-of-university-nursing-students-in-hong-kong-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Ka Ming Chow, Wing Ki Fiona Tang, Wing Han Carmen Chan, Wing Hung Janet Sit, Kai Chow Choi, Sally Chan
BACKGROUND: University nursing students experience higher levels of academic stress than those of other disciplines. Academic stress leads to psychological distress and has detrimental effects on well-being. The ability to overcome such adversity and learn to be stronger from the experience is regarded as resilience. Resilience is found to have an impact on learning experience, academic performance, course completion and, in the longer term, professional practice. Resilience and positive coping strategies can resist stress and improve personal well-being...
January 12, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329261/sitting-posture-monitoring-system-based-on-a-low-cost-load-cell-using-machine-learning
#8
Jongryun Roh, Hyeong-Jun Park, Kwang Jin Lee, Joonho Hyeong, Sayup Kim, Boreom Lee
Sitting posture monitoring systems (SPMSs) help assess the posture of a seated person in real-time and improve sitting posture. To date, SPMS studies reported have required many sensors mounted on the backrest plate and seat plate of a chair. The present study, therefore, developed a system that measures a total of six sitting postures including the posture that applied a load to the backrest plate, with four load cells mounted only on the seat plate. Various machine learning algorithms were applied to the body weight ratio measured by the developed SPMS to identify the method that most accurately classified the actual sitting posture of the seated person...
January 12, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329105/daily-sitting-time-associated-with-the-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-adolescents
#9
Ki Nam Bae, Hye Ryun Kim, Young-Jun Rhie, Kee-Hyoung Lee, Hyo-Kyoung Nam
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between daily sitting time and the risk of metabolic syndrome in Korean adolescents. METHODS: Data from 486 adolescents aged 12-18 years were obtained from national surveys. Daily sitting time was measured using questionnaires and divided into three intervals: <8 h; 8-12 h; and ≥12 h. RESULTS: The mean daily sitting time and prevalence of positive metabolic components were 620...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328655/identification-of-novel-coumestan-derivatives-as-polyketide-synthase-13-inhibitors-against-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#10
Wei Zhang, Shichun Lun, Shu-Huan Wang, Xingwu Jiang, Fan Yang, Jie Tang, Abigail L Manson, Ashlee M Earl, Hendra Gunosewoyo, William R Bishai, Li-Fang Yu
Inhibition of the mycolic acid pathway has proven a viable strategy in antitubercular drug discovery. The AccA3/AccD4/FadD32/Pks13 complex of Mycobacterium tuberculosis constitutes an essential biosynthetic mechanism for mycolic acids. Small molecules targeting the thioesterase domain of Pks13 have been reported, including a benzofuran-based compound, whose X-ray co-crystal structure has been very recently solved. Its initial inactivity in a serum inhibition titration (SIT) assay led us to further probe other structurally-related benzofurans with the aim to improve their potency and bioavailability...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327599/motor-skills-cognition-and-work-performance-of-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#11
Lena Lipskaya-Velikovsky, Dikla Elgerisi, Adam Easterbrook, Navah Z Ratzon
PURPOSE: Employment offers many benefits to people with mental illness, yet their employment rate is much lower than that of the general population. We investigated the effect of work-related motor skills, neurocognition, and job attitudes on the work performance of people with mental illness, comparing those working in sheltered workshops, with controls working in similar jobs. METHODS: Twenty-nine adults with severe mental illness and 27 controls matched by gender and age were enrolled into the study using convenience sampling...
January 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327335/classification-and-characterization-of-postural-transitions-using-instrumented-shoes
#12
Christopher Moufawad El Achkar, Constanze Lenbole-Hoskovec, Anisoara Paraschiv-Ionescu, Kristof Major, Kamiar Aminian, Christophe Büla
The frequency and quality of sit-to-stand and stand-to-sit postural transitions decrease with age and are highly relevant for fall risk assessment. Accurate classification and characterization of these transitions in daily life of older adults are therefore needed. In this study, we propose to use instrumented shoes for postural transition classification as well as transition duration estimation from insole force signals. In the first part, data were collected with 10 older adults and 10 young participants performing transitions in the laboratory while wearing the instrumented shoes, without arm assistance...
January 12, 2018: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326896/relationship-between-sitting-volleyball-performance-and-field-fitness-of-sitting-volleyball-players-in-korea
#13
Bogja Jeoung
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between sitting volleyball performance and the field fitness of sitting volleyball players. Forty-five elite sitting volleyball players participated in 10 field fitness tests. Additionally, the players' head coach and coach assessed their volleyball performance (receive and defense, block, attack, and serve). Data were analyzed with SPSS software version 21 by using correlation and regression analyses, and the significance level was set at P< 0.05...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326895/effects-of-walking-with-hand-held-weights-on-energy-expenditure-and-excess-postexercise-oxygen-consumption
#14
Catherine T Campaña, Pablo B Costa
Walking is not only important to assist in performing daily tasks, but also to gain cardiovascular benefits. Further research on walking is needed to examine the physiological responses to improve health and reduce the risks of cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to compare the energy expenditure (EE) during and after walking exercise with versus without hand-held weights (HHW). Nineteen sedentary women (mean±standard deviation; age, 21±2.7 years, height, 163.1±6.3 cm; body mass, 66.6± 15...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326817/seating-in-aged-care-physical-fit-independence-and-comfort
#15
Alethea Blackler, Claire Brophy, Maria O'Reilly, Marianella Chamorro-Koc
Objectives: This research was intended to provide a greater understanding of the context and needs of aged care seating, specifically:To conduct an audit of typical chairs used in aged care facilities;To collect data about resident and staff experiences and behaviour around chairs in order to gain a deeper understanding of the exact issues that residents and staff have with the chairs they use at aged care facilities;To identify positive and negative issues influencing use of chairs in aged care facilities;To deliver evidence-based recommendations for the design of chairs for aged care facilities...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326497/is-the-modified-harris-hip-score-valid-and-responsive-instrument-for-outcome-assessment-in-the-indian-population-with-pertrochanteric-fractures
#16
Karthik Vishwanathan, Keyur Akbari, Amit J Patel
Introduction: The original Harris hip score (HHS) does not contain ability to perform squatting and sitting cross legged as items in the questionnaire and hence a need was felt to modify the Harris hip score so that it could stay relevant in functional assessment of Indian patients in the rural setting. Validity, responsiveness and ceiling floor effect of the Harris hip score after internal fixation of pertrochanteric fracture has not been previously described. The objective of the study was to investigate construct validity, responsiveness and ceiling floor effects of the modified Harris hip score (mHHS)...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325794/association-of-posture-and-ambulation-with-function-at-30-days-post-hospital-discharge-in-older-adults-with-heart-failure
#17
Theresa A Floegel, Jared M Dickinson, Cheryl DerAnanian, Marianne McCarthy, Steven P Hooker, Matthew P Buman
PURPOSE: To investigate the predictive value of in-hospital posture and ambulatory activity for 30-d following discharge on functional status in older patients with heart failure. METHODS: Prospective observational pilot study of 27 patients (78 ± 9.8yrs; 51.8% female) admitted with heart failure. Participants wore two inclinometric accelerometers to record posture in-hospital, and an ankle accelerometer to record ambulatory activity in-hospital and 30 days after discharge...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325537/factors-associated-with-the-prevalence-of-back-pain-and-work-absence-in-shipyard-workers
#18
Seiji Watanabe, Toshiaki Takahashi, Jun Takeba, Hiromasa Miura
BACKGROUND: We conducted a questionnaire survey of shipyard workers to identify difficulties experienced due to orthopedic or musculoskeletal disorders. METHODS: The subjects were 375 workers (male, 361; female, 14) who worked for a single shipbuilding company. Questionnaire items covered the working environment, including work environment, working posture, and the weight of objects that the subject dealt with, as well as physical and lifestyle characteristics, namely smoking habits, drinking habits, sleeping hours, medications, exercise habits, and any weight gain of 20 kg or more since the age of 20...
January 11, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325515/safer-chairs-for-elderly-patients-design-evaluation-using-electromyography-and-force-measurement
#19
Shabboo Valipoor, Debajyoti Pati, Matt S Stock, Doug Bazuin
A vast majority of patient fall events in hospitals involve the elderly. In inpatient care settings, despite the risk of fall, patients are encouraged to leave their bed, move around their room, and sit on their chair to progress in their healing. Despite the vital role of patient chair design in improving recovery, few studies have examined the ergonomic requirements of safe patient chairs. This study examined the impact of manipulating horizontal and vertical positions of armrests in a test chair on required physical effort during Stand-to-Sit-to-Stand (St-Si-St) transitions among fifteen elderly women...
January 11, 2018: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324296/inertial-sensing-of-the-motion-speed-effect-on-the-sit-to-walk-activity
#20
Nikolaos Kondilopoulos, Elissavet N Rousanoglou, Konstantinos D Boudolos
The STW execution at motion speed faster than normal most possibly enhances the risk for balance loss due to the increase in body segment accelerations. The purpose of the study was to use inertial sensing to examine the effect of motion speed on the STW segmental kinematics and its temporal events. Eighteen young men (20.7 ± 2.0 years) performed STW trials at preferred (PS) and fast (FS) motion speed. Data were collected with Xsens inertial sensors positioned at the trunk, thigh, shank, and foot segments...
January 4, 2018: Gait & Posture
keyword
keyword
797
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"