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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907181/the-role-of-ocean-currents-in-the-temperature-selection-of-plankton-insights-from-an-individual-based-model
#1
Ferdi L Hellweger, Erik van Sebille, Benjamin C Calfee, Jeremy W Chandler, Erik R Zinser, Brandon K Swan, Neil D Fredrick
Biogeography studies that correlate the observed distribution of organisms to environmental variables are typically based on local conditions. However, in cases with substantial translocation, like planktonic organisms carried by ocean currents, selection may happen upstream and local environmental factors may not be representative of those that shaped the local population. Here we use an individual-based model of microbes in the global surface ocean to explore this effect for temperature. We simulate up to 25 million individual cells belonging to up to 50 species with different temperature optima...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899416/peritoneal-dialysis-access-revision-in-children-causes-interventions-and-outcomes
#2
Dagmara Borzych-Duzalka, T Fazil Aki, Marta Azocar, Colin White, Elizabeth Harvey, Sevgi Mir, Marta Adragna, Erkin Serdaroglu, Rajiv Sinha, Charlotte Samaille, Juan Jose Vanegas, Jameela Kari, Lorena Barbosa, Arvind Bagga, Monica Galanti, Onder Yavascan, Giovanna Leozappa, Maria Szczepanska, Karel Vondrak, Kei-Chiu Tse, Franz Schaefer, Bradley A Warady
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little published information is available about access failure in children undergoing chronic peritoneal dialysis. Our objectives were to evaluate frequency, risk factors, interventions, and outcome of peritoneal dialysis access revision. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Data were derived from 824 incident and 1629 prevalent patients from 105 pediatric nephrology centers enrolled in the International Pediatric Peritoneal Dialysis Network Registry between 2007 and 2015...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896031/salinity-and-temperature-significantly-influence-seed-germination-seedling-establishment-and-seedling-growth-of-eelgrass-zostera-marina-l
#3
Shaochun Xu, Yi Zhou, Pengmei Wang, Feng Wang, Xiaomei Zhang, Ruiting Gu
Globally, seagrass beds have been recognized as critical yet declining coastal habitats. To mitigate seagrass losses, seagrass restorations have been conducted in worldwide over the past two decades. Seed utilization is considered to be an important approach in seagrass restoration efforts. In this study, we investigated the effects of salinity and temperature on seed germination, seedling establishment, and seedling growth of eelgrass Zostera marina L. (Swan Lake, northern China). We initially tested the effects of salinity (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, and 40 ppt) and water temperature (5, 10, 15, and 20 °C) on seed germination to identify optimal levels...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866708/mutations-in-three-genes-encoding-proteins-involved-in-hair-shaft-formation-cause-uncombable-hair-syndrome
#4
F Buket Ü Basmanav, Laura Cau, Aylar Tafazzoli, Marie-Claire Méchin, Sabrina Wolf, Maria Teresa Romano, Frederic Valentin, Henning Wiegmann, Anne Huchenq, Rima Kandil, Natalie Garcia Bartels, Arzu Kilic, Susannah George, Damian J Ralser, Stefan Bergner, David J P Ferguson, Ana-Maria Oprisoreanu, Maria Wehner, Holger Thiele, Janine Altmüller, Peter Nürnberg, Daniel Swan, Darren Houniet, Aline Büchner, Lisa Weibel, Nicola Wagner, Ramon Grimalt, Anette Bygum, Guy Serre, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Eli Sprecher, Susanne Schoch, Vinzenz Oji, Henning Hamm, Paul Farrant, Michel Simon, Regina C Betz
Uncombable hair syndrome (UHS), also known as "spun glass hair syndrome," "pili trianguli et canaliculi," or "cheveux incoiffables" is a rare anomaly of the hair shaft that occurs in children and improves with age. UHS is characterized by dry, frizzy, spangly, and often fair hair that is resistant to being combed flat. Until now, both simplex and familial UHS-affected case subjects with autosomal-dominant as well as -recessive inheritance have been reported. However, none of these case subjects were linked to a molecular genetic cause...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860371/epidemiological-and-molecular-analysis-of-an-outbreak-of-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-h5n8-clade-2-3-4-4-in-a-german-zoo-effective-disease-control-with-minimal-culling
#5
A Globig, E Starick, T Homeier, A Pohlmann, C Grund, P Wolf, A Zimmermann, C Wolf, D Heim, H Schlößer, S Zander, M Beer, F J Conraths, T C Harder
Outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza A virus (HPAIV) subtype H5N8, clade 2.3.4.4, were first reported in January 2014 from South Korea. These viruses spread rapidly to Europe and the North American continent during autumn 2014 and caused, in Germany, five outbreaks in poultry holdings until February 2015. In addition, birds kept in a zoo in north-eastern Germany were affected. Only a few individual white storks (Ciconia ciconia) showed clinical symptoms and eventually died in the course of the infection, although subsequent in-depth diagnostic investigations showed that other birds kept in the same compound of the white storks were acutely positive for or had undergone asymptomatic infection with HPAIV H5N8...
November 15, 2016: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853128/chewing-lice-of-swan-geese-anser-cygnoides-new-host-parasite-associations
#6
Chang-Yong Choi, John Y Takekawa, Diann J Prosser, Lacy M Smith, Craig R Ely, Anthony D Fox, Lei Cao, Xin Wang, Nyambayar Batbayar, Tseveenmayadag Natsagdorj, Xiangming Xiao
Chewing lice (Phthiraptera) that parasitize the globally threatened swan goose Anser cygnoides have been long recognized since the early 19th century, but those records were probably biased towards sampling of captive or domestic geese due to the small population size and limited distribution of its wild hosts. To better understand the lice species parasitizing swan geese that are endemic to East Asia, we collected chewing lice from 14 wild geese caught at 3 lakes in northeastern Mongolia. The lice were morphologically identified as 16 Trinoton anserinum (Fabricius, 1805), 11 Ornithobius domesticus Arnold, 2005, and 1 Anaticola anseris (Linnaeus, 1758)...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850157/517-usage-of-swan-ganz-catheterization-during-the-past-two-decades-in-the-united-states
#7
Ross-Jordon Elliott, Ali Seifi, Marwah Elsehety
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836812/pain-severity-in-relation-to-the-final-menstrual-period-in-a-prospective-multiethnic-observational-cohort-results-from-the-study-of-women-s-health-across-the-nation-swan
#8
Yvonne C Lee, Arun S Karlamangla, Zhi Yu, Chih-Chin Liu, Joel S Finkelstein, Gail A Greendale, Siobán D Harlow, Daniel H Solomon
: The development of pain is common in midlife, resulting in increased healthcare utilization and costs. The aim of this study was to determine the longitudinal trajectory of overall bodily pain among women during the transition between the reproductive years and menopause. We conducted analyses on a community-based, longitudinal cohort of women enrolled in the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation. One thousand four hundred and ninety-five women met inclusion criteria, including: 1) defined date of the final menstrual period (FMP) and 2) complete data on SF-36 bodily pain...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835857/estimating-the-associations-of-apparent-temperature-and-inflammatory-hemostatic-and-lipid-markers-in-a-cohort-of-midlife-women
#9
Rupa Basu, Xiangmei May Wu, Brian J Malig, Rachel Broadwin, Ellen B Gold, Lihong Qi, Carol Derby, Elizabeth A Jackson, Rochelle S Green
Associations between temperature and cardiovascular (CVD) mortality have been reported, but the underlying biological mechanisms remain uncertain. We explored the association between apparent temperature and serum biomarkers for CVD. Using linear mixed effects models, we examined the relationships between residence-proximate apparent temperature (same day and 1, 7, and 30 days prior) and several inflammatory, hemostatic, and lipid biomarkers for midlife women from 1999 through 2004. Our study population consisted of 2,306 women with mean age of 51 years (± 3 years) enrolled in Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN) in Chicago, Illinois; Detroit, Michigan; Los Angeles and Oakland, California; Newark, New Jersey; and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania...
January 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834535/a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-comorbidity-trajectories-associated-with-traumatic-brain-injury-in-veterans-of-the-iraq-and-afghanistan-wars
#10
Mary Jo Pugh, Erin P Finley, Chen-Pin Wang, Laurel A Copeland, Carlos A Jaramillo, Alicia A Swan, Christine A Elnitsky, Luci K Leykum, Eric M Mortensen, Blessen A Eapen, Polly H Noel, Jacqueline A Pugh
OBJECTIVES: To identify and validate trajectories of comorbidity associated with traumatic brain injury in male and female Iraq and Afghanistan war Veterans (IAV). METHODS: Derivation and validation cohorts were compiled of IAV who entered the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) care and received 3 years of VA care between 2002-2011. Chronic disease and comorbidities associated with deployment including TBI were identified using diagnosis codes. A latent class analysis (LCA) of longitudinal comorbidity data was used to identify trajectories of comorbidity...
2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828776/correction-lineage-tracing-of-human-b-cells-reveals-the-in-vivo-landscape-of-human-antibody-class-switching
#11
Felix Horns, Christopher Vollmers, Derek Croote, Sally F Mackey, Gary E Swan, Cornelia L Dekker, Mark M Davis, Stephen R Quake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2016: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824301/measurement-and-variation-in-estimation-of-quality-of-life-effects-of-patients-undergoing-treatment-for-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#12
Carrie Cunningham Lubitz, Lucia De Gregorio, Abbey L Fingeret, Konstantinos P Economopoulos, Diana A Teremzawi, Mursal Hassan, Sareh Parangi, Antonia Stephen, Elkan F Halpern, Karen Donelan, J Shannon Swan
BACKGROUND: Thyroid cancer incidence is increasing. The effect of diagnosis and treatment on health related quality of life (HRQoL) is an essential variable given no change in life span for the majority of patients. HRQoL instruments, with data useful for between-disease comparisons, are being increasingly used for health policy and outcomes evaluation. Variation exits among the instruments based on the impact of a specific disease. We assessed which of four well-validated preference-based surveys detect changes in health and clinical intervention in patients diagnosed with the papillary thyroid cancer (PTC)...
November 8, 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817049/overexpression-of-endogenous-anti-oxidants-with-selenium-supplementation-protects-trophoblast-cells-from-reactive-oxygen-species-induced-apoptosis-in-a-bcl-2-dependent-manner
#13
Alisha Khera, Jessica J Vanderlelie, Olivia Holland, Anthony V Perkins
The human placenta provides life support for the developing foetus, and a healthy placenta is a prerequisite to a healthy start to life. Placental tissue is subject to oxidative stress which can lead to pathological conditions of pregnancy such as preeclampsia, preterm labour and intrauterine growth restriction. Up-regulation of endogenous anti-oxidants may alleviate placental oxidative stress and provide a therapy for these complications of pregnancy. In this study, selenium supplementation, as inorganic sodium selenite (NaSel) or organic selenomethionine (SeMet), was used to increase the protein production and cellular activity of the important redox active proteins glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and thioredoxin reductase (Thx-Red)...
November 5, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816231/distribution-of-the-fmr1-gene-in-females-by-race-ethnicity-women-with-diminished-ovarian-reserve-versus-women-with-normal-fertility-swan-study
#14
Lisa M Pastore, Steven L Young, Ani Manichaikul, Valerie L Baker, Xin Q Wang, Joel S Finkelstein
OBJECTIVE: To study whether reported, but inconsistent, associations between the FMR1 CGG repeat lengths in the intermediate, high normal, or low normal range differentiate women diagnosed with diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) from population controls and whether associations vary by race/ethnic group. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Academic and private fertility clinics. PATIENT(S): DOR cases (n = 129; 95 Whites, 22 Asian, 12 other) from five U...
November 2, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816084/in-pursuit-of-generalization-an-updated-review
#15
REVIEW
Anna J Swan, Matthew M Carper, Philip C Kendall
Stokes and Osnes (1989) outlined three principles to facilitate the generalization and maintenance of therapeutic gains. Use of functional contingencies, training diversely, and incorporating functional mediators were recommended. Our review, with most illustrations from studies of youth, updates Stokes and Osnes's original paper with a focus on evidence-based strategies to increase generalization of therapeutic gains across settings, stimuli, and time. Research since 1989 indicates that training for generalization by increasing the frequency of naturally occurring reinforcers for positive behaviors, and altering maladaptive contingencies that inadvertently reinforce problem behaviors, are associated with favorable treatment outcomes...
September 2016: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816057/feasibility-of-alcohol-screening-among-patients-receiving-opioid-treatment-in-primary-care
#16
Anne Marie Henihan, Geoff McCombe, Jan Klimas, Davina Swan, Dorothy Leahy, Rolande Anderson, Gerard Bury, Colum P Dunne, Eamon Keenan, John S Lambert, David Meagher, Clodagh O'Gorman, Tom P O'Toole, Jean Saunders, Gillian W Shorter, Bobby P Smyth, Eileen Kaner, Walter Cullen
BACKGROUND: Identifying and treating problem alcohol use among people who also use illicit drugs is a challenge. Primary care is well placed to address this challenge but there are several barriers which may prevent this occurring. The objective of this study was to determine if a complex intervention designed to support screening and brief intervention for problem alcohol use among people receiving opioid agonist treatment is feasible and acceptable to healthcare providers and their patients in a primary care setting...
November 5, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815734/molecular-identification-of-enterocytozoon-bieneusi-cryptosporidium-and-giardia-in-brazilian-captive-birds
#17
Maria Júlia Rodrigues da Cunha, Márcia Cristina Cury, Mónica Santín
A total of 85 fecal samples from captive birds collected from October 2013 to September 2014 in Uberlândia and Belo Horizonte in the state of Minas Gerais (Brazil) were evaluated for the presence of Enterocytozoon bieneusi, Cryptosporidium, and Giardia by PCR. Of these, three birds were found positive for E. bieneusi (3.5%), two for Cryptosporidium (2.3%), and one for Giardia (1.2%). Two genotypes of E. bieneusi were detected by nucleotide sequence analysis of the ITS region, genotypes D and Peru 6 in a swan goose and in two rock pigeons, respectively...
November 4, 2016: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807805/identification-of-heterozygous-single-and-multi-exon-deletions-in-il7r-by-whole-exome-sequencing
#18
Karin R Engelhardt, Yaobo Xu, Angela Grainger, Mila G C Germani Batacchi, David J Swan, Joseph D P Willet, Intan J Abd Hamid, Philipp Agyeman, Dawn Barge, Shahnaz Bibi, Lucy Jenkins, Terence J Flood, Mario Abinun, Mary A Slatter, Andrew R Gennery, Andrew J Cant, Mauro Santibanez Koref, Kimberly Gilmour, Sophie Hambleton
PURPOSE: We aimed to achieve a retrospective molecular diagnosis by applying state-of-the-art genomic sequencing methods to past patients with T-B+NK+ severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID). We included identification of copy number variations (CNVs) by whole exome sequencing (WES) using the CNV calling method ExomeDepth to detect gene alterations for which routine Sanger sequencing analysis is not suitable, such as large heterozygous deletions. METHODS: Of a total of 12 undiagnosed patients with T-B+NK+ SCID, we analyzed eight probands by WES, using GATK to detect single nucleotide variants (SNVs) and small insertions and deletions (INDELs) and ExomeDepth to detect CNVs...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795628/swan-neck-versus-straight-peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-long-term-effect-on-patient-and-method-survival
#19
V Filiopoulos, D Biblaki, L Takouli, A Dounavis, D Hadjiyannakos, D Vlassopoulos
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is limited mainly by a higher technique failure rate as compared to hemodialysis (HD), catheter malfunction being an important reason. Intra- and extra-peritoneal catheter configuration may be associated with mechanical and infectious complications affecting method survival. We report our experience with two extra-peritoneal catheter configurations: the straight and the swan-neck (SN) catheters. A total of 85 consecutive patients, 58 males and 27 females were included in the study. Among them, 26 were diabetics; 52 were treated with automated PD (APD) and 33 with continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD)...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790793/evaluation-of-the-computed-tomographic-sentinel-clot-sign-to-identify-bleeding-abdominal-organs-in-dogs-with-hemoabdomen
#20
Swan Specchi, Edoardo Auriemma, Simona Morabito, Filippo Ferri, Eric Zini, Valentina Piola, Pascaline Pey, Federica Rossi
The CT "sentinel clot sign" has been defined as the highest attenuation hematoma adjacent to a bleeding organ in humans with hemoabdomen. The aims of this retrospective descriptive multicenter study were to describe CT findings in a sample of dogs with surgically or necropsy confirmed intra-abdominal bleeding and determine prevalence of the "sentinel clot sign" adjacent to the location of bleeding. Medical records between 2012 and 2014 were searched for dogs with hemoabdomen and in which the origin of the bleeding was confirmed either with surgery or necropsy...
October 27, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
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