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prevalence of anxiety disorder in ADHD

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918087/fatigue-in-an-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-population-a-trans-diagnostic-approach
#1
Denise C Rogers, Antonia J Dittner, Katharine A Rimes, Trudie Chalder
OBJECTIVES: Trans-diagnostic approaches suggest that key cognitive and behavioural processes maintain symptoms across a wide range of mental health disorders. Fatigue is a common clinical feature of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adulthood; however, empirical data supporting its prevalence are lacking. This study aimed to collate outcomes from outpatient services to (1) investigate the prevalence of fatigue in adults with ADHD, (2) examine symptoms of ADHD in adults with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), and (3) consider secondary clinical characteristics common to both disorder groups...
December 5, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866355/the-descriptive-epidemiology-of-dsm-iv-adult-adhd-in-the-world-health-organization-world-mental-health-surveys
#2
John Fayyad, Nancy A Sampson, Irving Hwang, Tomasz Adamowski, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Laura H S G Andrade, Guilherme Borges, Giovanni de Girolamo, Silvia Florescu, Oye Gureje, Josep Maria Haro, Chiyi Hu, Elie G Karam, Sing Lee, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Siobhan O'Neill, Beth-Ellen Pennell, Marina Piazza, José Posada-Villa, Margreet Ten Have, Yolanda Torres, Miguel Xavier, Alan M Zaslavsky, Ronald C Kessler
We previously reported on the cross-national epidemiology of ADHD from the first 10 countries in the WHO World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys. The current report expands those previous findings to the 20 nationally or regionally representative WMH surveys that have now collected data on adult ADHD. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was administered to 26,744 respondents in these surveys in high-, upper-middle-, and low-/lower-middle-income countries (68.5% mean response rate). Current DSM-IV/CIDI adult ADHD prevalence averaged 2...
November 19, 2016: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843467/comparison-of-relation-between-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-with-and-without-simple-febrile-seizure-admitted-in-arak-central-iran
#3
Bahman Salehi, Parsa Yousefichaijan, Smira Safi Arian, Somaieh Ebrahimi, Mahdyieh Naziri
OBJECTIVE: Febrile seizure is one of the most prevalent childhood convulsions with the most common age of onset at 14-18 mo old. Fever decreases the brain threshold for seizure. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is also a neurologic-behavioral problem defined by attention deficit and hyperactivity according to DSM-IV criteria in which the child must have these signs in two different environments. There is controversy on the possible relation between febrile seizure and ADHD; while some studies approve a strong relation, some exclude any relation and some attribute ADHD to the side effects of other reasons...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827406/heterogeneity-of-executive-functions-among-comorbid-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#4
Dina R Dajani, Maria M Llabre, Mary Beth Nebel, Stewart H Mostofsky, Lucina Q Uddin
Executive functions (EFs) are used to set goals, plan for the future, inhibit maladaptive responses, and change behavior flexibly. Although some studies point to specific EF profiles in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) - prevalent and often highly comorbid neurodevelopmental disorders - others have not differentiated them. The objective of the current study was to identify distinct profiles of EF across typically developing (TD) children and children with ASD and ADHD...
November 9, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813651/a-systematic-review-of-the-use-of-bupropion-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents
#5
Qin Xiang Ng
INTRODUCTION: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most prevalent neuropsychiatric disorders of childhood and adolescence. Stimulants are usually the first choice of drug; however, as many as 20% of patients do not respond to them. Stimulants may also worsen comorbid sleep, mood, and anxiety disorders, and they are associated with problems of misuse and diversion. Bupropion, a dopamine and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor, is a promising nonstimulant alternative with reports of positive outcomes for ADHD management in both adolescent and adult populations...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764528/sluggish-cognitive-tempo-is-associated-with-poorer-study-skills-more-executive-functioning-deficits-and-greater-impairment-in-college-students
#6
Andrew J Flannery, Aaron M Luebbe, Stephen P Becker
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have examined sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) in college students even though extant research suggests a higher prevalence rate of SCT symptoms in this population compared to general adult or youth samples. The current study examined SCT symptoms in relation to two domains related to college student's academic success, study skills and daily life executive functioning (EF), as well as specific domains of functional impairment. METHOD: 158 undergraduate students (Mage = 19...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686065/a-non-targeted-metabolite-profiling-pilot-study-suggests-that-tryptophan-and-lipid-metabolisms-are-linked-with-adhd-like-behaviours-in-dogs
#7
Jenni Puurunen, Sini Sulkama, Katriina Tiira, Cesar Araujo, Marko Lehtonen, Kati Hanhineva, Hannes Lohi
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent and multifactorial neuropsychiatric disorder in the human population worldwide. Complex etiology and clinical heterogeneity have challenged the research, diagnostics and treatment of the disease. Hyperactive and impulsive behaviour has also been observed in dogs, and they could offer a physiologically relevant model for human ADHD. As a part of our ongoing study to understand the molecular etiology of canine anxiety traits, this study was aimed to pilot an approach to identify metabolic biomarkers in canine ADHD-like behaviours for research, diagnostics and treatment purposes...
September 29, 2016: Behavioral and Brain Functions: BBF
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581245/psychiatric-comorbidity-and-demographic-characteristics-of-1-000-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd-in-turkey
#8
Sevim Berrin Inci, Melis Ipci, Ulkü Akyol Ardıç, Eyüp Sabri Ercan
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine the frequency of comorbid disorders in children and adolescents with ADHD in Turkey and to evaluate the distribution of comorbidities according to the subtypes of ADHD and sociodemographic features. METHOD: The sample consisted of 1,000 children, 6 to 18 years of age, including 242 females and 758 males, from Ege University who were diagnosed with ADHD. RESULTS: The overall prevalence rate of psychiatric comorbidity in the study was 56...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572904/risk-and-resilience-trajectories-in-war-exposed-children-across-the-first-decade-of-life
#9
Galit Halevi, Amir Djalovski, Adva Vengrober, Ruth Feldman
BACKGROUND: Although the effects of early-onset trauma on susceptibility to psychopathology are well-acknowledged, no study to date has followed risk and resilience trajectories in war-exposed young children over lengthy periods and charted predictors of individual pathways. METHOD: In this prospective longitudinal study, we followed 232 children, including 148 exposed to repeated wartime trauma and 84 controls, at three time points: early childhood (1.5-5 years), middle childhood (5-8 years), and late childhood (9-11 years)...
October 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570962/-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-the-treatment-of-adhd-in-adults
#10
Vickie Auclair, Philippe-Olivier Harvey, Martin Lepage
Background The international prevalence of adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is estimated at 2.5%. ADHD is associated with serious impairment in academic, occupational, social and emotional functioning. Despite the debilitating nature of this disorder, few individuals with ADHD receive appropriate help. Further, although psychopharmacology is considered the first-line treatment of adults with ADHD, it is now recognized that medication alone may be insufficient. Thus, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a promising approach...
2016: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541582/racial-ethnic-differences-in-the-prevalence-of-anxiety-using-the-vanderbilt-adhd-scale-in-a-diverse-community-outpatient-setting
#11
Nerissa S Bauer, Rachel Yoder, Aaron E Carroll, Stephen M Downs
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric anxiety is prevalent but frequently underdiagnosed compared with other behavioral conditions in primary care practice. Pediatricians routinely screen for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder using the Vanderbilt Rating Scale, which includes a short screen for anxiety. We sought to examine the prevalence of potential anxiety among patients whose parents originally had concerns of disruptive behavior in a diverse setting and examine differences in anxiety across ethnic groups using the Vanderbilt ADHD Diagnostic Rating Scale (VADRS)...
October 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507735/factors-associated-with-internet-addiction-a-cross-sectional-study-among-turkish-adolescents
#12
Sezen Seyrek, Esra Cop, Hayati Sinir, Mehmet Ugurlu, Saliha Şenel
BACKGROUND: To investigate the prevalence of internet addiction and relationship between socio-demographic characteristics, depression, anxiety, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms, and internet addiction in adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional school-based study with a representative sample of 468 students aged 12-17 years at the first trimester of education year in 2013. The students were assessed through the Young's Internet Addiction Scale, Children's Depression Inventory, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Conners Parent Rating Scale, Conners Teacher Rating Scale, Hollingshead-Redlich Scale, and the information form including characteristics of internet use, socio-economical status...
August 10, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500456/prevalence-correlates-psychiatric-comorbidities-and-suicidality-in-a-community-population-with-problematic-internet-use
#13
Byung-Soo Kim, Sung Man Chang, Jee Eun Park, Su Jeong Seong, Seung Hee Won, Maeng Je Cho
We examined the prevalence, correlates, and psychiatric comorbidities of community-dwelling subjects with problematic Internet use (PIU). In an epidemiological survey of mental disorders among Korean adults conducted in 2006, 6510 subjects (aged 18-64 years) completed the Korean version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview for DSM-IV psychiatric disorders; Diagnostic Interview Schedule exploring pathological gambling; Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale-Version 1.1 Screener; questionnaire for sleep disturbances; and questionnaire for suicidal ideations, plans, and attempts...
October 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473334/clinical-sociobiological-and-cognitive-predictors-of-adhd-persistence-in-children-followed-prospectively-over-time
#14
Tara McAuley, Jennifer Crosbie, Alice Charach, Russell Schachar
With increasing awareness that ADHD is chronically disabling, a burgeoning literature has examined childhood clinical indicators of ADHD persistence. This study investigates whether childhood factors reflecting biological risk and cognitive reserve have additive predictive value for the persistence of ADHD that is unique beyond childhood indicators of disorder severity. One-hundred thirty children with ADHD (mean age = 8.9 years, 75 % male) were followed into adolescence (mean age = 14.0 years). Childhood ADHD and co-morbidities were assessed via interviews with parents and teachers; parental psychopathology was assessed via parent interview; exposure to neurobiological and psychosocial adversity were indexed by parent questionnaire; and cognitive reserve was evaluated through children's performance on measures of IQ and executive functioning...
July 29, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439337/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-casts-a-long-shadow-findings-from-a-population-based-study-of-adult-women-with-self-reported-adhd
#15
E Fuller-Thomson, D A Lewis, S K Agbeyaka
BACKGROUND: To develop a sociodemographic and health profile of women with self-reported attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in comparison to women without. METHODS: Chi-square tests and logistic regression analyses were conducted on data from the nationally representative Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health (2012) comparing 107 women aged 20 to 39 years (inclusive) with ADHD to 3801 without ADHD. Depression, generalized anxiety disorder and substance abuse were measured using the WHO-CIDI...
July 20, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423070/adhd-circadian-rhythms-and-seasonality
#16
Dora S Wynchank, Denise Bijlenga, Femke Lamers, Tannetje I Bron, Wim H Winthorst, Suzan W Vogel, Brenda W Penninx, Aartjan T Beekman, J Sandra Kooij
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated whether the association between Adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) was mediated by the circadian rhythm. METHOD: Data of 2239 persons from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA) were used. Two groups were compared: with clinically significant ADHD symptoms (N = 175) and with No ADHD symptoms (N = 2064). Sleep parameters were sleep-onset and offset times, mid sleep and sleep duration from the Munich Chronotype Questionnaire...
October 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27334252/adhd-in-old-age-a-review-of-the-literature-and-proposal-for-assessment-and-treatment
#17
J J Sandra Kooij, Marieke Michielsen, Henk Kruithof, Denise Bijlenga
INTRODUCTION: ADHD is an often heritable, neurodevelopmental disorder with a prevalence of 4-5% in children and adults and about 3% in older adults. The disorder in older adults (> 55 years) is accompanied by similar comorbidities such as anxiety and depression, and social impairment as in younger age groups. AREAS COVERED: An overview of the literature on diagnostic assessment, differential diagnosis, and treatment of older adults with ADHD is described. Case studies show that stimulant treatment is beneficial for ADHD in old age, but randomized controlled trials are lacking...
July 4, 2016: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274792/evaluation-of-the-prevalence-of-drug-abuse-and-smoking-in-parents-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#18
Nooshin Parvaresh, Shahrzad Mazhari, Neda Mohamadi, Najmeh Mohamadi
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects 5% of children. In addition to pharmacotherapy, non-drug treatments such as appropriate parenting are also very important in the treatment of these children. Diagnosis and treatment of parents with psychiatric disorders and substance abuse and evaluation of the frequency of these disorders in parents is critical. METHODS: In this case-control study, 200 parents were studied. The target population included parents of 7 to 12 year-old children who referred to child and adolescent psychiatric clinics...
2016: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27246607/psychiatric-disorders-among-adolescents-from-lebanon-prevalence-correlates-and-treatment-gap
#19
Fadi T Maalouf, Lilian A Ghandour, Fadi Halabi, Pia Zeinoun, Al Amira Safa Shehab, Lucy Tavitian
PURPOSE: Adolescence is a critical age for the development of psychiatric disorders. Although Lebanon, a low-to-middle income country, has suffered from decades of war and political instability, the burden of psychiatric disorders among adolescents in Lebanon remains unclear. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among adolescents in the Lebanese capital, Beirut, and to study the correlates and treatment seeking behavior associated with these disorders. METHODS: Through a multistage cluster sampling design, 510 adolescents, aged 11-17 years were recruited from a household sample in Beirut in 2012...
August 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27236168/treating-adhd-in-prison-focus-on-alpha-2-agonists-clonidine-and-guanfacine
#20
Jeffrey A Mattes
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is prevalent in prison populations, but optimal treatment recommendations in prison are uncertain. Stimulants are problematic because of the potential for abuse. This article is a review of medication options for ADHD, focusing on the α2 agonists clonidine and guanfacine, which, in their extended-release (ER) forms, are U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved for the treatment of ADHD, although they are probably less efficacious, overall, than stimulants...
June 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
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