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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927474/first-detection-and-characterization-of-salmonella-spp-in-poultry-and-swine-raised-in-backyard-production-systems-in-central-chile
#1
R Alegria-Moran, D Rivera, V Toledo, A I Moreno-Switt, C Hamilton-West
Little is known about Salmonella serovars circulating in backyard poultry and swine populations worldwide. Backyard production systems (BPS) that raise swine and/or poultry are distributed across Chile, but are more heavily concentrated in central Chile, where industrialized systems are in close contact with BPS. This study aims to detect and identify circulating Salmonella serovars in poultry and swine raised in BPS. Bacteriological Salmonella isolation was carried out for 1744 samples collected from 329 BPS in central Chile...
September 20, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882456/predicting-adverse-events-in-patients-undergoing-hepatectomy-validation-of-preoperative-nomogram-and-risk-score
#2
Travis P Spaulding, Robert C G Martin
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Much research exists on preoperative measures of postoperative mortality in the surgical treatment of liver malignancies, but little on morbidity, a more common outcome. This study aims (i) to validate the published calculations as acceptable measures of postoperative mortality and (ii) to assess the value of these published measures in predicting postoperative morbidity. METHODS: Data were collected from a prospectively managed dataset of 1059 hepatectomies performed in Louisville, Kentucky from December 1990 to April 2014...
September 4, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872699/psychosocial-correlates-of-ever-having-a-pap-test-and-abnormal-pap-results-in-a-sample-of-rural-appalachian-women
#3
Kristen P Mark, Richard A Crosby, Robin C Vanderpool
BACKGROUND: Despite known prevention and screening efforts, there are higher invasive cervical cancer rates in Appalachia than in other areas of the United States and higher mortality rates in the Appalachian region of Kentucky compared to Appalachian regions of other states. PURPOSE: The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the association of psychosocial factors relevant to cervical cancer and the outcome of ever having a Pap test in a rural sample of women...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865858/farm-business-and-operator-variables-associated-with-bulk-tank-somatic-cell-count-from-dairy-herds-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#4
Karen L DeLong, Dayton M Lambert, Susan Schexnayder, Peter Krawczel, Mark Fly, Lorraine Garkovich, Steve Oliver
Mastitis is a worldwide problem in dairy cows and results in reduced milk production, the culling of cows, and other economic losses. Bulk tank somatic cell count (BTSCC) over 200,000 cells/mL often indicates underlying subclinical mastitis in dairy herds. Several preventative measures that can be implemented to help improve the incidence of mastitis exist, but surveys find these practices not fully adopted by producers. The goal of this research was to analyze the farm and operator characteristics associated with BTSCC in dairy herds by analyzing a survey of dairy producers in the southeastern United States...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858607/a-community-based-marketing-campaign-at-farmers-markets-to-encourage-fruit-and-vegetable-purchases-in-rural-counties-with-high-rates-of-obesity-kentucky-2015-2016
#5
Emily DeWitt, Margaret McGladrey, Emily Liu, Nicole Peritore, Kelly Webber, Brooke Butterworth, Ann Vail, Alison Gustafson
Availability of farmers markets may increase fruit and vegetable consumption among rural residents of the United States. We conducted a community-based marketing campaign, Plate it Up Kentucky Proud (PIUKP), in 6 rural communities over 2 years to determine the association between exposure to the campaign and fruit and vegetable purchases, adjusted for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program recipient status. Logistic regression was used to examine the odds of the PIUKP campaign influencing purchases. Awareness of the PIUKP marketing campaign was significantly associated with a willingness to prepare fruits and vegetables at home...
August 31, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853149/assessing-methane-in-shallow-groundwater-in-unconventional-oil-and-gas-play-areas-eastern-kentucky
#6
Junfeng Zhu, Thomas M Parris, Charles J Taylor, Steven E Webb, Bart Davidson, Richard Smath, Stephen D Richardson, Lisa J Molofsky, Jenna S Kromann, Ann P Smith
The expanding use of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing technology to produce oil and gas from tight rock formations has increased public concern about potential impacts on the environment, especially on shallow drinking water aquifers. In eastern Kentucky, horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing have been used to develop the Berea Sandstone and the Rogersville Shale. To assess baseline groundwater chemistry and evaluate methane detected in groundwater overlying the Berea and Rogersville plays, we sampled 51 water wells and analyzed the samples for concentrations of major cations and anions, metals, dissolved methane, and other light hydrocarbon gases...
August 29, 2017: Ground Water
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852870/top-down-effects-of-an-invasive-omnivore-detection-in-long-term-monitoring-of-large-river-reservoir-chlorophyll-a
#7
Benjamin B Tumolo, Michael B Flinn
Invasive species are capable of altering ecosystems through the consumption of basal resources. However, quantifying the effects of invasive species in large ecosystems is challenging. Measuring changes in basal resources (i.e., phytoplankton) at an ecosystem scale is an important and potentially translatable response vital to the understanding of how introduced species influence ecosystems. In this study, we analyzed patterns of early summer chlorophyll-a in a large-river reservoir in response to invasion of silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix)...
August 29, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838913/age-sex-and-racial-differences-in-neuroimaging-use-in-acute-stroke-a-population-based-study
#8
A Vagal, P Sanelli, H Sucharew, K A Alwell, J C Khoury, P Khatri, D Woo, M Flaherty, B M Kissela, O Adeoye, S Ferioli, F De Los Rios La Rosa, S Martini, J Mackey, D Kleindorfer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Limited information is available regarding differences in neuroimaging use for acute stroke work-up. Our objective was to assess whether race, sex, or age differences exist in neuroimaging use and whether these differences depend on the care center type in a population-based study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with stroke (ischemic and hemorrhagic) and transient ischemic attack were identified in a metropolitan, biracial population using the Greater Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky Stroke Study in 2005 and 2010...
August 24, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834806/building-a-culture-of-authentic-partnership-one-academic-health-center-model-for-nursing-leadership
#9
Janie Heath, Colleen Swartz
Senior nursing leaders from the University of Kentucky (UK) College of Nursing and UK HealthCare have explored the meaning of an authentic partnership. This article quantifies the tangible benefits and outcomes from this maturing academic nursing and clinical practice partnership. Benefits include inaugural academic nursing participation in health system governance, expanded integration of nursing research programs both in the college and in the health science center, and the development of collaborative strategies to address nursing workforce needs...
September 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830120/detection-of-carfentanil-by-lc-ms-ms-and-reports-of-associated-fatalities-in-the-usa
#10
Kevin G Shanks, George S Behonick
Carfentanil is a mu (μ) opioid receptor agonist and is estimated to be ~10,000 times more potent than morphine in animal (non-human) models. It is not approved for human use and is only used to immobilize large exotic animals in veterinary medicine. In mid-2016, carfentanil emerged as a contaminant in street heroin in the USA and was central to a large number of emergency department visits and deaths. We describe an analytical method for the detection and quantification of carfentanil in whole blood specimens via a protein precipitation extraction with acetonitrile and liquid chromatography with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820641/identifying-communication-barriers-to-colorectal-cancer-screening-adherence-among-appalachian-kentuckians
#11
Audrey Smith Bachman, Elisia L Cohen, Tom Collins, Jennifer Hatcher, Richard Crosby, Robin C Vanderpool
Utilizing data from 40 in-depth interviews, this article identifies both barriers and facilitators to colorectal screening guideline adherence among Appalachian Kentucky adults recruited through a community-based research network. Key findings identify (a) varying levels of knowledge about screening guidelines, (b) reticence to engage in screening processes, and (c) nuanced communication with healthcare providers and family members regarding screening adherence. What participants knew about the screening process was often derived from personal stories or recalled stories from family members about their screening experiences...
August 18, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820300/meningeal-worm-parelaphostrongylus-tenuis-as-a-cause-of-mortality-in-the-restored-elk-cervus-canadensis-population-in-missouri
#12
M Colter Chitwood, Barbara J Keller, Harith Saeed Al-Warid, Kelly Straka, Aaron M Hildreth, Lonnie Hansen, Joshua J Millspaugh
Meningeal worm (Parelaphostrongylus tenuis) is an important cause of mortality of elk (Cervus canadensis) in populations in the eastern US and has been implicated in the failure of several restoration attempts. From 2011 to 2013, the Missouri Department of Conservation translocated 108 adult and yearling elk from Kentucky (US) to southern Missouri (US) to establish a free-ranging population. From release in spring 2011 through August 2015, we monitored 167 elk (adult, yearling, and calf) to determine causes of mortality...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811054/geographic-modeling-for-children-at-risk-for-home-fires-and-burns
#13
Carlee Lehna, Stephen Furmanek, Erin Fahey, Carol Hanchette
This study developed a predictive model for fires and burns among parents and children in Jefferson County, Kentucky. Eight risk factors for pediatric burns with census tract level data available were identified. Risk factors were synthesized to develop a cartographic model with risk levels low, medium, high, and severe. Validation was performed with fire dispatch data. At-risk areas were concentrated in the county's northwest. Risk was correlated with fire incidence rate (ρ=0.67, p<0.001). Significant risk factors were race (β=0...
August 12, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804247/ophthalmology-in-north-america-early-stories-1491-1801
#14
REVIEW
Christopher T Leffler, Stephen G Schwartz, Ricardo D Wainsztein, Adam Pflugrath, Eric Peterson
New World plants, such as tobacco, tomato, and chili, were held to have beneficial effects on the eyes. Indigenous healers rubbed or scraped the eyes or eyelids to treat inflammation, corneal opacities, and even eye irritation from smoke. European settlers used harsh treatments, such as bleeding and blistering, when the eyes were inflamed or had loss of vision with a normal appearance (gutta serena). In New Spain, surgery for corneal opacity was performed in 1601 and cataract couching in 1611. North American physicians knew of contralateral loss of vision after trauma or surgery (sympathetic ophthalmia), which they called "sympathy...
2017: Ophthalmology and Eye Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800246/risk-of-salmonellosis-from-chicken-parts-prepared-from-whole-chickens-sold-in-flow-pack-wrappers-and-subjected-to-temperature-abuse
#15
T P Oscar
The flow pack wrapper is a popular packaging choice for retail sale of whole chickens. However, it may provide a favorable environment for growth and spread of Salmonella within the package, leading to an outbreak of salmonellosis. To investigate this possibility, a process risk model was developed that predicted the risk of salmonellosis from chicken parts prepared from whole chickens sold in flow pack wrappers and subjected to proper storage (6 h at 4°C) or improper storage (72 h at 15°C) before preparation...
September 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797652/geographic-variation-in-opioid-and-heroin-involved-drug-poisoning-mortality-rates
#16
Christopher J Ruhm
INTRODUCTION: An important barrier to formulating effective policies to address the rapid rise in U.S. fatal overdoses is that the specific drugs involved are frequently not identified on death certificates. This analysis supplies improved estimates of state opioid and heroin involved drug fatality rates in 2014, and changes from 2008 to 2014. METHODS: Reported mortality rates were calculated directly from death certificates and compared to corrected rates that imputed drug involvement when no drug was specified...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795087/dataset-on-psychosocial-risk-factors-in-cases-of-fatal-and-near-fatal-physical-child-abuse
#17
Mary Clyde Pierce, Kim Kaczor, Deborah Acker, Tina Webb, Allen Brenzel, Douglas J Lorenz, Audrey Young, Richard Thompson
This article presents the psychosocial risk factors identified in the cases of 20 children less than four years of age who were victims of fatal or near-fatal physical abuse during a 12 month period in the Commonwealth of Kentucky. These data are related to the article "History, injury, and psychosocial risk factor commonalities among cases of fatal and near-fatal physical child abuse" (Pierce et al., 2017) [1].
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794254/sex-specific-stroke-incidence-over-time-in-the-greater-cincinnati-northern-kentucky-stroke-study
#18
Tracy E Madsen, Jane Khoury, Kathleen Alwell, Charles J Moomaw, Eric Rademacher, Matthew L Flaherty, Daniel Woo, Jason Mackey, Felipe De Los Rios La Rosa, Sharyl Martini, Simona Ferioli, Opeolu Adeoye, Pooja Khatri, Joseph P Broderick, Brett M Kissela, Dawn Kleindorfer
OBJECTIVE: Recent data suggest stroke incidence is decreasing over time, but it is unknown whether incidence is decreasing in women and men to the same extent. METHODS: Within our population of 1.3 million, all incident strokes among residents ≥20 years old were ascertained at all hospitals during July 1993-June 1994 and calendar years 1999, 2005, and 2010. A sampling scheme was used to ascertain out-of-hospital cases. Sex-specific incidence rates per 100,000 among black and white participants, age- and race-adjusted, were standardized to the 2000 US Census population...
September 5, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777033/pulmonary-embolism-during-stuporous-episodes-of-catatonia-was-found-to-be-the-most-frequent-cause-of-preventable-death-according-to-a-state-mortality-review-6-deaths-in-15-years
#19
Rocio Puentes, Allen Brenzel, Jose de Leon
Case reports have indicated that pulmonary embolism (PE) can be associated with deaths during episodes of catatonia. A 15-year death registry in Kentucky state psychiatric hospitals was reviewed for deaths during episodes of catatonia. From 2002 to May of 2016, reports of 96 deaths at these state psychiatric hospitals were found and reviewed by the state mortality committee. The charts of the identified catatonic patients were thoroughly reviewed. All 6 deaths occurred during episodes of what Fink and Taylor would call retarded catatonia and Ungvari would call acute stuporous catatonia...
August 4, 2017: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765084/surveillance-of-high-grade-cervical-cancer-precursors-cin-iii-ais-in-four-population-based-cancer-registries-united-states-2009-2012
#20
Meg Watson, Ashwini Soman, Elaine W Flagg, Elizabeth Unger, Dennis Deapen, Vivien W Chen, Lauren C Peres, Glenn Copeland, Thomas C Tucker, Erin Garnett, Mona Saraiya
Surveillance of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade III (CIN III) and adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) is important for determining the burden of a preventable disease, identifying effects of vaccination on future diagnoses, and developing targeted programs. We analyzed population-based rates of high-grade cervical cancer precursor lesions using data from four central cancer registries (diagnosis years 2009-2012 from Louisiana, Kentucky, Michigan, and diagnosis years 2011-2012 from Los Angeles) by age, race, and histology...
October 2017: Preventive Medicine
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