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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054121/multisensory-modulation-of-experimentally-evoked-perceptual-distortion-of-the-face
#1
Lilja K Dagsdóttir, Valeria Bellan, Ina Skyt, Lene Vase, Lene Baad-Hansen, Eduardo Castrillon, Peter Svensson
Chronic orofacial pain patients often perceive the painful face area as 'swollen' without clinical signs, i.e., a perceptual distortion (PD). Local anesthetic (LA) injections in healthy participants are also associated with PD OBJECTIVE: The aim was to explore whether PD evoked by LA into the infraorbital region of could be modulated by adding mechanical stimulation (MS) to the affected area METHODS: MS was given with a brush and a 128 mN von Frey filament. First, sixty healthy participants were randomly divided into three groups: 1) LA control, 2) LA with MS, 3) Isotonic solution (ISO) with MS as an additional control condition...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053987/the-role-of-executive-functions-and-psychiatric-symptom-severity-in-the-allen-cognitive-levels
#2
Sarah Schubmehl, Samuel H Barkin, Doug Cort
This study examined the relationship between Allen Cognitive Level (ACL) and psychiatric symptom severity, level of nursing support required to complete activities of daily living (ADLs), and post-hospitalization discharge disposition in a sample of 193 acute psychiatric inpatients. A subsample of 31 participants with acute psychotic disorders were administered three measures of executive functioning in order to examine the convergent validity between ACL and basic sequencing and shifting, phonemic fluency, and visuospatial construction...
October 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053981/clinical-efficacy-onset-time-and-safety-of-bright-light-therapy-in-acute-bipolar-depression-as-an-adjunctive-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Tian-Hang Zhou, Wei-Min Dang, Yan-Tao Ma, Chang-Qing Hu, Ning Wang, Guo-Yi Zhang, Gang Wang, Chuan Shi, Hua Zhang, Bin Guo, Shu-Zhe Zhou, Lei Feng, Shu-Xia Geng, Yu-Zhen Tong, Guan-Wen Tang, Zhong-Kai He, Long Zhen, Xin Yu
BACKGROUND: Bright light therapy (BLT) is an effective treatment for seasonal affective disorder and non- seasonal depression. The efficacy of BLT in treating patients with bipolar disorder is still unknown. AIMS: The aim of this study is to examine the efficacy, onset time and clinical safety of BLT in treating patients with acute bipolar depression as an adjunctive therapy (trial registration at ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02009371). METHODS: This was a multi-center, single blind, randomized clinical trial...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053904/a-direct-aspiration-first-pass-technique-adapt-for-acute-stroke-therapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Benjamin Gory, Xavier Armoiry, Rotem Sivan-Hoffman, Michel Piotin, Mikael Mazighi, Bertrand Lapergue, Raphaël Blanc, Francis Turjman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: ADAPT (A Direct Aspiration First Pass Technique), involving the first-line use of large-bore distal aspiration catheter, is a new strategy in the mechanical thrombectomy of acute ischemic stroke caused by large vessel occlusion. However, its impact on reperfusion rates, clinical outcomes, and complication rates is not fully examined. METHOD: We conducted a systematic review of the literature searching multiple databases for reports on thrombectomy of acute stroke with the ADAPT technique and performed meta-analyses of clinical and radiographic outcomes...
October 20, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053885/cortical-superficial-siderosis-and-acute-convexity-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-in-cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy
#5
Nicolas Raposo, Lionel Calviere, Vanessa Cazzola, Mélanie Planton, Sofia Patsoura, Matthieu Wargny, Jean François Albucher, Agnès Sommet, Jean Marc Olivot, François Chollet, Jérémie Pariente, Fabrice Bonneville, Alain Viguier
BACKGROUND: Acute convexity subarachnoid hemorrhage (cSAH) and cortical superficial siderosis (cSS) are neuroimaging markers of cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) that may arise through similar mechanisms. We sought to compare the prevalence of cSS between patients with CAA presenting with acute cSAH versus lobar intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and to explore the physiopathology of cSS by examining neuroimaging associations. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from 116 consecutive patients with probable CAA (mean age, 77...
October 20, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053833/clinical-pathological-and-functional-characterization-of-riboflavin-responsive-neuropathy
#6
Andreea Manole, Zane Jaunmuktane, Iain Hargreaves, Marthe H R Ludtmann, Vincenzo Salpietro, Oscar D Bello, Simon Pope, Amelie Pandraud, Alejandro Horga, Renata S Scalco, Abi Li, Balasubramaniem Ashokkumar, Charles M Lourenço, Simon Heales, Rita Horvath, Patrick F Chinnery, Camilo Toro, Andrew B Singleton, Thomas S Jacques, Andrey Y Abramov, Francesco Muntoni, Michael G Hanna, Mary M Reilly, Tamas Revesz, Dimitri M Kullmann, James E C Jepson, Henry Houlden
Brown-Vialetto-Van Laere syndrome represents a phenotypic spectrum of motor, sensory, and cranial nerve neuropathy, often with ataxia, optic atrophy and respiratory problems leading to ventilator-dependence. Loss-of-function mutations in two riboflavin transporter genes, SLC52A2 and SLC52A3, have recently been linked to Brown-Vialetto-Van Laere syndrome. However, the genetic frequency, neuropathology and downstream consequences of riboflavin transporter mutations are unclear. By screening a large cohort of 132 patients with early-onset severe sensory, motor and cranial nerve neuropathy we confirmed the strong genetic link between riboflavin transporter mutations and Brown-Vialetto-Van Laere syndrome, identifying 22 pathogenic mutations in SLC52A2 and SLC52A3, 14 of which were novel...
September 26, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053820/mood-disorders-and-risk-of-herpes-zoster-in-two-population-based-case-control-studies-in-denmark-and-the-united-kingdom
#7
Sigrun A J Schmidt, Sinéad M Langan, Henrik S Pedersen, Henrik C Schønheyder, Sara L Thomas, Liam Smeeth, Kathryn E Mansfield, Henrik T Sørensen, Harriet J Forbes, Mogens Vestergaard
We examined the association between mood disorders and risk of herpes zoster in two case-control studies using data from nationwide Danish registries and practices in the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink. We included incident zoster cases diagnosed in general practice (using systemic antivirals as proxy in Denmark) or hospital during 1997-2013 in Denmark (n = 190,671) and during 2000-2013 in the UK (n = 177,361). We risk-set sampled four matched population controls per case. Conditional logistic regression analyses adjusted for zoster risk factors showed that the odds ratios (ORs) for previous mood disorder among cases vs...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053778/influence-of-cerebrovascular-disease-on-brain-networks-in-prodromal-and-clinical-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
Joanna Su Xian Chong, Siwei Liu, Yng Miin Loke, Saima Hilal, Mohammad Kamran Ikram, Xin Xu, Boon Yeow Tan, Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian, Christopher Li-Hsian Chen, Juan Zhou
Network-sensitive neuroimaging methods have been used to characterize large-scale brain network degeneration in Alzheimer's disease and its prodrome. However, few studies have investigated the combined effect of Alzheimer's disease and cerebrovascular disease on brain network degeneration. Our study sought to examine the intrinsic functional connectivity and structural covariance network changes in 235 prodromal and clinical Alzheimer's disease patients with and without cerebrovascular disease. We focused particularly on two higher-order cognitive networks-the default mode network and the executive control network...
September 19, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053777/movement-disorders-with-neuronal-antibodies-syndromic-approach-genetic-parallels-and-pathophysiology
#9
Bettina Balint, Angela Vincent, Hans-Michael Meinck, Sarosh R Irani, Kailash P Bhatia
Movement disorders are a prominent and common feature in many autoantibody-associated neurological diseases, a group of potentially treatable conditions that can mimic infectious, metabolic or neurodegenerative disease. Certain movement disorders are likely to associate with certain autoantibodies; for example, the characteristic dyskinesias, chorea and dystonia associated with NMDAR antibodies, stiff person spectrum disorders with GAD, glycine receptor, amphiphysin or DPPX antibodies, specific paroxysmal dystonias with LGI1 antibodies, and cerebellar ataxia with various anti-neuronal antibodies...
September 25, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053742/are-current-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-criteria-diagnosing-different-disease-phenotypes
#10
Laura Maclachlan, Stuart Watson, Peter Gallagher, Andreas Finkelmeyer, Leonard A Jason, Madison Sunnquist, Julia L Newton
IMPORTANCE: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterised by a constellation of symptoms diagnosed with a number of different polythetic criteria. Heterogeneity across these diagnostic criteria is likely to be confounding research into the as-yet-unknown pathophysiology underlying this stigmatised and debilitating condition and may diagnose a disease spectrum with significant implications for clinical management. No studies to date have objectively investigated this possibility using a validated measure of CFS symptoms-the DePaul Symptom Questionnaire (DSQ)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053693/in-vivo-tracking-of-human-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-a-rat-knee-osteoarthritis-model-with-fluorescent-lipophilic-membrane-dye
#11
Meng Li, Ming Hao, Dong Jiang, Yanxi Chen, Wen Wang
In order to support the clinical application of human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell (haMSC) therapy for knee osteoarthritis (KOA), we examined the efficacy of cell persistence and biodistribution of haMSCs in animal models. We demonstrated a method to label the cell membrane of haMSCs with lipophilic fluorescent dye. Subsequently, intra-articular injection of the labeled cells in rats with surgically induced KOA was monitored dynamically by an in vivo imaging system. We employed the lipophilic carbocyanines DiD (DilC18 (5)), a far-red fluorescent Dil (dialkylcarbocyanines) analog, which utilized a red laser to avoid excitation of the natural green autofluorescence from surrounding tissues...
October 8, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053532/using-a-complex-patient-management-scenario-to-help-bridge-the-education-practice-gap
#12
Adriane Burgess, Hannah Murphy Buc, Janice M Brennan
Preparing nursing students for transition to practice is challenging in light of the increasing complexity of today's health care environment. A clinical simulation was developed to engage senior-level bachelor of science in nursing students in the management of a critically ill patient whose deterioration warranted timely transfer to an intensive care unit. In this fast-paced, highly charged simulation, students were challenged to implement priority setting, delegation, communication methods, and teamwork...
October 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053484/the-effect-of-low-frequency-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-at-orbitofrontal-cortex-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-medication-refractory-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-retrospective-open-study
#13
Saurabh Kumar, Swarndeep Singh, Rakesh Kumar Chadda, Rohit Verma, Nand Kumar
OBJECTIVE: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic debilitating psychiatric disorder, with significant proportion of patients failing to respond with current first-line treatments. The present study assesses the safety and effectiveness of low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (LF-rTMS) over left-orbitofrontal cortex (Lt-OFC) as a potential augmentation strategy in treatment of patients with medication-refractory OCD in real-world clinical setting. The present report also aims to examine the factors affecting response to rTMS and the durability of effects produced by rTMS over 1 month of follow-up period...
October 19, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053402/what-are-we-missing-false-negative-cancers-at-multiparametric-mr-imaging-of-the-prostate
#14
Samuel Borofsky, Arvin K George, Sonia Gaur, Marcelino Bernardo, Matthew D Greer, Francesca V Mertan, Myles Taffel, Vanesa Moreno, Maria J Merino, Bradford J Wood, Peter A Pinto, Peter L Choyke, Baris Turkbey
Purpose To characterize clinically important prostate cancers missed at multiparametric (MP) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Materials and Methods The local institutional review board approved this HIPAA-compliant retrospective single-center study, which included 100 consecutive patients who had undergone MP MR imaging and subsequent radical prostatectomy. A genitourinary pathologist blinded to MP MR findings outlined prostate cancers on whole-mount pathology slices. Two readers correlated mapped lesions with reports of prospectively read MP MR images...
October 20, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053397/combined-intravitreal-and-systemic-antibiotic-therapy-in-a-patient-with-syphilitic-uveitis
#15
Arjun B Sood, William A Pearce, Kimberly A Workowski, James Lockwood, Steven Yeh
PURPOSE: To report the novel use of combined intravitreal and systemic antibiotic therapy in a patient with syphilitic panuveitis and discuss the management of ocular syphilis. METHODS: Case report Results: A 45-year old heterosexual male with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) presented with 1 month of blurry vision in both eyes. Clinical examination revealed a bilateral panuveitis. The patient denied history of genital lesions or rash, but did complain of difficulty hearing bilaterally...
October 20, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053390/exploring-the-teaching-and-learning-of-clinical-reasoning-risks-and-benefits-of-cervical-spine-manipulation
#16
Katie Yamamoto, Luca Condotta, Chloe Haldane, Sahar Jaffrani, Victoria Johnstone, Patrick Jachyra, Barbara E Gibson, Euson Yeung
The aim of this study was to examine how risks and benefits of cervical spine manipulation (CSM) were framed and discussed in the context of mentorship and their impact on the perception of safe practice of CSM in clinical physiotherapy settings. A multi-method qualitative approach was employed, including a document analysis of established educational guidelines, observations of mentoring sessions, and individual face-to-face interviews with five mentees in the process of learning CSM, and four mentors with Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy (OMPT) certification...
October 20, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053388/some-chemotherapeutics-treated-colon-cancer-cells-display-a-specific-phenotype-being-a-combination-of-stem-like-and-senescent-cell-features
#17
H Was, J Czarnecka, A Kowalczyk, K Barszcz, T Bernas, K Piwocka, B Kaminska
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of death among cancer patients in the Northern countries. CRC can reappear a long time after treatment. Recent clinical studies demonstrated that, in response to chemotherapy, cancer cells may undergo stress-induced premature senescence (SIPS), which typically results in growth arrest. Nonetheless, these senescent cells were reported to divide in an atypical manner and thus contribute to cancer re-growth. Therefore, we examined if SIPS escape may follow treatment with chemotherapeutics used clinically: 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), oxaliplatin (OXA) and irinotecan (IRINO)...
October 20, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053124/-the-efficacy-of-cerebrolysin-in-the-treatment-of-autism-spectrum-disorders
#18
L S Chutko, E A Yakovenko, S Yu Surushkina, E M Kryukova, S V Palaieva
AIM: To evaluate clinical and neurophysiological changes in children with different variants of autism spectrum disorders during treatment with cerebrolysin. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-three children with autism spectrum disorders, aged 4-6 years, were included in the study. To assess the degree of autism, the quantitative scale of assessing the severity of child autism CARS ('Childhood Autism Rating Scale') was used. A comparative analysis of the clinical picture of disease and data of the electroencephalographic examination in endogenous and exogenous (organic) variant of autism was made...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053122/-clinical-and-electromyography-characteristics-of-chemotherapy-induced-polyneuropathy
#19
N B Kholodova, Yu A Ponkratova, M V Sinkin
AIM: The study aimed at determining clinical and electromyography characteristics and developing the methods of CIPN treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A clinical and electromyographic examinations and treatment of 30 with CIPN symptoms developed after polychemotherapy were performed. The authors developed treatment schemes included allopathic, homeopathic drugs, hydrotherapy and pharmacopuncture. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Most of the patients were diagnosed with axonal polyneuropathy with affection of long nerves of the limbs, some patients had a combination of axonopathy with myelopathy...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053118/-nooklerin-deanoli-aceglumas-in-the-treatment-of-astenic-and-cognitive-disorders-in-patients-with-borderline-psychopatological-conditions
#20
A B Smulevich, V V Chitlova, K N Germanova
BACKGROUND: This work is devoted to the combined therapy of asthenic syndrome in psychiatric patients due to the importanmce of studies of clinical signs of asthenic disorders and their comorbidity with psychiatric and somatic diseases. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of deanoli aceglumas (nooklerin) in treatment of asthenic and cognitive disorders in patients with borderline psychopathological conditions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty patients were enrolled in the study (30 patients of the main group and 30 patients of the control group)...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
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