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Katina Swan, Marie Hopper, Rachel Wenke, Claire Jackson, Tracy Till, Erin Conway
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the evidence for direct and indirect interventions for communication in people with moderate-severe dementia. Method: A systematic search of the literature was conducted, as per the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysed guidelines, across 8 electronic databases. Studies were included if they included direct or indirect interventions, which could be administered by a speech-language pathologist to people with moderate-severe dementia (defined as having Mini-Mental State Examination of ≤ 15; Folstein, Folstein, & McHugh, 1975)...
March 19, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Abigail Schirmer, Courtney Swan, Steven J Hughes, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Monika Oli, Sana Chaudhry, Nikolaus Gravenstein, Chris Giordano
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons reports that 60% of the hundreds of thousands of surgical site infections occurring annually are preventable. The practice of surgeons taking phone calls while remaining sterile in the operating field is often accomplished by interposing a sterile disposable towel between the phone and their glove. After completing the call, surgeons resume operating. The purpose of our study is to test the conceptual idea of whether bacteria transmit from an inanimate object, such as a telephone, to the gloves of a surgeon through a sterile disposable towel...
March 7, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Matthew Cauldwell, Francois Dos Santos, Philip J Steer, Lorna Swan, Michael Gatzoulis, Mark R Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Christopher D Mills, Chere McCamley, Michael P Swan
GOALS: To determine the effect of carbon dioxide insufflation on the most important outcome measure of colonoscopic quality: adenoma detection rate (ADR). BACKGROUND: Bowel cancer is the second most common cause of cancer deaths in males and females in Australia. Carbon dioxide has in recent times become the insufflation methodology of choice for screening colonoscopy for bowel cancer, as this has been shown to have significant advantages when compared with traditional air insufflation...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Na Zhao, Supen Wang, Hongyi Li, Shelan Liu, Meng Li, Jing Luo, Wen Su, Hongxuan He
The migration of wild birds plays an important role in the transmission and spread of H5 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus, posing a severe risk to animal and human health. Substantial evidence suggests that altered gut microbial community is implicated in the infection of respiratory influenza virus. However, the influence of H5N1 infection in gut microbiota of migratory birds remains unknown. In January 2015, a novel recombinant H5N1 virus emerged and killed about 100 migratory birds, mainly including whooper swans in Sanmenxia Reservoir Area of China...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Ata Ghavidel, Kunal Baxi, Martin Prusinkiewicz, Cynthia Swan, Zach R Belak, Christopher H Eskiw, Carlos E Carvalho, Troy A Harkness
The yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae , like other higher eukaryotes, undergo a finite number of cell divisions before exiting the cell cycle due to the effects of aging. Here, we show that yeast aging begins with the nuclear exclusion of Hcm1 in young cells, resulting in loss of acidic vacuoles. Autophagy is required for healthy aging in yeast, with proteins targeted for turnover by autophagy directed to the vacuole. Consistent with this, vacuolar acidity is necessary for vacuolar function and yeast longevity...
March 8, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Tom Swan, L P Lounibos, N Nishimura
Invasive container mosquito species Aedes aegypti (L.) and Ae. albopictus (Skuse) frequently co-occur in nature where they are typically segregated spatially by distinctive macrohabitat preferences that may select for different oviposition strategies. In a standard cage environment, we compared oviposition site selection by individual gravid females of these species exposed to variable numbers of water-holding cups and the presence or absence of a rugose wettable container lining. Offered plastic cups with and without lining, both species laid a significantly higher percentage of eggs in cups with lining (95...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Entomology
B Le Glédic, J J Hidalgo Diaz, P Vernet, S Gouzou, S Facca, P Liverneaux
No study has compared the QuickDASH score after Swanson implant arthroplasty performed by dorsal versus volar approaches. This study compared the outcomes of PIP arthroplasties through a volar approach as described by Schneider versus a dorsal approach as described by Chamay by determining the QuickDASH score, pain and range of motion. Our series included 21 Swanson implant arthroplasty cases in 17 patients aged 62 years on average, among which 12 were females. A volar approach was performed in 9 cases (group I) and a dorsal approach was performed in 12 cases (group II)...
March 1, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Trevor Kindle, Tanner Ferguson, Mitch Ibach, Michael Greenwood, Justin Schweitzer, Russell Swan, Ramu G Sudhagoni, John P Berdahl
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of intravitreal administration of a steroid and antibiotics during cataract surgery compared with the typical postoperative topical regimen in preventing postoperative inflammation, pain, cystoid macular edema (CME), and endophthalmitis. SETTING: Private practice, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, USA. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: The study group included eyes that had an intravitreal injection of triamcinolone-moxifloxacin-vancomycin at the time of cataract surgery with concomitant trabecular microbypass stent insertion...
January 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
M E Sloan, T D Klepp, J L Gowin, J E Swan, H Sun, B L Stangl, V A Ramchandani
The endogenous opioid system may be involved in the development and maintenance of alcohol use disorder (AUD) and is a target for existing AUD pharmacotherapies. A functional polymorphism of the mu-opioid receptor gene (OPRM1 A118G, rs1799971) may alter the risk of developing AUD. Human laboratory studies have demonstrated that minor allele carriers self-administer more alcohol, show greater sensitivity to alcohol's effects, and exhibit increased alcohol-induced dopamine release. On the other hand, large genome-wide association studies and meta-analyses of candidate gene studies have not found an association between this genotype and alcohol dependence diagnosis...
February 2, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Justin A Kraft, Matthew L Laurent, James Matthew Green, Jessica Helm, Cooper Roberts, Swan Holt
Monitoring training and recovery are essential for exercise programming. Athletes can validly assess training load (TL) via the session rating of perceived exertion (SRPE) technique. However, it is unclear if coaches can successfully use this model. PURPOSE: This study compared coach and athlete perceptions of effort and recovery and evaluated the efficacy of perceptually-based TL monitoring. METHODS: Participants included 56 athletes (Women's volleyball, soccer, and basketball and Men's basketball) and their coaches (n = 4)...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Karoline Sauss, Stefanie Ehrentraut, Ana Claudia Zenclussen, Anne Schumacher
PROBLEM: Dendritic cells (DCs) are critically involved in fetal fate due to their capability to promote either immunity or tolerance to foreign fetal antigens. Our study aimed to investigate whether the hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) affects different peripheral blood DC (PBDCs) subsets. METHOD OF STUDY: PBDCs were isolated from non-pregnant women, stimulated and co-cultured with hCG-producing JEG-3 or non hCG-producing SWAN-71 trophoblasts as well as with two different hCG preparations...
February 28, 2018: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
Shaochun Xu, Pengmei Wang, Yi Zhou, Xiaomei Zhang, Ruiting Gu, Xujia Liu, Bingjian Liu, Xiaoyue Song, Shuai Xu, Shidong Yue
Seagrasses are important components of global coastal ecosystems, and the eelgrass Zostera marina L. is widely distributed along the Atlantic and Pacific coasts in the temperate northern hemisphere, but limited datum related to the contribution of sexual reproduction to population recruitment have been reported. This study aimed to understand eelgrass sexual reproduction and population recruitment in Swan Lake (SLL), and Huiquan Bay (HQB) was included for comparison. Random sampling, permanent quadrats or cores and laboratory seed germination-based experimental methods were employed...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Xin Wang, Lei Cao, Inga Bysykatova, Zhenggang Xu, Sonia Rozenfeld, Wooseog Jeong, Didier Vangeluwe, Yunlin Zhao, Tianhe Xie, Kunpeng Yi, Anthony David Fox
The degree of inhospitable terrain encountered by migrating birds can dramatically affect migration strategies and their evolution as well as influence the way we develop our contemporary flyway conservation responses to protect them. We used telemetry data from 44 tagged individuals of four large-bodied, Arctic breeding waterbird species (two geese, a swan and one crane species) to show for the first time that these birds fly non-stop over the Far East taiga forest, despite their differing ecologies and migration routes...
2018: PeerJ
Hilary M Haftel, Rebecca Swan, Marsha S Anderson, Grace L Caputo, John G Frohna, Su-Ting T Li, Richard P Shugerman, Franklin Trimm, Robert J Vinci, Linda A Waggoner-Fountain, Susan B Bostwick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Gang Wang, Zsigmond Varga, Jennifer Hofmann, Isidro E Zarraga, James W Swan
Reversible self-association of therapeutic antibodies is a key factor in high protein solution viscosities. In the present work, a coarse-grained computational model accounting for electrostatic, dispersion and long-ranged hydrodynamic interactions of two model monoclonal antibodies is applied to understand the nature of self-association, predicting the solution micro-structure and resulting transport properties of the solution. For the proteins investigated, the structure factor across a range of solution conditions shows quantitative agreement with neutron scattering experiments...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Tricia B Swan, D Alexander Kranc
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Evdochia Adoamnei, Jaime Mendiola, Miriam Moñino-García, Fernando Vela-Soria, Luz M Iribarne-Durán, Mariana F Fernández, Nicolás Olea, Niels Jørgensen, Shanna H Swan, Alberto M Torres-Cantero
BACKGROUND: Benzophenone (BP)-type ultraviolet (UV) light filters are chemicals frequently added to personal care products, insect repellents, sunscreens, and beverage and food packaging to diminish the harmful effects of UV sunlight on human skin or foodstuffs. BP-type UV filters have shown negative effects on male reproduction function in in vitro and animal models, but human epidemiologic studies are limited. The goal of this study was to examine associations between urinary concentrations of BP-type UV filters and semen quality and reproductive hormone levels...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Zsigmond Varga, James W Swan
The normal modes and relaxation rates of weak colloidal gels are investigated in calculations using different models of the hydrodynamic interactions between suspended particles. The relaxation spectrum is computed for freely draining, Rotne-Prager-Yamakawa, and accelerated Stokesian dynamics approximations of the hydrodynamic mobility in a normal mode analysis of a harmonic network representing several colloidal gels. We find that the density of states and spatial structure of the normal modes are fundamentally altered by long-ranged hydrodynamic coupling among the particles...
January 2018: Physical Review. E
Eduardo Jaramillo, Nelson A Lagos, Fabio A Labra, Enrique Paredes, Emilio Acuña, Daniel Melnick, Mario Manzano, Carlos Velásquez, Cristian Duarte
In 2004 migration and mortality for unknown reasons of the herbivorous Black necked swan (Cygnus melancorhyphus (Molina, 1782)) occurred within the Río Cruces wetland (southern Chile), a Ramsar Site and nature sanctuary. Before 2004, this wetland hosted the largest breeding population of this water bird in the Neotropic Realm. The concurrent decrease in the spatial occurrence of the aquatic plant Egeria densa Planch. 1849 - the main food source of swans - was proposed as a cause for swan migration and mortality...
February 12, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
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