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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340086/real-world-massage-therapy-produces-meaningful-effectiveness-signal-for-primary-care-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-results-of-a-repeated-measures-cohort-study
#1
William G Elder, Niki Munk, Margaret M Love, Geza G Bruckner, Kathryn E Stewart, Kevin Pearce
Objective.:  While efficacy of massage and other nonpharmacological treatments for chronic low back pain is established, stakeholders have called for pragmatic studies of effectiveness in "real-world" primary health care. The Kentucky Pain Research and Outcomes Study evaluated massage impact on pain, disability, and health-related quality of life for primary care patients with chronic low back pain. We report effectiveness and feasibility results, and make comparisons with established minimal clinically important differences...
March 14, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340000/effects-of-feeding-original-xpc%C3%A2-to-broilers-with-a-live-coccidiosis-vaccine-under-industry-conditions-part-1-growth-performance-and-salmonella-inhibition
#2
S M Roto, S H Park, S I Lee, P Kaldhone, H O Pavlidis, S B Frankenbach, D R McIntyre, K Striplin, L Brammer, S C Ricke
Supplementation of poultry diets with Diamond V Original XPC™ (XPC) has been proposed as a means to ameliorate the commonly observed loss of appetite and depression of growth in birds given a live coccidiosis vaccine. A study was conducted to compare the effects on bird performance of a live coccidiosis vaccine in broilers, with and without the dietary inclusion of XPC (1.25 g/kg). Ross 708 male broilers (n = 1,280) were allocated to one of 4 feed treatments: cocci-vaccine (T1), cocci-vaccine + XPC (T2), cocci-vaccine + salinomycin in the grower diet only, (T3), and cocci-vaccine + salinomycin in the grower diet + XPC (T4)...
March 3, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333909/notes-from-the-field-obstetric-tetanus-in-an-unvaccinated-woman-after-a-home-birth-delivery-kentucky-2016
#3
Anna Q Yaffee, David L Day, Glenda Bastin, Mary Powell, Sandra Melendez, Nancy Allen, Julie Miracle, Margaret Jones, Robert Brawley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328556/chronological-changes-and-correlates-of-loop-diuretic-dose-in-left-ventricular-assist-device-patients
#4
Kazuhiko Kido, Bennet George, Richard J Charnigo, Tracy E Macaulay, Sara D Brouse, Maya Guglin
No study has systematically evaluated the prevalence and dosages of diuretic use for patients after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. The primary objective was to characterize chronological change in prevalence and doses of loop diuretics after LVAD placement. The secondary objective was to identify correlates of actual doses of loop diuretics. We retrospectively reviewed medical records of adult patients with LVAD implantation at the University of Kentucky. Prevalence of diuretic use and furosemide equivalent dose were assessed before LVAD implantation and at seven time points thereafter: 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year, 18 months, and 2 years...
March 20, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321653/5-aminolevulinic-acid-modulates-antioxidant-defense-systems-and-mitigates-drought-induced-damage-in-kentucky-bluegrass-seedlings
#5
Kuiju Niu, Xiang Ma, Guoling Liang, Huiling Ma, Zhifeng Jia, Wenhui Liu, Qianqian Yu
Drought stress occurs frequently and severely as a result of global climate change, and it exerts serious effects on plants. 5-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) plays a crucial role in conferring abiotic stress tolerance in plants. To enhance the drought tolerance of turfgrass and investigate the effects of 5-ALA on antioxidant metabolism and gene expression under drought stress conditions, exogenous 5-ALA was applied by foliar spraying before Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis L.) seedlings were exposed to drought [induced by 10% polyethylene glycol (PEG)] stress for 20 days...
March 20, 2017: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302786/genome-sequences-of-four-nonhuman-nonclinical-salmonella-enterica-serovar-kentucky-st198-isolates-recovered-between-1972-and-1973
#6
Seon-Woo Kim, Bradd J Haley, Dwayne Roberson, Marc Allard, Thomas S Hammack, Eric W Brown, Jo Ann S Van Kessel
Salmonella enterica serovar Kentucky is a polyphyletic member of S. enterica subclade A1 with multiple sequence types that often colonize the same hosts but in different frequencies on different continents. To evaluate the genomic features involved in S Kentucky host specificity, we sequenced the genomes of four isolates recovered in the 1970s.
March 16, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301971/medicaid-managed-care-and-the-health-care-utilization-of-foster-children
#7
Makayla Palmer, James Marton, Aaron Yelowitz, Jeffery Talbert
A recent trend in state Medicaid programs is the transition of vulnerable populations into Medicaid managed care (MMC) who were initially carved out of such coverage, such as foster children or those with disabilities. The purpose of this article is to evaluate the impact of the transition of foster children from fee-for-service Medicaid coverage to MMC coverage on outpatient health care utilization. There is very little empirical evidence on the impact of managed care on the health care utilization of foster children because of the recent timing of these transitions as well as challenges associated with finding data sets large enough to contain a sufficient number of foster children for such analysis...
January 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292190/residing-in-economically-distressed-rural-appalachia-is-independently-associated-with-excess-body-weight-in-college-students
#8
Demetrius A Abshire, Terry A Lennie, Gia T Mudd-Martin, Debra K Moser
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of obesity is greater among adults living in rural compared to urban areas of the USA. Greater obesity risk among rural adults persists after adjusting for obesity-related behaviors and sociodemographic factors. With the rural-urban obesity disparity greatest among younger adults, it is important to examine the complexity of factors that may increase the risk for excess body weight in this population so that effective preventive interventions can be implemented...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282907/complications-from-surgeries-related-to-ovarian-cancer-screening
#9
Lauren A Baldwin, Edward J Pavlik, Emma Ueland, Hannah E Brown, Kelsey M Ladd, Bin Huang, Christopher P DeSimone, John R van Nagell, Frederick R Ueland, Rachel W Miller
The aim of this study was to evaluate complications of surgical intervention for participants in the Kentucky Ovarian Cancer Screening Program and compare results to those of the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian Cancer Screening trial. A retrospective database review included 657 patients who underwent surgery for a positive screen in the Kentucky Ovarian Cancer Screening Program from 1988-2014. Data were abstracted from operative reports, discharge summaries, and office notes for 406 patients. Another 142 patients with incomplete records were interviewed by phone...
March 8, 2017: Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281308/overlapping-but-distinct-tdp-43-and-tau-pathologic-patterns-in-aged-hippocampi
#10
Vanessa D Smith, Adam D Bachstetter, Eseosa Ighodaro, Kelly Roberts, Erin L Abner, David W Fardo, Peter T Nelson
Intracellular proteinaceous aggregates (inclusion bodies) are almost always detectable at autopsy in brains of elderly individuals. Inclusion bodies composed of TDP-43 and tau proteins often coexist in the same brain, and each of these pathologic biomarkers is associated independently with cognitive impairment. However, uncertainties remain about how the presence and neuroanatomical distribution of inclusion bodies correlate with underlying diseases including Alzheimer's disease (AD). To address this knowledge gap, we analyzed data from the University of Kentucky AD Center autopsy series (n = 247); none of the brains had frontotemporal lobar degeneration...
March 9, 2017: Brain Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279546/rct-testing-bystander-effectiveness-to-reduce-violence
#11
Ann L Coker, Heather M Bush, Patricia G Cook-Craig, Sarah A DeGue, Emily R Clear, Candace J Brancato, Bonnie S Fisher, Eileen A Recktenwald
INTRODUCTION: Bystander-based programs have shown promise to reduce interpersonal violence at colleges, yet limited rigorous evaluations have addressed bystander intervention effectiveness in high schools. This study evaluated the Green Dot bystander intervention to reduce sexual violence and related forms of interpersonal violence in 26 high schools over 5 years. DESIGN: A cluster RCT was conducted. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Kentucky high schools were randomized to intervention or control (wait list) conditions...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278292/salmonella-serovars-and-their-distribution-in-nigerian-commercial-chicken-layer-farms
#12
Idowu Oluwabunmi Fagbamila, Lisa Barco, Marzia Mancin, Jacob Kwaga, Sati Samuel Ngulukun, Paola Zavagnin, Antonia Anna Lettini, Monica Lorenzetto, Paul Ayuba Abdu, Junaidu Kabir, Jarlath Umoh, Antonia Ricci, Maryam Muhammad
Commercial poultry farms (n° 523), located in all the six regions of Nigeria were sampled with a view to generate baseline information about the distribution of Salmonella serovars in this country. Five different matrices (litter, dust, faeces, feed and water) were collected from each visited farm. Salmonella was isolated from at least one of the five matrices in 228 farms, with a farm prevalence of 43.6% (CI95[39.7-48.3%]). Altogether, 370 of 2615 samples collected (14.1%, CI95[12.8; 15.5%]) contained Salmonella...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274986/use-of-simulation-training-to-prepare-pharmacy-residents-for-medical-emergencies
#13
Melissa L Thompson Bastin, Aaron M Cook, Alexander H Flannery
PURPOSE: The use of high-fidelity simulation training for preparing pharmacy residents for various high-stress and high-impact medical emergencies and the impact of this training on pharmacy residents' perception of preparedness are described. SUMMARY: During the 2015-16 residency year at the University of Kentucky Medical Center, simulation training, in addition to lecture-based orientation training, was chosen as a method to reinforce skills and knowledge learned throughout the orientation, before residents began working on-call shifts...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274980/development-of-a-novel-longitudinal-postgraduate-year-1-residency-training-model
#14
Brian D Host, William S Stewart, Michael J Anderson
PURPOSE: A longitudinal program design for a postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) pharmacy residency that has enhanced residents' ability to adapt to decentralized pharmacy practice roles is described. SUMMARY: Historically, like most 12-month PGY1 residency programs, the program at Baptist Health Lexington, a 383-bed community hospital in Kentucky, offered month-long rotational learning experiences across the various service lines within the institution. As the core philosophy of the program matured, the focus of the residency program's preceptor group moved toward maximizing a facilitated learning experience for residents...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266176/quantitative-method-for-analysis-of-tobacco-specific-n-nitrosamines-in-mainstream-cigarette-smoke-by-using-heart-cutting-two-dimensional-liquid-chromatography-with-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#15
Min Chen, Leijun Wang, Huizhong Dong, Xi Shao, Da Wu, Baizhan Liu, Xiangmin Zhang, Chaoying Chen
A heart-cutting two dimensional liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry method was developed for the analysis of tobacco-specific nitrosamines at low concentration level in Virginia-type cigarette smoke. A strong cation exchange column was utilized for the first dimensional separation, which effectively removed acidic and neutral components in the smoke, followed by a reversed phase liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometric analysis. To capture components of the tobacco-specific nitrosamines in the effluent on the trapping column, a compensating pump was applied for on-line dilution and pH adjustment during the period of the tobacco-specific nitrosamines fraction transferring and enrichment...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261247/selection-of-candidate-reference-genes-for-gene-expression-analysis-in-kentucky-bluegrass-poa-pratensis-l-under-abiotic-stress
#16
Kuiju Niu, Yi Shi, Huiling Ma
Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis L.) belong to Gramineae and is widely used in lawns, golf courses, landscapes, and sport fields as a prominent cool-season grass. Gene expression patterns during different stages of plant development can provide clues toward the understanding of its biological functions. The selection and validation of reference genes are the first steps in any real-time quantitative PCR gene expression study. Therefore, suitable reference genes are necessary for obtaining reliable results in real-time quantitative PCR analyses of Kentucky bluegrass...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261006/using-i2b2-to-bootstrap-rural-health-analytics-and-learning-networks
#17
Daniel R Harris, Adam D Baus, Tamela J Harper, Traci D Jarrett, Cecil R Pollard, Jeffery C Talbert
We demonstrate that the open-source i2b2 (Informatics for Integrating Biology and the Bedside) data model can be used to bootstrap rural health analytics and learning networks. These networks promote communication and research initiatives by providing the infrastructure necessary for sharing data and insights across a group of healthcare and research partners. Data integration remains a crucial challenge in connecting rural healthcare sites with a common data sharing and learning network due to the lack of interoperability and standards within electronic health records...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258258/association-between-acute-kidney-disease-and-intravenous-dye-administration-in-patients-with-acute-stroke-a-population-based-study
#18
Stacie L Demel, Aaron W Grossman, Jane C Khoury, Charles J Moomaw, Kathleen Alwell, Brett M Kissela, Daniel Woo, Matthew L Flaherty, Simona Ferioli, Jason Mackey, Felipe De Los Rios la Rosa, Sharyl Martini, Opeolu Adeoye, Dawn O Kleindorfer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Computed tomographic angiography and conventional angiography provide timely vascular anatomic information in patients with stroke. However, iodinated contrast dye may cause acute kidney injury (AKI). Within a large, biracial population, we examined in-hospital incidence of new or worsening kidney disease in patients with stroke and its association with administration of intravenous dye. METHODS: All adult residents of the Greater Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky region with acute ischemic stroke or intracerebral hemorrhage who presented to an emergency department in 2010 were included...
March 3, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258000/prevalence-molecular-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-salmonella-isolated-from-sausages-in-meknes-morocco
#19
Abdelaziz Ed-Dra, Fouzia Rhazi Filali, Bouchra Karraouan, Abdellah El Allaoui, Amal Aboulkacem, Brahim Bouchrif
Salmonella is among the most important food borne pathogens worldwide contaminating a wide range of animal products including meat products. The aims of this study go through two steps: The first step is to estimate the proportion of sausages products contaminated with Salmonella in Meknes city (Morocco), which were collected from various shopping sites: butchery, street vendors, supermarket and souk (Weekly market combines the population of the small villages around Meknes city). The second one is to identify serovars, to determine the antimicrobials resistance patterns of isolates and to detect the invA and spvC genes...
February 28, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257551/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-versus-open-lobectomy-costs-and-outcomes
#20
Peter M Rodgers-Fischl, Jeremiah T Martin, Sibu P Saha
OBJECTIVES: Video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) lobectomy is considered a promising surgical therapy for the diagnosis and treatment of non-small-cell lung carcinoma. The issue of whether VATS is superior to open thoracotomy remains controversial, however. We sought to determine whether the use of VATS lobectomy for diagnosing and treating non-small-cell lung carcinoma would improve patient outcomes at our institution. METHODS: A retrospective review of electronic and paper medical charts identified 109 consecutive operations for all patients undergoing thoracotomy or VATS lobectomy performed at the University of Kentucky Chandler Medical Center for fiscal years 2013 and 2014...
March 2017: Southern Medical Journal
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