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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332549/the-role-of-sexual-abuse-in-trauma-symptoms-delinquent-and-suicidal-behaviors-and-criminal-justice-outcomes-among-females-in-a-juvenile-justice-diversion-program
#1
Krystel Tossone, Madison Wheeler, Fredrick Butcher, Jeff Kretschmar
Female juvenile justice-involved (JJI) youth experience more sexual abuse (SA) than their non-JJI counterparts or their male JJI counterparts. This study examines SA's role among JJI females ( N = 1,307) in a behavioral health diversion program. Results indicate that SA increases the risk of psychological trauma, particularly posttraumatic stress and depression. SA also increases the odds of suicidal behavior, running away, and substance use. SA females have the same odds of successfully completing behavioral health diversion and being charged with any offense or misdemeanor after termination as non-SA females...
October 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331657/views-of-teenage-children-about-the-effects-of-a-parent-s-mobility-disability
#2
Lisa I Iezzoni, Amy J Wint, Alexy Arauz Boudreau, Cheri A Blauwet, Karen A Kuhlthau
BACKGROUND: Few U.S. studies have explored how children experience a parent's mobility disability and its effects on their daily lives. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to engage youth ages 13-17 who had at least one parent with mobility disability in describing their perceptions of their parent's disability and its consequences for their daily and family life. METHODS: Participants videoed and photographed their experiences following general guidelines from the researchers about topics of interest...
December 29, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315619/the-roles-of-trauma-exposure-rejection-sensitivity-and-callous-unemotional-traits-in-the-aggressive-behavior-of-justice-involved-youth-a-moderated-mediation-model
#3
Michaela M Mozley, Crosby A Modrowski, Patricia K Kerig
Research has demonstrated an association between childhood trauma exposure and adolescent aggression. This association may be explained by rejection sensitivity, defined as anger, or anxiety in the anticipation of rejection, which can be a consequence of trauma exposure. Callous-unemotional (CU) traits also are associated with trauma exposure and aggressive behavior; however, research has not yet investigated the interactive roles that rejection sensitivity and CU traits play in the relation between trauma exposure and aggression...
January 5, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295007/a-study-of-the-impact-of-screening-for-poly-victimization-in-juvenile-justice-the-rocky-road-to-a-successful-investigation-in-the-real-world
#4
Julian D Ford, Keith R Cruise, Damion J Grasso, Evan Holloway
Poly-victimization during formative developmental periods represents an important focus for screening and assessment in settings and populations in which interpersonal violence is pervasive. This article describes the multistage evolution of a research project designed to empirically test a poly-victimization enhancement of a widely used and validated behavioral health screening tool for youth using retrospective and prospective archival juvenile justice system outcome data. Several operational and methodological revisions to the project's design and procedures were necessitated by barriers that arose as a result of unforeseen shifts in the host juvenile justice system's policies and personnel...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294704/holding-the-child-and-practitioner-in-mind-youth-justice-practitioners-experiences-supervising-young-people-displaying-sexually-harmful-behavior
#5
Andrew Myles-Wright, Claire Nee
This qualitative study explored the lived experiences of youth justice practitioners supervising young people (below 18 years old) displaying sexually harmful behavior within the Youth Justice System (YJS) in the United Kingdom, as little is currently known about the challenges faced when working with this vulnerable group. Five practitioners from two Youth Offending Services (YOS) participated in individual semistructured interviews, which were subjected to thematic analysis while also analyzing the performative function of language used...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280509/screening-for-mental-health-needs-of-new-zealand-youth-in-secure-care-facilities-using-the-maysi-2
#6
Sean McArdle, Ian Lambie
BACKGROUND: Young people admitted to secure facilities generally have particularly high rates of mental, emotional and behavioural problems, but little is known about the mental health needs of this group in New Zealand. AIMS: To describe prevalence of probable mental health disorder and related needs among young people in secure facilities in New Zealand. METHODS: Massachusetts youth screening instrument - second version (MAYSI-2) data were obtained from the records of young people admitted to one secure care facility (n = 204) within a 12 month period...
December 27, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275082/the-thin-line-between-protection-and-conviction-experiences-with-child-protection-services-and-later-criminal-convictions-among-a-population-of-adolescents
#7
Marc Alain, Julie Marcotte, Julie Desrosiers, Daniel Turcotte, Denis Lafortune
Relying on official data provided by the Québec City Youth Center, Canada, we explore the nature and intensity of officially known criminality for all youth (N = 5399) found guilty under the provisions of the Youth Criminal Justice Act between 2003 and 2012 and assess the relationship between criminality and previous episodes of child maltreatment. This article proposes to further verify the general hypothesis stating that there are empirical links between these two phenomena. The results suggest that those youth victims of specific types of child maltreatment (physical abuse, sexual abuse) seem to be found guilty of criminal acts that are significantly in line with these earlier episodes of maltreatment...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241115/predictors-of-justice-system-involvement-maltreatment-and-education
#8
Angela A Robertson, Courtney S Walker
Decades of research have established that experience of abuse and/or neglect in childhood is related to negative outcomes, such as juvenile delinquency. Existing research has shown that involvement in child welfare services is also related to juvenile delinquency, particularly for children who are victims of neglect. Research has also identified educational factors such as chronic absenteeism as significant predictors of involvement in the juvenile justice system. However, little research has investigated the combined influence of educational factors, child abuse, and involvement in child protective services on justice system involvement...
December 11, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237354/the-views-of-the-public-on-youth-offenders-and-the-new-zealand-criminal-justice-system
#9
Craig Barretto, Sarah Miers, Ian Lambie
Public perceptions of crime and punishment have taken on increasing importance as countries grapple with how to address youth violence. The current study aimed to compare the views of those who have had personal experience of victimisation from youth offenders and those who have not, on what could be improved in managing youth offending in New Zealand. A qualitative methodology was used with data from open-ended survey responses from a nationally representative sample. Public sentiments favoured addressing systemic issues and providing rehabilitation as main emphases followed by more punitive measures, prevention, and restorative justice...
January 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236522/risky-sex-drugs-sensation-seeking-and-callous-unemotional-traits-in-justice-involved-male-adolescents
#10
Laura C Thornton, Paul J Frick, James V Ray, Tina D Wall Myers, Laurence Steinberg, Elizabeth Cauffman
The current study examined whether callous-unemotional (CU) traits predicted risky sexual behavior (i.e., unprotected sex, casual sex) and whether substance use and sensation seeking mediated this relationship over 24 months in justice-involved young men. Participants (N = 1,216) were an ethnically and racially diverse sample (46.3% White Latino, 38% Black, 15.7% White non-Latino) of first-time offending male adolescents (ages 13-17 years) from 3 U.S. cities. Participants completed 5 self-reported interviews at 6-month intervals over 2 years...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236188/contributors-to-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-incarcerated-youth
#11
Larkin Street McReynolds, Gail Wasserman, Elise Ozbardakci
BACKGROUND: Despite elevations in risks associated with self-injurious behavior among community adolescents, the degree to which these features are associated with self-injury among incarcerated youth has rarely been examined. Although the DSM-5 recently proposed a distinct category of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), most studies of youths in forensic settings have not distinguished between subtypes of self-harming individuals. METHODS: Demographic, offense, and disorder contributors to NSSI in incarcerated youths of both genders (N = 358) were examined via a computerized self-report instrument (VISA), largely consistent with DSM-5...
December 13, 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232969/ptsd-symptoms-mediate-the-relationship-between-sexual-abuse-and-substance-use-risk-in-juvenile-justice-involved-youth
#12
Jasmyn Sanders, Alexandra R Hershberger, Haley M Kolp, Miji Um, Matthew Aalsma, Melissa A Cyders
Juvenile justice-involved youth face disproportionate rates of sexual abuse, which increases the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders (SUDs), both of which are associated with poor long-term outcomes. The present study tested two mediation and moderation models, controlling for age, race, and history of physical abuse, with gender as a moderator, to determine whether PTSD symptoms serve as a risk factor and/or mechanism in the relationship between sexual abuse and substance use...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185888/conduct-disorder-symptoms-and-illicit-drug-use-in-juvenile-justice-involved-youth-the-reciprocal-relationship-between-positive-illicit-drug-use-attitudes-and-illicit-drug-use
#13
Haley M Kolp, Alexandra R Hershberger, Jasmyn Sanders, Miji Um, Matthew Aalsma, Melissa A Cyders
Conduct disorder (CD) symptoms cooccur at high rates with illicit drug use in juvenile justice involved youth, which results in poorer outcomes; however, research has not identified where best to intervene in this relationship, limiting the identification of modifiable risk factors to reduce negative effects of CD symptoms. Two mediation models were examined to investigate the potential for CD symptoms to influence a reciprocal relationship between illicit drug use and positive drug attitudes, controlling for age, gender, and race...
November 29, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173739/a-two-week-psychosocial-intervention-reduces-future-aggression-and-incarceration-in-clinically-aggressive-juvenile-offenders
#14
Ashley D Kendall, Erin M Emerson, William E Hartmann, Richard E Zinbarg, Geri R Donenberg
OBJECTIVE: There is a largely unmet need for evidence-based interventions that reduce future aggression and incarceration in clinically aggressive juvenile offenders serving probation. We addressed this gap using a group randomized controlled trial. Offenders both with and without clinical aggression were included, enabling comparison of intervention effects. METHOD: Juveniles 13 to 17 years old (N = 310, mean = 16 years, 90% African-American, 66% male) on probation were assigned to a 2-week intervention targeting psychosocial factors implicated in risky behavior (e...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170572/use-of-research-evidence-and-implementation-of-evidence-based-practices-in-youth-serving-systems
#15
Lawrence A Palinkas, Lisa Saldana, Chih-Ping Chou, Patricia Chamberlain
Although the effectiveness of interventions for prevention and treatment of mental health and behavioral problems in abused and neglected youth is demonstrated through the accumulation of evidence through rigorous and systematic research, it is uncertain whether use of research evidence (URE) by child-serving systems leaders increases the likelihood of evidence- based practice (EBP) implementation and sustainment. Information on URE was collected from 151 directors and senior administrators of child welfare, mental health and juvenile justice systems in 40 California and 11 Ohio counties participating in an RCT of the use of community development teams (CDTs) to scale up implementation of Treatment Foster Care Oregon over a 3 year period (2010-12)...
September 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161607/how-discrimination-and-perspective-taking-influence-adolescents-attitudes-about-justice
#16
Hannah F Rasmussen, Michelle C Ramos, Sohyun C Han, Corey Pettit, Gayla Margolin
Little is known about factors influencing adolescents' justice attitudes. This online study investigates perspective-taking and experiences with discrimination for their associations with adolescents' beliefs about how justice is best served. Participants included 179 ethnically/racially diverse high school students (Mage = 16.67 years; SD = 1.02). Higher perspective-taking was associated with less punitive and more restorative attitudes. Youth reporting more personal and ethnic/racial discrimination experiences endorsed more restorative justice attitudes...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159847/more-or-less-likely-to-offend-young-adults-with-a-history-of-identified-developmental-language-disorders
#17
Maxine Winstanley, Roger T Webb, Gina Conti-Ramsden
BACKGROUND: There is now substantial literature demonstrating that a disproportionate number of young people who come into contact with youth justice services evidence unidentified language difficulties. These young people, therefore, have received little or no professional input in this area. Conversely, there is a dearth of research pertaining to criminality outcomes among those individuals with identified developmental language disorders (DLD) who have received such interventions. AIMS: To examine police-initiated contact and substance use outcomes of young adults with a history of identified DLD versus age-matched peers (AMP)...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157509/psychometric-properties-of-basic-empathy-scale-among-female-juvenile-delinquents-and-school-youths
#18
Pedro Pechorro, Rachel E Kahn, Rui Abrunhosa Gonçalves, James V Ray
Research on empathy often distinguishes between affective and cognitive empathy, but there is limited knowledge regarding the application or measurement of these two dimensions of empathy among female youth, especially forensic samples of female youth. The main aim of the present study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Basic Empathy Scale (BES) among a Portuguese sample of female youths (N=377), composed of incarcerated female juvenile offenders (n=103) and school youths (n=274). The two-factor structure of the BES obtained a good fit among the school sample, but the fit among the forensic sample was poor...
November 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135795/families-and-the-juvenile-justice-system-considerations-for-family-based-interventions
#19
Bita Amani, Norweeta G Milburn, Susana Lopez, Angela Young-Brinn, Lourdes Castro, Alex Lee, Eraka Bath
We conducted focus groups with defense lawyers, clinicians, and education advocates to gather their perspectives on families' experiences with the juvenile justice system. Our quantitative descriptive analysis identified a range of themes such as discussions about the poor treatment of families as well as recommendations for a shifting of power to families. These perspectives may provide insights about the context in which families are expected to participate in interventions, meet probationary demands, and provide for their youth's well-being...
January 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123972/how-does-early-adulthood-arrest-alter-substance-use-behavior-are-there-differential-effects-by-race-ethnicity-and-gender
#20
Connie Hassett-Walker, Katrina Walsemann, Bethany Bell, Calley Fisk, Mark Shadden, Weidan Zhou
Purpose: Much criminal justice research has ignored racial/ethnic and gender differences in substance use subsequent to criminal justice involvement. This paper investigated how early adulthood arrest (i.e., 18 to 21 years of age) influences individuals' subsequent transitions from non-substance use to substance use, and substance use to non-substance use through age 30. We also consider if these relationships differ by race/ethnicity and gender. Processes proscribed by labeling theory subsequent to getting arrested are considered...
June 2017: Journal of Developmental and Life-course Criminology
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