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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431376/trichobezoar-presenting-as-a-gastric-outlet-obstruction-a-case-report
#1
Eugene Nwankwo, Edward Daniele, Erin Woller, John Fitzwater, Thomas McGill, Steven E Brooks
INTRODUCTION: Rapunzel syndrome is a rare intestinal condition that starts with the ingestion of a trichobezoar. The condition is predominately found in females and can be associated with trichotillomania, or the compulsive urge to pull one's own hair out. There are less than 40 cases described in the literature with the prevention of recurrence aimed at psychological treatment. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The patient is a 7 year-old girl with a history of trichotillomania with trichophagia as a young child who presented with abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting, consistent with a gastric outlet obstruction...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431215/early-treatment-improves-urodynamic-prognosis-in-neurogenic-voiding-dysfunction-20-years-of-experience
#2
Lucia M Costa Monteiro, Glaura O Cruz, Juliana M Fontes, Eliane T R C Vieira, Eloá N Santos, Grace F Araújo, Eloane G Ramos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between early treatment and urodynamic improvement in pediatric and adolescent patients with neurogenic bladder. METHODOLOGY: Retrospective longitudinal and observational study (between 1990 and 2013) including patients with neurogenic bladder and myelomeningocele treated based on urodynamic results. The authors evaluated the urodynamic follow-up (bladder compliance and maximum bladder capacity and pressure) considering the first urodynamic improvement in two years as the outcome variable and early referral as the exposure variable, using a descriptive and multivariate analysis with logistic regression model...
April 18, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431183/efficacy-of-tiamulin-alone-or-in-combination-with-chlortetracycline-against-experimental-mycoplasma-gallisepticum-infection-in-chickens
#3
A Garmyn, M Vereecken, K Degussem, W Depondt, F Haesebrouck, A Martel
Mycoplasma gallisepticum (M. gallisepticum) remains one of the most important diseases in poultry production. Controlling the impact of the disease is done by eradication of positive breeder flocks or by vaccination and medication. A widely used molecule in medication programs is tiamulin, a pleuromutilin antibiotic. Since recent data on the in vivo efficacy of this molecule are scarce, 2 challenge studies were conducted using a recently isolated M. gallisepticum strain belonging to the wildtype population with regard to its tiamulin and tetracycline minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC)...
April 20, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431146/response-of-broiler-chickens-fed-wheat-based-diets-to-xylanase-supplementation
#4
G Gonzalez-Ortiz, D Sola-Oriol, M Martinez-Mora, J F Perez, M R Bedford
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of xylanase supplementation on performance, footpad score (FPS), nutrient digestibility, and intestinal morphometry in broiler chickens. Two-hundred-eighty-eight Ross 308 broiler chicks (one d old) were placed in one of 3 experimental treatments: positive control (PC), negative control (NC) (-150 kcal/kg), and XYL (NC supplemented with xylanase). Each treatment had 8 replicates with 12 animals each. Starter (zero to 21 d) and grower (21 to 42 d) diets, based on wheat and soy-bean meal, were available ad libitum...
April 18, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431099/effect-of-cold-water-induced-stress-on-immune-response-pathology-and-fertility-in-mice-during-chlamydia-muridarum-genital-infection
#5
Tesfaye Belay, Anthony Woart, Vincent Graffeo
Genital infection by Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) is the most common bacterial sexually-transmitted disease worldwide. It causes serious reproductive health complications, including pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility. Stress is implicated as a risk factor for various infections; however, its effect on chlamydia genital infection is unknown. We previously showed that repeated exposure of mice to cold water results in increased severity of chlamydia genital infection. In the present study, cold water-induced stress resulted in: i) elevated levels of NE and EP in the spleen and genital tract of stressed mice; ii) elevated IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-6 and NO production in macrophage-rich peritoneal cells of mice; iii) supplement of NE in vitro exerts an immunosuppressive effect on splenic T cell production of cytokines; iv) decreased C...
April 18, 2017: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431055/electrocardiographic-differentiation-of-idiopathic-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-ectopy-from-early-arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-cardiomyopathy
#6
Jan Novak, Alessandro Zorzi, Silvia Castelletti, Antonis Pantasis, Ilaria Rigato, Domenico Corrado, William Mckenna, Pier D Lambiase
Aims: The differentiation between idiopathic right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) arrhythmias and early arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) can be challenging. We aimed to assess whether QRS morphological features and coupling interval of ventricular ectopic beats (VEBs) can improve differentiation between the two conditions. Methods and Results: Twenty desmosomal-gene mutation carriers (13 females, mean age 43 years) with no or mild ARVC phenotypic expression and 33 age- and sex-matched subjects with idiopathic RVOT arrhythmias were studied...
April 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430960/triple-site-pacing-for-cardiac-resynchronization-in-permanent-atrial-fibrillation-follow-up-results-from-a-prospective-observational-study
#7
Pedro Marques, Miguel Nobre Menezes, Gustavo Lima da Silva, Tatiana Guimarães, Ana Bernardes, Nuno Cortez-Dias, Luis Carpinteiro, João de Sousa, Fausto J Pinto
Aims: Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT) is associated with a particularly high non-response rate in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). We aimed to assess the effectiveness of triple-site (Tri-V) pacing CRT in this population. Methods and results: Prospective observational study of patients with permanent AF who underwent CRT implantation with an additional right ventricle lead in the outflow tract septal wall. After implantation, programming mode (Tri-V or biventricular pacing) was selected based on cardiac output determination...
April 19, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430727/changing-referral-patterns-to-urogynecology
#8
Julia Geynisman-Tan, Oluwateniola Brown, Margaret Mueller, Alix Leader-Cramer, Bhumy Dave, Katarzyna Bochenska, Sarah Collins, Christina Lewicky-Gaupp, Kimberly Kenton
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to identify sources of and changes in referral patterns for pelvic floor disorders. METHODS: All new patient visits to urogynecology at our institution between January 2010 and December 2015 were identified. Patient demographics, referral source, insurance type, and visit diagnoses using ICD-9 codes were abstracted. ICD-9 codes were grouped into 18 urogynecologic diagnoses. Data were analyzed using SPSS (Version 20; Chicago, IL). RESULTS: Five thousand seven hundred ninety-nine new patient visits were included in the analysis...
April 20, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430726/vaginal-mesh-removal-outcomes-eight-years-of-experience-at-an-academic-hospital
#9
Olivia O Cardenas-Trowers, Pouran Malekzadeh, David E Nix, Kenneth D Hatch
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to describe the clinical history leading up to and the outcomes after vaginal mesh removal surgery at an academic hospital. METHODS: A retrospective case series of patients who underwent vaginal mesh removal from 2008 to 2015 was conducted. Demographics, clinical history, physical examination, pre- and postoperative symptoms, and number and type of reoperations were abstracted. RESULTS: Between February 2008 and November 2015, 83 patients underwent vaginal mesh removal surgery at our hospital...
April 20, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430705/disparities-in-female-breast-cancer-stage-at-diagnosis-in-new-jersey-a-spatial-temporal-analysis
#10
Lisa M Roche, Xiaoling Niu, Antoinette M Stroup, Kevin A Henry
BACKGROUND: Despite improvements in early detection of breast cancer, disparities persist in stage at diagnosis, which is an important prognostic factor. METHODS: We used the space-time scan statistic in SaTScan to identify geographic areas and time periods with significantly elevated proportions of female breast cancer diagnosed at the in situ or distant stage in New Jersey. The analyses were conducted with census tracts as the geographic unit of analysis, elliptical spatial windows, 3-year temporal windows, and Poisson models...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430618/t-2-mycotoxin-toxicological-effects-and-decontamination-strategies
#11
REVIEW
Manish Adhikari, Bhawana Negi, Neha Kaushik, Anupriya Adhikari, Abdulaziz A Al-Khedhairy, Nagendra Kumar Kaushik, Eun Ha Choi
Mycotoxins are highly diverse secondary metabolites produced in nature by a wide variety of fungus which causes food contamination, resulting in mycotoxicosis in animals and humans. In particular, trichothecenes mycotoxin produced by genus fusarium is agriculturally more important worldwide due to the potential health hazards they pose. It is mainly metabolized and eliminated after ingestion, yielding more than 20 metabolites with the hydroxy trichothecenes-2 toxin being the major metabolite. Trichothecene is hazardously intoxicating due to their additional potential to be topically absorbed, and their metabolites affect the gastrointestinal tract, skin, kidney, liver, and immune and hematopoietic progenitor cellular systems...
February 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430608/adrenalectomy-abolishes-hypergravity-induced-gastric-acid-hyposecretion
#12
Kiyong Na, Hyun-Soo Kim
Jet fighter pilots experience high gravitational acceleration forces in the cephalocaudal direction (+Gz), causing severe stress. Stress affects different physiological functions of the gastrointestinal tract. Although the effects of exposure to hypergravity on cardiovascular and cerebral functions have been the subject of numerous studies, crucial information regarding potential pathophysiological alterations following hypergravity exposure in the gastrointestinal tract is lacking. We recently documented a significant decrease in gastric secretory activity in rats after acute exposure to hypergravity...
February 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430414/dynamic-and-energetic-signatures-of-adenine-tracts-in-a-ra-dt-rna-dna-hybrid-and-in-homologous-rna-dna-rna-rna-and-dna-dna-double-helices
#13
Yuegao Huang, Irina M Russu
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and proton exchange are being used to characterize the opening reactions of individual base pairs in the RNA-DNA hybrid 5'-rGCGAUAAAAAGGCC-3'/5'-dGGCCTTTTTATCGC-3'. The hybrid contains a central tract of five rA-dT base pairs. The rates and the equilibrium constant of the opening reaction for each base pair are determined from the dependence of the exchange rates of imino protons on ammonia concentration, at 10°C. The results are compared to those previously obtained by our laboratory for three homologous duplexes of the same base sequence (except for the appropriate T/U substitution), containing tracts of dA-rU, rA-rU or dA-dT base pairs...
April 21, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430397/respiratory-virus-detection-during-hospitalisation-for-lower-respiratory-tract-infection-in-children-under-2-years-in-south-auckland-new-zealand
#14
Adrian A Trenholme, Emma J Best, Alison M Vogel, Joanna M Stewart, Charissa J Miller, Diana R Lennon
AIM: To describe respiratory virus detection in children under 2 years of age in a population admitted with lower respiratory infection and to assess correlation with measures of severity. METHODS: Nasopharyngeal aspirates from infants admitted with lower respiratory tract infection (n = 1645) over a 3-year time period were tested by polymerase chain reaction. We collected epidemiological and clinical data on all children. We assessed the correlation of presence of virus with length of hospital stay, intensive care admission and consolidation on chest X-ray...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430340/transurethral-contact-ureterolithotripsy-in-gas-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-2-medium
#15
Dmitry O Korolev, Peter V Glybochko, Leonid M Rapoport, Dmitry G Tsarichenko
BACKGROUND: Transurethral intracorporeal lithotripsy is the modality of choice for the endoscopic disintegration of large, long-standing, radiolucent or high-density stones. Despite several advantages and proven benefits of contact ureterolithotripsy/ureterolithoextraction (CULT), the application of irrigation carries significant risks of untoward perioperative events including retrograde stone migration and postoperative pyelonephritis. METHODS: We describe a new technique - endoscopic intracorporeal lithotripsy in the gas (СО2) medium...
April 14, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429671/ethanolamine-metabolism-in-the-mammalian-gastrointestinal-tract-mechanisms-patterns-and-importance
#16
J Zhou, X Xiong, K Wang, L Zou, D Lv, Y Yin
Nutritional exchanges and cooperation between bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract and the mammalian host play an important role in health and disease. Ethanolamine is an essential dietary lipid nutrient for animals and is abundant in both intestinal and bacterial cell membranes. Ethanolamine can be utilized by intestinal eukaryotic cells via the cytidine phosphoethanolamine pathway for de novo synthesis of phosphatidylethanolamine, and certain bacteria are able to catabolize it as a major carbon and/or nitrogen source with the help of ethanolamine utilization proteins...
March 31, 2017: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429513/distribution-and-hormonal-characterization-of-primary-murine-l-cells-throughout-the-gastrointestinal-tract
#17
Kazuyo Suzuki, Kanako Iwasaki, Yuki Murata, Norio Harada, Shunsuke Yamane, Akihiro Hamasaki, Kimitaka Shibue, Erina Joo, Akiko Sankoda, Yuta Fujiwara, Yoshitaka Hayashi, Nobuya Inagaki
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) secreted from enteroendocrine L-cells is an incretin that potentiates insulin secretion and is already applied in therapies for type 2 diabetes. However, detailed examination of L-cells throughout the gastrointestinal (GI) tract remains unclear, because of difficulties in purifying scattered L-cells from other cells. In the present study, we identified characteristics of L-cells of the upper small intestine (UI), the lower small intestine (LI) and the colon using glucagon (Gcg)-green fluorescent protein (GFP)-expressing mice that express GFP driven by the proglucagon promoter...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429448/white-matter-microstructure-variations-contribute-to-neurological-soft-signs-in-healthy-adults
#18
Dusan Hirjak, Philipp A Thomann, Robert C Wolf, Katharina M Kubera, Caspar Goch, Jan Hering, Klaus H Maier-Hein
OBJECTIVE: Neurological soft signs (NSS) are core features of psychiatric disorders with significant neurodevelopmental origin. However, it is unclear whether NSS correlates are associated with neuropathological processes underlying the disease or if they are confounded by medication. Given that NSS are also present in healthy persons (HP), investigating HP could reveal NSS correlates, which are not biased by disease-specific processes or drug treatment. Therefore, we used a combination of diffusion MRI analysis tools to provide a framework of specific white matter (WM) microstructure variations underlying NSS in HP...
April 21, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429407/spinal-cord-injury-induces-widespread-chronic-changes-in-cerebral-white-matter
#19
Tero Ilvesmäki, Eerika Koskinen, Antti Brander, Teemu Luoto, Juha Öhman, Hannu Eskola
Traumatic spinal cord injuries (SCIs) lead to axonal damage at the trauma site, as well as disconnections within the central nervous system. While the exact mechanisms of the long-term pathophysiological consequences of SCIs are not fully understood, it is known that neuronal damage and degeneration are not limited to the direct proximity of the trauma. Instead, the effects can be detected even in the cerebrum. We examined SCI-induced chronic brain changes with a case-control design using 32 patients and 70 control subjects...
April 21, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429355/lewy-pathological-study-on-%C3%AE-synuclein-in-gastrointestinal-tissues-of-prodromal-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Q-B Lu, Z-F Zhu, H-P Zhang, W-F Luo
OBJECTIVE: In the gastrointestinal neural system, the emergence of Lewy Body (LB) is usually earlier than the clinical diagnosis of Parkinson (PD) motor symptoms. Therefore, this study is aimed to explore whether the LB in the gastrointestinal tract of prodromal PD patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 98 paraffin embedded tissue specimens from 57 PD patients were collected in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University archives, as well as 98 tissue specimens of 90 non-PD patients undergone surgical resection...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
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