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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641167/exploring-the-role-of-knowledge-of-condition-and-psycho-social-profiles-of-young-people-with-epilepsy-during-transition
#1
Victoria Gray, Lucy Palmer, Kayleigh Whelby, Jacqui Vinten, Lucy Gait
Transitioning from paediatric to adult care can be a particularly challenging time for young people with epilepsy and research has shown that there are a range of factors which may influence a young person's ability to successfully cope with this difficult time. The following study aimed to explore the psychosocial characteristics of this transitioning population, as well as investigate how knowledgeable the young person and their parent/carer are of their own condition throughout transition. Young people with epilepsy were recruited from two specialist epilepsy clinics in the North West and allocated to one of three groups; Group 1 pre-transition, Group 2 transitioning, and Group 3 post-transition...
June 19, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621174/associations-between-family-and-clinician-ratings-of-child-mental-health-a-study-of-uk-camhs-assessments-and-outcomes
#2
Dion N Terrelonge, Andrew Jb Fugard
BACKGROUND: The rated severity of child mental health problems depends on who is doing the rating, whether child, carer or clinician. It is important to know how these ratings relate to each other. AIMS: To investigate to what extent clinicians' views are associated with carers' and young people's views in routine care in the United Kingdom. METHOD: Ratings of clinician and parent/child viewpoints from a large Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) sample ( ns 1773-47,299), as measured by the Children's Global Assessment Scale (CGAS) and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) respectively, were analysed...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617944/inequity-in-timing-of-prenatal-screening-in-new-zealand-who-are-our-most-vulnerable
#3
Olivia Payne, Avinesh Pillai, Michelle Wise, Peter Stone
BACKGROUND: In New Zealand (NZ), Maori and Pacific women are less likely to complete prenatal screening for Down's syndrome and other aneuploidies than other ethnic groups. Young women <20 have low rates of completed screening compared with women >20 years. Women living in deprived areas have lower completed screen rates than women living in more affluent areas. Combined first trimester screening has a superior sensitivity (85%) compared with second trimester screening (75%) for trisomy 21...
June 15, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616853/comparison-of-the-simple-patient-centric-atopic-dermatitis-scoring-system-pest-with-scorad-in-young-children-using-a-ceramide-dominant-therapeutic-moisturizer
#4
Mark Jean-Ann Koh, Yoke Chin Giam, Hui Min Liew, Alice Yee-Wah Foong, Chong Jin Ho, Sharon Mun Yee Wong, Mark Boon Yang Tang, Madeline Sheun Ling Ho, Lucinda Siyun Tan, James M Mason, Michael J Cork
INTRODUCTION: Patient eczema severity time (PEST) is a new atopic dermatitis (AD) scoring system based on patients' own perception of their disease. Conventional scales such as SCORing of atopic dermatitis (SCORAD) reflect the clinician's observations during the clinic visit. Instead, the PEST score captures eczema severity, relapse and recovery as experienced by the patient or caregiver on a daily basis, promoting patient engagement, compliance with treatment and improved outcomes. This study aims to determine the correlation between carer-assessed PEST and clinician-assessed SCORAD in paediatric AD patients after 12 weeks of treatment using a ceramide-dominant therapeutic moisturizer...
June 14, 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600332/contaminated-fingers-a-potential-cause-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-positive-urine-specimens
#5
Philip M Giffard, Rachael A Lilliebridge, Judith Wilson, Gerald Murray, Samuel Phillips, Sepehr N Tabrizi, Suzanne M Garland, Louise Martin, Gurmeet Singh, Steven Y C Tong, Deborah C Holt, Patiyan Andersson
OBJECTIVES: The detection of an STI agent in a urogenital tract (UGT) specimen from a young child is regarded as being indicative of sexual abuse. However, the probabilities of contamination events that could conceivably lead to STI positive specimens in the absence of sexual contact are unclear. The objective was to estimate the potential for fingers that have come in contact with Chlamydia trachomatis-positive urine to detectably contaminate C. trachomatis-negative urine. METHODS: The study design was based on self-experimentation...
June 9, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590816/found-in-transition
#6
Nicholas Medforth, Elaine Huntingdon
The journey to adulthood is complex and multi-dimensional. Young people may be independent in some spheres of their lives, but dependent in others. For young people with a disability, long-term condition, or mental health problem there are additional hurdles. As they move between health and social care services, they will find significant differences in expectations, delivery, and culture. At the same time, their own needs will be evolving. Despite a great deal of guidance on effective transition support, in 2014, England's Care Quality Commission highlighted a shortfall between policy and practice...
June 7, 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589678/barriers-and-facilitators-to-young-children-s-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-a-systematic-review-and-synthesis-of-qualitative-literature
#7
REVIEW
K R Hesketh, R Lakshman, E M F van Sluijs
Positive activity behaviours (i.e. higher physical activity [PA]/lower sedentary behaviour [SB]) are beneficial from infancy, yet evidence suggests that young children (0- to 6-year-olds) are relatively inactive. To better understand the perceived influences on these behaviours and to aid intervention development, this paper systematically synthesizes the extensive qualitative literature regarding perceived barriers and facilitators to PA and SB in young children (0-6 years old). A search of eight electronic databases (July 2016) identified 43 papers for inclusion...
June 6, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554098/the-ward-as-emotional-ecology-adolescent-experiences-of-managing-mental-health-and-distress-in-psychiatric-inpatient-settings
#8
Paula Reavey, Jason Poole, Richard Corrigall, Tony Zundel, Daniel Byford, Sarah Sarhane, Mandy Taylor, Eric Taylor, John Ivens, Dennis Ougrin
Previous research on young people's satisfaction of inpatient services has often relied on the responses of carers and relevant practitioners. It is difficult to ascertain to what extent such reporting accurately represents the satisfaction levels of young people, with emerging research suggesting wide discrepancies. As part of a wider study evaluating the effectiveness of a Supported Discharge Service (SDS) operating within South London & Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, this paper examines how young people experience inpatient services, on a social and emotional level...
May 25, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536655/supporting-looked-after-children-and-care-leavers-in-decreasing-drugs-and-alcohol-solid-protocol-for-a-pilot-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-of-interventions-to-decrease-risky-substance-use-drugs-and-alcohol-and-improve-mental-health-of-looked-after
#9
Hayley Alderson, Ruth McGovern, Rebecca Brown, Denise Howel, Frauke Becker, Louise Carr, Alex Copello, Tony Fouweather, Eileen Kaner, Paul McArdle, Elaine McColl, Janet Shucksmith, Alison Steele, Luke Vale, Raghu Lingam
BACKGROUND: Looked after children (LAC) and care leavers are young people who have been placed under the legal care of local authorities, in many instances due to a history of abuse and/or neglect. These young people have a significantly increased risk of substance use and mental disorder compared to their peers. The aim of the SOLID study is to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a definitive three-arm multi-centre randomised controlled trial (RCT) that compares the effectiveness of two interventions that aim to reduce risky drug and alcohol use and improve mental health among LAC aged 12 to 20 years with usual care...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531419/current-practices-and-experience-of-transition-of-young-people-on-long-term-home-parenteral-nutrition-pn-to-adult-services-a-perspective-from-specialist-centres
#10
E Kyrana, S V Beath, S Gabe, M Small, S Hill
BACKGROUND: There has been an estimated fivefold increase in the number of children receiving parenteral nutrition (PN) at home in the past 10 years with some children approaching the age when they should be referred to adult services whilst still on treatment. Models of care for moving young people onto adult providers of PN at home are not yet well developed, and transition is a potentially dangerous time for young people with complex health needs. METHODS: A questionnaire to ascertain current experience and practices of transition in the context of home PN services was dispatched to 170 consultant gastroenterologists who were members of the British Association of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (BAPEN) and also to all 40 members of the Nutrition and IF working group of the British Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (BSPGHAN)...
August 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516470/survived-so-what-identifying-priorities-for-research-with-children-and-families-post-paediatric-intensive-care-unit
#11
Joseph C Manning, Pippa Hemingway, Sarah A Redsell
The involvement of patients and the public in the development, implementation and evaluation of health care services and research is recognized to have tangible benefits in relation to effectiveness and credibility. However, despite >96% of children and young people surviving critical illness or injury, there is a paucity of published reports demonstrating their contribution to informing the priorities for aftercare services and outcomes research. We aimed to identify the service and research priorities for Paediatric Intensive Care Unit survivors with children and young people, their families and other stakeholders...
May 17, 2017: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513190/prevalence-and-correlates-of-bullying-victimisation-and-perpetration-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-australian-youth
#12
Hannah J Thomas, Jason P Connor, David M Lawrence, Jennifer M Hafekost, Stephen R Zubrick, James G Scott
OBJECTIVE: Bullying prevalence studies are limited by varied measurement methods and a lack of representative samples. This study estimated the national prevalence of bullying victimisation, perpetration and combined victim-perpetration experiences in a representative population-based sample of Australian youth. The relationships between the three types of bullying involvement with a range of mental health symptoms and diagnoses were also examined. METHODS: A randomly selected nationally representative sample aged 11-17 years ( N = 2967, Mage = 14...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509404/family-therapy-for-autism-spectrum-disorders
#13
REVIEW
Debbie Spain, Jacqueline Sin, Eleni Paliokosta, Marie Furuta, Jonathan E Prunty, Trudie Chalder, Declan G Murphy, Francesca G Happé
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are characterised by impairments in communication and reciprocal social interaction. These impairments can impact on relationships with family members, augment stress and frustration, and contribute to behaviours that can be described as challenging. Family members of individuals with ASD can experience high rates of carer stress and burden, and poor parental efficacy. While there is evidence to suggest that individuals with ASD and family members derive benefit from psychological interventions designed to reduce stress and mental health morbidity, and enhance coping, most studies to date have targeted the needs of either individuals with ASD, or family members...
May 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462588/mental-disorders-in-australian-4-to-17-year-olds-parent-reported-need-for-help
#14
Sarah E Johnson, David Lawrence, Michael Sawyer, Stephen R Zubrick
OBJECTIVE: To describe the extent to which parents report that 4- to 17-year-olds with symptoms meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition criteria for mental disorders need help, the types of help needed, the extent to which this need is being met and factors associated with a need for help. METHOD: During 2013-2014, a national household survey of the mental health of Australia's young people (Young Minds Matter) was conducted, involving 6310 parents (and carers) of 4- to 17-year-olds...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425352/overdose-in-young-children-treated-with-anti-reflux-medications-poisons-enquiry-evidence-of-excess-10-fold-dosing-errors-with-ranitidine
#15
C Crawford, M Anderson, G Cooper, G Jackson, J Thompson, A Vale, Shl Thomas, M Eddleston, D N Bateman
BACKGROUND: Accidental drug overdose is a common problem in young children. We examined the influence of formulation and dose in enquiries for different gastro-oesophageal reflux disease treatments in children under 5 years to the UK's National Poisons Information Service. METHODS: Overdose characteristics with ranitidine, omeprazole or domperidone were compared with those of metoclopramide and the H-1 antagonist chlorphenamine, for the period 1 July 2007 to 30 June 2015...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421012/moderated-online-social-therapy-a-model-for-reducing-stress-in-carers-of-young-people-diagnosed-with-mental-health-disorders
#16
John Gleeson, Reeva Lederman, Peter Koval, Greg Wadley, Sarah Bendall, Sue Cotton, Helen Herrman, Kingsley Crisp, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez
Family members caring for a young person diagnosed with the onset of mental health problems face heightened stress, depression, and social isolation. Despite evidence for the effectiveness of family based interventions, sustaining access to specialist family interventions is a major challenge. The availability of the Internet provides possibilities to expand and sustain access to evidence-based psychoeducation and personal support for family members. In this paper we describe the therapeutic model and the components of our purpose-built moderated online social therapy (MOST) program for families...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370586/children-young-people-taking-long-term-medication-a-survey-of-community-pharmacists-experiences-in-england
#17
Jeff Aston, Keith A Wilson, David R P Terry
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether community pharmacists undertake medication reviews with children/their carers and to identify the type of medication-related experiences presented to them when a child is taking long-term medication. METHODS: A 13 question semi-structured survey was posted to 354 England-based community pharmacists with telephone follow-up/repeat mailing of non-responders. Participants were asked about their practice as a community pharmacist over the preceding 12 months to children/young people, or their carers, taking long-term medication...
April 3, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370411/young-onset-alzheimer-dementia-a-comparison-of-brazilian-and-norwegian-carers-experiences-and-needs-for-assistance
#18
M C N Dourado, J Laks, N R Kimura, M A T Baptista, M L Barca, K Engedal, B Tveit, A Johannessen
OBJECTIVES: Although dementia typically occurs in older people, it can also emerge in people aged younger than 65 years in the form of young-onset dementia, the most common type of which is Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, few studies have examined the needs of persons with young-onset AD (YO-AD) and their families, and cross-cultural research on the topic is even scarcer. In response, we investigated the situations, experiences and needs for assistance of carers of persons with YO-AD in Brazil and Norway...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339547/effectiveness-of-the-strengthening-families-programme-10-14-in-poland-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
David R Foxcroft, Howard Callen, Emma L Davies, Katarzyna Okulicz-Kozaryn
: The Strengthening Families Programme for youth aged 10-14 and parents/carers (SFP10-14) is a family-based prevention intervention with positive results in trials in the United States. We assessed the effectiveness of SFP10-14 for preventing substance misuse in Poland. : Cluster randomized controlled trial with 20 communities (511 families; 614 young people) were allocated to SFP10-14 or a control arms. Primary outcomes were alcohol, smoking and other drug use. Secondary outcomes included parenting practices, parent-child relations, and child problem behaviour...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323454/interaction-behaviors-of-bilingual-parents-with-their-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Kristelle Hudry, Lisa Rumney, Nicole Pitt, Josephine Barbaro, Giacomo Vivanti
Given concerns that bilingual exposure might confuse children with disabilities-including autism spectrum disorder (ASD)-bilingual parents may restrict exposure to one language, often the community-dominant language. We investigated a potential consequence of this decision; the possibility that non-native language use might influence parental communicative behaviors during interaction with the child. We recruited 39 parent-child dyads, each with a young child with ASD (mostly boys) and parent/carer (mostly mothers)...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
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