keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Swan

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718193/metacommunity-theory-meets-restoration-isolation-may-mediate-how-ecological-communities-respond-to-stream-restoration
#1
Christopher M Swan, Bryan L Brown
An often-cited benefit of river restoration is an increase in biodiversity or shift in composition to more desirable taxa. Yet, hard manipulations of habitat structure often fail to elicit a significant response in terms of biodiversity patterns. In contrast to conventional wisdom, the dispersal of organisms may have as large an influence on biodiversity patterns as environmental conditions. This influence of dispersal may be particularly influential in river networks which are linear branching, or dendritic, and thus constrain most dispersal to the river corridor...
July 17, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717837/the-dark-side-of-the-swan
#2
Álvaro J Roldán-Reina, Luis Martín-Villén, Yael Corcia-Palomo, Rafael Hinojosa-Pérez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706743/when-is-the-optimal-timing-of-surgical-intervention-for-severe-functional-tricuspid-regurgitation
#3
Nobuhiro Nakanishi, Masanobu Ishii, Koichi Kaikita, Ken Okamoto, Yasuhiro Izumiya, Eiichiro Yamamoto, Seiji Takashio, Seiji Hokimoto, Toshihiro Fukui, Kenichi Tsujita
Functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is a serious pathology to be noted for severe right heart failure (HF) and poor prognosis; however, the conventional assessment of TR has some limitations and the optimal timing of surgical intervention remains unclear. A 79-year-old Japanese female was admitted to our hospital to undergo cardiac surgery, because edema gradually got worse despite the increase in diuretics. She had a history of atrial fibrillation (AF) and chronic HF due to severe TR and had been treated with a furosemide for leg edema 4 years ago...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705304/clinical-practice-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-japan-a-nationwide-survey-and-scientific-evidences
#4
Sadatomo Tasaka, Koichiro Tatsumi
BACKGROUND: There has been limited information about epidemiology and clinical practice of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in Japan. METHODS: An invitation letter to the web-based survey was mailed to all 871 board certified hospitals of the Japanese Respiratory Society. The questionnaires were designed to collect data on epidemiology and clinical practice of ARDS, including diagnostic measures and therapeutics. RESULTS: Within 4 months of the survey period, valid responses were obtained from 296 (34%) hospitals...
July 2017: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701342/activating-transcription-factor-3-promotes-loss-of-the-acinar-cell-phenotype-in-response-to-cerulein-induced-pancreatitis-in-mice
#5
Elena N Fazio, Claire C Young, Jelena Toma, Michael Levy, Kurt R Berger, Charis L Johnson, Rashid Mehmood, Patrick Swan, Alphonse Chu, Sean P Cregan, F Jeffrey Dilworth, Christopher J Howlett, Christopher L Pin
Pancreatitis is a debilitating disease of the exocrine pancreas that, under chronic conditions, is a major susceptibility factor for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). While down-regulation of genes that promote the mature acinar cell fate is required to reduce injury associated with pancreatitis, the factors that promote this repression are unknown. Activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) is a key mediator of the unfolded protein response, a pathway rapidly activated during pancreatic insult. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by Next Generation Sequencing, we show that ATF3 is bound to the transcriptional regulatory regions of more than 30% of differentially expressed genes during the initiation of pancreatitis...
July 12, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695235/preoperative-ct-in-patients-with-surgically-resectable-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-does-the-time-interval-between-ct-and-surgery-affect-survival
#6
Gerard M Healy, C E Redmond, S Murphy, H Fleming, A Haughey, R Kavanagh, N Swan, K C Conlon, D E Malone, E R Ryan
PURPOSE: The preoperative imaging-to-surgery time interval (ISI) influences the risk of unexpected progression (UP) found at surgery for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. We aimed to assess whether ISI influences disease recurrence and/or survival. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A single-institution, ethics board-approved retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent attempted resection of pancreatic (PDAC) or periampullary adenocarcinoma (AmpAC) between 1st January 2010 and 31st December 2015 was performed...
July 10, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687774/andean-mountain-building-did-not-preclude-dispersal-of-lowland-epiphytic-orchids-in-the-neotropics
#7
Oscar Alejandro Pérez-Escobar, Marc Gottschling, Guillaume Chomicki, Fabien L Condamine, Bente B Klitgård, Emerson Pansarin, Günter Gerlach
The Andean uplift is one of the major orographic events in the New World and has impacted considerably the diversification of numerous Neotropical lineages. Despite its importance for biogeography, the specific role of mountain ranges as a dispersal barrier between South and Central American lowland plant lineages is still poorly understood. The swan orchids (Cycnoches) comprise ca 34 epiphytic species distributed in lowland and pre-montane forests of Central and South America. Here, we study the historical biogeography of Cycnoches to better understand the impact of the Andean uplift on the diversification of Neotropical lowland plant lineages...
July 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684800/competitive-interactions-affect-working-memory-performance-for-both-simultaneous-and-sequential-stimulus-presentation
#8
Jumana Ahmad, Garrett Swan, Howard Bowman, Brad Wyble, Anna C Nobre, Kimron L Shapiro, Fiona McNab
Competition between simultaneously presented visual stimuli lengthens reaction time and reduces both the BOLD response and neural firing. In contrast, conditions of sequential presentation have been assumed to be free from competition. Here we manipulated the spatial proximity of stimuli (Near versus Far conditions) to examine the effects of simultaneous and sequential competition on different measures of working memory (WM) for colour. With simultaneous presentation, the measure of WM precision was significantly lower for Near items, and participants reported the colour of the wrong item more often...
July 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679550/differences-in-genetic-and-environmental-variation-in-adult-body-mass-index-by-sex-age-time-period-and-region-an-individual-based-pooled-analysis-of-40-twin-cohorts
#9
Karri Silventoinen, Aline Jelenkovic, Reijo Sund, Yoshie Yokoyama, Yoon-Mi Hur, Wendy Cozen, Amie E Hwang, Thomas M Mack, Chika Honda, Fujio Inui, Yoshinori Iwatani, Mikio Watanabe, Rie Tomizawa, Kirsi H Pietiläinen, Aila Rissanen, Sisira H Siribaddana, Matthew Hotopf, Athula Sumathipala, Fruhling Rijsdijk, Qihua Tan, Dongfeng Zhang, Zengchang Pang, Maarit Piirtola, Sari Aaltonen, Sevgi Y Öncel, Fazil Aliev, Esther Rebato, Jacob B Hjelmborg, Kaare Christensen, Axel Skytthe, Kirsten O Kyvik, Judy L Silberg, Lindon J Eaves, Tessa L Cutler, Juan R Ordoñana, Juan F Sánchez-Romera, Lucia Colodro-Conde, Yun-Mi Song, Sarah Yang, Kayoung Lee, Carol E Franz, William S Kremen, Michael J Lyons, Andreas Busjahn, Tracy L Nelson, Keith E Whitfield, Christian Kandler, Kerry L Jang, Margaret Gatz, David A Butler, Maria A Stazi, Corrado Fagnani, Cristina D'Ippolito, Glen E Duncan, Dedra Buchwald, Nicholas G Martin, Sarah E Medland, Grant W Montgomery, Hoe-Uk Jeong, Gary E Swan, Ruth Krasnow, Patrik Ke Magnusson, Nancy L Pedersen, Anna K Dahl Aslan, Tom A McAdams, Thalia C Eley, Alice M Gregory, Per Tynelius, Laura A Baker, Catherine Tuvblad, Gombojav Bayasgalan, Danshiitsoodol Narandalai, Timothy D Spector, Massimo Mangino, Genevieve Lachance, S Alexandra Burt, Kelly L Klump, Jennifer R Harris, Ingunn Brandt, Thomas S Nilsen, Robert F Krueger, Matt McGue, Shandell Pahlen, Robin P Corley, Brooke M Huibregtse, Meike Bartels, Catharina Em van Beijsterveldt, Gonneke Willemsen, Jack H Goldberg, Finn Rasmussen, Adam D Tarnoki, David L Tarnoki, Catherine A Derom, Robert F Vlietinck, Ruth Jf Loos, John L Hopper, Joohon Sung, Hermine H Maes, Eric Turkheimer, Dorret I Boomsma, Thorkild Ia Sørensen, Jaakko Kaprio
Background: Genes and the environment contribute to variation in adult body mass index [BMI (in kg/m(2))], but factors modifying these variance components are poorly understood.Objective: We analyzed genetic and environmental variation in BMI between men and women from young adulthood to old age from the 1940s to the 2000s and between cultural-geographic regions representing high (North America and Australia), moderate (Europe), and low (East Asia) prevalence of obesity.Design: We used genetic structural equation modeling to analyze BMI in twins ≥20 y of age from 40 cohorts representing 20 countries (140,379 complete twin pairs)...
July 5, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667761/persistent-accumulation-of-gut-macrophages-with-impaired-phagocytic-function-correlates-with-siv-disease-progression-in-macaques
#10
Zachary D Swan, Anthea L Bouwer, Elizabeth R Wonderlich, Simon M Barratt-Boyes
The contribution of macrophages in the gastrointestinal tract to disease control or progression in HIV infection remains unclear. To address this question, we analyzed CD163(+) macrophages in ileum and mesenteric lymph nodes (LN) from SIV-infected rhesus macaques with dichotomous expression of controlling MHC class I alleles predicted to be SIV controllers or progressors. Infection induced accumulation of macrophages into gut mucosa in the acute phase that persisted in progressors but was resolved in controllers...
July 1, 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667054/analysis-of-decreases-in-systemic-arterial-pressure-and-heart-rate-in-response-to-the-hydrogen-sulfide-donor-sodium-sulfide
#11
Kevin W Swan, Bryant Minkyu Song, Allen L Chen, Travis J Chen, Ryan A Chan, Bradley T Guidry, Prasad V G Katakam, Edmund K Kerut, Thomas D Giles, Philip Kadowitz
The actions of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) on the heart and vasculature have been extensively reported. However, the mechanisms underlying the effects of H2S are unclear in the anesthetized rat. The objective of the current study is to investigate the effect of H2S on the electrocardiogram and examine the relationship between H2S-induced changes in heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and respiratory function. Intravenous (iv) administration of the H2S donor sodium sulfide (Na2S) in the anesthetized Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat decreased MAP and HR and produced changes in respiratory function...
June 30, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666935/calibration-and-validation-processes-for-relative-humidity-measurement-by-a-hygrochron-ibutton
#12
Mirim Shin, Raymond Patton, Trevor Mahar, Angus Ireland, Paul Swan, Chin Moi Chow
Accurate relative humidity (RH) measurement is demanded in studies of thermal comfort. Thermal discomfort occurs when the near-to-skin temperature or RH is outside of the thermal comfort zone. The Hygrochron, a small wireless device which measures both temperature and RH, would be suitable and convenient in exercise or sleep studies. However, the RH measurement has not been validated. This paper has three parts. Part 1: In evaluating the sensor surface for RH detection, four Hygrochrons were placed on a wet paper towel...
June 27, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666816/application-of-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research-to-community-pharmacy-a-framework-for-implementation-research-on-pharmacy-services
#13
Sarah J Shoemaker, Geoffrey M Curran, Holly Swan, Benjamin S Teeter, Jeremy Thomas
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacies are an increasingly important health care setting with opportunities for improving quality and safety, yet little is understood about determinants of implementation in this setting. OBJECTIVE: This paper presents an implementation framework for pharmacy based on the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR). METHODS: This study employed a critical review of 45 articles on professional services provided in community pharmacies, including medication therapy management (MTM), immunizations, and rapid HIV testing...
June 2, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666650/functional-characterization-of-duck-lsm14a-in-ifn-%C3%AE-induction
#14
Kexin Hua, Huilin Li, Huanchun Chen, Mohamed Frahat Foda, Rui Luo, Hui Jin
Human LSm14A is a key component of processing body (P-body) assembly that mediates interferon-β (IFN-β) production by sensing viral RNA or DNA. To the best of our knowledge, we are the first to report duck LSm14A (duLSm14A) cloning from duck embryo fibroblasts (DEFs). Full-length duLSm14A encoded 461 amino acids and was highly homologous with chicken and swan goose sequences. More interestingly, the duLSm14A mRNA was extensively expressed in all the studied tissues. In DEFs, duLSm14A was localized in the cytoplasm as P-body-like dots...
June 27, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665660/solving-the-quantum-many-body-problem-via-correlations-measured-with-a-momentum-microscope
#15
S S Hodgman, R I Khakimov, R J Lewis-Swan, A G Truscott, K V Kheruntsyan
In quantum many-body theory, all physical observables are described in terms of correlation functions between particle creation or annihilation operators. Measurement of such correlation functions can therefore be regarded as an operational solution to the quantum many-body problem. Here, we demonstrate this paradigm by measuring multiparticle momentum correlations up to third order between ultracold helium atoms in an s-wave scattering halo of colliding Bose-Einstein condensates, using a quantum many-body momentum microscope...
June 16, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664227/within-family-effects-of-smoking-during-pregnancy-on-adhd-the-importance-of-phenotype
#16
Kristine Marceau, L Cinnamon Bidwell, Hollis C Karoly, Allison Schettini Evans, Alexandre A Todorov, Rohan H Palmer, Andrew C Heath, Valerie S Knopik
We sought to test within- and between- family associations of smoking during pregnancy (SDP) and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms using a structured interview based on the conventional Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) symptoms and the Strengths and Weaknesses of ADHD-Symptoms and Normal-Behavior (SWAN) scale, which is a population based measure that grew out of the notion that an ADHD diagnosis exists on the extreme end of a continuum of normative behaviors and includes both above- and below- average performance on attention and activity...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663364/platelet-count-and-mean-platelet-volume-predict-outcome-in-adults-with-eisenmenger-syndrome
#17
Agustin C Martin-Garcia, Deepa Rj Arachchillage, Aleksander Kempny, Rafael Alonso-Gonzalez, Ana Martin-Garcia, Anselm Uebing, Lorna Swan, Stephen J Wort, Laura C Price, Colm McCabe, Pedro Luis Sanchez, Konstantinos Dimopoulos, Michael A Gatzoulis
OBJECTIVES: Although a significant proportion of patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease are thrombocytopaenic, its prevalence and clinical significance in adults with Eisenmenger syndrome (ES) is not well studied. Accordingly, we examined the relationship of thrombocytopaenia and mean platelet volume (MPV) to bleeding or thrombotic complications and survival in a contemporary cohort of patients with ES, including patients with Down syndrome. METHODS: Demographics, laboratory and clinical data were analysed from 226 patients with ES under active follow-up over 11 years...
June 29, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662810/treating-specialty-and-outcomes-in-newly%C3%A2-diagnosed-atrial-fibrillation-from-the-treat-af%C3%A2-study
#18
Alexander C Perino, Jun Fan, Susan K Schmitt, Mariam Askari, Daniel W Kaiser, Abhishek Deshmukh, Paul A Heidenreich, Christopher Swan, Sanjiv M Narayan, Paul J Wang, Mintu P Turakhia
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) occurs in many clinical contexts and is diagnosed and treated by clinicians across many specialties. This approach has resulted in treatment variations. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to evaluate the association between treating specialty and AF outcomes among patients newly diagnosed with AF. METHODS: Using data from the TREAT-AF (Retrospective Evaluation and Assessment of Therapies in AF) study from the Veterans Health Administration, patients with newly diagnosed, nonvalvular AF between 2004 and 2012 were identified who had at least 1 outpatient encounter with primary care or cardiology within 90 days of the AF diagnosis...
July 4, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660469/childhood-socioeconomic-circumstances-and-depressive-symptom-burden-across-15%C3%A2-years-of-follow-up-during-midlife-study-of-women-s-health-across-the-nation-swan
#19
Joyce T Bromberger, Laura L Schott, Karen A Matthews, Howard M Kravitz, Siobán D Harlow, Jennifer Karas Montez
Childhood socioeconomic disadvantage may contribute to adult depression. Understanding pathways by which early socioeconomic adversity may shape adult depression is important for identifying areas for intervention. Studies to date have focused on one potential pathway, adult socioeconomic status (SES), and assessed depression at only one or a few time points. Our aims were to examine (a) the association between childhood SES (low vs. high) and depressive symptom burden in midlife and (b) whether adult socioeconomic, psychosocial, and physical health characteristics are important pathways...
June 28, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653360/identification-of-genes-dysregulated-by-elevation-of-microrna-210-levels-in-human-trophoblasts-cell-line-swan-71
#20
Sejin Ahn, Eunbee Jeong, Jae Woong Min, Eunhee Kim, Sun Shim Choi, Chong Jae Kim, Deug-Chan Lee
PROBLEM: Preeclampsia is a serious pregnancy disorder characterized by gestational hypertension and proteinuria. miR-210 is significantly overexpressed in the placentas of preeclampsia patients. METHOD OF STUDY: Swan 71 cells, first-trimester human trophoblastic cell line, were transfected with hsa-miR-210-3p oligonucleotides by electroporation. Altered transcriptome was analyzed using microarray technique. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were clustered into Gene Ontology annotation biological processes...
June 27, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
keyword
keyword
79616
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"