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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522280/primary-spinal-glioma-in-children-results-from-a-referral-pediatric-institution-in-shanghai
#1
J Khalil, Z Chuanying, Z Qing, Y Belkacémi, J Mawei
PURPOSE: Primary spinal cord glioma is a rare entity especially in children; accounting for less than 10% of all central nervous system tumors. Low grade is the most reported subtype. Treatment modalities have largely evolved; large improvements have been made in the surgical field but also in both of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Nevertheless, the optimal treatment is yet to be defined. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A chart review of 11 pediatric patients with a diagnosis of low grade spinal cord glioma at Xhinhua hospital in Shanghai was conducted...
May 15, 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520669/investigating-the-connection-between-traumatic-brain-injury-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-adolescents
#2
Tara Rhine, Amy Cassedy, Keith Owen Yeates, Hudson Gerry Taylor, Michael W Kirkwood, Shari L Wade
OBJECTIVE: To identify potentially modifiable individual and social-environmental correlates of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) among adolescents hospitalized for traumatic brain injury (TBI). SETTING: Four pediatric hospitals and 1 general hospital in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Children ages 11 to 18 years, hospitalized for moderate-severe TBI within the past 18 months. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional analysis...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516192/the-value-of-gesell-score-in-predicting-the-outcome-of-cochlear-implantation-in-children
#3
Yang Yang, Liu Haihong, Zheng Jun, Chen Min, Li Ying, Hao Jinsheng, Liu Wei, Zhang Jie, Ni Xin
The purpose is to determine the value of preoperative evaluation on developmental levels using Gesell score in predicting the postoperative outcome in pediatric cochlear implantation (CI) recipients. 78 children who underwent CI were included in our study. Age at the time of CI ranged from 6 to 67 months. The Gesell score including adaptability, fine motor, gross motor, language, and social skill was used for evaluating the patients' developmental levels before the CI, and a developmental quotient (DQ) was calculated by the following formula: (developmental age/actual age) × 100...
May 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511727/rejection-sensitivity-as-a-moderator-of-psychosocial-outcomes-following-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Emily A Meadows, Keith Owen Yeates, Kenneth H Rubin, H Gerry Taylor, Erin D Bigler, Maureen Dennis, Cynthia A Gerhardt, Kathryn Vannatta, Terry Stancin, Kristen R Hoskinson
OBJECTIVES: The current study examines whether psychosocial outcomes following pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) vary as a function of children's rejection sensitivity (RS), defined as their disposition to be hypersensitive to cues of rejection from peers. METHODS: Children ages 8-13 with a history of severe TBI (STBI, n=16), complicated mild/moderate TBI (n=35), or orthopedic injury (OI, n=49) completed measures assessing self-esteem and RS on average 3.28 years post-injury (SD=1...
May 17, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508255/psychosocial-patient-reported-outcomes-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-diabetes-a-review-and-case-example
#5
REVIEW
Sarah D Corathers, Constance A Mara, Pavan K Chundi, Jessica C Kichler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to define psychosocial patient-reported outcomes (PROs) relevant to pediatric and adolescent diabetes populations. Potential domains for PROs include a spectrum of emotional, behavioral, social, physical, overall health, and/or care management areas. A literature review of potential PRO measures, selection criteria, and implementation strategies including a case example will be presented. RECENT FINDINGS: Among the pediatric, adolescent, and emerging adult populations, research indicates a relative higher risk for distress, depression, anxiety, and eating disorders as compared to peers without diabetes...
July 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505355/uncovering-the-neuroanatomical-correlates-of-cognitive-affective-and-conative-theory-of-mind-in-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-a-neural-systems-perspective
#6
Nicholas P Ryan, Cathy Catroppa, Richard Beare, Timothy J Silk, Stephen J Hearps, Miriam H Beauchamp, Keith Owen Yeates, Vicki A Anderson
Deficits in Theory of Mind (ToM) are common after neurological insult acquired in the first and second decade of life, however the contribution of large-scale neural networks to ToM deficits in children with brain injury is unclear. Using pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) as a model, this study investigated the sub-acute effect of brain injury on gray-matter volume of three large-scale, domain-general brain networks (the Default Mode Network, DMN; the Central Executive Network, CEN; and the Salience Network, SN), as well as two domain-specific neural networks implicated in social-affective processes (the Cerebro-Cerebellar Mentalizing Network, CCMN, and the Mirror Neuron/Empathy Network, MNEN)...
May 15, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503460/relationship-between-mobility-and-self-care-activity-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#7
Kyeongwon Kim, Jin Young Kang, Dae-Hyun Jang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors influencing the development of self-care activity, and the association between mobility and self-care activity in children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: A total of 63 CP children aged ≥4 years, were studied retrospectively. Children with severe intellectual disability or behavioral problems were excluded. The relationship between the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), the Manual Ability Classification System (MACS), and the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) was analyzed...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502606/provider-perspectives-regarding-resuscitation-decisions-for-neonates-and-other-vulnerable-patients
#8
Amélie Dupont-Thibodeau, Jade Hindié, Claude Julie Bourque, Annie Janvier
OBJECTIVES: To use structured surveys to assess the perspectives of pediatric residents and neonatal nurses on resuscitation decisions for vulnerable patients, including neonates. STUDY DESIGN: Pediatric providers were surveyed using scenarios for 6 critically ill patients of different ages with outcomes explicitly described. Providers were asked (1) whether resuscitation was in each patient's best interest; (2) whether they would accept families' wishes for comfort care (no resuscitation); and (3) to rank patients in order of priority for resuscitation...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502224/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-paediatric-tuberculosis-an-insight-review
#9
Nityananda Mandal, Parveen Kumar Anand, Subhash Gautam, Shritam Das, Tahziba Hussain
Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health problem, invading all age groups world-wide. It is an opportunistic infection affecting the individuals alone or with co-infections. Childhood TB is a neglected aspect and a significant health problem in epidemic areas. It constitutes more than 20% of TB incidence. Pediatric TB exists in the shadow of adult TB. The clinicians concentrate on pulmonary manifestation of TB, whereas it is a major problem in both pulmonary and extra-pulmonary infections. The rate of infection with this disease is mostly associated with poverty, social disruption and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection...
August 2017: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498034/assessment-of-resident-physicians-communicator-and-collaborator-competencies-by-interprofessional-clinicians-a-mixed-methods-study
#10
Lyn K Sonnenberg, Lesley Pritchard-Wiart, Carol S Hodgson, YongQiang Yu, Sharla King
Phenomenon: As we move toward competency-based medical education, greater emphasis is being placed on assessing a more comprehensive skill set, including the ability to communicate and collaborate effectively in the workplace. Nonphysician members on interprofessional (IP) teams have valuable perspectives on actual resident performance and are often not adequately engaged in the provision of feedback to residents. Based on the educational theories of collaborative evaluation and social constructivism, this research examined the ability of IP clinicians to provide feedback to residents...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492205/the-identification-and-grading-of-the-psychosocial-impact-of-tinea-capitis-in-primary-school-children-in-a-semi-urban-area-of-rivers-state-nigeria
#11
Agnes E Fienemika, Chukwuma U Okeafor
INTRODUCTION: Tinea capitis is a fungal skin disease, which is not life-threatening but could affect the psychosocial life of those suffering from it. Thus, this study sought to identify and grade the psychosocial impact related to Tinea capitis in primary school children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving primary school children in Emohua Local Government Area of Rivers State. These children had been clinically diagnosed with Tinea capitis...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486413/hospitalizations-in-pediatric-and-adult-patients-for-all-cancer-type-in-italy-the-epikit-study-under-the-e-u-coheirs-project-on-environment-and-health
#12
Prisco Piscitelli, Immacolata Marino, Andrea Falco, Matteo Rivezzi, Roberto Romano, Restituta Mazzella, Cosimo Neglia, Giulia Della Rosa, Giuseppe Pellerano, Giuseppe Militerno, Adriana Bonifacino, Gaetano Rivezzi, Roberto Romizi, Giuseppe Miserotti, Maurizio Montella, Fabrizio Bianchi, Alessandra Marinelli, Antonella De Donno, Giovanni De Filippis, Giuseppe Serravezza, Gianluca Di Tanna, Dennis Black, Valerio Gennaro, Mario Ascolese, Alessandro Distante, Ernesto Burgio, Massimo Crespi, Annamaria Colao
Background: Cancer Registries (CRs) remain the gold standard for providing official epidemiological estimations. However, due to CRs' partial population coverage, hospitalization records might represent a valuable tool to provide additional information on cancer occurrence and expenditures at national/regional level for research purposes. The Epidemiology of Cancer in Italy (EPIKIT) study group has been built up, within the framework of the Civic Observers for Health and Environment: Initiative of Responsibility and Sustainability (COHEIRS) project under the auspices of the Europe for Citizens Program, to assess population health indicators...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486031/use-of-telehealth-in-pediatric-palliative-care
#13
Billie Winegard, Elissa G Miller, Nicholas B Slamon
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric subspecialty care, including multidisciplinary palliative care, tends to be located in urban academic centers or children's hospitals. Telehealth provides the opportunity to care for patients who would otherwise not be able to access services. We present cases wherein telehealth was used to provide counseling services to patients who would not have been able to receive this service. METHODS: We discuss cases of telehealth use for patient and family counseling in the setting of palliative care and bereavement follow-up...
May 9, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486020/assessing-parent-perceptions-of-physical-activity-in-families-of-toddlers-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-the-parent-perceptions-of-physical-activity-scale-pppas
#14
Kimberley Lakes, Maryam M Abdullah, Julie Youssef, Joseph Donnelly, Candice Taylor-Lucas, Wendy A Goldberg, Dan Cooper, Shlomit Aizik
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine a new tool (PPPAS: Parent Perceptions of Physical Activity Scale-Preschool) developed to study parental perceptions of physical activity (PA) among parents of toddler and preschool age children. METHOD: 143 children (mean age 31.65 months; 75% male) and their parents were recruited from a neurodevelopmental clinic. Parents completed questionnaires, and both a psychologist and a physician evaluated the children. 83% of the children received a diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder; 20% of the children had a BMI > 85(th) percentile...
May 9, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482273/neighborhood-disorder-and-glycemic-control-in-late-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#15
Tara L Queen, Katherine J W Baucom, Ashley C Baker, Daniel Mello, Cynthia A Berg, Deborah J Wiebe
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the contribution of neighborhood characteristics to treatment adherence and glycemic control in late adolescents with Type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: As part of a larger study, 220 late adolescents with Type 1 diabetes (aged 17.8 ± 0.4 years, 59.6% female, diabetes duration 7.3 ± 3.9 years) were recruited from outpatient pediatric clinics during their senior year of high school. Adolescents completed self-report measures of adherence behaviors and subjective social status, and their HbA1c values were collected during a lab assessment...
June 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481160/single-center-experience-providing-palliative-care-to-pediatric-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#16
Patricia Keefer, Katie Lehmann, Maureen Shanley, Tara Woloszyk, Erin Khang, Kera Luckritz, D'Anna Saul
BACKGROUND: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) affects nearly 1400 new children each year in the United States. Morbidity and mortality rates remain high for pediatric patients with ESRD, including those that have received a renal transplant. OBJECTIVE: To better understand ESRD patients referred to palliative care, including their physical symptoms, topics discussed, and themes emerging during initial palliative care consultation. DESIGN/SUBJECTS: This study is a retrospective chart review of pediatric ESRD patients who received a palliative care consult...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477050/revealing-the-prevalence-and-consequences-of-food-insecurity-in-children-with-epilepsy
#17
Jennifer A O'Malley, Bethany M Klett, Melissa D Klein, Nicole Inman, Andrew F Beck
Food insecurity (FI) affects more than one in five American children and is increasingly addressed during pediatric primary care. Its relevance during subspecialty care, including in the treatment of chronic conditions like epilepsy, is largely unknown. This study sought to determine the FI prevalence among children with epilepsy and examine the relationship between FI and healthcare utilization, health-related quality-of-life (HR-QOL), and medication side effect control. This was a retrospective cohort study using electronic health record data from children, aged 2-17 years, seen for epilepsy management at an academic pediatric hospital...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476461/adding-social-determinant-data-changes-children-s-hospitals-readmissions-performance
#18
Marion R Sills, Matthew Hall, Gretchen J Cutler, Jeffrey D Colvin, Laura M Gottlieb, Michelle L Macy, Jessica L Bettenhausen, Rustin B Morse, Evan S Fieldston, Jean L Raphael, Katherine A Auger, Samir S Shah
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether social determinants of health (SDH) risk adjustment changes hospital-level performance on the 30-day Pediatric All-Condition Readmission (PACR) measure and improves fit and accuracy of discharge-level models. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all hospital discharges meeting criteria for the PACR from 47 hospitals in the Pediatric Health Information database from January to December 2014. We built four nested regression models by sequentially adding risk adjustment factors as follows: chronic condition indicators (CCIs); PACR patient factors (age and sex); electronic health record-derived SDH (race, ethnicity, payer), and zip code-linked SDH (families below poverty level, vacant housing units, adults without a high school diploma, single-parent households, median household income, unemployment rate)...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475726/development-and-pilot-testing-of-a-condition-specific-instrument-to-assess-the-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-born-with-esophageal-atresia
#19
M Dellenmark-Blom, K Abrahamsson, J H Quitmann, R Sommer, S Witt, J Dingemann, S Flieder, L Jönsson, V Gatzinsky, M Bullinger, B M Ure, C Dingemann, J E Chaplin
The survival rate of children with esophageal atresia has today reached 95%. However, children are at risk of chronic morbidity related to esophageal and respiratory dysfunction, and associated anomalies. This study describes the pilot testing of a condition-specific health-related quality-of-life instrument for children with esophageal atresia in Sweden and Germany, using a patient-derived development approach consistent with international guidelines. Following a literature review, standardized focus groups were conducted with 30 Swedish families of children with esophageal atresia aged 2-17 years...
July 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473474/unpasteurized-shared-human-milk-use-in-pediatric-inpatients-health-and-ethical-implications
#20
Kimberly H Barbas, Karen Sussman-Karten, Daniel Kamin, Susanna Y Huh
Growing evidence supporting the health benefits of human milk, particularly in the preterm population, has led to rising demand for donor human milk in NICUs and pediatric hospitals. There are no previous reports describing the use of unpasteurized shared human milk (USHM) in the hospital setting, but the use of USHM solicited from community donors through social networks appears to be common. Many pediatric hospitals permit inpatients to receive breast milk that has been screened and pasteurized by a human milk banking organization and will provide pasteurized donor human milk (PDHM) only to infants who are preterm or have specific medical conditions...
May 4, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
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