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dynein light chain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773130/identification-of-emu-tegp11-an-ef-hand-domain-containing-tegumental-protein-of-echinococcus-multilocularis
#1
Yadong Zheng, Xiaola Guo, Meng Su, Xiaoqian Chen, Xiaoliang Jin, Juntao Ding, Zhengrong Wang, Xinwen Bo, Mazhar Ayaz, Ivan Kutyrev, Wanzhong Jia, Xichen Zhang, Jing Zhang
Tegumental proteins (TegPs) are a group of proteins that coat on the surface of worms, mainly being involved in ion uptake and immune evasion. Echinococcus species have many TegPs, but none of them have been characterized and their role remains unclear. The genome-wide analysis revealed that there were at least 14 tegp genes (tegp1 - 14) in Echinococcus species, the majority of which were found to contain an EF-hand domain or a dynein light chain-like domain or both. Despite low identity, all TegP11 proteins from 25 flatworms were conserved in structure...
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762750/the-apoptosis-in-arsenic-induced-oxidative-stress-is-associated-with-autophagy-in-the-testis-tissues-of-chicken
#2
Y Z Shao, H J Zhao, Y Wang, J J Liu, J L Li, L Y Luo, M W Xing
The aim of this study is to investigate whether arsenic (As) could induce testicular poisoning and influence the oxidative stress, apoptosis and autophagy in chickens. Seventy-two 1-day-old male Hy-line chickens were divided into 4 groups which were exposed to 0, 0.625, 1.25, and 2.5 mg/kg body weight (BW) of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) for 30, 60 and 90 days, respectively. Histological and ultrastructural changes, antioxidant enzyme activity, mRNA and protein levels of apoptosis and autophagy-related genes were detected...
May 14, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742051/interaction-of-wdr60-intermediate-chain-with-tctex1d2-light-chain-of-the-dynein-2-complex-is-crucial-for-ciliary-protein-trafficking
#3
Yuki Hamada, Yuta Tsurumi, Shohei Nozaki, Yohei Katoh, Kazuhisa Nakayama
The dynein-2 complex mediates trafficking of ciliary proteins by powering the intraflagellar transport (IFT) machinery containing IFT-A and IFT-B complexes. Although 11 subunits are known to constitute the dynein-2 complex, with several light chain subunits shared by the dynein-1 complex, the overall architecture of the dynein-2 complex has not been fully clarified. Utilizing the visible immunoprecipitation assay, we demonstrated the interaction modes among the dynein-2 subunits, including previously undefined interactions, such as that between WDR60 and the TCTEX1D2-DYNLT1/DYNLT3 dimer...
May 9, 2018: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693725/tctex-1-a-novel-interaction-partner-of-kidney-injury-molecule-1-is-required-for-efferocytosis
#4
Ola Z Ismail, Saranga Sriranganathan, Xizhong Zhang, Joseph V Bonventre, Antonis S Zervos, Lakshman Gunaratnam
Kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) is a phosphatidylserine receptor that is specifically upregulated on proximal tubular epithelial cells (PTECs) during acute kidney injury and mitigates tissue damage by mediating efferocytosis (the phagocytic clearance of apoptotic cells). The signaling molecules that regulate efferocytosis in TECs are not well understood. Using a yeast two-hybrid screen, we identified the dynein light chain protein, Tctex-1, as a novel KIM-1-interacting protein. Immunoprecipitation and confocal imaging studies suggested that Tctex-1 associates with KIM-1 in cells at baseline, but, dissociates from KIM-1 within 90 min of initiation of efferocytosis...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679350/alleviation-mechanisms-of-selenium-on-cadmium-spiked-in-chicken-ovarian-tissue-perspectives-from-autophagy-and-energy-metabolism
#5
Shuang Wang, Zhe Xu, Hang Yin, Yahong Min, Shu Li
Cadmium (Cd) is a kind of toxic heavy metal and it can cause damage to organs and tissues. Selenium (Se) can antagonize some metal element toxicity including Cd. The present study was designed to investigate Cd-induced damage to chicken ovary by autophagy and the protective mechanism of Se on Cd-induced damage. Administration of Cd for 12 weeks led to energy metabolism disorder of the chicken ovarian tissues, which resulted in autophagy. In addition, the mRNA expression of glucose-related genes including hexokinase II (HK2), pyruvate kinase (PK), pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHX), and succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) and the activities of ATPase, including Na+ -K+ -ATPase, Ca2+ -ATPase, Mg2+ -ATPase, were all downregulated remarkably compared with the control...
April 21, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579703/backbone-amide-15-n-chemical-shift-tensors-report-on-hydrogen-bonding-interactions-in-proteins-a-magic-angle-spinning-nmr-study
#6
Sivakumar Paramasivam, Angela M Gronenborn, Tatyana Polenova
Chemical shift tensors (CSTs) are an exquisite probe of local geometric and electronic structure.15 N CST are very sensitive to hydrogen bonding, yet they have been reported for very few proteins to date. Here we present experimental results and statistical analysis of backbone amide15 N CSTs for 100 residues of four proteins, two E. coli thioredoxin reassemblies (1-73-(U-13 C,15 N)/74-108-(U-15 N) and 1-73-(U-15 N)/74-108-(U-13 C,15 N)), dynein light chain 8 LC8, and CAP-Gly domain of the mammalian dynactin...
March 15, 2018: Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535305/desmosomal-cadherin-association-with-tctex-1-and-cortactin-arp2-3-drives-perijunctional-actin-polymerization-to-promote-keratinocyte-delamination
#7
Oxana Nekrasova, Robert M Harmon, Joshua A Broussard, Jennifer L Koetsier, Lisa M Godsel, Gillian N Fitz, Margaret L Gardel, Kathleen J Green
The epidermis is a multi-layered epithelium that serves as a barrier against water loss and environmental insults. Its morphogenesis occurs through a tightly regulated program of biochemical and architectural changes during which basal cells commit to differentiate and move towards the skin's surface. Here, we reveal an unexpected role for the vertebrate cadherin desmoglein 1 (Dsg1) in remodeling the actin cytoskeleton to promote the transit of basal cells into the suprabasal layer through a process of delamination, one mechanism of epidermal stratification...
March 13, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529855/comparative-characterization-of-four-calcium-binding-ef-hand-proteins-from-opisthorchis-viverrini
#8
Palida Emmanoch, Nanthawat Kosa, Suksiri Vichasri-Grams, Smarn Tesana, Rudi Grams, Amornrat Geadkaew-Krenc
Four isoforms of calcium binding proteins containing 2 EF hand motifs and a dynein light chain-like domain in the human liver fluke Opisthorchis viverrini , namely OvCaBP1, 2, 3, and 4, were characterized. They had molecular weights of 22.7, 21.6, 23.7, and 22.5 kDa, respectively and showed 37.2-42.1% sequence identity to CaBP22.8 of O. viverrini . All were detected in 2- and 4-week-old immature and mature parasites. Additionally, OvCaBP4 was found in newly excysted juveniles. Polyclonal antibodies against each isoform were generated to detect the native proteins in parasite extracts by Western blot analysis...
February 2018: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515126/a-conserved-interaction-of-the-dynein-light-intermediate-chain-with-dynein-dynactin-effectors-necessary-for-processivity
#9
In-Gyun Lee, Mara A Olenick, Malgorzata Boczkowska, Clara Franzini-Armstrong, Erika L F Holzbaur, Roberto Dominguez
Cytoplasmic dynein is the major minus-end-directed microtubule-based motor in cells. Dynein processivity and cargo selectivity depend on cargo-specific effectors that, while generally unrelated, share the ability to interact with dynein and dynactin to form processive dynein-dynactin-effector complexes. How this is achieved is poorly understood. Here, we identify a conserved region of the dynein Light Intermediate Chain 1 (LIC1) that mediates interactions with unrelated dynein-dynactin effectors. Quantitative binding studies map these interactions to a conserved helix within LIC1 and to N-terminal fragments of Hook1, Hook3, BICD2, and Spindly...
March 7, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500373/structure-based-function-annotation-of-hypothetical-protein-mgg_01005-from-magnaporthe-oryzae-reveals-it-is-the-dynein-light-chain-orthologue-of-dynlt1-3
#10
Guorui Li, Jinguang Huang, Jun Yang, Dan He, Chao Wang, Xiaoxuan Qi, Ian A Taylor, Junfeng Liu, You-Liang Peng
Magnaporthe oryzae is a model fungal plant pathogen employed for studying plant-fungi interactions. Whole genome sequencing and bioinformatics analyses revealed that this fungal pathogen has more than 12,000 protein-coding genes with 65% of the genes remaining functionally un-annotated. Here, we determine the structure of the hypothetical protein, MGG_01005 and show that it is the Magnaporthe oryzae Dynein light chain Tctex-type 1 (dynlt1/3), demonstrated by its structural similarity to other orthologous dynlt1 proteins and its conserved interaction with the N-terminus of the Magnaporthe oryzae dynein intermediate chain, MoDyn1I2...
March 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453993/the-tegumental-allergen-like-proteins-of-schistosoma-mansoni-a-biochemical-study-of-smtal4-tal13
#11
Jack Carson, Charlotte M Thomas, Aaron McGinty, Gustavo Takata, David J Timson
Schistosoma mansoni, like other trematodes, expresses a number of unusual calcium binding proteins which consist of an EF-hand domain joined to a dynein light chain-like (DLC-like) domain by a flexible linker. These proteins have been implicated in host immune responses and drug binding. Three members of this protein family from S. mansoni (SmTAL1, SmTAL2 and SmTAL3) have been well characterised biochemically. Here we characterise the remaining family members from this species (SmTAL4-13). All of these proteins form homodimers and all except SmTAL5 bind to calcium and manganese ions...
April 2018: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274147/doc2b-acts-as-a-calcium-sensor-for-vesicle-priming-requiring-synaptotagmin-1-munc13-2-and-snares
#12
Sébastien Houy, Alexander J Groffen, Iwona Ziomkiewicz, Matthijs Verhage, Paulo S Pinheiro, Jakob Balslev Sørensen
Doc2B is a cytosolic protein with binding sites for Munc13 and Tctex-1 (dynein light chain), and two C2-domains that bind to phospholipids, Ca2+ and SNAREs. Whether Doc2B functions as a calcium sensor akin to synaptotagmins, or in other calcium-independent or calcium-dependent capacities is debated. We here show by mutation and overexpression that Doc2B plays distinct roles in two sequential priming steps in mouse adrenal chromaffin cells. Mutating Ca2+ -coordinating aspartates in the C2A-domain localizes Doc2B permanently at the plasma membrane, and renders an upstream priming step Ca2+ -independent, whereas a separate function in downstream priming depends on SNARE-binding, Ca2+ -binding to the C2B-domain of Doc2B, interaction with ubMunc13-2 and the presence of synaptotagmin-1...
December 23, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240760/novel-linear-motif-filtering-protocol-reveals-the-role-of-the-lc8-dynein-light-chain-in-the-hippo-pathway
#13
Gábor Erdős, Tamás Szaniszló, Mátyás Pajkos, Borbála Hajdu-Soltész, Bence Kiss, Gábor Pál, László Nyitray, Zsuzsanna Dosztányi
Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) formed between short linear motifs and globular domains play important roles in many regulatory and signaling processes but are highly underrepresented in current protein-protein interaction databases. These types of interactions are usually characterized by a specific binding motif that captures the key amino acids shared among the interaction partners. However, the computational proteome-level identification of interaction partners based on the known motif is hindered by the huge number of randomly occurring matches from which biologically relevant motif hits need to be extracted...
December 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235179/snp-g-1007a-g-within-the-porcine-dnal4-gene-affects-sperm-motility-traits-and-percentage-of-midpiece-abnormalities
#14
I Wiedemann, A Maehlmeyer, S Jansen, A R Sharifi, C Knorr
The flagellar beating of a spermatozoa's axoneme is caused by the varying activation and inactivation of dynein molecules. Dynein, axonemal, light chain 4 (DNAL4) is a functional candidate gene for sperm motility as it encodes a small subunit of the dyneins. We resequenced the porcine DNAL4 using three artificial insemination (AI) boars each with high (>68%) or low (<60%) motility, and detected 23 SNP. These were then genotyped for 82 AI boars. Using spermatological records, significantly negative genetic correlations between ejaculate volume (VOL) and the further spermatological parameters concentration (CONC) (r = -...
April 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113909/the-chaperone-dynein-ll1-mediates-cytoplasmic-transport-of-empty-and-mature-hepatitis-b-virus-capsids
#15
Quentin Osseman, Lara Gallucci, Shelly Au, Christian Cazenave, Elodie Berdance, Marie-Lise Blondot, Aurélia Cassany, Dominique Bégu, Jessica Ragues, Cindy Aknin, Irina Sominskaya, Andris Dishlers, Birgit Rabe, Fenja Anderson, Nelly Panté, Michael Kann
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) has a DNA genome but replicates within the nucleus by reverse transcription of an RNA pregenome, which is converted to DNA in cytoplasmic capsids. Capsids in this compartment are correlated with inflammation and epitopes of the capsid protein core (Cp) are a major target for T cell-mediated immune responses. We investigated the mechanism of cytoplasmic capsid transport, which is important for infection but also for cytosolic capsid removal...
March 2018: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097501/eb1-and-cytoplasmic-dynein-mediate-protrusion-dynamics-for-efficient-3-dimensional-cell-migration
#16
Hasini Jayatilaka, Anjil Giri, Michelle Karl, Ivie Aifuwa, Nicholaus J Trenton, Jude M Phillip, Shyam Khatau, Denis Wirtz
Microtubules have long been implicated to play an integral role in metastatic disease, for which a critical step is the local invasion of tumor cells into the 3-dimensional (3D) collagen-rich stromal matrix. Here we show that cell migration of human cancer cells uses the dynamic formation of highly branched protrusions that are composed of a microtubule core surrounded by cortical actin, a cytoskeletal organization that is absent in cells on 2-dimensional (2D) substrates. Microtubule plus-end tracking protein End-binding 1 and motor protein dynein subunits light intermediate chain 2 and heavy chain 1, which do not regulate 2D migration, critically modulate 3D migration by affecting RhoA and thus regulate protrusion branching through differential assembly dynamics of microtubules...
March 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094416/map6-interacts-with-tctex1-and-ca-v-2-2-n-type-calcium-channels-to-regulate-calcium-signalling-in-neurons
#17
Jacques Brocard, Fabrice Dufour, Sylvie Gory-Fauré, Christophe Arnoult, Christophe Bosc, Eric Denarier, Leticia Peris, Yasmina Saoudi, Michel De Waard, Annie Andrieux
MAP6 proteins were first described as microtubule-stabilizing agents, whose properties were thought to be essential for neuronal development and maintenance of complex neuronal networks. However, deletion of all MAP6 isoforms in MAP6 KO mice does not lead to dramatic morphological aberrations of the brain but rather to alterations in multiple neurotransmissions and severe behavioural impairments. A search for protein partners of MAP6 proteins identified Tctex1 - a dynein light chain with multiple non-microtubule-related functions...
December 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089450/mark3-mediated-phosphorylation-of-arhgef2-couples-microtubules-to-the-actin-cytoskeleton-to-establish-cell-polarity
#18
María-José Sandí, Christopher B Marshall, Marc Balan, Étienne Coyaud, Ming Zhou, Daniel M Monson, Noboru Ishiyama, Arun A Chandrakumar, José La Rose, Amber L Couzens, Anne-Claude Gingras, Brian Raught, Wei Xu, Mitsuhiko Ikura, Deborah K Morrison, Robert Rottapel
The PAR-1-MARK pathway controls cell polarity through the phosphorylation of microtubule-associated proteins. Rho-Rac guanine nucleotide exchange factor 2 (ARHGEF2), which activates Ras homolog family member A (RHOA), is anchored to the microtubule network and sequestered in an inhibited state through binding to dynein light chain Tctex-1 type 1 (DYNLT1). We showed in mammalian cells that liver kinase B1 (LKB1) activated the microtubule affinity-regulating kinase 3 (MARK3), which in turn phosphorylated ARHGEF2 at Ser(151) This modification disrupted the interaction between ARHGEF2 and DYNLT1 by generating a 14-3-3 binding site in ARHGEF2, thus causing ARHGEF2 to dissociate from microtubules...
October 31, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074578/dynein-and-eff-1-control-dendrite-morphology-by-regulating-the-localization-pattern-of-sax-7-in-epidermal-cells
#19
Ting Zhu, Xing Liang, Xiang-Ming Wang, Kang Shen
Our previous work showed that the cell adhesion molecule SAX-7 forms an elaborate pattern in Caenorhabditis elegans epidermal cells, which instructs PVD dendrite branching. However, the molecular mechanism forming the SAX-7 pattern in the epidermis is not fully understood. Here, we report that the dynein light intermediate chain DLI-1 and the fusogen EFF-1 are required in epidermal cells to pattern SAX-7. While previous reports suggest that these two molecules act cell-autonomously in the PVD, our results show that the disorganized PVD dendritic arbors in these mutants are due to the abnormal SAX-7 localization patterns in epidermal cells...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035754/regulation-of-autophagy-factors-by-oxidative-stress-and-cardiac-enzymes-imbalance-during-arsenic-or-and-copper-induced-cardiotoxicity-in-gallus-gallus
#20
Siwen Li, Hongjing Zhao, Yu Wang, Yizhi Shao, Bangyi Wang, Yulong Wang, Mingwei Xing
Basal autophagy has an indispensable role in the functioning and maintenance of cardiac geometry under physiological conditions. Recently, increasing evidence has demonstrated that arsenic (As)/copper (Cu) play important roles in the autophagy of the heart. The current study was to evaluate whether oxidative damage by As or/and Cu was correlated with autophagy through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway in the heart of birds. Arsenic trioxide (30mg/kg) or/and cupric sulfate (300mg/kg) were administered in a basal diet to male Hy-line chickens (one-day-old) for 12 weeks...
February 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
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