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prevalence of anxiety disorder in ADHD

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882460/sickness-absence-recommendation-among-outpatients-with-adhd-and-comorbidity-a-latent-class-analysis
#1
Aikatarini Trantou, Hanne K Carlsen, Christina Anderson, Steinn Steingrimsson
OBJECTIVE: Determine sickness absence recommendation (SAR) prevalence for treatment-seeking patients with ADHD depending on comorbidity. METHOD: Population-based patient chart review of ADHD outpatients aged 19 to 29 years. The outcome, SAR, included both available financial benefit forms; activity compensation and sickness benefit. Latent class analyses (LCA) of demography and psychiatric comorbidities were performed both with and without SAR as an outcome variable...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845681/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-and-suicidal-behavior-in-adult-psychiatric-outpatients
#2
Andrew Stickley, Hisateru Tachimori, Yosuke Inoue, Takahiro Shinkai, Reiji Yoshimura, Jun Nakamura, Gihei Morita, Shigeki Nishii, Yuki Tokutsu, Yuka Otsuka, Kazuteru Egashira, Miyuki Inoue, Takamitsu Kubo, Hirofumi Tesen, Naoyuki Takashima, Hirotaka Tominaga, Ai Koyanagi, Yoko Kamio
AIMS: To examine the association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and suicidal behavior in psychiatric outpatients and whether this association differs among patients with different psychiatric disorders. METHODS: Cross-sectional data came from the Japan Prevalence Study of Adult ADHD at Psychiatric Outpatient Care (the J-PAAP study) which included psychiatric outpatients aged 18-65 years recruited from one university hospital and three general psychiatric outpatient clinics in Kitakyushu City, Fukuoka, Japan in April 2014 to January 2015 (N=864)...
May 29, 2018: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778712/validation-reliability-and-specificity-of-clinicom%C3%A2-psychiatric-assessment-software
#3
Nelson Handal, James LePage, Philip Dayley, Barbara Baldwin, Amellia Roeser, Joni Kay, Heather Ann Theobald, Michael Nellamattathil, Scott Drotar, Connor Weir, Neil Tindell, Kevin Tice
The purpose of this study was to determine the specificity and reproducibility of CliniCom™ Psychiatric Assessment Software to appropriately diagnose five prevalent mental health disorders. This online assessment tool incorporates proprietary algorithms for its propensity assessment. Unlike other questionnaires, which require a survey per specific mental disorder, CliniCom can simultaneously assess multiple mental disorders for an individual. CliniCom was concordant with other commonly used assessment tools in diagnosing five prevalent disorders including: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, and Social Phobia...
May 12, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765219/estimated-prevalence-and-incidence-of-diagnosed-adhd-and-health-care-utilization-in-adults-in-sweden-a-longitudinal-population-based-register-study
#4
Maria Polyzoi, Ewa Ahnemark, Emma Medin, Ylva Ginsberg
Background: Although the worldwide prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults is estimated to be between 2% and 5%, it is considered to be underdiagnosed. This register study explored the prevalence of diagnosed ADHD and incidence of newly diagnosed ADHD in Swedish adults over time, and assessed comorbidities and pharmacologic treatment. Methods: National Patient Register data were used to estimate the overall prevalence of adults (≥18 years) with a registered ADHD diagnosis from 2006 to 2011, and the incidence of newly registered diagnoses from 2007 to 2011...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763648/autism-spectrum-disorder-classification-diagnosis-and-therapy
#5
REVIEW
Samata R Sharma, Xenia Gonda, Frank I Tarazi
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) refers to a group of neurodevelopmental disorders including autism, Asperger's syndrome (AS) and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). The new diagnostic criteria of ASD focuses on two core domains: social communication impairment and restricted interests/repetitive behaviors. The prevalence of ASD has been steadily increasing over the past two decades, with current estimates reaching up to 1 in 36 children. Hereditary factors, parental history of psychiatric disorders, pre-term births, and fetal exposure to psychotropic drugs or insecticides have all been linked to higher risk of ASD...
May 12, 2018: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648599/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-is-associated-with-adverse-mental-health-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes
#6
Thomas R Berni, Christopher L Morgan, Ellen R Berni, D Aled Rees
Context: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is characterized by hyperandrogenism and subfertility, but the effects on mental health and child neurodevelopment are unclear. Objectives: To determine if (1) there is an association between PCOS and psychiatric outcomes and (2) whether rates of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are higher in children of mothers with PCOS. Design: Data were extracted from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555131/sleep-in-a-large-multi-university-sample-of-college-students-sleep-problem-prevalence-sex-differences-and-mental-health-correlates
#7
Stephen P Becker, Matthew A Jarrett, Aaron M Luebbe, Annie A Garner, G Leonard Burns, Michael J Kofler
OBJECTIVES: To (1) describe sleep problems in a large, multi-university sample of college students; (2) evaluate sex differences; and (3) examine the unique associations of mental health symptoms (i.e., anxiety, depression, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder inattention [ADHD-IN], ADHD hyperactivity-impulsivity [ADHD-HI]) in relation to sleep problems. METHODS: 7,626 students (70% female; 81% White) ages 18-29 years (M=19.14, SD=1.42) from six universities completed measures assessing mental health symptoms and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
April 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550775/nineteen-and-up-study-19up-understanding-pathways-to-mental-health-disorders-in-young-australian-twins
#8
Baptiste Couvy-Duchesne, Victoria O'Callaghan, Richard Parker, Natalie Mills, Katherine M Kirk, Jan Scott, Anna Vinkhuyzen, Daniel F Hermens, Penelope A Lind, Tracey A Davenport, Jane M Burns, Melissa Connell, Brendan P Zietsch, James Scott, Margaret J Wright, Sarah E Medland, John McGrath, Nicholas G Martin, Ian B Hickie, Nathan A Gillespie
PURPOSE: The Nineteen and Up study (19Up) assessed a range of mental health and behavioural problems and associated risk factors in a genetically informative Australian cohort of young adult twins and their non-twin siblings. As such, 19Up enables detailed investigation of genetic and environmental pathways to mental illness and substance misuse within the Brisbane Longitudinal Twin Sample (BLTS). PARTICIPANTS: Twins and their non-twin siblings from Queensland, Australia; mostly from European ancestry...
March 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490380/-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-in-adult-psychiatry-data-on-12-month-prevalence-risk-factors-and-comorbidity
#9
Matthias Miesch, Arno Deister
AIMS AND METHODS: To examine the 12-month prevalence, risk factors, and comorbidity of ADHD in a collective of adult psychiatric patients admitted to an open general ward in a psychiatric hospital in Schleswig-Holstein (Germany) over a period of one year (n = 166). RESULTS: The 12 months prevalence of ADHD was 59.0 % (severe symptomatology: 33.1 %), high rates of comorbid disorders (92.9 % depression, 5.1 % bipolar disorder, 28.6 % anxiety disorder, 30...
February 28, 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488416/neurodevelopmental-disorders-prevalence-and-comorbidity-in-children-referred-to-mental-health-services
#10
Berit Hjelde Hansen, Beate Oerbeck, Benedicte Skirbekk, Beáta Éva Petrovski, Hanne Kristensen
BACKGROUND: Accurate prevalence rates of the neurodevelopmental disorders (ND) and comorbid conditions in child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) are essential for treatment planning and organization of health care. However, valid and reliable prevalence estimates from Nordic CAMHS populations are scarce, and the published findings vary. AIMS: To report prevalence rates of ND (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: ADHD, tic disorder: TD or autism spectrum disorder: ASD) and comorbid disorders by a validated diagnostic instrument in children referred to CAMHS outpatient clinics...
February 28, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444606/the-links-between-healthy-problematic-and-addicted-internet-use-regarding-comorbidities-and-self-concept-related-characteristics
#11
Tagrid Leménager, Sabine Hoffmann, Julia Dieter, Iris Reinhard, Karl Mann, Falk Kiefer
Background Addicted Internet users present with higher rates of comorbidities, e.g., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), depressive, and anxiety disorders. In addition, deficits in self-concept-related characteristics were found in addicted Internet gamers and social network users. The aim of this study was to examine the links between healthy, problematic, and addicted Internet use regarding comorbidities and self-concept-related characteristics. The association between recently developed ADHD-like symptoms without an underlying diagnosis and addictive Internet use was also examined...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433607/developmental-coordination-disorder-psychopathology-and-iq-in-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#12
Adam C Cunningham, Sue Delport, Wendy Cumines, Monica Busse, David E J Linden, Jeremy Hall, Michael J Owen, Marianne B M van den Bree
BACKGROUND: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is associated with high rates of neurodevelopmental disorder, however, the links between developmental coordination disorder (DCD), intellectual function and psychiatric disorder remain unexplored. Aims To establish the prevalence of indicative DCD in children with 22q11.2DS and examine associations with IQ, neurocognition and psychopathology. METHOD: Neurocognitive assessments and psychiatric interviews of 70 children with 22q11...
January 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344341/treatment-of-adult-adhd-a-clinical-perspective
#13
REVIEW
Josh Geffen, Kieran Forster
Adult attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has moved from the blurred edge of clinical focus to clear recognition as a prevalent and significant disorder in its own right. It is a relatively common comorbidity which if identified and treated may open the door to better outcomes for hard-to-treat patients. Conversely, failure to identify and treat adult ADHD is linked to negative outcomes. The recognition of the importance of adult ADHD in a subset of our patients challenges us to overcome our anxiety about this diagnosis and prevent the societal marginalization of vulnerable patients...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343228/problematic-internet-use-and-psychiatric-co-morbidity-in-a-population-of-japanese-adult-psychiatric-patients
#14
Hille T de Vries, Takashi Nakamae, Kenji Fukui, Damiaan Denys, Jin Narumoto
BACKGROUND: Many studies reported the high prevalence of problematic internet use (PIU) among adolescents (13-50%), and PIU was associated with various psychiatric symptoms. In contrast, only a few studies investigated the prevalence among the adult population (6%). This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of PIU and psychiatric co-morbidity among adult psychiatric patients. METHODS: Three hundred thirty-three adult psychiatric patients were recruited over a 3-month period...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332109/prevalence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-comorbid-psychiatric-and-behavioral-problems-among-primary-school-students-in-western-saudi-arabia
#15
Faten N AlZaben, Mohammad G Sehlo, Waleed A Alghamdi, Haythum O Tayeb, Doaa A Khalifa, Abdulrahman T Mira, Abdulaziz M Alshuaibi, Mosab A Alguthmi, Ahmad A Derham, Harold G Koenig
To determine the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), subtypes of ADHD, and psychiatric, academic, and behavioral comorbidity in public primary school students in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.  Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. A simple random sample of 6 primary government schools in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, was identified (3 male, 3 female), and a random sample of classes in each of grades 1-6 were selected. Between July and November 2016, teachers in these classes were asked to complete the Vanderbilt ADHD scale on all students in their classes...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280392/comorbidity-of-internet-use-disorder-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-two-adult-case-control-studies
#16
Martin Bielefeld, Marion Drews, Inken Putzig, Laura Bottel, Toni Steinbüchel, Jan Dieris-Hirche, Gregor R Szycik, Astrid Müller, Mandy Roy, Martin Ohlmeier, Bert Theodor Te Wildt
Objectives There is good scientific evidence that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is both a predictor and a comorbidity of addictive disorders in adulthood. These associations not only focus on substance-related addictions but also on behavioral addictions like gambling disorder and Internet use disorder (IUD). For IUD, systematic reviews have identified ADHD as one of the most prevalent comorbidities besides depressive and anxiety disorders. Yet, there is a need to further understand the connections between both disorders to derive implications for specific treatment and prevention...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188907/prescribing-patterns-in-a-psychiatrically-referred-sample-of-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
Julia Shekunov, Janet Wozniak, Kristina Conroy, Elizabeth Pinsky, Maura Fitzgerald, Melissa F de Leon, Abigail Belser, Joseph Biederman, Gagan Joshi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the pattern of psychopharmacologic interventions in a psychiatrically referred sample of youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: This retrospective chart review aimed at collecting demographic and clinical information, including data on DSM-IV-TR criteria-based psychiatric disorders and related current medication treatment and response. Data were collected in December 2011. Clinicians identified the target disorder for each medication and any adverse events...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169978/-prevalence-of-neurodevelopmental-behavioural-and-learning-disorders-in-pediatric-primary-care
#18
Marta Carballal Mariño, Ana Gago Ageitos, Josefa Ares Alvarez, Mercedes Del Rio Garma, Clara García Cendón, Ana Goicoechea Castaño, Josefina Pena Nieto
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in primary care pediatrics in Atlantic Galicia. METHODS: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional prevalence study was carried out in 9 outpatient clinics in A Coruña and Pontevedra with a population of 8293 children between September and November 2015. A total of 1286 randomly selected patients from 0 to 14 years of age were included. From the medical history was registered: age, sex, psychiatric diagnosis established by DSM-IV-TR criteria in its five axes, professionals who participated in the diagnosis and treatment of the process and what type of treatment was received...
November 20, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169199/-internet-addiction-suicidality-and-non-suicidal-self-harming-behavior-a-systematic-review
#19
Toni Andreas Steinbüchel, Stephan Herpertz, Ina Külpmann, Aram Kehyayan, Jan Dieris-Hirche, Bert Theodor Te Wildt
Background Internet addiction (IA) is associated with a high rate of co-morbid mental disorders, especially depression, anxiety disorders, ADHD and personality disorders and a considerable level of psychological strain. In terms of risk assessment, the present work investigates the current research literature on suicidal behavior and non-suicidal self-injurious behavior (NSSI). Methods We performed a systematic literature search in 14 databases on title and abstract level for the most common keywords for IA, NSSI and suicidality...
November 23, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061363/impact-of-developmental-exposure-to-methylphenidate-on-rat-brain-s-immune-privilege-and-behavior-control-versus-adhd-model
#20
Vanessa Coelho-Santos, Filipa L Cardoso, Ricardo A Leitão, Carlos A Fontes-Ribeiro, Ana Paula Silva
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most prevalent childhood mental disorders that often persists into adulthood. Moreover, methylphenidate (MPH) is the mainstay of medical treatment for this disorder. Yet, not much is known about the neurobiological impact of MPH on control versus ADHD conditions, which is crucial to simultaneously clarify the misuse/abuse versus therapeutic use of this psychostimulant. In the present study, we applied biochemical and behavioral approaches to broadly explore the early-life chronic exposure of two different doses of MPH (1...
February 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
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