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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235431/stakeholder-education-and-community-mobilization-garner-support-for-sex-education
#1
Kristen Plastino, Jennie Quinlan, Jennifer Todd, Heather D Tevendale
PURPOSE: The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio UT Teen Health (UTTH) implemented a community-wide teen pregnancy prevention (TPP) initiative in south San Antonio. This article describes how UTTH staff educated community stakeholders and mobilized community members to support implementation of evidence-based TPP interventions. METHODS: UTTH educated key stakeholders about the need for TPP efforts, strong local support for such efforts, and the value of evidence-based interventions (EBIs)...
March 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230751/the-feasibility-of-embedding-data-collection-into-the-routine-service-delivery-of-a-multi-component-program-for-high-risk-young-people
#2
Alice Knight, Alys Havard, Anthony Shakeshaft, Myfanwy Maple, Mieke Snijder, Bernie Shakeshaft
BACKGROUND: There is little evidence about how to improve outcomes for high-risk young people, of whom Indigenous young people are disproportionately represented, due to few evaluation studies of interventions. One way to increase the evidence is to have researchers and service providers collaborate to embed evaluation into the routine delivery of services, so program delivery and evaluation occur simultaneously. This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility of integrating best-evidence measures into the routine data collection processes of a service for high-risk young people, and identify the number and nature of risk factors experienced by participants...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184313/juvenile-delinquency-welfare-justice-and-therapeutic-interventions-a-global-perspective
#3
REVIEW
Susan Young, Ben Greer, Richard Church
This review considers juvenile delinquency and justice from an international perspective. Youth crime is a growing concern. Many young offenders are also victims with complex needs, leading to a public health approach that requires a balance of welfare and justice models. However, around the world there are variable and inadequate legal frameworks and a lack of a specialist workforce. The UK and other high-income countries worldwide have established forensic child and adolescent psychiatry, a multifaceted discipline incorporating legal, psychiatric and developmental fields...
February 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178977/diagnostic-performance-and-optimal-cut-off-scores-of-the-massachusetts-youth-screening-instrument-second-version-in-a-sample-of-swiss-youths-in-welfare-and-juvenile-justice-institutions
#4
Claudia Dölitzsch, Laura E W Leenarts, Klaus Schmeck, Jorg M Fegert, Thomas Grisso, Marc Schmid
BACKGROUND: There is a growing consensus about the importance of mental health screening of youths in welfare and juvenile justice institutions. The Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-second version (MAYSI-2) was specifically designed, normed and validated to assist juvenile justice facilities in the United States of America (USA), in identifying youths with potential emotional or behavioral problems. However, it is not known if the USA norm-based cut-off scores can be used in Switzerland...
February 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165266/trauma-informed-juvenile-justice-systems-a-systematic-review-of-definitions-and-core-components
#5
Christopher Edward Branson, Carly Lyn Baetz, Sarah McCue Horwitz, Kimberly Eaton Hoagwood
OBJECTIVE: The U.S. Department of Justice has called for the creation of trauma-informed juvenile justice systems in order to combat the negative impact of trauma on youth offenders and frontline staff. Definitions of trauma-informed care have been proposed for various service systems, yet there is not currently a widely accepted definition for juvenile justice. The current systematic review examined published definitions of a trauma-informed juvenile justice system in an effort to identify the most commonly named core elements and specific interventions or policies...
February 6, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150977/is-the-effect-of-justice-system-attitudes-on-recidivism-stable-after-youths-first-arrest-race-and-legal-socialization-among-first-time-youth-offenders
#6
Adam Fine, Caitlin Cavanagh, Sachiko Donley, Paul J Frick, Laurence Steinberg, Elizabeth Cauffman
Youth who hold negative attitudes toward the justice system are more likely to engage in crime. It is particularly important to study attitudes early in someone's criminal career when they may still be open to change. To date, however, there has been no empirical test assessing whether the relation between attitudes and behavior changes after a first arrest. Using a sample of 1,216 first-time, male, juvenile offenders from the Crossroads Study, the present study explored: (a) racial/ethnic differences in the longitudinal patterns of youths' attitudes; and (b) reciprocal associations between youths' attitudes and both their offending behavior and rearrests in the 2...
February 2, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135726/the-relationships-among-exposure-to-violence-psychological-distress-and-gun-carrying-among-male-adolescents-found-guilty-of-serious-legal-offenses-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#7
Joan A Reid, Tara N Richards, Thomas A Loughran, Edward P Mulvey
Background: Gun violence and psychological problems are often conflated in public discourse on gun safety. However, few studies have empirically assessed the effect of exposure to violence when exploring the association between gun carrying and psychological distress. Objective: To examine the potential effect of exposure to violence on the associations between gun carrying and psychological distress among vulnerable adolescents. Design: Longitudinal cohort study...
January 31, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132705/the-juvenile-justice-behavioral-health-services-cascade-a-new-framework-for-measuring-unmet-substance-use-treatment-services-needs-among-adolescent-offenders
#8
Steven Belenko, Danica Knight, Gail A Wasserman, Michael L Dennis, Tisha Wiley, Faye S Taxman, Carrie Oser, Richard Dembo, Angela A Robertson, Jessica Sales
OVERVIEW: Substance use and substance use disorders are highly prevalent among youth under juvenile justice (JJ) supervision, and related to delinquency, psychopathology, social problems, risky sex and sexually transmitted infections, and health problems. However, numerous gaps exist in the identification of behavioral health (BH) problems and in the subsequent referral, initiation and retention in treatment for youth in community justice settings. This reflects both organizational and systems factors, including coordination between justice and BH agencies...
March 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114615/hearing-auditory-processing-and-language-skills-of-male-youth-offenders-and-remandees-in-youth-justice-residences-in-new-zealand
#9
Sarah A Lount, Suzanne C Purdy, Linda Hand
Purpose: International evidence suggests youth offenders have greater difficulties with oral language than their nonoffending peers. This study examined the hearing, auditory processing, and language skills of male youth offenders and remandees (YORs) in New Zealand. Method: Thirty-three male YORs, aged 14-17 years, were recruited from 2 youth justice residences, plus 39 similarly aged male students from local schools for comparison. Testing comprised tympanometry, self-reported hearing, pure-tone audiometry, 4 auditory processing tests, 2 standardized language tests, and a nonverbal intelligence test...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110109/transitions-and-turning-points-revisited-a-replication-to-explore-child-maltreatment-and-youth-offending-links-within-and-across-australian-cohorts
#10
Emily Hurren, Anna Stewart, Susan Dennison
In this study we examined the consistency of life-course child maltreatment trajectories and youth offending links across birth cohorts. In so doing we demonstrated the value of replication studies for maltreatment research. We applied the methodology of Stewart et al. (2008) and linked population-based (1990 birth cohort) child protection and youth justice administrative data from Queensland, Australia. We performed a group based trajectory analysis to identify distinct maltreatment trajectory groups distinguishable by maltreatment timing and frequency across the life-course...
January 18, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093665/disproportionality-and-disparities-among-sexual-minority-youth-in-custody
#11
Bianca D M Wilson, Sid P Jordan, Ilan H Meyer, Andrew R Flores, Lara Stemple, Jody L Herman
Research indicates that sexual minority youth are disproportionately criminalized in the U.S. and subjected to abusive treatment while in correctional facilities. However, the scope and extent of disparities based on sexual orientation remains largely overlooked in the juvenile justice literature. This study, based on a nationally representative federal agency survey conducted in 2012 (N = 8785; 9.9% girls), reveals that 39.4% of girls and 3.2% of boys in juvenile correctional facilities identified as lesbian, gay, or bisexual...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060202/the-relationship-between-traumatic-brain-injury-and-criminality-in-juvenile-offenders
#12
Wayne A Gordon, Lisa A Spielman, Amanda E Hahn-Ketter, Karla Therese L Sy
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between traumatic brain injury (TBI) and criminal behavior in youth who are incarcerated or on probation in Texas. SETTING: Seven juvenile justice facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Juvenile offenders in state or county correctional facilities or on probation. DESIGN: Screening for TBI was conducted among adolescents at 7 juvenile justice centers. MAIN MEASURES: Participants were administered the Brain Injury Screening Questionnaire, and results were linked to participants' offense history and psychiatric diagnoses...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044032/overcoming-challenges-to-care-in-the-juvenile-justice-system-a-case-study-and-commentary
#13
Rebekah J Savage, Jasmine M Reese, Stephenie Wallace, Timothy Wang, Traci Jester, Robert Lowe, LaKeshia Hyndman, Nefertiti Durant
Youth in the criminal justice system commonly suffer from multiple medical and psychological health problems. Because they likely live in lower socioeconomic environments, the medical care they receive through the justice system might be their only recent medical care and can result in the discovery of health problems or chronic illnesses that must be managed while in the system and beyond. We describe the case of an adolescent diagnosed with a serious chronic disease during his time in an urban detention center to illustrate how health workers and justice staff must use a team approach in caring for this vulnerable population of children...
January 2017: Pediatrics in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024682/coming-of-age-women-s-sexual-and-reproductive-health-after-twenty-one-years-of-democracy-in-south-africa
#14
Diane Cooper, Jane Harries, Jennifer Moodley, Deborah Constant, Rebecca Hodes, Cathy Mathews, Chelsea Morroni, Margaret Hoffman
This paper is a sequel to a 2004 article that reviewed South Africa's introduction of new sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and rights laws, policies and programmes, a decade into democracy. Similarly to the previous article, this paper focuses on key areas of women's SRH: contraception and fertility, abortion, maternal health, HIV, cervical and breast cancer and sexual violence. In the last decade, South Africa has retained and expanded its sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) policies in the areas of abortion, contraception, youth and HIV treatment (with the largest antiretroviral treatment programme in the world)...
November 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017908/the-child-protection-and-juvenile-justice-nexus-in-australia-a-longitudinal-examination-of-the-relationship-between-maltreatment-and-offending
#15
Catia G Malvaso, Paul H Delfabbro, Andrew Day
There is convincing evidence that many young people who are in the justice system have had contact with child protection services and that victims of childhood maltreatment are at increased risk of subsequent youth justice involvement. In Australia, however, there have been few longitudinal studies that have examined these associations and relatively less is known in this area. This study examines the overlap between the child protection and youth justice involvement in South Australia, and determines how substantiated maltreatment and variations in these experiences (e...
December 22, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003390/diagnostic-changes-to-dsm-5-the-potential-impact-on-juvenile-justice
#16
Emily Haney-Caron, Leah Brogan, Amanda NeMoyer, Sharon Kelley, Kirk Heilbrun
Legal decision-makers have discretion at every stage of processing in the juvenile justice system, and individual youth characteristics (e.g., a particular psychiatric diagnosis) influence how a youth progresses through the system. As a result, changes in diagnostic criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) may affect the rates of diagnoses among justice-involved youths and subsequently influence youths' experiences within the justice system. In this article, we identify the diagnoses most likely to exert such influences and review the prevalence of diagnosis and psychiatric disorder symptomatology in justice-involved youths...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997232/human-trafficking-of-minors-and-childhood-adversity-in-florida
#17
Joan A Reid, Michael T Baglivio, Alex R Piquero, Mark A Greenwald, Nathan Epps
OBJECTIVES: To examine the link between human trafficking of minors and childhood adversity. METHODS: We compared the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and cumulative childhood adversity (ACE score) among a sample of 913 juvenile justice-involved boys and girls in Florida for whom the Florida child abuse hotline accepted human trafficking abuse reports between 2009 and 2015 with those of a matched sample. RESULTS: ACE composite scores were higher and 6 ACEs indicative of child maltreatment were more prevalent among youths who had human trafficking abuse reports...
February 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988206/what-do-pediatric-residents-gain-from-an-experience-in-juvenile-justice-a-qualitative-analysis-of-community-based-learning
#18
Elizabeth R Hanson, Erin P Finley, Jean A Petershack
BACKGROUND: Training in advocacy and community pediatrics often involves the use of community site visits. However, data on the specific knowledge, skills, and attitudes gained from these experiences are limited. In this study we used qualitative analysis of written narratives to explore the response of residents to a juvenile justice experience. METHODS: Pediatric residents participated in a week-long experience in the juvenile probation department and completed a written narrative...
December 15, 2016: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977225/the-role-of-mental-health-and-specific-responsivity-in-juvenile-justice-rehabilitation
#19
Sarah McCormick, Michele Peterson-Badali, Tracey A Skilling
Understanding the role that mental health issues play in justice-involved youth poses challenges for research, policy, and practice. While mental health problems are generally not risk factors for criminal behavior according to the risk-needs-responsivity (RNR) framework of correctional psychology practice, prevalence rates are very high and RNR principles suggest that mental health as a responsivity variable may moderate the success of interventions targeted to criminogenic needs. In this study we investigated the relationships among mental health status, criminogenic needs treatment, and recidivism in a sample of 232 youth referred for court-ordered assessments and followed through their community supervision sentence (probation)...
December 15, 2016: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921348/the-early-memories-of-warmth-and-safeness-scale-for-adolescents-cross-sample-validation-of-the-complete-and-brief-versions
#20
Paula Vagos, Diana Ribeiro da Silva, Nélio Brazão, Daniel Rijo, Paul Gilbert
: This work presents psychometric analyses on the Early Memories of Warmth and Safeness Scale, which intends to evaluate the subjective perception of ones' early rearing experiences. Factor structure, measurement invariance, latent mean comparisons and validity in relation to external variables (i.e., forms of self-criticism/self-assurance, experiential avoidance and depressive, anxious and stress symptoms) were investigated. A sample of 1464 adolescents (52.3% male adolescents, mean age = 16...
December 6, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
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