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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644948/traumatic-buccal-fat-pad-herniation-in-young-children-a-systematic-review-and-case-report
#1
Seon-Yeong Kim, Angenine Alfafara, Jin-Woo Kim, Sun-Jong Kim
PURPOSE: Traumatic herniation of a buccal fat pad, predominantly seen in young children, is a rare condition. Because of its rarity and clinical features that resemble tumors, clinicians are faced with challenges at the initial diagnosis. This report describes a case of buccal fat pad herniation with excellent long-term prognosis after surgical relocation and conservative treatment and presents a systematic review of the literature on its management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through a PubMed search, 811 articles were initially identified...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644943/failure-of-wrist-hemiarthroplasty
#2
Eric G Huish, Zachary Lum, H Brent Bamberger, Marc A Trzeciak
BACKGROUND: Wrist hemiarthroplasty has emerged as a motion-sparing option for severe wrist arthritis. It is technically easy with advantages of limited bone resection and no risk of nonunion. Given the relative infancy of the procedure in clinical practice, there are limited data on patient outcomes. METHODS: Eleven patients were treated with wrist reconstructive hemiarthroplasty. Indications included 1 patient with scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse, 9 patients with scapholunate advanced collapse, and 1 patient with capitolunate arthritis...
July 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644742/new-legal-requirements-for-submission-of-product-information-to-poisons-centres-in-eu-member-states
#3
Ronald de Groot, Pieter Brekelmans, Herbert Desel, Irma de Vries
In the past eight years, the European Association of Poisons Centres and Clinical Toxicologists (EAPCCT) has been intensively involved in a European Commission led process to develop EU legislation on the information of hazardous products that companies have to notify to EU Poisons Centres (or equivalent "appointed bodies"). As a result of this process, the Commission adopted Regulation (EU) No 2017/542, amending the CLP Regulation by adding an Annex on harmonised product submission requirements. Harmonised mixture information requirements: Detailed and consistent information on the composition of the hazardous product will become available to EU Poisons Centres (PC)...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644569/gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-of-the-esophagus-a-clinicopathologic-and-molecular-analysis-of-27-cases
#4
Guhyun Kang, Yuna Kang, Kyung-Hee Kim, Sang Yun Ha, Jung Yeon Kim, Young Mog Shim, Michael C Heinrich, Kyoung-Mee Kim, Christopher L Corless
AIMS: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) may arise anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract, but are rare in the esophagus. We describe the clinical, pathologic, and molecular characteristics of 27 primary esophageal GISTs, the largest series to date. METHODS AND RESULTS: DNA was extracted and exons 9, 11, 13 and 17 of KIT, exons 12, 14 and 18 of PDGFRA and exon 15 of BRAF were amplified and sequenced. Esophageal GISTs occurred in 14 men and 13 women between 22 and 80 years of age (mean, 56 years)...
June 23, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644527/an-audit-on-technical-quality-of-root-fillings-performed-by-undergraduate-students
#5
W Fong, O Heidarifar, S Killough, M Lappin, I A El Karim
AIM: To evaluate radiographically the technical quality of root fillings performed by undergraduate dental students and to assess whether students were exposed to an appropriate endodontic case mix during their clinical training. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective audit was undertaken evaluating the clinical records of patients who underwent endodontic procedures during the period from September 2015 to June 2016 in the Dental School at Queen's University Belfast, UK...
June 23, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644517/quantitative-insights-into-the-fast-pyrolysis-of-extracted-cellulose-hemicelluloses-and-lignin
#6
Marion Carrier, Michael Windt, Bernhard Ziegler, Jörn Appelt, Bodo Saake, Dietrich Meier, Anthony Bridgwater
The transformation of lignocellulosic biomass into bio-based commodity chemicals is technically possible. Among thermochemical processes, fast pyrolysis, a relatively mature technology that has now reached the commercial level, produces a high yield of an organic-rich liquid stream. Despite the recent efforts in elucidating the degradation paths of biomass pyrolysis, the selectivity and recovery rates of bio-compounds remain low. In an attempt to clarify the general degradation scheme of biomass fast pyrolysis and provide a quantitative insight, this study has combined the use of fast pyrolysis micro-reactors, spectrometric techniques and mixtures of unlabelled and Carbon-13 enriched materials...
June 23, 2017: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644314/prone-or-left-for-colonoscopy-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-prone-versus-left-sided-starting-position-for-colonoscopy
#7
Nikhil Vergis, Alexander J Scarborough, James A Morris, Jonathan M Hoare
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Data have emerged supporting the right-lateral starting position in reducing time to cecum and improving patient comfort for minimally sedated colonoscopy. We aimed to test whether prone starting position results in similar advantages in procedure time and patient tolerability in comparison to traditional left-sided starting position. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial in which patients were randomized to begin in either the prone or left-lateral (LL) position...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644151/ecg-based-4d-dose-reconstruction-of-cardiac-arrhythmia-ablation-with-carbon-ion-beams-application-in-a-porcine-model
#8
Daniel Richter, H Immo Lehmann, Anna Eichhorn, Anna M Constantinescu, Robert Kaderka, Matthias Prall, Patrick Lugenbiel, Mitsuru Takami, Dierk Thomas, Christoph Bert, Marco Durante, Douglas L Packer, Christian Graeff
Noninvasive ablation of cardiac arrhythmia by scanned particle radiotherapy is highly promising, but especially challenging due to cardiac and respiratory motion. Irradiations for catheter-free ablation in intact pigs were carried out at the GSI Helmholtz Center in Darmstadt using scanned carbon ions. Here, we present real-time electrocardiogram (ECG) data to estimate time-resolved (4D) delivered dose. For 11 animals, surface ECGs and temporal structure of beam delivery were acquired during irradiation. R waves were automatically detected from surface ECGs...
June 23, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643980/-hiatal-hernia-current-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-management
#9
Pierre Allemann, Valentine Guarnero, Alain Schoepfer, Nicolas Demartines, Markus Schäfer
Hiatal hernia is a frequent pathology. Two types have been described : sliding hernia and paraesophageal hernia (PEH). The first one is the most frequent and is associated with reflux disease. Patients with PEH have a large variety of symptoms, such as chest pain, dyspnea, regurgitation, iterative pneumonia and iron-deficiency anemia. Operative management is necessary for sliding hernia with reflux disease and for symptomatic PEH, respectively. In patients with asymptomatic PEH, operative risk must be balanced with the risk of postoperative complications...
June 14, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643320/revised-protocol-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-ecmo-therapy-in-severe-ards-recommendations-of-the-veno-venous-ecmo-expert-panel-appointed-in-february-2016-by-the-national-consultant-on-anesthesiology-and-intensive-care
#10
Romuald Lango, Zbigniew Szkulmowski, Dariusz Maciejewski, Andrzej Sosnowski, Krzysztof Kusza
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) has become well established technique of the treatment of severe acute respiratory failure (Veno-Venous ECMO) or circulatory failure (Veno-Arterial ECMO) which enables effective blood oxygenation and carbon dioxide removal for several weeks. Veno-Venous ECMO (V-V ECMO ) is a lifesaving treatment of patients in whom severe ARDS makes artificial lung ventilation unlikely to provide satisfactory blood oxygenation for preventing further vital organs damage and progression to death...
2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643315/-technical-advantages-of-nano-carbon-development-combined-with-artery-approach-in-lymph-node-sorting-of-rectal-cancer
#11
Yuzhou Zhao, Guangsen Han, Jian Li, Yanhui Gu, Pengfei Ma, Chenyu Liu, Mingke Huo, Junli Zhang, Yanghui Cao, Shijia Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the technical advantages of nano carbon development combined with artery approach in lymph node sorting of rectal cancer. METHODS: From December 2015 to June 2016, 70 patients with of rectal cancer in General Surgery Department of Henan Cancer Hospital were randomly divided into nano carbon development combined with artery approach group(artery approach group) and conventional group. Specimen of artery approach group was placed on the sorting table...
June 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643300/-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-minimally-invasive-surgery-in-colorectal-cancer-surgery
#12
Minhua Zheng, Junjun Ma
Since the emergence of minimally invasive technology twenty years ago, as a surgical concept and surgical technique for colorectal cancer surgery, its obvious advantages have been recognized. Laparoscopic technology, as one of the most important technology platform, has got a lot of evidence-based support for the oncological safety and effectiveness in colorectal cancer surgery Laparoscopic technique has advantages in terms of identification of anatomic plane and autonomic nerve, protection of pelvic structure, and fine dissection of vessels...
June 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643228/a-urologic-stethoscope-urologist-performed-sonography-using-a-pocket-size-ultrasound-device-in-the-point-of-care-setting
#13
Arnon Lavi, Sharon Tzemah, Anan Hussein, Ibrahim Bishara, Nikolay Shcherbakov, Genady Zelichenko, Alon Mashiah, Michael Gross, Leonid Cherbinski, Ziv Neeman, Michael Cohen
PURPOSE: Ultrasound is commonly used in urology. Technical advances with reduced size and cost led to diffusion of small ultrasound devices to many clinical settings. Even so, most ultrasound studies are performed by non-urologists. We aimed to evaluate the utility of a pocket-size ultrasound device (Vscan™ GE Healthcare) and the quality of urologist performed study. METHODS: Three consecutive studies were performed: (1) a urologist using the pocket ultrasound, (2) a sonographist using the pocket ultrasound, and (3) a sonographist using a standard ultrasound device...
June 22, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643064/study-of-self-expandable-metallic-stent-placement-intraluminal-125-i-seed-strands-brachytherapy-of-malignant-biliary-obstruction
#14
Dechao Jiao, Gang Wu, Jianzhuang Ren, Xinwei Han
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of self-expandable metallic stent placement combined with or without intraluminal (125)I seed strands brachytherapy in patients with malignant biliary obstruction. METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to receive treatment with a self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) placement combined with intraluminal (125)I seed strands brachytherapy (brachytherapy group) or a SEMS without brachytherapy (control group). The outcomes were measured in terms of technical success, clinical success, stent patency, complications related to the procedure, and patient survival...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643059/the-learning-effect-of-using-stereoscopic-vision-in-the-early-phase-of-laparoscopic-surgical-training-for-novices
#15
Hitoshi Harada, Shingo Kanaji, Masayasu Nishi, Yoshito Otake, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Masashi Yamamoto, Yoshiko Matsuda, Kimihiro Yamashita, Takeru Matsuda, Taro Oshikiri, Yasuo Sumi, Tetsu Nakamura, Satoshi Suzuki, Yoshinobu Sato, Yoshihiro Kakeji
BACKGROUND: Recently to improve depth perception, the performance of three-dimensional (3D) laparoscopic surgeries has increased. However, the effects of laparoscopic training using 3D are still unclear. This study aimed to clarify the effects of using a 3D monitor among novices in the early phase of training. METHODS: Participants were 40 novices who had never performed laparoscopic surgery (20 medical students and 20 junior residents). Three laparoscopic phantom tasks (task 1: touching markers on a flat disk with a rod; task 2: straight rod transfer through a single loop; and task 3: curved rod transfer through two loops) in the training box were performed ten times, respectively...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643054/a-structured-extended-training-program-to-facilitate-adoption-of-new-techniques-for-practicing-surgeons
#16
Jacob A Greenberg, Sally Jolles, Sarah Sullivan, Sudha Pavuluri Quamme, Luke M Funk, Anne O Lidor, Caprice Greenberg, Carla M Pugh
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair has been shown to have significant benefits when compared to open inguinal hernia repair, yet remains underutilized in the United States. The traditional model of short, hands-on, cognitive courses to enhance the adoption of new techniques fails to lead to significant levels of practice implementation for most surgeons. We hypothesized that a comprehensive program would facilitate the adoption of laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair (TEP) for practicing surgeons...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642793/repair-of-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysm-with-thrombosed-infrarenal-component-a-modified-hybrid-technique-without-aortic-cross-clamping
#17
Hussam Abou-Al-Shaar, Khaled J Zaza, Muhammad Anees Sharif, Samer Koussayer
The authors report the successful repair of a Crawford type III thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) with a thrombosed infrarenal component using a modified hybrid technique without aortic clamping in a high-risk patient. A 64-year-old male with a history of hypertension, diabetes, and severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease presented with acute on chronic backache and bilateral short distance claudication. A computerized tomography scan demonstrated a large, nonleaking Crawford type III TAAA with thrombosed infrarenal component of the aneurysm...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642606/transposable-elements-in-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Kathleen H Burns
Transposable elements give rise to interspersed repeats, sequences that comprise most of our genomes. These mobile DNAs have been historically underappreciated - both because they have been presumed to be unimportant, and because their high copy number and variability pose unique technical challenges. Neither impediment now seems steadfast. Interest in the human mobilome has never been greater, and methods enabling its study are maturing at a fast pace. This Review describes the activity of transposable elements in human cancers, particularly long interspersed element-1 (LINE-1)...
July 2017: Nature Reviews. Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642217/an-interactive-mobile-based-tool-for-personal-social-network-data-collection-and-visualization-among-a-geographically-isolated-and-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-population-early-stage-feasibility-study-with-qualitative-user-feedback
#19
Katherine S Eddens, Jesse M Fagan, Tom Collins
BACKGROUND: Personal social networks have a profound impact on our health, yet collecting personal network data for use in health communication, behavior change, or translation and dissemination interventions has proved challenging. Recent advances in social network data collection software have reduced the burden of network studies on researchers and respondents alike, yet little testing has occurred to discover whether these methods are: (1) acceptable to a variety of target populations, including those who may have limited experience with technology or limited literacy; and (2) practical in the field, specifically in areas that are geographically and technologically disconnected, such as rural Appalachian Kentucky...
June 22, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642192/applications-of-3d-orbital-computer-assisted-surgery-cas
#20
Paolo Scolozzi
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the present report is to describe the indications for use of 3D orbital computer-assisted surgery (CAS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed the clinical and radiological data of all patients with orbital deformities treated using intra-operative navigation and CAD/CAM techniques at the Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève, Switzerland, between 2009 and 2016. We recorded age and gender, orbital deformity, technical and surgical procedure and postoperative complications...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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