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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148187/lateral-neck-lumps-a-systematic-approach-for-the-general-paediatrician
#1
REVIEW
Sebastian K King
Lateral neck lumps are very common in children, and are largely benign in nature. The majority of lumps may be diagnosed on history and clinical examination alone, and further investigations are often not required. The most common pathologies in young children include reactive lymphadenopathy, lymphadenitis and atypical mycobacterial infections. A lateral neck lump is an uncommon presentation for malignancy and is largely restricted to older children and adolescents. The paediatric surgeon plays an important role in the assessment and management of lateral neck lumps, often in the form of reassurance to the patients and their carers...
November 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146211/using-parent-and-self-reports-to-evaluate-eating-disturbances-in-young-girls-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Vicki Bitsika, Christopher F Sharpley
BACKGROUND: Eating Disturbances (ED) often occur in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) but most previous studies have relied on parent-reported data about males with ASD. Few studies have collected data from younger girls with ASD using self-reports and parents' reports. AIMS: To compare self-reports and parents' reports of ED in a sample of 52 young girls with ASD, a standardised scale for ED was revised for use with younger girls with ASD. METHODS: Mothers of 52 girls with ASD aged from 6 to 17 years completed the Swedish Eating Assessment for Autism spectrum disorders (SWEAA) on their daughters; the girls also completed the SWEAA as a self-report...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103001/contraception-for-adolescents-with-disabilities-taking-control-of-periods-cycles-and-conditions
#3
REVIEW
Jane Dickson, Annette Thwaites, Lesley Bacon
The onset of puberty, periods and sexual relationships can be difficult for adolescents and parents. Adolescents with disabilities face a wide range of additional challenges (physical, mental, social and intellectual), which may impact the quality of their lives and those of their families and carers. Research on the use of contraception in young women with disabilities is limited, and clinicians have little practical guidance for best practice. This review article aims to summarise and assess the evidence and guidance for the use of contraception in this group, particularly with regard to management of menstrual and cyclical problems...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090633/visibility-resilience-vulnerability-in-young-migrants
#4
Hannah Bradby, Kristin Liabo, Anne Ingold, Helen Roberts
Young unaccompanied asylum seekers have been portrayed as vulnerable, resilient or both. Those granted residency in Europe are offered support by health and social care systems, but once they leave the care system to make independent lives, what part can these services play? Our review of research with migrants who have been in care in Sweden and the United Kingdom found evidence of unmet need, but little research describing their own views of services. The limited published evidence, supplemented by interviews with care leavers in a UK inner city, suggests that in defining health needs, young people emphasise housing, education, employment and friendship over clinical or preventative services...
October 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090199/the-relationship-between-explanation-and-patient-compliance-in-hirudotherapy
#5
Kwang Seog Kim, Ho Seup Sim, Jun Ho Shin, Jae Ha Hwang, Sam Yong Lee
BACKGROUND: The use of leeches can effectively increase the salvage rate of flap congestion. However, the first reaction from patients and carers in using leeches in clinical fields is strong aversion. This can be due to the fact that development of our culture from agriculture to industrial society, coming across leeches became fairly rare. Also because of the biological traits that leeches carry; staying attached to a leg or other body parts of the host, sucking blood, and leaving wounds...
September 2017: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074697/young-carers-in-the-nhs
#6
Samantha Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062529/priority-setting-in-research-user-led-mental-health-research
#7
Marjorie Ghisoni, Christine Ann Wilson, Karen Morgan, Bethan Edwards, Natalie Simon, Emma Langley, Helen Rees, Amanda Wells, Philip John Tyson, Phil Thomas, Allen Meudell, Frank Kitt, Brian Mitchell, Alan Bowen, Jason Celia
PLAIN ENGLISH SUMMARY: Involving people in health research is increasingly recognised as being important to make sure that research is focused more on the needs of people who use health services. At present, ideas about what should be researched most often comes from researchers and/or health professionals like doctors and nurses rather than people with a lived experience of mental illness. In this study, we will talk with this group of people from across Wales to explore what they think research into their health services should focus on...
2017: Res Involv Engagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061154/a-multi-centre-randomised-trial-to-compare-the-effectiveness-of-geriatrician-led-admission-avoidance-hospital-at-home-versus-inpatient-admission
#8
Sasha Shepperd, Andrea Cradduck-Bamford, Chris Butler, Graham Ellis, Mary Godfrey, Alastair Gray, Anthony Hemsley, Pradeep Khanna, Peter Langhorne, Patricia McCaffrey, Lubena Mirza, Maj Pushpangadan, Scott Ramsay, Rebekah Schiff, David Stott, John Young, Ly-Mee Yu
BACKGROUND: There is concern that existing models of acute hospital care will become unworkable as the health service admits an increasing number of frail older people with complex health needs, and that there is inadequate evidence to guide the planning of acute hospital level services. We aim to evaluate whether geriatrician-led admission avoidance to hospital at home is an effective alternative to hospital admission. METHODS/DESIGN: We are conducting a multi-site randomised open trial of geriatrician-led admission avoidance hospital at home, compared with admission to hospital...
October 23, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042376/protocol-for-a-cohort-study-of-adolescent-mental-health-service-users-with-a-nested-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-to-assess-the-clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-managed-transition-in-improving-transitions-from-child-to-adult-mental-health-services-the
#9
Swaran P Singh, Helena Tuomainen, Giovanni de Girolamo, Athanasios Maras, Paramala Santosh, Fiona McNicholas, Ulrike Schulze, Diane Purper-Ouakil, Sabine Tremmery, Tomislav Franić, Jason Madan, Moli Paul, Frank C Verhulst, Gwen C Dieleman, Jane Warwick, Dieter Wolke, Cathy Street, Claire Daffern, Priya Tah, James Griffin, Alastair Canaway, Giulia Signorini, Suzanne Gerritsen, Laura Adams, Lesley O'Hara, Sonja Aslan, Frédérick Russet, Nikolina Davidović, Amanda Tuffrey, Anna Wilson, Charlotte Gatherer, Leanne Walker
INTRODUCTION: Disruption of care during transition from child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) to adult mental health services may adversely affect the health and well-being of service users. The MILESTONE (Managing the Link and Strengthening Transition from Child to Adult Mental Healthcare) study evaluates the longitudinal course and outcomes of adolescents approaching the transition boundary (TB) of their CAMHS and determines the effectiveness of the model of managed transition in improving outcomes, compared with usual care...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027330/poor-nutrition-from-first-foods-a-cross-sectional-study-of-complementary-feeding-of-infants-and-young-children-in-six-remote-aboriginal-communities-across-northern-australia
#10
Dympna Leonard, Danielle Aquino, Nyssa Hadgraft, Fintan Thompson, Julia V Marley
AIM: To describe the first foods of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander infants and young children who were recruited to a nutrition promotion and anaemia prevention program conducted from 2010 to 2012, in six remote communities across northern Australia. METHODS: Food records (24-hour diet history, food variety checklist) were completed on recruitment by interview with a parent or carer. Cross-sectional analysis assessed the proportion of participants consuming recommended and not-recommended foods and drinks and meeting recommendations for meal frequency and dietary diversity...
October 13, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026188/practitioner-evaluation-of-an-online-oral-health-and-risk-assessment-tool-for-young-patients
#11
M Busby, S Fayle, L Chapple, H Clover, I Chapple
Aim To test the validity and acceptability of an online oral health assessment and biofeedback tool for young patients (under 17) for use in general dental practice.Methods A convenience sample of thirteen practitioners were recruited to test the functionality of a novel version of the Denplan PreViser Patient Assessment tool (DEPPA) developed for young patients (YDEPPA). Dentists who had completed eight or more assessments during a one month window were sent a link to an online feedback survey, comprising eight statements about YDEPPA, with scoring options of 0-10, where a score of 10 indicated complete agreement with the relevant questions...
November 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991016/process-of-transition-for-congenital-heart-patients-preventing-loss-to-follow-up
#12
Hajar Habibi, Yaso Emmanuel, Natali Chung
PURPOSE: The aim of this article is to provide an overview of our nurse-led transition clinic provided to congenital heart disease patients moving from pediatric into adult care setting. DESCRIPTION OF THE SERVICE: Nurse-led transition clinic was analyzed at various stages of young adult care from an early stage of 12 to 14 years to entering adult setting at 16 years or older. METHODS: Overview of current transition service for young adults being transferred from pediatric into adult services highlights the integral role of clinical nurse specialist as a coordinator of care...
November 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932158/the-burden-perceived-by-informal-caregivers-of-the-elderly-in-saudi-arabia
#13
Sulaiman A Alshammari, Abdullah A Alzahrani, Khaled A Alabduljabbar, Abdulaziz A Aldaghri, Yazeed A Alhusainy, Mohammed A Khan, Rakan A Alshuwaier, Ismail N Kariz
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to discover the characteristics of informal caregivers of elderly patients; to determine the socioeconomic, psychological, and physical consequences facing informal caregivers; and to measure their burdens and needs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional survey of informal caregivers of elderly patients. Participants were recruited from different hospitals and primary care clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931390/who-s-holding-the-baby-a-prospective-diary-study-of-the-contact-patterns-of-mothers-with-an-infant
#14
Patricia Therese Campbell, Jodie McVernon, Niraj Shrestha, Paula M Nathan, Nicholas Geard
BACKGROUND: Models of infectious disease are increasingly utilising empirical contact data to quantify the number of potentially infectious contacts between age groups. While a growing body of data is being collected on contact patterns across many populations, less attention has been paid to the social contacts of young infants. We collected information on the social contacts of primary carers of young infants and investigated their potential for use as a proxy for contacts made by their infant...
September 20, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906549/developing-a-protocol-to-identify-and-prioritise-research-questions-for-psoriasis-a-james-lind-alliance-priority-setting-partnership
#15
R Majeed-Ariss, M McPhee, C Bundy, C E M Griffiths, H Young
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis affects over two million people in the UK. It confers a significant psychological and social impact on individuals and an associated high economic cost to the National Health Service. There are many unanswered questions about psoriasis. OBJECTIVES: 1. To develop a protocol in order to work with patients, families, carers and healthcare professionals to identify psoriasis uncertainties. 2. To agree by consensus a top ten list of psoriasis uncertainties...
September 14, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898740/transition-from-children-s-to-adult-services-for-young-adults-with-life-limiting-conditions-a-realist-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Helen Kerr, Jayne Price, Honor Nicholl, Peter O'Halloran
BACKGROUND: Improvements in care and treatment have led to more young adults with life-limiting conditions living beyond childhood, which means they must make the transition from children's to adult services. This has proved a challenging process for both young adults and service providers, with complex transition interventions interacting in unpredictable ways with local contexts. OBJECTIVES: To explain how intervention processes interact with contextual factors to help transition from children's to adult services for young adults with life-limiting conditions...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891356/benefits-and-burdens-family-caregivers-experiences-of-assistive-technology-at-in-everyday-life-with-persons-with-young-onset-dementia-yod
#17
Torhild Holthe, Rita Jentoft, Cathrine Arntzen, Kirsten Thorsen
BACKGROUND: People with dementia and their family caregivers may benefit from assistive technology (AT), but knowledge is scarce about family carers' (FC) experiences and involvement in the use of AT in everyday life. AIM: To examine the FC roles and experiences with AT as means of supporting people with young onset-dementia (YOD). METHOD: Qualitative interview study with follow-up design. Repeated semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 FC of people with YOD, participating in an ongoing intervention study investigating the families' use and experiences of AT in everyday life...
September 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861649/parents-suggest-which-indicators-of-progress-and-outcomes-should-be-measured-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Helen McConachie, Nuala Livingstone, Christopher Morris, Bryony Beresford, Ann Le Couteur, Paul Gringras, Deborah Garland, Glenys Jones, Geraldine Macdonald, Katrina Williams, Jeremy R Parr
Evaluation of interventions for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is hampered by the multitude of outcomes measured and tools used. Measurement in research with young children tends to focus on core impairments in ASD. We conducted a systematic review of qualitative studies of what matters to parents. Parent advisory groups completed structured activities to explore their perceptions of the relative importance of a wide range of outcome constructs. Their highest ranked outcomes impacted directly on everyday life and functioning (anxiety, distress, hypersensitivity, sleep problems, happiness, relationships with brothers and sisters, and parent stress)...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853665/rights-for-carers
#19
(no author information available yet)
In April 2018, the Carers' Act comes into force in Scotland to ensure the rights of adult and young carers are recognised and upheld, and that they receive consistent and appropriate support to continue their caring role.
August 30, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843442/availability-of-information-on-young-onset-dementia-for-patients-and-carers-in-six-european-countries
#20
Bridget Jones, Heather Gage, Christian Bakker, Helena Barrios, Sarah Boucault, Johannes Mayer, Anna Metcalfe, Joany Millenaar, Wendy Parker, Anneli Orrung Wallin
OBJECTIVES: To identify information available in six European countries (England, France, Germany, Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden) that addresses the specific needs of people with young onset dementia (YOD) and their carers, and identify gaps. METHODS: Search of websites of organisations with potential interest in dementia. Narrative synthesis and comparative analysis. RESULTS: 21 sources of information were identified (Netherlands 6, England 6, France 3, Germany 2, Portugal 2, Sweden 2); 11 were from voluntary sector organisations...
July 13, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
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