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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643900/exploring-perspectives-of-young-onset-dementia-caregivers-with-high-versus-low-unmet-needs
#1
Joany K Millenaar, Christian Bakker, Deliane van Vliet, Raymond T C M Koopmans, Alexander Kurz, Frans R J Verhey, Marjolein E de Vugt
BACKGROUND: This study is part of the Research to Assess Policies and Strategies for Dementia in the Young project. Information about specific needs in young onset dementia (YOD) will provide the basis for the development of an e-health intervention to assist caregivers in coping with YOD in several European countries. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the issues caregivers of people with YOD face. METHODS: A qualitative content analysis method was used to analyse interviews with YOD caregivers...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643342/progress-and-policy-implication-of-the-insurance-programs-for-catastrophic-diseases-in-china
#2
Wenhui Mao, Luying Zhang, Wen Chen
The State Council encouraged the involvement of commercial insurance companies (CICs) in the development of the Insurance Program for Catastrophic Diseases (IPCD), yet its implementation has rarely been reported. We collected literature and policy documentation and conducted interviews in 10 cities with innovative IPCD policies to understand the details of the implementation of IPCD. IPCDs are operated at the prefectural level in 14 provinces, while in 4 municipalities and 6 provinces, unified IPCDs have been implemented at higher levels...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642517/green-dentistry-the-art-and-science-of-sustainable-practice
#3
P Mulimani
Dentistry is highly energy and resource intensive with significant environmental impact. Factors inherent in the profession such as enormous electricity demands of electronic dental equipment, voluminous water requirements, environmental effects of biomaterials (before, during and after clinical use), the use of radiation and the generation of hazardous waste involving mercury, lead etc have contributed towards this. With rising temperatures across the world due to global warming, efforts are being made worldwide to mitigate the effects of environmental damage by resorting to sustainability concepts and green solutions in a myriad of ways...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641056/the-odd-couple-using-biomedical-and-intersectional-approaches-to-address-health-inequities
#4
Olena Hankivsky, Lesley Doyal, Gillian Einstein, Ursula Kelly, Janet Shim, Lynn Weber, Robin Repta
BACKGROUND: Better understanding and addressing health inequities is a growing global priority. OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we contribute to the literature examining complex relationships between biological and social dimensions in the field of health inequalities. Specifically, we explore the potential of intersectionality to advance current approaches to socio-biological entwinements. DESIGN: We provide a brief overview of current approaches to combining both biological and social factors in a single study, and then investigate the contributions of an intersectional framework to such work...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640797/rural-and-urban-differences-in-air-quality-2008-2012-and-community-drinking-water-quality-2010-2015-united-states
#5
Heather Strosnider, Caitlin Kennedy, Michele Monti, Fuyuen Yip
PROBLEM/CONDITION: The places in which persons live, work, and play can contribute to the development of adverse health outcomes. Understanding the differences in risk factors in various environments can help to explain differences in the occurrence of these outcomes and can be used to develop public health programs, interventions, and policies. Efforts to characterize urban and rural differences have largely focused on social and demographic characteristics. A paucity of national standardized environmental data has hindered efforts to characterize differences in the physical aspects of urban and rural areas, such as air and water quality...
June 23, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640683/the-public-health-practitioner-of-the-future
#6
Paul Campbell Erwin, Ross C Brownson
The requisite capacities and capabilities of the public health practitioner of the future are being driven by multiple forces of change, including public health agency accreditation, climate change, health in all policies, social media and informatics, demographic transitions, globalized travel, and the repercussions of the Affordable Care Act. We describe five critical capacities and capabilities that public health practitioners can build on to successfully prepare for and respond to these forces of change: systems thinking and systems methods, communication capacities, an entrepreneurial orientation, transformational ethics, and policy analysis and response...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637744/group-clinics-for-young-adults-with-diabetes-in-an-ethnically-diverse-socioeconomically-deprived-setting-together-study-protocol-for-a-realist-review-co-design-and-mixed-methods-participatory-evaluation-of-a-new-care-model
#7
Chrysanthi Papoutsi, Dougal Hargreaves, Grainne Colligan, Ann Hagell, Anita Patel, Desirée Campbell-Richards, Russell M Viner, Shanti Vijayaraghavan, Martin Marshall, Trisha Greenhalgh, Sarah Finer
INTRODUCTION: Young adults with diabetes often report dissatisfaction with care and have poor diabetes-related health outcomes. As diabetes prevalence continues to rise, group-based care could provide a sustainable alternative to traditional one-to-one consultations, by engaging young people through life stage-, context- and culturally-sensitive approaches. In this study, we will co-design and evaluate a group-based care model for young adults with diabetes and complex health and social needs in socioeconomically deprived areas...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637714/advance-care-planning-in-medicare-an-early-look-at-the-impact-of-new-reimbursement-on-billing-and-clinical-practice
#8
Gawin Tsai, Donald H Taylor
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we examined the US Medicare programme's (government-funded social insurance for the elderly or disabled) new reimbursement for advance care planning (ACP) that began on 1 January 2016. This single-centre study addressed whether clinicians who have ACP conversations with patients will use the new reimbursement code and if the new reimbursement is successful at motivating clinicians to have more ACP conversations with patients. METHODS: This is a multimethod study...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637360/who-or-what-has-agency-in-the-discussion-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-uk-news-media-2010-2015-a-transitivity-analysis
#9
Luke Curtis Collins, Rusi Jaspal, Brigitte Nerlich
The increase in infections resistant to the existing antimicrobial medicines has become a topic of concern for health professionals, policy makers and publics across the globe; however, among the public there is a sense that this is an issue beyond their control. Research has shown that the news media can have a significant role to play in the public's understanding of science and medicine. In this article, we respond to a call by research councils in the United Kingdom to study antibiotic or antimicrobial resistance as a social phenomenon by providing a linguistic analysis of reporting on this issue in the UK press...
June 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637214/health-and-social-physical-environment-profiles-among-older-adults-living-alone-associations-with-depressive-symptoms
#10
Sojung Park, Jacqui Smith, Ruth E Dunkle, Berit Ingersoll-Dayton, Toni C Antonucci
Objectives: We examined differences in depressive symptoms among people 65 and older who live alone, exploring whether these differences are associated with both health and environmental contexts. Method: Data are from the 2006 wave of Health Retirement Study (N = 2,956, age range: 65-104). We used a two-step cluster analytical approach to identify subgroups of health-limitation profiles and environmental profiles. Logistic regression models determined associations between subgroups and depressive symptoms...
June 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637150/family-matters-compensable-injury-and-the-effect-on-family
#11
Agnieszka Kosny, Sharon Newnam, Alex Collie
PURPOSE: It is well acknowledged that involvement in injury compensation processes can have a substantial impact on the recovery of the injured person. However, little attention has been given to the social or family consequences of compensable injury. The aims of this study were to better understand both the impact of compensable injury on the family and the role that families play after an injury, throughout the compensation process, and during return to work. METHODS: Eighteen injured persons and nine family members recruited through three compensation authorities in Victoria (Australia) were interviewed...
February 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636665/monitoring-obesity-prevalence-in-the-united-states-through-bookmarking-activities-in-online-food-portals
#12
Christoph Trattner, Denis Parra, David Elsweiler
Studying the impact of food consumption on people's health is a serious matter for its implications on public policy, but it has traditionally been a slow process since it requires information gathered through expensive collection processes such as surveys, census and systematic reviews of research articles. We argue that this process could be supported and hastened using data collected via online social networks. In this work we investigate the relationships between the online traces left behind by users of a large US online food community and the prevalence of obesity in 47 states and 311 counties in the US...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636487/internalized-homonegativity-confucianism-and-self-esteem-at-the-emergence-of-an-lgbtq-identity-in-modern-vietnam
#13
Tam Nguyen, Holly Angelique
We examine the relationships between internalized homonegativity, Confucianism, and self-esteem among LGBTQ adults who grew up during the Open Door Policy, or Đổi Mới, in Vietnam. Participants were identified via activist networks and social media groups. They comopleted on-line survey focused on internalized homo/transphobia, self-estem and confucian values. The study revealed that more exposure to Confucian values in early life is related to higher levels of internalized homonegativity. Male-born participants also had higher level of internalized homonegativity than female-born particiapnts...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633992/eating-out-in-four-nordic-countries-national-patterns-and-social-stratification
#14
T B Lund, U Kjærnes, L Holm
Using a survey conducted in four Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden) in 2012, we investigated whether eating out in cafés and restaurants in these countries is best characterized as a workday pattern activity or a leisure activity; and, whether frequent eating at cafés and restaurants is related to socio-demographic factors and factors relevant to the organization of daily life. We found that eating out is not a fundamental part of everyday eating. It is something which takes place occasionally...
June 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633696/cross-border-collaboration-for-improved-tuberculosis-prevention-and-care-policies-tools-and-experiences
#15
M Dara, G Sulis, R Centis, L D'Ambrosio, G de Vries, P Douglas, D Garcia, N Jansen, E Zuroweste, G B Migliori
As tuberculosis (TB) spreads beyond borders with people movements, several interventions ensuring the continuity of care are essential, although difficult to put in place in the absence of well-defined agreements allowing data sharing and easy referral of patients to appropriate health facilities. This article first sets out general principles for cross-border collaboration and continuity of care. It then presents a series of case studies. Policies and practices on cross-border collaboration in selected low-incidence countries (Australia, Italy, Norway, The Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States) are described and critically appraised...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633647/meeting-the-oral-health-needs-of-12-year-olds-in-china-human-resources-for-oral-health
#16
Xiangyu Sun, Eduardo Bernabé, Xuenan Liu, Shuguo Zheng, Jennifer E Gallagher
BACKGROUND: An appropriate level of human resources for oral health [HROH] is required to meet the oral health needs of population, and enable maximum improvement in health outcomes. The aim of this study was to estimate the required HROH to meet the oral health needs of the World Health Organization [WHO] reference group of 12-year-olds in China and consider the implications for education, practice, policy and HROH nationally. METHODS: We estimated the need of HROH to meet the needs of 12-year-olds based on secondary analysis of the epidemiological and questionnaire data from the 3rd Chinese National Oral Health Survey, including caries experience and periodontal factors (calculus), dentally-related behaviour (frequency of toothbrushing and sugar intake), and social factors (parental education)...
June 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633376/keeping-things-in-balance-family-experiences-of-living-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Nuria Esandi, Mike Nolan, Cristina Alfaro, Ana Canga-Armayor
Background and Objectives: Historically, research, practice, and policy on Alzheimer's family care has been largely focused on dyadic relationships and the experience of burden and stress, often failing to capture the complex caring dynamics as they unfold over time. This study sought to develop a more nuanced understanding of how people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and their families are affected by the disease and how they respond to the challenges AD poses. Research Design and Methods: Using constructivist grounded theory, the study explored the experiences of living with AD for native Spanish families residing in Navarra...
June 15, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632767/how-is-indonesia-coping-with-its-epidemic-of-chronic-noncommunicable-diseases-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#18
Julia Schröders, Stig Wall, Mohammad Hakimi, Fatwa Sari Tetra Dewi, Lars Weinehall, Mark Nichter, Maria Nilsson, Hari Kusnanto, Ekowati Rahajeng, Nawi Ng
BACKGROUND: Chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) have emerged as a huge global health problem in low- and middle-income countries. The magnitude of the rise of NCDs is particularly visible in Southeast Asia where limited resources have been used to address this rising epidemic, as in the case of Indonesia. Robust evidence to measure growing NCD-related burdens at national and local levels and to aid national discussion on social determinants of health and intra-country inequalities is needed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631538/just-healthcare-and-human-flourishing-why-resource-allocation-is-not-just-enough
#19
Jayne Hewitt
Over many years, different theories have been developed to guide the social practices and policies of institutions so that they demonstrate equal concern and respect for all, and satisfy the requirements of justice. Although the normative principles described in a theory may support just institutions, whether this results in just outcomes will depend on how the decisions that implement the principles are made and actioned. As a societal institution charged with caring for people, ensuring just outcomes is a distinct concern in healthcare...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631228/the-socio-ecological-model-approach-to-understanding-barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-accessing-of-health-services-by-sex-workers-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Polly H X Ma, Zenobia C Y Chan, Alice Yuen Loke
Inequities in accessing health care persist among sex workers. The purpose of the review is to understand the health-seeking behaviours of sex workers and their access to health care services with socio-ecological model. Of 3852 citations screened, 30 met the inclusion criteria for this review. The access that sex workers have to health services is a complex issue. A wide range of barriers and facilitators at multiple levels could influence sex workers' utilization of health care services, such as health or service information, stigma, social support, quality of health care, available, accessible and affordable services, healthcare policy...
June 19, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
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