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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328715/evaluating-injury-risk-and-gender-performance-on-health-and-skill-related-fitness-assessments
#1
Tyson L Grier, Michelle Canham-Chervak, Timothy T Bushman, Morgan K Anderson, William J North, Bruce H Jones
Grier, TL, Canham-Chervak, M, Bushman, TT, Anderson, MK, North, WJ, and Jones, BH. Evaluating injury risk and gender performance on health- and skill-related fitness assessments. J Strength Cond Res 31(4): 971-980, 2017-The purpose of this analysis was to investigate the association of injury risk and gender performance on health- and skill-related fitness assessments. A survey was used to collect personal characteristics and Army Physical Fitness Test scores (2-mile run, push-ups, and sit-ups). Within the same day, 9 physical fitness assessments were performed...
April 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327174/randomised-controlled-feasibility-study-of-a-school-based-multi-level-intervention-to-increase-physical-activity-and-decrease-sedentary-behaviour-among-vocational-school-students
#2
Nelli Hankonen, Matti T J Heino, Sini-Tuuli Hynynen, Hanna Laine, Vera Araújo-Soares, Falko F Sniehotta, Tommi Vasankari, Reijo Sund, Ari Haukkala
BACKGROUND: No school-based physical activity (PA) interventions among older adolescents have demonstrated long-term effectiveness, and few of them so far have addressed sedentary behaviour (SB). Based on behavioural theories and evidence, we designed a multi-level intervention to increase PA and decrease SB among vocational school students. This study investigates feasibility and acceptability of two main intervention components and research procedures. We also examine uptake of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) by the participants...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326414/minimum-5-year-follow-up-results-and-functional-outcome-of-rotating-platform-high-flexion-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-prospective-study-of-701-knees
#3
Sanjeev Jain, Aditya C Pathak, K Kalaivanan
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the midterm clinical outcome, functional outcome, associated complications, and survivorship of high-flexion posterior-stabilized rotating-platform total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed 701 knees in 501 patients, who underwent total knee arthroplasty using high-flexion posterior-stabilized rotating-platform prosthesis. Patients were assessed preoperatively and postoperatively for their ability to kneel, do full squats, do half squats, and sit cross-legged by using a patient-administered questionnaire...
September 2016: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325699/spinal-correction-in-patients-with-fukuyama-congenital-muscular-dystrophy
#4
Wataru Saito, Takanori Namba, Gen Inoue, Takayuki Imura, Masayuki Miyagi, Toshiyuki Nakazawa, Eiki Shirasawa, Kentaro Uchida, Masashi Takaso
BACKGROUND: Fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD) is one of the most common congenital progressive muscular dystrophies in Japan. Some patients develop a severe spinal deformity that leads to an unstable sitting position or pain. Since 2008, we have treated FCMD using posterior spinal fusion. This study reports the short-term clinical and radiographic results of posterior spinal correction and fusion in FCMD. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 11 consecutive FCMD patients, average age 13 years old, treated with posterior spinal instrumentation and fusion between 2008 and 2015...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324960/design-and-characterization-of-a-torque-controllable-actuator-for-knee-assistance-during-sit-to-stand
#5
Max K Shepherd, Elliott J Rouse
Individuals with post-stroke hemiparesis often have difficulty standing out of a chair. One way to potentially improve sit-to-stand is to provide knee extension assistance using a powered knee exoskeleton. An exoskeleton providing unilateral, partial assistance during sit-to-stand would need to be torque-controllable. There are no knee exoskeletons on the market suitable for conducting experiments assisting stroke patients with sit-to-stand, so to enable such experiments a research device was developed. The purpose of this report is to present the design of a novel knee exoskeleton actuator that uses a fiberglass leaf spring in series to improve torque-controllability, and present a characterization of the actuator performance...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324755/sedentary-behavior-different-types-of-operationalization-influence-outcome-measures
#6
Malou H J Fanchamps, Hendrika J G van den Berg-Emons, Henk J Stam, Johannes B J Bussmann
INTRODUCTION: Sedentary behavior (SB) influences health status independently of physical activity. The formal definition of SB is: "any waking behavior characterized by an energy expenditure ≤1.5 METs while in a sitting or reclining posture". However, measuring SB mostly does not include both the intensity and postural component. The aim of this study was to quantify the effect of type of operationalization of SB on total sedentary time and the pattern of SB. METHODS: 53 healthy subjects were measured 24h with a multi-sensor activity monitor that provides a valid one-second detection of body postures and movements and a calculated intensity measure...
March 6, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324754/effects-of-sit-to-stand-training-combined-with-transcutaneous-electrical-stimulation-on-spasticity-muscle-strength-and-balance-ability-in-patients-with-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-study
#7
Kyoung-Sim Jung, Tae-Sung In, Hwi-Young Cho
Sit-to-stand is a fundamental movement of human being for performing mobility and independent activity. However, Stroke people symptoms experience difficulty in conducting the sit-to-stand due to paralysis and especially ankle spasticity. Recently, transcutaneouselectrical- stimulation (TENS) is used to reduce pain but also to manage spasticity. The purpose of this study was to determine (1) whether TENS would lead to ankle spasticity reduction and (2) whether sit-to-stand training combined with TENS would improve spasticity, muscle strength and balance ability in stroke patients...
March 10, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324698/eye-stabilization-reflexes-in-traumatic-and-non-traumatic-chronic-neck-pain-patients
#8
Britta K Ischebeck, Jurryt de Vries, Malou Janssen, Jan Paul van Wingerden, Gert-Jan Kleinrensink, Jos N van der Geest, Maarten A Frens
BACKGROUND: Many chronic neck pain patients experience problems with vision. These problems are possibly induced by deviations of the eye stabilization reflexes. It is not known whether these eye reflex alterations occur both in traumatic and non-traumatic neck pain patients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if the cervico-ocular reflex (COR) and the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) are changed in tertiary care patients with prolonged, chronic neck pain with various origin of complaints...
March 16, 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323950/breaking-up-prolonged-sitting-alters-the-postprandial-plasma-lipidomic-profile-of-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#9
Megan S Grace, Paddy C Dempsey, Parneet Sethi, Piyushkumar A Mundra, Natalie A Mellett, Jacquelyn M Weir, Neville Owen, David W Dunstan, Peter J Meikle, Bronwyn A Kingwell
Context: Postprandial dysmetabolism in type 2 diabetes (T2D) is exacerbated by prolonged sitting, and may trigger inflammation and oxidative stress. It is unknown what impact countermeasures to prolonged sitting have on the postprandial lipidome. Objective: In this study, we investigated the effects of regular interruptions to sitting, compared to prolonged sitting, on the postprandial plasma lipidome. Design: Randomized cross-over experimental trial...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323625/the-effects-of-stretching-training-on-cardiac-autonomic-function-in-obese-postmenopausal-women
#10
Alexei Wong, Marcos Sanchez-Gonzalez, Roy Kalfon, Stacey Alvarez-Alvarado, Arturo Figueroa
Context • Menopause and obesity are associated with autonomic dysfunction. Unconventional exercise modalities that include an important flexibility component seem to improve cardiac autonomic function by lowering sympathetic tone and increasing vagal modulation of the heart rate (HR). Yet clear evidence of the effects of stretching training (ST) on cardiac autonomic modulation is limited. Objective • The present study intended to examine the effects of ST on HR variability (HRV) and flexibility in obese postmenopausal women...
March 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323585/feasibility-of-hypoxic-challenge-testing-in-children-and-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-and-lung-disease
#11
Mandy E Spoorenberg, Erik H J Hulzebos, Tim Takken
BACKGROUND: This is a cross-sectional observational study to investigate the safety and feasibility of integrating changing body positions and physical activity in a hypoxic challenge test (HCT). The secondary objective was to compare oxygen saturation (Spo2) in two different locations (forehead and finger). METHODS: Included were 12 pediatric to young adult patients with congenital heart (N = 7) or lung disease (N = 5). An HCT was performed using breathing room air (21% oxygen) while sitting and breathing a normobaric hypoxic gas mixture (15% oxygen) through a facemask while seated, lying supine, standing, walking 3 km/h, and walking 5 km/h in a nonrandomized order...
December 1, 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322035/multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-program-after-breast-cancer-benefits-on-physical-function-anthropometry-and-quality-of-life
#12
Anne-France Leclerc, Marguerite Foidart-Dessalle, Marco Tomasella, Philippe Coucke, Martine Devos, Olivier Bruyère, Thierry Bury, Dorian Deflandre, Guy Jerusalem, Eric Lifrange, Jean-François Kaux, Jean-Michel Crielaard, Didier Maquet
BACKGROUND: Different clinical trials show beneficial effects of physical training offered during and / or after breast cancer treatment. However, given the variety of side effects that may be encountered, physical training could be combined with psychological, relational and social guidance. This kind of multidisciplinary program has been little studied so far. AIM: To determine the benefits of a three-month multidisciplinary rehabilitation program among women after breast cancer treatment...
March 20, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321052/saline-infusion-test-highly-associated-with-the-incidence-of-cardio-and-cerebrovascular-events-in-primary-aldosteronism
#13
Reiko Hayashi, Daisuke Tamada, Masahiko Murata, Kosuke Mukai, Tetsuhiro Kitamura, Michio Otsuki, Iichiro Shimomura
Primary aldosteronism (PA) is caused by excess secretion of aldosterone and is an independent risk factor for cardio-cerebro-vascular (CCV) events. The goal of treatment of PA should include prevention of CCV events. A definitive diagnosis of PA is established by confirmatory tests [saline infusion test (SIT), furosemide upright test (FUT) and captopril challenge test (CCT)]. However, there is no information on whether the hormone levels measured by these confirmatory tests are associated with CCV events. The aim of this retrospective study was to elucidate the relationship between the results of the above confirmatory tests and prevalence of CCV disease in patients with PA...
March 18, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320409/can-an-incentive-based-intervention-increase-physical-activity-and-reduce-sitting-among-adults-the-achieve-active-choices-incentive-feasibility-study
#14
Kylie Ball, Ruth F Hunter, Jaimie-Lee Maple, Marj Moodie, Jo Salmon, Kok-Leong Ong, Lena D Stephens, Michelle Jackson, David Crawford
BACKGROUND: Despite recent interest in the potential of incentivisation as a strategy for motivating healthier behaviors, little remains known about the effectiveness of incentives in promoting physical activity and reducing sedentary behavior, and improving associated health outcomes. This pre-post-test design study investigated the feasibility, appeal and effects of providing non-financial incentives for promoting increased physical activity, reduced sedentary time, and reduced body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure among inactive middle-aged adults...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320071/adherence-to-national-exercise-guidelines-by-patients-attending-emergency-departments-a-multi-site-survey
#15
Paul Berlingeri, Neil Cunningham, David McD Taylor, Jonathan Knott, Daniel McLean, Rex Gavan, Luke Plant, Hayley Chen, Tracey Weiland
OBJECTIVE: The proportion of adults in Australia meeting or exceeding the national guidelines for physical activity has remained relatively static over the past 10 years. The research objective was to measure self-reported physical activity and sedentary behaviour among ED patients in accordance with Australia's current physical activity and sedentary behaviour guidelines, revised in 2014. METHODS: A convenience sample of participants was recruited from three EDs in Melbourne between February and May 2016...
March 20, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319786/lower-cardiorespiratory-fitness-is-associated-with-more-time-spent-sedentary-in-first-episode-psychosis-a-pilot-study
#16
Davy Vancampfort, Marc De Hert, Inez Myin-Germeys, Ruud van Winkel, Joseph Firth, Tine Van Damme, Michel Probst
Patients with a psychotic disorder show lower cardiorespiratory fitness and higher mortality rates compared to healthy individuals. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore whether in patients with first-episode psychosis a low cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with decreased physical activity and increased sedentary levels. Twenty-nine outpatients (21 men; 22.8±5.1 years) performed a maximal exercise test to assess their maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max), wore a Senswear armband for five consecutive days and were assessed with the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale...
March 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319482/immunotherapy-for-food-allergy
#17
William R Reisacher, Wesley Davison
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review discusses strategies for administering specific immunotherapy (SIT) for the treatment of food allergy. It focuses on three delivery routes for food allergens, immunomodulatory adjuvants and allergen modifications. RECENT FINDINGS: Interest in SIT for food allergy has been increasing significantly. Sublingual immunotherapy is effective for desensitization with a very favorable adverse event profile. Epicutaneous immunotherapy is also effective, most notably in younger children, with a high rate of local reactions...
March 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318781/spinal-fusion-in-a-patient-with-fukuyama-congenital-muscular-dystrophy
#18
Kaori Hino, Mitsumasa Fukuda, Tadao Morino, Tadanori Ogata, Masanori Ito, Eiichi Ishii
Many studies have evaluated surgical treatments for spinal deformities in patients with neuromuscular disease. However, few reports have described patients with Fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD). A 13-year-old boy with FCMD was unable to sit for long periods or sleep in the supine position because of progressive scoliosis. His Cobb angle worsened from 27° to 41° in 5months. He underwent standard posterior spinal fusion and pedicle-screw-alone fixation from T5 to S1. Postoperatively, his Cobb angle improved from 41° to 25° without exacerbation for 2years...
March 16, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316440/abo-incompatible-renal-transplant-transfusion-medicine-perspective
#19
Raj Nath Makroo, Sweta Nayak, Mohit Chowdhry, Sanjiv Jasuja, Gaurav Sagar, N L Rosamma, Uday Kumar Thakur
INTRODUCTION: Our study presents an analysis of the trends of ABO antibody titers and the TPE (Therapeutic Plasma Exchange) procedures required pre and post ABO incompatible renal transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty nine patients underwent ABO incompatible renal transplant during the study period. The ABO antibody titers were done using the tube technique and titer reported was the dilution at which 1+ reaction was observed. The baseline titers of anti-A and anti-B antibodies were determined...
January 2017: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316280/predicting-fitness-to-practise-events-in-international-medical-graduates-who-registered-as-uk-doctors-via-the-professional-and-linguistic-assessments-board-plab-system-a-national-cohort-study
#20
Paul A Tiffin, Lewis W Paton, Lazaro M Mwandigha, John C McLachlan, Jan Illing
BACKGROUND: International medical graduates working in the UK are more likely to be censured in relation to fitness to practise compared to home graduates. Performance on the General Medical Council's (GMC's) Professional and Linguistic Assessments Board (PLAB) tests and English fluency have previously been shown to predict later educational performance in this group of doctors. It is unknown whether the PLAB system is also a valid predictor of unprofessional behaviour and malpractice...
March 20, 2017: BMC Medicine
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