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Obstetrical ultrasound training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896258/secondary-abdominal-pregnancy-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-woman
#1
Myoung Chan Kim, Hudson Manyanga, Flora Lwakatare
We report on an abdominal pregnancy in human immunodeficiency virus-positive mother, currently on antiretroviral therapy, which was discovered incidentally while training the obstetric ultrasound capacity building program. Although abdominal pregnancy is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy, it may be more common in women with HIV infection because they tend to have a higher rate of sexually transmitted diseases than the general population. The positive diagnosis of abdominal pregnancy is difficult to establish and is usually missed during prenatal assessment particularly in settings that lack routine ultrasound examination as is the case in most developing countries...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847536/is-there-a-relationship-between-ultrasound-scanning-ability-sonography-and-visuospatial-perception-or-psychomotor-ability
#2
Elizabeth Chapman, Suzanne Hagen, Helen Gallagher
BACKGROUND: Competent sonography is thought to include a unique combination of skills not yet fully defined. This presents challenges when recruiting the correct people for training. Skills are thought to include visuospatial perception and psychomotor skills, but little is known about the relationship between these aptitudes and scanning ability. This feasibility study explored such relationships, to identify evaluation techniques which may improve selection and recruitment. METHODS: A sample of 30 experienced ultrasound practitioners and 30 trainees at commencement and on completion of training were administered eight tests...
November 2016: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788415/increasing-possibilities-increasing-dilemmas-a-qualitative-study-of-swedish-midwives-experiences-of-ultrasound-use-in-pregnancy
#3
Kristina Edvardsson, Ann Lalos, Annika Åhman, Rhonda Small, Sophie Graner Md PhD, Ingrid Mogren
OBJECTIVE: to explore Swedish midwives' experiences and views of the use of obstetric ultrasound in clinical management of pregnancy, and in situations where maternal and fetal health interests conflict. DESIGN: an exploratory qualitative study based on focus group discussions (FGDs) was undertaken in 2013 as part of the CROss Country Ultrasound Study (CROCUS). Data were analysed using qualitative content analysis. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: midwives (N=25) were recruited from four public hospitals located in the northern and central parts of Sweden...
September 22, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685488/early-pregnancy-ultrasound-and-management-effect-of-a-multifaceted-training-on-physician-knowledge
#4
B O'Leary, A Khalid, M Higgins
Vaginal bleeding is a common event in early pregnancy, with 20-40% of pregnancies affected. Prompt diagnosis and management of bleeding is important, both to reduce morbidity and to avoid excessive emotional distress. This was a prospective study of an educational programme aimed at Obstetrics and Gynaecology BST trainees in the National Maternity Hospital, Dublin. The educational programme consisted of didactic lectures, and simulation and practical sessions. A questionnaire reviewing early pregnancy complications was used to assess participant knowledge...
2016: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643513/over-diagnosis-and-rising-rates-of-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injuries-oasis-time-for-reappraisal
#5
Dimos Sioutis, Ranee Thakar, Abdul H Sultan
OBJECTIVES: To identify the accuracy of clinically diagnosed OASIS using 3D endoanal ultrasound and compare symptoms and anal manometry measurements between those whose anal sphincters were adequately repaired to those who had persistent anal sphincter defects. METHODS: The endoanal scan images of women who sustained OASIS and attended the perineal clinic over a 10 year period (2003 - 2013) were re-analysed from data entered prospectively of women with clinically diagnosed and repaired OASIS...
September 19, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500343/accuracy-of-home-based-ultrasonographic-diagnosis-of-obstetric-risk-factors-by-primary-level-health-care-workers-in-rural-nepal
#6
Naoko Kozuki, Luke C Mullany, Subarna K Khatry, Ram K Ghimire, Sharma Paudel, Karin Blakemore, Christine Bird, James M Tielsch, Steven C LeClerq, Joanne Katz
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of ultrasonographic task shifting by estimating the accuracy at which primary-level health care workers can perform community-based third-trimester ultrasound diagnosis for selected obstetric risk factors in rural Nepal. METHODS: Three auxiliary nurse-midwives received two 1-week ultrasound trainings at Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital in Kathmandu. At a study site in rural Nepal, pregnant women who were 32 weeks of gestation or greater were enrolled and received ultrasound examinations from the auxiliary nurse-midwives during home visits...
September 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490462/impact-factors-and-prediction-of-popular-topics-in-a-journal
#7
M B Nielsen, K Seitz
The impact factor (IF) for 2015 was recently released and this could be the time to once again reflect on its use as a metric of a journal. Problems and concerns regarding the IF have been addressed extensively elsewhere 1 2. The principle of the IF for a given year is that it represents the average number of citations of articles published in the journal in the two previous years.While authors frequently cite the IF as a determining factor for submission, the IF does not predict how many times individual articles will be cited...
August 2016: Ultraschall in der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472989/point-of-care-ultrasound-a-wfumb-position-paper
#8
Christoph F Dietrich, Adrian Goudie, Liliana Chiorean, Xin Wu Cui, Odd Helge Gilja, Yi Dong, Jacques S Abramowicz, Sudhir Vinayak, Susan Campbell Westerway, Christian Pállson Nolsøe, Yi-Hong Chou, Michael Blaivas
Over the last decade, the use of portable ultrasound scanners has enhanced the concept of point of care ultrasound (PoC-US), namely, "ultrasound performed at the bedside and interpreted directly by the treating clinician." PoC-US is not a replacement for comprehensive ultrasound, but rather allows physicians immediate access to clinical imaging for rapid and direct solutions. PoC-US has already revolutionized everyday clinical practice, and it is believed that it will dramatically change how ultrasound is applied in daily practice...
July 26, 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452066/-essential-but-not-always-available-when-needed-an-interview-study-of-physicians-experiences-and-views-regarding-use-of-obstetric-ultrasound-in-tanzania
#9
Annika Åhman, Hussein Lesio Kidanto, Matilda Ngarina, Kristina Edvardsson, Rhonda Small, Ingrid Mogren
BACKGROUND: The value of obstetric ultrasound in high-income countries has been extensively explored but evidence is still lacking regarding the role of obstetric ultrasound in low-income countries. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore experiences and views among physicians working in obstetric care in Tanzania, on the role of obstetric ultrasound in relation to clinical management. DESIGN: A qualitative study design was applied. Data were collected in 2015, through 16 individual interviews with physicians practicing in obstetric care at hospitals in an urban setting in Tanzania...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433250/survey-of-current-practice-in-clinical-transvaginal-ultrasound-scanning-in-the-uk
#10
Eleanor Martin, Adam Shaw, Christoph Lees
During transvaginal ultrasound scanning, the fetus and other sensitive tissues are placed close to the transducer. Heating of these tissues occurs by direct conduction from the transducer and by absorption of ultrasound in the tissue. The extent of any heating will depend on the equipment and settings used, the duration of the scan, imaging modes and other aspects of scanning practice. To ensure that scans are performed with minimum risk, staff should have an appropriate knowledge of safety and follow guidelines issued by professional bodies...
August 2015: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388865/the-role-of-ultrasound-simulation-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-training-a-uk-trainees-perspective
#11
Hersha Patel, Dhivya Chandrasekaran, Eva Myriokefalitaki, Alpha Gebeh, Kate Jones, Yadava B Jeve
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasonography is a core skill required by all obstetrics and gynecology trainees; however, training opportunities in clinical ultrasound are declining. Simulation ultrasound training has been proposed as a strategy to overcome this.The study aims were to determine the current availability of clinical and simulation ultrasound training in obstetrics and gynecology in the United Kingdom and to explore the trainees' perspective on the role of ultrasound simulation. METHODS: All obstetrics and gynecology trainees within the East Midlands Local Education Training Board in the United Kingdom were asked to complete an anonymous web-based survey in July 2014...
July 6, 2016: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357908/obstetric-training-in-emergency-medicine-a-needs-assessment
#12
Adam James Janicki, Courteney MacKuen, Alisse Hauspurg, Jamieson Cohn
BACKGROUND: Identification and management of obstetric emergencies is essential in emergency medicine (EM), but exposure to pregnant patients during EM residency training is frequently limited. To date, there is little data describing effective ways to teach residents this material. Current guidelines require completion of 2 weeks of obstetrics or 10 vaginal deliveries, but it is unclear whether this instills competency. METHODS: We created a 15-item survey evaluating resident confidence and knowledge related to obstetric emergencies...
2016: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27312098/-french-residents-training-in-instrumental-deliveries-a-national-survey
#13
C Saunier, E Raimond, A Dupont, A Pelissier, S Bonneau, R Gabriel, O Graesslin
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate French residents in Obstetrics and Gynaecology's training in instrumental deliveries in 2015. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a national descriptive survey among 758 residents between December 2014 and January 2015. Respondents were invited by email to specify their University Hospital, their current university term, the number of instrumental deliveries performed by vacuum extractor, forceps or spatulas, and whether they made systematic ultrasound exams before performing the extraction...
June 13, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27311166/-prevalence-in-birth-defects-diagnosed-by-ultrasound-three-years-experience-in-university-maternal-fetal-medicine-unit
#14
Saulo Molina-Giraldo, Luis Alfonso-Ospina, Carolina Parra-Meza, Eder Ariel Lancheros-García, José Luis Rojas-Arias, Edgar Acuña-Osorio
OBJECTIVE: To establish the prevalence of congenital malformations diagnosed in Maternal-Fetal Medicine Unit of Hospital de San José, Bogotá-Colombia and comparing them to national and international reports. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective, descriptive observational where the quantification of all malformed fetuses diagnosed in Maternal-Fetal Medicine Unit from June 2010 to June 2013 was performed. RESULTS: 236 malformed fetuses, a total of 11,914 births, for a prevalence of 1...
November 2015: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27176172/current-implementation-of-universal-cervical-length-screening-for-preterm-birth-prevention-in-the-united-states-19
#15
Adeeb Khalifeh, Johanna Quist-Nelson, Vincenzo Berghella
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the incidence of implementation of universal cervical length (CL) screening for preterm birth (PTB) prevention among institutions with Maternal-Fetal Medicine (MFM) fellowship training in the United States. METHODS: In January 2015, we conducted a national survey of institutions with MFM Fellowship Programs regarding implementation of universal CL screening, defined as CL screening of women with singleton gestations without a prior spontaneous PTB...
May 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27147768/training-of-midwives-in-advanced-obstetrics-in-liberia
#16
Obed Dolo, Alice Clack, Hannah Gibson, Naomi Lewis, David P Southall
PROBLEM: The shortage of doctors in Liberia limits the provision of comprehensive emergency obstetric and neonatal care. APPROACH: In a pilot project, two midwives were trained in advanced obstetric procedures and in the team approach to the in-hospital provision of advanced maternity care. The training took two years and was led by a Liberian consultant obstetrician with support from international experts. LOCAL SETTING: The training took place in CB Dunbar Maternity Hospital...
May 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27125579/physicians-experiences-and-views-on-the-role-of-obstetric-ultrasound-in-rural-and-urban-rwanda-a-qualitative-study
#17
Kristina Edvardsson, Joseph Ntaganira, Annika Åhman, Jean Paul Semasaka Sengoma, Rhonda Small, Ingrid Mogren
OBJECTIVE: To explore Rwandan physicians' experiences and views on the role of obstetric ultrasound in clinical management of pregnancy, and in situations where maternal and fetal health interests conflict. METHODS: Physicians (n = 19) in public and private health facilities in urban and rural Rwanda were interviewed in 2015 as part of the CROss-Country Ultrasound Study (CROCUS). Data were analysed qualitatively. RESULTS: Ultrasound was described as an important tool in maternity care...
July 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27112623/collecting-validity-evidence-for-the-assessment-of-mastery-learning-in-simulation-based-ultrasound-training
#18
L Dyre, L N Nørgaard, A Tabor, M E Madsen, J L Sørensen, C Ringsted, M Tolsgaard
PURPOSE: To collect validity evidence for the assessment of mastery learning on a virtual reality transabdominal ultrasound simulator. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We assessed the validity evidence using Messick's framework for validity. The study included 20 novices and 9 ultrasound experts who all completed 10 obstetric training modules on a transabdominal ultrasound simulator that provided automated measures of performance for each completed module (i. e., simulator metrics)...
August 2016: Ultraschall in der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928557/prenatal-counseling-ultrasound-diagnosis-and-the-role-of-maternal-fetal-medicine-of-the-cleft-lip-and-palate-patient
#19
REVIEW
Jeffrey N James, Daniel W Schlieder
A multidisciplinary team is the standard of care and the cornerstone of management of cleft patients. With readily improving advanced diagnostic modalities, early prenatal diagnosis of cleft lip and palate increasingly becomes a topic of importance for both the team caring for and families of cleft patients. Maternal-fetal medicine is a fellowship subspecialty of obstetrics that can offer high-quality care and coordination to the cleft team. Both 3-D and 4-D sonography lead to early prenatal diagnosis of cleft patients; however, differences in training result in variations in its diagnostic accuracy...
May 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26899999/-obstetrical-ultrasound-simulator-as-a-tool-for-improving-teaching-strategies-for-beginners-pilot-study-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
G E Chalouhi, T Quibel, C Lamourdedieu, N J Hajal, A Gueneuc, N Benzina, V Bernardi, Y Ville
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the obstetrical ultrasound simulator as an initiation tool for teaching obstetrical ultrasound scanning for beginners. METHODS: Twenty medical students with no experience in ultrasound scan (US) received a basic theoretical ultrasonography course on US principles and 2nd trimester biometrical measurements. The participants were then divided into 2 groups (A, B). Only group A received a practical 2nd trimester scan training session on the simulator where they were asked to determine fetal and placental position, and to take the 3 biometrical standardized measurements...
February 15, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
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