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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905679/care-management-for-foreign-children-adolescents-young-adults-with-cancer-and-their-families
#1
Jérémie Gaudichon, Sandra Toscani, Sarah Cohen-Gogo, Juliette Saulpic, Aurore Surun, Oya Sakiroglu, François Doz, Jean Michon, Daniel Orbach
BACKGROUND: Little is known about care management for foreign patients in pediatric oncology in European centers. We aimed to describe care given to children, adolescents, and young adults who came to France for cancer treatment, and to determine whether their geographical origin had an influence on decision making. PROCEDURE: We conducted a monocentric retrospective study on all foreign patients aged 0-25 years and hospitalized for at least one night in Institut Curie (Paris, France) from 2009 to 2013...
December 1, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901627/effects-of-pediatric-asthma-care-coordination-in-underserved-communities-on-parent-perceptions-of-care-and-asthma-management-confidence
#2
Mary R Janevic, Alan P Baptist, Tyra Bryant-Stephens, Marielena Lara, Victoria Persky, Gilberto Ramos-Valencia, Kimberly Uyeda, Rebecca Hazan, Ashley Garrity, Floyd J Malveaux
OBJECTIVE: Disparities by race and socioeconomic status persist in pediatric asthma morbidity, mortality, and treatment. Improving parent/provider communication and parents' asthma-management confidence may result in better asthma control in vulnerable populations. The Merck Childhood Asthma Network, Inc. funded an initiative to implement medical-social care coordination to improve asthma outcomes at sites in four low-income, urban communities (Los Angeles, CA; Philadelphia, PA; Chicago, IL; and San Juan, PR...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901408/four-steps-to-eliminate-or-reduce-pain-in-children-caused-by-needles-part-1
#3
Stefan J Friedrichsdorf
Dr Stefan Friedrichsdorf* speaks to Jade Parker, Commissioning Editor: Stefan J Friedrichsdorf, MD, is medical director of the Department of Pain Medicine, Palliative Care and Integrative Medicine at Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota, Minneapolis/St Paul, MN, USA, home to one of the largest and most comprehensive programs of its kind in the country. The interdisciplinary pain team is devoted to prevent and treat acute, procedural, neuropathic, psycho-social-spiritual, visceral, and chronic/complex pain for all inpatients and outpatients in close collaboration with all pediatric subspecialties at Children's Minnesota...
November 30, 2016: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894912/hearing-thresholds-at-high-frequency-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-systematic-review
#4
Debora T M Caumo, Lúcia B Geyer, Adriana R Teixeira, Sérgio S M Barreto
INTRODUCTION: High-frequency audiometry may contribute to the early detection of hearing loss caused by ototoxic medications. Many ototoxic drugs are widely used in the treatment of patients with cystic fibrosis. Early detection of hearing loss should allow known harmful drugs to be identified before the damage affects speech frequencies. The damage caused by ototoxicity is irreversible, resulting in important social and psychological consequences. In children, hearing loss, even when restricted to high frequencies, can affect the development of language...
November 9, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890781/promoting-early-brain-and-child-development-perceived-barriers-and-the-utilization-of-resources-to-address-them
#5
Andrew S Garner, Amy Storfer-Isser, Moira Szilagyi, Ruth E K Stein, Cori M Green, Bonnie D Kerker, Karen G O'Connor, Kimberly E Hoagwood, Sarah McCue Horwitz
OBJECTIVE: Efforts to promote early brain and child development (EBCD) include initiatives to support healthy parent-child relationships, tools to identify family social-emotional risk factors, and referrals to community programs to address family risk factors. We sought to examine if pediatricians perceive barriers to implementing these activities, and if they utilize resources to address those barriers. METHOD: Data were analyzed from 304 non-trainee pediatricians who practice general pediatrics and completed a 2013 American Academy of Pediatrics Periodic Survey...
November 24, 2016: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890604/gender-dimorphism-in-pediatric-osa-is-it-for-real
#6
REVIEW
Pablo E Brockmann, Dorit Koren, Leila Kheirandish-Gozal, David Gozal
In epidemiologic studies focused on adults, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has higher prevalence in men than in women. The evidence supporting a gender-related discrepant prevalence of OSA is however much more tenuous in children. Here, we aimed to review the evidence concerning gender- based differences in the prevalence of OSA in children, and if so, to examine the evidence with the intent to identify potential factors that may account for this putative association. Gender-based perception and reporting of clinical manifestations of OSA may be modulated by several social and cultural factors in children...
November 23, 2016: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889691/development-of-a-culturally-competent-service-to-improve-academic-functioning-for-latino-survivors-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-methodological-considerations
#7
Laura Bava, Alexis Johns, David R Freyer, Kathleen Ruccione
Many survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) develop neurocognitive deficits that compromise academic functioning, especially in the presence of sociodemographic risk factors. The extent to which these risk factors coexist for Latino ALL survivors is not well described, but with shifts in U.S. demographics and improved survival in ALL, culturally competent interventions are needed. The Achieving Best Cognitive Successes after Cancer service was designed and implemented by a team representing nursing, medicine, psychology, and social work...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887911/does-perception-of-catheterization-limit-its-use-in-pediatric-uti
#8
Rachel E Selekman, Melissa T Sanford, Lauren N Ko, I Elaine Allen, Hillary L Copp
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) affect 3-8% of febrile children annually, but correctly diagnosing UTI in young children can present a challenge. Diagnosis requires a non-contaminated urine sample, which requires catheterization or suprapubic aspiration in infants and young children that have not completed toilet training. To improve adherence to these guidelines, it is critical to understand the barriers to urine testing and catheterization. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate parental perception of pediatric UTI evaluation to better understand factors that impede urine testing prior to treatment of suspected UTI...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879631/specialized-rehabilitation-programs-for-children-and-adolescents-with-severe-disabling-chronic-pain-indications-treatment-and-outcomes
#9
REVIEW
Lorin Stahlschmidt, Boris Zernikow, Julia Wager
Children and adolescents with highly disabling chronic pain of high intensity and frequency are admitted to specialized pain rehabilitation programs. Some barriers to obtaining this specialized care include a lack of availability of treatment centers, a perceived social stigma and individual barriers such as socioeconomic status. Specialized rehabilitation programs for severe disabling chronic pain worldwide have similarities regarding admission criteria, structure and therapeutic orientation. They differ, however, regarding their exclusion criteria and program descriptions...
November 21, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875025/adherence-and-barriers-to-hyperinsufflation-in-children-with-congenital-muscular-dystrophy
#10
John E Pascoe, Hemant Sawnani, Oscar H Mayer, Keith McConnell, Joseph M McDonough, Cynthia White, Anne M Rutkowski, Raouf S Amin, Avani C Modi
BACKGROUND: Congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) is a rare, inherited neuromuscular disease characterized by progressive muscle weakness, thoracic insufficiency, and ultimately respiratory failure. Adherence to respiratory therapies in children with neuromuscular disorders is unknown. This study examined the multimodal assessment of adherence and barriers to 15 min, twice daily hyperinsufflation in children with CMD. Adherence was hypothesized to be greater than 50% and discomfort, embarrassment, and difficulty finding time were hypothesized to be barriers...
November 22, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869409/communication-skills-of-residents-to-families-with-down-syndrome-babies
#11
Derya G Dogan, Yesim Kutluturk, Meltem Kivilcim, Sinem K Canaloglu
BACKGROUND: Generally, pediatricians are the first health caregivers to deliver initial diagnosis of Down syndrome (DS) to the families. However, most of the parents are not satisfied with the contents and how they receive information when their child is born with DS. Pediatric residents should target educational interventions to help parents to overcome with these issues and to provide accurate information. The objective is to assess comfort levels and training requirements of pediatric residents to communicate with parents of babies born with Down syndrome...
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866918/-children-and-adolescents-anxiety-disorders
#12
H Denis, A Baghdadli
Anxiety disorders were long underestimated in children by healthcare professionals, but they are now better diagnosed. They account for the most frequent psychiatric diagnosis between 6 and 18 years of age, with differences in prevalence or risk factors related to the clinical forms. Different clinical subtypes of anxiety disorders are detailed in this article: separation anxiety, specific phobia, generalized anxiety, social anxiety, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress syndrome, and obsessional-compulsive disorder...
November 17, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865579/impact-of-childhood-psoriasis-on-parents-of-affected-children
#13
Megha M Tollefson, Dawn M Finnie, Jennifer J Schoch, David T Eton
BACKGROUND: Childhood diseases, such as atopic dermatitis, have a negative impact on quality of life (QoL) of parents. How pediatric psoriasis affects a parent's QoL is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of childhood psoriasis on the lives of the parents. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 31 parents of children with psoriasis. Narrative data were analyzed and a conceptual framework of the effects of childhood psoriasis on parents was developed...
November 16, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865339/development-and-mental-health-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-or-transgender-youth-in-pediatric-practice
#14
REVIEW
Stewart L Adelson, Oliver M Stroeh, Yiu Kee Warren Ng
Assessing, monitoring, and supporting children and adolescents' mental health are integral parts of comprehensive pediatric primary care. These are especially relevant for LGBT youth, who frequently experience unique stressors, often including having an identity different from family and peer expectations, whether to reveal it, and stigma like peer bullying, family rejection, social intolerance, and self nonacceptance. Pediatricians should know key mental health practice principles for LGBT youth, how to adapt these to various pediatric settings, the continuum of mental health interventions, and their local resources...
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861879/neural-correlates-of-explicit-and-implicit-emotion-processing-in-relation-to-treatment-response-in-pediatric-anxiety
#15
Katie L Burkhouse, Autumn Kujawa, Heide Klumpp, Kate D Fitzgerald, Christopher S Monk, K Luan Phan
BACKGROUND: Approximately 40%-45% of youth with anxiety disorders do not achieve remission (or a substantial reduction in symptoms) following treatment, highlighting the need to identify predictors of treatment response. Given the well-established link between attentional biases and anxiety disorders in youth and adults, this study examined the neural correlates of directing attention toward and away from emotional faces in relation to pediatric anxiety treatment response. METHOD: Prior to beginning treatment with the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) sertraline or cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), 37 youth (age 7-19 years) with generalized and/or social anxiety disorder completed a task with conditions that manipulated whether participants were instructed to match emotional faces (explicit emotion processing) or match shapes in the context of emotional face distractors (implicit emotion processing) during functional magnetic resonance imaging...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858529/who-s-responsible-media-framing-of-pediatric-environmental-health-and-mothers-perceptions-of-accountability
#16
Susan Mello, Andy S L Tan
How the media frames issues of environmental health may affect mothers' views of who is responsible for addressing environmental risks to pediatric health and, ultimately, their protective behaviors. This article describes how information-oriented media sources attribute responsibility for such risks and examines associations between mothers' routine media exposure, or scanning, and perceptions of responsibility. First, a content analysis was conducted on a sample of 474 media stories (i.e., Associated Press, parenting magazines, and websites) about childhood exposure to environmental chemicals over a 6-month period (September 2012-February 2013)...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850056/416-social-media-for-dissemination-of-pediatric-critical-care-content-a-hashtag-analysis
#17
Sean Barnes, Carley Riley, Sapna Kudchadkar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846827/nurses-perceptions-acceptance-and-use-of-a-novel-in-room-pediatric-icu-technology-testing-an-expanded-technology-acceptance-model
#18
Richard J Holden, Onur Asan, Erica M Wozniak, Kathryn E Flynn, Matthew C Scanlon
BACKGROUND: The value of health information technology (IT) ultimately depends on end users accepting and appropriately using it for patient care. This study examined pediatric intensive care unit nurses' perceptions, acceptance, and use of a novel health IT, the Large Customizable Interactive Monitor. METHODS: An expanded technology acceptance model was tested by applying stepwise linear regression to data from a standardized survey of 167 nurses. RESULTS: Nurses reported low-moderate ratings of the novel IT's ease of use and low to very low ratings of usefulness, social influence, and training...
November 15, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843253/acidogenic-potential-of-plain-milk-milk-with-sugar-milk-with-cornflakes-and-milk-cornflakes-with-sugar-a-comparative-study
#19
REVIEW
Sham S Bhat, Sundeep K Hegde, Vidya S Bhat, K M Ramya, Praveen S Jodalli
AIM: To compare the acidogenic potential of plain milk, milk with sugar, milk with cornflakes, and milk cornflakes with sugar by assessing the salivary pH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out on 40 school children of 8 to 12 years; 20 boys and 20 girls were randomly selected. The salivary pH was assessed before and after the consumption of milk; milk and sugar; milk and cornflakes; and milk, sugar, and cornflakes. Baseline unstimulated saliva was collected in sterile plastic tube and the pH was recorded...
July 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843003/-social-participation-after-childhood-craniopharyngioma
#20
C Olivari-Philiponnet, F Roumenoff, M Schneider, C Chantran, M Picot, P Berlier, C Mottolese, J-C Bernard, C Vuillerot
: Craniopharyngioma is a rare, benign central nervous system tumor, which may be a source of multiple complications, from endocrinology to vision, neurology and neurocognitive functions. This morbidity can lead to reduced participation in life activities, as described in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health. The primary objective of this study was to measure participation in life activities in a population of children and young adults affected by childhood craniopharyngioma, using the LIFE-H questionnaire (Assessment of Life Habits), validated as a social participation measurement tool in various pediatric disabilities...
November 10, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
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