Read by QxMD icon Read


Jannette Maree Blennerhassett, Karen Nancy Borschmann, Ruby Adelaide Lipson-Smith, Julie Bernhardt
AIM: To explore the use of a rehabilitation-focused behavioral mapping method to identify changes in patient physical activity, location, and social interaction following the relocation of a rehabilitation ward. BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation wards are unique healthcare environments where patient activity is encouraged to improve recovery. Little is known about the impact of building design on patient behavior within a rehabilitation setting. We examined this issue when a rehabilitation ward was relocated without altering other aspects of the healthcare service...
January 1, 2018: HERD
Jigar Nayankumar Mehta, Lata D Parmar
Background: Following head injury, cardiopulmonary functions are impaired and this disturbs the oxygenation transport pathway. Expanding cardiopulmonary physical therapy to encompass the oxygen transport system as a whole has implication for treatment as well as assessment and treatment outcome. Therefore, the aim of the study is to assess the oxygenation level in head injury patients with relation to body positioning in the intensive care unit (ICU). Methodology: Thirty consecutive patients with head injury with hemodynamically stable were included from the surgical ICU, ages ranging from 15 to 50 years...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Hanneke E Borst, Gillian S Townend, Mirjam van Eck, Eric Smeets, Mariëlle van den Berg, Aleid Laan, Leopold M G Curfs
This study aimed to determine whether there is a relationship between abnormal foot position and standing and walking ability in individuals with Rett syndrome (RTT), a rare neurological condition primarily affecting females, often accompanied by impaired gross motor function and musculoskeletal deformities. Through means of an online survey, physiotherapists were asked to share information about their work and experience with individuals with RTT. They were asked about their clients' scores on the Rett Syndrome Gross Motor Scale and measures of their foot deformity, passive range of motion of dorsiflexion of the foot, use of supportive footwear, pressure load on the foot, and symmetry in weight bearing...
2018: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
Yanyan Wang, Xiaochao Guo, Qingfeng Liu, Huajun Xiao, Yu Bai
INTRODUCTION: Inappropriate design eye point (DEP) will lead to nonstandard sitting postures, including nonneutral head positions and other uncomfortable sitting postures, which are high risk factors for neck pain in fighter pilots exposed to high G forces. Therefore, application of a 3D measurement method to collect data regarding eye position while in the cruising sitting posture in the aircraft cockpit to guide the design eye point has been proposed. METHODS: A total of 304 male fixed wing aircraft pilots were divided into two groups...
April 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Jessica McNeil, Megan S Farris, Yibing Ruan, Heather Merry, Brigid M Lynch, Charles E Matthews, Kerry S Courneya, Christine M Friedenreich
BACKGROUND: Physical activity has emerged as an important lifestyle factor for primary prevention of numerous diseases, including postmenopausal breast cancer. No study to date has assessed the acute and long-term effects of year-long aerobic exercise programs differing in prescribed exercise volume on physical activity and sedentary time in postmenopausal women. Therefore, we aimed to examine the effects of two moderate-vigorous intensity exercise doses on total, light and moderate-vigorous intensity physical activity times, and sedentary time in postmenopausal women during the year-long intervention and one year later...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
D Rodrigo-Mocholí, E Escudero, E Belda, F G Laredo, V Hernandis, P Marín
AIMS: To determine the pharmacokinetics, and anaesthetic and sedative effects of alfaxalone after I/V and I/M administration to cats. METHODS: Six European shorthair cats, three males and three females, with a mean weight of 4.21 (SD 0.53) kg and aged 3.8 (SD 0.9) years were enrolled in this crossover, two-treatment, two-period study. Alfaxalone at a dose of 5 mg/kg was administrated either I/V or I/M. Blood samples were collected between 2-480 minutes after drug administration and analysed for concentrations of alfaxalone by HPLC...
March 21, 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
Adam L Crane, Douglas P Chivers, Maud C O Ferrari
Exposure to intense predation risk can induce morphological and behavioural phenotypes that prepare prey, often at young ages, for surviving attacks from unknown predators. However, previous studies revealed that this survival advantage depended on the predator species. Here, we used alarm cues from injured conspecifics to simulate a period of high predation risk for embryonic wood frogs, Lithobates sylvaticus. Two weeks post-hatching, we tested whether the embryonic risk exposure influenced survival in encounters with two novel predators: (1) a spider (Dolomedes sp...
2018: PloS One
Adam Domonkos Tarnoki, Andrea Agnes Molnar, David Laszlo Tarnoki, Levente Littvay, Emanuela Medda, Corrado Fagnani, Antonio Arnolfi, Filippo Farina, Claudio Baracchini, Giorgio Meneghetti, Giacomo Pucci, Giuseppe Schillaci, Maria Antonietta Stazi, György L Nadasy
AIMS: The elasticity of the internal jugular vein (IJV) is a major determinant of cerebral venous drainage and right atrium venous return. However, the level of genetic determination of IJV dimensions, compliance and distensibility has not been studied yet. METHODS: 170 adult Caucasian twins (43 monozygotic [MZ] and 42 dizygotic [DZ] pairs) were involved from the Italian twin registry. Anteroposterior and mediolateral diameters of the IJV were measured bilaterally by ultrasonography...
2018: PloS One
Rudra Prosad Goswami, Geetabali Sircar, Hiramanik Sit, Alakendu Ghosh, Parasar Ghosh
OBJECTIVE: We report comparative efficacy between high-dose cyclophosphamide (HDCyC), low-dose cyclophosphamide (LDCyC), mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and rituximab in patients with lupus nephritis (LN). METHODS: We analyzed comparative efficacy of 4 induction regimens of biopsy-proven LN: LDCyC: 500 mg fortnightly, HDCyC: 750 to 1200 mg monthly, MMF: 1.5 to 3 g/d, and rituximab. Outcomes of 4 groups were analyzed at the sixth month. RESULTS: Among total 222 patients, 26 received LDCyC (3-g total dose), 113 received HDCyC (mean, 5...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
Deng Xiang, Jiannan He, Zimeng Fan, Fangfang Xiong, Gang Liu, Sufen Chen, Wu Wen, Jianfeng Li, Junhua Ai, Renhua Wan, Gongxian Wang, Jun Shi
RATIONALE: Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a rare anatomical variation of the internal organs, and solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas (SPTP) is a rare tissue type of pancreatic tumors, classified as benign or low-grade malignancy. However, to our knowledge, a patient with SIT and SPTP is extremely rare and has never been reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: We retrospectively analyzed a case of SIT with SPTP in a 45-year-old woman. The main complaints were abdominal pain and sensation of heaviness for 2 weeks...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Raghad Mubarak Aljuhaysh, Nagah Mohamed Abo El-Fetoh, Malak Ibrahim Alanazi, Afaf Shuaib Albaqawi, Wafa Mohammed Alanazi, Najah Salah Alanazi, Reham Muqbil Alanazi, Atheer Mutab Alanazi, Eiman Mohammad Alnemer, Rahma Abdulhadi Alenezi, Tasleem Khoudier Alabdullatif, Rehab Abdallah Alanazi, Samiyah Sarhan Alanazi, Kawthar Saeed Alsultan, Ibtisam Matan Alanazi, Duaa Sami Alsunayni
Background and aim: Rh isoimmunization still contributes to the neonatal morbidity and mortality due to non-immunization, under-immunization, and in rare cases, false Rh typing. The main objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of Rh incompatibility, mothers' knowledge about Rh incompatibility, mothers' knowledge about anti-D immunoglobulin and to show the pregnancy outcome of Rh negative mothers. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out at the Maternity and Children Hospital in Arar city from November 2016 to May 2017...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
Hyo-Jin Byon, Sung-Jun Hong, Dae-Yu Kim, O Joo-Hyeon, In-Gon Lee, Dong-Ho Seo, Gyoung-A Heo, Hyunzu Kim
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the mean lengths of the posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL) as the acoustic window during the thoracic paramedian epidural approach after shoulder rotation, while subjects were in the lateral decubitus or in the sitting position. METHODS: Thirty-two adult male volunteers were placed in the right decubitus position or sitting position on a horizontal operating table. To obtain an optimal ultrasound view for the PLL on the right side, thoracic spinal ultrasonography was performed at the T6/7 interspace using the paramedian oblique sagittal plane...
March 17, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Lianne Remijn, Lenie van den Engel-Hoek, Ton Satink, Bert J M de Swart, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden
OBJECTIVE: The impact of difficulties with eating and drinking in adolescents and young adults with cerebral palsy is unknown. The purpose of this study is to find out which difficulties adolescents and young adults with cerebral palsy experience with eating and drinking in daily life and how they deal with these difficulties. The study also explores how they think about themselves with respect to eating and what does or does not help regarding social participation. METHOD: We collected the data from ten participants with spastic cerebral palsy (aged 15-23 years) living in the Netherlands...
March 21, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Rungchai Chaunchaiyakul, Metta Pinthong, Amornpan Ajjimaporn
OBJECTIVE: This study measured acute physiological responses in pregnant women during short duration exercise in the supine (Sup), side-lying (Side), sitting (Sit), and standing (Std) positions. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 42 healthy pregnant women were divided into 3 groups of 14 persons each: G1, G2, and G3 (first, second, and third trimester, respectively). Baseline assessments were performed following a 30-min rest in the sitting position. Subsequent measurements were then obtained while exercising, without resistance, in the Sup, Side, Sit, and Std, respectively...
March 20, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Emmanuel Igumbor, Okikiola Olaniyan, Edwin Mapasha, Helga Danga, Ezekiel Omotoso, Walter Meyer
Electrically active induced energy levels in semiconductor devices could be beneficial to the discovery of an enhanced p or n-type semiconductor. N implanted into 4H-SiC is a high energy process that produced high defect concentrations which could be removed during dopant activation annealing. On the other hand, B substituted for silicon in SiC causes a reduction in the number of defects. This scenario leads to a decrease in the dielectric properties and induced deep donor and shallow acceptor levels. Complexes formed by N, such as the N-vacancy centre, have been reported to play a significant role in the application of quantum bits...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Rihlat Said-Mohamed, Alessandra Prioreschi, Lukhanyo H Nyati, Alastair van Heerden, Richard J Munthali, Kathleen Kahn, Stephen M Tollman, Francesc Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Brian Houle, David B Dunger, Shane A Norris
BACKGROUND: The pre-pubertal socioeconomic environment may be an important determinant of age at menarche, adult height, body proportions and adiposity: traits closely linked to adolescent and adult health. AIMS: This study explored differences in age at menarche, adult height, relative leg-length and waist circumference between rural and urban black South African young adult women, who are at different stages of the nutrition and epidemiologic transitions. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We compared 18-23 year-old black South African women, 482 urban-dwelling from Soweto and 509 from the rural Mpumalanga province...
March 20, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Heung Jae Park, Chang Hoo Park, Yoosoo Chang, Seungho Ryu
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of sitting time and physical activity level with the incidence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in a large sample of Korean men. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort study was performed in 69 795 Korean men, free of LUTS at baseline, who were followed up annually or biennially for a mean of 2.6 years. Physical activity level and sitting time were assessed using the validated Korean version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form...
March 20, 2018: BJU International
Jan C van der Meijden, Michelle E Kruijshaar, Laurike Harlaar, Dimitris Rizopoulos, Nadine A M E van der Beek, Ans T van der Ploeg
OBJECTIVES: Pompe disease is a progressive metabolic myopathy for which enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) was approved in 2006. While various publications have examined the effects of ERT in classic-infantile patients and in adults, little has been published on ERT in children with non-classic presentations. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective study was conducted from June 1999 to May 2015. Seventeen patients from various countries participated. Outcome measures comprised muscle function (6-minute walk test, quick motor-function test (QMFT)), muscle strength (hand-held dynamometry; manual muscle testing), and lung function (FVC sitting and supine)...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Yasmin Elkhashab, Andrew Ng
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Coccygodynia is pain within the coccyx area. The diagnosis is made clinically with symptoms of pain in the coccyx region and worsening pain in sitting position. The initial treatment is conservative therapy. For patients who do not respond to conservative therapies, there are further interventions available. This includes local injection of local anesthetics and steroids, neurolysis of sacral nerve roots, caudal epidural block, pulse radiofrequency (PRF), intra-rectal massage and manipulation, ganglion impar block, levator ani massage and stretching, coccyx manipulation, and coccygectomy...
March 19, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Erick M Dubuque, Molly L Dubuque
Individuals interested in applying to sit for a Behavior Analyst Certification Board® (BACB) examination are required to accumulate a predetermined number of experience and supervision hours under the BACB Experience Standards (BACB, 2015c). Currently, the BACB allows students to accumulate these hours while enrolled in a higher education training program that contains a BACB-Approved Course Sequence (ACS). There are numerous professional and financial benefits for programs offering practical training opportunities to students...
March 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"