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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731386/impact-of-childhood-adversity-and-out-of-home-placement-for-male-adolescents-who-have-engaged-in-sexually-abusive-behavior
#1
Kelcey L Hall, Jill D Stinson, Michele R Moser
Child maltreatment and household dysfunction have long been linked to delinquency, adult criminality, and sexual offending. However, the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), factors related to out-of-home placement, and the onset of maladaptive behaviors has not thoroughly been explored in adolescents who have engaged in sexually abusive behavior. In the present study, we examined archival records of 120 male youths who have received treatment for sexually abusive behavior. As expected, the male adolescents in this sample have experienced higher rates of ACEs than samples of adult males in the community, adult males who committed sexual offenses, and juvenile justice-involved males as reported in the literature...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729962/the-protective-effects-of-family-support-on-the-relationship-between-official-intervention-and-general-delinquency-across-the-life-course
#2
Beidi Dong, Marvin D Krohn
PURPOSE: Previous research on the labeling perspective has identified mediational processes and the long-term effects of official intervention in the life course. However, it is not yet clear what factors may moderate the relationship between labeling and subsequent offending. The current study integrates Cullen's (1994) social support theory to examine how family social support conditions the criminogenic, stigmatizing effects of official intervention on delinquency and whether such protective effects vary by developmental stage...
March 2017: Journal of Developmental and Life-course Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715981/trajectory-of-weight-patterns-in-urban-youth-throughout-their-stay-in-a-juvenile-justice-system
#3
Lori Keough, Meghan Cobb, Tatum Sinclair, Dawn Beckman
Incarceration is associated with health risks including overweight and obesity. This study explored obesity rates and weight gain in incarcerated youth by tracking weight trajectory during continuous stays in juvenile justice facilities. Among 65 youth, mean weight gain was 17.8 pounds and significant, F(2, 12) = 25.44, p = .03. Youth gained an average of 15.6 pounds (standard deviation [ SD] = 3.6) during the initial incarceration period (mean = 71 days). From the assessment to treatment period (mean = 46 days), mean weight gain was 4...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709383/what-is-the-current-level-of-mental-health-service-delivery-and-expenditure-on-infants-children-adolescents-and-young-people-in-australia
#4
Leonie Segal, Sophie Guy, Gareth Furber
OBJECTIVES: The study aim was to estimate the current level of ambulatory mental health service delivery to young people aged 0-24 years in Australia and associated government expenditure. Recognising the importance of the early years for the development of mental illness and socioeconomic outcomes, we were particularly interested in service access by infants and young children. METHODS: We extracted information from government administrative datasets on the number of people who received mental health services, number of services and expenditure through the health sector for 2014-2015...
July 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693866/mental-health-needs-of-youth-in-juvenile-justice-an-executive-summary
#5
Geraldine S Pearson, Deborah Shelton, Kate Shade, Elizabeth Bonham, Nancy C Fowler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693556/evidence-for-a-comprehensive-approach-to-aboriginal-tobacco-control-to-maintain-the-decline-in-smoking-an-overview-of-reviews-among-indigenous-peoples
#6
Catherine Chamberlain, Susan Perlen, Sue Brennan, Lucie Rychetnik, David Thomas, Raglan Maddox, Noore Alam, Emily Banks, Andrew Wilson, Sandra Eades
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is a leading cause of disease and premature mortality among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) Australians. While the daily smoking prevalence among Indigenous Australians has declined significantly from 49% in 2001, it remains about three times higher than that of non-Indigenous Australians (39 and 14%, respectively, for age ≥15 years in 2014-15). This overview of systematic reviews aimed to synthesise evidence about reducing tobacco consumption among Indigenous peoples using a comprehensive framework for Indigenous tobacco control in Australia comprised of the National Tobacco Strategy (NTS) and National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Plan (NATSIHP) principles and priorities...
July 10, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691180/examining-the-association-between-language-expository-discourse-and-offending-behaviour-an-investigation-of-direction-strength-and-independence
#7
Thomas Hopkins, Judy Clegg, Joy Stackhouse
BACKGROUND: A high prevalence of Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) is reported in the population of Young Offenders (YO). However, little is known about the extent of the association between language and offending behaviour relative to social disadvantage, education attendance and non-verbal intelligence (IQ), and neither has this association been investigated with particular reference to the expository discourse abilities of YOs on community orders in the UK. AIMS: This study aimed to examine the direction and strength of the association between language and offending behaviour by comparing the receptive and expressive language and expository discourse abilities of male and female YOs and non-offenders in the UK, relative to the confounds of social disadvantage, years of education attended and non-verbal IQ...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659063/university-students-relationship-based-mentoring-in-school-settings
#8
Abu K Mboka
How university students perform the tasks of mentoring, and the kinds of activities that are successful and unsuccessful in relationship-based mentoring interactions when mentors are instructed to "first establish relationships and then use the relationship to promote prosocial thinking and behaviors," remains an unfamiliar area of youth mentoring. Thus, the purpose of this study is to develop some understanding of steps criminal justice majors took and the behavioral goals and objectives they pursued during their semester-long mentoring interactions with primary, middle, and high school pupils within a local school district...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649215/does-watching-a-play-about-the-teenage-brain-affect-attitudes-toward-young-offenders
#9
Robert Blakey
Neuroscience is increasingly used to infer the cognitive capacities of offenders from the activity and volume of different brain regions, with the resultant findings receiving great interest in the public eye. This field experiment tested the effects of public engagement in neuroscience on attitudes toward offenders. Brainstorm is a play about teenage brain development. Either before or after watching this play, 728 participants responded to four questions about the age of criminal responsibility, and the moral responsibility and dangerousness of a hypothetical young or adult offender...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612513/the-sequential-intercept-model-and-juvenile-justice-review-and-prospectus
#10
Kirk Heilbrun, Naomi E S Goldstein, David DeMatteo, Rebecca Newsham, Elizabeth Gale-Bentz, Lindsay Cole, Shelby Arnold
Behavioral health needs in justice-involved adolescents are an increasing concern, as it has been estimated that two-thirds of youths in the juvenile justice system now meet the criteria for one or more psychological disorders. This article describes the application of the Sequential Intercept Model (SIM), developed to describe five "points of interception" from standard prosecution into rehabilitation-oriented alternatives for adults (Munetz & Griffin, 2006), to juvenile justice. The five SIM intercepts are: (1) first contact with law enforcement or emergency services; (2) initial hearings and detention following arrest; (3) jails and courts (including problem-solving courts); (4) re-entry from jails, prisons and forensic hospitals; and (5) community corrections and community support, including probation and parole...
June 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600859/health-status-of-marginalised-young-people-in-unstable-accommodation
#11
Emily Klineberg, Veronica Vatiliotis, Melissa Kang, Sharon Medlow, Lucinda Sullivan, Michael Cummings, Graeme Pringle, Katharine Steinbeck
AIM: More than 26 000 Australians aged 12-24 years experience homelessness, yet data on the health status of homeless youth remain limited. The aim of this study was to describe the health of young people attending a youth health service in Western Sydney who were experiencing homelessness. METHODS: Retrospective case note review for clients aged 12-25 years attending Youth Health Services in Western Sydney. Extracted data included: homelessness status; demographics; physical health issues; mental health issues; involvement with juvenile justice; and disengagement from education or employment...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594216/using-the-maysi-2-to-identify-mental-disorder-among-latino-juvenile-offenders
#12
Jennifer Eno Louden, Tamara Kang, Elijah P Ricks, Lorae Marquez
Many juvenile justice agencies have adopted the Massachusetts Youth Screening Inventory-Version 2 (MAYSI-2; Grisso & Barnum, 2006) to facilitate appropriate programming for young offenders with mental illness. Although Latinos are the fastest-growing ethnic group in the criminal justice system, there is scant research on the utility of the MAYSI-2 among Latino adolescents. The present study examined the utility of the MAYSI-2 in detecting diagnosable mental illness among 398 Latino and 60 European American adolescents in a juvenile justice agency...
June 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594215/identifying-mental-health-issues-in-detained-youth-testing-the-structure-and-invariance-of-the-massachusetts-youth-screening-inventory-version-2-maysi-2
#13
Justin D Russell, Monica A Marsee, John S Ryals
This study examined the factor structure of the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-Version 2 (MAYSI-2), a brief self-report measure designed to flag clinically significant mental health needs among youth entering the juvenile justice system. Participants were 981 detained youth in the southeastern United States (mean age = 14.58 years; SD = 1.28 years; 67.5% male; 71.5% African American). Confirmatory factor analyses showed that a seven-factor model represented a satisfactory solution for the data, similar to previous research...
June 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594209/use-of-structured-professional-judgment-by-probation-officers-to-assess-risk-for-recidivism-in-adolescent-offenders
#14
Kathryn Lawing, Kristina K Childs, Paul J Frick, Gina Vincent
The current study tested a method of risk assessment for adolescent offenders that relies on structured professional judgment: the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk for Youth (SAVRY; Borum, Bartel, & Forth, 2006). Trained probation officers in 3 jurisdictions administered the SAVRY to 505 adjudicated adolescents (M age = 15.43 years, SD = 1.62). The results supported the validity of the SAVRY administered in this juvenile justice context. Specifically, scores from the SAVRY differentiated violent from nonviolent offenders and predicted both violent and nonviolent recidivism over a 12-month follow-up period...
June 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573737/applying-a-social-justice-lens-to-youth-mentoring-a-review-of-the-literature-and-recommendations-for-practice
#15
REVIEW
Jamie N Albright, Noelle M Hurd, Saida B Hussain
Youth mentoring interventions are often designed with the intention of promoting improved outcomes among marginalized youth. Despite their promise to reduce inequality through the provision of novel opportunities and increased social capital to marginalized youth, youth mentoring interventions hold the potential to reproduce rather than reduce inequality. In the current review, we explore literature on youth mentoring that has incorporated a social justice lens. We conclude that there is a need for greater attention to principles of social justice in the design, implementation, and evaluation of youth mentoring interventions...
June 2, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513347/development-and-initial-validation-of-an-inconsistent-responding-scale-for-the-youth-psychopathic-traits-inventory
#16
Brittany N Penson, Jared R Ruchensky, John F Edens, Brent Donnellan, Michael G Vaughn, Hedwig Eisenbarth
The Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory (YPI) is widely used in research, but there currently exist no means to identify potentially invalid protocols resulting from careless or random responding. We describe the development of an inconsistent responding scale for the YPI using three archival samples of youths, including two from the United States (juvenile justice and middle school) and one from Germany (vocational training school). We first identified pairs of correlated YPI items and then created a total score based on the sum of the absolute value of the differences for each item pair...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486669/federal-and-state-responses-to-domestic-minor-sex-trafficking-the-evolution-of-policy
#17
Jini L Roby, Melanie Vincent
Domestic minor sex trafficking (DMST) is a rapidly growing problem in the United States, yet legislative efforts to address victim needs have begun only recently. DMST is an issue that spans several areas of social work practice, as emerging research shows that most children and youths exploited in commercial sex have typically experienced prior abuse, neglect, or other forms of trauma. Many have been involved with the child welfare and juvenile justice systems and are often lured by promises of love, security, protection, and belonging...
May 9, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486059/mindfulness-and-meditation-as-an-adjunctive-treatment-for-adolescents-involved-in-the-juvenile-justice-system-is-repairing-the-brain-and-nervous-system-possible
#18
Drew E Winters, Emily Beerbower
Adolescents involved in the juvenile justice system are prone to more traumatic events than other adolescents, leaving them in danger of developmental difficulties. Trauma exposure is predictive of poor outcomes including mental and physical health issues as well as criminal activity. Current treatment approaches either have a nominal effect on recidivism rates or increase the likelihood of future criminal offenses. This article explores adolescent brain development, the unique difficulties that juvenile justice youth face, and mindfulness meditation as an adjunctive treatment to system-based treatment...
May 9, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476263/outcomes-of-a-family-based-hiv-prevention-intervention-for-substance-using-juvenile-offenders
#19
Marina Tolou-Shams, Emily Dauria, Selby M Conrad, Kathleen Kemp, Sarah Johnson, Larry K Brown
Approximately 80% of all arrested youth are diverted from detention and supervised in the community through probation, specialty courts and other community-based diversion efforts. Justice-involved youth have greater psychiatric impairment, substance use and sexual risk behaviors than their non-justice-involved peers. Family-based interventions to address mental health, substance use and recidivism have been successful in improving these youth outcomes; but the lack of integration of HIV/STI prevention is notable given the co-occurrence of substance use, delinquency and sexual risk-taking behaviors among justice-involved youth...
June 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467206/photovoice-and-youth-empowerment-in-environmental-justice-research-a-pilot-study-examining-woodsmoke-pollution-in-a-pacific-northwest-community
#20
Mattie B Brickle, Robin Evans-Agnew
Woodsmoke pollution is an environmental justice issue for youth living in certain Pacific Northwest cities. Participatory methods such as Citizen Science and Photovoice are effective ways to involve youth in environmental justice research. Little is understood about how youth may be empowered to address woodsmoke issues in their communities. We examined youth empowerment in a citizen science study on woodsmoke, using Photovoice methodology. Ten diverse youth collected and analyzed indoor air samples and photos, then presented their findings to the community and policy makers...
April 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
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