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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334229/physical-and-psychological-health-of-carers-of-young-people-with-first-episode-psychosis
#1
Abner Weng Cheong Poon, Jackie Curtis, Philip Ward, Celia Loneragan, Julia Lappin
OBJECTIVE: Carers of people with psychosis may experience psychological distress and caregiving burden. However, few studies have examined both psychological and physical health of carers of young people with first episode psychosis (FEP). METHOD: A total of 32 young people with FEP and 42 of their carers were recruited from a mental health service. Standardised scales were administered to assess carers' psychological distress and risk for development of Type 2 diabetes...
January 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289984/prevalence-of-mental-disorders-among-children-and-adolescents-of-parents-with-self-reported-mental-health-problems
#2
Sarah E Johnson, David Lawrence, Francisco Perales, Janeen Baxter, Stephen R Zubrick
This paper provides Australian population-level estimates of the prevalence of parental self-reported lifetime mental disorders and past 12 month mental disorders in their children. It leverages unique data from the 2013-2014 Australian Child and Adolescent Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing (Young Minds Matter) (n = 6310). Mental disorders were assessed in 4-17 year-olds using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children Version IV. Primary carer (PC) and secondary carer mental health was based on PC-reported lifetime diagnoses...
December 30, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283988/stigma-and-mental-disorders-in-developmental-age
#3
Marija Burgić Radmanović, Sanela Burgić
Most mental disorders begin during developmental age. Different misinformation about mental illnesses cause anxiety, create stereotypes and promote stigma. Stigma has been identified as a likely key factor in mental health services access and utilization, particularly under-utilization of existing services especially in children with mental disorders. Stigma is a problem with which parents / carers face child emotional and behavioral problems when they seek professional help. Very often they avoid to seek professional help due to existing stigmatized attitudes leading to lack of treatment...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244046/humor-a-rehabilitative-tool-in-the-post-intensive-care-of-young-adults-with-acquired-brain-injury
#4
Kate O'Reilly
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to describe how paid carers use humor in providing compassionate post-intensive rehabilitation care to young adults with acquired brain injury (ABI) who are unable to perform or direct their own care. DESIGN: This is a qualitative study underpinned by symbolic interactionism. METHODS: Paid carers in a residential aged care facility were interviewed. Interview data were analyzed using grounded theory methods of coding, comparative analysis, memoing, and theoretical sampling...
July 2017: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222598/information-needs-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-and-their-parent-carers
#5
Maria C McCarthy, Robyn McNeil, Sarah Drew, Lisa Orme, Susan M Sawyer
PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore health-related information needs of adolescent and young adults (AYAs) and their parent-carers and to examine demographic and clinical variables associated with unmet information needs, including patient activation. METHODS: In a national cross-sectional study, 196 Australian AYAs diagnosed with cancer between 15 and 25 years and within 24 months of diagnosis and 204 parent-carers reported on total and unmet needs for cancer and health-related information...
December 8, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198191/diet-and-anthropometry-at-2-years-of-age-following-an-oral-health-promotion-programme-for-australian-aboriginal-children-and-their-carers-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Lisa G Smithers, John Lynch, Joanne Hedges, Lisa M Jamieson
There are marked disparities between indigenous and non-indigenous children's diets and oral health. Both diet and oral health are linked to longer-term health problems. We aimed to investigate whether a culturally appropriate multi-faceted oral health promotion intervention reduced Aboriginal children's intake of sugars from discretionary foods at 2 years of age. We conducted a single-blind, parallel-arm randomised controlled trial involving women who were pregnant or had given birth to an Aboriginal child in the previous 6 weeks...
December 4, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195225/stigma-and-functional-disability-in-relation-to-marriage-and-employment-in-young-people-with-epilepsy-in-rural-tanzania
#7
Jack Goodall, Sabrine Salem, Richard W Walker, William K Gray, Kathryn Burton, Ewan Hunter, Jane Rogathi, Esther Shali, Ali Mohin, Declare Mushi, Stephen Owens
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of childhood epilepsy on social transitioning outcomes for young people with epilepsy (YPWE) living in Tanzania, and to explore influences on these outcomes. METHODS: At six years from baseline, we followed up 84 YPWE and 79 age- sex- and village- matched controls recruited into a case-control study of childhood epilepsy in rural northern Tanzania. Data were collected from interviews with young people and their carers using a structured questionnaire...
November 26, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185356/a-profile-of-social-separation-and-generalized-anxiety-disorders-in-an-australian-nationally-representative-sample-of-children-and-adolescents-prevalence-comorbidity-and-correlates
#8
Susan H Spence, Stephen R Zubrick, David Lawrence
OBJECTIVE: To examine (1) the 12-month prevalence of social anxiety disorder (SOC), separation anxiety disorder (SEP) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) in a large, nationally representative sample of Australian youth; (2) patterns of comorbidity between these disorders; (3) demographic and socio-environmental correlates and (4) the psychosocial impact and service use associated with each condition. METHOD: Data are from the 2013/2014 Australian national, face-to-face household Young Minds Matter survey of mental health and wellbeing...
November 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170354/57%C3%A2-support-for-suddenly-bereaved-parents-in-the-emergency-unit
#9
Emily Jones, Steffan Simpson
: The Paediatric Emergency Unit at the University Hospital of Wales provides care for over 33 000 children per year. There was no provision in place to support suddenly bereaved families. Staff felt that we could improve the services provided to families who's children sadly died in the unit.The aim was to provide immediate support for the suddenly bereaved families by working in partnership with local Charity 2 Wish Upon a Star. Together we created a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) that consisted of a checklist and pathway allowing us to refer relatives for immediate physical and emotional support...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148187/lateral-neck-lumps-a-systematic-approach-for-the-general-paediatrician
#10
REVIEW
Sebastian K King
Lateral neck lumps are very common in children, and are largely benign in nature. The majority of lumps may be diagnosed on history and clinical examination alone, and further investigations are often not required. The most common pathologies in young children include reactive lymphadenopathy, lymphadenitis and atypical mycobacterial infections. A lateral neck lump is an uncommon presentation for malignancy and is largely restricted to older children and adolescents. The paediatric surgeon plays an important role in the assessment and management of lateral neck lumps, often in the form of reassurance to the patients and their carers...
November 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146211/using-parent-and-self-reports-to-evaluate-eating-disturbances-in-young-girls-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Vicki Bitsika, Christopher F Sharpley
BACKGROUND: Eating Disturbances (ED) often occur in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) but most previous studies have relied on parent-reported data about males with ASD. Few studies have collected data from younger girls with ASD using self-reports and parents' reports. AIMS: To compare self-reports and parents' reports of ED in a sample of 52 young girls with ASD, a standardised scale for ED was revised for use with younger girls with ASD. METHODS: Mothers of 52 girls with ASD aged from 6 to 17 years completed the Swedish Eating Assessment for Autism spectrum disorders (SWEAA) on their daughters; the girls also completed the SWEAA as a self-report...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103001/contraception-for-adolescents-with-disabilities-taking-control-of-periods-cycles-and-conditions
#12
REVIEW
Jane Dickson, Annette Thwaites, Lesley Bacon
The onset of puberty, periods and sexual relationships can be difficult for adolescents and parents. Adolescents with disabilities face a wide range of additional challenges (physical, mental, social and intellectual), which may impact the quality of their lives and those of their families and carers. Research on the use of contraception in young women with disabilities is limited, and clinicians have little practical guidance for best practice. This review article aims to summarise and assess the evidence and guidance for the use of contraception in this group, particularly with regard to management of menstrual and cyclical problems...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090633/visibility-resilience-vulnerability-in-young-migrants
#13
Hannah Bradby, Kristin Liabo, Anne Ingold, Helen Roberts
Young unaccompanied asylum seekers have been portrayed as vulnerable, resilient or both. Those granted residency in Europe are offered support by health and social care systems, but once they leave the care system to make independent lives, what part can these services play? Our review of research with migrants who have been in care in Sweden and the United Kingdom found evidence of unmet need, but little research describing their own views of services. The limited published evidence, supplemented by interviews with care leavers in a UK inner city, suggests that in defining health needs, young people emphasise housing, education, employment and friendship over clinical or preventative services...
October 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090199/the-relationship-between-explanation-and-patient-compliance-in-hirudotherapy
#14
Kwang Seog Kim, Ho Seup Sim, Jun Ho Shin, Jae Ha Hwang, Sam Yong Lee
BACKGROUND: The use of leeches can effectively increase the salvage rate of flap congestion. However, the first reaction from patients and carers in using leeches in clinical fields is strong aversion. This can be due to the fact that development of our culture from agriculture to industrial society, coming across leeches became fairly rare. Also because of the biological traits that leeches carry; staying attached to a leg or other body parts of the host, sucking blood, and leaving wounds...
September 2017: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074697/young-carers-in-the-nhs
#15
Samantha Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062529/priority-setting-in-research-user-led-mental-health-research
#16
Marjorie Ghisoni, Christine Ann Wilson, Karen Morgan, Bethan Edwards, Natalie Simon, Emma Langley, Helen Rees, Amanda Wells, Philip John Tyson, Phil Thomas, Allen Meudell, Frank Kitt, Brian Mitchell, Alan Bowen, Jason Celia
PLAIN ENGLISH SUMMARY: Involving people in health research is increasingly recognised as being important to make sure that research is focused more on the needs of people who use health services. At present, ideas about what should be researched most often comes from researchers and/or health professionals like doctors and nurses rather than people with a lived experience of mental illness. In this study, we will talk with this group of people from across Wales to explore what they think research into their health services should focus on...
2017: Res Involv Engagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061154/a-multi-centre-randomised-trial-to-compare-the-effectiveness-of-geriatrician-led-admission-avoidance-hospital-at-home-versus-inpatient-admission
#17
Sasha Shepperd, Andrea Cradduck-Bamford, Chris Butler, Graham Ellis, Mary Godfrey, Alastair Gray, Anthony Hemsley, Pradeep Khanna, Peter Langhorne, Patricia McCaffrey, Lubena Mirza, Maj Pushpangadan, Scott Ramsay, Rebekah Schiff, David Stott, John Young, Ly-Mee Yu
BACKGROUND: There is concern that existing models of acute hospital care will become unworkable as the health service admits an increasing number of frail older people with complex health needs, and that there is inadequate evidence to guide the planning of acute hospital level services. We aim to evaluate whether geriatrician-led admission avoidance to hospital at home is an effective alternative to hospital admission. METHODS/DESIGN: We are conducting a multi-site randomised open trial of geriatrician-led admission avoidance hospital at home, compared with admission to hospital...
October 23, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042376/protocol-for-a-cohort-study-of-adolescent-mental-health-service-users-with-a-nested-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-to-assess-the-clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-managed-transition-in-improving-transitions-from-child-to-adult-mental-health-services-the
#18
Swaran P Singh, Helena Tuomainen, Giovanni de Girolamo, Athanasios Maras, Paramala Santosh, Fiona McNicholas, Ulrike Schulze, Diane Purper-Ouakil, Sabine Tremmery, Tomislav Franić, Jason Madan, Moli Paul, Frank C Verhulst, Gwen C Dieleman, Jane Warwick, Dieter Wolke, Cathy Street, Claire Daffern, Priya Tah, James Griffin, Alastair Canaway, Giulia Signorini, Suzanne Gerritsen, Laura Adams, Lesley O'Hara, Sonja Aslan, Frédérick Russet, Nikolina Davidović, Amanda Tuffrey, Anna Wilson, Charlotte Gatherer, Leanne Walker
INTRODUCTION: Disruption of care during transition from child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) to adult mental health services may adversely affect the health and well-being of service users. The MILESTONE (Managing the Link and Strengthening Transition from Child to Adult Mental Healthcare) study evaluates the longitudinal course and outcomes of adolescents approaching the transition boundary (TB) of their CAMHS and determines the effectiveness of the model of managed transition in improving outcomes, compared with usual care...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027330/poor-nutrition-from-first-foods-a-cross-sectional-study-of-complementary-feeding-of-infants-and-young-children-in-six-remote-aboriginal-communities-across-northern-australia
#19
Dympna Leonard, Danielle Aquino, Nyssa Hadgraft, Fintan Thompson, Julia V Marley
AIM: To describe the first foods of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander infants and young children who were recruited to a nutrition promotion and anaemia prevention program conducted from 2010 to 2012, in six remote communities across northern Australia. METHODS: Food records (24-hour diet history, food variety checklist) were completed on recruitment by interview with a parent or carer. Cross-sectional analysis assessed the proportion of participants consuming recommended and not-recommended foods and drinks and meeting recommendations for meal frequency and dietary diversity...
October 13, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026188/practitioner-evaluation-of-an-online-oral-health-and-risk-assessment-tool-for-young-patients
#20
M Busby, S Fayle, L Chapple, H Clover, I Chapple
Aim To test the validity and acceptability of an online oral health assessment and biofeedback tool for young patients (under 17) for use in general dental practice.Methods A convenience sample of thirteen practitioners were recruited to test the functionality of a novel version of the Denplan PreViser Patient Assessment tool (DEPPA) developed for young patients (YDEPPA). Dentists who had completed eight or more assessments during a one month window were sent a link to an online feedback survey, comprising eight statements about YDEPPA, with scoring options of 0-10, where a score of 10 indicated complete agreement with the relevant questions...
November 2017: British Dental Journal
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