keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Plexus injury

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350333/deltoid-muscle-morphometry-as-an-index-of-impaired-skeletal-muscularity-in-neonatal-intensive-care
#1
Theodore Dassios, Ourania Kaltsogianni, Miltiadis Krokidis, Ann Hickey, Anne Greenough
We hypothesised that extremely premature infants would have decreased muscle mass at term-corrected age compared to term-born infants and that the degree of reduced muscle mass acquisition would correlate with the duration of invasive mechanical ventilation. The MRI brain scans of infants admitted in the neonatal unit at King's College Hospital between 1 January 2010 and 1 June 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. The coronal cross-sectional area of the left deltoid muscle (DCSA) was measured in 17 infants born < 28 weeks of gestation and in 20 infants born at term...
January 19, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349390/durability-of-the-viabahn-stent-graft-after-axillary-artery-pseudoaneurysm-exclusion
#2
Aaron Y Chen, Isaac Laniado, Peter H Lin
Pseudoaneurysm formation caused by iatrogenic arterial injury during a regional anesthetic block is a rare complication. We report a case of a 56-year-old male patient who developed an axillary artery pseudoaneurysm caused by brachial plexus block performed for an upper extremity dialysis access operation. Successful repair of this pseudoaneurysm was achieved with endovascular stent graft exclusion. The repaired axillary artery with the stent graft remained patent after 10 years of follow-up. The successful long-term patency of this treatment and a strategy to potentially avoid this complication are discussed...
June 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343900/direct-electrical-injury-to-brachial-plexus
#3
Maksud Mubarak Devale, Gaurav Jatin Kadakia, Vicky Ghewarchand Jain, Rohit Prakash Munot
Electrical current can cause neurological damage directly or by conversion to thermal energy. However, electrical injury causing isolated brachial plexus injury without cutaneous burns is extremely rare. We present a case of a 17-year-old boy who sustained accidental electrical injury to left upper extremity with no associated entry or exit wounds. Complete motor and sensory loss in upper limb were noted immediately after injury. Subsequently, the patient showed partial recovery in muscles around the shoulder and in ulnar nerve distribution at 6 months...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323028/surgical-reconstruction-of-spinal-cord-circuit-provides-functional-return-in-humans
#4
REVIEW
Thomas Carlstedt, Nicholas James, Mårten Risling
This mini review describes the current surgical strategy for restoring function after traumatic spinal nerve root avulsion in brachial or lumbosacral plexus injury in man. As this lesion is a spinal cord or central nervous injury functional return depends on spinal cord nerve cell growth within the central nervous system. Basic science, clinical research and human application has demonstrated good and useful motor function after ventral root avulsion followed by spinal cord reimplantation. Recently, sensory return could be demonstrated following spinal cord surgery bypassing the injured primary sensory neuron...
December 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318427/mr-neurography-in-traumatic-non-obstetric-paediatric-brachial-plexopathy
#5
Vaishali Upadhyaya, Divya Narain Upadhyaya, Brijesh Mishra
OBJECTIVES: Many studies have elaborated on the role of magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) in evaluating traumatic brachial plexopathies. Most of these deal with MR findings in adult traumatic plexopathies or children with obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBPP). Hence, the authors felt the need for this particular study, which focuses on MRN findings in children with non-obstetric traumatic brachial plexus palsy, to find out the distribution and severity of injuries in these patients...
January 9, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305235/validation-of-isometric-tetanic-force-as-a-measure-of-muscle-recovery-after-nerve-injury-in-the-rabbit-biceps
#6
Kathleen M Kollitz, Guilherme Giusti, Patricia F Friedrich, Allen T Bishop, Alexander Y Shin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe and validate a technique for measurement of isometric tetanic force (ITF) in the rabbit biceps muscle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen New Zealand White rabbits were randomized to test either the right side or the left side first. Under propofol anesthesia, the brachial plexus and biceps brachii were exposed. The middle trunk (C6, C7) was secured in a bipolar electrode. Compound muscle action potential (CMAP) was measured...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303230/planned-birth-at-or-near-term-for-improving-health-outcomes-for-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-and-their-infants
#7
REVIEW
Linda M Biesty, Aoife M Egan, Fidelma Dunne, Eugene Dempsey, Pauline Meskell, Valerie Smith, G Meabh Ni Bhuinneain, Declan Devane
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. Women with gestational diabetes are more likely to experience adverse health outcomes such as pre-eclampsia or polyhydramnios (excess amniotic fluid). Their babies are also more likely to have health complications such as macrosomia (birthweight > 4000 g) and being large-for-gestational age (birthweight above the 90th percentile for gestational age). Current clinical guidelines support elective birth, at or near term in women with gestational diabetes to minimise perinatal complications, especially those related to macrosomia...
January 5, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298304/the-vienna-psychosocial-assessment-procedure-for-bionic-reconstruction-in-patients-with-global-brachial-plexus-injuries
#8
Laura Antonia Hruby, Anna Pittermann, Agnes Sturma, Oskar Christian Aszmann
BACKGROUND: Global brachial plexopathies cause major sensory and motor deficits in the affected arm and hand. Many patients report of psychosocial consequences including chronic pain, decreased self-sufficiency, and poor body image. Bionic reconstruction, which includes the amputation and prosthetic replacement of the functionless limb, has been shown to restore hand function in patients where classic reconstructions have failed. Patient selection and psychological evaluation before such a life-changing procedure are crucial for optimal functional outcomes...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291497/a-descriptive-study-of-accidental-skeletal-injuries-and-non-accidental-skeletal-injuries-of-child-maltreatment
#9
Maha A H Ghanem, Tarek A Moustafa, Haidy M Megahed, Naglaa Salama, Sara A Ghitani
BACKGROUND: Lack of awareness and recognition of child maltreatment is the major reason behind underreporting. All victims often interact with the health care system for routine or emergency care. In several research works, non-accidental fractures are the second most common injury in maltreated children and it is represented up to one-third of cases. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine the incidence of different types of accidental and non-accidental skeletal injuries among children, estimate the severity of injuries according to the modified injury severity score and to determine the degree of fractures either closed or opened (Gustiloe-Anderson open fracture classification)...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291296/acute-repair-of-traumatic-pan-brachial-plexus-injury-technical-considerations-and-approaches
#10
Hussam Abou-Al-Shaar, Michael Karsy, Vijay Ravindra, Evan Joyce, Mark A Mahan
Particularly challenging after complete brachial plexus avulsion is reestablishing effective hand function, due to limited neurological donors to reanimate the arm. Acute repair of avulsion injuries may enable reinnervation strategies for achieving hand function. This patient presented with pan-brachial plexus injury. Given its irreparable nature, the authors recommended multistage reconstruction, including contralateral C-7 transfer for hand function, multiple intercostal nerves for shoulder/triceps function, shoulder fusion, and spinal accessory nerve-to-musculocutaneous nerve transfer for elbow flexion...
January 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291295/radial-to-axillary-nerve-transfer
#11
Vicente Vanaclocha, Juan Manuel Herrera, Marlon Rivera-Paz, Deborah Martínez-Gómez, Leyre Vanaclocha
Axillary nerve injury is common after brachial plexus injuries, particularly with shoulder luxation. Nerve grafting is the traditional procedure for postganglionic injuries. Nerve transfer is emerging as a viable option particularly in late referrals. At the proximal arm the radial and axillary nerves lie close by. Sacrificing one of the triceps muscle nerve branches induces little negative consequences. Transferring the long head of the triceps nerve branch is a good option to recover axillary nerve function...
January 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290128/short-term-outcomes-of-lateral-lumbar-interbody-fusion-without-decompression-for-the-treatment-of-symptomatic-degenerative-spondylolisthesis-at-l4-5
#12
Peter G Campbell, Pierce D Nunley, David Cavanaugh, Eubulus Kerr, Philip Andrew Utter, Kelly Frank, Marcus Stone
OBJECTIVE Recently, authors have called into question the utility and complication index of the lateral lumbar interbody fusion procedure at the L4-5 level. Furthermore, the need for direct decompression has also been debated. Here, the authors report the clinical and radiographic outcomes of transpsoas lumbar interbody fusion, relying only on indirect decompression to treat patients with neurogenic claudication secondary to Grade 1 and 2 spondylolisthesis at the L4-5 level. METHODS The authors conducted a retrospective evaluation of 18 consecutive patients with Grade 1 or 2 spondylolisthesis from a prospectively maintained database...
January 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280873/comparison-of-surgical-strategies-between-proximal-nerve-graft-and-or-nerve-transfer-and-distal-nerve-transfer-based-on-functional-restoration-of-elbow-flexion-a-retrospective-review-of-147-patients
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Ching-Hsuan Hu, Tommy Nai-Jen Chang, Johnny Chuieng-Yi Lu, Vincent G Laurence, David Chwei-Chin Chuang
BACKGROUND: Surgical strategy to treat incomplete brachial plexus injury with palsies of the shoulder and elbow by using proximal nerve graft/transfer or distal nerve transfer is still debated. The aim of this study was to compare both strategies with respect to the recovery of elbow flexion. METHODS: One hundred forty-seven patients were enrolled: 76 patients underwent reconstruction using proximal nerve graft/transfer, and 71 patients underwent reconstruction using distal nerve transfer...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275608/-application-of-the-supine-position-in-microsurgery-for-lesions-of-the-cerebellopontine-angle
#14
J Q Li, G Chen, X Li, Z Wang, D Zhou
Objective: To validate the usefulness of the supine position in microsurgery for lesions of the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) by the retrosigmoid approach. Methods: Thirty-nine patients with lesions (22 cases of tumor, 11 cases of trigeminal neuralgia and 6 cases of hemifacial spasm) of the CPA underwent tumor resection surgery or microvascular decompression surgery (MVDS). The patients were operated on in the supine position by retrosigmoid approach with the head turned 50 to 60 degrees away from the lesion and with slight forward flexion of the neck...
December 12, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247625/preliminary-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-brachial-assessment-tool-part-2-construct-validity-and-responsiveness
#15
Bridget Hill, Gavin Williams, John Olver, Scott Ferris, Andrea Bialocerkowski
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate construct validity and responsiveness of the Brachial Assessment Tool (BrAT), a new patient-reported outcome measure for people with traumatic Brachial Plexus Injury (BPI) and to compare it to the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) and the Upper Extremity Functional Index (UEFI) DESIGN: Cross sectional study SETTING: Outpatient clinics PARTICIPANTS: Adults with confirmed traumatic BPI INTERVENTION: 29 people (aged 20 - 69 years) with BPI completed the BrAT three times over an 18-month period together with sixteen DASH activity items and the UEFI...
December 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244216/relationship-between-glenoid-deformity-and-gait-characteristics-in-a-rat-model-of-neonatal-brachial-plexus-injury
#16
Kelsey Hennen, Dustin L Crouch, Ian D Hutchinson, Zhongyu Li, Katherine Saul
Neonatal brachial plexus injury (NBPI) results in substantial postural and functional impairments associated with underlying muscular and osseous deformities. We examined the relationship between glenoid deformity severity and gait in a rat model of NBPI, an established model for studying the in vivo pathomechanics of NBPI. At 8 weeks post-operatively, we monitored the gait of twenty-four rat pups who exhibited varying degrees of glenoid deformity following unilateral brachial plexus neurectomy and chemodenervation interventions administered 5 days postnatal...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237929/contralateral-c7-nerve-root-transfer-for-function-recovery-in-adults-a-meta-analysis
#17
Wen-Jun Li, Li-Yue He, Shan-Lin Chen, Yan-Wei Lyu, Shu-Feng Wang, Yang Yong, Wen Tian, Guang-Lei Tian, Yu-Dong Gu
BACKGROUND: Root avulsion to all 5 roots of the brachial plexus is a common presentation and keeps a major reconstructive challenge. The contralateral C7 (CC7) nerve transfer has been used in treating brachial plexus avulsion injury (BPAI) since 1986. However, the effectiveness of the procedure remains a subject of controversy. The aim of this meta-analysis was to study surgical outcomes regarding motor and sensory recovery after CC7 nerve transfer. METHODS: Chinese or English (i...
December 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236823/good-sensory-recovery-of-the-hand-in-brachial-plexus-surgery-using-the-intercostobrachial-nerve-as-the-donor
#18
Luciano Foroni, Mário Gilberto Siqueira, Roberto Sérgio Martins, Carlos Otto Heise, Hugo Sterman, Adriana Yoriko Imamura
OBJECTIVE: Restoration of the sensitivity to sensory stimuli in complete brachial plexus injury is very important. The objective of our study was to evaluate sensory recovery in brachial plexus surgery using the intercostobrachial nerve (ICBN) as the donor. METHODS: Eleven patients underwent sensory reconstruction using the ICBN as a donor to the lateral cord contribution to the median nerve, with a mean follow-up period of 41 months. A protocol evaluation was performed...
November 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224268/-applied-anatomy-study-of-posterior-approach-via-sacrectomy-for-reaching-the-deep-intrapelvic-sacral-plexus
#19
F Li, S F Wang, P C Li, Y H Xue
Objective: To observe the possibility of posterior approach via sacrectomy for reaching intrapelvic sacral plexus and expose the deep intrapelvic origin of sciatic nerve from sacral plexus in order to perform nerve graft. Methods: Five adult cadaver specimens were used in the study with prone position in May 2012. Cut off the gluteus maximus along the origins and lift to the lateral side, the piriformis was lay beneath. The sciatic nerve and the inferior gluteal nerve pierced from the infrapiriformis foramen in the operative field...
December 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221280/transmanubrial-osteomuscular-sparing-approach-for-resection-of-cervico-thoracic-lesions
#20
Xufeng Pan, Chang Gu, Rui Wang, Heng Zhao, Jun Yang, Jianxin Shi
Background: To review our experience of transmanubrial osteomuscular sparing approach (TMA) for resection of various lesions involving the thoracic inlet and to prove the feasibility and safety of the approach. Methods: Retrospective review of 58 consecutive cases, from April 2007 to January 2016, with surgical resection of cervico-thoracic lesions via TMA. Results: There were 22 neurogenic tumors, 21 bronchogenic tumors, and 15 other cases in the study...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
keyword
keyword
79612
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"