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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684650/the-social-network-of-international-health-aid
#1
Lu Han, Mathias Koenig-Archibugi, Tore Opsahl
International development assistance for health generates an emergent social network in which policy makers in recipient countries are connected to numerous bilateral and multilateral aid agencies and to other aid recipients. Ties in this global network are channels for the transmission of knowledge, norms and influence in addition to material resources, and policy makers in centrally situated governments receive information faster and are exposed to a more diverse range of sources and perspectives. Since diversity of perspectives improves problem-solving capacity, the structural position of aid-receiving governments in the health aid network can affect the health outcomes that those governments are able to attain...
April 7, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684128/understanding-australian-policies-on-public-health-using-social-and-political-science-theories-reflections-from-an-academy-of-the-social-sciences-in-australia-workshop
#2
Fran Baum, Adam Graycar, Toni Delany-Crowe, Evelyne de Leeuw, Carol Bacchi, Jennie Popay, Lionel Orchard, Hal Colebatch, Sharon Friel, Colin MacDougall, Elizabeth Harris, Angela Lawless, Dennis McDermott, Matthew Fisher, Patrick Harris, Clare Phillips, Jane Fitzgerald
There is strong, and growing, evidence documenting health inequities across the world. However, most governments do not prioritize policies to encourage action on the social determinants of health and health equity. Furthermore, despite evidence concerning the benefits of joined-up, intersectoral policy to promote health and health equity, it is rare for such policy approaches to be applied systematically. To examine the usefulness of political and social science theory in understanding the reasons for this disjuncture between evidence and practice, researchers and public servants gathered in Adelaide for an Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia (ASSA) Workshop...
April 19, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683911/acog-committee-opinion-no-736-optimizing-postpartum-care
#3
(no author information available yet)
The weeks following birth are a critical period for a woman and her infant, setting the stage for long-term health and well-being. To optimize the health of women and infants, postpartum care should become an ongoing process, rather than a single encounter, with services and support tailored to each woman's individual needs. It is recommended that all women have contact with their obstetrician-gynecologists or other obstetric care providers within the first 3 weeks postpartum. This initial assessment should be followed up with ongoing care as needed, concluding with a comprehensive postpartum visit no later than 12 weeks after birth...
May 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683906/acog-committee-opinion-no-736-summary-optimizing-postpartum-care
#4
(no author information available yet)
The weeks following birth are a critical period for a woman and her infant, setting the stage for long-term health and well-being. To optimize the health of women and infants, postpartum care should become an ongoing process, rather than a single encounter, with services and support tailored to each woman's individual needs. It is recommended that all women have contact with their obstetrician-gynecologists or other obstetric care providers within the first 3 weeks postpartum. This initial assessment should be followed up with ongoing care as needed, concluding with a comprehensive postpartum visit no later than 12 weeks after birth...
May 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683801/social-economic-and-policy-implications-of-organ-preservation-advances
#5
Alyssa Ward, David K Klassen, Kate M Franz, Sebastian Giwa, Jedediah K Lewis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite over 60 years of progress in the field of since the first organ transplant, insufficient organ preservation capabilities still place profound constraints on transplantation. These constraints play multiple and compounding roles in the predominant limitations of the field: the severe shortages of transplant organs, short-term and long-term posttransplant outcomes and complications, the unmet global need for development of transplant infrastructures, and economic burdens that limit patient access to transplantation and contribute to increasing global healthcare costs...
April 21, 2018: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683784/resilience-among-older-caregivers-in-rural-namibia-the-role-of-financial-status-social-support-and-health
#6
Eveline Ndii Kalomo, Kyoung Hag Lee, Elizabeth Lightfoot, Rachel Freeman
BACKGROUND: Namibia has one of the highest human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence rates and one of the highest rates of orphanhood in the world, and older caregivers provide much of the care to Namibians living with HIV and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) (UNAIDS, 2014). In this study, the authors explore how financial status, social support, and health were related to the resilience of caregivers caring for people affected by HIV and AIDS in rural northern Namibia, Africa...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683232/predictors-of-success-and-quality-of-life-in-people-with-borderline-intelligence-the-special-school-label-personal-and-social-resources
#7
Grzegorz Szumski, Anna Firkowska-Mankiewicz, Izabela Lebuda, Maciej Karwowski
BACKGROUND: This longitudinal study examines the extent to which personal factors (intelligence and health status), social resources (family socioeconomic status, SES), special school placement and being labelled as a pupil with a disability in childhood predict subjective quality of life and objective life success 23 years later. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 49 individuals with borderline intellectual functioning (BIF), 21 of whom attended special schools and were labelled as having special educational needs; the remaining 28 attended regular schools and were not labelled in this way...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683135/designing-a-socio-normative-intervention-to-reduce-anemia-in-odisha-india-a-formative-research-protocol
#8
Erica Sedlander, Rajiv N Rimal, Sameera A Talegawkar, Hagere Yilma, Wolfgang Munar
Background: More than half of women of reproductive age in India are anemic. Anemia is associated with increased risk of preterm delivery, higher maternal mortality and contributes to fatigue, which affects women's work productivity. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends daily oral iron and folic acid (IFA) supplements during pregnancy and weekly supplements for women of reproductive age. Government programs and global donors have distributed and promoted IFA supplements in India for over four decades...
March 20, 2018: Gates open research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680265/making-a-difference-applying-vitellone-s-social-science-of-the-syringe-to-performance-and-image-enhancing-drug-injecting
#9
Aaron Hart
Vitellone's Social Science of the Syringe investigates epistemologies of injecting drug use. She argues for a methodology that can be simultaneously sensitive to biopolitical power regimes; the trajectories of social stratification; and the resistance, creativity and dignity of human agency. She proposes a methodological focus on the syringe-in-use as an active participant in these dynamics. Harm reduction policy and service provision frameworks have paid little attention to the phenomena of performance and image enhancing drug (PIEDs) injection...
April 18, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679403/nature-and-scope-of-certified-nurse-midwifery-practice-in-one-large-state-in-the-united-states
#10
Marie Hastings-Tolsma, Sarah Wilcox Foster, Mary C Brucker, Priscilla Nodine, Rebecca Burpo, Barbara Camune, Jackie Griggs, Tiffany J Callahan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the nature and scope of nurse-midwifery practice in Texas and to determine legislative priorities and practice barriers. BACKGROUND: Across the globe, midwives are the largest group of maternity care providers despite little known about midwifery practice. With a looming shortage of midwives, there is a pressing need to understand midwives' work environment and scope of practice. DESIGN: Mixed methods research utilizing prospective descriptive survey and interview...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678973/involving-the-public-in-epidemiological-public-health-research-a-qualitative-study-of-public-and-stakeholder-involvement-in-evaluation-of-a-population-wide-natural-policy-experiment
#11
Rachel Anderson de Cuevas, Lotta Nylén, Bo Burström, Margaret Whitehead
BACKGROUND: Public involvement in research is considered good practice by European funders; however, evidence of its research impact is sparse, particularly in relation to large-scale epidemiological research. OBJECTIVES: To explore what difference public and stakeholder involvement made to the interpretation of findings from an evaluation of a natural policy experiment to influence the wider social determinants of health: 'Flexicurity'. SETTING: Stockholm County, Sweden...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678156/development-and-validation-of-pozqol-a-scale-to-assess-quality-of-life-of-plhiv
#12
Graham Brown, Gosia Mikołajczak, Anthony Lyons, Jennifer Power, Fraser Drummond, Aaron Cogle, Brent Allan, Craig Cooper, Simon O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Advances in medical treatment for HIV are driving major changes in HIV policy and practice, including the encouragement of intake and adherence to HIV antiretroviral treatment (ART) by people living with HIV (PLHIV) for both personal and public health benefits. However, there is increasing recognition that achieving these goals will require a concurrent focus on the broader psychological and social wellbeing of PLHIV. Increasingly calls are being been made to incorporate a stronger focus on quality of life (QoL) of PLHIV into HIV prevention policy...
April 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678123/binge-drinking-among-young-adults-in-israel-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#13
Maayan Lawental, Anna Kipnis, Khary Rigg
Binge drinking is common among young people, and is an area of concern in many countries worldwide. Israel has seen a steady increase in binge drinking behaviors in recent years among youth and young adults. Using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) as a guiding theoretical framework, this study examines whether attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control and intention to engage in binge drinking are correlated with individual participation in binge drinking among young adults aged 18-35 in Israel...
April 20, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677265/addressing-social-determinants-to-improve-patient-care-and-promote-health-equity-an-american-college-of-physicians-position-paper
#14
Hilary Daniel, Sue S Bornstein, Gregory C Kane
Social determinants of health are nonmedical factors that can affect a person's overall health and health outcomes. Where a person is born and the social conditions they are born into can affect their risk factors for premature death and their life expectancy. In this position paper, the American College of Physicians acknowledges the role of social determinants in health, examines the complexities associated with them, and offers recommendations on better integration of social determinants into the health care system while highlighting the need to address systemic issues hindering health equity...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677100/from-community-to-meta-community-mental-health-care
#15
REVIEW
Nick Bouras, George Ikkos, Thomas Craig
Since the 1960s, we have witnessed the development and growth of community mental health care that continues to dominate mental health policy and practice. Several high-income countries have implemented community mental health care programmes but for many others, including mostly low- and middle-income countries, it remains an aspiration. Although community mental health care has been positive for many service users, it has also had severe shortcomings. Expectations that it would lead to fuller social integration have not been fulfilled and many service users remain secluded in sheltered or custodial environments with limited social contacts and no prospect of work...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676630/international-approach-to-environmental-and-lung-health-a-perspective-from-the-fogarty-international-center
#16
Roger I Glass, Joshua P Rosenthal
The global burden of lung disease is substantial, accounting for an estimated 7.5 million deaths per year, approximately 14% of annual deaths worldwide. The prime illnesses include, in descending order, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, tuberculosis, acute respiratory infections, asthma, and interstitial lung fibrosis. Key risk factors include smoking, both indoor and outdoor air pollution, and occupational exposures. Although the distribution of both the diseases and the risk factors varies greatly by age, geography, and setting, the greatest burden falls on populations living in low- and middle-income countries...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675908/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-iciq-padprom-a-quality-of-life-questionnaire-to-assess-the-treatment-effect-of-absorbent-continence-products
#17
Charlotte Yearwood Martin, Catherine Murphy, Nikki Cotterill, Sarah Williams, Alan Cottenden, Mandy Fader
AIM: To describe the development and evaluation of the ICIQ-PadPROM, the first self-reported quality of life questionnaire to assess the treatment effect of absorbent continence products, a new addition to the set of ICIQ modules providing international standardized assessment of lower pelvic dysfunction. METHODS: Developed in four phases, question items semi-structured interviews were conducted with pad using men (n = 19), women (n = 6), with secondary analysis undertaken on transcripts (n = 15 women) from a previous study...
April 20, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675415/practical-and-ethical-aspects-of-advance-research-directives-for-research-on-healthy-aging-german-and-israeli-professionals-perspectives
#18
Perla Werner, Silke Schicktanz
Background: Healthy aging is the development and maintenance of optimal cognitive, social and physical well-being, and function in older adults. Preventing or minimizing disease is one of the main ways of achieving healthy aging. Dementia is one of the most prevalent and life-changing diseases of old age. Thus, dementia prevention research is defined as one of the main priorities worldwide. However, conducting research with persons who lack the capacity to give consent is a major ethical issue...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674369/do-conceptualisations-of-health-differ-across-social-strata-a-concept-mapping-study-among-lay-people
#19
Karien Stronks, Nancy Hoeymans, Beatrijs Haverkamp, Frank R J den Hertog, Marja J H van Bon-Martens, Henrike Galenkamp, Marcel Verweij, Hans A M van Oers
OBJECTIVES: The legitimacy of policies that aim at tackling socioeconomic inequalities in health can be challenged if they do not reflect the conceptualisations of health that are valued in all strata. Therefore, this study analyses how different socioeconomic groups formulate their own answers regarding: what does health mean to you? DESIGN: Concept mapping procedures were performed in three groups that differ in educational level. All procedures followed exactly the same design...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674222/anti-smoking-policy-in-russia-relevant-factors-and-program-planning
#20
Tatiana Kossova, Elena Kossova, Maria Sheluntcova
In this paper, we consider anti-smoking policy in Russia and the socioeconomic factors that influence an individual's decision to smoke. Among various factors, we investigate the individual time preferences of Russians. To estimate individual time preferences, we use an experiment in which survey respondents are given hypothetical money prizes. We find that being middle-aged, being unmarried and having parents who smoke are positively correlated with both men and women's likelihood of taking up smoking in Russia...
April 10, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
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