keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Youth justice

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886862/understanding-positive-immigrant-youth-adaptation-in-the-context-of-multiculturalism
#1
David L Sam
This commentary highlights some of the strengths of the papers in this special issue focusing on how they advance acculturation research; how they link immigrant youth research with positive youth development and how they provide some insights into understanding how immigrant youth thrive in their adoptive societies. The commentary takes as its point of departure the prototypical research question for immigrant youth research within the perspective of positive youth development and the ultimate goals of acculturation research, i...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859582/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-the-risk-of-criminal-justice-involvement-and-victimization-among-homeless-adults-with-mental-illness
#2
Hanie Edalati, Tonia L Nicholls, Anne G Crocker, Laurence Roy, Julian M Somers, Michelle L Patterson
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) is highly prevalent among homeless individuals and is associated with negative consequences during homelessness. This study examined the effect of ACEs on the risk of criminal justice involvement and victimization among homeless individuals with mental illness. METHODS: The study used baseline data from a demonstration project (At Home/Chez Soi) that provided Housing First and recovery-oriented services to homeless adults with mental illness...
September 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833100/language-impairment-and-comorbid-vulnerabilities-among-young-people-in-custody
#3
Nathan Hughes, Prathiba Chitsabesan, Karen Bryan, Rohan Borschmann, Nathaniel Swain, Charlotte Lennox, Jennifer Shaw
BACKGROUND: While the prevalence of language and communication difficulties among young people in custody is well established, holistic understanding of the complexity and co-occurrence of additional vulnerabilities among this population are rare. METHODS: Ninety-three young people in a young offenders institution in England were assessed using the Comprehensive Health Assessment Tool, the Test of Word Knowledge, and a range of additional assessments of communication, cognition, and neurodevelopmental difficulties...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828202/the-benefits-of-community-and-juvenile-justice-involvement-in-organizational-research
#4
Carl G Leukefeld, Margaret Cawood, Tisha Wiley, Angela A Robertson, Jacqueline Horan Fisher, Nancy Arrigona, Patricia Donohue, Michelle Staples-Horne, Philip W Harris, Richard Dembo, Judy Roysden, Katherine R Marks
The Juvenile Justice (JJ) system has a number of local behavioral health service community linkages for substance abuse, mental health, and HIV services. However, there have only been a few systemic studies that examine and seek to improve these community behavioral health linkages for justice-involved youth. Implementation research is a way of identifying, testing, and understanding effective strategies for translating evidence-based treatment and prevention approaches into service delivery. This article explores benefits and challenges of participatory research within the context of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)'s Juvenile Justice Translational Research on Interventions for Adolescents in the Legal System (JJ-TRIALS) implementation behavioral health study...
2017: Journal of Juvenile Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818240/reducing-cancer-and-cancer-disparities-lessons-from-a-youth-generated-diabetes-prevention-campaign
#5
Dean Schillinger, Pamela M Ling, Sarah Fine, Cherrie B Boyer, Elizabeth Rogers, Roberto Ariel Vargas, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Wen-Ying Sylvia Chou
Adolescence and young adulthood, a period essential for determining exposures over the life-course, is an ideal time to intervene to lower cancer risk. This demographic group can be viewed as both the target audience and generator of messages for cancer prevention, such as skin cancer, obesity-, tobacco-, and human papillomavirus-related cancers. The purpose of this paper is to encourage innovative health communications that target youth; youth behavior; and the structural, environmental, and social determinants of youth behavior as critical areas of focus for cancer prevention and disparities reduction...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805421/collaborating-with-community-based-services-to-promote-evidence-based-practice-process-description-of-a-national-initiative-to-improve-services-for-youth-with-mental-health-and-substance-use-problems
#6
Joanna L Henderson, Gloria Chaim, E B Brownlie
Many youth with significant mental health (MH) and/or substance use (SU) difficulties do not receive specialized services. Collaboration between service providers, researchers, and other stakeholders is essential to improve youth service system capacity to provide evidence-based services to meet the complex array of needs of youth. Facilitators and barriers of implementing evidence-based practice have been identified, but few studies provide examples of the processes of collaboration and implementation for youth MH services...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760156/predictors-of-self-reported-health-among-the-elderly-in-ghana-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Cynthia Lum Fonta, Justice Nonvignon, Moses Aikins, Emmanuel Nwosu, Genevieve Cecilia Aryeetey
BACKGROUND: Self-reported health is a widely used measure of health status across individuals. As the ageing population increases, the health of the elderly also becomes of growing concern. The elderly go through life facing social, economic and financial hardships. These hardships are known to affect the health status of people as they age. The purpose of this study is to assess social and health related factors of self-reported health among the elderly in Ghana. METHODS: A multivariate regression analysis in form of a binary and ordinal logistic regression were used to determine the association between socioeconomic, demographic and health related factors, on self-reported health...
July 31, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742418/health-risk-behavior-among-justice-involved-male-and-female-youth-exploratory-multi-group-latent-class-analysis
#8
Richard Dembo, Jessica Faber, Jennifer Cristiano, Ralph J DiClemente, Julie M Krupa, Asha Terminello, Jennifer Wareham
BACKGROUND: Youth involved in the juvenile justice system experience a disproportionate prevalence of serious mental health issues, substance abuse, and are at an increased risk of engaging in risky sexual practices. Gender differences exist, with girls at a markedly greater risk of acquiring a sexually transmitted disease. OBJECTIVES: The present study seeks to determine if there are subgroups of male and female youth who differ in their health risk behavior. If so, do any male or female subgroups at different levels of health risk differ in regard to their sociodemographic and psychological factors, and finally, what are intervention/service delivery implications of these differences...
July 25, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731386/impact-of-childhood-adversity-and-out-of-home-placement-for-male-adolescents-who-have-engaged-in-sexually-abusive-behavior
#9
Kelcey L Hall, Jill D Stinson, Michele R Moser
Child maltreatment and household dysfunction have long been linked to delinquency, adult criminality, and sexual offending. However, the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), factors related to out-of-home placement, and the onset of maladaptive behaviors has not thoroughly been explored in adolescents who have engaged in sexually abusive behavior. In the present study, we examined archival records of 120 male youths who have received treatment for sexually abusive behavior. As expected, the male adolescents in this sample have experienced higher rates of ACEs than samples of adult males in the community, adult males who committed sexual offenses, and juvenile justice-involved males as reported in the literature...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729962/the-protective-effects-of-family-support-on-the-relationship-between-official-intervention-and-general-delinquency-across-the-life-course
#10
Beidi Dong, Marvin D Krohn
PURPOSE: Previous research on the labeling perspective has identified mediational processes and the long-term effects of official intervention in the life course. However, it is not yet clear what factors may moderate the relationship between labeling and subsequent offending. The current study integrates Cullen's (1994) social support theory to examine how family social support conditions the criminogenic, stigmatizing effects of official intervention on delinquency and whether such protective effects vary by developmental stage...
March 2017: Journal of Developmental and Life-course Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715981/trajectory-of-weight-patterns-in-urban-youth-throughout-their-stay-in-a-juvenile-justice-system
#11
Lori Keough, Meghan Cobb, Tatum Sinclair, Dawn Beckman
Incarceration is associated with health risks including overweight and obesity. This study explored obesity rates and weight gain in incarcerated youth by tracking weight trajectory during continuous stays in juvenile justice facilities. Among 65 youth, mean weight gain was 17.8 pounds and significant, F(2, 12) = 25.44, p = .03. Youth gained an average of 15.6 pounds (standard deviation [ SD] = 3.6) during the initial incarceration period (mean = 71 days). From the assessment to treatment period (mean = 46 days), mean weight gain was 4...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709383/what-is-the-current-level-of-mental-health-service-delivery-and-expenditure-on-infants-children-adolescents-and-young-people-in-australia
#12
Leonie Segal, Sophie Guy, Gareth Furber
OBJECTIVES: The study aim was to estimate the current level of ambulatory mental health service delivery to young people aged 0-24 years in Australia and associated government expenditure. Recognising the importance of the early years for the development of mental illness and socioeconomic outcomes, we were particularly interested in service access by infants and young children. METHODS: We extracted information from government administrative datasets on the number of people who received mental health services, number of services and expenditure through the health sector for 2014-2015...
July 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693866/mental-health-needs-of-youth-in-juvenile-justice-an-executive-summary
#13
Geraldine S Pearson, Deborah Shelton, Kate Shade, Elizabeth Bonham, Nancy C Fowler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693556/evidence-for-a-comprehensive-approach-to-aboriginal-tobacco-control-to-maintain-the-decline-in-smoking-an-overview-of-reviews-among-indigenous-peoples
#14
Catherine Chamberlain, Susan Perlen, Sue Brennan, Lucie Rychetnik, David Thomas, Raglan Maddox, Noore Alam, Emily Banks, Andrew Wilson, Sandra Eades
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is a leading cause of disease and premature mortality among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) Australians. While the daily smoking prevalence among Indigenous Australians has declined significantly from 49% in 2001, it remains about three times higher than that of non-Indigenous Australians (39 and 14%, respectively, for age ≥15 years in 2014-15). This overview of systematic reviews aimed to synthesise evidence about reducing tobacco consumption among Indigenous peoples using a comprehensive framework for Indigenous tobacco control in Australia comprised of the National Tobacco Strategy (NTS) and National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Plan (NATSIHP) principles and priorities...
July 10, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691180/examining-the-association-between-language-expository-discourse-and-offending-behaviour-an-investigation-of-direction-strength-and-independence
#15
Thomas Hopkins, Judy Clegg, Joy Stackhouse
BACKGROUND: A high prevalence of Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) is reported in the population of Young Offenders (YO). However, little is known about the extent of the association between language and offending behaviour relative to social disadvantage, education attendance and non-verbal intelligence (IQ), and neither has this association been investigated with particular reference to the expository discourse abilities of YOs on community orders in the UK. AIMS: This study aimed to examine the direction and strength of the association between language and offending behaviour by comparing the receptive and expressive language and expository discourse abilities of male and female YOs and non-offenders in the UK, relative to the confounds of social disadvantage, years of education attended and non-verbal IQ...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659063/university-students-relationship-based-mentoring-in-school-settings
#16
Abu K Mboka
How university students perform the tasks of mentoring, and the kinds of activities that are successful and unsuccessful in relationship-based mentoring interactions when mentors are instructed to "first establish relationships and then use the relationship to promote prosocial thinking and behaviors," remains an unfamiliar area of youth mentoring. Thus, the purpose of this study is to develop some understanding of steps criminal justice majors took and the behavioral goals and objectives they pursued during their semester-long mentoring interactions with primary, middle, and high school pupils within a local school district...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649215/does-watching-a-play-about-the-teenage-brain-affect-attitudes-toward-young-offenders
#17
Robert Blakey
Neuroscience is increasingly used to infer the cognitive capacities of offenders from the activity and volume of different brain regions, with the resultant findings receiving great interest in the public eye. This field experiment tested the effects of public engagement in neuroscience on attitudes toward offenders. Brainstorm is a play about teenage brain development. Either before or after watching this play, 728 participants responded to four questions about the age of criminal responsibility, and the moral responsibility and dangerousness of a hypothetical young or adult offender...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612513/the-sequential-intercept-model-and-juvenile-justice-review-and-prospectus
#18
Kirk Heilbrun, Naomi E S Goldstein, David DeMatteo, Rebecca Newsham, Elizabeth Gale-Bentz, Lindsay Cole, Shelby Arnold
Behavioral health needs in justice-involved adolescents are an increasing concern, as it has been estimated that two-thirds of youths in the juvenile justice system now meet the criteria for one or more psychological disorders. This article describes the application of the Sequential Intercept Model (SIM), developed to describe five "points of interception" from standard prosecution into rehabilitation-oriented alternatives for adults (Munetz & Griffin, 2006), to juvenile justice. The five SIM intercepts are: (1) first contact with law enforcement or emergency services; (2) initial hearings and detention following arrest; (3) jails and courts (including problem-solving courts); (4) re-entry from jails, prisons and forensic hospitals; and (5) community corrections and community support, including probation and parole...
June 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600859/health-status-of-marginalised-young-people-in-unstable-accommodation
#19
Emily Klineberg, Veronica Vatiliotis, Melissa Kang, Sharon Medlow, Lucinda Sullivan, Michael Cummings, Graeme Pringle, Katharine Steinbeck
AIM: More than 26 000 Australians aged 12-24 years experience homelessness, yet data on the health status of homeless youth remain limited. The aim of this study was to describe the health of young people attending a youth health service in Western Sydney who were experiencing homelessness. METHODS: Retrospective case note review for clients aged 12-25 years attending Youth Health Services in Western Sydney. Extracted data included: homelessness status; demographics; physical health issues; mental health issues; involvement with juvenile justice; and disengagement from education or employment...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594216/using-the-maysi-2-to-identify-mental-disorder-among-latino-juvenile-offenders
#20
Jennifer Eno Louden, Tamara Kang, Elijah P Ricks, Lorae Marquez
Many juvenile justice agencies have adopted the Massachusetts Youth Screening Inventory-Version 2 (MAYSI-2; Grisso & Barnum, 2006) to facilitate appropriate programming for young offenders with mental illness. Although Latinos are the fastest-growing ethnic group in the criminal justice system, there is scant research on the utility of the MAYSI-2 among Latino adolescents. The present study examined the utility of the MAYSI-2 in detecting diagnosable mental illness among 398 Latino and 60 European American adolescents in a juvenile justice agency...
June 2017: Psychological Assessment
keyword
keyword
79628
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"