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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351650/are-evidence-based-community-engaged-energy-balance-interventions-enough-for-extremely-vulnerable-populations
#1
Nancy E Schoenberg, Yelena N Tarasenko, Claire Snell-Rood
Well-documented associations between lifestyle behaviors and disease outcomes necessitate evidence-based health promotion interventions. To enhance potential efficacy and effectiveness, interventionists increasingly respond to community priorities, employ comprehensive theoretical frameworks, invest heavily to ensure cultural fit, implement evidence-based programming, and deploy research gold standards. We describe a project that followed all of these recommended strategies, but did not achieve desired outcomes...
January 17, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305281/impact-of-real-time-notification-of-clostridium-difficile-test-results-and-early-initiation-of-effective-antimicrobial-therapy
#2
Christian B Polen, William R Judd, Patrick D Ratliff, Gregory S King
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile is a prominent nosocomial pathogen and is the most common causative organism of health care-associated diarrhea. To our knowledge, no studies have investigated the impact of real-time notification of culture results with rapid antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP) intervention in the setting of C difficile infection (CDI). The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of real-time notification of detection of toxigenic C difficile by DNA amplification results in patients with confirmed CDI...
January 3, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303871/a-systematic-evaluation-of-state-laws-governing-optometric-glaucoma-management-in-the-united-states-up-to-2015
#3
Kevin Chodnicki, Sachin Kalarn, Laura Quinn, Henry Jampel, Osamah Saeedi
PURPOSE: To describe state laws that govern the optometric practice of glaucoma management in the United States and to correlate those laws with state demographics up to 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional ecological study of the 50 United States and the District of Columbia. Regulations governing optometric scope of practice as written by each state Board of Optometry were reviewed. Specific optometric privileges assessed included: ability to manage glaucoma independently, use of diagnostic pharmaceutical agents, use of therapeutic pharmaceutical agents (including topical and oral steroids and other oral pharmaceutical agents), intravenous injections, intraocular injections, therapeutic lasers, presence of defined referral and co-management guidelines, and hours of yearly continuing education needed for glaucoma management...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300717/notes-from-the-field-investigation-of-carbapenemase-producing-carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-among-patients-at-a-community-hospital-kentucky-2016
#4
Sae-Rom Chae, Anna Q Yaffee, Mark K Weng, D Cal Ham, Kimberly Daniels, Amanda B Wilburn, Kimberly A Porter, Andrea H Flinchum, Sandra Boyd, Alicia Shams, Maroya S Walters, Alexander Kallen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298362/helmets-matter-kentucky-motorcycle-crash-victims-seen-at-a-tennessee-trauma-center
#5
George M Testerman, Daniel C Prior, Tamie D Wells, William C Sumner, Jeffrey T Johnston, Sarah E Rollins, Jeremy M Meyer
OBJECTIVES: Motorcycle helmet laws vary by state, with Kentucky requiring helmets only for younger riders. We hypothesized that motorcyclists injured in Kentucky and seen at a Tennessee trauma center would be more likely to be unhelmeted, have more severe head injuries, and sustain more fatal injuries than those injured in Tennessee or Virginia. METHODS: A Trauma Registry review of 729 injured motorcyclists from January 2005 through June 2015 examined state location of crash, demographics, helmet use, and clinical outcomes...
January 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286258/a-survey-of-tick-species-in-a-recently-reintroduced-elk-cervus-elaphus-canadensis-population-in-southeastern-kentucky-with-potential-implications-for-interstate-translocation-of-zoonotic-disease-vectors
#6
B L Slabach, A McKinney, J Cunningham, J T Hast, J J Cox
In the late 20th century, elk ( Cervus elaphus canadensis) were reintroduced into southeastern Kentucky, US. This population has since been used as a stock population for additional elk reintroductions in other eastern states. Although reintroduction and translocation practices are effective, they can disseminate vectors and pathogens. Therefore, we surveyed tick species residing on elk hosts a decade after elk reintroduction in Kentucky by examining 263 captured individuals (female=86; male=177) from 2011 to 2013...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275223/antimicrobial-residues-and-resistance-against-critically-important-antimicrobials-in-non-typhoidal-salmonella-from-meat-sold-at-wet-markets-and-supermarkets-in-vietnam
#7
Nguyen Thi Nhung, Nguyen Thi Bich Van, Nguyen Van Cuong, Truong Thi Quy Duong, Tran Thi Nhat, Tran Thi Thu Hang, Nguyen Thi Hong Nhi, Bach Tuan Kiet, Vo Be Hien, Pham Thi Ngoc, James Campbell, Guy Thwaites, Juan Carrique-Mas
Excessive antimicrobial usage and deficiencies in hygiene in meat production systems may result in undesirable human health hazards, such as the presence of antimicrobial drug residues and non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS), including antimicrobial resistant (AMR) NTS. Recently, Vietnam has witnessed the emergence of integrated intensive animal production systems, coexisting with more traditional, locally-sourced wet markets. To date no systematic studies have been carried out to compare health hazards in beef, pork and chicken in different production systems...
December 17, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259054/evaluation-of-a-federally-funded-mass-media-campaign-and-smoking-cessation-in-pregnant-women-a-population-based-study-in-three-states
#8
Lucinda England, Van T Tong, Karilynn Rockhill, Jason Hsia, Tim McAfee, Deesha Patel, Katelin Rupp, Elizabeth J Conrey, Claudia Valdivieso, Kevin C Davis
OBJECTIVES: In 2012, theCenters for Disease Control and Prevention initiated a national anti-smoking campaign, Tips from Former Smokers (Tips). As a result of the campaign, quit attempts among smokers increased in the general population by 3.7 percentage points. In the current study, we assessed the effects of Tips on smoking cessation in pregnant women. METHODS: We used 2009-2013 certificates of live births in three US states: Indiana, Kentucky and Ohio. Smoking cessation by the third trimester of pregnancy was examined among women who smoked in the 3 months prepregnancy...
December 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248071/factors-influencing-professional-state-association-membership-decisions-among-recent-pharmacy-graduates
#9
Stacy Taylor, Ekim Ekinci, Jimmi Hatton Kolpek, Holly Byrnes, Anne Policastri, Robert S Oakley, Michael Herald
INTRODUCTION: State pharmacy association membership levels have remained stagnant in recent years despite active student organization involvement among student pharmacists and an increased number of pharmacy schools producing new pharmacy graduates in the United States. The objective of this project was to examine factors considered by recent pharmacy graduates when deciding to join state pharmacy associations. METHODS: A 16-item cross sectional survey of recent pharmacy graduates collected respondents' demographic profile, professional student organization involvement, association memberships, and membership decision factors...
January 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248057/medicaid-program-choice-inertia-and-adverse-selection
#10
James Marton, Aaron Yelowitz, Jeffery C Talbert
In 2012, Kentucky implemented Medicaid managed care statewide, auto-assigned enrollees to three plans, and allowed switching. Using administrative data, we find that the state's auto-assignment algorithm most heavily weighted cost-minimization and plan balancing, and placed little weight on the quality of the enrollee-plan match. Immobility - apparently driven by health plan inertia - contributed to the success of the cost-minimization strategy, as more than half of enrollees auto-assigned to even the lowest quality plans did not opt-out...
December 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241156/incidence-of-cutaneous-malignant-melanoma-in-iranian-provinces-and-american-states-matched-on-ultraviolet-radiation-exposure-an-ecologic-study
#11
Roxana Moslehi, Nur Zeinomar, Francis P Boscoe
OBJECTIVES: Ultraviolet radiation (UVR), with UVB and UVA as the relevant components, is a risk factor for melanoma. Complete ascertainment and registration of melanoma in Iran was conducted in five provinces (Ardabil, Golestan, Mazandaran, Gilan and Kerman) during 1996-2000. The aim of our study was to compare population-based incidence data from these provinces with rates in the United States (US) while standardizing ambient UVR. METHODS: Population-based rates representing all incident cases of melanoma (1996-2000) across the five Iranian provinces were compared to rates of melanoma among white non-Hispanics in the US...
December 11, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239621/a-qualitative-analysis-of-gabapentin-misuse-and-diversion-among-people-who-use-drugs-in-appalachian-kentucky
#12
Rachel Vickers Smith, Elaine M Boland, April M Young, Michelle R Lofwall, Alexa Quiroz, Michele Staton, Jennifer R Havens
Gabapentin, an anticonvulsant and analgesic for postherpetic neuralgia, has been thought to have no abuse potential despite numerous published reports to the contrary. Gabapentin has been linked with impaired driving and opioid use, highlighting the need to more fully understand its risk profile. Thirty-three individuals reporting recent nonmedical use of gabapentin were recruited from two ongoing longitudinal studies of drug users in Appalachian Kentucky to participate in focus groups. Four sessions were held (two in the community and two in jail settings), during which participants responded to questions regarding their personal experiences with gabapentin misuse...
December 14, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233426/analysis-of-pharmacy-student-motivators-and-deterrents-for-professional-organization-involvement
#13
Erin Petersen, Molly Wascher, Karen Kier
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine motivators and deterrents impacting a student pharmacist's decision to join professional organizations. The goal was to create a list of meaningful factors that organizations can use for membership recruitment. METHODS: This descriptive study utilized a blinded electronic survey sent to eight accredited pharmacy schools in Ohio, Michigan, Wisconsin, Indiana, Illinois, and Kentucky. The survey assessed motivating and hindering factors, as well as demographic data...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214316/association-between-hospital-financial-distress-and-immediate-breast-reconstruction-surgery-after-mastectomy-among-women-with-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ
#14
Catherine A Richards, Andrew G Rundle, Jason D Wright, Dawn L Hershman
Importance: Hospital financial distress (HFD) is a state in which a hospital is at risk of closure because of its financial condition. Hospital financial distress may reduce the services a hospital can offer, particularly unprofitable ones. Few studies have assessed the association of HFD with quality of care. Objective: To examine the association between HFD and receipt of immediate breast reconstruction surgery after mastectomy among women diagnosed with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)...
December 6, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202164/lessons-learned-by-a-founding-dean-college-of-health-and-human-services-at-western-kentucky-university
#15
John A Bonaguro
This article describes the process in the development and implementation of the College of Health and Human Services at Western Kentucky University. Lessons learned and insights gained as an inaugural dean are presented around four main themes: creating a culture of trust and transparency, leaders of change, strategic planning, and cultivating external resources. The application of change theory, transformational leadership, and systems thinking enabled the college to more than double its enrollment and to address critical workforce needs in health and human services...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197312/development-of-multiple-primary-cancers-in-lung-cancer-patients-appalachian-versus-non-appalachian-populations-of-kentucky
#16
Vira Pravosud, Bin Huang, Thomas Tucker, Nathan L Vanderford
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether patients with lung cancer in Appalachian Kentucky are more likely to develop multiple primary cancers than patients in non-Appalachian Kentucky. Additional analyses were conducted to identify other factors that may be associated with an increased hazard of developing multiple primary cancers in patients with lung cancer. METHODS: The data for this retrospective, population-based cohort study of 26,456 primary lung cancer patients were drawn from the Kentucky Cancer Registry...
December 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195496/-does-the-salmonella-genomic-island-1-sgi1-confer-invasiveness-properties-to-human-isolates
#17
Claire de Curraize, Lucie Amoureux, Julien Bador, Angélique Chapuis, Eliane Siebor, Claire Clément, Juliette Sauge, Ludwig-Serge Aho-Glélé, Catherine Neuwirth
BACKGROUND: In the eighties, a multidrug resistant clone of Salmonella Typhimurium DT104 emerged in UK and disseminated worldwide. This clone harbored a Salmonella genomic island 1 (SGI1) that consists of a backbone and a multidrug resistant region encoding for penta-resistance (ampicillin, chloramphenicol/florfenicol, streptomycin/spectinomycin, sulphonamides and tetracycline (ACSSuT)). Several authors suggested that SGI1 might have a potential role in enhancement of virulence properties of Salmonella enterica...
December 1, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193894/phenotypic-and-genotypic-comparison-of-salmonellae-from-diarrhoeic-and-healthy-humans-and-cattle-nigeria
#18
K Fashae, P Leekitcharoenphon, R S Hendriksen
The sources and modes of transmission of non-typhoidal Salmonella particularly zoonotic transmission are poorly understood in Africa. This study compared phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of Salmonellae isolated from cattle and humans. Faecal samples of diarrhoeic patients (n = 234), and a healthy population (n = 160), beef cattle at slaughter (n = 250), farms (n = 72) and market (n = 100) were cultured for salmonellae and serotyping and antimicrobial susceptibility were determined. Whole-genome sequence typing (WGST) of selected isolates and bioinformatic analysis were used to identify the multilocus sequence type (MLST), plasmid replicons, antimicrobial resistance genes and genetic relatedness by single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis...
November 28, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193013/lung-cancer-incidence-and-the-strength-of-municipal-smoke-free-ordinances
#19
Ellen J Hahn, Mary Kay Rayens, Amanda T Wiggins, Wenqi Gan, Holly M Brown, Timothy W Mullett
BACKGROUND: Smoke-free laws reduce disease prevalence. The impact of municipal smoke-free laws on lung cancer incidence in Kentucky was examined. The authors hypothesized that lung cancer incidence rates would be associated with the strength of smoke-free laws. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of 83,727 Kentucky residents aged ≥ 50 years who were newly diagnosed with lung cancer from 1995 to 2014. In 2014, 33 municipalities had 1 or more smoke-free laws...
November 28, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193011/the-life-saving-power-of-policy-lessons-from-kentucky
#20
EDITORIAL
Matthew A Steliga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2017: Cancer
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