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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148618/interest-in-tanning-beds-and-sunscreen-in-german-speaking-countries
#1
Michael C Kirchberger, Laura F Kirchberger, Thomas K Eigentler, Raphael Reinhard, Carola Berking, Gerold Schuler, Lucie Heinzerling, Markus V Heppt
BACKGROUND: The growing incidence of nearly all types of skin cancer can be attributed to increased exposure to natural or artificial ultraviolet (UV) radiation. However, there is a scarcity of statistical data on risk behavior or sunscreen use, which would be important for any prevention efforts. METHODS: Using the search engine Google(®) , we analyzed search patterns for the terms Solarium (tanning bed), Sonnencreme (sunscreen), and Sonnenschutz (sun protection) in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland between 2004 and 2016, and compared it to search patterns worldwide...
November 17, 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144288/gas-composition-of-sludge-residue-profiles-in-a-sludge-treatment-reed-bed-between-loadings
#2
Julie D Larsen, Steen M Nielsen, Charlotte Scheutz
Treatment of sludge in sludge treatment reed bed systems includes dewatering and mineralization. The mineralization process, which is driven by microorganisms, produces different gas species as by-products. The pore space composition of the gas species provides useful information on the biological processes occurring in the sludge residue. In this study, we measured the change in composition of gas species in the pore space at different depth levels in vertical sludge residue profiles during a resting period of 32 days...
November 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144185/rest-activity-circadian-rhythm-and-sleep-quality-in-patients-with-binge-eating-disorder
#3
E Roveda, A Montaruli, L Galasso, C Pesenti, E Bruno, P Pasanisi, M Cortellini, S Rampichini, S Erzegovesi, A Caumo, F Esposito
Recent findings suggest that altered rest-activity circadian rhythms (RARs) are associated with a compromised health status. RARs abnormalities have been observed also in several pathological conditions, such as cardiovascular, neurological, and cancer diseases. Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most common eating disorder, with a prevalence of 3.5% in women and 2% in men. BED and its associate obesity and motor inactivity could induce RARs disruption and have negative consequences on health-related quality of life...
November 16, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123389/alveolar-capillary-reserve-during-exercise-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#4
Mehrdad Behnia, Courtney M Wheatley, Alberto Avolio, Bruce D Johnson
Background: Factors limiting exercise in patients with COPD are complex. With evidence for accelerated pulmonary vascular aging, destruction of alveolar-capillary bed, and hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction, the ability to functionally expand surface area during exercise may become a primary limitation. Purpose: To quantify measures of alveolar-capillary recruitment during exercise and the relationship to exercise capacity in a cohort of COPD patients. Methods: Thirty-two subjects gave consent (53% male, with mean ± standard deviation age 66±9 years, smoking 35±29 pack-years, and Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) classification of 0-4: 2...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119295/treatment-of-hip-fracture-of-pope-innocent-xii-by-marcello-malpighi-with-bed-rest
#5
REVIEW
Marco Bigoni, Giovanni Zatti, Nicolò Zanchi, Filippo Maria Anghilieri, Michele A Riva
Marcello Malpighi (1628-1694), who is referred to as the father of microscopical anatomy, histology, physiology and embryology was an Italian biologist and physician, well known for his discoveries on microscopical anatomy of kidney, circulating and lymphatic systems. As well as being a brilliant anatomist, Malpighi was also a valued physician so far as to became the personal physician of Pope Innocent XII (1615-1700). On 23 August 1691, one month after his election, the Pope fell to the ground hitting his left hip...
November 8, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112543/european-guidelines-on-perioperative-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-surgery-during-pregnancy-and-the-immediate-postpartum-period
#6
Anne-Sophie Ducloy-Bouthors, Andrea Baldini, Rezan Abdul-Kadir, Jacky Nizard
: Thromboembolic events in the pregnant and postpartum patient remain rare but potentially fatal complications. The aim of this section was to analyse the few prospective studies addressing the issue of thromboprophylaxis following a surgical procedure during and immediately after pregnancy, as well as national guidelines, and to propose European guidelines on this specific condition. Thromboprophylaxis is broadly recommended due to the combined risks of surgery and pregnancy or the postpartum period, regardless of the mode of delivery...
November 6, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108694/outdoor-air-1-3-butadiene-monitoring-near-a-petrochemical-industry-tarragona-region-and-in-several-catalan-urban-areas-using-active-multi-sorbent-bed-tubes-and-analysis-through-td-gc-ms
#7
Eva Gallego, Francisco Javier Roca, José Francisco Perales, Enrique Gadea
1,3-Butadiene is a carcinogenic compound that can be emitted to the atmosphere from several sources, such as the combustion of organic matter or traffic. However, petrochemical industry is one of the main origins of this compound. Several campaigns (2013-2017) were conducted in twelve Catalan urban areas to determine 1,3-butadiene concentrations in outdoor air, five of which were close to Tarragona petrochemical region. 1,3-Butadiene was dynamically sampled in multi-sorbent bed tubes (Carbotrap, Carbopack X and Carboxen 569) using portable pump equipment...
November 4, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099160/evaluation-of-the-occurrence-and-diagnose-definitions-for-nocturnal-polyuria-in-spinal-cord-injured-patients-during-rehabilitation
#8
Annick Viaene, Marie-Astrid Denys, An-Sofie Goessaert, Jana Claeys, Ann Raes, Saskia Roggeman, Karel Everaert
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the occurrence of nocturnal polyuria in spinal cord injured (SCI) patients and the definitions which are preferable in this population. AIM: To determine the occurrence of nocturnal polyuria (NP) in spinal cord injured patients during in-patient rehabilitation in the Ghent University Hospital. To study the influence of different time periods (daytime, bed rest and sleep) on the accuracy of the existing diagnose definitions for NP specifically for this type of patients...
November 3, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095320/transient-sick-sinus-syndrome-with-complete-atrioventricular-block-associated-with-ergonovine-intake-a-case-report
#9
Hui-Ting Wang, Wen-Hao Liu, Yung-Lung Chen
RATIONALE: More mature or older women are more likely to undergo in vitro fertilization and embryo implant. These women have a greater chance of receiving ergonovine therapy because of a suspected abortion. We present this case report to call attention to a latent lethal adverse effect in everyday obstetric practice using ergonovine. It requires more attention and close monitoring PATIENT CONCERNS:: We presented the case of a 38-year-old female patient with general weakness and mild chest tightness after ergonovine use...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091038/assessment-of-the-biomechanical-effects-of-prophylactic-sacral-dressings-on-tissue-loads-a-computational-modeling-analysis
#10
Ayelet Levy, Amit Gefen
The sacrum is the most susceptible anatomical site for developing pressure injuries, including deep tissue injuries, during supine lying. Prophylactic dressings generally are designed to reduce friction, alleviate internal tissue shear, manage the microclimate, and overall cushion the soft tissues subjected to sustained deformations under the sacrum. Using computational modeling, the authors developed a set of 8 magnetic resonance imaging-based, 3-dimensional finite element models of the buttocks of a healthy 28-year-old woman for comparing the biomechanical effects of different prophylactic sacral dressing designs when used during supine lying on a standard hospital foam mattress...
October 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077223/sensitivity-of-serum-concentration-of-cartilage-biomarkers-to-21-days-of-bed-rest
#11
Anna-Maria Liphardt, Annegret Mündermann, Thomas P Andriacchi, Silvia Achtzehn, Martina Heer, Joachim Mester
The objective of the study was to test the hypothesis that serum levels of cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) would decrease and serum levels of tumor-necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and selected matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) would increase in response to bed rest (BR) and that these changes are unaffected by the intake of potassium bicarbonate or whey protein. Seven and nine healthy male subjects participated in two 21-day 6° head down tilt crossover BR-studies with nutrition interventions. Serum samples were taken before, during, and after BR and biomarker concentrations were measured using commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075507/pilot-parallel-randomised-controlled-trial-of-protective-socks-against-usual-care-to-reduce-skin-tears-in-high-risk-people-stopcuts
#12
Roy J Powell, Christopher J Hayward, Caroline L Snelgrove, Kathleen Polverino, Linda Park, Rohan Chauhan, Philip H Evans, Rachel Byford, Carolyn Charman, Christopher J W Foy, Colin Pritchard, Andrew Kingsley
BACKGROUND: Skin tears are common in older adults and those taking steroids and warfarin. They are traumatic, often blunt injuries caused by oblique knocks to the extremities. The epidermis may separate from the dermis or both layers from underlying tissues leaving a skin flap or total loss of tissue, which is painful and prone to infection. 'Dermatuff™' knee-length socks containing Kevlar fibres (used in stab-proof vests and motorcyclists' clothing) aim to prevent skin tears. The acceptability of the socks and the feasibility of a randomised controlled trial (RCT) had not been explored...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073462/implementing-early-mobilisation-in-the-intensive-care-unit-an-integrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Sonja Phelan, Frances Lin, Marion Mitchell, Wendy Chaboyer
BACKGROUND: The intensive care unit provides complex care for critically ill patients. Consequently, due to the nature of critical illness and the therapies administered in intensive care, patients are often on prolonged periods of bed rest with limited mobility. It has been recognised that mobilising critically ill patients is beneficial to patients' recovery, however implementing early mobility as a standard of care remains challenging in practice. OBJECTIVES: To identify the key factors that underpin successful implementation and sustainability of early mobilisation in adult intensive care units...
October 2, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071897/-characteristics-of-deqi-induced-by-needling-zusanli-st-36-in-527-healthy-volunteers-with-different-constitutions
#14
Fei Liu, Xiao-Guang Yang, Xue-Zhi Li, Ni-Ni Fu, Xiao-Fang Xi, Yi Ren
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between the theory of constitution in terms of Chinese medicine and clinical efficacy of acupuncture treatment via analyzling the characteristics of Deqi during acupuncture stimulation of Zusanli (ST 36) in healthy volunteers with different constitutions. METHODS: In the present study, a total of 527 healthy undergraduate student volunteers (267 girls and 260 boys) were recruited. They received questionnaire first about their constitutions in accordance with Professor WANG Qi's Classification and Determination of Constitution in terms of Chinese medicine...
December 25, 2016: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055128/a-generalized-outflow-boundary-condition-impedance-model-for-non-invasive-prediction-of-ischemia-in-diseased-coronary-arteries
#15
Iyad A Fayssal, Fadl Moukalled, Samir Alam, Hussain Isma'eel
This paper reports on a new boundary condition formulation to model the total coronary myocardial flow and impedance characteristics of the myocardial vascular bed for any specific patient when considered for non-invasive diagnosis of fractional flow reserve (FFR). The developed boundary condition model inherits an implicit representation of the downstream truncated vascular bed and is based on integrating patient-specific physiologic parameters that can be non-invasively extracted for each patient to account for blood flow demand to the myocardium at rest and hyperemic conditions...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046154/neural-network-alterations-across-eating-disorders-a-narrative-review-of-fmri-studies
#16
Trevor Steward, José M Menchón, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Carles Soriano-Mas, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has provided insight on how neural abnormalities are related to the symptomatology of the eating disorders (EDs): anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED). More specifically, an increasingly growing number of brain imaging studies has shed light on how functionally connected brain networks contribute not only to disturbed eating behavior, but also to transdiagnostic alterations in body/interoceptive perception, reward processing and executive functions...
October 17, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039154/severe-headache-following-ozone-therapy-pneumocephalus
#17
Hüseyin Toman, Uğur Özdemir, Hasan Ali Kiraz, Nurettin Lüleci
Pneumocephalus is defined as air in the cranial cavity. Pneumocephalus can result from inadvertent dural puncture during lumbar epidural anesthesia or epidural steroid injection. Presently described is case of 41-year-old woman who had undergone lumbar disc hernia operation but due to ongoing complaints, was diagnosed as having failed back surgery syndrome. Percutaneous epidural neuroplasty was performed. In the operating room, under sterile conditions and under sedoanalgesia, Racz catheter was inserted in caudal area and guided to epidural area with scope...
July 2017: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032726/effect-of-macro-and-micro-nutrients-addition-during-anaerobic-mono-digestion-of-grass-silage-in-leach-bed-reactors
#18
Padma Shanthi Jagadabhi, Prasad Kaparaju, Ari Väisänen, Jukka Rintala
The effect of macro- (NH4Cl) (set I) and micro-nutrients (Fe, Ni, Co and Mo) (set II) addition on chemical oxygen demand (COD) solubilization during anaerobic mono-digestion of grass silage was investigated in two sets of leach bed reactor (LBR) experiments at 35°C. Results showed that addition of NH4Cl and micro-nutrients improved COD solubilization by 18% (0.56 g SCOD g(-1) volatile solids, VS) and 7% (0.45 gSCOD g(-1)VS) respectively than control. About 20-50% of the added micro-nutrients were bioavailable in the produced leachates, while the rest (50-80%) were adsorbed on to the grass silage...
October 14, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031727/angiopoietin-like-protein-4-is-an-exercise-induced-hepatokine-in-humans-regulated-by-glucagon-and-camp
#19
Bodil Ingerslev, Jakob S Hansen, Christoph Hoffmann, Jens O Clemmesen, Niels H Secher, Mika Scheler, Martin Hrabĕ de Angelis, Hans U Häring, Bente K Pedersen, Cora Weigert, Peter Plomgaard
OBJECTIVE: Angiopoietin-like protein-4 (ANGPTL4) is a circulating protein that is highly expressed in liver and implicated in regulation of plasma triglyceride levels. Systemic ANGPTL4 increases during prolonged fasting and is suggested to be secreted from skeletal muscle following exercise. METHODS: We investigated the origin of exercise-induced ANGPTL4 in humans by measuring the arterial-to-venous difference over the leg and the hepato-splanchnic bed during an acute bout of exercise...
October 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030644/how-to-prevent-the-detrimental-effects-of-two-months-of-bed-rest-on-muscle-bone-and-cardiovascular-system-an-rct
#20
Andreas Kramer, Albert Gollhofer, Gabriele Armbrecht, Dieter Felsenberg, Markus Gruber
Physical inactivity leads to a deconditioning of the skeletal, neuromuscular and cardiovascular system. It can lead to impaired quality of life, loss of autonomy, falls and fractures. Regular exercise would be a logical remedy, but the generally recommended high-volume endurance and strength training programs require a lot of time and equipment. In this randomized controlled study with 23 healthy participants, we established that a short, intensive jump training program can prevent the large musculoskeletal and cardiovascular deconditioning effects caused by two months of physical inactivity during bed rest, particularly the loss of bone mineral mass and density, lean muscle mass, maximal leg strength and peak oxygen uptake...
October 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
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