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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043248/health-by-design-interweaving-health-promotion-into-environments-and-settings
#1
Andrew E Springer, Alexandra E Evans, Jaquelin Ortuño, Deborah Salvo, Maria Teresa Varela Arévalo
The important influence of the environmental context on health and health behavior-which includes place, settings, and the multiple environments within place and settings-has directed health promotion planners from a focus solely on changing individuals, toward a focus on harnessing and changing context for individual and community health promotion. Health promotion planning frameworks such as Intervention Mapping provide helpful guidance in addressing various facets of the environmental context in health intervention design, including the environmental factors that influence a given health condition or behavior, environmental agents that can influence a population's health, and environmental change methods...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041820/applying-the-icf-linking-rules-to-compare-population-based-data-from-different-sources-an-exemplary-analysis-of-tools-used-to-collect-information-on-disability
#2
Lenildo de Moura, Wederson Rufino Dos Santos, Shamyr Sulyvan de Castro, Elizabeth Ito, Danilo Campos da Luz E Silva, Renata Tiene de Carvalho Yokota, Zohra Abaakouk, Heleno Rodrigues Corrêa Filho, Marco Antonio Gomes Pérez, Carolina Saskia Fellinghauer, Carla Sabariego
BACKGROUND: Data on disability are regularly collected by different institutions or ministries using specific tools for different purposes, for instance to estimate the prevalence of disability or eligibility of specific populations for social benefits. The interoperability of disability data collected in countries is essential for policy making and to monitor the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The first objective of this paper is to map and compare tools that collect data on disability for different purposes, more specifically the Brazilian National Health Survey and the Brazilian Functioning Index to the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Bank Model Disability Survey (MDS), currently recommended as a standard tool for disability measurement...
October 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040895/economic-analysis-of-prenatal-screening-strategies-for-down-syndrome-in-singleton-pregnancies-in-turkey
#3
Zeynep Güldem Ökem, Gökçen Örgül, Berna Tari Kasnakoglu, Mehmet Çakar, M Sinan Beksaç
OBJECTIVES: To examine the costs and outcomes of different screening strategies for Down Syndrome (DS) in singleton pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: A decision-analytic model was developed to compare the costs and the outcomes of different prenatal screening strategies. Five strategies were compared for women under 35-year of age: 1A) triple test (TT), 2A); combined test (CT), 3A) Non-invasive Prenatal Screening Test by using cell free fetal DNA (NIPT), 4A) and 5A) NIPT as a second-step screening for high-risk patients detected by either TT, or CT respectively...
October 5, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040841/-caught-with-a-body-yet-protected-by-law-calling-911-for-opioid-overdose-in-the-context-of-the-good-samaritan-law
#4
Amanda D Latimore, Rachel S Bergstein
BACKGROUND: To address soaring opioid overdose fatality rates, 41U.S. states have passed Good Samaritan Laws (GSLs) extending legal immunity to overdose bystanders who call for emergency assistance. This study, conducted during the period that followed implementation of a GSL, aimed to characterize current factors determining the decision to call for emergency medical help (911) at the scene of an overdose with specific attention to exploring the role of the GSL as one such factor in decision-making...
October 14, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040545/ethnicity-and-place-the-geography-of-diabetes-inequalities-under-a-strong-welfare-state
#5
Elias Nosrati, Anne Karen Jenum, Anh Thi Tran, Sir Michael Marmot, Lawrence Peter King
Background: The Nordic 'health paradox' designates the seemingly puzzling empirical reality in which, despite the presence of strong welfare policies targeting structural inequalities, distinct health disparities persist in Scandinavian societies. In Norway, previous research has shown that inequalities in diabetes prevalence are particularly salient, notably between ethnic groups. These have often been attributed to lifestyle, socioeconomic factors, or genetics. No previous research has sought to investigate the sociospatial mediation of diabetes inequities...
October 10, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039705/research-on-web-search-behavior-how-online-query-data-inform-social-psychology
#6
Kaisheng Lai, Yan Xin Lee, Hao Chen, Rongjun Yu
The widespread use of web searches in daily life has allowed researchers to study people's online social and psychological behavior. Using web search data has advantages in terms of data objectivity, ecological validity, temporal resolution, and unique application value. This review integrates existing studies on web search data that have explored topics including sexual behavior, suicidal behavior, mental health, social prejudice, social inequality, public responses to policies, and other psychosocial issues...
October 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039264/-football-is-a-boys-game-children-s-perceptions-about-barriers-for-physical-activity-during-recess-time
#7
Maria Martínez-Andrés, Raquel Bartolomé-Gutiérrez, Beatriz Rodríguez-Martín, Maria Jesus Pardo-Guijarro, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno
The aim of the study was to know the factors that influence boys and girls' perceptions for performing physical activity during playground recess from their own perspective. Ninety-eight schoolchildren aged 8-11 years from five schools from Cuenca (Spain) participated in 22 focus groups and carried out 98 drawings following the socioecological model as a theoretical framework. A content analysis of the transcripts from the focus groups and drawings was carried out by three researchers. Results showed that, in spite of boys and girls identified same barriers, there were gender differences in their perceptions...
2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038703/mental-challenges-of-nurses-in-the-face-of-unlearning-situations-in-hospitals-a-qualitative-study
#8
Abbas Heydari, Kokab Basiri Moghaddam, Zahra Sadat Manzari, Behrooz Mahram
BACKGROUND: The unlearning process is complex and sometimes painful in nature. This process usually occurs in social interactions and is very dependent on social contexts and the work environment. OBJECTIVE: To explore the concerns and mental challenges in facing unlearning situations in nurses. METHODS: This qualitative study using content analysis was conducted in 2013-2015. Participants were 25 people, and research environment was hospitals in Mashhad and Gonabad...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038693/bio-psycho-social-factors-affecting-sexual-self-concept-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Robabeh Potki, Tayebe Ziaei, Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Zohreh Shahhosseini
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, it is believed that mental and emotional aspects of sexual well-being are the important aspects of sexual health. Sexual self-concept is a major component of sexual health and the core of sexuality. It is defined as the cognitive perspective concerning the sexual aspects of 'self' and refers to the individual's self-perception as a sexual creature. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the different factors affecting sexual self-concept...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038687/mental-health-status-of-north-korean-refugees-in-south-korea-and-risk-and-protective-factors-a-10-year-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
Yeeun Lee, Minji Lee, Subin Park
Background: North Korean refugees (NKRs) are often exposed to traumatic events in North Korea and during their defection. Furthermore, they face sociocultural barriers in adapting to the new society to which they have defected. Objective: To integrate previous findings on this mentally vulnerable population, we systematically reviewed articles on the mental health of NKRs in South Korea. Method: We searched for empirical studies conducted in the last 10 years in six online databases (international journals: Embase, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science; Korean journals: DBPIA, KMbase) through June 2017...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037575/using-best-worst-scaling-to-rank-factors-affecting-vaccination-demand-in-northern-nigeria
#11
Sachiko Ozawa, Chizoba Wonodi, Olufemi Babalola, Tukur Ismail, John Bridges
BACKGROUND: Understanding and ranking the reasons for low vaccination uptake among parents in northern Nigeria is critical to implement effective policies to save lives and prevent illnesses. This study applies best-worst scaling (BWS) to rank various factors affecting parents' demand for routine childhood immunization. METHODS: We conducted a household survey in Nahuche, Zamfara State in northern Nigeria. Nearly two hundred parents with children under age five were asked about their views on 16 factors using a BWS technique...
October 13, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037485/a-tale-of-two-pregnancies-a-critical-interpretive-synthesis-of-women-s-perceptions-about-delayed-initiation-of-antenatal-care
#12
REVIEW
Rosalind Haddrill
BACKGROUND: Delayed access to antenatal care in high income countries is associated with poor maternal, fetal and neonatal outcomes. The aim was to synthesise the diverse body of evidence around women's views of early antenatal care and barriers to attendance in such countries. Critical Interpretive Synthesis integrates the process of systematic review with the qualitative methods of meta-ethnography and grounded theory, with a focus on theory generation to inform policy, practice and future research...
October 13, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037305/putting-urban-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-food-insecurity-on-the-agenda
#13
Leigh Bramwell, Wendy Foley, Tanya Shaw
Food insecurity adversely affects diet quality, physical, mental and social wellbeing and the capacity to act on health advice recommended by primary healthcare providers. In this article, an overview of the neglected issue of food insecurity in urban Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities is provided. Policy and action on food security for urban Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people is reviewed, and it is argued that for primary health care to better address food insecurity, an evidence base is needed to understand the experiences of individuals and households and how to work effectively to support food insecure clients...
October 17, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037182/ideas-actors-and-institutions-lessons-from-south-australian-health-in-all-policies-on-what-encourages-other-sectors-involvement
#14
Fran Baum, Toni Delany-Crowe, Colin MacDougall, Angela Lawless, Helen van Eyk, Carmel Williams
BACKGROUND: This paper examines the extent to which actors from sectors other than health engaged with the South Australian Health in All Policies (HiAP) initiative, determines why they were prepared to do so and explains the mechanisms by which successful engagement happened. This examination applies theories of policy development and implementation. METHODS: The paper draws on a five year study of the implementation of HiAP comprising document analysis, a log of key events, detailed interviews with 64 policy actors and two surveys of public servants...
October 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036885/fairness-and-eligibility-to-long-term-care-an-analysis-of-the-factors-driving-inequality-and-inequity-in-the-use-of-home-care-for-older-europeans
#15
Stefania Ilinca, Ricardo Rodrigues, Andrea E Schmidt
In contrast with the case of health care, distributional fairness of long-term care (LTC) services in Europe has received limited attention. Given the increased relevance of LTC in the social policy agenda it is timely to evaluate the evidence on inequality and horizontal inequity by socio-economic status (SES) in the use of LTC and to identify the socio-economic factors that drive them. We address both aspects and reflect on the sensitivity of inequity estimates to adopting different definitions of legitimate drivers of care need...
October 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036661/the-impact-of-the-brazilian-family-health-strategy-and-the-conditional-cash-transfer-on-tuberculosis-treatment-outcomes-in-rio-de-janeiro-an-individual-level-analysis-of-secondary-data
#16
Betina Durovni, Valeria Saraceni, Mariana Soares Puppin, Wagner Tassinari, Oswaldo G Cruz, Solange Cavalcante, Claudia Medina Coeli, Anete Trajman
Background: Unsuccessful tuberculosis outcomes are frequent; bold policies are needed to end the tuberculosis (TB) epidemic to attain the third Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) by 2030. We examined the effect of the Family Health Strategy (FHS) and its interactions with the conditional cash transfer programme (CTP) on TB outcomes in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Methods: We performed individual-based analyses of a database resulting from deterministic and probabilistic linkages of the TB information system, FHS registries and CTP payrolls...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036311/do-work-and-family-care-histories-predict-health-in-older-women
#17
Rebecca Benson, Karen Glaser, Laurie M Corna, Loretta G Platts, Giorgio Di Gessa, Diana Worts, Debora Price, Peggy McDonough, Amanda Sacker
Background: Social and policy changes in the last several decades have increased women's options for combining paid work with family care. We explored whether specific combinations of work and family care over the lifecourse are associated with variations in women's later life health. Methods: We used sequence analysis to group women in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing according to their work histories and fertility. Using logistic regression, we tested for group differences in later life disability, depressive symptomology and mortality, while controlling for childhood health and socioeconomic position and a range of adult socio-economic circumstances and health behaviours...
September 23, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035610/critical-assessment-of-health-disparities-across-subpopulation-groups-through-a-social-determinants-of-health-perspective-the-case-of-type-2-diabetes-patients
#18
Yong-Mi Kim, Dursun Delen
BACKGROUND: Studies on diabetes have shown that population subgroups have varying rates of medical events and related procedures; however, existing studies have investigated either medical events or procedures, and hence, it is unknown whether disparities exist between medical events and procedures. PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to investigate how diabetes-related medical events and procedures are different across population subgroups through a social determinants of health (SDH) perspective...
October 16, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035155/effects-of-social-and-spatial-contexts-on-young-latinas-methamphetamine-use-initiation
#19
Ann M Cheney, Christine N Newkirk, Vhuhwavho M Nekhavhambe, Matthew Baron Rotondi, Alison Hamilton
In this article, we examine methamphetamine (meth) use initiation as influenced by Latinas' social positions within institutions (e.g., family and economy). We conducted ethnographic fieldwork in five women's residential substance use treatment facilities in Los Angeles County with women who considered meth to be their primary drug of choice. Using an urban ethnographic framing, we demonstrate the effects of low-income young Latinas' spatial- and social-context rendered vulnerability to abuse and neglect, and the resulting emotional distress, on meth use initiation...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034796/no-funeral-bells-public-reason-in-a-post-truth-age
#20
Sheila Jasanoff, Hilton R Simmet
The label 'post-truth' signals for many a troubling turn away from principles of enlightened government. The word 'post', moreover, implies a past when things were radically different and whose loss should be universally mourned. In this paper, we argue that this framing of 'post-truth' is flawed because it is ahistorical and ignores the co-production of knowledge and norms in political contexts. Debates about public facts are necessarily debates about social meanings, rooted in realities that are subjectively experienced as all-encompassing and complete, even when they are partial and contingent...
October 2017: Social Studies of Science
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