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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142379/dyspnea-eosinopenia-consolidation-acidemia-and-atrial-fibrillation-score-and-bap-65-score-tools-for-prediction-of-mortality-in-acute-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-comparative-pilot-study
#1
Viral Sangwan, Dhruva Chaudhry, Roopa Malik
Introduction: Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) being common and often fatal, prognostic tools in AECOPD are lacking. Materials and Methods: A prospective, observational study was carried out in fifty patients of AECOPD admitted in A and E department. Dyspnea, Eosinopenia, Consolidation, Acidemia and atrial Fibrillation (DECAF) score and elevated blood urea nitrogen, altered mental status, pulse >109, age >65 (BAP-65) score were calculated...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097060/cortisol-is-more-important-than-metanephrines-in-driving-changes-in-leukocyte-counts-after-stroke
#2
Dannielle Zierath, Patricia Tanzi, Dean Shibata, Kyra J Becker
BACKGROUND: There are notable changes in the number of white blood cells (WBCs) after stroke, but the primary mediators of these changes are unclear. In this study, we assessed the role of the neuroendocrine and sympathetic nervous systems in stroke-induced changes of WBCs within distinct leukocyte subsets, as well as the effect of these changes on stroke outcomes. METHODS: Patients were recruited within 72 hours after ischemic stroke; complete blood count with differential was obtained at set time points...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070003/pitfalls-in-studies-of-eosinopenia-and-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-count-ratio
#3
Stamatis Karakonstantis, Dimitra Kalemaki, Emmanouil Tzagkarakis, Charalampos Lydakis
There is a number of publications evaluating the eosinophil count and the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte count ratio for diagnosis, prognosis or monitoring of patients. Of special interest is the use of these parameters for discrimination between the different causes of fever (e.g. bacterial versus viral vs. non-infectious causes of fever) and for monitoring the efficacy of therapy and predict the course of the patient. However, pitfalls in previous study designs prevent applicability to clinical practice. Here, we provide a short review of the relevant literature and summarize important factors that should be taken into account when designing studies, with special attention to the selection of a proper and clinically meaningful study population and the effects of the stress response and of corticosteroids...
October 26, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044160/eosinophilia-and-clinical-outcome-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-meta-analysis
#4
Jeffery Ho, Wajia He, Matthew T V Chan, Gary Tse, Tong Liu, Sunny H Wong, Czarina C H Leung, Wai T Wong, Sharon Tsang, Lin Zhang, Rose Y P Chan, Tony Gin, Joseph Leung, Benson W M Lau, William K K Wu, Shirley P C Ngai
Numerous studies have investigated the association between eosinophilia and clinical outcome of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) but the evidence is conflicting. We conducted a pooled analysis of outcome measures comparing eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic COPD patients. We searched articles indexed in four databases using Medical Subject Heading or Title and Abstract words including COAD, COPD, eosinophil, eosinophilia, eosinopenia from inception to December 2016. Observational studies and randomized controlled trials with parallel groups comparing COPD patients with and without eosinophilia were included...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024319/prognostic-significance-of-glasgow-prognostic-score-in-patients-with-acute-exacerbation-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#5
Hye S Kang, Kang W Cho, Soon S Kwon, Yong H Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The Glasgow prognostic score (GPS) reflects the host systemic inflammatory response and is a validated independent prognostic factor in lung cancer. We investigated GPS as a potential predictive factor of clinical outcomes in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) patients with acute exacerbation (AE). METHODS: This was a retrospective study performed between January 2006 and March 2016 in Bucheon St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea...
October 12, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959915/laboratory-parameters-for-predicting-salmonella-bacteraemia-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Suhendro Suwarto, Hadianti Adlani, Leonard Nainggolan, Cleopas Martin Rumende, Amin Soebandrio
Blood cultures for a definitive diagnosis of typhoid fever takes time and are not routinely available. We thus investigated laboratory parameters to predict Salmonella bacteraemia. We conducted a prospective cohort study in Jakarta, Indonesia. Patients with suspected typhoid fever admitted to hospital from October 2014 to December 2016 were included. Out of 187 individuals, 27 had Salmonella typhi and 12 had S. paratyphi in blood cultures. Absolute eosinopenia, elevated aspartate aminotransferase and elevated C-reactive protein > 40 mg/L were positive predictors...
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959673/haematological-evaluation-of-sodium-fluoride-toxicity-in-oryctolagus-cunniculus
#7
Maryam Abbas, Muhammad Hassan Siddiqi, Khushbukhat Khan, Kanwal Zahra, Arif-Un-Nisa Naqvi
Blood is promptly affected by environmental pollutants and toxicants that can cause many metabolic disorders. The high level of fluoride acts as a potential pollutant, insecticide and rodenticide with very high toxicity, associated with the hematological damage. This study aimed to determine the toxicity of Sodium Fluoride on hematological parameters in Oryctolagus cunniculus. Twenty rabbits were acclimatized and divided in to control group and three experimental groups.Experimental group-I, II and III were treated with 10, 30 and 50 mg/kg body weight doses of Sodium Fluoride orally...
2017: Toxicology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956365/the-eosinophil-count-tends-to-be-negatively-associated-with-levels-of-serum-glucose-in-patients-with-adrenal-cushing-syndrome
#8
Younghak Lee, Hyon Seung Yi, Hae Ri Kim, Kyong Hye Joung, Yea Eun Kang, Ju Hee Lee, Koon Soon Kim, Hyun Jin Kim, Bon Jeong Ku, Minho Shong
BACKGROUND: Cushing syndrome is characterized by glucose intolerance, cardiovascular disease, and an enhanced systemic inflammatory response caused by chronic exposure to excess cortisol. Eosinopenia is frequently observed in patients with adrenal Cushing syndrome, but the relationship between the eosinophil count in peripheral blood and indicators of glucose level in patients with adrenal Cushing syndrome has not been determined. METHODS: A retrospective study was undertaken of the clinical and laboratory findings of 40 patients diagnosed with adrenal Cushing syndrome at Chungnam National University Hospital from January 2006 to December 2016...
September 2017: Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894565/hematological-characteristics-of-yemeni-adults-and-children-with-visceral-leishmaniasis-could-eosinopenia-be-a-suspicion-index
#9
Jameel Al-Ghazaly, Waled Al-Dubai, Munasser Abdullah, Leila Al-Gharasi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Delay in the diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) particularly in non-endemic areas is associated with higher mortality. In our experience, we found that marked bone marrow eosinopenia was a very frequent accompaniment of VL and might be a useful clue for the diagnosis, which indicates the opportunity for further morphological assessment. The aim of this study was to describe the hematological characteristics including peripheral blood and bone marrow findings of Yemeni adults and children with VL...
2017: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752551/point-of-care-instruments-need-to-offer-high-levels-of-accuracy
#10
LETTER
Malgorzata Karawajczyk, Anders Larsson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733122/the-effect-of-eosinopenia-on-mortality-in-patients-with-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#11
Asli Bolayir, Burhanettin Cigdem, Seyda Figul Gokce, Hasan Ata Bolayir, Ozlem Kayim Yildiz, Ertugrul Bolayir, Suat Ahmet Topaktas
INTRODUCTION: Inflammation may determine the prognosis of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), which has high mortality and morbidity rates. Recent studies have increasingly demonstrated eosinopenia as a prognostic factor, particularly in bacteremia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and myocardial and cerebral infarction. Nonetheless, its significance regarding the determination of prognosis in patients with ICH has not yet been clarified. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study included 296 patients who presented to our clinic within 24 hours of the onset of symptoms and who were diagnosed with ICH between January 2008 and June 2016, along with 180 age- and sex-matched controls...
October 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644847/role-of-classic-signs-as-diagnostic-predictors-for-enteric-fever-among-returned-travellers-relative-bradycardia-and-eosinopenia
#12
Takashi Matono, Satoshi Kutsuna, Yasuyuki Kato, Yuichi Katanami, Kei Yamamoto, Nozomi Takeshita, Kayoko Hayakawa, Shuzo Kanagawa, Mitsuo Kaku, Norio Ohmagari
BACKGROUND: The lack of characteristic clinical findings and accurate diagnostic tools has made the diagnosis of enteric fever difficult. We evaluated the classic signs of relative bradycardia and eosinopenia as diagnostic predictors for enteric fever among travellers who had returned from the tropics or subtropics. METHODS: This matched case-control study used data from 2006 to 2015 for culture-proven enteric fever patients as cases. Febrile patients (>38.3°C) with non-enteric fever, who had returned from the tropics or subtropics, were matched to the cases in a 1:3 ratio by age (±3 years), sex, and year of diagnosis as controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627430/changes-in-eosinophil-count-during-bacterial-infection-revisiting-an-old-marker-to-assess-the-efficacy-of-antimicrobial-therapy
#13
B Davido, S Makhloufi, M Matt, R Calin, O Senard, C Perronne, A Dinh, J Salomon
INTRODUCTION: Eosinopenia as a criterion of sepsis has been the subject of debate for decades. Different authors have proposed different cut-off values. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted from February to August 2016. Hospitalized adults suffering from a bacterial infection with eosinopenia, defined as an eosinophil count <100/mm(3), were included. Patients were divided into two groups according to the first day of effective antimicrobial therapy. They were observed for 5days in order to evaluate whether recovery from eosinopenia was predictive of an appropriate antibiotic regimen...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615935/serum-inflammatory-biomarkers-and-clinical-outcomes-of-copd-exacerbation-caused-by-different-pathogens
#14
Theerasuk Kawamatawong, Apitch Apiwattanaporn, Warisara Siricharoonwong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: COPD exacerbation is characterized by worsening of symptoms, warranting change in treatment. Systemic and airway inflammation play roles in the pathogenesis of COPD exacerbation. We hypothesized whether increased serum inflammatory biomarkers are associated with the clinical outcomes of COPD exacerbation caused by different infectious pathogens. METHODS: COPD patients with exacerbation were recruited from a hospital emergency department during 2014-2015...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515227/frontline-science-eosinophil-deficient-mbp-1-and-epx-double-knockout-mice-link-pulmonary-remodeling-and-airway-dysfunction-with-type-2-inflammation
#15
Sergei I Ochkur, Alfred D Doyle, Elizabeth A Jacobsen, William E LeSuer, Wen Li, Cheryl A Protheroe, Katie R Zellner, Dana Colbert, HuaHao H Shen, Charlie G Irvin, James J Lee, Nancy A Lee
Eosinophils and the release of cationic granule proteins have long been implicated in the development of the type 2-induced pathologies linked with respiratory inflammation. Paradoxically, the ablation of the two genes encoding the most abundant of these granule proteins, major basic protein-1 (MBP-1) and eosinophil peroxidase (EPX), results in a near collapse of eosinophilopoiesis. The specificity of this lineage ablation and the magnitude of the induced eosinopenia provide a unique opportunity to clarify the importance of eosinophils in acute and chronic inflammatory settings, as well as to identify potential mechanism(s) of action linked with pulmonary eosinophils in those settings...
September 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664450/correlations-between-peripheral-parasite-load-and-common-clinical-and-laboratory-alterations-in-dogs-with-visceral-leishmaniasis
#16
R B P Torrecilha, Y T Utsunomiya, A M Bosco, B F Almeida, P P Pereira, L G Narciso, D C M Pereira, L Baptistiolli, L Calvo-Bado, O Courtenay, C M Nunes, P C Ciarlini
Intensity of peripheral parasite infection has an important role in the transmission of Leishmania spp. from one host to another. As parasite load quantification is still an expensive procedure to be used routinely in epidemiological surveillance, the use of surrogate predictors may be an important asset in the identification of dogs with high transmitting ability. The present study examined whether common clinical and laboratory alterations can serve as predictors of peripheral parasitism in dogs naturally infected with Leishmania spp...
September 15, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633722/red-wine-prevents-the-acute-negative-vascular-effects-of-smoking
#17
Viktoria Schwarz, Katrin Bachelier, Stephan H Schirmer, Christian Werner, Ulrich Laufs, Michael Böhm
BACKGROUND: Moderate consumption of red wine is associated with fewer cardiovascular events. We investigated whether red wine consumption counteracts the adverse vascular effects of cigarette smoking. METHODS: Participants smoked 3 cigarettes alone or after drinking a titrated volume of red wine. Clinical chemistry, blood counts, plasma cytokine enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, immunomagnetic separation of CD14(+) monocytes for gene expression analysis, fluorescence-activated cell sorting for microparticles, and isolation of circulating mononuclear cells to measure telomerase activity were performed, and urine cotinine levels were quantified...
January 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437231/parasite-and-the-circulating-pool-characterisation-of-leukocyte-number-and-morphology-in-malaria
#18
Reshma Gopal Kini, Jayaprakash Chandrashekhar
INTRODUCTION: Haematological changes are the most common complications encountered in malaria. There is significant correlation between several of the haematological parameters and the clinical profile, prognosis and mortality in malaria. White cell counts and differentials are among the most basic and primary investigations done in a patient presenting with fever of short duration. AIM: This study analyzes the numerical and morphological changes in White Blood Cells (WBCs) in peripheral blood in patients with acute malaria in endemic region in an effort to get a picture of specific changes that could be identified by basic investigations...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27275077/exploration-of-eosinopenia-as-a-diagnostic-parameter-to-differentiate-sepsis-from-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome-results-from-an-observational-study
#19
Dimple Anand, Sumit Ray, Seema Bhargava, Lalit M Srivastava, Ashish Garg, Imran Gafoor, Rahul Singh, Debashish Dhar
AIM OF THE STUDY: Initial differentiation of sepsis from systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is of prime importance for early institution of appropriate treatment. This study aimed to compare the differential diagnostic efficacy of absolute eosinophil count (AEC - a routinely available economic marker) with total leukocyte count (TLC) and procalcitonin (PCT - a costly marker available only in specialized settings). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective observational study, 170 patients of sepsis (severe sepsis = 125; SIRS = 45) were enrolled...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27146240/is-preoperative-eosinopenia-an-independent-predictor-of-early-mortality-for-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Özge Korkmaz, Hakki Kaya, Osman Beton, Ali Zorlu, Sabahattin Göksel, Müslim Gül, İlker İnce, Öcal Berkan, Mehmet Birhan Yılmaz
OBJECTIVE: Coronary artery bypass graft surgery in one of the most effective and widely used methods employed in the treatment of ischemic heart disease, but many factors to various degrees are directly associated with perioperative and postoperative problems. In this study, we evaluated the relationship between preoperative eosinophil count and postoperative mortality in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft operation. METHODS: A total of 241 patients (157 males, 84 females) who underwent isolated on-pump coronary artery bypass graft operation between 2011 and 2013 in two centers were evaluated retrospectively...
April 18, 2016: Heart Surgery Forum
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