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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062472/is-having-a-family-member-with-chronic-health-concerns-bad-for-young-people-s-health-cross-sectional-evidence-from-a-national-survey-of-young-australians
#1
Anna K Moffat, Gerry Redmond
OBJECTIVES: Young people's perspectives on the association between having a family member with a chronic health concern (FHC) and their own health are under-researched. This study used young people's reports to assess the prevalence of FHCs and their association with negative health outcomes, with an aim of identifying potential inequalities between marginalised and non-marginalised young people. Family cohesion was examined as a moderating factor. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from the Australian Child Wellbeing Project survey were used...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058729/role-of-the-attachment-style-in-determining-the-association-between-headache-features-and-psychological-symptoms-in-migraine-children-and-adolescents-an-analytical-observational-case-control-study
#2
Samuela Tarantino, Cristiana De Ranieri, Cecilia Dionisi, Valentina Gagliardi, Maria Francesca Paniccia, Alessandro Capuano, Roberto Frusciante, Martina Balestri, Federico Vigevano, Simonetta Gentile, Massimiliano Valeriani
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study the role of attachment style on headache severity and psychological symptoms in migraineurs children/adolescents. Moreover, we investigated the association between attachment style, migraine severity, and psychological symptoms. BACKGROUND: Attachment theory suggests that early interpersonal relationships may be important determinants of psychopathology and pain management. In particular, individuals with insecure attachment styles have been shown to experience more pain than people with secure attachment style...
January 6, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035316/primary-pediatric-mid-brain-lymphoma-report-of-a-rare-pediatric-tumor-in-a-rare-location
#3
Rony Benson, Supriya Mallick, Suvendu Purkait, Vaishali Suri, K P Haresh, Subhash Gupta, Dayanand Sharma, Pramod Kumar Julka, Goura Kishore Rath
Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare disease in pediatric age group. A thirteen-year-old male child presented with complaints of headache for six months, vomiting and diplopia for three days. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed a single lesion of 1.7 cm × 1.6 cm × 1.6 cm in the mid brain and tectum. He underwent a gross total resection of the tumor. The histopathological evaluation revealed B cell high grade non Hodgkin lymphoma. The patient was treated with High dose methotrexate and cranio spinal radiation...
December 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999716/primary-cerebral-echinoccocosis-in-a-child-case-report-surgical-technique-technical-pitfalls-and-video-atlas
#4
Ahmed M A Altibi, Raed A H Qarajeh, Telmo A B Belsuzarri, Walid Maani, Tareq M A Kanaan
BACKGROUND: Hydatid disease is a life-threatening parasitic infestation caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Infection with E. granulosus typically results in the formation of hydatid cysts in the liver, lungs, kidney, and spleen. Primary intracranial hydatid cyst disease is extremely rare. Here, we are reporting an unusual case of Echinococcus, where the only identifiable lesion was a hydatid cyst in the brain without liver or lung involvement. We are also providing a description for the surgical technique used to remove the cyst, highlighting the possible surgical pitfalls...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993821/sturge-weber-syndrome-type-3-manifesting-as-status-migrainosus
#5
Philip Richard Jordan, Mehtab Iqbal, Manish Prasad
Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a rare neurocutaneous syndrome characterised by facial naevus and leptomeningeal angiomatosis resulting in neurological and ophthalmological complications. In its rare variant, SWS type 3, the clinical hallmark of facial naevus is absent which poses a diagnostic challenge. Here, we present an interesting case of SWS type 3 where a child presented twice with prolonged severe unilateral headache mimicking migraine status followed on both occasions with focal seizures. He developed a dense right-sided homonymous hemianopia, and an urgent brain MRI scan was performed which pointed towards the diagnosis of SWS type 3...
December 19, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989329/nonpharmacologic-treatment-of-pain
#6
REVIEW
Anna Monica Agoston, Christine B Sieberg
Pain is a complex biopsychosocial experience that is influenced by neurological processes and psychosocial factors. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials of psychological interventions have demonstrated evidence for psychological approaches in treating procedural pain and multiple types of chronic pain, including headaches, abdominal pain, and musculoskeletal pain. This article is directed toward clinicians and would provide an overview of cognitive-behavioral therapy, including specific cognitive-behavioral techniques for pediatric pain...
August 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942481/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-after-intrathecal-methotrexate-infusion-a-case-report-and-literature-update
#7
Efterpi Pavlidou, Evangelos Pavlou, Athanasia Anastasiou, Zoi Pana, Vasiliki Tsotoulidou, Maria Kinali, Emmanuel Hatzipantelis
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a rare clinical-radiological entity characterised by seizures, severe headache, mental status instability and visual disturbances. Hypertension is typically present. We report a case of a 13-year old boy with Burkitt lymphoma/leukaemia, who presented with posterior leukoencephalopathy 24 hours after intrathecal methotrexate (MTX) infusion. The child presented with headache, seizures, elevated blood pressure and gradual deterioration of his neurological status...
October 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923222/pediatric-primary-diffuse-leptomeningeal-primitive-neuroectodermal-tumor-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Jesna Mathew Sublett, Caitlin Davenport, Howard Eisenbrock, Shamsher Dalal, Syed A Jaffar Kazmi, Amir Kershenovich
BACKGROUND: Primary diffuse leptomeningeal primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PDL PNET) is extremely rare, with only 19 cases reported in the literature to date. We present a case of a child with rapidly progressive PDL PNET and a literature review. A 10-year-old boy presented with mood lability, hallucinations, generalized pain, enuresis, and headaches. Initial investigation failed to produce a diagnosis. The symptoms progressed to seizure, back pain, and papilledema. Imaging showed acute hydrocephalus and mild diffuse leptomeningeal enhancement without an identifiable primary lesion...
7, 2016: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918377/utility-of-emergency-department-observation-units-for-neurologically-intact-children-with-head-ct-abnormalities-secondary-to-acute-closed-head-injury
#9
Roxanna Lefort, Jill V Hunter, Andrea T Cruz, A Chantal Caviness, Thomas G Luerssen, Aderonke Adekunle-Ojo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the utility of the emergency department observation unit (EDOU) for neurologically intact children with closed head injuries (CHIs) and computed tomography (CT) abnormalities. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of children aged 0 to 18 years with acute CHI, abnormal head CT, and a Glasgow Coma Scales score of 14 or higher admitted to the EDOU of a tertiary care children's hospital from 2007 to 2010. Children with multisystem trauma, nonaccidental trauma, and previous neurosurgical or coagulopathic conditions were excluded...
December 1, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867913/spontaneous-involution-of-rathke-s-cleft-cysts-without-visual-symptoms
#10
Chang-Wook Kim, Kihwan Hwang, Jin-Deok Joo, Young-Hoon Kim, Jung Ho Han, Chae-Yong Kim
BACKGROUND: There have been various reports in the literature regarding the conservative management of pituitary apoplexy, pituitary incidentalomas and Rathke cleft cysts (RCCs). However, to the best of our knowledge, spontaneous involution of cystic sellar mass has rarely been reported. We report 14 cases of cystic sellar masses with spontaneous involution. METHODS: A total of 14 patients with spontaneous regression of cystic sellar masses in our hospital were included...
October 2016: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852818/parents-acute-illnesses-hospitalizations-and-medication-changes-during-the-difficult-first-year-after-infant-or-child-nicu-picu-death
#11
Dorothy Brooten, JoAnne M Youngblut, Carmen Caicedo, Teresa Del Moral, G Patricia Cantwell, Balagangadhar Totapally
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Infant/child death is described as a most stressful life event; however, there are few reports of effects on parent physical health during the first year after the death. The study's purpose is to examine the patterns of parent acute illnesses, hospitalizations, and medication changes over 1 to 13 months after neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) or pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) infant/child death in 3 racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: Secondary analyses were conducted with longitudinal data on parent health and functioning 1 to 13 months after infant/child NICU/PICU death...
November 15, 2016: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845884/central-diabetes-insipidus-clinical-profile-that-suggests-organicity-in-peruvian-children-lima-peru-2001-2013
#12
Miguel Angel De Los Santos, Carlos Manuel Del Águila, Maria Isabel Rojas, Juan Manuel Falen, Oswaldo Nuñez, Eliana Manuela Chávez, Oscar Antonio Espinoza, Paola Marianella Pinto, Martha Rosario Calagua
BACKGROUND: Central diabetes insipidus (CDI) is a heterogeneous disease caused by arginine vasopressin deficiency; its management implies a profound understanding of the pathophysiology and the clinical spectrum. The aim of the study was to describe the clinical characteristics that indicate organicity in children and adolescents with central diabetes insipidus treated at the Department of Endocrinology from The Child Health's Institute during 2001 to 2013. METHODS: Cross-sectional, retrospective study...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834505/concussion-like-symptoms-in-child-and-youth-athletes-at-baseline-what-is-typical
#13
Anne Williams Hunt, Melissa Paniccia, Nick Reed, Michelle Keightley
CONTEXT: After a concussion, guidelines emphasize that an athlete should be asymptomatic before starting a return-to-play protocol. However, many concussion symptoms are nonspecific and may be present in individuals without concussion. Limited evidence exists regarding the presence of "typical" or preinjury (baseline) symptoms in child and youth athletes. OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency of symptoms reported at baseline by child and youth athletes and identify how age, sex, history of concussion, and learning factors influence the presence of baseline symptoms...
October 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830116/headache-maybe-the-initial-symptom-in-rasmussen-s-syndrome-a-child-case-report
#14
Zhiliang Yang, Guilian Sun
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this case report was to study that headache maybe the initial symptom in Rasmussen's syndrome (RS). INTRODUCTION: Headache has not yet been reported as prodromal symptom. METHODS: We studied a case of RS in which the patient experienced a recurring headache for about one year prior to the onset of partial seizures. RESULTS: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) results were normal when the headache first occurred and showed left brain atrophy three years later...
2016: Epilepsy & Behavior Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814390/associations-between-nausea-vomiting-fatigue-and-health-related-quality-of-life-of-women-in-early-pregnancy-the-generation-r-study
#15
Guannan Bai, Ida J Korfage, Esther Hafkamp-de Groen, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Eva Mautner, Hein Raat
The objective of this study was to evaluate the independent associations between nausea, vomiting, fatigue and health-related quality of life of women in early pregnancy in the Generation R study, which is a prospective mother and child cohort. Analyses were based on 5079 women in early pregnancy in the Rotterdam area, the Netherlands. The information on nausea, vomiting and fatigue in the previous three months was measured in the questionnaire at enrollment, as well as potential confounders (i.e., maternal/gestational age, ethnic background, educational level, parity, marital status, body mass index, tobacco and alcohol use, chronic/infectious conditions, uro-genital conditions/symptoms, sleep quality, headache, anxiety, and depression)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793243/anesthesia-in-pregnant-women-with-hellp-syndrome-case-report
#16
Eduardo Barbin Zuccolotto, Eugenio Pagnussatt Neto, Glínia Cavalcante Nogueira, José Roberto Nociti
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: HELLP syndrome, characterized by hemolysis, high levels of liver enzyme, and low platelet count, is an advanced clinical stage of pre-eclampsia, progressing to high maternal (24%) and perinatal (up 40%) mortality, despite childbirth care in a timely manner. The goal is to describe the anesthetic management of a case with indication to emergency cesarean. CASE REPORT: Female patient, 36 years old, gestational age of 24 weeks, with hypertensive crisis (BP 180/100mmHg) and severe headache, was admitted to the operating room for a cesarean section after diagnosis of HELLP syndrome...
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789184/a-limited-survey-based-uncontrolled-follow-up-study-of-children-born-after-ooplasmic-transplantation-in-a-single-centre
#17
Serena H Chen, Claudia Pascale, Maria Jackson, Mary Ann Szvetecz, Jacques Cohen
Experimental ooplasmic transplantation from donor to recipient oocyte took place between 1996 and 2001 at Saint Barnabas Medical Center, USA. Indication for 33 patients was repeated implantation failure. Thirteen couples had 17 babies. One patient delivered twins from mixed ooplasmic and donor egg embryos. A limited survey-based follow-up study on the children is reported: 12 out of 13 parents completed a questionnaire on pregnancy, birth, health, academic performance and disclosure. Parents of a quadruplet did not participate...
December 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787649/acute-hemicerebellitis-in-a-child-a-case-report-of-a-rare-neuropsychiatric-disorder
#18
Riad M Elsayed, Hala E Sayyah
BACKGROUND: Acute cerebellitis is an inflammatory process commonly involving both cerebellar hemispheres. Bilateral cerebellar hemisphere involvement is the most common finding. Acute hemicerebellitis in childhood is an extremely rare unilateral presentation of cerebellitis mimicking a tumor. Its etiology is unknown, although an inflammatory or post infectious origin is presumed. Its clinical outcome is generally good and a self-limited evolution. Clinical improvement and regression of the pathological findings in serial MRI will help differentiate acute hemicerebellitis from a neoplastic process...
October 27, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754180/ed-08-4-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hypertensive-emergency-in-children
#19
Lin Shi
According to the seventh report of Joint National Committee (JNC 7), hypertensive emergency (HE), a kind of hypertensive crisis, is defined as a sudden and abrupt elevation in blood pressure so as to cause acute target organ dysfunctions, including central nervous system, cardiovascular system or kidneys. Patients with HE require immediate reduction in markedly elevated blood pressure. Currently, there are no international guidelines for children HE, so the JNC definition is commonly used. Hypertensive emergency in children is rare but a life-threatening emergency...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752014/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-a-5-year-old-boy-with-steroid-dependent-nephrotic-syndrome
#20
Md Habibur Rahman, Md Abdul Qader, Syed Saimul Haque, Md Abdullah Al Mamun, Golam Muin Uddin
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a rare clinical and radiological phenomenon is encountered in children compared to adults. In our center, a 5-yearold boy with steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (SDNS) presented with headache and blurring of vision during relapse after a long course of immunosuppressive therapy. Evaluation by computed tomography scan of the brain showed that the child had hypodense areas throughout the occipital region of the brain. All signs of PRES, except papilledema, resolved after seven days of supportive treatment evidenced by subsequent radiological evaluation...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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