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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024796/brief-standing-desk-intervention-to-reduce-sedentary-behavior-at-a-physical-activity-conference-in-2016
#1
Jason J Wilson, Deepti Adlakha, Conor Cunningham, Paul Best, Chris R Cardwell, Aoife Stephenson, Marie H Murphy, Mark A Tully
OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of environmental restructuring on attendees at a physical activity conference when provided with standing tables and given point-of-decision prompts (PODPs; e.g., health messages). METHODS: This randomized controlled trial took place at the Health-Enhancing Physical Activity Europe 2016 conference in Belfast, United Kingdom, September 2016. We randomly allocated 14 oral sessions to either the intervention group (standing tables + PODPs; n = 7) or the control group (PODPs only; n = 7)...
July 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30023408/can-different-seating-aids-influence-a-sitting-posture-in-healthy-individuals-and-does-gender-matter
#2
Liba Sheeran, Rebecca Hemming, Robert van Deursen, Valerie Sparkes
This study determined differences in spinal-pelvic kinematics sitting on (i) mat (ii) block and (iii) novel 10º forward inclined wedge (ButtaflyTM ) in a same-subject repeated measures cross-over design in 60 healthy individuals (34 females). Repeated measures ANOVA revealed statistically significant differences between sitting conditions and lumbar and pelvic sagittal angles. Both, the inclined wedge and the block seating aids reduced overall flexion, but the inclined wedge had a greater influence in the lumbar region whilst the block induced the greatest change in the pelvis...
2018: Cogent engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022706/darling-get-closer-to-me-spatial-proximity-amplifies-interpersonal-liking
#3
Ji-Eun Shin, Eunkook M Suh, Norman P Li, Kangyong Eo, Sang Chul Chong, Ming-Hong Tsai
Does close distance increase liking for a social object? In a preliminary sociogram task, an association between proximity and intimacy was found in drawings of self and others. In three experimental studies, male participants consistently preferred female targets who were (actually or appeared to be) close than far from them. Distance was manipulated through various means-sitting distance (Study 2), presenting two facial images separately to each eye by a stereoscopic device (Study 3), or a video clip (Study 4)...
July 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021918/gaba-and-hallucinations-in-parkinson-disease-who-is-that-sitting-on-my-chair
#4
EDITORIAL
Marco Onofrj, Gordon J Gilbert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020982/lateral-movement-of-the-saddle-relative-to-the-equine-spine-in-rising-and-sitting-trot-on-a-treadmill
#5
A Byström, L Roepstorff, M Rhodin, F Serra Bragança, M T Engell, E Hernlund, E Persson-Sjödin, R van Weeren, M A Weishaupt, A Egenvall
Saddle slip, defined as a progressive lateral displacement of the saddle during ridden exercise, has recently been given attention in the scientific press as a potential sign of lameness. The aim of this study was to objectively quantify the normal lateral movement (oscillations) of the saddle relative to the horse in non-lame horses, and associate this movement to the movements of the horse and rider. Data from seven Warmblood dressage horses competing at Grand Prix (n = 6) or FEI Intermediate (n = 1) level, ridden by their usual riders, were used...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020487/aldosterone-suppression-by-dexamethasone-in-patients-with-kcnj5-mutated-aldosterone-producing-adenoma
#6
Kosuke Inoue, Yuto Yamazaki, Takumi Kitamoto, Rei Hirose, Jun Saito, Masao Omura, Hironobu Sasano, Tetsuo Nishikawa
Context: Aldosterone biosynthesis is principally regulated by adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and gene mutations as well as angiotensin II and serum potassium. In addition, previous studies have reported the potential effects of KCNJ5 mutations in aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) on cardiovascular diseases. However, the responsiveness to ACTH in APA according to KCNJ5 mutations has remained unknown. Objective: To investigate the KCNJ5 genotype-specific differences in the aldosterone biosynthesis in response to ACTH stimulation...
July 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020419/increased-resting-heart-rate-on-electrocardiogram-relative-to-in-office-pulse-rate-indicates-cardiac-overload-the-j-hop-study
#7
Yusuke Oba, Satoshi Hoshide, Tomoyuki Kabutoya, Kazuomi Kario
BACKGROUND: Heart rate (HR) assessed by electrocardiogram (ECG-HR) and pulse rate (PR) measured in a physician's office (office-PR) are taken with subjects in different body positions-i.e., supine vs. sitting. Although analysis of HR differences according to body position could provide new practical insights, there have been few studies on the subject. We herein investigated whether the difference between office-PR and ECG-HR (delta HR) was associated with brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels and left ventricular mass (LVM)...
July 17, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020053/local-pressure-application-effects-on-neurological-and-circulatory-function
#8
Kenneth E Games, Joni M Lakin, John C Quindry, Wendi H Weimar, JoEllen M Sefton
BACKGROUND: Pain and discomfort reported during sitting is a significant problem for aviators during prolonged missions. Previous work has determined that areas of local pressure exist during prolonged sitting in UH-60 seat systems; however, no work has examined the effects of this local pressure on measures of neurological and circulatory function. METHODS: A total of 30 healthy subjects completed the study in which focal pressure was applied in three conditions (no pressure, pressure to the ischial tuberosity, and pressure to the posterior thigh)...
August 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019198/students-alcohol-use-sexual-behaviors-and-contraceptive-use-while-studying-abroad
#9
Tiffany L Marcantonio, Kristen N Jozkowski, D J Angelone, Meredith Joppa
College study abroad students may represent a subgroup at risk for increased alcohol use and sexual activity while traveling. The present study explored student's alcohol use, sexual activity, and the interrelationship between the two while abroad. A sample of 372 students (Mage abroad = 20, SD = 3.3, 68% women) who had traveled abroad in the past 3 years were recruited from a large, southern university. Students completed an online survey of demographics, alcohol use, sexual behaviors, and contraceptive use...
July 17, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018934/effect-of-circuit-training-on-body-composition-physical-fitness-and-metabolic-syndrome-risk-factors-in-obese-female-college-students
#10
Ji-Woon Kim, Yeong-Chan Ko, Tae-Beom Seo, Young-Pyo Kim
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a 12-week circuit training program on health-related physical fitness and metabolic syndrome risk factors in obese female college students. Twenty subjects with over 30% of accumulated body fat voluntarily participated and were randomly allocated to the control group (n=10) or circuit training group (n=10). The circuit training program consisted of 10 types of resistance and aerobic exercise and was performed 3 times per week for 12 weeks. Health-related physical fitness and metabolic syndrome risk factors were analyzed to elucidate the effect of the circuit training...
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018917/relationship-between-attention-and-balance-a-dual-task-condition-study-in-children
#11
Vanesa Abuin-Porras, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Carmen Jiménez-Antona, Antonio Palacios, Beatriz Martínez-Pascual, Isabel Rodríguez-Costa
This study explored the relationship between motor functions and attention in children aged 4-5 years. A sample of 85 children was collected from a primary school (44 boys and 41 girls). We applied a standardized continuous attention performance test, the Kiddie Continuous Performance Test, under two conditions (sitting and balancing). Data were collected from two standardized balance tests, the Battelle and Pediatric Balance Scale. There was a significant relationship between attention and balance and gender differences that may condition the way to address balance issues in boys and girls...
June 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018805/recovery-after-unilateral-knee-replacement-due-to-severe-osteoarthritis-and-progression-in-the-contralateral-knee-a-randomised-clinical-trial-comparing-daily-2000-iu-versus-800-iu-vitamin-d
#12
Heike A Bischoff-Ferrari, E John Orav, Andreas Egli, Bess Dawson-Hughes, Karina Fischer, Hannes B Staehelin, Rene Rizzoli, Juerg Hodler, Arnold von Eckardstein, Gregor Freystaetter, Ursina Meyer, Thomas Guggi, Peter Burckhardt, Simeon Schietzel, Patricia Chocano-Bedoya, Robert Theiler, Walter C Willett, David Felson
Objective: To test whether daily high-dose vitamin D improves recovery after unilateral total knee replacement. Methods: Data come from a 24-month randomised, double-blind clinical trial. Adults aged 60 and older undergoing unilateral joint replacement due to severe knee osteoarthritis were 6-8 weeks after surgery randomly assigned to receive daily high-dose (2000 IU) or standard-dose (800 IU) vitamin D3 . The primary endpoints were symptoms (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index pain and function scores) assessed at baseline, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months in both knees, and the rate of falls over 24 months...
2018: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018793/musculoskeletal-pain-and-its-association-with-maturity-and-sports-performance-in-14-year-old-sport-school-students
#13
Julia S Malmborg, M Charlotte Olsson, Stefan Bergman, Ann Bremander
Objectives: In youth sports, musculoskeletal pain is often studied from the standpoint of sports injuries, but little is known about pain conditions in which athletes still participate. The aim was to study the frequency of pain and associations with maturity offset, health status and sports performance in 14-year-old sport school students. Methods: Cross-sectional design. One hundred and seventy-eight students (108 boys and 70 girls) completed anthropometric measures for maturity offset (height, weight and sitting height), questionnaires (pain mannequin and EQ-5D for health status) and sports performance tests (sprint, agility, counter-movement jump and grip strength)...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018789/effects-of-a-novel-exercise-training-protocol-of-wingate-based-sprint-bouts-dispersed-over-a-day-on-selected-cardiometabolic-health-markers-in-sedentary-females-a-pilot-study
#14
Boon Hor Ho, Ivy Lim, Roger Tian, Frankie Tan, Abdul Rashid Aziz
Purpose: Sprint interval training (SIT) provides a strong stimulus for improving cardiovascular fitness, which is among the key markers for premature mortality. Recent literature demonstrated that SIT protocols with as few as two stacked 20 s Wingate Anaerobic Test (WAnT) cycle sprints provide sufficient training stimulus for a robust increase in maximal aerobic power. However, this effect is lost when only one bout is performed. This suggests training adaptation is still dependent on the volume of SIT...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018528/an-evaluation-of-the-icon-%C3%A2-mask-fixation-curing-characteristics-of-the-thermoplastic-fixation-and-implications-for-patient-workflow
#15
Samendra Prasad, Matthew Podgorsak, Robert Plunkett, Dheerendra Prasad
Background: Thermoplastic mask immobilization is used to perform hypo-fractionated treatments with the Gamma Knife ICON®. Materials and methods: We evaluated the curing characteristics of the ICON® Nanor mask using force sensing resistors coupled with a data logging tool designed by us. Results: For patients being treated with masks made the same day as the treatment, often in the same sitting with no removal and replacement of the patient from the treatment cradle, based on the curves 80% of the force of fixation is reached at 30 minutes...
June 2018: Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018146/weight-s-of-complicity
#16
Alec Walker, Alex John London
International non-governmental organisations (INGO) face a dilemma when deciding whether to intervene in crisis situations where their efforts can be exploited or co-opted by others: intervene and risk becoming complicit with wrongdoing or sit on the sidelines and consign vulnerable people to the ravages of neglect or oppression. In "' He who helps the guilty, shares the crime'? INGOs, moral narcissism and complicity in wrongdoing ," Buth et al argue that concerns about complicity often stifle ethical debate and encourage moral narcissism...
July 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017618/benefits-of-hippotherapy-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-narrative-review
#17
REVIEW
R Martín-Valero, J Vega-Ballón, V Perez-Cabezas
Children with cerebral palsy display disorders in pelvic movement and require effective rehabilitation. There is evidence to support the hippotherapy due to improvements in balance. The aim of this narrative review was to summarise the grades of recommendation regarding the benefits of hippotherapy in children with cerebral palsy. DATA SOURCES AND EXTRACTION: We searched electronic databases, limiting the searches to studies published between 2004 and February 2017. The selected documents were classified according to the strength of recommendation provided by Duodecim (the Finnish medical society)...
July 10, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017214/how-molecular-diagnosis-may-modify-immunotherapy-prescription-in-multi-sensitized-pollen-allergic-children
#18
Genoveva Del-Río Camacho, Ana María Montes Arjona, José Fernández-Cantalejo Padial, Rodríguez Catalán Jesús
INTRODUCTION: Specific immunotherapy (SIT) is used to treat asthma and allergic rhinitis, and a dose-response relationship has been found for SIT efficacy, creating a need to accurately select the allergen used in therapy. This need is especially pronounced in poly-sensitized children living in areas where different pollen allergen sources coexist in the same season, as this circumstance complicates diagnostic efforts. In such cases, component-resolved diagnosis (CRD) can increase diagnostic accuracy and aid in SIT prescription...
July 12, 2018: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30016033/clinical-radiological-and-auxological-characteristics-of-patients-with-cleidocranial-dysplasia-followed-in-a-pediatric-referral-hospital-in-argentina
#19
Rosario Ramos Mejía, Mercedes Rodríguez Celin, Virginia Fano
Cleidocranial dysplasia is an autosomal dominant skeletal dysplasia caused by mutations in the RUNX2 gene; its prevalence has been estimated at 1/1 000 000 newborn infants. This study presents 37 patients (22 girls) assessed between 1992 and 2016 at the Skeletal Dysplasias Multidisciplinary Clinics of Hospital Garrahan, Argentina. FINDINGS: 35% of positive family history; median age at the time of diagnosis: 2.61 years old; positive radiological findings in the skull and pubis: 95%; in the clavicles: 100%...
August 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30016024/physical-growth-in-young-chilean-football-players-proposal-of-percentiles-based-on-chronological-and-biological-age
#20
Salustio Carrasco López, Rossana Gómez-Campos, Jorge Méndez Cornejo, Lautaro Morales, Camilo Urra-Albornoz, Marco Cossio-Bolañosb
OBJECTIVES: a) To compare physical growth to the 2012 American standard from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC); b) to analyze physical growth by chronological and biological age; c) to propose physical growth charts based on chronological and biological age. Methodology. A descriptive (cross-sectional) study was conducted in young Chilean football players based on weight, standing height, and sitting height. These were compared to the CDC- 2012 standard. Percentiles were developed using the LMS method...
August 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
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