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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682360/infant-oral-mutilation
#1
Emily A Pope, Michael W Roberts, E LaRee Johnson, Clark L Morris
Ebinyo refers to the practice of removing primary canine tooth follicles in infants without anesthetic by African traditional healers or elders using unsterilized instruments. This report describes a case of ebinyo or infant oral mutilation (IOM) and associated sequelae in a child adopted from a remote African tribe. The intraoral examination revealed that the patient was missing his primary maxillary and mandibular canines. The maxillary anterior periapical radiograph displayed a dysmorphic ectopic unerupted maxillary right primary canine positioned mesial to the maxillary right primary first molar...
2018: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628741/caries-risk-profiles-in-orthodontic-patients-a-4-year-follow-up-study-using-the-cariogram-model-in-governmental-vs-private-clinics
#2
Naif A Almosa, Ted Lundgren, Anas Al-Mulla, Dowen Birkhed, Heidrun Kjellberg
Objectives: To (1) analyze caries-related factors and (2) evaluate caries risk using the Cariogram model for governmental and private orthodontic patients at de-bonding and 4 years after de-bonding. Materials and methods: Forty orthodontic patients with mean age of 26.4 years were recruited from a governmental (G) group (n = 20) and private (P) group (n = 20) and were examined at de-bonding (T1) and 4 years after de-bonding (T2). The examination included a questionnaire, plaque scoring, caries examination, bitewing radiographs, and assessment of salivary secretion rate, buffering capacity and cariogenic microorganisms...
April 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564945/assessment-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-8-and-9-levels-in-the-peri-implant-sulcular-fluid-among-waterpipe-narghile-smokers-and-never-smokers-with-peri-implantitis
#3
Zeyad H Al-Sowygh, Meshari Kh Aldamkh, Abdulelah M Binmahfooz, Khulud Abdulrahman Al-Aali, Zohaib Akram, Osama A Qutub, Fawad Javed, Tariq Abduljabbar
OBJECTIVES: It is hypothesized that levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8 and MMP-9 are significantly higher in the peri-implant sulcular fluid (PISF) of waterpipe-smokers (WS) compared with never-smokers with peri-implantitis. The aim of the present convenience sample case-control study was to compare the levels of MMP-8 and MMP-9 in the PISF of WS and never-smokers with peri-implantitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Individuals smoking waterpipe (Group 1) and never-smokers (Group 2) were included...
March 22, 2018: Inhalation Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484911/relationship-between-depth-of-approximal-caries-lesions-and-presence-of-bacteria-in-the-dentine-in-primary-and-permanent-posterior-teeth-a-radiographic-examination-with-microbiological-evaluation
#4
Azam Bakhshandeh, Isabela Floriano, Mariana Minatel Braga, Kristine Arnholdt Thorlacius, Kim Rud Ekstrand
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the relation between the radiographical depth of approximal lesions and the presence of bacteria in the dentine in posterior teeth in both dentitions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sample 1 consisted of 34 approximal lesions in primary molars in children aged 5-7 years old. Sample 2 consisted of 48 approximal lesions in molars and premolars in adult patients aged 18-67 years old. All lesions were in need of restorative treatment according to the dentists...
February 27, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484311/in-vivo-performance-of-impedance-spectroscopy-laser-fluorescence-and-bitewing-radiographs-for-occlusal-caries-detection
#5
Diana Mortensen, Ilse Hessing-Olsen, Kim Rud Ekstrand, Svante Twetman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical performance of impedance spectroscopy, laser fluorescence, and bitewing radiographs in detecting occlusal caries and compare them with visual scores. METHOD AND MATERIALS: In 62 adults, one occlusal surface per person was selected and independently examined by two examiners using the visual ICDAS scoring system, CarieScan PRO (ACIS), DIAGNOdent pen (LF-pen), and bitewing radiographs. The procedures were repeated within 1 to 4 weeks...
February 26, 2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150129/diagnostic-accuracy-of-4-intraoral-radiographic-techniques-for-misfit-detection-at-the-implant-abutment-joint
#6
Pollyana Darós, Vinícius Cavalcanti Carneiro, Amanda Pasolini Siqueira, Sergio Lins de-Azevedo-Vaz
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: A misfit or gap at the implant-abutment joint (IAJ) requires detection as it may compromise the health of the peri-implant tissue. However, which radiographic technique provides the most orthogonal relationship between the central beam and the implant/image receptor is unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of 4 intraoral radiographic techniques on misfit detection at the IAJ. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty implants were placed in polyamide jaws, and customized dental implant abutments with a metal collar were installed...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148235/assessment-of-interleukin-1%C3%AE-interleukin-6-and-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-levels-in-the-peri-implant-sulcular-fluid-among-waterpipe-narghile-smokers-and-never-smokers-with-peri-implantitis
#7
Tariq Abduljabbar, Zohaib Akram, Fahim Vohra, Saman Warnakulasuriya, Fawad Javed
BACKGROUND: It is hypothesized that levels of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α are significantly higher in the peri-implant sulcular fluid (PISF) of waterpipe-smokers (WS) compared with never-smokers with peri-implantitis. PURPOSE: The aim of the present convenience sample case-control study was to compare the levels of IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α in the PISF of WS and never-smokers with peri-implantitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic data was collected using a questionnaire...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145846/comparison-of-diagnostic-methods-for-early-interproximal-caries-detection-with-near-infrared-light-transillumination-an-in-vivo-study
#8
Ismail Hakki Baltacioglu, Kaan Orhan
BACKGROUND: Although numerous studies have used digital intraoral imaging, only a few studies have used photo-optical methods for the diagnosis of caries. Moreover, several limitations exist in terms of observers (experience and specialty) and the caries lesion itself. Hence, the aims of this study were to evaluate the diagnostic capability of near-infrared light transillumination (NILT) and PSP-Bitewing radiographs and to compare the interobserver and intraobserver differences in addition to observers' experience level to detect early interproximal caries lesions in vivo...
November 16, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118160/a-dental-radiography-checklist-as-a-tool-for-quality-improvement
#9
Monica Williamson Nenad, Colleen Halupa, Ann Eshenaur Spolarich, JoAnn R Gurenlian
Purpose: A checklist intervention was applied to the dental radiographic acquisition process to determine its effectiveness in improving the diagnostic value of bitewing images and reducing patient exposure to unnecessary radiation.Methods: A mixed-method, nonrandomized research design using two dental hygiene program cohorts (n=33) as control and intervention groups was used to assess the effect of a radiographic checklist on the number and type of radiographic imaging errors. The relationship between perceived value of the checklist and willingness to continue its use was examined and analyzed using descriptive statistics...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096875/accuracy-of-extraoral-bite-wing-radiography-in-detecting-proximal-caries-and-crestal-bone-loss
#10
Micah Chan, Tenzin Dadul, Robert Langlais, David Russell, Mansur Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Extraoral bite-wing (EB) radiography is an imaging technology used in dentistry. The authors conducted an in vivo study comparing the accuracy of intraoral bitewing (IB) radiographs and EB radiographs for proximal caries and bone loss diagnosis. METHODS: The authors recruited 116 patients who received IB radiographs to receive EB radiographs. The 5 calibrated authors made a consensus radiographic diagnosis of proximal caries and crestal bone loss. For this study, they assumed IB radiographs as the criterion standard...
January 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893037/periodontal-initial-radiological-findings-of-genetically-predisposed-finnish-adolescents
#11
Anna Maria Heikkinen, Elmira Pakbaznejad Esmaeili, Leena Kovanen, Hellevi Ruokonen, Kaisa Kettunen, Jari Haukka, Taina Tervahartiala, Timo Sorsa
INTRODUCTION: Periodontitis is a multifactorial infectious disease of the supporting tissues of teeth in which bacterial, genetic and lifestyle factors such as smoking have an important role. AIM: The aim was to examine if Bleeding On Probing (BOP ≥ 20%) and ≥ 4 mm deep pockets correlated with any suspicion of initial radiological findings of periodontitis and bone loss. We also investigated whether any pro-inflammatory-related candidate Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) were associated with any suspicion of radiological findings...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840885/-non-standard-panoramic-programmes-and-the-unusual-artefacts-they-produce
#12
S Harvey, F Ball, J Brown, B Thomas
Dental panoramic radiographs (DPTs) are commonly taken in dental practice in the UK with the number estimated to be 2.7 million per annum. They are used to diagnose caries, periodontal disease, trauma, pathology in the jaws, supernumerary teeth and for orthodontic assessment. Panoramic radiographs are not simple projections but involve a moving X-ray source and detector plate. Ideally only the objects in the focal trough are displayed. This is achieved with a tomographic movement and one or more centre(s) of rotation...
August 25, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735465/approximal-morphology-as-predictor-of-approximal-caries-in-primary-molar-teeth
#13
A Cortes, S Martignon, V Qvist, Kim Rud Ekstrand
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive power of the morphology of the distal surface on 1st and mesial surface on 2nd primary molar teeth on caries development in young children. SAMPLE AND METHODS: Out of 101 3-to 4-year-old children from an on-going study, 62 children, for whom parents' informed consent was given, participated. Upper and lower molar teeth of one randomly selected side received a 2-day temporarily separation. Bitewing radiographs and silicone impressions of interproximal area (IPA) were obtained...
July 22, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626283/assessment-of-cavitation-in-artificial-approximal-dental-lesions-with-near-ir-imaging
#14
Jacob C Simon, Cynthia L Darling, Daniel Fried
Bitewing radiography is still considered state-of-the-art diagnostic technology for assessing cavitation within approximal carious dental lesions, even though radiographs cannot resolve cavitated surfaces but instead are used to measure lesion depth in order to predict cavitation. Clinicians need new technologies capable of determining whether approximal carious lesions have become cavitated because not all lesions progress to cavitation. Assessing lesion cavitation from near-infrared (NIR) imaging methods holds great potential due to the high transparency of enamel in the NIR region from λ=1300-1700-nm, which allows direct visualization and quantified measurements of enamel demineralization...
January 28, 2017: Proceedings of SPIE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591240/a-randomized-clinical-trial-on-the-sealing-of-occlusal-carious-lesions-3-4-year-results
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Luana Severo Alves, Fernanda Cristina Mendes de Santa Giongo, Bruna Mua, Vanessa Balbé Martins, Berenice Barbachan E Silva, Vibeke Qvist, Marisa Maltz
This randomized clinical trial aimed to assess the efficacy of sealing occlusal carious lesions in permanent teeth. The sample consisted of 54 occlusal carious lesions in permanent molars and premolars of 49 patients aged 8-43 years (median: 19 years). The inclusion criteria comprised the presence of a cavity with no access allowing biofilm control. The maximum depth of the lesion was the middle third of the dentin thickness, as assessed by bitewing radiography. The teeth were randomly assigned to sealant treatment (n = 28) or restorative treatment (n = 26)...
June 5, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461632/dental-faculty-accuracy-when-using-diagnostic-codes-a-pilot-study
#16
Jeanne C Sutton, Rose-Marie Fay, Carolyn P Huynh, Cleverick D Johnson, Liang Zhu, Ryan L Quock
The aim of this study was to examine the accuracy of dental faculty members' utilization of diagnostic codes and resulting treatment planning based on radiographic interproximal tooth radiolucencies. In 2015, 50 full-time and part-time general dentistry faculty members at one U.S. dental school were shown a sequence of 15 bitewing radiographs; one interproximal radiolucency was highlighted on each bitewing. For each radiographic lesion, participants were asked to choose the most appropriate diagnostic code (from a concise list of five codes, corresponding to lesion progression to outer/inner halves of enamel and outer/middle/pulpal thirds of dentin), acute treatment (attempt to arrest/remineralize non-invasively, operative intervention, or no treatment), and level of confidence in choices...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435894/oral-bacterial-acid-base-metabolism-in-caries-screening-a-proof-of-concept-study
#17
E Morou-Bermudez, M A Loza-Herrero, V Garcia-Rivas, E Suarez-Perez, R J Billings
The objective of this cross-sectional study was to clinically validate an array of biochemical tests for oral acid/alkali generation as caries screening instruments. 185 adult subjects (mean 33.6±10.6 years) were examined clinically for dental caries using the ICDAS criteria. Bitewing radiographs were used to confirm interproximal surfaces of posterior teeth. For the purposes of this study, subjects were classified as "caries-active" if they had at least one untreated caries lesion with ICDAS 4 or higher. Pooled supragingival plaque and unstimulated saliva samples were collected and assayed for pH changes from sucrose and urea metabolism using colorimetric tests...
April 2017: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387272/guidelines-on-the-timing-and-frequency-of-bitewing-radiography-a-systematic-review
#18
T L Goodwin, H Devlin, A M Glenny, L O'Malley, K Horner
Objectives To identify guidelines on when and how frequently bitewing radiographs should be used in dentistry for the diagnosis of caries, and to provide an objective appraisal of their quality.Data sources MEDLINE (OVID), US National Guideline Clearinghouse (www.guideline.gov) and the Royal College of Surgeons of England (https://www.rcseng.ac.uk/fds/publications-clinical-guidelines/clinical_guidelines) websites were searched using a variety of relevant search terms (2 August 2016).Data selection Publications were included if they made recommendations on the issue of when and how frequently radiographs should be used in any dentally-related specialty pertaining to the diagnosis of caries; and/or if they were aimed at the individual practitioner (any health professional working within dentistry) and/or patients...
April 7, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191797/digital-transillumination-in-caries-detection-versus-radiographic-and-clinical-methods-an-in-vivo-study
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Cynthia Lara-Capi, Maria Grazia Cagetti, Peter Lingström, Gianfranco Lai, Fabio Cocco, Charlotte Simark-Mattsson, Guglielmo Campus
OBJECTIVES: This article aimed to evaluate: (a) the agreement between a near-infrared light transillumination device and clinical and radiographic examinations in caries lesion detection and (b) the reliability of images captured by the transillumination device. METHODS: Two calibrated examiners evaluated the caries status in premolars and molars on 52 randomly selected subjects by comparing the transillumination device with a clinical examination for the occlusal surfaces and by comparing the transillumination device with a radiographic examination (bitewing radiographs) for the approximal surfaces...
April 2017: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960574/prevalence-of-intrabony-defects-in-a-swedish-adult-population-a-radiographic-epidemiological-study
#20
Uday Najim, Ola Norderyd
AIM: The purpose of this radiographic study was to evaluate the prevalence of intrabony defects and to study the correlation between these defects and clinical variables in a Swedish adult population. Another aim was to study the combined relationship of intrabony defects and furcation involvement with clinical variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was performed using bitewing and apical radiographs from 329 subjects. The clinical and radiographic data were collected from the study that was carried out in Jönköping 2003...
March 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
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