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prevalence of anxiety disorder in ADHD

Andrew J Flannery, Aaron M Luebbe, Stephen P Becker
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have examined sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) in college students even though extant research suggests a higher prevalence rate of SCT symptoms in this population compared to general adult or youth samples. The current study examined SCT symptoms in relation to two domains related to college student's academic success, study skills and daily life executive functioning (EF), as well as specific domains of functional impairment. METHOD: 158 undergraduate students (Mage = 19...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Jenni Puurunen, Sini Sulkama, Katriina Tiira, Cesar Araujo, Marko Lehtonen, Kati Hanhineva, Hannes Lohi
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent and multifactorial neuropsychiatric disorder in the human population worldwide. Complex etiology and clinical heterogeneity have challenged the research, diagnostics and treatment of the disease. Hyperactive and impulsive behaviour has also been observed in dogs, and they could offer a physiologically relevant model for human ADHD. As a part of our ongoing study to understand the molecular etiology of canine anxiety traits, this study was aimed to pilot an approach to identify metabolic biomarkers in canine ADHD-like behaviours for research, diagnostics and treatment purposes...
September 29, 2016: Behavioral and Brain Functions: BBF
Sevim Berrin Inci, Melis Ipci, Ulkü Akyol Ardıç, Eyüp Sabri Ercan
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine the frequency of comorbid disorders in children and adolescents with ADHD in Turkey and to evaluate the distribution of comorbidities according to the subtypes of ADHD and sociodemographic features. METHOD: The sample consisted of 1,000 children, 6 to 18 years of age, including 242 females and 758 males, from Ege University who were diagnosed with ADHD. RESULTS: The overall prevalence rate of psychiatric comorbidity in the study was 56...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
Galit Halevi, Amir Djalovski, Adva Vengrober, Ruth Feldman
BACKGROUND: Although the effects of early-onset trauma on susceptibility to psychopathology are well-acknowledged, no study to date has followed risk and resilience trajectories in war-exposed young children over lengthy periods and charted predictors of individual pathways. METHOD: In this prospective longitudinal study, we followed 232 children, including 148 exposed to repeated wartime trauma and 84 controls, at three time points: early childhood (1.5-5 years), middle childhood (5-8 years), and late childhood (9-11 years)...
October 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Vickie Auclair, Philippe-Olivier Harvey, Martin Lepage
Background The international prevalence of adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is estimated at 2.5%. ADHD is associated with serious impairment in academic, occupational, social and emotional functioning. Despite the debilitating nature of this disorder, few individuals with ADHD receive appropriate help. Further, although psychopharmacology is considered the first-line treatment of adults with ADHD, it is now recognized that medication alone may be insufficient. Thus, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a promising approach...
2016: Santé Mentale Au Québec
Nerissa S Bauer, Rachel Yoder, Aaron E Carroll, Stephen M Downs
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric anxiety is prevalent but frequently underdiagnosed compared with other behavioral conditions in primary care practice. Pediatricians routinely screen for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder using the Vanderbilt Rating Scale, which includes a short screen for anxiety. We sought to examine the prevalence of potential anxiety among patients whose parents originally had concerns of disruptive behavior in a diverse setting and examine differences in anxiety across ethnic groups using the Vanderbilt ADHD Diagnostic Rating Scale (VADRS)...
October 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Sezen Seyrek, Esra Cop, Hayati Sinir, Mehmet Ugurlu, Saliha Şenel
BACKGROUND: To investigate the prevalence of internet addiction and relationship between socio-demographic characteristics, depression, anxiety, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms, and internet addiction in adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional school-based study with a representative sample of 468 students aged 12-17 years at the first trimester of education year in 2013. The students were assessed through the Young's Internet Addiction Scale, Children's Depression Inventory, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Conners Parent Rating Scale, Conners Teacher Rating Scale, Hollingshead-Redlich Scale, and the information form including characteristics of internet use, socio-economical status...
August 10, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Byung-Soo Kim, Sung Man Chang, Jee Eun Park, Su Jeong Seong, Seung Hee Won, Maeng Je Cho
We examined the prevalence, correlates, and psychiatric comorbidities of community-dwelling subjects with problematic Internet use (PIU). In an epidemiological survey of mental disorders among Korean adults conducted in 2006, 6510 subjects (aged 18-64 years) completed the Korean version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview for DSM-IV psychiatric disorders; Diagnostic Interview Schedule exploring pathological gambling; Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale-Version 1.1 Screener; questionnaire for sleep disturbances; and questionnaire for suicidal ideations, plans, and attempts...
October 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Tara McAuley, Jennifer Crosbie, Alice Charach, Russell Schachar
With increasing awareness that ADHD is chronically disabling, a burgeoning literature has examined childhood clinical indicators of ADHD persistence. This study investigates whether childhood factors reflecting biological risk and cognitive reserve have additive predictive value for the persistence of ADHD that is unique beyond childhood indicators of disorder severity. One-hundred thirty children with ADHD (mean age = 8.9 years, 75 % male) were followed into adolescence (mean age = 14.0 years). Childhood ADHD and co-morbidities were assessed via interviews with parents and teachers; parental psychopathology was assessed via parent interview; exposure to neurobiological and psychosocial adversity were indexed by parent questionnaire; and cognitive reserve was evaluated through children's performance on measures of IQ and executive functioning...
July 29, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
E Fuller-Thomson, D A Lewis, S K Agbeyaka
BACKGROUND: To develop a sociodemographic and health profile of women with self-reported attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in comparison to women without. METHODS: Chi-square tests and logistic regression analyses were conducted on data from the nationally representative Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health (2012) comparing 107 women aged 20 to 39 years (inclusive) with ADHD to 3801 without ADHD. Depression, generalized anxiety disorder and substance abuse were measured using the WHO-CIDI...
July 20, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
Dora S Wynchank, Denise Bijlenga, Femke Lamers, Tannetje I Bron, Wim H Winthorst, Suzan W Vogel, Brenda W Penninx, Aartjan T Beekman, J Sandra Kooij
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated whether the association between Adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) was mediated by the circadian rhythm. METHOD: Data of 2239 persons from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA) were used. Two groups were compared: with clinically significant ADHD symptoms (N = 175) and with No ADHD symptoms (N = 2064). Sleep parameters were sleep-onset and offset times, mid sleep and sleep duration from the Munich Chronotype Questionnaire...
October 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
J J Sandra Kooij, Marieke Michielsen, Henk Kruithof, Denise Bijlenga
INTRODUCTION: ADHD is an often heritable, neurodevelopmental disorder with a prevalence of 4-5% in children and adults and about 3% in older adults. The disorder in older adults (> 55 years) is accompanied by similar comorbidities such as anxiety and depression, and social impairment as in younger age groups. AREAS COVERED: An overview of the literature on diagnostic assessment, differential diagnosis, and treatment of older adults with ADHD is described. Case studies show that stimulant treatment is beneficial for ADHD in old age, but randomized controlled trials are lacking...
July 4, 2016: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Nooshin Parvaresh, Shahrzad Mazhari, Neda Mohamadi, Najmeh Mohamadi
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects 5% of children. In addition to pharmacotherapy, non-drug treatments such as appropriate parenting are also very important in the treatment of these children. Diagnosis and treatment of parents with psychiatric disorders and substance abuse and evaluation of the frequency of these disorders in parents is critical. METHODS: In this case-control study, 200 parents were studied. The target population included parents of 7 to 12 year-old children who referred to child and adolescent psychiatric clinics...
2016: Addiction & Health
Fadi T Maalouf, Lilian A Ghandour, Fadi Halabi, Pia Zeinoun, Al Amira Safa Shehab, Lucy Tavitian
PURPOSE: Adolescence is a critical age for the development of psychiatric disorders. Although Lebanon, a low-to-middle income country, has suffered from decades of war and political instability, the burden of psychiatric disorders among adolescents in Lebanon remains unclear. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among adolescents in the Lebanese capital, Beirut, and to study the correlates and treatment seeking behavior associated with these disorders. METHODS: Through a multistage cluster sampling design, 510 adolescents, aged 11-17 years were recruited from a household sample in Beirut in 2012...
August 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Jeffrey A Mattes
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is prevalent in prison populations, but optimal treatment recommendations in prison are uncertain. Stimulants are problematic because of the potential for abuse. This article is a review of medication options for ADHD, focusing on the α2 agonists clonidine and guanfacine, which, in their extended-release (ER) forms, are U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved for the treatment of ADHD, although they are probably less efficacious, overall, than stimulants...
June 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
Cecilie Schou Andreassen, Mark D Griffiths, Rajita Sinha, Jørn Hetland, Ståle Pallesen
Despite the many number of studies examining workaholism, large-scale studies have been lacking. The present study utilized an open web-based cross-sectional survey assessing symptoms of psychiatric disorders and workaholism among 16,426 workers (Mage = 37.3 years, SD = 11.4, range = 16-75 years). Participants were administered the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale, the Obsession-Compulsive Inventory-Revised, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the Bergen Work Addiction Scale, along with additional questions examining demographic and work-related variables...
2016: PloS One
Kristina Karlsdotter, Chris Bushe, L Hakkaart, Esther Sobanski, C C Kan, Jeremie Lebrec, Susanne Kraemer, Nicole A H M Dieteren, Walter Deberdt
OBJECTIVE: To assess the burden of illness and health care resource utilization of adult nonpsychotic psychiatric outpatients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in Europe. METHODS: This was a multicountry, cross-sectional, observational study where unselected routine patients from clinical psychiatric outpatient settings were screened and assessed for ADHD. Patients were evaluated using the Clinical Global Impressions of Severity (CGI-S) scale, the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS), and the EuroQol-5 Dimensions questionnaire...
September 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
M Batsis, U Dagalakis, C A Stratakis, T Prodanov, G Z Papadakis, K Adams, M Lodish, K Pacak
The aim of the study is to evaluate if there is an association between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma (PHEO/PGL) in pediatric patients. A case series study of 43 patients under the age of 18 with PHEO/PGL tumors who were evaluated at the National Institute of Health between January 2006 and May 2014 is reported. Prior diagnosis of ADHD and treatment course with stimulant medications was recorded. Patient symptoms, catecholamine and metanephrine levels, tumor characteristics, and genetic analyses for syndromes associated with PHEO/PGL were evaluated...
August 2016: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
Samuele Cortese, Stephen V Faraone, Silvia Bernardi, Shuai Wang, Carlos Blanco
BACKGROUND: Gaining insight into possible gender differences in the clinical presentation of adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is of relevance in order to conduct appropriate screening and treatment interventions in both genders. METHOD: The analyses compared (1) prevalence and sociodemographic correlates, (2) frequency of ADHD core symptoms, (3) rates of subtypes, (4) prevalence of comorbid mental health conditions, and (5) rates of risky/impulsive behaviors, as well as health and social correlates, in men and women with ADHD in a nationally representative, US population-based sample...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Su Jin Kim, Bongseog Kim, Young Sik Lee, Geon Ho Bahn
When in need of medical treatment, Korean citizens have a choice of practitioners of western medicine (WM) or Traditional Korean Medicine (TKM). However, the two branches frequently conflict with one another, particularly with regard to mental disorders. This study was designed to compare the utilization of WM and TKM, focusing on child/adolescent patients with mental disorders. We analyzed F-code (Mental and behavioral disorders) claims from the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service, including data from 0-18-year-old patients from 2010 to 2012...
May 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
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