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Jameel Al-Ghazaly, Waled Al-Dubai, Munasser Abdullah, Leila Al-Gharasi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Delay in the diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) particularly in non-endemic areas is associated with higher mortality. In our experience, we found that marked bone marrow eosinopenia was a very frequent accompaniment of VL and might be a useful clue for the diagnosis, which indicates the opportunity for further morphological assessment. The aim of this study was to describe the hematological characteristics including peripheral blood and bone marrow findings of Yemeni adults and children with VL...
2017: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
Malgorzata Karawajczyk, Anders Larsson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
Asli Bolayir, Burhanettin Cigdem, Seyda Figul Gokce, Hasan Ata Bolayir, Ozlem Kayim Yildiz, Ertugrul Bolayir, Suat Ahmet Topaktas
INTRODUCTION: Inflammation may determine the prognosis of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), which has high mortality and morbidity rates. Recent studies have increasingly demonstrated eosinopenia as a prognostic factor, particularly in bacteremia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and myocardial and cerebral infarction. Nonetheless, its significance regarding the determination of prognosis in patients with ICH has not yet been clarified. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study included 296 patients who presented to our clinic within 24 hours of the onset of symptoms and who were diagnosed with ICH between January 2008 and June 2016, along with 180 age- and sex-matched controls...
October 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Takashi Matono, Satoshi Kutsuna, Yasuyuki Kato, Yuichi Katanami, Kei Yamamoto, Nozomi Takeshita, Kayoko Hayakawa, Shuzo Kanagawa, Mitsuo Kaku, Norio Ohmagari
BACKGROUND: The lack of characteristic clinical findings and accurate diagnostic tools has made the diagnosis of enteric fever difficult. We evaluated the classic signs of relative bradycardia and eosinopenia as diagnostic predictors for enteric fever among travellers who had returned from the tropics or subtropics. METHODS: This matched case-control study used data from 2006 to 2015 for culture-proven enteric fever patients as cases. Febrile patients (>38.3°C) with non-enteric fever, who had returned from the tropics or subtropics, were matched to the cases in a 1:3 ratio by age (±3 years), sex, and year of diagnosis as controls...
2017: PloS One
B Davido, S Makhloufi, M Matt, R Calin, O Senard, C Perronne, A Dinh, J Salomon
INTRODUCTION: Eosinopenia as a criterion of sepsis has been the subject of debate for decades. Different authors have proposed different cut-off values. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted from February to August 2016. Hospitalized adults suffering from a bacterial infection with eosinopenia, defined as an eosinophil count <100/mm(3), were included. Patients were divided into two groups according to the first day of effective antimicrobial therapy. They were observed for 5days in order to evaluate whether recovery from eosinopenia was predictive of an appropriate antibiotic regimen...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Theerasuk Kawamatawong, Apitch Apiwattanaporn, Warisara Siricharoonwong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: COPD exacerbation is characterized by worsening of symptoms, warranting change in treatment. Systemic and airway inflammation play roles in the pathogenesis of COPD exacerbation. We hypothesized whether increased serum inflammatory biomarkers are associated with the clinical outcomes of COPD exacerbation caused by different infectious pathogens. METHODS: COPD patients with exacerbation were recruited from a hospital emergency department during 2014-2015...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Sergei I Ochkur, Alfred D Doyle, Elizabeth A Jacobsen, William E LeSuer, Wen Li, Cheryl A Protheroe, Katie R Zellner, Dana Colbert, HuaHao H Shen, Charlie G Irvin, James J Lee, Nancy A Lee
Eosinophils and the release of cationic granule proteins have long been implicated in the development of the type 2-induced pathologies linked with respiratory inflammation. Paradoxically, the ablation of the two genes encoding the most abundant of these granule proteins, major basic protein-1 (MBP-1) and eosinophil peroxidase (EPX), results in a near collapse of eosinophilopoiesis. The specificity of this lineage ablation and the magnitude of the induced eosinopenia provide a unique opportunity to clarify the importance of eosinophils in acute and chronic inflammatory settings, as well as to identify potential mechanism(s) of action linked with pulmonary eosinophils in those settings...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
R B P Torrecilha, Y T Utsunomiya, A M Bosco, B F Almeida, P P Pereira, L G Narciso, D C M Pereira, L Baptistiolli, L Calvo-Bado, O Courtenay, C M Nunes, P C Ciarlini
Intensity of peripheral parasite infection has an important role in the transmission of Leishmania spp. from one host to another. As parasite load quantification is still an expensive procedure to be used routinely in epidemiological surveillance, the use of surrogate predictors may be an important asset in the identification of dogs with high transmitting ability. The present study examined whether common clinical and laboratory alterations can serve as predictors of peripheral parasitism in dogs naturally infected with Leishmania spp...
September 15, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Viktoria Schwarz, Katrin Bachelier, Stephan H Schirmer, Christian Werner, Ulrich Laufs, Michael Böhm
BACKGROUND: Moderate consumption of red wine is associated with fewer cardiovascular events. We investigated whether red wine consumption counteracts the adverse vascular effects of cigarette smoking. METHODS: Participants smoked 3 cigarettes alone or after drinking a titrated volume of red wine. Clinical chemistry, blood counts, plasma cytokine enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, immunomagnetic separation of CD14(+) monocytes for gene expression analysis, fluorescence-activated cell sorting for microparticles, and isolation of circulating mononuclear cells to measure telomerase activity were performed, and urine cotinine levels were quantified...
January 2017: American Journal of Medicine
Reshma Gopal Kini, Jayaprakash Chandrashekhar
INTRODUCTION: Haematological changes are the most common complications encountered in malaria. There is significant correlation between several of the haematological parameters and the clinical profile, prognosis and mortality in malaria. White cell counts and differentials are among the most basic and primary investigations done in a patient presenting with fever of short duration. AIM: This study analyzes the numerical and morphological changes in White Blood Cells (WBCs) in peripheral blood in patients with acute malaria in endemic region in an effort to get a picture of specific changes that could be identified by basic investigations...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Dimple Anand, Sumit Ray, Seema Bhargava, Lalit M Srivastava, Ashish Garg, Imran Gafoor, Rahul Singh, Debashish Dhar
AIM OF THE STUDY: Initial differentiation of sepsis from systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is of prime importance for early institution of appropriate treatment. This study aimed to compare the differential diagnostic efficacy of absolute eosinophil count (AEC - a routinely available economic marker) with total leukocyte count (TLC) and procalcitonin (PCT - a costly marker available only in specialized settings). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective observational study, 170 patients of sepsis (severe sepsis = 125; SIRS = 45) were enrolled...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Özge Korkmaz, Hakki Kaya, Osman Beton, Ali Zorlu, Sabahattin Göksel, Müslim Gül, İlker İnce, Öcal Berkan, Mehmet Birhan Yılmaz
OBJECTIVE: Coronary artery bypass graft surgery in one of the most effective and widely used methods employed in the treatment of ischemic heart disease, but many factors to various degrees are directly associated with perioperative and postoperative problems. In this study, we evaluated the relationship between preoperative eosinophil count and postoperative mortality in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft operation. METHODS: A total of 241 patients (157 males, 84 females) who underwent isolated on-pump coronary artery bypass graft operation between 2011 and 2013 in two centers were evaluated retrospectively...
April 18, 2016: Heart Surgery Forum
Ramesh B Jagtap, Amit Gupta, Sushama R Chaphalkar
AIM: In India, dairy industries are important for the livelihood of small scale farmers and dairy owners. Tropical theileriosis, mostly affecting dairy cattle and buffaloes is a major threat to dairy and related industries. Tropical theileriosis is caused by Theileria annulata, a hemoprotozoan parasite transmitted by Ixodid ticks of Hyalomma spp. In the present study, we examined the clinical signs, hematological parameters and flow cytometric profile of whole blood in 30 theileriosis affected crossbred cattle...
December 2015: Veterinary World
C E Lavoignet, P Le Borgne, H Slimani, M Forato, C Kam, P Kauffmann, F Lefebvre, P Bilbault
BACKGROUND: Several studies in internal medicine departments and in intensive care units have shown the interest of eosinopenia in the diagnosis of infected patients. The aim of the present study was to test the value of this marker in the Emergency Department (ED), either alone or associated with other common sepsis markers. METHODS: We report on a retrospective and monocentric study. We reviewed the complete blood count (CBC) of all patients visiting the ED during one-week duration (in February 2014)...
November 2016: La Revue de Médecine Interne
Yusuke S Hori, Satoshi Kodera, Yasunori Sato, Toshiaki Shiojiri
BACKGROUND: Eosinopenia has been shown to be a prognostic factor in bacteremia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and myocardial infarction, but studies focusing on cerebral infarction are lacking. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 405 patients admitted to the Asahi General Hospital from June 2011 to September 2014 with a diagnosis of cerebral infarction within 24 hours after symptom onset. Differences in mortality, mortality associated with infection, and the prevalence of infection within 2 months of hospital admission were assessed between patients with and without eosinopenia at presentation...
June 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Hatice Ezgi Baris, Safa Baris, Elif Karakoc-Aydiner, Ibrahim Gokce, Nurdan Yildiz, Dilek Cicekkoku, Ismail Ogulur, Ahmet Ozen, Harika Alpay, Isil Barlan
UNLABELLED: The severity and duration of immunosuppression caused by corticosteroids (CSs) usage have not been extensively studied. We aimed to investigate the effects of CSs on the various compartments of immune system in relation to timing of initiation and persistence of therapy. Pediatric patients with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (NS) treated with 2 mg/kg/day prednisolone and healthy control (HC) were enrolled. Blood samples were drawn for immunologic analyses at baseline and at the first and second weeks and first, second, and third months of CS therapy in addition to first and second weeks and first, second, and third months of discontinuation...
May 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
Jenessa L Gjeltema, Brigid Troan, Atis Muehlenbachs, Lindy Liu, Alexandre J Da Silva, Yvonne Qvarnstrom, Jeremy R Tobias, Michael R Loomis, Ryan S De Voe
CASE DESCRIPTION A 22-year-old male gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) housed in a zoo was evaluated for signs of lethargy, head-holding, and cervical stiffness followed by development of neurologic abnormalities including signs of depression, lip droop, and tremors. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination under general anesthesia revealed a tooth root abscess and suboptimal body condition. A CBC and serum biochemical analysis revealed mild anemia, neutrophilia and eosinopenia consistent with a stress leukogram, and signs consistent with dehydration...
February 1, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Alberto Tobón-Castaño, Esteban Mesa-Echeverry, Andrés Felipe Miranda-Arboleda
Introduction. Hematological alterations are frequent in malaria patients; the relationship between alterations in white blood cell counts and clinical status in malaria is not well understood. In Colombia, with low endemicity and unstable transmission for malaria, with malaria vivax predominance, the hematologic profile in malaria patients is not well characterized. The aim of this study was to characterize the leukogram in malaria patients and to analyze its alterations in relation to the clinical status. Methods...
2015: Journal of Tropical Medicine
Yusuke S Hori, Toru Fukuhara, Mizuho Aoi, Yoichiro Namba
BACKGROUND: Neutrophilia is associated with brain injury and is frequently accompanied by eosinopenia. Although eosinopenia is a poor prognostic indicator for various diseases, its significance in intracranial events has not been investigated. METHODS: We retrospectively included 22 pediatric patients (≤18 years old) who experienced traumatic intracranial hemorrhage between 2002 and 2015. Patients were divided into two groups based on the presence or absence of eosinopenia on admission, i...
2016: Pediatric Neurosurgery
Mohammad Hossein Rahimi-Rad, Behzad Asgari, Negar Hosseinzadeh, Ali Eishi
BACKGROUND: Acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) is a common cause of hospitalization and mortality. Recent studies have shown the usefulness of eosinopenia in predicting the outcomes of patients admitted to the intensive care unit. This study examined the association of eosinopenia with the outcomes of patients with AECOPD. METHODS: This is a prospective study. Patients with AECOPD were divided into two cohorts: patients with eosinopenia and those without eosinopenia...
March 2015: Mædica
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