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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944644/effects-of-resistance-training-on-the-physical-condition-of-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#1
Felipe J Aidar, André L Carneiro, Osvaldo Costa Moreira, Cláudia E Patrocínio de Oliveira, Nuno D Garrido, Victor Machado Reis, Igor Raineh, José M Vilaça, Dihogo Gama de Matos
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of resistance training on the functional capacity of people with multiple sclerosis. SETTING: Two groups were defined intentionally and divided based on the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS): an experimental group (EG) consisting of 11 individuals, 18.2% with an EDSS Score of 0 - 3.0, 72.8% with a score of 3.5 - 5.5 and 9.1% with a score of 6.0 - 7.5; and a control group (CG) consisting of 12 subjects, 25...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944304/wearable-technology-to-reduce-sedentary-behavior-and-cvd-risk-in-older-adults-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Lisa M Krehbiel, Andrew S Layne, Bhanuprasad Sandesara, Todd M Manini, Stephen D Anton, Thomas W Buford
Persons aged over 65 years account for over the vast majority of healthcare expenditures and deaths attributable to cardiovascular disease (CVD). Accordingly, reducing CVD risk among older adults is an important public health priority. Structured physical activity (i.e. exercise) is a well-documented method of decreasing CVD risk, but recent large-scale trials suggest that exercise alone is insufficient to reduce CVD events in high-risk populations of older adults. Thus adjuvant strategies appear necessary to reduce CVD risk...
June 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943974/relationships-between-self-perceptions-and-physical-activity-behaviour-fear-of-falling-and-physical-function-among-older-adults
#3
Myrla Sales, Pazit Levinger, Remco Polman
BACKGROUND: There has been a lack of research examining the relationship among self-perceptions, behaviour, cognitions and functioning in older adults. This study, therefore, examined the relationship between global and physical self-perceptions, physical activity behaviour, and fear of falling taking into considerations objective measures of physical functioning in community dwelling older adults. METHODS/DESIGN: Sixty-six participants between 60 and 90 years old (71...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941955/effect-of-arm-swinging-on-lumbar-spine-and-hip-joint-forces
#4
Lorenza Angelini, Philipp Damm, Thomas Zander, Rizwan Arshad, Francesca Di Puccio, Hendrik Schmidt
During level walking, arm swing plays a key role in improving dynamic stability. In vivo investigations with a telemeterized vertebral body replacement showed that spinal loads can be affected by differences in arm positions during sitting and standing. However, little is known about how arm swing could influence the lumbar spine and hip joint forces and motions during walking. The present study aims to provide better understanding of the contribution of the upper limbs to human gait, investigating ranges of motion and joint reaction forces...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940463/noncontact-measurement-of-emotional-and-physiological-changes-in-heart-rate-from-a-webcam
#5
Christopher R Madan, Tyler Harrison, Kyle E Mathewson
Heart rate, measured in beats per minute, can be used as an index of an individual's physiological state. Each time the heart beats, blood is expelled and travels through the body. This blood flow can be detected in the face using a standard webcam that is able to pick up subtle changes in color that cannot be seen by the naked eye. Due to the light absorption spectrum of blood, we are able to detect differences in the amount of light absorbed by the blood traveling just below the skin (i.e., photoplethysmography)...
September 21, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940159/zinc-status-in-beta-thalassemia-major-patients
#6
Attanayaka Mudiyanselage Dilhara Sewwandi Karunaratna, Jamburagoda Gamage Shirani Ranasingha, Rasnayaka Mudiyanselage Mudiyanse
Beta thalassemia is a common monogenic hereditary hemoglobinopathy which is associated with compound complications. Zinc deficiency, which is commonly observed in thalassemia patients, is also associated with multiple health complications. The objective of this study was to determine the zinc status and its effect on the growth and immune functions of young beta thalassemia major patients. The study included 40 patients in comparison with age- and sex-matched 30 healthy individuals as controls. The patients were interviewed for socio-demographic variables, and their medical histories were obtained from the hospital files...
September 23, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939566/household-and-familial-resemblance-in-risk-factors-for-type-2-diabetes-and-related-cardiometabolic-diseases-in-rural-uganda-a-cross-sectional-community-sample
#7
Jannie Nielsen, Silver K Bahendeka, Susan R Whyte, Dan W Meyrowitsch, Ib C Bygbjerg, Daniel R Witte
OBJECTIVES: Prevention of type 2 diabetes (T2D) has been successfully established in randomised clinical trials. However, the best methods for the translation of this evidence into effective population-wide interventions remain unclear. To assess whether households could be a target for T2D prevention and screening, we investigated the resemblance of T2D risk factors at household level and by type of familial dyadic relationship in a rural Ugandan community. METHODS: This cross-sectional household-based study included 437 individuals ≥13 years of age from 90 rural households in south-western Uganda...
September 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939425/kinematic-analysis-of-a-drinking-task-in-chronic-hemiparetic-patients-using-features-analysis-and-statistical-parametric-mapping
#8
Gabriela Lopes Santos, Thiago Luiz Russo, Angela Nieuwenhuys, Davide Monari, Kaat Desloovere
OBJECTIVE: To compare sitting posture and movement strategies between chronic hemiparetic and healthy subjects while performing a drinking task using Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM) and feature analysis. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Department of Physical Therapy of University. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen chronic hemiparetic and thirteen healthy individuals matched for gender and age. INTERVENTION: Not applicable...
September 19, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939406/comparison-of-fixed-dose-combinations-of-amlodipine-losartan-potassium-chlorthalidone-and-amlodipine-losartan-potassium-in-patients-with-stage-2-hypertension-inadequately-controlled-with-amlodipine-losartan-potassium-a-randomized-double-blind-multicenter-phase
#9
Soon Jun Hong, Han Saem Jeong, Seung Hwan Han, Ki Yuk Chang, Bum Kee Hong, Bong Ki Lee, Shung Chull Chae, Woo Shik Kim, Chang Gyu Park, Jung Ho Heo, Seung Uk Lee, Young Dae Kim, Kee Sik Kim, Jung Hyun Choi, Hyun Jae Kang, Jae Joong Kim, Seok Min Kang, Young Jin Choi, Joon Han Shin, Kook Jin Chun, Dong Gu Shin, Seong Hoon Park, Jun Kwan, Yu Jeong Choi, Myung Ho Jeong, Jei Keon Chae, Dong Woon Kim, Jung Rae Cho, Kyoo Rok Han, Kyung Heon Won, Sang Ho Park, Sang Kon Lee, Sang Hoon Kim, Jina Jung, Cheol Ho Kim
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of fixed-dose combinations of amlodipine/losartan potassium/chlorthalidone (A/L/C) and A/L in Korean patients with stage 2 hypertension inadequately controlled by A/L. METHODS: This study was an 8-week, randomized double-blind, multicenter, phase III clinical trial. Three hundred forty volunteer patients with stage 2 hypertension were randomized to receive A/L/C or A/L. The primary end point was a change in sitting systolic blood pressure (SitSBP) after 8 weeks of treatment...
September 19, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939031/the-current-knowledge-on-spinopelvic-mobility
#10
REVIEW
Zachary C Lum, John G Coury, Jonathan L Cohen, Lawrence D Dorr
Recent studies may suggest that our conventional knowledge of risk factors for dislocation may need rethinking. Previous studies have demonstrated a large majority of total hip arthroplasty instability with acetabular cups implanted in safe zones. Recently discovered spinopelvic motion is a coordinated biomechanical relationship among acetabular anteversion, pelvic tilt, and lumbar lordosis. Classification includes normal, hypermobile, stiff, stuck standing, stuck sitting, and fused. Normal spinopelvic motion from standing to sitting occurs with hip flexion, posterior sacral tilt, and decreased lumbar lordosis to accommodate a flexed femur and prevent impingement and dislocation...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938232/best-practice-guidelines-for-the-measurement-of-physical-activity-levels-in-stroke-survivors-a-secondary-analysis-of-an-observational-study
#11
Louise Tinlin, Natalie Fini, Julie Bernhardt, Lucy K Lewis, Tim Olds, Coralie English
The aim of this study was to investigate the phenomenon of activity (increased activity in response to monitor wear) and determine the minimum wear time of accelerometers when objectively measuring habitual physical activity levels of community dwelling stroke survivors. Exploratory, secondary analyses of cross-sectional data were carried out. Physical activity variables [sitting, standing and stepping time, step count, light physical activity and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)] were measured with two activity monitors for 7 days...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937942/evaluating-the-effect-of-a-campus-wide-social-norms-marketing-intervention-on-alcohol-use-perceptions-consumption-and-blackouts
#12
Jinni Su, Linda Hancock, Amanda Wattenmaker McGann, Mariam Alshagra, Rhianna Ericson, Zackaria Niazi, Danielle M Dick, Amy Adkins
Objective To evaluate the effect of a campus-wide social norms marketing intervention on alcohol-use perceptions, consumption, and blackouts at a large, urban, public university. Participants 4,172 college students (1,208 freshmen, 1,159 sophomores, 953 juniors, 852 seniors) who completed surveys in Spring 2015 for the Spit for Science Study, a longitudinal study of students' substance use and emotional health. Methods Participants were emailed an online survey that queried campaign readership, perception of peer alcohol use, alcohol consumption, frequency of consumption and frequency of blackouts...
September 22, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937858/our-mother-s-mitochondria-and-our-mind
#13
Peter Kramer, Paola Bressan
Most of the energy we get to spend is furnished by mitochondria, minuscule living structures sitting inside our cells or dispatched back and forth within them to where they are needed. Mitochondria produce energy by burning down what remains of our meal after we have digested it, but at the cost of constantly corroding themselves and us. Here we review how our mitochondria evolved from invading bacteria and have retained a small amount of independence from us; how we inherit them only from our mother; and how they are heavily implicated in learning, memory, cognition, and virtually every mental or neurological affliction...
September 1, 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937608/assessment-of-clicker-training-for-shelter-cats
#14
Lori Kogan, Cheryl Kolus, Regina Schoenfeld-Tacher
Clicker training has the potential to mitigate stress among shelter cats by providing environmental enrichment and human interaction. This study assessed the ability of cats housed in a shelter-like setting to learn new behaviors via clicker training in a limited amount of time. One hundred shelter cats were enrolled in the study. Their baseline ability to perform four specific behaviors touching a target, sitting, spinning, and giving a high-five was assessed, before exposing them to 15, five-min clicker training sessions, followed by a post-training assessment...
September 22, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937449/persistent-encopresis-enuresis-and-anxiety-in-a-7-year-old-girl
#15
Theodora Nelson, Heekyung Chae, Ran D Anbar, Martin T Stein
Sonia is a 7-year-old old girl who was referred to the Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics Clinic by the Pediatric Urology Clinic because of persistent wetting and soiling behaviors. Since age 3 years, she has had a history of encopresis (and wetting) for which she has seen gastroenterology and urology specialists. The mother reports that Sonia has accidents almost daily, and she is not upset when sitting in her urine or feces. She dislikes going into the bathroom or sitting on the toilet by herself. She participated in a behavior modification program associated with the pediatric urology clinic, which helps children learn healthy voiding habits and achieve continence...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937096/sit-down-with-the-experts
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935825/effect-of-tapering-after-a-period-of-high-volume-sprint-interval-training-on-running-performance-and-muscular-adaptations-in-moderately-trained-runners
#17
Casper Skovgaard, Nicki Winfield Almquist, Thue Kvorning, Peter Møller Christensen, Jens Bangsbo
The effect of tapering following a period of high-volume sprint interval training (SIT) and a basic volume of aerobic training on performance and muscle adaptations in moderately trained runners was examined. Eleven (8 males, 3 females) runners (maximum oxygen uptake (VO2-max): 56.8±2.9 mL·min(-1)·kg(-1); mean±SD) conducted high-volume SIT (HV; 20 SIT sessions; 8-12 x 30-s all-out) for 40 days followed by 18 days of tapering (TAP; 4 SIT sessions; 4 x 30-s all-out). Before and after HV as well as midway through and at the end of TAP, the subjects completed a 10-km running test and a repeated running test at 90% of vVO2-max to exhaustion (RRT)...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935007/an-international-survey-of-approaches-to-chair-restraint-of-nonhuman-primates
#18
Jennifer L McMillan, Mollie A Bloomsmith, Mark J Prescott
Specifically designed restraint chairs are the preferred method of restraint for research studies that require NHP to sit in place for sustained periods of time. In light of increasing emphasis on refinement of restraint to improve animal wellbeing, it is important to have a better understanding of this potentially stressful procedure. Although chair restraint is used internationally, very little published information is available on this subject. We developed a survey to obtain an overview of equipment, procedures, and plans for improvement regarding chair restraint...
October 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934966/effectiveness-of-an-interactive-telerehabilitation-system-with-home-based-exercise-training-in-patients-after-total-hip-or-knee-replacement-study-protocol-for-a-multicenter-superiority-no-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Sarah Eichler, Sophie Rabe, Annett Salzwedel, Steffen Müller, Josefine Stoll, Nina Tilgner, Michael John, Karl Wegscheider, Frank Mayer, Heinz Völler
BACKGROUND: Total hip or knee replacement is one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures. Physical rehabilitation following total hip or knee replacement is an essential part of the therapy to improve functional outcomes and quality of life. After discharge from inpatient rehabilitation, a subsequent postoperative exercise therapy is needed to maintain functional mobility. Telerehabilitation may be a potential innovative treatment approach. We aim to investigate the superiority of an interactive telerehabilitation intervention for patients after total hip or knee replacement, in comparison to usual care, regarding physical performance, functional mobility, quality of life and pain...
September 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934897/single-incision-versus-multiport-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-lung-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Zhang Yang, Zhenghai Shen, Qinghua Zhou, Yunchao Huang
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies compared single-incision thoracoscopic surgery (SITS) with more widely used conventional multiport video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in the treatment of lung cancer. To establish the safety and feasible of SITS in the treatment of lung cancer, we conducted this systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Eleven studies were identified from the databases of PubMed, Cochrane Library, SpringerLink, and ScienceDirect. The randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-randomized studies evaluated the outcomes of SITS compared with multiport video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in the treatment of lung cancer were included for analysis...
September 21, 2017: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
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