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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444606/the-links-between-healthy-problematic-and-addicted-internet-use-regarding-comorbidities-and-self-concept-related-characteristics
#1
Tagrid Leménager, Sabine Hoffmann, Julia Dieter, Iris Reinhard, Karl Mann, Falk Kiefer
Background Addicted Internet users present with higher rates of comorbidities, e.g., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), depressive, and anxiety disorders. In addition, deficits in self-concept-related characteristics were found in addicted Internet gamers and social network users. The aim of this study was to examine the links between healthy, problematic, and addicted Internet use regarding comorbidities and self-concept-related characteristics. The association between recently developed ADHD-like symptoms without an underlying diagnosis and addictive Internet use was also examined...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433607/developmental-coordination-disorder-psychopathology-and-iq-in-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#2
Adam C Cunningham, Sue Delport, Wendy Cumines, Monica Busse, David E J Linden, Jeremy Hall, Michael J Owen, Marianne B M van den Bree
BACKGROUND: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is associated with high rates of neurodevelopmental disorder, however, the links between developmental coordination disorder (DCD), intellectual function and psychiatric disorder remain unexplored. Aims To establish the prevalence of indicative DCD in children with 22q11.2DS and examine associations with IQ, neurocognition and psychopathology. METHOD: Neurocognitive assessments and psychiatric interviews of 70 children with 22q11...
January 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344341/treatment-of-adult-adhd-a-clinical-perspective
#3
REVIEW
Josh Geffen, Kieran Forster
Adult attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has moved from the blurred edge of clinical focus to clear recognition as a prevalent and significant disorder in its own right. It is a relatively common comorbidity which if identified and treated may open the door to better outcomes for hard-to-treat patients. Conversely, failure to identify and treat adult ADHD is linked to negative outcomes. The recognition of the importance of adult ADHD in a subset of our patients challenges us to overcome our anxiety about this diagnosis and prevent the societal marginalization of vulnerable patients...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343228/problematic-internet-use-and-psychiatric-co-morbidity-in-a-population-of-japanese-adult-psychiatric-patients
#4
Hille T de Vries, Takashi Nakamae, Kenji Fukui, Damiaan Denys, Jin Narumoto
BACKGROUND: Many studies reported the high prevalence of problematic internet use (PIU) among adolescents (13-50%), and PIU was associated with various psychiatric symptoms. In contrast, only a few studies investigated the prevalence among the adult population (6%). This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of PIU and psychiatric co-morbidity among adult psychiatric patients. METHODS: Three hundred thirty-three adult psychiatric patients were recruited over a 3-month period...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332109/prevalence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-comorbid-psychiatric-and-behavioral-problems-among-primary-school-students-in-western-saudi-arabia
#5
Faten N AlZaben, Mohammad G Sehlo, Waleed A Alghamdi, Haythum O Tayeb, Doaa A Khalifa, Abdulrahman T Mira, Abdulaziz M Alshuaibi, Mosab A Alguthmi, Ahmad A Derham, Harold G Koenig
To determine the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), subtypes of ADHD, and psychiatric, academic, and behavioral comorbidity in public primary school students in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.  Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. A simple random sample of 6 primary government schools in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, was identified (3 male, 3 female), and a random sample of classes in each of grades 1-6 were selected. Between July and November 2016, teachers in these classes were asked to complete the Vanderbilt ADHD scale on all students in their classes...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280392/comorbidity-of-internet-use-disorder-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-two-adult-case-control-studies
#6
Martin Bielefeld, Marion Drews, Inken Putzig, Laura Bottel, Toni Steinbüchel, Jan Dieris-Hirche, Gregor R Szycik, Astrid Müller, Mandy Roy, Martin Ohlmeier, Bert Theodor Te Wildt
Objectives There is good scientific evidence that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is both a predictor and a comorbidity of addictive disorders in adulthood. These associations not only focus on substance-related addictions but also on behavioral addictions like gambling disorder and Internet use disorder (IUD). For IUD, systematic reviews have identified ADHD as one of the most prevalent comorbidities besides depressive and anxiety disorders. Yet, there is a need to further understand the connections between both disorders to derive implications for specific treatment and prevention...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188907/prescribing-patterns-in-a-psychiatrically-referred-sample-of-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Julia Shekunov, Janet Wozniak, Kristina Conroy, Elizabeth Pinsky, Maura Fitzgerald, Melissa F de Leon, Abigail Belser, Joseph Biederman, Gagan Joshi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the pattern of psychopharmacologic interventions in a psychiatrically referred sample of youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: This retrospective chart review aimed at collecting demographic and clinical information, including data on DSM-IV-TR criteria-based psychiatric disorders and related current medication treatment and response. Data were collected in December 2011. Clinicians identified the target disorder for each medication and any adverse events...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169978/-prevalence-of-neurodevelopmental-behavioural-and-learning-disorders-in-pediatric-primary-care
#8
Marta Carballal Mariño, Ana Gago Ageitos, Josefa Ares Alvarez, Mercedes Del Rio Garma, Clara García Cendón, Ana Goicoechea Castaño, Josefina Pena Nieto
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in primary care pediatrics in Atlantic Galicia. METHODS: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional prevalence study was carried out in 9 outpatient clinics in A Coruña and Pontevedra with a population of 8293 children between September and November 2015. A total of 1286 randomly selected patients from 0 to 14 years of age were included. From the medical history was registered: age, sex, psychiatric diagnosis established by DSM-IV-TR criteria in its five axes, professionals who participated in the diagnosis and treatment of the process and what type of treatment was received...
November 20, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169199/-internet-addiction-suicidality-and-non-suicidal-self-harming-behavior-a-systematic-review
#9
Toni Andreas Steinbüchel, Stephan Herpertz, Ina Külpmann, Aram Kehyayan, Jan Dieris-Hirche, Bert Theodor Te Wildt
Background Internet addiction (IA) is associated with a high rate of co-morbid mental disorders, especially depression, anxiety disorders, ADHD and personality disorders and a considerable level of psychological strain. In terms of risk assessment, the present work investigates the current research literature on suicidal behavior and non-suicidal self-injurious behavior (NSSI). Methods We performed a systematic literature search in 14 databases on title and abstract level for the most common keywords for IA, NSSI and suicidality...
November 23, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061363/impact-of-developmental-exposure-to-methylphenidate-on-rat-brain-s-immune-privilege-and-behavior-control-versus-adhd-model
#10
Vanessa Coelho-Santos, Filipa L Cardoso, Ricardo A Leitão, Carlos A Fontes-Ribeiro, Ana Paula Silva
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most prevalent childhood mental disorders that often persists into adulthood. Moreover, methylphenidate (MPH) is the mainstay of medical treatment for this disorder. Yet, not much is known about the neurobiological impact of MPH on control versus ADHD conditions, which is crucial to simultaneously clarify the misuse/abuse versus therapeutic use of this psychostimulant. In the present study, we applied biochemical and behavioral approaches to broadly explore the early-life chronic exposure of two different doses of MPH (1...
October 20, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037749/psychopathological-features-in-noonan-syndrome
#11
Francesca Perrino, Serena Licchelli, Giulia Serra, Giorgia Piccini, Cristina Caciolo, Patrizio Pasqualetti, Flavia Cirillo, Chiara Leoni, Maria Cristina Digilio, Giuseppe Zampino, Marco Tartaglia, Paolo Alfieri, Stefano Vicari
INTRODUCTION: Noonan syndrome (NS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by short stature, skeletal and haematological/lymphatic defects, distinctive facies, cryptorchidism, and a wide spectrum of congenital heart defects. Recurrent features also include variable cognitive deficits and behavioural problems. Recent research has been focused on the assessment of prevalence, age of onset and characterization of psychiatric features in this disorder. Herein, we evaluated the prevalence of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety and depressive symptoms and syndromes in a cohort of individuals with clinical and molecular diagnosis of NS...
January 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936622/prevalence-of-psychopathology-in-bipolar-high-risk-offspring-and-siblings-a-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Phoebe Lau, David J Hawes, Caroline Hunt, Andrew Frankland, Gloria Roberts, Philip B Mitchell
This meta-analysis aimed to update existing data on the comparison of prevalence rates of psychopathology primarily among offspring with at least one parent with bipolar disorder (BD) and offspring of parents without psychiatric illness. Seventeen studies were derived from a systematic search of PsychInfo, Medline, Scopus and Embase. Inclusion criteria were use of a control offspring group, standardized diagnostic procedures and reporting of clear frequency data. Risk of psychopathology was estimated by aggregating frequency data from selected studies...
September 21, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867260/screening-for-adhd-in-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis-prevalence-health-related-quality-of-life-and-adherence
#13
Anna M Georgiopoulos, Deborah Friedman, Elizabeth A Porter, Amy Krasner, Sheetal P Kakarala, Breanna K Glaeser, Siena C Napoleon, Janet Wozniak
BACKGROUND: International guidelines recommend depression and anxiety screening in individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF), but Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) remains understudied. METHODS: Adults with CF (n=53) were screened using the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale-v1.1 Symptom Checklist (ASRS-v1.1), Cystic Fibrosis Questionnaire-Revised (CFQ-R), and a self-report measure of treatment adherence. RESULTS: Elevated ADHD symptoms on the ASRS-v1...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857804/social-responsiveness-scale-assessment-of-the-preterm-behavioral-phenotype-in-10-year-olds-born-extremely-preterm
#14
Steven J Korzeniewski, Robert M Joseph, So Hyun Kim, Elizabeth N Allred, T Michael OʼShea, Alan Leviton, Karl C K Kuban
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlates of a clinically significant high score on the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) in 10-year-old children who were born extremely preterm and who did not meet criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: After excluding 61 participants diagnosed with ASD, we grouped children by IQ < or ≥85 and then compared the prevalence of neurocognitive and other deficits between those who had SRS total and component scores ≥65 and their peers who had lower scores...
November 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832748/prevalence-clinical-correlates-and-maternal-psychopathology-of-deliberate-self-harm-in-children-and-early-adolescents-results-from-a-large-community-study
#15
André R Simioni, Pedro M Pan, Ary Gadelha, Gisele G Manfro, Jair J Mari, Eurípedes C Miguel, Luis A Rohde, Giovanni A Salum
Objectives: Little is known about the prevalence and correlates of deliberate self-harm (DSH) in children from low- and middle-income countries. We investigated the prevalence of DSH and its clinical and maternal psychopathological associations in Brazilian children (n=2,508, ages 6-14y) in a community-based study. Methods: Participants of the High Risk Cohort Study for the Development of Childhood Psychiatric Disorders (HRC) and their mothers were assessed in structured interviews...
August 21, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830387/adult-adhd-and-comorbid-disorders-clinical-implications-of-a-dimensional-approach
#16
REVIEW
Martin A Katzman, Timothy S Bilkey, Pratap R Chokka, Angelo Fallu, Larry J Klassen
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the adult population is frequently associated with comorbid psychiatric diseases that complicate its recognition, diagnosis and management.The prevalence of ADHD in the general adult population is 2.5% and it is associated with substantial personal and individual burden. The most frequent comorbid psychopathologies include mood and anxiety disorders, substance use disorders, and personality disorders. There are strong familial links and neurobiological similarities between ADHD and the various associated psychiatric comorbidities...
August 22, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689312/sleep-chronotype-and-sleep-hygiene-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-controls
#17
K B van der Heijden, R J Stoffelsen, A Popma, H Swaab
Sleep problems are highly prevalent in ADHD and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Better insight in the etiology is of clinical importance since intervention and prevention strategies of sleep problems are directed at underlying mechanisms. We evaluated the association of sleep problems and sleep patterns with sleep hygiene (behavioral/environmental practices that influence sleep quality, e.g. caffeine use), access to electronic media, chronotype, and anxiety/depression in children aged 6-12 years with ADHD, ASD, or typical development (TD) using parental questionnaires...
July 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666429/common-adult-psychiatric-disorders-in-swedish-primary-care-where-most-mental-health-patients-are-treated
#18
Jan Sundquist, Henrik Ohlsson, Kristina Sundquist, Kenneth S Kendler
BACKGROUND: The overall aim of this study is to present descriptive data regarding the treated prevalence of nine common psychiatric and substance use disorders in the first Primary Care Registry (PCR) in Sweden: Major Depression (MD), Anxiety Disorders (AD), Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Adjustment Disorder (AdjD), Eating Disorders (ED), Personality Disorder (PD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) and Drug Abuse (DA). METHOD: We selected 5,397,675 individuals aged ≥18...
June 30, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633999/characteristics-of-a-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-sample-recruited-using-amazon-s-mechanical-turk
#19
John Bernstein, Matthew Calamia
BACKGROUND: Several barriers exist in the recruitment of individuals with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). The current study is the first to examine whether crowdsourcing, which has been used in other clinical populations, is useful in the recruitment of those with mTBI. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk), an online crowdsourcing platform, is a useful tool in the recruitment of individuals with a history of mTBI and to examine the injury and psychological characteristics of individuals who report a history of mTBI...
June 19, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572731/understanding-the-associations-between-psychosocial-factors-and-severity-of-crime-in-juvenile-delinquency-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Sarper Taşkıran, Tuba Mutluer, Ali Evren Tufan, Bengi Semerci
PURPOSE: Juvenile delinquency is a serious and common problem. To date, several studies have focused on possible psychosocial risk factors for delinquency among youths and on the implications of childhood mental illness on child criminality. However, the literature on prevalence of psychopathology and predictors of crime severity among delinquent youths in Turkey is sparse. Therefore, the aim of this study was to show the associations between crime severity and psychosocial factors such as gender, age, criminal history, concomitant attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and other comorbid psychiatric conditions, along with behavioral problem domains of Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
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