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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135795/families-and-the-juvenile-justice-system-considerations-for-family-based-interventions
#1
Bita Amani, Norweeta G Milburn, Susana Lopez, Angela Young-Brinn, Lourdes Castro, Alex Lee, Eraka Bath
We conducted focus groups with defense lawyers, clinicians, and education advocates to gather their perspectives on families' experiences with the juvenile justice system. Our quantitative descriptive analysis identified a range of themes such as discussions about the poor treatment of families as well as recommendations for a shifting of power to families. These perspectives may provide insights about the context in which families are expected to participate in interventions, meet probationary demands, and provide for their youth's well-being...
January 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123972/how-does-early-adulthood-arrest-alter-substance-use-behavior-are-there-differential-effects-by-race-ethnicity-and-gender
#2
Connie Hassett-Walker, Katrina Walsemann, Bethany Bell, Calley Fisk, Mark Shadden, Weidan Zhou
Purpose: Much criminal justice research has ignored racial/ethnic and gender differences in substance use subsequent to criminal justice involvement. This paper investigated how early adulthood arrest (i.e., 18 to 21 years of age) influences individuals' subsequent transitions from non-substance use to substance use, and substance use to non-substance use through age 30. We also consider if these relationships differ by race/ethnicity and gender. Processes proscribed by labeling theory subsequent to getting arrested are considered...
June 2017: Journal of Developmental and Life-course Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110543/police-legitimacy-and-compliance-with-the-law-among-chinese-youth
#3
Siyu Liu, Jianhong Liu
The process-based model of policing garnered considerable support in the discourse on police legitimacy. However, findings are largely based on Western contexts, and little attention has been paid to the model advanced by Tyler that police legitimacy helps promote compliance. Using a high school sample ( N = 711) from China, we follow Tankebe's operationalization and examine the role of legitimacy in youth support for the police and whether legitimacy helps predict compliance with the law. Findings indicate that procedural justice and shared values are strong predictors of youth support to the police, and this support positively predicts compliance with the law...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109377/sensitizing-black-adult-and-youth-consumers-to-targeted-food-marketing-tactics-in-their-environments
#4
Katherine Isselmann DiSantis, Shiriki Kumanyika, Lori Carter-Edwards, Deborah Rohm Young, Sonya A Grier, Vikki Lassiter
Food marketing environments of Black American consumers are heavily affected by ethnically-targeted marketing of sugar sweetened beverages, fast foods, and other products that may contribute to caloric overconsumption. This qualitative study assessed Black consumers' responses to targeted marketing. Black adults (2 mixed gender groups; total n = 30) and youth (2 gender specific groups; total n = 35) from two U.S. communities participated before and after a sensitization procedure-a critical practice used to understand social justice concerns...
October 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092631/around-the-corner-to-better-health-a-milwaukee-corner-store-initiative
#5
Staci Young, Melissa DeNomie, JoAnne Sabir, Eric Gass, Jessie Tobin
PURPOSE: To discuss successes and challenges of a collaborative pilot project to increase healthy food availability in corner stores in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The Lindsay Heights Healthy Corner Store Initiative aimed to help corner stores sell high-quality produce by increasing supply of healthy foods and funding minor store upgrades to facilitate change. DESIGN: Evaluation research. SETTING: Milwaukee, Wisconsin. PARTICIPANTS: Corner stores; youth and adult community members...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090605/improving-schools-improving-school-health-education-improving-public-health-the-role-of-sophe-members
#6
David A Birch
The reciprocal relationship between health and education has garnered increased attention among public health professionals. The evidence is clear that the level of an individual's education is related to health outcomes in adulthood and that healthier children are more likely to be academically successful than those with health issues. Unpacking and examining various aspects of this relationship is the focus of my 2017 SOHE Presidential Address. The three specific purposes of the presentation are to (a) understand the reciprocal relationship between education and health, (b) understand the characteristics of quality schools and quality school health education, and (c) to review strategies designed to activate school improvement as a public health strategy...
October 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090598/care-coordination-for-youth-with-mental-health-disorders-in-primary-care
#7
Katherine Hobbs Knutson, Mark J Meyer, Nisha Thakrar, Bradley D Stein
Many children are treated for mental health disorders in primary care settings. The system of care (SOC) provides a framework for collaboration among pediatric mental health providers, but it is unclear if youth treated for mental health disorders in primary care receive such coordination. At the South Boston Community Health Center from September /2012 to August 2013 for 74 individuals ≤18 years, the odds of contact with SOC agencies (mental health, education, child protective services, juvenile justice and developmental disabilities) were compared for mental health treatment in primary versus specialty care...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034963/does-the-effect-of-justice-system-attitudes-on-adolescent-crime-vary-based-on-psychosocial-maturity
#8
Adam Fine, Kevin T Wolff, Michael T Baglivio, Alex R Piquero, Paul J Frick, Laurence Steinberg, Elizabeth Cauffman
Adolescents who view the justice system negatively are prone to commit crime. Simultaneously, youth who have difficulty regulating their behavior are likely to commit crime. Using a longitudinal sample of 1,216 male adolescents (ages 13-17) who had been arrested for the first time, were racially/ethnically diverse, and were drawn from three U.S. states, this study incorporated a developmental perspective into the procedural justice framework to examine whether psychosocial immaturity moderated the effect of justice system attitudes on youth crime...
October 16, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027661/negotiating-ethical-paradoxes-in-conducting-a-randomized-controlled-trial-aligning-intervention-science-with-participatory-values
#9
Shabnam Javdani, Sukhmani Singh, Corianna E Sichel
In this article, we describe ethical tensions we have faced in the context of our work as intervention scientists, where we aim to promote social justice and change systems that impact girls involved in the juvenile legal system. These ethical tensions are, at their core, about resisting collusion with systems of control while simultaneously collaborating with them. Over the course of designing and implementing a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of an ecological advocacy intervention for girls, called ROSES, ethical paradoxes crystalized and prompted us to engage in critical reflection and action toward the aim of moving away from conducting research on legal-system-involved girls and moving toward a more democratic, participatory process of inquiry with girls...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023672/expecting-the-unexpected-expectations-for-future-success-among-adolescent-first-time-offenders
#10
Alissa Mahler, Adam Fine, Paul J Frick, Laurence Steinberg, Elizabeth Cauffman
Adolescent first-time offenders demonstrate greater risk of continued offending, justice system contact, and high school dropout. The current study evaluates if optimistic expectations protect youth by reducing offending and improving school grades for 3 years following a first arrest (N = 1,165, Mage  = 15.29). This article also considers whether improved behavior raises expectations about the future and uses autoregressive latent trajectory modeling with structured residuals to examine the within-person cross-lagged associations between expectations and behavior...
October 12, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020818/can-we-hasten-development-effects-of-treatment-on-psychosocial-maturity
#11
Christina L Riggs Romaine, Kathleen Kemp, Christy L Giallella, Naomi E S Goldstein, Jennifer Serico, Sharon Kelley
Research continues to highlight factors associated with developmental immaturity, including persistent delinquency. This article examines whether aspects of developmental immaturity, psychosocial maturity, and emotion regulation are responsive to therapeutic intervention. Fifty-seven female youth in secure residential juvenile justice facilities participated in a randomized controlled trial of the Juvenile Justice Anger Management (JJAM) Treatment for Girls, an intervention that targets skills relevant to psychosocial maturity, including problem-solving, coping, and emotion regulation...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977753/the-manitoba-youth-justice-program-empowering-and-supporting-fasd-affected-youth-in-conflict-with-the-law
#12
Sally Elizabeth Longstaffe, Albert Chudley, Mary Kate Harvie, Teresa Brown, Dan Neault, Trevor John Markesteyn
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) describes a constellation of physical, cognitive, neurologic and behavioral impairments resulting from prenatal exposure to alcohol. FASD is recognized as being one of the largest causes of preventable brain injury in children. There had long been concerns that some youth in conflict with the law may be affected with FASD given repetitive patterns of offending and apparent lack of understanding of consequences of their actions. In 2004 funding was received from Justice Canada for a pilot project with a cross departmental steering committee working together to determine a best way of working across systems to provide FASD assessments to these youth...
October 4, 2017: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970371/preventive-care-use-among-justice-involved-and-non-justice-involved-youth
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Matthew C Aalsma, Valerie R Anderson, Katherine Schwartz, Fangqian Ouyang, Wanzhu Tu, Marc B Rosenman, Sarah E Wiehe
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Youth involved in the juvenile justice system (ie, arrested youth) are at risk for health problems. Although increasing preventive care use by justice-involved youth (JIY) is 1 approach to improving their well-being, little is known about their access to and use of care. The objective of this study was to determine how rates of well-child (WC) and emergency department visits, as well as public insurance enrollment continuity, differed between youth involved in the justice system and youth who have never been in the system...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970369/justice-involved-youth-the-newest-target-for-health-equity-approaches
#14
COMMENT
Deena J Chisolm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966415/involvement-in-the-juvenile-justice-system-for-african-american-adolescents-examining-associations-with-behavioral-health-problems
#15
Dexter R Voisin, Dongha Kim, Lois Takahashi, Phillip Morotta, Kathryn Bocanegra
While researchers have found that African American youth experience higher levels of juvenile justice involvement at every system level (arrest, sentencing, and incarceration) relative to their other ethnic counterparts, few studies have explored how juvenile justice involvement and number of contacts might be correlated with this broad range of problems. A convenience sample of 638 African American adolescents living in predominantly low-income, urban communities participated in a survey related to juvenile justice involvement...
2017: Journal of Social Service Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957574/social-justice-for-crossover-youth-the-intersection-of-the-child-welfare-and-juvenile-justice-systems
#16
Karen M Kolivoski, Sara Goodkind, Jeffrey J Shook
Social workers are critical to promoting racial and social justice. "Crossover youth," a term used to describe youths who have contact with both the child welfare and juvenile justice systems, are an especially vulnerable but often overlooked population with whom social workers engage. A disproportionate number of crossover youth are African American. Empirical research on crossover youth is growing, but such scholarship rarely engages with a human rights and social justice perspective. African American children and youths have a distinct place within the history and current context of the child welfare and juvenile justice systems...
October 1, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930065/trends-in-perceived-access-to-marijuana-among-adolescents-in-the-united-states-2002-2015
#17
Christopher P Salas-Wright, Sehun Oh, Trenette Clark Goings, Michael G Vaughn
OBJECTIVE: There is concern that changes in marijuana-related policy and public opinion may lead to increased access to marijuana among young people in the United States. However, little research has been conducted on changes in youth's perceptions of marijuana access, and studies have yet to systematically examine trends in perceived access across key sociodemographic and externalizing behavioral subgroups. METHOD: Using population-based data collected between 2002 and 2015 as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, we examined trends in perceived marijuana access among non-Hispanic White, African American, and Hispanic adolescents (ages 12-17, n = 221,412)...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926374/reducing-urban-violence-a-contrast-of-public-health-and-criminal-justice-approaches
#18
Magdalena Cerdá, Melissa Tracy, Katherine M Keyes
BACKGROUND: Cities are investing millions in Cure Violence, a public health approach to reduce urban violence by targeting at-risk youth and redirecting conflict to non-violent responses. The impact of such a program compared to criminal justice responses is unknown because experiments directly comparing criminal justice and public health approaches to violence prevention are infeasible with observational data. We simulated experiments to test the influence of two interventions on violence: a) Cure Violence; and b) directed police patrol in violence hot spots...
September 18, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886862/understanding-positive-immigrant-youth-adaptation-in-the-context-of-multiculturalism
#19
David L Sam
This commentary highlights some of the strengths of the papers in this special issue focusing on how they advance acculturation research; how they link immigrant youth research with positive youth development and how they provide some insights into understanding how immigrant youth thrive in their adoptive societies. The commentary takes as its point of departure the prototypical research question for immigrant youth research within the perspective of positive youth development and the ultimate goals of acculturation research, i...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859582/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-the-risk-of-criminal-justice-involvement-and-victimization-among-homeless-adults-with-mental-illness
#20
Hanie Edalati, Tonia L Nicholls, Anne G Crocker, Laurence Roy, Julian M Somers, Michelle L Patterson
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) is highly prevalent among homeless individuals and is associated with negative consequences during homelessness. This study examined the effect of ACEs on the risk of criminal justice involvement and victimization among homeless individuals with mental illness. METHODS: The study used baseline data from a demonstration project (At Home/Chez Soi) that provided Housing First and recovery-oriented services to homeless adults with mental illness...
September 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
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