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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103456/health-inequalities-in-diabetes-mellitus-and-hypertension-a-parish-level-study-in-the-northern-region-of-portugal
#1
Teresa Leao, Julian Perelman, Manuela Felício, Vasco Machado, Graça Lima
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes and hypertension are highly prevalent conditions in Portugal. Little is known about the geographical and social patterning of these diseases, which precludes the design of targeted health policies. This study aimed to measure the geographical and socioeconomic distribution of type 2 diabetes and hypertension prevalence in the population resident in the Northern region of Portugal, for the year 2013. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An ecological correlation study analyzed the 2,028 parishes of the region...
October 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101730/concepts-for-studying-urban-environmental-justice
#2
REVIEW
Jason Corburn
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper offers research frameworks for understanding and acting to address urban environmental justice. Urban neighborhoods tend to concentrate and colocate vulnerable people and toxic environments. Cities are also where the poor and people of color tend to be disproportionately exposed to environmental hazards, such as air pollution, lead in paint and water, and polluting industries. RECENT FINDINGS: Researchers and government agencies are increasingly recognizing the need to document cumulative exposures that the urban poor and people of color experience in addition to environmental hazards...
January 18, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100221/psychosocial-work-factors-and-social-inequalities-in-psychological-distress-a-population-based-study
#3
Caroline S Duchaine, Ruth Ndjaboué, Manon Levesque, Michel Vézina, Xavier Trudel, Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet, Clermont E Dionne, Benoît Mâsse, Neil Pearce, Chantal Brisson
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems (MHP) are the leading cause of disability worldwide. The inverse association between socioeconomic position (SEP) and MHP has been well documented. There is prospective evidence that factors from the work environment, including adverse psychosocial work factors, could contribute to the development of MHP including psychological distress. However, the contribution of psychosocial work factors to social inequalities in MHP remains unclear. This study evaluates the contribution of psychosocial work factors from two highly supported models, the Demand-Control-Support (DCS) and the Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) models to SEP inequalities of psychological distress in men and women from a population-based sample of Quebec workers...
January 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100098/analyzing-further-predictors-of-correctional-officer-professional-orientations
#4
Frank Valentino Ferdik, Phillip Hills
Four professional orientations to which correctional officers can ascribe have been identified in extant literature, and they include the counseling roles, concern for corruption of authority, social distance, and punitive ideologies. Studies have generally found officer demographics and correctional working conditions to be significant predictors of these orientations. No study to date, however, has examined the predictive influence of officer voluntary resignation intentions. Linear regression equations using questionnaire data from a statewide population of maximum security correctional officers ( N = 649) were therefore estimated to explore whether officer desires to terminate their employment accounted for variance in their self-reported orientations...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100067/race-based-experiences-of-ethnic-minority-health-professionals-arab-physicians-and-nurses-in-israeli-public-healthcare-organizations
#5
Yael Keshet, Ariela Popper-Giveon
: Increasing workforce diversity was found to contribute to the narrowing of disparities in health. However, racism toward ethnic minority health professionals has not been adequately researched. In Israel, public healthcare organizations that serve a mixed Jewish-Arab population employ Arab minority healthcare professionals. Instances of prejudice and manifestations of racism toward them, which frequently surface in public discussion and the media, have unfortunately gained little scholarly attention...
January 19, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099666/access-to-medicines-in-brazil-based-on-monetary-and-non-monetary-acquisition-data-obtained-from-the-2008-2009-household-budget-survey
#6
Fernanda Caroline Silva Goes, Mauricio Homem-de-Mello, Eloisa Dutra Caldas
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the access to medicines by Brazilian families by monetary and non-monetary acquisition data. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study based on data obtained from the 2008/2009 Brazilian Household Budget Survey. The units of assessment were households that participated in the survey and the data on the acquisition of medicines over the 30 days prior to the interviews. The medicines were classified according to the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical classification system...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099475/development-of-a-patient-centred-psychosocial-support-intervention-for-multi-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-mdr-tb-care-in-nepal
#7
Sudeepa Khanal, Helen Elsey, Rebecca King, Sushil C Baral, Bharat Raj Bhatta, James N Newell
Multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) poses a major threat to public health worldwide, particularly in low-income countries. The current long (20 month) and arduous treatment regime uses powerful drugs with side-effects that include mental ill-health. It has a high loss-to-follow-up (25%) and higher case fatality and lower cure-rates than those with drug sensitive tuberculosis (TB). While some national TB programmes provide small financial allowances to patients, other aspects of psychosocial ill-health, including iatrogenic ones, are not routinely assessed or addressed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099125/meningococcal-acwy-vaccine-uptake-and-awareness-among-student-freshers-enrolled-at-northern-ireland-universities
#8
Peter J A Moore, B Cherie Millar, John E Moore
A new MenACWY conjugate meningococcal vaccination programme was introduced in Northern Ireland (NI) in August 2015, for 13-18 year olds, as well as for first-time university entrants up to 25 years. This reflected the response made by Public Health England, due to the recent rapid increase of meningococcal group W (MenW) disease and on advice of the UK Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI). The aims of this study were to evaluate (i) the uptake of the MenACWY vaccine among first-time university students, (ii) vaccine and meningitis awareness, (iii) optimal communication modalities via a multidisciplinary team (MDT) model and (iv) current international vaccination policies relating to non-UK students...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098133/-the-need-of-a-new-integral-approach-to-the-care-of-patient-with-severe-mental-disorder-thirty-years-after-the-psychiatric-reform
#9
Agustín Madoz-Gúrpide, Juan Carlos Ballesteros Martín, Mónica Leira Sanmartín, Ernesto García Yagüe
More than thirty years have passed since the beginning of the psychiatric reform, a period of intense and relevant social, scientific and cultural changes which have directly impacted on mental disorders and their management. Improvement in psychopharmacological treatment, a new model of physician-patient relationship, patient´s empowerment as a key issue and the fight against social stigma related to mental health disorders, changes in clinical governance and health policy, the assistential burden derived from the treatment of less severe pathology in mental health community centers, improvements in teamwork and coordination with other resources involved… are some of the relevant changes which determine the scene of community-based mental health assistance...
January 18, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097406/the-uk-experience-of-promoting-dementia-recognition-and-management-in-primary-care
#10
Steve Iliffe, Jane Wilcock
BACKGROUND: The early and timely recognition of dementia syndrome is a policy imperative in many countries. In the UK the achievement of earlier and timelier recognition has been pursued through educational interventions, incentivisation of general practitioners and the promotion of a network of memory clinics. OBJECTIVE: The effectiveness of education, incentivisation and memory clinic activity are unknown. This article analyses data from different sources to evaluate the impact of these interventions on the incidence and prevalence of dementia, and the diagnostic performance of memory clinics...
January 17, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096854/social-network-analysis-of-iranian-researchers-on-medical-parasitology-a-41-year-co-authorship-survey
#11
Farahnaz Sadoughi, Ali Valinejadi, Mansoureh Serati Shirazi, Rouhallah Khademi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to survey the Iranian Parasitology researchers' performance, and analyse and visualize the scientific outputs of their co-authorship network. METHODS: This study was conducted using scientometric method and social network analysis (SNA). The data extracted from the Web of Science (WoS) databases in July 10th 2014. Totally, 1048 documents of all types in research area of Parasitology during 1972-2013 by Iranian researches retrieved...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095811/an-integrated-recovery-oriented-model-irm-for-mental-health-services-evolution-and-challenges
#12
Barry G Frost, Srinivasan Tirupati, Suzanne Johnston, Megan Turrell, Terry J Lewin, Ketrina A Sly, Agatha M Conrad
BACKGROUND: Over past decades, improvements in longer-term clinical and personal outcomes for individuals experiencing serious mental illness (SMI) have been moderate, although recovery has clearly been shown to be possible. Recovery experiences are inherently personal, and recovery can be complex and non-linear; however, there are a broad range of potential recovery contexts and contributors, both non-professional and professional. Ongoing refinement of recovery-oriented models for mental health (MH) services needs to be fostered...
January 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095211/social-networking-in-an-agricultural-research-center-using-data-to-enhance-outcomes
#13
Mary E Cramer, Ozgur M Araz, Mary J Wendl
The purpose of this article is to present a case study of one Midwestern Agricultural Center that used social network analysis (SNA) to 1) evaluate its collaborations with extramural stakeholders and 2) strategically plan for extending outreach for goal achievement. An evaluation team developed a data collection instrument based on SNA principles. It was administered to the Agricultural Center's intramural stakeholders (N = 9), who were asked to identify the key extramural stakeholders with whom they had collaborated within the previous 12 months...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095117/parents-asthma-information-needs-and-preferences-for-school-based-asthma-support
#14
Noha Abdullah Al Aloola, Lisa Nissen, Huda Abdullaziz Alewairdhi, Nawaf Al Faryan, Bandana Saini
Objectives This study sought to investigate parents' needs and preferences for school-based asthma support in Saudi Arabian primary schools. Methods Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted in the period between November 2015 and February 2016, with a convenience sample that comprised Saudi parents and carers of children with asthma. Recruitment of participants was primarily driven through Saudi primary schools; passive snowballing and social networks were used to boost participation rates further...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094587/applying-theories-to-better-understand-socio-political-challenges-in-implementing-evidence-based-work-disability-prevention-strategies
#15
Christian Ståhl, Katia Costa-Black, Patrick Loisel
PURPOSE: This article explores and applies theories for analyzing socio-political aspects of implementation of work disability prevention (WDP) strategies. METHOD: For the analysis, theories from political science are explained and discussed in relation to case examples from three jurisdictions (Sweden, Brazil and Québec). RESULTS: Implementation of WDP strategies may be studied through a conceptual framework that targets: (1) the institutional system in which policy-makers and other stakeholders reside; (2) the ambiguity and conflicts regarding what to do and how to do it; (3) the bounded rationality, path dependency and social systems of different stakeholders; and (4) coalitions formed by different stakeholders and power relations between them...
January 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093045/exploring-urban-health-in-cape-town-south-africa-an-interdisciplinary-analysis-of-secondary-data
#16
Rebekka Mumm, Sonia Diaz-Monsalve, Eva Hänselmann, Johanna Freund, Michael Wirsching, Jan Gärtner, Richard Gminski, Katrin Vögtlin, Mirjam Körner, Lena Zirn, Ursula Wittwer-Backofen, Tolu Oni, Axel Kroeger
BACKGROUND: With modern information technology, an overwhelming amount of data is available on different aspects of societies. Our research investigated the feasibility of using secondary data sources to get an overview of determinants of health and health outcomes in different population strata of Cape Town, a large city of South Africa. METHODS: The methodological approach of secondary-data analysis was similar in the different disciplines: Biological Anthropology, Public Health, Environmental Health, Mental Health, Palliative Care, Medical Psychology and Sociology at the University of Freiburg and Public Health at the University of Cape Town...
January 17, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092758/between-a-rock-and-a-hard-place-economic-expansion-and-social-responsibility-in-uk-media-discourses-on-the-global-alcohol-industry
#17
Mary Thornton, Benjamin Hawkins
CONTEXT: Transnational alcohol corporations (TACs) employ a range of strategies to achieve their business objectives, including attempts to frame perceptions of their activities in media debates. TACs aim to achieve a favourable regulatory environment by presenting themselves as socially responsible actors. However, the need to secure financial investment means they must also emphasise their potential for growth. This article investigates tensions between these objectives in coverage of the global alcohol industry in the UK print media...
January 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092252/-accessibility-to-health-services-theoretical-debate-on-determinants-and-implications-in-the-public-health-policy
#18
Diana Alejandra Sánchez-Torres
This paper presents the theorical development of accesibility as process and product. The process consists of the elements that converge to meet the objectives of providing medical care in a timely manner. As product is a component of effective care. Accesibility itself is subject to a combination of economic, cultural, social, geographic and contextual aspects. Beyond the right of persons to receive health care, availability of institutions and the means to achieve.
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092197/from-the-mouths-of-social-media-users-a-focus-group-study-exploring-the-social-casino-gaming-online-gambling-link
#19
Hyoun S Kim, Michael J A Wohl, Rina Gupta, Jeffrey Derevensky
Background and aims The potential link between social casino gaming and online gambling has raised considerable concerns among clinicians, researchers and policy makers. Unfortunately, however, there is a paucity of research examining this potential link, especially among young adults. This represents a significant gap given young adults are frequently exposed to and are players of social casino games. Methods To better understand the potential link between social casino games and online gambling, we conducted three focus groups (N = 30) at two large Canadian Universities with college students who were avid social media users (who are regularly exposed to social casino games)...
March 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088616/patient-agency-and-contested-notions-of-disability-in-social-assistance-applications-in-south-africa
#20
Gabrielle Kelly
Problems in fairly allocating welfare and health resources are very often located in the spaces where citizens interact directly with state workers. This study draws on observations of doctor-patient encounters in disability assessments for the South African disability grant (DG) to examine how doctor-patient interactions and patient agency shape social welfare allocation in a context of high poverty and inequality. Data were gathered via interviews with healthcare workers and observations of doctor-patient interactions in twelve clinics and three hospitals in the Western Cape province between October 2013 and August 2014...
January 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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