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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215019/goose-management-in-scotland-an-overview
#1
Ian Bainbridge
This paper reviews the changing status of goose populations in Scotland since the 1940s, and the changing policies and management activities employed over that time. The size of all goose populations has risen since the 1940s due to protection measures, changes in agriculture and levels of shooting, in the UK and elsewhere. The development of goose policies in response to public interest and pressures is described. Some changes in goose populations since 2000 can be linked to this policy development. Policy is now split between protective measures for some species and adaptive management approaches encompassing control measures for others...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212816/social-science-s-curious-war-with-pop-culture-and-how-it-was-lost-the-media-violence-debate-and-the-risks-it-holds-for-social-science
#2
REVIEW
Christopher J Ferguson, Eugene Beresin
For nearly half a century, psychologists, pediatricians and psychiatrists have studied the potential impact of media violence on aggression and societal violence, particularly among youth. Despite hundreds of studies, scholars have failed to find consensus on potential effects. Nonetheless, professional organizations such as the American Academy of Pediatrics and American Psychological Association have released policy statements conclusively linking violent media to societal concerns. In reaction, some scholars have accused these professional groups of distorting evidence and failing to inform the public of the inconsistent nature of studies in this field...
February 14, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212462/climate-change-contaminant-interactions-in-marine-food-webs-towards-a-conceptual-framework
#3
Juan José Alava, William W L Cheung, Peter S Ross, Rashid U Sumaila
Climate change is reshaping the way in which contaminants move through the global environment, in large part by changing the chemistry of the oceans and affecting the physiology, health and feeding ecology of marine biota. Climate change-associated impacts on structure and function of marine food webs, with consequent changes in contaminant transport, fate and effects, is likely to have significant repercussions to those human populations that rely on fisheries resources for food, recreation or culture. Published studies on climate change-contaminant interactions with a focus on food web bioaccumulation were systematically reviewed to explore how climate change and ocean acidification may impact contaminant levels in marine food webs...
February 17, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211962/smoking-prevalence-among-lesbian-bisexual-and-queer-women-in-sydney-remains-high-analysis-of-trends-and-correlates
#4
Rachel M Deacon, Julie Mooney-Somers
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: To investigate smoking prevalence trends and correlates among lesbian, bisexual and queer-identifying (LBQ) women in Sydney, Australia. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data from 5007 respondents to a repeated cross-sectional community survey were used to examine smoking trends between 2004 and 2014. Multinomial logistic regression was used to examine smoking correlates. RESULTS: Thirty percent of respondents were current smokers, including 48% of 16 to 24-year-olds...
February 17, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211318/health-literacy-in-the-german-population
#5
Doris Schaeffer, Eva-Maria Berens, Dominique Vogt
BACKGROUND: Persons with low health literacy have difficulty dealing with the health care system and understanding health-related information. Studies from multiple countries have shown that low health literacy negatively affects health, health-related and illness-related behavior, and the utilization of health care resources. The data available till now on health literacy in Germany have been sparse. The goal of this study is to acquire representative data on the health literacy of the German population...
January 27, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210478/the-twin-epidemic-in-infertility-care-why-do-we-persist-in-transferring-too-many-embryos
#6
EDITORIAL
W Ombelet
The epidemic of iatrogenic multiple births as a result of infertility treatment are responsible for an unacceptable high incidence of maternal, perinatal and childhood morbidity and mortality. Healthcare costs due to infertility therapy are too high and this may lead to social and political concern. The introduction of single embryo transfer (SET) was a real breakthrough, but was only accepted in most European countries and Japan. The United States, Latin America and most developing countries still have high multiple pregnancy rates...
December 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208813/perceptions-of-improved-biomass-and-liquefied-petroleum-gas-stoves-in-puno-peru-implications-for-promoting-sustained-and-exclusive-adoption-of-clean-cooking-technologies
#7
Jacqueline Hollada, Kendra N Williams, Catherine H Miele, David Danz, Steven A Harvey, William Checkley
Many households in low- and middle-income countries cook with inefficient biomass-burning stoves, which cause high levels of household air pollution and threaten long-term health. Although clean stoves and fuels are available, uptake and consistent use has been low. Using observations and in-depth interviews, we assessed the attitudes, preferences, and beliefs about traditional versus liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) stoves in rural Puno, Peru. A total of 31 in-depth interviews were conducted with primary cooks and their families, health workers, community leaders, and improved stove contractors...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207362/the-precautionary-principle-and-the-tolerability-of-blood-transfusion-risks
#8
Koen Kramer, Hans L Zaaijer, Marcel F Verweij
Tolerance for blood transfusion risks is very low, as evidenced by the implementation of expensive blood tests and the rejection of gay men as blood donors. Is this low risk tolerance supported by the precautionary principle, as defenders of such policies claim? We discuss three constraints on applying (any version of) the precautionary principle and show that respecting these implies tolerating certain risks. Consistency means that the precautionary principle cannot prescribe precautions that it must simultaneously forbid taking, considering the harms they might cause...
March 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204909/reincarceration-risk-among-men-with-mental-illnesses-leaving-prison-a-risk-environment-analysis
#9
Stacey L Barrenger, Jeffrey Draine, Beth Angell, Daniel Herman
Reentry interventions for persons with mental illness leaving prison have consisted primarily of linkage to mental health services and have produced mixed results on psychiatric and criminal recidivism. These interventions primarily focus on intra-individual risk factors. However, social and environmental factors may also increase risk of reincarceration by constraining choices and pro-social opportunities for community reintegration upon release from prison. In order to add to the knowledge base on understanding reincarceration risk for men with mental illnesses leaving prison, we examined interpersonal and environmental factors that exposed men to heightened risk for reincarceration...
February 15, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202924/reevaluating-canada-s-policy-for-blood-donations-from-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm
#10
Bellal Jubran, Maxime Billick, Gabriel Devlin, Jeremy Cygler, Bertrand Lebouché
During the HIV/AIDS epidemic of the 1980s, most of the developed world instituted a permanent ban on blood donations from men who have sex with men (MSM). In recent years, public health agencies across Europe and North America are reconsidering and rescinding these restrictions. We examine the Canadian climate, where MSM may donate blood only after a 5-year deferral period. We review circumstances of the initial ban on MSM blood donations and recent social, legal, and economic changes that have encouraged Canadian public health officials to consider policy reform...
December 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202426/integrated-platform-for-home-services-using-new-products-and-services-for-senior-citizens-call-cnav-carsat-2015
#11
Michel Noguès, Daniel Laune, Delphine Paccard, Anne-Laure Coupet, Justine Millot-Keurinck, Narjis Bototo, Marine Bertrand, Jean Bousquet
This project is part of: i) the risks of ageing prevention policy of the French retirement and occupational health insurance agency of Languedoc Roussillon (Carsat-LR) and ii) the European innovation partnership on active and healthy ageing (EIP on AHA). It aims to support senior citizens who live independently and have been identified at risk of frailty on a social or health level. The purpose is to increase legibility as well as technical and financial access to innovations for vulnerable seniors who are remote from the digital era, through a multiservice user-friendly platform...
February 15, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202244/changes-in-land-uses-and-ecosystem-services-under-multi-scenarios-simulation
#12
Jingya Liu, Jing Li, Keyu Qin, Zixiang Zhou, Xiaonan Yang, Ting Li
Social economy of China has been rapidly developing for more than 30years with efficient reforms and policies being issued. Societal developments have resulted in a greater use of many natural resources to the extent that the ecosystem can no longer self-regulate, thus severely damaging the balance of the ecosystem itself. This in turn has led to a deterioration in people's living environments. Our research is based on a combination of climate scenarios presented in the fifth report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and policy scenarios, including the one-child policy and carbon tax policy...
February 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198945/rehabilitation-of-children-and-adolescents-with-myelomeningocele-the-daily-life-of-mothers-caregiversrehabilitation-of-children-and-adolescents-with-myelomeningocele-the-daily-life-of-mothers-caregivers
#13
Giselle Lima de Freitas, Roseni Rosângela de Sena, Josana Cristina Faleiros E Silva, Fabiana Faleiros Santana Castro
Objective: To analyze the daily routine of mothers-caregivers of children and adolescents with myelomeningocele at home. Method: Descriptive, exploratory, qualitative research. Data were collected with 16 mothers of children and adolescents with myelomeningocele by means of interviews and observation from May to August 2015, in municipalities of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The data were submitted to qualitative analysis. Results: The daily care routine of the mothers at home revealed two empirical categories: a) the impact of the birth on naturalization of care, and (b) changes in the routine of the mothers and women...
February 9, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198932/eugenics-sterilization-and-historical-memory-in-the-united-states
#14
Alexandra Minna Stern
From the 1920s to the 1950s, California sterilized approximately 20,000 people in state homes and hospitals based on a eugenic law that authorized medical superintendents to perform reproductive surgeries on patients deemed unfit and "suffering from a mental affliction likely to be inherited." Working with a unique resource - a dataset created from 19,000 sterilization recommendations - my team and I have reconstructed patterns and experiences of institutionalization of sterilizations. This article presents several of our important initial findings related to ethnic and gender bias in sterilization policies, and reflects on the relevance of the history for contemporary issues in genomics and social justice...
December 2016: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196951/understanding-repeated-non-attendance-in-health-services-a-pilot-analysis-of-administrative-data-and-full-study-protocol-for-a-national-retrospective-cohort
#15
Andrea E Williamson, David A Ellis, Philip Wilson, Ross McQueenie, Alex McConnachie
INTRODUCTION: Understanding the causes of low engagement in healthcare is a pre-requisite for improving health services' contribution to tackling health inequalities. Low engagement includes missing healthcare appointments. Serially (having a pattern of) missing general practice (GP) appointments may provide a risk marker for vulnerability and poorer health outcomes. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A proof of concept pilot using GP appointment data and a focus group with GPs informed the development of missed appointment categories: patients can be classified based on the number of appointments missed each year...
February 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195528/sustainable-diets-within-sustainable-food-systems
#16
Alexandre Meybeck, Vincent Gitz
Sustainable diets and sustainable food systems are increasingly explored by diverse scientific disciplines. They are also recognised by the international community and called upon to orient action towards the eradication of hunger and malnutrition and the fulfilment of sustainable development goals. The aim of the present paper is to briefly consider some of the links between these two notions in order to facilitate the operationalisation of the concept of sustainable diet. The concept of sustainable diet was defined in 2010 combining two totally different perspectives: a nutrition perspective, focused on individuals, and a global sustainability perspective, in all its dimensions: environmental, economic and social...
February 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194621/mental-ill-health-recovery-and-the-family-assemblage
#17
Rhys Price-Robertson, Lenore Manderson, Cameron Duff
The recovery approach is now among the most influential paradigms shaping mental health policy and practice across the English-speaking world. While recovery is normally presented as a deeply personal process, critics have challenged the individualism underpinning this view. A growing literature on "family recovery" explores the ways in which people, especially parents with mental ill health, can find it impossible to separate their own recovery experiences from the processes of family life. While sympathetic to this literature, we argue that it remains limited by its anthropocentricity, and therefore struggles to account for the varied human and nonhuman entities and forces involved in the creation and maintenance of family life...
February 13, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194503/inequalities-by-immigrant-status-in-depressive-symptoms-in-europe-the-role-of-integration-policy-regimes
#18
Davide Malmusi, Laia Palència, Umar Z Ikram, Anton E Kunst, Carme Borrell
PURPOSE: We aimed to study whether country integration policy models were related to inequalities by immigrant status in depressive symptoms in Europe. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study using data from 17 countries in the sixth wave of the European Social Survey (2012), comparing subjects born either in the country of residence (non-immigrants, N = 28,333) or in a country not classified as "advanced economy" by the IMF (immigrants, N = 2041). Depressive symptoms were assessed with the eight-item version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale...
February 14, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192754/life-course-indices-for-social-determinants-of-self-rated-health-trajectory-in-korean-elderly
#19
Jiae Lee, Sung-Il Cho, Heeran Chun, Kyunghee Jung-Choi, Minah Kang, Soong-Nang Jang
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the self-rated health trajectories of the Korean older population and revealed life-course factors that affect the trajectories over the life course. METHODS: Around 1000 older adults were randomly allocated by stratified multi-stage sampling based on the population census, and underwent face-to-face interviews. Self-rated health status, socioeconomic variables over the life course, and demographic variables were included in the analysis...
February 7, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192712/personal-and-political-histories-in-the-designing-of-health-reform-policy-in-bolivia
#20
Alissa Bernstein
While health policies are a major focus in disciplines such as public health and public policy, there is a dearth of work on the histories, social contexts, and personalities behind the development of these policies. This article takes an anthropological approach to the study of a health policy's origins, based on ethnographic research conducted in Bolivia between 2010 and 2012. Bolivia began a process of health care reform in 2006, following the election of Evo Morales Ayma, the country's first indigenous president, and leader of the Movement Toward Socialism (Movimiento al Socialism)...
January 21, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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