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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328719/predicting-the-maximum-dynamic-strength-in-bench-press-the-high-precision-of-the-bar-velocity-approach
#1
Irineu Loturco, Ronaldo Kobal, José E Moraes, Katia Kitamura, César C Cal Abad, Lucas A Pereira, Fábio Y Nakamura
Loturco, I, Kobal, R, Moraes, JE, Kitamura, K, Cal Abad, CC, Pereira, LA, and Nakamura, FY. Predicting the maximum dynamic strength in bench press: the high precision of the bar velocity approach. J Strength Cond Res 31(4): 1127-1131, 2017-The aim of this study was to determine the force-velocity relationship and test the possibility of determining the 1 repetition maximum (1RM) in "free weight" and Smith machine bench presses. Thirty-six male top-level athletes from 3 different sports were submitted to a standardized 1RM bench press assessment (free weight or Smith machine, in randomized order), following standard procedures encompassing lifts performed at 40-100% of 1RM...
April 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328717/perceived-sleep-quality-mood-states-and-their-relationship-with-performance-among-brazilian-elite-athletes-during-a-competitive-period
#2
Ricardo Brandt, Guilherme G Bevilacqua, Alexandro Andrade
Brandt, R, Bevilacqua, GG, and Andrade, A. Perceived sleep quality, mood states, and their relationship with performance among Brazilian elite athletes during a competitive period. J Strength Cond Res 31(4): 1033-1039, 2017-We described the perceived sleep quality and mood states of elite athletes during a competitive period, and clarified their relationship to athletes' sport performance. Participants were 576 Brazilian elite athletes (404 men and 172 women) of individual and team sports. Mood states were evaluated using the Brunel Mood Scale, whereas perceived sleep quality was evaluated using a single question ("How would you evaluate the quality of your sleep in the last few days?")...
April 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327371/longitudinal-changes-in-linguistic-complexity-among-professional-football-players
#3
Visar Berisha, Shuai Wang, Amy LaCross, Julie Liss, Pamela Garcia-Filion
Reductions in spoken language complexity have been associated with the onset of various neurological disorders. The objective of this study is to analyze whether similar trends are found in professional football players who are at risk for chronic traumatic encephalopathy. We compare changes in linguistic complexity (as indexed by the type-to-token ratio and lexical density) measured from the interview transcripts of players in the National Football League (NFL) to those measured from interview transcripts of coaches and/or front-office NFL executives who have never played professional football...
March 16, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327086/design-of-the-lifestyle-interventions-for-severe-mentally-ill-outpatients-in-the-netherlands-lion-trial-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-study-of-a-multidimensional-web-tool-intervention-to-improve-cardiometabolic-health-in-patients-with-severe-mental-illness
#4
Anne Looijmans, Frederike Jörg, Richard Bruggeman, Robert Schoevers, Eva Corpeleijn
BACKGROUND: The cardiometabolic health of persons with a severe mental illness (SMI) is alarming with obesity rates of 45-55% and diabetes type 2 rates of 10-15%. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviours play a large role in this. Despite the multidisciplinary guideline for SMI patients recommending to monitor and address patients' lifestyle, most mental health care professionals have limited lifestyle-related knowledge and skills, and (lifestyle) treatment protocols are lacking. Evidence-based practical lifestyle tools may support both patients and staff in improving patients' lifestyle...
March 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325645/athletic-identity-compulsive-exercise-and-eating-psychopathology-in-long-distance-runners
#5
Robert Turton, Huw Goodwin, Caroline Meyer
Having a high athletic identity is thought to increase vulnerability for compulsive exercise and Eating Disorder (ED) psychopathology. This study examined whether there is an association between athletic identity and levels of compulsive exercise and ED psychopathology in long-distance runners. A sample of 501 long-distance runners completed the Athletic Identity Measurement Scale (AIMS), Compulsive Exercise Test (CET) and Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire (EDEQ). There was a significant positive association between participants' AIMS and total CET scores (moderate effect size; r=0...
March 8, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325084/application-of-a-contextual-instructional-framework-in-a-continuing-professional-development-training-program-for-physiotherapists-in-rwanda
#6
Kim Dunleavy, Julia Chevan, Antoinette P Sander, Jean Damascene Gasherebuka, Monika Mann
BACKGROUND: Continuing professional development is an important component of capacity building in low resource countries. The purpose of this case study is to describe the use of a contextual instructional framework to guide the processes and instructional design choices for a series of continuing professional development courses for physiotherapists in Rwanda. METHODS: Four phases of the project are described: (1) program proposal, needs assessment and planning, (2) organization of the program and instructional design, (3) instructional delivery and (4) evaluation...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322649/the-feasibility-of-an-exergaming-program-in-underserved-older-african-americans
#7
Ying-Yu Chao, Rita Musanti, Peijia Zha, Carina Katigbak
The study tested the feasibility and efficacy of an exergaming program in underserved older African American communities. The study is a single-group with pre- and posttest design. Twelve female participants ( M age = 64.17 ± 6.74 years) completed an exergaming program once or twice a week for 24 sessions over 14 weeks. Community health workers implemented the program through coaching and supporting mechanisms to motivate participants to exercise. A mixed-methods analysis was used to assess the intervention...
January 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322648/randomized-trials-of-nurse-delivered-interventions-in-weight-management-research
#8
Lucine Petit Francis, Erin Spaulding, Ruth-Alma Turkson-Ocran, Jerilyn Allen
The purpose of this systematic review was to determine whether nurse-delivered weight management interventions improve weight outcomes across the life span. We conducted a comprehensive search of the PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO electronic databases. We graded the trials using an adapted Jadad approach for methodological quality. The search identified a total of 1,159 citations; 23 articles from 20 studies were eligible for this review. Sixty-five percent of the studies reported significant findings related to body mass index (BMI) or weight reduction...
January 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322422/use-it-or-lose-it-cognitive-activity-as-a-protec-tive-factor-for-cognitive-decline-associated-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#9
Panagiota Mistridis, Jutta Mata, Stefan Neuner-Jehle, Jean-Marie Annoni, Andreas Biedermann, Irene Bopp-Kistler, Dominique Brand, Andrea Brioschi Guevara, Hedi Decrey-Wick, Jean-François Démonet, Ulrich Hemmeter, Reto W Kressig, Brian Martin, Luca Rampa, Egemen Savaskan, Andreas Stuck, Philipp Tschopp, Dina Zekry, Andreas Monsch
Because of the worldwide aging of populations, Alzheimer's disease and other dementias constitute a devastating experience for patients and families as well as a major social and economic burden for both healthcare systems and society. Multiple potentially modifiable cardiovascular and lifestyle risk factors have been associated with this disease. Thus, modifying these risk factors and identifying protective factors represent important strategies to prevent and delay disease onset and to decrease the social burden...
March 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322070/enhancing-clinical-communication-in-dermatologists-a-personalized-educational-intervention
#10
Zoi Tsimtsiou, Charitini Stavropoulou, Noni Papastefanou, Christos Lionis
OBJECTIVES: Effective communication is a vital component of patient-centered consultations with favourable treatment outcomes. This study aimed in testing the effectiveness of a personalized, communication training program for dermatologists in their practices. METHODS: Fifteen dermatologists were offered the educational intervention NO.TE.S. (Non Technical Skills). Depending on the dermatologists' needs, seven to nine sessions with a 60-minute duration were performed, focusing on: patient-centered care, principles of Neurolinguistic Programming, a guide to the medical interview, principles of motivational interviewing and self-care...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321588/use-of-bioimpedianciometer-as-predictor-of-mountain-marathon-performance
#11
Vicente Javier Clemente-Suarez, Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis
This study aimed to examine the relation among body composition, training experience and race time during a mountain marathon. Body composition and training pre-race experience analyses were conducted previous to a mountain marathon in 52 male athletes. A significant correlation between race time and mountain marathon with chronological age, body fat mass, percentage of body fat (BF), level of abdominal obesity, sport experience and daily training volume was revealed. In addition, BF and athlete's chronological age were negatively associated with race performance...
May 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320732/what-is-the-effect-of-health-coaching-on-physical-activity-participation-in-people-aged-60-years-and-over-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#12
REVIEW
Juliana S Oliveira, Catherine Sherrington, Anita B Amorim, Amabile B Dario, Anne Tiedemann
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is common in older age, yet increased activity benefits older people in terms of preventing chronic disease and maximising independence. Health coaching is a behaviour change intervention that has been shown to increase physical activity in clinical populations. This systematic review and meta-analysis investigated the effect of health coaching on physical activity, mobility, quality of life and mood in older people. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, PsycINFO, PEDro, SPORTDiscus, LILACS and CINAHL databases were used to identify randomised controlled trials which evaluated the effect of health coaching on physical activity (primary outcome) among people aged 60+...
March 20, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320567/gender-differences-in-concussion-and-postinjury-cognitive-findings-in-an-older-and-younger-pediatric-population
#13
Sarah Tanveer, Nassim Zecavati, Elizabeth Bronson Delasobera, Temitayo Oyefunmike Oyegbile
BACKGROUND: Studies have documented gender differences associated with concussion. The purpose of this study was to determine if these gender differences are also noted within a pediatric population. METHODS: This prospective study analyzed 1971 patients who had completed preconcussion and postconcussion neuropsychological testing within the Washington, DC, area. RESULTS: Our results showed that children and adolescents with concussion exhibit gender differences with respect to risk factors, recovery, and symptomatology...
February 9, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318289/parental-social-coaching-promotes-adolescent-peer-acceptance-across-the-middle-school-transition
#14
Kim D Gregson, Kelly M Tu, Stephen A Erath, Gregory S Pettit
The present study investigated longitudinal associations between behavioral and cognitive dimensions of parental social coaching (i.e., advice about how to behave or think about peer challenges) and young adolescents' peer acceptance, and whether such associations are moderated by youths' social skills. Time 1 (T1) participants included 123 young adolescents (M age = 12.03 years; 50% boys; 58.5% European American). Parents gave open-ended reports about their social coaching to hypothetical peer stress scenarios, which were coded from low to high quality on behavioral and cognitive dimensions...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316263/individualised-dietary-strategies-for-olympic-combat-sports-acute-weight-loss-recovery-and-competition-nutrition
#15
Reid Reale, Gary Slater, Louise M Burke
Olympic combat sports separate athletes into weight divisions, in an attempt to reduce size, strength, range and/or leverage disparities between competitors. Official weigh-ins are conducted anywhere from 3 and up to 24 h prior to competition ensuring athletes meet weight requirements (i.e. have 'made weight'). Fighters commonly aim to compete in weight divisions lower than their day-to-day weight, achieved via chronic and acute manipulations of body mass (BM). Although these manipulations may impair health and absolute performance, their strategic use can improve competitive success...
March 19, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315544/communication-coaching-a-case-study-of-family-caregiver-burden
#16
Elaine Wittenberg, Betty Ferrell, Marianna Koczywas, Catherine Ferraro
BACKGROUND: Problematic communication among providers, patients, and their family members can affect the quality of patient care, causing stress to all parties involved and decreased opportunities for collaborative decision making.
. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to present one case from a pilot study of a family caregiver intervention focused on communication. 
. METHODS: The nurse-delivered communication intervention includes a written communication guide for family caregivers, as well as a one-time nurse communication coaching call...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315481/a-patient-advocate-to-facilitate-access-and-improve-communication-care-and-outcomes-in-adults-with-moderate-or-severe-asthma-rationale-design-and-methods-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Andrea J Apter, Knashawn H Morales, Xiaoyan Han, Luzmercy Perez, Jingru Huang, Grace Ndicu, Anna Localio, Alyssa Nardi, Heather Klusaritz, Marisa Rogers, Alexis Phillips, Zuleyha Cidav, J Sanford Schwartz
Few interventions to improve asthma outcomes have targeted low-income minority adults. Even fewer have focused on the real-world practice where care is delivered. We adapted a patient navigator, here called a Patient Advocate (PA), a term preferred by patients, to facilitate and maintain access to chronic care for adults with moderate or severe asthma and prevalent co-morbidities recruited from clinics serving low-income urban neighborhoods. We describe the planning, design, methodology (informed by patient and provider focus groups), baseline results, and challenges of an ongoing randomized controlled trial of 312 adults of a PA intervention implemented in a variety of practices...
March 14, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314495/global-service-learning-and-student-athletes-a-model-for-enhanced-academic-inclusion-at-the-university-of-washington
#18
Holly M Barker
BACKGROUND: The University of Washington (UW) continues to create opportunities to engage all students in transformational undergraduate educational opportunities, such as study abroad. OBJECTIVE: This article describes specific efforts to increase inclusion for student-athletes in study abroad, particularly for first-generation students, including low-income students of color. Given the overrepresentation of students of color in sports vis-à-vis the larger student body at predominantly white institutions (PWIs), like UW, service-learning in communities beyond campus boundaries provides opportunities to apply international learning to a local context and to create a continuum of learning...
November 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301437/transient-fatigue-is-not-influenced-by-ball-in-play-time-during-elite-rugby-league-matches
#19
M Waldron, E Thomson, J Highton, C Twist
The capacity to sustain high-speed running is important for rugby league players. Transient fatigue, described as a reduction in high-speed running in the 5-min after a peak 5-min period, is a phenomenon observed during rugby league matches. This concept has recently been questioned based on the proposed confounding influence of ball-in-play time during these periods. Therefore, this study examined the changes in high-speed running (> 14 km[BULLET OPERATOR]h) of elite rugby league players, as well as ball-in-play time, during the peak, subsequent and mean 5-min periods of five competitive matches using 5 Hz GPS devices...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301435/different-cluster-sets-result-in-similar-metabolic-endocrine-and-perceptual-responses-in-trained-men
#20
James J Tufano, Jenny A Conlon, Sophia Nimphius, Jonathan M Oliver, Andreas Kreutzer, G Gregory Haff
The purpose of this study was to compare the kinematic, metabolic, endocrine, and perceptual responses of three back squat protocols with equal loads, number of repetitions, and total rest duration. Eight strength-trained men performed 36 back squats using 75% 1RM and 420 s of total rest during basic cluster sets of 4 (CS4), rest-redistribution sets of 4 (RR4), and rest-redistribution sets of 1 (RR1). Ratings of perceived exertion (RPE), blood lactate (La), mean velocity maintenance (MVM), and mean velocity loss (MVL) were measured during exercise...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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