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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072916/a-preliminary-study-examining-women-s-physical-health-and-nonmedical-prescription-opioid-use-in-a-recovering-framework
#1
Katherine R Marks, Carl G Leukefeld
BACKGROUND: There is a growing need for research on women recovering from nonmedical prescription opioid use. A paradigm shift is to focus on wellness and factors that support, rather than hinder, recovering women. For example, although physical health is impacted by nonmedical prescription opioid use, improved health may be a strength-based factor among recovering women. The aim of this preliminary study was to examine physical health in a recovering framework as women begin recovering from nonmedical prescription opiate use...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059432/primary-care-providers-prescribing-practices-of-opioid-controlled-substances
#2
Lisa B E Shields, Soraya Nasraty, Alisha D Bell, Anil N Vinayakan, Raghunath S Gudibanda, Steven T Hester, Joshua T Honaker
OBJECTIVE: Prescription opioid abuse poses a significant public health concern. House Bill 1 (HB1) was enacted in 2012 to address prescription drug abuse in Kentucky. The authors investigated the impact of HB1 on primary care providers' (PCPs) prescribing practices of Schedule II controlled substances. DESIGN: Retrospective evaluation of PCPs' prescribing practices in an adult outpatient setting. METHODS: A review of the prescribing practices for Schedule II controlled substances written by 149 PCPs...
November 2016: Journal of Opioid Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046145/effects-of-cows-grazing-toxic-endophyte-infected-tall-fescue-or-novel-endophyte-infected-tall-fescue-in-late-gestation-on-cow-performance-reproduction-and-progeny-growth-performance-and-carcass-characteristics
#3
L M Shoup, L M Miller, M Srinivasan, F A Ireland, D W Shike
Very little is known regarding the effects of cow exposure to toxic ergot alkaloids in late gestation and the subsequent, long-term effects on progeny. Therefore, the objectives were to determine the effects of grazing toxic endophyte-infected tall fescue () or novel endophyte-infected tall fescue during late gestation on cow BW, BCS, hair coat score (HCS), respiration rates, milk production, and reproduction and on growth performance and carcass characteristics of progeny. Eighty gestating, Angus × Simmental cows (age = 6...
December 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030931/farm-work-injuries-among-a-cohort-of-children-in-kentucky-usa
#4
Steven R Browning, Susan C Westneat, Deborah B Reed
Children residing on farms with livestock may be at an increased risk for work-related injuries, compared to children who work on other commodity farms. This study characterizes children's work tasks on Kentucky farms and assesses whether children who work on beef cattle farms are at an increased risk for farm work injuries. The results of a cohort study of children aged 5-18 years (N=999 at baseline) working on family farms in Kentucky, followed for two consecutive years after an initial enumeration five years previously, found that 70% of the children were involved in animal-related chores...
23, 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029450/droughts-of-the-twentieth-and-early-twenty-first-centuries-influences-on-the-production-of-beef-and-forage-in-kentucky-usa
#5
Kortney E Craft, Rezaul Mahmood, Stephen A King, Gregory Goodrich, Jun Yan
Drought affects societies world-wide in many different ways. It is a natural hazard that is complex and not well understood and as a result, its impacts are often poorly documented. The purpose of this research is to quantify (in dollars) the impacts of drought on Kentucky's beef and forage (hay) production. Observations suggest that the most important droughts in Kentucky occurred in 1930-31, 1940-42, 1952-55, 1987-88, 1999-2000 and 2007. The total state revenue for these commodities were analyzed during these severe drought years and non-drought years...
October 28, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012630/antimicrobial-resistance-patterns-of-bovine-salmonella-enterica-isolates-submitted-to-the-wisconsin-veterinary-diagnostic-laboratory-2006-2015
#6
J R Valenzuela, A K Sethi, N A Aulik, K P Poulsen
Salmonellosis on the dairy continues to have a significant effect on animal health and productivity and in the United States. Additionally, Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica causes an estimated 1.2 million cases of human illness annually. Contributing to the morbidity and mortality in both human and domestic animal species is emergence of antimicrobial resistance by Salmonella species and increased incidence of multidrug-resistant isolates. This study describes serotype distribution and the antimicrobial resistance patterns for various Salmonella serotypes isolated from bovine samples submitted to the Wisconsin Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (WVDL) over the past 10 yr...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995850/prostate-cancer-polar-localization-on-core-biopsy-predicts-pathologic-stage
#7
Patrick J Hensley, Lisa R Bailey, Matthew S Purdom, Daniel L Davenport, Stephen E Strup
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the polar sub-localization of prostate cancer on needle core biopsy ('polar' defined as tumor = 1 mm from the tissue polar edge) as a predictor of extraprostatic extension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Histologic sections from 58 patients who underwent preoperative prostate biopsy and radical prostatectomy at the University of Kentucky from 2006 to 2013 were evaluated. Patients were retrospectively case matched based on pathologic stage (pT2 versus pT3/4) using biopsy Gleason grade and prostate-specific antigen...
December 2016: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977638/resurgence-of-progressive-massive-fibrosis-in-coal-miners-eastern-kentucky-2016
#8
David J Blackley, James B Crum, Cara N Halldin, Eileen Storey, A Scott Laney
Coal workers' pneumoconiosis, also known as "black lung disease," is an occupational lung disease caused by overexposure to respirable coal mine dust. Inhaled dust leads to inflammation and fibrosis in the lungs, and coal workers' pneumoconiosis can be a debilitating disease. The Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969 (Coal Act),* amended in 1977, established dust limits for U.S. coal mines and created the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)-administered Coal Workers' Health Surveillance Program with the goal of reducing the incidence of coal workers' pneumoconiosis and eliminating its most severe form, progressive massive fibrosis (PMF),(†) which can be lethal...
December 16, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965380/trends-in-weight-for-length-among-infants-in-wic-from-2000-to-2014
#9
David S Freedman, Andrea J Sharma, Heather C Hamner, Liping Pan, Anthony Panzera, Ray B Smith, Heidi M Blanck
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence and secular trends of high weight-for-length among infants (ages, 3-23 months) in the biennial US Department of Agriculture Women, Infants, and Children Program and Participants Characteristic (WIC-PC) Survey from 2000 through 2014 (n = 16 927 120). METHODS: Weight-for-length was considered to be "high" if it was ≥2 SDs above the sex- and age-specific median in the World Health Organization growth standards. Poisson regression was used to calculate adjusted prevalence ratios...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959996/us-county-level-trends-in-mortality-rates-for-major-causes-of-death-1980-2014
#10
Laura Dwyer-Lindgren, Amelia Bertozzi-Villa, Rebecca W Stubbs, Chloe Morozoff, Michael J Kutz, Chantal Huynh, Ryan M Barber, Katya A Shackelford, Johan P Mackenbach, Frank J van Lenthe, Abraham D Flaxman, Mohsen Naghavi, Ali H Mokdad, Christopher J L Murray
Importance: County-level patterns in mortality rates by cause have not been systematically described but are potentially useful for public health officials, clinicians, and researchers seeking to improve health and reduce geographic disparities. Objectives: To demonstrate the use of a novel method for county-level estimation and to estimate annual mortality rates by US county for 21 mutually exclusive causes of death from 1980 through 2014. Design, Setting, and Participants: Redistribution methods for garbage codes (implausible or insufficiently specific cause of death codes) and small area estimation methods (statistical methods for estimating rates in small subpopulations) were applied to death registration data from the National Vital Statistics System to estimate annual county-level mortality rates for 21 causes of death...
13, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933238/high-particulate-matter-emission-from-additive-free-natural-american-spirit-cigarettes
#11
Yvonne Iffland, Ruth Müller, David Groneberg, Alexander Gerber
BACKGROUND: Involuntary exposure to health-threatening environmental tobacco smoke (Combined Mainstream and Side-stream Smoke, CMSS) is a worldwide problem, causing premature death of thousands of people. CMSS consists of particulate matter (PM), one of the main sources of indoor air pollution. PM constitutes a considerable health risk for passive smokers. It is important to inform the public about brand-specific differences in CMSS-associated PM, especially in the case of brands without additives, which are therefore promoted as natural and less health-threatening...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920315/after-medicaid-expansion-in-kentucky-use-of-hospital-emergency-departments-for-dental-conditions-increased
#12
Natalia Chalmers, Jane Grover, Rob Compton
Access to oral health care is a critical need for the adult Medicaid population. Following the 2014 expansion of Medicaid eligibility in Kentucky, millions of adults became eligible to receive dental benefits. We examined the impact of the expansion on adult Medicaid enrollees' use of hospital emergency departments (EDs) for conditions related to dental or oral health in the period 2010-14. Based on our analysis of data for Kentucky from the State Emergency Department Databases, we found that the rate of discharges for these conditions from the ED increased significantly, from 1,833 per 100,000 population in 2013 to 5,635 in 2014...
December 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908385/the-mutagenic-assessment-of-an-electronic-cigarette-and-reference-cigarette-smoke-using-the-ames-assay-in-strains-ta98-and-ta100
#13
D Thorne, I Crooks, M Hollings, A Seymour, C Meredith, M Gaca
Salmonella typhimurium strains TA98 and TA100 were used to assess the mutagenic potential of the aerosol from a commercially available, rechargeable, closed system electronic-cigarette. Results obtained were compared to those for the mainstream smoke from a Kentucky reference (3R4F) cigarette. Two different test matrices were assessed. Aerosol generated from the e-cigarette was trapped on a Cambridge filter pad, eluted in DMSO and compared to cigarette smoke total particulate matter (TPM), which was generated in the same manner for mutagenicity assessment in the Salmonella assay...
December 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903084/assessment-of-corticosteroid-related-quality-of-care-measures-for-uc-and-cd-in-the-united-states-a-claims-data-analysis
#14
David T Rubin, Haridarshan Patel, Sherry Shi, Reema Mody
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate corticosteroid (CS)-related quality of care indicators in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) in the US. METHODS: Adults diagnosed with UC or CD and prescription fills for an oral CS were identified from a large commercial US claims database (2005- 2013). Quality indicators included prolonged CS use (≥60 days), use of CS-sparing therapy, and bone loss assessment. State-level variations in quality of care indicators were estimated using logistic regression models adjusting for age, gender, insurance plan type, and CD severity...
December 1, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891085/pain-perception-can-be-modulated-by-mindfulness-training-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#15
I-Wen Su, Fang-Wei Wu, Keng-Chen Liang, Kai-Yuan Cheng, Sung-Tsang Hsieh, Wei-Zen Sun, Tai-Li Chou
The multi-dimensional nature of pain renders difficult a holistic understanding of it. The conceptual framework of pain is said to be cognitive-evaluative, in addition to being sensory-discriminative and affective-motivational. To compare participants' brain-behavior response before and after a 6-week mindfulness-based stress reduction training course on mindfulness in relation to pain modulation, three questionnaires (the Dallas Pain Questionnaire, Short Form McGill Pain Questionnaire-SFMPQ, and Kentucky Inventory of Mindfulness) as well as resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging were administered to participants, divided into a pain-afflicted group (N = 18) and a control group (N = 16)...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886423/an-approach-for-identifying-cryptic-barriers-to-gene-flow-that-limit-species-geographic-ranges
#16
Steven J Micheletti, Andrew Storfer
Species' geographic range limits are most often not demarcated by obvious dispersal barriers. Poor-quality habitat at the edge of a species' range can prevent range expansion by preventing outward migration or through reducing adaptive potential resulting from decreased genetic diversity. We identified habitat variables that constrain gene flow across the entire geographic range of an endemic salamander (Ambystoma barbouri) in the eastern United States, and we tested whether increased resistance resulting from these variables provides cryptic dispersal barriers at the range edges...
November 25, 2016: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886368/written-information-for-patients-or-parents-of-child-patients-to-reduce-the-use-of-antibiotics-for-acute-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-in-primary-care
#17
REVIEW
Jack W O'Sullivan, Robert T Harvey, Paul P Glasziou, Amanda McCullough
BACKGROUND: Acute upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) are frequently managed in primary care settings. Although many are viral, and there is an increasing problem with antibiotic resistance, antibiotics continue to be prescribed for URTIs. Written patient information may be a simple way to reduce antibiotic use for acute URTIs. OBJECTIVES: To assess if written information for patients (or parents of child patients) reduces the use of antibiotics for acute URTIs in primary care...
25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866066/terminate-lung-cancer-tlc-study-a-mixed-methods-population-approach-to-increase-lung-cancer-screening-awareness-and-low-dose-computed-tomography-in-eastern-kentucky
#18
Roberto Cardarelli, David Reese, Karen L Roper, Kathryn Cardarelli, Frances J Feltner, Jamie L Studts, Jennifer R Knight, Debra Armstrong, Anthony Weaver, Dana Shaffer
For low dose CT lung cancer screening to be effective in curbing disease mortality, efforts are needed to overcome barriers to awareness and facilitate uptake of the current evidence-based screening guidelines. A sequential mixed-methods approach was employed to design a screening campaign utilizing messages developed from community focus groups, followed by implementation of the outreach campaign intervention in two high-risk Kentucky regions. This study reports on rates of awareness and screening in intervention regions, as compared to a control region...
November 17, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863576/federal-emergency-management-agency-response-in-rural-appalachia-a-tale-of-miscommunication-unrealistic-expectations-and-hurt-hurt-hurt
#19
REVIEW
Lauren M Oppizzi, Susan Speraw
In spring of 2012, rural southeastern Kentucky was impacted by torrential storms and flooding that activated federal disaster response through Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). This qualitative research study examines the experience of community members affected by the Kentucky floods of 2012 (N=9) and describes their interactions with FEMA representatives, in their own voice, thereby giving insight into gaps in rural disaster response. The principal investigator spent 6 weeks living in the community and conducted open-ended interviews...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860542/successful-fetal-tele-echo-at-a-small-regional-hospital
#20
Julianna Brown, Brian Holland
BACKGROUND: Prenatal diagnosis of complex congenital heart disease (CHD) has been shown to improve newborn outcomes. The rate of prenatal diagnosis and access to fetal echocardiography vary widely across the United States. INTRODUCTION: A clinical fetal tele-echo service was established at King's Daughters Medical Center (KDMC) in Ashland, KY, a region in eastern Kentucky that is 3 h from the nearest congenital heart surgeon. The aim of this study was to determine if fetal tele-echo utilizing local sonographers at a small regional hospital can accurately and efficiently identify fetuses with complex CHD...
November 18, 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
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