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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932262/the-coach-program-a-joint-approach-to-patient-education-and-support
#1
Yael Shaked, Patricia Dickson, Kathy Workman
Hospital lengths of stay for orthopaedic procedures are declining internationally. Discharge home from hospital following total joint replacement surgery can be stressful due to pain and physical restrictions. Thus, many patients report experiencing increased anxiety and feeling a sudden withdrawal of support from their medical team. The Coach Program maximizes human resources and family-centred care by formally integrating an individual whom the patient identifies as their primary support into their health care team...
December 5, 2016: Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932010/bottleneck-analysis-approach-to-accelerate-newborn-care-services-in-two-regions-in-ghana-implications-for-national-newborn-care
#2
A E Yawson, J K Awoonor-Williams, I Sagoe-Moses, P K Aboagye, A O Yawson, L K Senaya, G Bonsu, J B Eleeza, E E A Agongo, H K Banskota
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to describe application of a data-driven approach (bottleneck analysis [BNA] approach process) to accelerate newborn care services in two regions and what effect it had on national-level newborn care interventions in Ghana. STUDY DESIGN: A mixed-method approach was used for the study. The BNA tool generated quantitative data and group discussions provided phenomenological explanations to identified service gaps. METHODS: Regional newborn care health service assessments were conducted in November 2013 through desk reviews, field and health facility visits and coaching/mentorship...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930826/a-molecular-epidemiological-study-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococci-environmental-contamination-in-railway-stations-and-coach-stations-in-guangzhou-of-china
#3
J L Lin, Y Peng, Q T Ou, D L Lin, Y Li, X H Ye, J L Zhou, Z J Yao
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has caused a series of public health problems since it was first found in 1961. However, there are few research studies on the MRSA environmental contamination in railway stations and coach stations. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine MRSA environmental contamination in public transport stations. Between December 2013 and January 2014, 380 surface samples from three railway stations (180) and four coach stations (200) in Guangzhou were collected to isolate and determine the prevalence and characteristics of Staphylococci strains...
December 8, 2016: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930475/weight-loss-associated-with-employee-income-in-an-incentivized-employee-wellness-program
#4
Jennifer T Fink, Jennifer Rich, David R Smith, Maharaj Singh, Kelly Sutton, George Mueller, Doug M Ihrke, Jessica L Skalla, Ron A Cisler
OBJECTIVE: We examined the relationship between the type of incentivized wellness program and employee weight loss and the effects of participant income. METHODS: We retrospectively examined employees who participated in one of six weight loss wellness programs, which were categorized for the present analysis: reweigh/body mass index, Coaching, and Weight Watchers/Meal Replacement. Those who participated were eligible for a $350/year insurance premium discount. RESULTS: Employees in the low-income category of $45K or less participated at a higher rate, however, did not lose as much weight as those participants in the higher income categories of $70K or more...
December 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930450/yo-yo-intermittent-recovery-test-level-2-and-its-relationship-to-other-typical-soccer-field-tests-in-female-collegiate-soccer-players
#5
Robert G Lockie, Farzad Jalilvand, Matthew R Moreno, Ashley J Orjalo, Fabrice G Risso, Sophia Nimphius
The ability to complete high-intensity running is essential for soccer. The Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test Level 2 (YYIRT2) can measure this capacity, but there is limited information regarding this assessment in collegiate female soccer players. This study investigated the YYIRT2 as a measure of high-intensity running in this population, and its relationship to other soccer field tests. Twenty-one players from a Division I team were recruited. In addition to the YYIRT2, subjects completed linear (0-5, 0-10, 0-30 m sprint intervals) and change-of-direction (pro-agility and 60-yard shuttle) speed tests, as well as the YYIRT Level 1 (YYIRT1), to assess relationships with YYIRT2 via correlations (p < 0...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930446/prediction-of-overuse-injuries-in-professional-u18-u21-footballers-using-metrics-of-training-distance-and-intensity
#6
Christopher S Bacon, Alexis R Mauger
The most common injury in professional football is an overuse injury to the lower limb. A significant external risk factor of this injury is the mismanagement of training and match loads. The aim of the current study was to examine the predictability of overuse injuries in professional youth soccer players using volume and intensity variables derived from Global Positioning Systems (GPS). A total of 41 players (Age - 17.8 yrs±1.1 yrs) training and match loads were assessed. These external loads were measured over two competitive seasons for every training session and match for each individual...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928888/self-care-tools-to-treat-depressive-symptoms-in-patients-with-age-related-eye-disease-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#7
Hortence Kamga, Jane McCusker, Mark Yaffe, Maida Sewitch, Tamara Sussman, Erin Strumpf, Sébastien Olivier, Walter Wittich, Solmaz Moghadaszadeh, Ellen E Freeman
BACKGROUND: Depression is very common in people with age-related eye disease. Our goal was to determine if self-care tools plus limited telephone support could reduce depressive symptoms in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) or diabetic retinopathy (DR). DESIGN: A single-blind randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted at Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital in Montreal, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty participants were recruited METHODS: To be eligible, participants must have had either late stage AMD or DR, at least mild depressive symptoms, and visual acuity better than 20/200...
December 7, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928825/patient-involvement-in-own-rehabilitation-after-early-discharge
#8
Britta Hørdam, Merete Watt Boolsen
BACKGROUND: A European Union Commission report in 2015 concluded that the concept of patient involvement refers specially to the right of patients to have a central position in the healthcare process (EU Commission 2012, http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/quali/ql_5937_patient_en.pdf). Recent research suggests that patient involvement after hip replacement is a very effective strategy in older adults with regard to improving walking ability and reducing pain and thereby lessening loss of physical, mental and social aspects of the quality of life...
December 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928511/latino-hispanic-alzheimer-s-caregivers-experiencing-dementia-related-dressing-issues-corroboration-of-the-preservation-of-self-model-and-reactions-to-a-smart-dresser-computer-based-dressing-aid
#9
Diane Feeney Mahoney, David W Coon, Cecil Lozano
OBJECTIVE: To gain an understanding of Latino/Hispanic caregivers' dementia-related dressing issues, their impressions of using a "smart" context-aware dresser to coach dressing, and recommendations to improve its acceptability. METHOD: The same Latina moderator conducted all the caregiver focus groups. She followed a semi-structured interview guide that was previously used with White and African American family caregivers who experienced Alzheimer's disease related dressing challenges...
November 2016: Digit Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928214/enhancing-collegiate-women-s-soccer-psychosocial-and-performance-outcomes-by-promoting-intrinsic-sources-of-sport-enjoyment
#10
Scott P Barnicle, Damon Burton
This study examined the effectiveness of an applied mental skills training (MST) intervention utilizing mental skills to enhance intrinsic sources of enjoyment (ISOEs) as a means of promoting self-confidence, motivational style, and athletic performance, while also decreasing trait anxiety. The intervention project was designed to increase intrinsic SOE using a systematic and individualized mental training protocol, and then examine its relationships to mental skills and soccer performance. A Division 1 collegiate women's soccer team was randomly assigned to treatment (n = 8) and control (n = 11) groups, equally distributed by academic year, position, and pre-season coach-evaluated starters and non-starts...
December 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927220/e-learning-for-research-capacity-strengthening-in-sexual-and-reproductive-health-the-experience-of-the-geneva-foundation-for-medical-education-and-research-and-the-department-of-reproductive-health-and-research-world-health-organization
#11
Karim Abawi, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Igor Toskin, Mario Philip Festin, Lynn Gertiser, Raqibat Idris, Hanan Hamamy, Moazzam Ali, Ameyo Masakhwe Bonventure, Marleen Temmerman, Aldo Campana
: Technological advancement has resulted in the increasing use of e-learning and online education, initially in high-income countries and increasingly in low- and middle-income countries. BACKGROUND: In 2010, the Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research, in collaboration with the World Health Organization and partner institutions, developed an online postgraduate course "From Research to Practice: Training Course in Sexual and Reproductive Health Research"...
December 7, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924665/behind-closed-doors
#12
Kevin Duan, Leslie Sheu
This Personal View about feedback culture is based on our personal experiences as internal medicine chief residents with attendings, residents, and interns who came into our office to discuss concerns about team members. Our unique perspective as chief residents revealed a tendency amongst physicians at all levels of training to first raise these concerns behind closed doors, instead of with the learner directly. We highlight the need to shift feedback culture in medical training away from this practice towards a clinical "micro-coaching" approach...
December 7, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924283/effects-of-the-dietary-detoxification-program-on-serum-%C3%AE-glutamyltransferase-anthropometric-data-and-metabolic-biomarkers-in-adults
#13
Ju Ah Kim, Jin Young Kim, Seung Wan Kang
BACKGROUND: Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) are well-known environmental contaminants which are associated with chronic diseases. As foods are the major sources of human exposure to toxic pollutants, we developed an integrated dietary and education program to eliminate the chemical toxin throughout the human body. The present study evaluated effects of the dietary detoxification program on serum γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT), anthropometric data and metabolic biomarkers in adults...
September 2016: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923860/using-a-domestic-and-sexual-violence-prevention-advocate-to-implement-a-dating-violence-prevention-program-with-athletes
#14
M C D Jaime, M Stocking, K Freire, L Perkinson, S Ciaravino, E Miller
'Coaching Boys into Men' is an evidence-based dating violence prevention program for coaches to implement with male athletes. A common adaptation of this program is delivery by domestic violence and sexual violence prevention advocates instead of coaches. We explored how this implementer adaptation may influence athlete uptake of program messages and outcomes. Randomly, one school received the program delivered by an advocate while another school received the program delivered by coaches. Athletes completed baseline and follow-up surveys (n = 148), and a subset who received the advocate-led program participated in focus groups (four groups; n = 26)...
December 2016: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923401/effectiveness-of-the-who-safe-childbirth-checklist-program-in-reducing-severe-maternal-fetal-and-newborn-harm-in-uttar-pradesh-india-study-protocol-for-a-matched-pair-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Katherine E A Semrau, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Bhala Kodkany, Jonathan M Spector, Danielle E Tuller, Gary King, Stuart Lipsitz, Narender Sharma, Vinay Pratap Singh, Bharath Kumar, Neelam Dhingra-Kumar, Rebecca Firestone, Vishwajeet Kumar, Atul A Gawande
BACKGROUND: Effective, scalable strategies to improve maternal, fetal, and newborn health and reduce preventable morbidity and mortality are urgently needed in low- and middle-income countries. Building on the successes of previous checklist-based programs, the World Health Organization (WHO) and partners led the development of the Safe Childbirth Checklist (SCC), a 28-item list of evidence-based practices linked with improved maternal and newborn outcomes. Pilot-testing of the Checklist in Southern India demonstrated dramatic improvements in adherence by health workers to essential childbirth-related practices (EBPs)...
December 7, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923322/international-medallists-and-non-medallists-developmental-sport-activities-a-matched-pairs-analysis
#16
Arne Güllich
The study examined developmental participation patterns of international top athletes. Pairs of 83 international medallists (including 38 Olympic/World Champions) and 83 non-medallists were matched by sport, age and gender. A questionnaire recorded their volume of organised (coach-led) practice/training in their respective main sport and in other sports through childhood, adolescence and adulthood, and also involvement in non-organised (peer-led) sport activity. Analyses revealed that the medallists started practice/training in their main sport at an older age than non-medallists and accumulated slightly, but significantly less main-sport practice/training through childhood/adolescence...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923185/profiling-perpetrators-of-interpersonal-violence-against-children-in-sport-based-on-a-victim-survey
#17
Tine Vertommen, Jarl Kampen, Nicolette Schipper-van Veldhoven, Kristien Wouters, Kasia Uzieblo, Filip Van Den Eede
The current article reports on perpetrator characteristics gathered in the first large-scale prevalence study on interpersonal violence against children in sport in the Netherlands and Belgium. Using retrospective web survey design, 4043 adults answered questions on their experiences in youth sport. The study looks at the number of perpetrators as well as individual descriptive characteristics (sex, age, and role in the sport organization) of perpetrators of psychological, physical and sexual violence as reported retrospectively by victim-respondents...
December 3, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920584/evaluation-management-and-prevention-of-lower-extremity-youth-ice-hockey-injuries
#18
REVIEW
Charles A Popkin, Brian M Schulz, Caroline N Park, Thomas S Bottiglieri, T Sean Lynch
Ice hockey is a fast-paced sport played by increasing numbers of children and adolescents in North America and around the world. Requiring a unique blend of skill, finesse, power and teamwork, ice hockey can become a lifelong recreational activity. Despite the rising popularity of the sport, there is ongoing concern about the high frequency of musculoskeletal injury associated with participation in ice hockey. Injury rates in ice hockey are among the highest in all competitive sports. Numerous research studies have been implemented to better understand the risks of injury...
2016: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920119/randomized-trial-to-reduce-emergency-visits-or-hospital-admissions-using-telephone-coaching-to-complex-patients
#19
María González-Ortega, Joan Gené-Badia, Belchin Kostov, Vicente García-Valdecasas, Carmen Pérez-Martín
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity remains a matter of international interest, given growing prevalence of chronic conditions. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact that adding a telephone coaching intervention by a family physician to usual care has on reducing resource consumption and improving health status, caregiver burden and quality of life among complex chronic patients (CCP) compared with usual care. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted on a random sample of CCP from three primary care teams in Barcelona...
December 5, 2016: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918881/a-preliminary-investigation-of-a-relapse-prevention-mobile-application-to-maintain-smoking-abstinence-among-individuals-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#20
Terrell A Hicks, Shaun P Thomas, Sarah M Wilson, Patrick S Calhoun, Eric R Kuhn, Jean C Beckham
OBJECTIVES: Smokers with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have increased difficulty achieving and maintaining abstinence. Contingency management approaches to smoking cessation interventions have demonstrated short-term efficacy, but are limited by high rates of relapse. The goal of this pilot study was to evaluate the usability and feasibility of a smartphone-based smoking cessation application (Stay Quit Coach) designed to prevent relapse among individuals with PTSD. METHODS: Smokers (N = 11) were randomized to 1) QUIT4EVER, an intervention combining mobile contingency management smoking cessation counseling and medications, and Stay Quit Coach or 2) a contact control condition that was identical to QUIT4EVER except Stay Quit Coach was not included...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
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