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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926713/phase-separation-kinetics-of-dynamically-self-assembling-nanoparticles-with-toggled-interactions
#1
Zachary M Sherman, Helen Rosenthal, James W Swan
Ordered materials passively self-assembled from dispersions of nanoparticles with steady interactions are subject to thermodynamic constraints on their phase separation kinetics forcing a tradeoff between throughput and quality. Dynamically self-assembling dispersions whose interactions vary in a controlled way with time do not have these constraints and can rapidly form ordered structures while avoiding kinetic arrest. These out-of-equilibrium processes cannot be understood in terms of equilibrium thermodynamics or kinetic models derived from equilibrium thermodynamics, so new theories must be developed before dynamic self-assembly can be used to reliably fabricate nanomaterials...
September 19, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925734/a-pilot-treatment-study-for-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-neuroimaging-changes-detected-by-meg-after-low-intensity-pulse-based-transcranial-electrical-stimulation
#2
Ming-Xiong Huang, Ashley Robb Swan, Annemarie Angeles Quinto, Scott Matthews, Deborah L Harrington, Sharon Nichols, Barry J Bruder, Corey C Snook, Charles W Huang, Dewleen G Baker, Roland R Lee
BACKGROUND: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a leading cause of sustained impairments in military service members, Veterans, and civilians. However, few treatments are available for mTBI, partially because the mechanism of persistent mTBI deficits is not fully understood. METHODS: We used magnetoencephalography (MEG) to investigate neuronal changes in individuals with mTBI following a passive neurofeedback-based treatment programme called IASIS. This programme involved applying low-intensity pulses using transcranial electrical stimulation (LIP-tES) with electroencephalography monitoring...
September 19, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915061/prevalence-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-herbal-remedy-use-in-hispanic-and-non-hispanic-white-women-results-from-the-study-of-women-s-health-across-the-nation
#3
Robin R Green, Nanette Santoro, Amanda A Allshouse, Genevieve Neal-Perry, Carol Derby
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use, including botanical/herbal remedies, among Hispanic and non-Hispanic white women from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN), New Jersey site. We also examined whether attitudes toward CAM and communication of its use to providers differed for Hispanic and non-Hispanic women. STUDY DESIGN: SWAN is a community-based, multiethnic cohort study of midlife women...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910372/correlation-of-serum-cartilage-oligometric-matrix-protein-comp-and-interleukin-16-il-16-levels-with-disease-severity-in-primary-knee-osteoarthritis-a-pilot-study-in-a-malaysian-population
#4
Esha Das Gupta, Wei Ren Ng, Shew Fung Wong, Abdul Kareem Bhurhanudeen, Swan Sim Yeap
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlations between serum cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), interleukin-16 (IL-16) and different grades of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) in Malaysian subjects. METHODS: Ninety subjects were recruited comprising 30 with Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) grade 2 KOA, 27 with K-L grade 3 KOA, 7 with grade 4 KOA, and 30 healthy controls. All subjects completed the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) questionnaire...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904006/the-crash-report-emergency-management-dilemmas-facing-acute-physicians-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#5
Laura C Price, Konstantinos Dimopoulos, Philip Marino, Rafael Alonso-Gonzalez, Colm McCabe, Aleksander Kemnpy, Lorna Swan, Maria Boutsikou, Ahmed Al Zahrani, Gerry J Coghlan, Benjamin E Schreiber, Luke S Howard, Rachel Davies, Mark Toshner, Joanna Pepke-Zaba, Alistair C Church, Andrew Peacock, Paul A Corris, James L Lordan, Sean Gaine, Robin Condliffe, David G Kiely, Stephen John Wort
Treatment of acute emergencies in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) can be challenging. In the UK and Ireland, management of adult patients with PAH is centred in eight nationally designated pulmonary hypertension (PH) centres. However, many patients live far from these centres and physicians in local hospitals are often required to manage PAH emergencies. A committee of physicians from nationally designated PH centres identified the 'most common' emergency clinical scenarios encountered in patients with PAH...
September 12, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901043/survey-design-for-precise-fire-management-conservation-targets
#6
Holly Sitters, Julian Di Stefano, Timothy Wills, Matthew Swan, Alan York
Common goals of ecological fire management are to sustain biodiversity and minimize extinction risk. A novel approach to achieving these goals determines the relative proportions of vegetation growth stages (equivalent to successional stages, which are categorical representations of time since fire) that maximize a biodiversity index. The method combines data describing species abundances in each growth stage with numerical optimization to define an optimal growth-stage structure which provides a conservation-based operational target for managers...
September 12, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899704/2017-acr-annual-meeting-open-microphone-session-navigating-the-landscape-of-changing-practice-models-private-practice-corporate-radiology-and-enterprise-systems
#7
Eric J Stern, Catherine Everett, Eric B Friedberg, Amy L Kotsenas, McKinley Glover, Johnson B Lightfoote, Neil Lall, Timothy L Swan
Many practice groups are considering adopting new practice models, primarily to secure their practices by adapting to new payment models, government compliance and regulation, and increasing IT and infrastructure costs. As we move toward value-based care and capitation, the value equation (value = quality/cost) will lead us to also compete on cost to improve value. No matter what payment models ultimately dominate, we need to be prepared to lead in a value-based care environment. Measures of value will either be defined by radiologists or imposed by outside entities...
September 9, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886339/longitudinal-study-of-insomnia-symptoms-among-women-during-perimenopause
#8
Colleen Ciano, Tonya S King, Robin Redmon Wright, Michael Perlis, Amy M Sawyer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of insomnia symptoms among women during perimenopause and to examine differences in self-reported insomnia symptoms at different stages of perimenopause over 10 years. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of self-reported sleep symptoms and clinical variables using 10 years of publicly available data from the Study of Women Across the Nation (SWAN). SETTING: The data set of women's insomnia symptoms was obtained from publicly available data from the SWAN...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886201/extrinsically-derived-tnf-is-primarily-responsible-for-limiting-antiviral-cd8-t-cell-response-magnitude
#9
Kylie M Quinn, Wan-Ting Kan, Katherine A Watson, Brian J Liddicoat, Natasha G Swan, Hayley McQuilten, Alice E Denton, Jasmine Li, Weisan Chen, Lorena E Brown, David C Jackson, Patrick C Reading, Peter C Doherty, Katherine Kedzierska, Lukasz Kedzierski, Stephen J Turner, Nicole L La Gruta
TNF is a pro-inflammatory cytokine produced by both lymphoid and non-lymphoid cells. As a consequence of the widespread expression of its receptors (TNFR1 and 2), TNF plays a role in many important biological processes. In the context of influenza A virus (IAV) infection, TNF has variably been implicated in mediating immunopathology as well as suppression of the immune response. Although a number of cell types are able to produce TNF, the ability of CD8+ T cells to produce TNF following viral infection is a hallmark of their effector function...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884642/the-abcs-of-burn-care-for-school-age-children
#10
Philip H Chang, Arlene Swan-Mahony
Burn injuries are among the most painful injuries any child can endure. This article explains common sources of burn injuries in student populations, diagnosis and classification of burn injuries, initial burn management, and how to determine when a child needs to be evaluated by a physician.
November 2016: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884583/herpes-esophagitis-with-concomitant-eosinophilic-esophagitis-in-a-child-a-case-report
#11
Thomas Anthony Cristoforo, Kristine Rietsma, Alexander Wilsey, Emily Kate Swan, Michael Wilsey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881357/a-novel-inhibitory-anti-invasive-mab-isolated-using-phenotypic-screening-highlights-anxa6-as-a-functionally-relevant-target-protein-in-pancreatic-cancer
#12
Dermot O'Sullivan, Paul Dowling, Helena Joyce, Edel McAuley, Andrew McCann, Michael Henry, Brianan McGovern, Paul Barham, Fergal C Kelleher, Jean Murphy, Susan Kennedy, Niall Swan, Michael Moriarty, Martin Clynes, Annemarie Larkin
BACKGROUND: Discovery and validation of new antibody tractable targets is critical for the development of new antibody therapeutics to address unmet needs in oncology. METHODS: A highly invasive clonal variant of the MDA-MB-435S cell line was used to generate monoclonal antibodies (MAbs), which were screened for anti-invasive activity against aggressive cancer cells in vitro. The molecular target of selected inhibitory MAb 9E1 was identified using immunoprecipitation/liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry...
September 7, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877813/mixed-hepatocellular-carcinoma-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-the-liver
#13
REVIEW
Erin Baker, Carl Jacobs, John Martinie, David A Iannitti, Dionisios Vrochides, Ryan Z Swan
We present the case of a 76-year-old male found to have a large tumor involving the left lateral lobe of the liver, presumed to be hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). After resection, pathologic features demonstrated both high-grade HCC and high-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC). Areas of NEC stained strongly for synaptophysin, which was not present in HCC component. The HCC component stained strongly for Hep-Par 1, which was not present in the NEC component. The patient underwent genetic analysis for biomarkers common to both tumor cell types...
November 1, 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877583/leaf-lims-a-flexible-laboratory-information-management-system-with-a-synthetic-biology-focus
#14
Thomas Craig, Richard Holland, Rosalinda D'Amore, James Johnson, Hannah V McCue, Anthony West, Valentin Zulkower, Hille Tekotte, Yizhi Cai, Daniel Swan, Robert P Davey, Christiane Hertz-Fowler, Anthony Hall, Mark Caddick
This paper presents Leaf LIMS, a flexible laboratory information management system (LIMS) designed to address the complexity of synthetic biology workflows. At the project's inception there was a lack of a LIMS designed specifically to address synthetic biology processes, with most LIMS systems focused on either next generation sequencing or biobanks and clinical sample handling. Leaf LIMS implements integrated project, item and laboratory stock tracking, offering complete sample and construct genealogy, materials and lot tracking, and modular assay data capture...
September 6, 2017: ACS Synthetic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874830/riparian-plant-litter-quality-increases-with-latitude
#15
Luz Boyero, Manuel A S Graça, Alan M Tonin, Javier Pérez, Andrew J Swafford, Verónica Ferreira, Andrea Landeira-Dabarca, Markos A Alexandrou, Mark O Gessner, Brendan G McKie, Ricardo J Albariño, Leon A Barmuta, Marcos Callisto, Julián Chará, Eric Chauvet, Checo Colón-Gaud, David Dudgeon, Andrea C Encalada, Ricardo Figueroa, Alexander S Flecker, Tadeusz Fleituch, André Frainer, José F Gonçalves, Julie E Helson, Tomoya Iwata, Jude Mathooko, Charles M'Erimba, Catherine M Pringle, Alonso Ramírez, Christopher M Swan, Catherine M Yule, Richard G Pearson
Plant litter represents a major basal resource in streams, where its decomposition is partly regulated by litter traits. Litter-trait variation may determine the latitudinal gradient in decomposition in streams, which is mainly microbial in the tropics and detritivore-mediated at high latitudes. However, this hypothesis remains untested, as we lack information on large-scale trait variation for riparian litter. Variation cannot easily be inferred from existing leaf-trait databases, since nutrient resorption can cause traits of litter and green leaves to diverge...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868753/a-spaghetti-sign-in-feline-abdominal-radiographs-predicts-spleno-systemic-collateral-circulation
#16
Swan Specchi, Ioannis Panopoulοs, Anna M Adrian, Giliola Spattini, Simona Morabito, Matthew Paek
A well-defined, tortuous, and tubular soft tissue opaque structure has been observed within the left mid abdominal cavity in digital radiographs of some cats. Authors hypothesized that this radiographic "spaghetti sign" is a predictor for spleno-systemic collateral circulation. The purpose of this multicenter, retrospective, descriptive study was to further characterize radiographic "spaghetti signs" in a group of cats and compare these signs with results of ultrasonography or computed tomography (CT). A multiinstitutional database was reviewed for radiographic reports describing the presence of a tubular tortuous structure within the left abdominal cavity of feline patients...
September 3, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866854/health-related-quality-of-life-and-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Ellie Jones, Renée Speyer, Berit Kertscher, Deborah Denman, Katina Swan, Reinie Cordier
The negative impact of increased bolus modification on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in persons with oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) has been described in previous literature; however, findings may have been influenced by the severity of OD and underlying etiology. The current systematic review therefore aims to investigate the relationships between HRQoL and OD and to report on changes in HRQoL and OD following intervention. This review was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA statement. A systematic search of the literature was performed using PubMed and Embase...
September 2, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860085/first-de-novo-whole-genome-sequencing-and-assembly-of-the-pink-footed-goose
#18
J M Pujolar, L Dalén, R A Olsen, M M Hansen, J Madsen
Annotated genomes can provide new perspectives on the biology of species. We present the first de novo whole genome sequencing for the pink-footed goose. In order to obtain a high-quality de novo assembly the strategy used was to combine one short insert paired-end library with two mate-pair libraries. The pink-footed goose genome was assembled de novo using three different assemblers and an assembly evaluation was subsequently performed in order to choose the best assembler. For our data, ALLPATHS-LG performed the best, since the assembly produced covers most of the genome, while introducing the fewest errors...
August 30, 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845305/optical-coherence-tomography-observation-of-gonio-structures-during-microhook-ab-interno-trabeculotomy
#19
Masaki Tanito
INTRODUCTION: Intraoperative observation of ocular structures using microscope-integrated optical coherence tomography (iOCT) has been adopted recently. I report my initial feasibility assessment of iOCT for the incised trabecular meshwork observation during microhook ab interno trabeculotomy. CASE SERIES: Both the nasal and temporal sides or either side of the trabecular meshwork/inner wall of Schlemm's canal was incised more than 3 clock hours. After then, under observation using a Swan-Jacob gonioprism lens with the real-time 5-line scan mode, OCT images of the area were successfully acquired in 10 (83%) of 12 sides in nine eyes...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844603/t2-star-weighted-angiography-swan-allows-to-concomitantly-assess-the-prostate-contour-while-detecting-fiducials-before-mr-based-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-in-prostate-carcinoma
#20
Pierre-Antoine Dirajlal, Eva Jambon, Agnes Albat-Esquirou, Chloe Galmiche, Jean-Christophe Bernhard, Nicolas Grenier, Thibaud Haaser, François H Cornelis
PURPOSE: To evaluate the performance of T2 star-weighted angiography (SWAN) to concomitantly assess the prostate contour while detecting fiducials before magnetic resonance (MR)-based intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) in prostate carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients (mean age: 73.1 ± 7.5 years; average Gleason score: 7 ± 1; average prostate-specific antigen: 14.7 ± 11.6 ng/mL) underwent MR and computed tomography imaging before fiducial-based IMRT...
August 22, 2017: Academic Radiology
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