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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782305/tatami-mats-a-source-of-pitted-keratolysis-in-a-martial-arts-athlete
#1
Anamaria Balić, Zrinka Bukvić Mokos, Branka Marinović, Daniela Ledić Drvar
Dear Editor, Pitted keratolysis (PK), also known as keratosis plantaris sulcatum, is a non-inflammatory, bacterial, superficial cutaneous infection, characterized by many discrete superficial crateriform ''pits'' and erosions in the thickly keratinized skin of the weight-bearing regions of the soles of the feet (1). The disease often goes unnoticed by the patient, but when it is noticed it is because of the unbearable malodor and hyperhidrosis of the feet, which are socially unacceptable and cause great anxiety to many of the patients...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536423/temporal-dynamics-of-gut-microbiota-in-triclocarban-exposed-weaned-rats
#2
Rebekah C Kennedy, Russell R Fling, Michael S Robeson, Arnold M Saxton, Liesel G Schneider, John L Darcy, David A Bemis, Ling Zhao, Jiangang Chen
Widely used as an antimicrobial in antibacterial bar soaps, triclocarban (3,4,4'-trichlorocarbanilide; TCC) is effective against Gram-positive bacteria but shows little efficacy against Gram-negative strains, potentially altering the composition of indigenous microflora within and on the human body. To date, the consequence of continuous or previous nonprescription antimicrobial exposure from compounds in personal care products on commensal microflora is still elusive. Previous research has shown that TCC exposure during gestation and lactation induced dysbiosis of gut microbial communities among exposed dams and neonates...
March 13, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528192/deriving-a-water-quality-guideline-for-protection-of-aquatic-communities-exposed-to-triclosan-in-the-canadian-environment
#3
Katie L Hill, Roger L Breton, Gillian E Manning, R Scott Teed, Marie Capdevielle, Brian Slezak
Triclosan is an antibacterial and antifungal chemical used in a variety of consumer products, including soaps, detergents, moisturizers, and cosmetics. Aquatic ecosystems may be exposed to triclosan following the release of remaining residues in wastewater effluents and biosolids. In December 2017, Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) released a federal environmental quality guideline (FEQG) report that contained a federal water quality guideline (FWQG) for triclosan. This guideline will be used as an adjunct to the risk assessment and risk management of priority chemicals identified under the Government of Canada's Chemicals Management Plan (CMP)...
March 12, 2018: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520956/effect-of-chemical-disinfectants-on-the-color-stability-of-maxillofacial-silicones-an-in-vitro-study
#4
Ankita Chamaria, Meena A Aras, Vidya Chitre, Praveen Rajagopal
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of chemical disinfection on the color stability of room temperature vulcanizing (RTV) maxillofacial silicone elastomer with and without pigment addition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty specimens were obtained from a RTV maxillofacial silicone. The specimens were randomly divided into 6 groups according to pigments and disinfectant to be used (n = 10). NP-DW-nonpigmented silicone specimens to be immersed in distilled water (control)...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320234/influence-of-soap-characteristics-and-food-service-facility-type-on-the-degree-of-bacterial-contamination-of-open-refillable-bulk-soaps
#5
Donald W Schaffner, Dane Jensen, Charles P Gerba, David Shumaker, James W Arbogast
Concern has been raised regarding the public health risks from refillable bulk-soap dispensers because they provide an environment for potentially pathogenic bacteria to grow. This study surveyed the microbial quality of open refillable bulk soap in four different food establishment types in three states. Two hundred ninety-six samples of bulk soap were collected from food service establishments in Arizona, New Jersey, and Ohio. Samples were tested for total heterotrophic viable bacteria, Pseudomonas, coliforms and Escherichia coli, and Salmonella...
February 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237649/canadian-physicians-knowledge-and-counseling-practices-related-to-antibiotic-use-and-antimicrobial-resistance-two-cycle-national-survey
#6
Courtney R Smith, Lisa Pogany, Simon Foley, Jun Wu, Karen Timmerman, Margaret Gale-Rowe, Alain Demers
OBJECTIVE: To establish a baseline for physicians' knowledge of and counseling practices on the use of antibiotics and antimicrobial resistance (AMR), and to determine potential changes in these measures after the implementation of a national AMR awareness campaign. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1600 physicians. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Physicians' knowledge of and counseling practices on antibiotic use and AMR at baseline and after implementation of the AMR awareness campaign...
December 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197580/evaluation-of-reproductive-toxicity-in-rats-treated-with-triclosan
#7
Karine Vandressa Pernoncini, Bruno Garcia Montagnini, Maria Luiza Marino de Góes, Patricia Carvalho Garcia, Daniela Cristina Ceccatto Gerardin
Triclosan (TCS) is an antibacterial agent used in a variety of consumer products such as: soaps, deodorant, and toothpaste, among others. Some studies have reported the (anti)androgenic effects of TCS in the male reproductive system, raising concerns about its effects on the reproductive axis. In this study, the (anti)androgenicity of TCS was evaluated in the Hershberger assay in 52-day old male Wistar rats. Additionally, the sexual behavior, sperm motility, sperm viability, and testicular histomorphometry were evaluated in a second protocol to investigate the reproductive effects of TCS in 49-day old male Wistar rats...
January 2018: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166523/the-ph-of-the-main-brazilian-commercial-moisturizers-and-liquid-soaps-considerations-on-the-repair-of-the-skin-barrier
#8
Giovana M Gonçalves, Gabrielli Brianezi, Hélio Amante Miot
The pH of the skin is slightly acidic (4.6 to 5.8) which is important for appropriate antibacterial, antifungal, constitution of barrier function, as well as structuring and maturation of the stratum corneum. This study aimed to evaluate the pH of the main commercial moisturizers and liquid soaps in Brazil. Thus, pH of the products was quantified by pH meter in three measurements. A total of 38 moisturizers and six commercial liquid soaps were evaluated. Mean pH of 63% and 50% of the moisturizing and liquid soaps presented results above 5...
September 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159021/mitochondrial-uncoupler-triclosan-induces-vasorelaxation-of-rat-arteries
#9
Xiyue Zhang, Xinzi Zhang, Yanqiu Zhang, Mingyu Liu, Jing Jin, Jie Yan, Xin Shen, Nan Hu, Deli Dong
Our previous studies found that mitochondrial uncouplers induced vasodilation. Triclosan, the broad spectrum antibacterial agent, is the active ingredient in soaps and toothpastes. It was reported that triclosan induced mitochondrial uncoupling, so we aim to investigate the effects of triclosan on vascular function of rat mesenteric arteries and aorta. The isometric tension of rat mesenteric artery and thoracic aorta was recorded by multi-wire myograph system. The cytosolic [Ca2+ ]i , mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (mitoROS), and mitochondrial membrane potential of smooth muscle cells (A10 cells) were measured using laser scanning confocal microscopy...
November 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044318/antibiotic-activity-of-plectranthus-ornatus-codd-a-traditional-medicinal-plant
#10
Fernanda R Nascimento, Kamylla R S Albuquerque, Marcos R Oliveira, Virginia R Pizziolo, Beatriz G Brasileiro, Gaspar Diaz, Marisa A N Diaz
The dichloromethane extract of Plectranthus ornatus Codd., a tradicional medicinal plant, showed antibiotic activity with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of 0.4 mg.mL-1 and 100 percent of biofilm inhibition against Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from animals with mastitis infections. Based on these antibacterial activities, in addition to ethnopharmacological reports from healing men and farmers in Brazil, an herbal soap was produced from this active extract and was tested both in vitro and in vivo...
2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780452/the-impact-of-antibacterial-handsoap-constituents-on-the-dynamics-of-triclosan-dissolution-from-dry-sand
#11
Daniel A Koehler, Keith A Strevett, Charalambos Papelis, Tohren C G Kibbey
Triclosan has been widely used as an antibacterial agent in consumer and industrial products, and large quantities continue to be discharged to natural waters annually. The focus of this work was on studying the dynamics of triclosan dissolution following evaporative drying. Warm weather can cause the water in intermittent streams or the unsaturated zone to evaporate, causing nonvolatile compounds to form solid precipitates. Because dissolution of precipitates is a relatively slow process, the dynamics of dissolution following evaporation may play an important role in controlling the release of contaminants to the environment...
November 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339349/is-triclosan-a-neurotoxic-agent
#12
REVIEW
Joanna A Ruszkiewicz, Shaojun Li, Maliya B Rodriguez, Michael Aschner
Triclosan (TCS) is an antibacterial agent that has been used in many products since 1960s. Given its broad usage as an antiseptic TCS is present ubiquitously in the environment. Trace levels of TCS continue to be detected in many organisms, and it has been shown to be particularly toxic to aquatic species. The mechanisms underlying TCS-mediated toxicity include hormone dyshomeostasis, induction of oxidative stress, apoptosis and inflammation. Although TCS has been considered to be non-toxic to mammals, the adverse effects of continuous, long-term and low concentration exposure remain unknown...
2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132117/evaluation-of-antimicrobial-persistent-activity-of-alcohol-based-hand-antiseptics-against-bacterial-contamination
#13
R M López-Gigosos, E Mariscal-López, M Gutierrez-Bedmar, A García-Rodriguez, A Mariscal
The purpose of this study was to evaluate persistent activity of three alcohol-based antiseptics widely used in the clinical routine containing chlorhexidine, triclosan or mecetronium after hand disinfection. Four tests were used to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of antiseptics on: (i) resident microbiota; (ii) nutrient agar plates (NAP) subsequently inoculated with a test organism; and transient microbiota acquired by contact with dry hands (iii), or (iv) a wet inert surface that had been artificially contaminated...
July 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986361/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effectiveness-of-antiseptic-agents-for-meatal-cleaning-in-the-prevention-of-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections
#14
REVIEW
O Fasugba, J Koerner, B G Mitchell, A Gardner
BACKGROUND: Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are among the most common healthcare-associated infections. Antiseptic cleaning of the meatal area before and during catheter use may reduce the risk of CAUTIs. AIM: To undertake a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis of studies investigating the effectiveness of antiseptic cleaning before urinary catheter insertion and during catheter use for prevention of CAUTIs. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched to identify randomized controlled trials...
March 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981857/effective-modified-conservative-tissue-preserving-protocol-to-treat-stage-i-axillary-hidradenitis-suppurativa-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-627-patients-with-five-years-follow-up
#15
Bader Hamza Shirah, Hamza Asaad Shirah
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic inflammatory cutaneous disorder that involves the infundibular terminal follicles in areas rich in apocrine glands and associated with the formation of abscesses and fistulating sinus. The clinical course is variable, and definitive evidence-based guidelines for the management are not well-established. Conservative treatment is controversial, and surgical excision is the recommended method. Herein, we aim to analyze the results of a modified conservative tissue preserving management protocol for stage I axillary hidradenitis suppurativa...
August 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722057/triclosan-in-water-implications-for-human-and-environmental-health
#16
REVIEW
L W B Olaniyan, N Mkwetshana, A I Okoh
Triclosan (TCS) is a broad spectrum antibacterial agent present as an active ingredient in some personal care products such as soaps, toothpastes and sterilizers. It is an endocrine disrupting compound and its increasing presence in water resources as well as in biosolid-amended soils used in farming, its potential for bioaccumulation in fatty tissues and toxicity in aquatic organisms are a cause for concern to human and environmental health. TCS has also been detected in blood, breast milk, urine and nails of humans...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585555/microbicidal-effects-of-plain-soap-vs-triclocarban-based-antibacterial-soap
#17
S A Kim, M S Rhee
The aim of this study was to determine the bactericidal effects of plain and antibacterial soap. The bactericidal effects of plain and antibacterial soap containing 0.3% triclocarban were examined against 10 Gram-positive and 10 Gram-negative bacterial strains after exposure at 22°C and 40°C for 20 s. Gram-negative bacteria were more susceptible to both soaps than Gram-positive bacteria. However, with one exception (Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 19433 at 40°C), there was no significant difference between the effects of medicated and non-medicated soap at either temperature...
November 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573526/the-disinfect-initiative-decreasing-the-incidence-of-surgical-infections-in-gynecologic-oncology
#18
Jolyn S Taylor, Claire A Marten, Mark F Munsell, Charlotte C Sun, Kimberly A Potts, Jennifer K Burzawa, Alpa M Nick, Larissa A Meyer, Keith Myers, Diane C Bodurka, Thomas A Aloia, Charles F Levenback, David R Lairson, Kathleen M Schmeler
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) lead to increased patient morbidity and healthcare costs. Our objective was to decrease the SSI rate following gynecologic surgery. METHODS: Adult patients undergoing abdominal surgery for gynecologic malignancy or benign disease received the following: patient education; preoperative antibacterial soap; appropriate antibiotic prophylaxis; change of gloves and use of clean instruments at surgical closure; surgical dressing for 48 h; and a post-discharge phone call...
February 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500309/chemical-composition-and-antimicrobial-activity-of-fatty-acid-methyl-ester-of-quercus-leucotrichophora-fruits
#19
Ankita Sati, Sushil Chandra Sati, Nitin Sati, O P Sati
Natural fats and dietary oils are chief source of fatty acids and are well known to have antimicrobial activities against various microbes. The chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of fatty acids from fruits of white Oak (Quercus leucotrichophora) are yet unexplored and therefore the present study for the first time determines the fatty acid composition, and the antibacterial and antifungal activities of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) of the white Oak plant found along the Himalayan region of Uttarakhand, India...
March 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377698/the-cutaneous-microbiome-and-aspects-of-skin-antimicrobial-defense-system-resist-acute-treatment-with-topical-skin-cleansers
#20
Aimee M Two, Teruaki Nakatsuji, Paul F Kotol, Evangelia Arvanitidou, Laurence Du-Thumm, Tissa R Hata, Richard L Gallo
The human skin microbiome has been suggested to play an essential role in maintaining health by contributing to innate defense of the skin. These observations have inspired speculation that the use of common skin washing techniques may be detrimental to the epidermal antibacterial defense system by altering the microbiome. In this study, several common skin cleansers were used to wash human forearms and the short-term effect on the abundance of the antimicrobial peptide LL-37 and the abundance and diversity of bacterial DNA was measured...
October 2016: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
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