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oral & maxillofacial surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229061/central-myxoma-myxofibroma-of-the-jaws-a-clinico-epidemiologic-review
#1
Agbara Rowland, Fomete Benjamin, Obiadazie Athanasius-Chukwudi, Omeje Uchenna-Kevin, Samaila Modupeola-Omotara
INTRODUCTION: Myxomas are a group of benign rare tumors of connective-tissue origin that occur in both hard (central) and soft tissues of the body. The aim of this study is to highlight our experience in the management of central myxoma of the jaw, with emphasis on its clinic-epidemiologic features as seen in our environment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients who were managed for central myxoma of the jaw at the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery department of a regional University Teaching Hospital between September 1997 and October 2015 were retrospectively studied...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222277/antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-blepharoplasty-review-of-the-current-literature
#2
REVIEW
Elie M Ferneini, Steven Halepas, Steven I Aronin
The purpose of this study was to provide an evidence-based overview of antibiotic prophylaxis in blepharoplasty. We performed a literature search that evaluated the risk of infection associated with blepharoplasty, as well as the risks and benefits of antibiotic prophylaxis. The overall infection rate associated with eyelid surgery is extremely low. However, the use of antibiotic prophylaxis has increased over the past 25 years in esthetic facial procedures. There is no standard of care for or against antibiotic prophylaxis, and routine practices vary widely...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216228/elective-neck-dissection-in-unilateral-carcinomas-of-the-tongue-unilateral-versus-bilateral-approach
#3
Christopher-Philipp Nobis, Sven Otto, Tamara Grigorieva, Mohamed Alnaqbi, Matthias Troeltzsch, Jakob Schöpe, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Michael Ehrenfeld, Klaus-Dietrich Wolff, Marco Rainer Kesting
PURPOSE: Elective neck dissection (END) is a common primary treatment strategy for oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC), although uncertainty remains regarding the necessary extent of END for strictly unilateral early stage OTSCC. The authors evaluated two END variations, unilateral and bilateral, to determine the optimal extent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on patient data from two departments of oral and maxillofacial surgery...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212455/retrospective-analysis-of-dental-implants-placed-between-2012-and-2014-indications-risk-factors-and-early-survival
#4
Koenraad Grisar, Deepti Sinha, Joseph Schoenaers, Titiaan Dormaar, Constantinus Politis
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to review the indications for implant placement, early outcomes, and associated risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study design was used. The study was composed of a group of 509 consecutive patients, which represented the total number of patients treated from 2012 to 2014 in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium. The authors analyzed the indications for implant placement and the potential risk factors for early implant failure...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210406/use-of-c-arm-to-assess-reduction-of-zygomatic-complex-fractures-a-comparative-study
#5
Atmakuru Venkata Maheedhar, C Ravindran, Emmanuel D S Azariah
The aim of this study was to analyze the use of C-arm and its significance in accurate reduction of zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fractures. Orbital volume is used as parameter to compared pre- and postoperative volumes of injured orbit. Differences in orbital volume calculated in cases done with intraoperative imaging and in controls treated without the use of intraoperative imaging were evaluated using Student t-test. C-arm is definitively an effective tool in the armamentarium of oral and maxillofacial surgery in assessment of reduction of ZMC fracture...
March 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210403/an-overview-of-maxillofacial-trauma-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-tertiary-trauma-centre-queen-elizabeth-hospital-kota-kinabalu-sabah
#6
Chee Wei Lee, Qi Chao Foo, Ling Vuan Wong, Yiu Yan Leung
The aims of this study were to provide an overview of maxillofacial trauma and its relationship to patient's demographic data and alcohol consumption within the state of Sabah. It was a retrospective study of maxillofacial trauma cases treated by Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, from January 1, 2009, until December 31, 2013. A total of 630 maxillofacial trauma cases were included. Details of the trauma were collected from patients' record, including patients' cause of injuries, injuries suffered, treatment indications, and treatment received...
March 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209002/ability-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-residents-in-diagnosing-jaw-cysts-a-retrospective-20-years-study
#7
Hassan Mohajerani, Mohammad Esmaeelinejad, Reza Mofidian
INTRODUCTION: Diagnosis of odontogenic cysts despite of their benign nature is a critical and challenging problem especially among undergraduate and postgraduate students. AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the capability of oral and maxillofacial surgery residents in diagnosing odontogenic cysts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was executed on 312 patient records over the past 20 years since October 1995 till December 2014 in Taleghani Hospital, Tehran, Iran...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202996/-surgical-reconstruction-of-maxillary-defects-using-a-computer-assisted-techniques
#8
W B Zhang, Y Yu, Y Wang, X J Liu, C Mao, C B Guo, G Y Yu, X Peng
The maxilla is the most important bony support of the mid-face skeleton and is critical for both esthetics and function. Maxillary defects, resulting from tumor resection, can cause severe functional and cosmetic deformities. Furthermore, maxillary reconstruction presents a great challenge for oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Nowadays, vascularized composite bone flap transfer has been widely used for functional maxillary reconstruction. In the last decade, we have performed a comprehensive research on functional maxillary reconstruction with free fibula flap and reported excellent functional and acceptable esthetic results...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193444/surgical-navigation-a-systematic-review-of-indications-treatments-and-outcomes-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#9
REVIEW
Iman Azarmehr, Kasper Stokbro, R Bryan Bell, Torben Thygesen
PURPOSE: This systematic review investigates the most common indications, treatments, and outcomes of surgical navigation (SN) published from 2010 to 2015. The evolution of SN and its application in oral and maxillofacial surgery have rapidly developed over recent years, and therapeutic indications are discussed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search in relevant electronic databases, journals, and bibliographies of the included articles was carried out. Clinical studies with 5 or more patients published between 2010 and 2015 were included...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183550/airway-management-for-glossopexy-in-infants-with-micrognathia-and-obstructive-breathing
#10
Yoshinari Morimoto, Aiko Ohyamaguchi, Mika Inoue, Chizuko Yokoe, Hiroshi Hanamoto, Uno Imaizumi, Mitsutaka Sugimura, Hitoshi Niwa
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To identify airway management and tracheal intubation techniques for glossopexy in infants with preexisting airway obstruction under general anesthesia. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study. SETTINGS: Operating room of a university hospital between January 2003 and March 2015. All operations were performed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons. PATIENTS: Thirteen patients who received general anesthesia for glossopexy and reversal after 7 months...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174361/prevalence-and-pattern-of-mandibular-third-molar-impaction-in-eritrean-population-a-retrospective-study
#11
V Raj Kumar, Priya Yadav, Efrem Kahsu, Farhana Girkar, Rajnish Chakraborty
INTRODUCTION: The most commonly impacted tooth in the oral cavity is the mandibular third molar. Various etiologic factors have been suggested for impacted mandibular third molars. The pattern and prevalence of impacted mandibular third molars vary with different population and region. This study throws light on the prevalence and pattern of impacted mandibular third molars in Eritrea, East Africa. This is the first reported study regarding the same from Eritrea. AIM: To assess the prevalence and pattern of impacted mandibu-lar third molars in the population of Eritrea, East Africa by conducting a retrospective study from January 2009 to January 2014...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161136/efficacy-of-oral-diclofenac-with-or-without-codeine-for-pain-control-after-invasive-bilateral-third-molar-extractions
#12
P Zupelari-Goncalves, G M Weckwerth, A M Calvo, L F Simoneti, T J Dionisio, D T Brozoski, E A Torres, J R P Lauris, F A C Faria, C F Santos
Postoperative pain and inflammation after oral surgery is mostly managed using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). However, opioids combined with NSAIDs may improve pain management in patients, especially after traumatic oral surgery. Few studies have compared NSAIDs with and without opioid use after oral and maxillofacial surgery. This randomized, double-blind, cross-over study compared the clinical efficacy of either diclofenac (50mg) and codeine (50mg) or diclofenac alone (50mg) for the management of postoperative pain after invasive third molar surgery...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157490/effect-of-flat-plane-splint-vertical-thickness-on-disc-displacement-without-reduction-a-retrospective-matched-cohort-study
#13
Shang-Lun Lin, Shang-Liang Wu, Shun-Yao Ko, Ching-Yu Yen, Jung-Wu Yang
PURPOSE: The efficacy of occlusal splints for treating temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) remains controversial. This study aimed to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of flat-plane splints (FPSs) with a vertical thickness of 3 mm (VT3) and 5 mm (VT5) in treating disc displacement without reduction (DDWOR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective matched-cohort study selected the study participants from 400 TMD patients treated in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of Tainan Sin-Lau Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan, between August 2013 and July 2015...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150908/lack-of-evidence-for-prognostic-value-of-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-intron-1-ca-repeats-for-oral-carcinomas
#14
Clarissa Precht, Marco Blessmann, Lan Kluwe, Theresa Scheld, Gerhard Schön, Anders Henningsen, Christina Pflug, Ralf Smeets, Max Heiland, Alexander Gröbe
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression is altered in several malignancies, including oral squamous cell carcinoma. A CA-repeat polymorphism in intron-1 (CA-SSR-1) of the EGFR gene is reported to influence EGFR expression and is associated with features of various solid tumors and outcomes of cancer patients. In the present study we evaluated the influence of length and zygosity of CA-SSR-1 on the survival of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma. The length and zygosity of CA-SSR-1 was obtained through microsatellite analysis in 91 patients with oral cancer, who were treated in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the University Medical Centre Hamburg Eppendorf, Germany, during the years 1998-2008...
February 2, 2017: European Journal of Oral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148605/dental-hygiene-dental-and-medical-students-omfs-hospital-dentistry-related-knowledge-skills-attitudes-and-behavior-an-exploration
#15
Stephanie M Munz, Roderick Y Kim, Tyler J Holley, John N Donkersloot, Marita R Inglehart
Engaging other health care providers in oral health-related activities and interprofessional care (IPC) could increase access to oral health care for underserved populations in the U.S. The aims of this study were to assess dental hygiene, dental, and medical students' intra- and interprofessional and oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS)/hospital dentistry-related knowledge/skills, attitudes, and behavior; determine whether first and second year vs. third and fourth year cohorts' responses differed; and explore how intra- and interprofessional knowledge was related to interprofessional education (IPE) and interprofessional attitudes and behavior...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145936/a-rare-case-of-malignant-fibrous-histiocytoma-undifferentiated-high-grade-pleomorphic-sarcoma-of-malar-region
#16
Éder A Sigua-Rodriguez, Douglas Rangel Goulart, Afonso Celso de Moraes Manzano, Luciana Asprino
Malignant fibrous histiocytoma is a sarcoma with rare occurrence in the oral and maxillofacial region; surgery is the most reliable treatment. Inadequate resection of the sarcoma on the oral and maxillofacial region is associated with a high incidence of local recurrence and a poor prognosis. Only few patients of malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the malar region have been previously reported in the literature. The authors report a new patient of malignant fibrous histiocytoma on the right malar region that treated a complete tumor surgical excision without lymph node dissection...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138765/low-dose-carperitide-%C3%AE-human-a-type-natriuretic-peptide-alleviates-hemoglobin-concentration-decrease-during-prolonged-oral-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-study
#17
Masanori Tsukamoto, Sayuri Koyama, Kanako Esaki, Takashi Hitosugi, Takeshi Yokoyama
PURPOSE: Surgical injury stimulates the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and causes antidiuresis, leading to postoperative oliguria. Carperitide (α-human A-type natriuretic peptide) is a cardiac peptide hormone secreted from the atrium. This peptide hormone enhances diuresis by suppressing the RAAS. In our experience, carperitide alleviates decreased hemoglobin (Hb) concentration during elective surgery. In the current study, we investigated the relationship between low-dose carperitide (0...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137634/association-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-incidence-with-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-in-ambulatory-maxillofacial-surgery
#18
Ayşe Hande Arpaci, Berrin Işik, Eren Ilhan, Erdal Erdem
PURPOSE: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) constitutes an important factor in ambulatory surgery. The mechanisms of the antiemetic action of potent anti-inflammatory corticosteroids, which are used extensively for the treatment of PONV, as well as the association between PONV and inflammation, have not been investigated sufficiently. We aimed to establish the association between the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and postoperative antiemetic administration, as well as to investigate whether the NLR would be a biomarker for PONV...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123747/improving-visual-assessment-documentation-in-patients-with-periorbital-trauma-through-an-eye-assessment-teaching-session-and-a-proforma-sticker
#19
Tharsika Myuran
Up to 30% of patients who have periorbital trauma will have ocular injury with devastating consequences if missed. All staff working with acutely injured Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMFS) patients should be competent in a basic eye examination with documentation of visual acuity, gross visual fields, eye movements, diplopia, and pupillary responses at a minimum. As a standard we adapted guidance published by the Emergency Care Institute New South Wales to assess the documentation of the eye examination in OMFS patients at King's College Hospital with any periorbital injury...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121885/the-drivers-of-academic-success-in-cleft-and-craniofacial-centers-a-10-year-analysis-of-over-2000-publications
#20
Natalie M Plana, Jonathan P Massie, Marleigh J Stern, Michael Alperovich, Christopher M Runyan, David A Staffenberg, Leonidas G Koniaris, Barry H Grayson, J Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Roberto L Flores
BACKGROUND: Cleft and craniofacial centers require significant investment by medical institutions, yet variables contributing to their academic productivity remain unknown. This study characterizes the elements associated with high academic productivity in these centers. METHODS: The authors analyzed cleft and craniofacial centers accredited by the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association. Variables such as university affiliation; resident training; number of plastic surgery, oral-maxillofacial, and dental faculty; and investment in a craniofacial surgery, craniofacial orthodontics fellowship program, or both, were obtained...
February 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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