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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110519/examining-the-nutritional-quality-of-food-and-beverage-consumed-at-melbourne-aquatic-and-recreation-centres
#1
Tara Boelsen-Robinson, Alexandra Chung, Marianne Khalil, Evelyn Wong, Ariana Kurzeme, Anna Peeters
OBJECTIVE: Examine the nutritional quality of food and beverages consumed across a sample of community aquatic and recreation centres in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. METHODS: Interviewer-administered surveys of randomly selected patrons attending four aquatic and recreation centres were conducted to ascertain food and beverage items consumed over two data collection periods (May-June 2014, January-February 2015). We selected centres in and around metropolitan Melbourne with a sit-down cafeteria and children's swimming classes...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109122/bleeding-in-the-retroperitoneal-space-under-the-broad-ligament-as-a-result-of-uterine-perforation-after-dilatation-and-curettage-report-of-a-case
#2
Hisato Tokuda, Satoshi Nakago, Hiroki Kato, Tetsuya Oishi, Fumikazu Kotsuji
Uterine perforation, a complication of dilation and curettage, is typically recognized immediately after the procedure by clinical symptoms of peritoneal irritation resulting from intraperitoneal bleeding. Our patient complained of having an uncomfortable feeling, slight dizziness, palpitation in the sitting position and abdominal discomfort but did not show signs of peritoneal irritation 24 h after dilation and curettage. However, she suddenly complained of abdominal pain. Tenderness and rebound tenderness were detected at the lower abdominal wall...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107078/measurement-of-tear-production-and-intraocular-pressure-in-healthy-captive-helmeted-guinea-fowl-numida-meleagris
#3
Seyed Mehdi Rajaei, Maneli Ansari Mood, Seyed Sohail Ghazanfari Hashemi Dvm
We establish reference values of tear production by the phenol red thread test (PRTT) and intraocular pressure (IOP) by rebound tonometry in helmeted guinea fowl ( Numida meleagris ). Aqueous tear production and IOP were measured in 44 (22 males, 22 females) clinically normal captive helmeted guinea fowl. Birds were gently physically restrained in the sitting position without any pressure to the head or neck. In each bird, aqueous tear production was measured by placing phenol red threads in the superior conjunctival fornix, and IOP was measured by using a Tonovet rebound tonometer...
December 2016: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106781/family-food-providers-perceptions-of-the-causes-of-obesity-and-effectiveness-of-weight-control-strategies-in-five-countries-in-the-asia-pacific-region-a-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Anthony Worsley, Wei Wang, Rani Sarmugam, Quynh Pham, Judhiastuty Februhartanty, Stacey Ridley
The rise of the middle classes in developing countries and the associated epidemiological transition raises the importance of assessing this population group's awareness of the causes of obesity and effective weight control strategies in order to develop effective health promotion strategies. The study aimed to examine the perceptions of the causes of obesity and weight control strategies held by middle class household food providers in Melbourne, Singapore, Shanghai, Indonesia and Vietnam. An online survey was conducted in late 2013, early 2014 among 3945 respondents...
January 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106106/serous-tubal-intraepithelial-neoplasia-the-concept-and-its-application
#5
REVIEW
Emily E K Meserve, Jan Brouwer, Christopher P Crum
In recent years it has become clear that many extra-uterine (pelvic) high-grade serous carcinomas (serous carcinomas) are preceded by a precursor lesion in the distal fallopian tube. Precursors range from small self-limited 'p53 signatures' to expansile serous tubal intraepithelial neoplasms that include both serous tubal epithelial proliferations (or lesions) of uncertain significance and serous tubal intraepithelial carcinomas. These precursors can be considered from three perspectives. The first is biologic underpinnings, which are multifactorial, and include the intersection of DNA damage with Tp53 mutations and disturbances in transcriptional regulation that increase with age...
January 20, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105965/genetic-and-environmental-basis-in-phenotype-correlation-between-physical-function-and-cognition-in-aging-chinese-twins
#6
Chunsheng Xu, Dongfeng Zhang, Xiaocao Tian, Yili Wu, Zengchang Pang, Shuxia Li, Qihua Tan
Although the correlation between cognition and physical function has been well studied in the general population, the genetic and environmental nature of the correlation has been rarely investigated. We conducted a classical twin analysis on cognitive and physical function, including forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), handgrip strength, five-times-sit-to-stand test (FTSST), near visual acuity, and number of teeth lost in 379 complete twin pairs. Bivariate twin models were fitted to estimate the genetic and environmental correlation between physical and cognitive function...
February 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105962/genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-pulmonary-function-and-muscle-strength-the-chinese-twin-study-of-aging
#7
Xiaocao Tian, Chunsheng Xu, Yili Wu, Jianping Sun, Haiping Duan, Dongfeng Zhang, Baofa Jiang, Zengchang Pang, Shuxia Li, Qihua Tan
Genetic and environmental influences on predictors of decline in daily functioning, including forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), handgrip, and five-times-sit-to-stand test (FTSST), have not been addressed in the aging Chinese population. We performed classical twin modeling on FEV1, FVC, handgrip, and FTSST in 379 twin pairs (240 MZ and 139 DZ) with median age of 50 years (40-80 years). Data were analyzed by fitting univariate and bivariate twin models to estimate the genetic and environmental influences on these measures of physical function...
February 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103500/thoracoscopic-surgery-in-the-prone-position-for-esophageal-cancer-in-patients-with-situs-inversus-totalis-a-report-of-two-cases
#8
Toru Nakano, Takashi Kamei, Yu Onodera, Naoto Ujiie, Noriaki Ohuchi
INTRODUCTION: Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a rare congenital condition characterized by a complete transposition of thoracic and abdominal organs. Here, we present two successful cases of left thoracoscopic esophagectomy in the prone position for SIT-associated esophageal cancer. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Our first case was of an 82-year-old man who underwent a left thoracoscopic esophagectomy in the prone position, followed by hand-assisted laparoscopic gastric mobilization...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101372/lessons-i-have-learned-from-my-patients-everyday-life-with-primary-orthostatic-tremor
#9
Marie Vidailhet, Emmanuel Roze, Lucie Maugest, Cécile Gallea
BACKGROUND: Primary orthostatic tremor is a rare disorder that is still under-diagnosed or misdiagnosed. Motor symptoms are fairly characteristics but the real impact on the patient's every day life and quality of life is under-estimated. The "how my patients taught me" format describes the impact on the patients' every day life with their own words, which is rarely done. CASE PRESENTATION: A 46 year old lady was diagnosed primary orthostatic tremor (POT) based on the cardinal symptoms: feelings of instability, leg tremor and fear of falling in the standing position, improvement with walking and disappearance while sitting, frequency of Tremor in the 13-18Hz range, normal neurological examination...
2017: Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100183/short-term-blood-pressure-variability-variation-between-arm-side-body-position-and-successive-measurements-a-population-based-cohort-study
#10
Maria Elena Lacruz, Alexander Kluttig, Oliver Kuss, Daniel Tiller, Daniel Medenwald, Sebastian Nuding, Karin Halina Greiser, Stefan Frantz, Johannes Haerting
BACKGROUND: Precise blood pressure (BP) measurements are central for the diagnosis of hypertension in clinical and epidemiological studies. The purpose of this study was to quantify the variability in BP associated with arm side, body position, and successive measurements in the setting of a population-based observational study. Additionally, we aimed to evaluate the influence of different measurement conditions on prevalence of hypertension. METHODS: The sample included 967 men and 812 women aged 45 to 83 years at baseline...
January 18, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100099/a-user-centered-qualitative-study-on-experiences-with-ankle-foot-orthoses-and-suggestions-for-improved-design
#11
Dymphy van der Wilk, Juha Markus Hijmans, Klaas Postema, Gijsbertus Jacob Verkerke
BACKGROUND: Improving ankle-foot orthosis design can best be done by implementing a user-centered approach. OBJECTIVE: To provide insight into the ideas of ankle-foot orthosis users with flaccid ankle muscle paresis on the importance of activities and suggestions for an improved ankle-foot orthosis design. STUDY DESIGN: A focus-group discussion with eight ankle-foot orthosis users (57 ± 5 years, 50% female). METHODS: Main inclusion criteria were as follows: ⩾18 years, unable to stand on tip-toe and unable to lift toes...
January 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099504/direction-specific-impairments-in-cervical-range-of-motion-in-women-with-chronic-neck-pain-influence-of-head-posture-and-gravitationally-induced-torque
#12
Thomas Rudolfsson, Martin Björklund, Åsa Svedmark, Divya Srinivasan, Mats Djupsjöbacka
BACKGROUND: Cervical range of motion (ROM) is commonly assessed in clinical practice and research. In a previous study we decomposed active cervical sagittal ROM into contributions from lower and upper levels of the cervical spine and found level- and direction-specific impairments in women with chronic non-specific neck pain. The present study aimed to validate these results and investigate if the specific impairments can be explained by the neutral posture (defining zero flexion/extension) or a movement strategy to avoid large gravitationally induced torques on the cervical spine...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098836/association-of-school-environment-and-after-school-physical-activity-with-health-related-physical-fitness-among-junior-high-school-students-in-taiwan
#13
Kai-Yang Lo, Min-Chen Wu, Shu-Chin Tung, City C Hsieh, Hsueh-Hua Yao, Chien-Chang Ho
The relationship between students' school environment and exercise habits is complex, and is affected by numerous factors. However, the few studies that have been conducted on this relationship have reported inconsistent results, especially regarding Taiwanese students. We conducted this cross-sectional study to investigate the association of school environment and after-school physical activity with health-related physical fitness in Taiwanese adolescents. Data were drawn from a national survey conducted by the Ministry of Education in Taiwan in 2008 of health-related physical fitness measurements among junior high school students (649,442 total) in grades seven to nine...
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098121/perspectives-on-hypertension-outcomes-after-single-stage-clearance-of-a-complete-staghorn-renal-calculus
#14
Ranjit Chaudhary, Kulwant Singh, Chirag S Dausage, Nidhi Jain
A 55-year-old male presented, in June 2013, with left flank pain. Investigations revealed a complete staghorn stone. He had undergone two sittings of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) in 2008 for left renal stone. One year subsequent to this, he was diagnosed with hypertension and diabetes. The management of complete staghorn stones in a single sitting is a difficult proposition. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is the gold standard to manage such stones. The patient was subjected to PCNL, and complete clearance was achieved in one sitting...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098010/safe-staffing-is-more-than-a-numbers-game
#15
Jane Bates
Nothing gives a worse impression to the public than a nurse sitting at a desk, tapping away, when he or she should be at the bedside with patients.
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097980/student-life-how-to-ace-an-exam
#16
Kathy Oxtoby
As a nursing student, you can expect to sit exams in anything from anatomy and physiology to numeracy and medicine management, and it's important not to let nerves get the better of you.
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097803/regulation-of-mrna-following-brain-ischemia-and-reperfusion
#17
REVIEW
Donald J DeGracia
There is growing appreciation that mRNA regulation plays important roles in disease and injury. mRNA regulation and ribonomics occur in brain ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) following stroke and cardiac arrest and resuscitation. It was recognized over 40 years ago that translation arrest (TA) accompanies brain I/R and is now recognized as part of the intrinsic stress responses triggered in neurons. However, neuron death correlates to a prolonged TA in cells fated to undergo delayed neuronal death (DND). Dysfunction of mRNA regulatory processes in cells fated to DND prevents them from translating stress-induced mRNAs such as heat shock proteins...
January 17, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. RNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096324/totally-laparoscopic-liver-resection-for-colorectal-metastasis-located-in-segment-7-in-a-patient-with-situs-inversus-totalis
#18
Antonio Giuliani, Paolo Bianco, Germano Guerra, Aldo Rocca, Fulvio Calise
Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a congenital condition consisting of a mirror image of transposition of the abdominal and thoracic organs occurring in about 1:5000 to 1:10 000 adults. We report on a 60-year-old male with a single colorectal liver metastasis in the Segment 7. The patients underwent a totally laparoscopic sub-segmentectomy. Intraoperative approach on a reverse posterior segment was difficult because of left-sided position of the liver. Postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged after 5 days...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096255/sheppheartcabg-trial-comprehensive-early-rehabilitation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#19
Ida Elisabeth Højskov, Philip Moons, Niels Viggo Hansen, Søren La Cour, Peter Skov Olsen, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jane Lindschou, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Ingrid Egerod, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery often experience a range of symptoms. Studies indicate that non-pharmacological interventions such as exercise training and psychoeducation have a positive physiological and psychological effect in early outpatient rehabilitation. The SheppHeartCABG trial will investigate the effect of early comprehensive rehabilitation in early phase rehabilitation versus usual care. The aim of this paper is to present the protocol for the SheppHeartCABG trial...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096027/work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-primary-health-care-nurses
#20
Tânia Ribeiro, Florentino Serranheira, Helena Loureiro
BACKGROUND: Work related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) constitute a serious occupational health problem among registered nurses (RN) all around the world. Its prevalence is mainly associated with nurses' high physical demands that still remain poorly studied in primary health care (PHC). PURPOSE: To describe nurses' self-reported symptoms of WRMSDs (mainly discomfort and pain) in PHC, featuring the main work tasks that may have risk factors for its development...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
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