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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821569/elevated-temperature-and-acclimation-time-affect-metabolic-performance-in-the-heavily-exploited-nile-perch-of-lake-victoria
#1
Elizabeth A Nyboer, Lauren J Chapman
Increasing water temperatures due to anthropogenic climate change are predicted to negatively impact the aerobic metabolic performance of aquatic ectotherms. Specifically, it has been hypothesized that thermal increases result in reductions in aerobic scope (AS), which lead to decreases in energy available for essential fitness and performance functions. Consequences of warming are anticipated to be especially severe for warm-adapted tropical species as they are thought to have narrow thermal windows and limited plasticity for coping with elevated temperatures...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821545/heterologous-production-of-thermophile-thermochromatium-tepidum-photosynthetic-reaction-centre-and-light-harvesting-1-complexes-in-the-mesophile-rhodobacter-sphaeroides-and-thermal-stabilities-of-a-hybrid-core-complex
#2
D Jun, V Huang, J T Beatty
The photosynthetic complexes of the thermophile Thermochromatium tepidum are of considerable interest in biohybrid solar cell applications because of the capability of thermophilic proteins to tolerate elevated temperatures. Synthetic operons encoding reaction centre (RC) and light harvesting 1 (LH1) pigment-protein complexes of T. tepidum were expressed in the mesophile Rhodobacter sphaeroides The T. tepidum RC (TRC) was assembled, and functional with the addition of menadione to populate the QA pocket. The production of the T...
August 18, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820496/energy-efficiency-maximization-for-wsns-with-simultaneous-wireless-information-and-power-transfer
#3
Hongyan Yu, Yongqiang Zhang, Songtao Guo, Yuanyuan Yang, Luyue Ji
Recently, the simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) technique has been regarded as a promising approach to enhance performance of wireless sensor networks with limited energy supply. However, from a green communication perspective, energy efficiency optimization for SWIPT system design has not been investigated in Wireless Rechargeable Sensor Networks (WRSNs). In this paper, we consider the tradeoffs between energy efficiency and three factors including spectral efficiency, the transmit power and outage target rate for two different modes, i...
August 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819324/nano-hybrid-plasmonic-photocatalyst-for-hydrogen-production-at-20-efficiency
#4
Mariia V Pavliuk, Arthur B Fernandes, Mohamed Abdellah, Daniel L A Fernandes, Caroline O Machado, Igor Rocha, Yocefu Hattori, Cristina Paun, Erick L Bastos, Jacinto Sá
The efficient conversion of light energy into chemical energy is key for sustainable human development. Several photocatalytic systems based on photovoltaic electrolysis have been used to produce hydrogen via water reduction. However, in such devices, light harvesting and proton reduction are carried separately, showing quantum efficiency of about 10-12%. Here, we report a nano-hybrid photocatalytic assembly that enables concomitant reductive hydrogen production and pollutant oxidation with solar-to-fuel efficiencies up to 20%...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817256/tailorable-exciton-transport-in-doped-peptide-amphiphile-assemblies
#5
Lee A Solomon, Matthew E Sykes, Yimin A Wu, Richard D Schaller, Gary P Wiederrecht, Harry Christopher Fry
Light-harvesting biomaterials are an attractive target in photovoltaics, photocatalysis, and artificial photosynthesis. Through peptide self-assembly, complex nanostructures can be engineered to study the role of chromophore organization during light absorption and energy transport. To this end, we demonstrate the one-dimensional transport of excitons along naturally occurring, light-harvesting, Zn-protoporphyrin IX chromophores within self-assembled peptide-amphiphile nanofibers. The internal structure of the nanofibers induces packing of the porphyrins into linear chains...
August 17, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817145/coherent-electronic-and-nuclear-dynamics-in-a-rhodamine-heterodimer-dna-supramolecular-complex
#6
M Cipolloni, B Fresch, I Occhiuto, P Rukin, K G Komarova, A Cecconello, I Willner, R D Levine, F Remacle, E Collini
Elucidating the role of quantum coherences in energy migration within biological and artificial multichromophoric antenna systems is the subject of an intense debate. It is also a practical matter because of the decisive implications for understanding the biological processes and engineering artificial materials for solar energy harvesting. A supramolecular rhodamine heterodimer on a DNA scaffold was suitably engineered to mimic the basic donor-acceptor unit of light-harvesting antennas. Ultrafast 2D electronic spectroscopic measurements allowed identifying clear features attributable to a coherent superposition of dimer electronic and vibrational states contributing to the coherent electronic charge beating between the donor and the acceptor...
August 17, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816659/low-frequency-and-broadband-vibration-energy-harvesting-using-base-mounted-piezoelectric-transducers
#7
Robert Koven, Matthew Mills, Richard Gale, Burak Aksak
Piezoelectric vibration energy harvesters often consist of a cantilevered beam composed of a support layer and one or two piezoelectric layers with a tip mass. While this configuration is advantageous for maximizing electromechanical coupling, the mechanical properties of the piezoelectric material can place limitations on harvester size and resonant frequency. Here, we present numerical and experimental results from a new type of piezoelectric energy harvester in which the mechanical properties and the resonant frequency of the cantilever beam resonator are effectively decoupled from the piezoelectric component...
August 14, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816435/fiber-based-double-sided-reduced-graphene-oxide-films-for-efficient-solar-vapor-generation
#8
Ankang Guo, Xin Ming, Yang Fu, Gang Wang, Xianbao Wang
Solar vapor generation is a promising and whole new branch of photothermal conversion for harvesting solar energy. Various materials and devices for solar thermal conversion were successively produced and reported for higher solar energy utilization in the past few years. Herein, a compact device of reduced graphene oxides (rGO) and paper fibers was designed and assembled for efficient solar steam generation under light illumination, and it consists of water supply pipelines (WSP), a thermal insulator (TI) and a double-sided absorbing film (DSF)...
August 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815237/induced-polarization-restricts-the-conformational-distribution-of-a-light-harvesting-molecular-triad-in-the-ground-state
#9
Oleg N Starovoytov, Pengzhi Zhang, Piotr Cieplak, Margaret S Cheung
The light-harvesting molecular triad consisting of carotenoid polyene (C), diaryl-porphyrin (P) and pyrrole-fullerene (C60) is a donor-acceptor molecule capable of absorbing incident light in the visible range. Its ability to convert solar energy to electrical excitation and charge separation energy suggests a great potential in real-world applications. The ensemble of its conformations under ambient conditions varies widely according to its electronic state. In previous work, we applied a non-polarizable model to study the conformational distribution of the molecular triad in the ground and charge separated states...
August 17, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814749/preparation-of-ch3nh3pbi3-thin-films-with-tens-of-micrometer-scale-at-high-temperature
#10
Hao Zhang, Mian Tao, Baizhi Gao, Wei Chen, Qi Li, Qingyu Xu, Shuai Dong
The fabrication of high-quality organic-inorganic hybrid halide perovskite layers is the key prerequisite for the realization of high efficient photon energy harvest and electric energy conversion in their related solar cells. In this article, we report a novel fabrication technique of CH3NH3PbI3 layers based on high temperature chemical vapor reaction. CH3NH3PbI3 layers have been prepared by the reaction of PbI2 films which were deposited by pulsed laser deposition, with CH3NH3I vapor at various temperatures from 160 °C to 210 °C...
August 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814740/a-flexible-electret-membrane-with-persistent-electrostatic-effect-and-resistance-to-harsh-environment-for-energy-harvesting
#11
Xiao Huiming, Chen Gangjin, Chen Xuming, Chen Zhi
A novel flexible electret membrane, exhibiting persistent electrostatic effect, distinctive temperature stability and outstanding capability of resistance to harsh environment and fatigue, is demonstrated by experiment. Its excellent electret performance is correlated to the synergy of three factors, which are space charge injection, dipole orientation and interfacial polarization according to the analysis of charge storage mechanism. This electret membrane is provided with sandwich configuration PTFE/THV/PTFE, prepared by hot pressing method and thermal charging technology...
August 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814001/design-of-an-energy-efficient-transfemoral-prosthesis-using-lockable-parallel-springs-and-electrical-energy-transfer
#12
Francois Heremans, Renaud Ronsse
Over the last decade, active lower-limb prostheses demonstrated their ability to restore a normal gait for transfemoral amputees by supplying the required positive energy balance [1]. However, the added-value of such devices is significantly impacted by their limited energetic autonomy preventing their full appropriation by the patients. There is thus a strong incentive to reduce the overall power consumption of active prostheses. Addressing this need requires to revisit the electromechanical design. For both the ankle and the knee, the present paper demonstrates that both the use of a lockable parallel spring and the transfer of electrical energy between joints can significantly improve the energetic performance for overground walking...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813042/the-carotenoid-pathway-what-is-important-for-excitation-quenching-in-plant-antenna-complexes
#13
Kieran F Fox, Vytautas Balevičius, Jevgenij Chmeliov, Leonas Valkunas, Alexander V Ruban, Christopher D P Duffy
Plant light-harvesting is regulated by the Non-Photochemical Quenching (NPQ) mechanism involving the reversible formation of excitation quenching sites in the Photosystem II (PSII) antenna in response to high light. While the major antenna complex, LHCII, is known to be a site of NPQ, the precise mechanism of excitation quenching is not clearly understood. A preliminary model of the quenched crystal structure of LHCII implied that quenching arises from slow energy capture by Car pigments. It predicted a thoroughly quenched system but offered little insight into the defining aspects of this quenching...
August 16, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812168/a-wireless-pressure-sensor-for-continuous%C3%A2-monitoring-of-intraocular-pressure-in-conscious-animals
#14
Simon A Bello, Christopher L Passaglia
An important aspect of eye health in humans and animal models of human diseases is intraocular pressure (IOP). IOP is typically measured by hand with a tonometer, so data are sparse and sporadic and round-the-clock variations are not well characterized. Here we present a novel system for continuous wireless IOP and temperature measurement in small animals. The system consists of a cannula implanted in the anterior chamber of the eye connected to pressure sensing electronics that can be worn by rats or implanted in larger mammals...
August 15, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812075/evidence-for-coherent-mixing-of-excited-and-charge-transfer-states-in-the-major-plant-light-harvesting-antenna-lhcii
#15
Charusheela Ramanan, Marco Ferretti, Henny van Roon, Vladimir I Novoderezhkin, Rienk van Grondelle
LHCII, the major light harvesting antenna from plants, plays a dual role in photosynthesis. In low light it is a light-harvester, while in high light it is a quencher that protects the organism from photodamage. The switching mechanism between these two orthogonal conditions is mediated by protein dynamic disorder and photoprotective energy dissipation. The latter in particular is thought to occur in part via spectroscopically 'dark' states. We searched for such states in LHCII trimers from spinach, at both room temperature and at 77 K...
August 16, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811339/heritable-bovine-rumen-bacteria-are-phylogenetically-related-and-correlated-with-the-cow-s-capacity-to-harvest-energy-from-its-feed
#16
Goor Sasson, Sheerli Kruger Ben-Shabat, Eyal Seroussi, Adi Doron-Faigenboim, Naama Shterzer, Shamay Yaacoby, Margret E Berg Miller, Bryan A White, Eran Halperin, Itzhak Mizrahi
Ruminants sustain a long-lasting obligatory relationship with their rumen microbiome dating back 50 million years. In this unique host-microbiome relationship, the host's ability to digest its feed is completely dependent on its coevolved microbiome. This extraordinary alliance raises questions regarding the dependent relationship between ruminants' genetics and physiology and the rumen microbiome structure, composition, and metabolism. To elucidate this relationship, we examined the association of host genetics with the phylogenetic and functional composition of the rumen microbiome...
August 15, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809422/light-harvesting-synthetic-nano-and-micromotors-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Hamed Eskandarloo, Arkaye Kierulf, Alireza Abbaspourrad
Nano- and micromotors are machines that can be made to perform specialized tasks as they propel themselves in response to certain stimuli. While the design of these self-propelling nano- and micromotors remains challenging, they have nevertheless attracted considerable research due to their many promising applications. Most self-propelled nano- and micromotors are based on the conversion of chemical energy into mechanical movement. Recently, however, the development of motors that can be propelled by light as an external stimulus has received much attention...
August 15, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809085/electric-and-mechanical-switching-of-ferroelectric-and-resistive-states-in-semiconducting-batio3-%C3%AE-films-on-silicon
#18
Andrés Gómez, José Manuel Vila-Fungueiriño, Rahma Moalla, Guillaume Saint-Girons, Jaume Gázquez, María Varela, Romain Bachelet, Martí Gich, Francisco Rivadulla, Adrián Carretero-Genevrier
Materials that can couple electrical and mechanical properties constitute a key element of smart actuators, energy harvesters, or many sensing devices. Within this class, functional oxides display specific mesoscale responses which often result in great sensitivity to small external stimuli. Here, a novel combination of molecular beam epitaxy and a water-based chemical-solution method is used for the design of mechanically controlled multilevel device integrated on silicon. In particular, the possibility of adding extra functionalities to a ferroelectric oxide heterostructure by n-doping and nanostructuring a BaTiO3 thin film on Si(001) is explored...
August 15, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808691/fluoride-depletes-acidogenic-taxa-in-oral-but-not-gut-microbial-communities-in-mice
#19
Koji Yasuda, Tiffany Hsu, Carey A Gallini, Lauren J Mclver, Emma Schwager, Andy Shi, Casey R DuLong, Randall N Schwager, Galeb S Abu-Ali, Eric A Franzosa, Wendy S Garrett, Curtis Huttenhower, Xochitl C Morgan
Fluoridation of drinking water and dental products prevents dental caries primarily by inhibiting energy harvest in oral cariogenic bacteria (such as Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguinis), thus leading to their depletion. However, the extent to which oral and gut microbial communities are affected by host fluoride exposure has been underexplored. In this study, we modeled human fluoride exposures to municipal water and dental products by treating mice with low or high levels of fluoride over a 12-week period...
July 2017: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808108/chloroplast-thioredoxin-systems-prospects-for-improving-photosynthesis
#20
REVIEW
Lauri Nikkanen, Jouni Toivola, Manuel Guinea Diaz, Eevi Rintamäki
Thioredoxins (TRXs) are protein oxidoreductases that control the structure and function of cellular proteins by cleavage of a disulphide bond between the side chains of two cysteine residues. Oxidized thioredoxins are reactivated by thioredoxin reductases (TR) and a TR-dependent reduction of TRXs is called a thioredoxin system. Thiol-based redox regulation is an especially important mechanism to control chloroplast proteins involved in biogenesis, in regulation of light harvesting and distribution of light energy between photosystems, in photosynthetic carbon fixation and other biosynthetic pathways, and in stress responses of plants...
September 26, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
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