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Basedow graves

Štefan Sotak
Selenium (latin Selenium) is a micronutrient embedded in several proteins. In adults, the thyroid is the organ with the highest amount of selenium per gram of tissue. Selenium levels in the body depend on the characteristics of the population and its diet and geographic area. In the thyroid, selenium is required for the antioxidant function and for the metabolism of thyroid hormones. The literature suggests that selenium supplementation of patients with Hashimotos thyroiditis is associated with a reduction in antithyroperoxidase antibody levels...
December 0: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Tristan Struja, Alexander Kutz, Stefan Fischli, Christian Meier, Beat Mueller, Mike Recher, Philipp Schuetz
BACKGROUND: Uncertainty about factors influencing the susceptibility and triggers for Graves' disease persists, along with a wide variation in the response to anti-thyroid drugs, currently at approximately 50% of non-responders. The aim of this narrative review is to summarize immunological concepts, with a combined endocrine and immunological perspective, to highlight potential new areas of research. MAIN TEXT: Relevant studies were identified through a systematic literature search using the PubMed and EMBASE databases in March 2016...
September 25, 2017: BMC Medicine
Alejandra Lanas, Patricia Díaz, Daniela Eugenin, Franco González, Pía Cid, Francisco Cordero, Verónica Araya, Claudio Liberman, Marcela Barberan, Patricio Gac, Neil Saldías, Pedro Pineda
BACKGROUND: Basedow Graves disease (BGD) is the leading cause of hyperthyroidism. The characteristics of patients seen at a university hospital may differ from those described in the general population. AIM: To describe the clinical features of patients with BGD seen at a university hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Review of medical records of all patients seen at our hospital between 2009 and 2014 with the diagnosis of thyrotoxicosis, hyperthyroidism or BGD...
April 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
Ismael Capel, Elisabet Tasa-Vinyals, Albert Cano-Palomares, Irene Bergés-Raso, Lara Albert, Mercedes Rigla, Assumpta Caixàs
SUMMARY: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is an atypical, severe but reversible form of acute heart insufficiency. It typically presents with left ventricular failure, transient apical and mid-segments hypokinesis, absence of significant coronary stenosis and new electrographic abnormalities and/or elevation in serum cardiac enzymes. Although TC ('broken heart syndrome') has classically been associated with emotional trauma, evidence suggests that other precipitants might exist, including iatrogenic and thyroid-mediated forms...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
Marie-Pierrette Ntyonga-Pono, Daniela Nsame
Graves-basedow's disease is an autoimmune thyreopathy which represents the most common cause of hyperthyroidism in both adults and children. This disease would be related to a genetic predisposition influenced by environmental triggers, including stress. This study aims to present a case of Graves' disease in children whose unusual trigger would be student abuse, a broad challenge with multiple implications.
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
E Espinosa-Muñoz, D Ramírez-Ocaña, A M Martín-García, F J Ruiz-García, C Puentes-Zarzuela
The case is presented of a 3 year-old girl with mitochondrial disease (subacute necrotizing encephalomyelopathy of Leigh syndrome), v-stage chronic kidney disease of a diffuse mesangial sclerosis, as well as developmental disorders, and diagnosed with hyperthyroidism Graves-Basedow disease. Six weeks after starting the treatment with neo-carbimazole, the patient reported a serious case of agranulocytosis. This led to stopping the anti-thyroid drugs, and was treated successfully with (131)I ablation therapy...
July 2017: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
Meriem Chenguir, Hajar Souldi, Fatima Zahra Loufad, Sami Rouadi, Reda Abada, Mohamed Roubal, Mohamed Mahtar
Thyroid abscess is a very rare clinical entity. It accounts for 0.1% of the surgical pathologies of the thyroid gland. The anatomical and physiological characteristics of the gland give it resistance to pathogens. Streptococcal and Staphylococcal are the most common. Tuberculosis is rarely reported in the literature. The occurrence of infection associated with toxic goiter is exceptional. The authors report a rare case of a 22-year-old young patient with thyroid abscess revealing a toxic goitre. He presented to our otorhinolaryngology emergency unit with anterior cervical swelling, slightly lateralized to the left, moving on swallowing, associated with hemoptysis, signs of thyroid dysfunction, fever, night sweats...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Zdeněk Fryšák, David Karásek, Milan Halenka
Endocrine orbitopathy (EO) must be understood mainly as a result of oxidative stress. The pathological process finally affects both the appearance and vision of the patient. In the case of inappropriate or late treatment or lack of patient cooperation, it significantly influences the quality of life of those affected. In spite of the sophisticated dia-gnostic algorithms, in some cases it is difficult to confirm the diagnosis of EO. The range of laboratory methods, the essential part of the diagnostic process, has only recently been extended by the possibility of quantification of specific, stimulating immunoglobulins (TSI)...
December 0: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Nassim Essabah Haraj, Hayat Ahandar, Siham El Aziz, Asma Chadli
The presence of hyperthyroidism is no longer an insurance against the occurrence of thyroid cancer. The combination of the two is common. This is a retrospective study of 355 files of patients followed for differentiated thyroid cancer in the endocrinology department at CHU IBN ROCHD from 1986 to 2014. 12 of those patients were followed for hyperthyroidism, and a fortuitous association with differentiated thyroid cancer was found during the anatomopathological exam, giving us a 3.38% prevalence. The average age of discovery is 44...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Adriana Handra-Luca, Ema Dragoescu
Thyroid lymphoepithelial complexes (LECos) are rare, being reported in lymphoma, Graves-Basedow disease, Hashimoto thyroiditis, pericarcinomatous thyroid or in the context of branchial cleft-like cysts. Here we report immunohistochemical expression of cytokeratin 5/6, P63 and TTF1 in 6 cases of thyroid LECos. Two cases had carbimazole treatment for hyperthyroidia and Graves disease. Anti-thyroglobulin, -thyroperoxidase or -TSH antibodies were detected in 4 cases. NSAID or poviodone iodine allergy were present in 2 cases...
August 2016: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Roberto Ria, Vittorio Simeon, Assunta Melaccio, Giovanna Di Meo, Stefania Trino, Carmela Mazzoccoli, Ilaria Saltarella, Aurelia Lamanuzzi, Annalisa Morano, Angela Gurrado, Alessandro Pasculli, Gaetano Lastilla, Pellegrino Musto, Antonia Reale, Franco Dammacco, Angelo Vacca, Mario Testini
Gene expression profiling (GEP) of normal thyroid tissue from 43 patients with thyroid carcinoma, 6 with thyroid adenoma, 42 with multinodular goiter, and 6 with Graves-Basedow disease was carried out with the aim of achieving a better understanding of the genetic mechanisms underlying the role of normal cells surrounding the tumor in the thyroid cancer progression. Unsupervised and supervised analyses were performed to compare samples from neoplastic and non-neoplastic diseases. GEP and subsequent RT-PCR analysis identified 28 differentially expressed genes...
May 17, 2016: Oncotarget
R Amri, N Mtaaouä, H Sehli, B Ben Ammou, I Ben Ahmed, N Riden, H Tounsi, R Jazi
OBJECTIFS: La maladie de basedow est une forme clinique de l'hyperthyroïdie qui peut être révélée par un amaigrissement, une exophtalmie, des diarrhées et des troubles du rythme cardiaque. MéTHODES: Nous rapportons une complication inhabituelle faisant révéler la maladie. RéSULTATS: Patient âgé de 34 ans sans antécédents pathologiques notables qui consulte aux urgences pour dysarthrie avec hémiparésie droite. Le scanner cérébral a objectivé une lésion ischémique temporopariétale gauche, l'ECG a montré une ACFA, qui a été réduite médicalement...
December 2015: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
L Smith, T Kemp, C H van der Meyden, C-M Schutte
Thyrotoxic myopathy frequently occurs in clinical practice; however, the association of hyperthyroidism with a flaccid, areflexic paraplegia, so-called Basedow paraplegia, appears to represent a controversial and doubtful entity. An 18-year-old female with undiagnosed and untreated Graves’ disease presented with acute onset of global weakness predominantly in the lower limbs, but also affecting the upper limbs. The weakness was accompanied by hypotonia and areflexia. Clinically, the patient had a goitre and signs of thyroid ocular disease...
October 2015: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
M Barbuscia, A Querci, A Tonante, D Paparo, F Taranto, A Ilacqua, E Gagliano, A Milone
In the present study the authors, after a short historical description of the Basedow-Graves' disease, describe their case-study gathered over the last five years. They mention the most widely accepted hypothesis regarding disease's etiology, strongly linked to autoimmune disorders, and the role that some viral agents (Coksackie B and HTLV-II) may have in initiating autoantibody production and T cells activation in genetically predisposed individuals. Basic and clinical aspects of the diagnosis and disease treatment, highlighting the use of thyroidectomy, are addressed...
May 2015: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
Peter Laurberg, S L Andersen
Thyroid hormones are essential development factors and maternal thyroid dysfunction may cause pregnancy complications and diseases in the fetus/child. In the present review we discuss new data on the incidence of Graves'-Basedow disease (GBD) in and around pregnancy, and how hyperthyroidism may affect the risk of spontaneous abortion and stillbirth. A special concern in pregnant women is the potential side effects from the use of antithyroid drugs (ATDs). One type of side effects is the allergic/toxic reactions to the drugs, which seem to be similar in and outside pregnancy, and another is that ATDs tend to over treat the fetus when the mother with GBD is made euthyroid...
2015: Nuklearmedizin. Nuclear Medicine
Anna Kawicka, Bożena Regulska-Ilow, Bożena Regulska-Ilow
In recent years, the authors of epidemiological studies have documented that autoimmune diseases are a major problem of modern society and are classified as diseases of civilization. Autoimmune thyroid diseases (ATDs) are caused by an abnormal immune response to autoantigens present in the thyroid gland - they often coexist with other autoimmune diseases. The most common dysfunctions of the thyroid gland are hypothyroidism, Graves-Basedow disease and Hashimoto's disease. Hashimoto's thyroiditis can be the main cause of primary hypothyroidism of the thyroid gland...
January 2, 2015: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
Letiţia Leuştean, Cristina Preda, Maria-Christina Ungureanu, R Dănilă, Voichiţa Mogoş, Cipriana Stefănescu, Carmen Vulpoi
Graves' disease is the most common form of hyperthyroidism, accounting for 60-80% of all cases of thyrotoxicosis. If left untreated, it may lead to severe thyrotoxicosis with cardiovascular, ocular, psychiatric complication, and in extreme cases thyrotoxic crisis with a high mortality rate. We present the case of a 50-years-old woman diagnosed in another service with Graves' disease and treated for many years with antithyroid drugs (ATDs), admitted to our service for a relapse due to treatment discontinuation...
October 2014: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
Seisuke Ota, Akinori Kasahara, Shoko Tada, Takehiro Tanaka, Sachio Umena, Haruka Fukatsu, Toshio Noguchi, Tadashi Matsumura
A 56-year-old female initially visited an otorhinolaryngologist because of an impaired sense of taste in September, 2010 and was referred to our facility in October, 2010. She was diagnosed with Basedow's disease for which she underwent subtotal thyroidectomy in 1984 and arthritis involving multiple joints, primarily affecting her hands. In addition, the anticentromere antibody (ACA) level was markedly high. On physical examination, alopecia as well as hyperpigmentation of the dorsum of the hands and back was observed...
February 2015: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
Adriana Handra-Luca
The thymus-parathyroid unit (TPU) occurring in adults is rare.The main symptoms and important clinical findings are as follows: 2 patients presented with neomercazole-resistant Basedow-Graves disease. A third patient presented with thyroid nodules and a fourth patient with a neck mass after thyroid resection for medullary thyroid carcinoma.The main diagnoses were those of thyroid nodules (either in the context of goiter, or not). In the fourth case the diagnosis was of thyroid medullary carcinoma recurrence in the neck...
December 2014: Medicine (Baltimore)
Shunsuke Kikuchi, Toshiyasu Ogata, Jiro Fukae, Jun Tsugawa, Shinji Ouma, Makito Tanabe, Toshihiko Yanase, Yoshio Tsuboi
A 57-year-old female developed dizziness and forgetfulness several days before admission. She was admitted to our hospital because of a headache and nausea. On admission, she had a mild disturbance of consciousness and right hemiparesis. Initial MR imaging revealed multiple infarctions in the acute-to-subacute phases in the right cerebellum, left occipital lobe, and bilateral parietal lobes. Her electrocardiogram showed atrial fibrillation and transesophageal echocardiography revealed the presence of a thrombus at the left atrial appendage, suggesting that she suffered from cardioembolic stroke...
December 2014: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
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