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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458234/ultrasonographic-anatomy-of-reproductive-female-leopard-geckos-eublepharis-macularius
#1
Ophélie Cojean, Claire Vergneau-Grosset, Isabelle Masseau
Captive leopard geckos (Eublepharis macularius) often present to the exotic clinic for gastrointestinal impactions, follicular stasis, or dystocia. To our knowledge, normal ultrasonographic anatomy of these lizards has not been described. The objectives of this prospective, anatomic, analytical study were to develop ultrasound techniques for this species and to describe the normal sonographic anatomy of the head, coelomic cavity, and tail. Eleven, healthy, female leopard geckos were included. A linear array 13-18 MHz transducer was used...
February 19, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458195/human-dorsal-root-ganglion-pulsed-radiofrequency-treatment-modulates-cerebrospinal-fluid-lymphocytes-and-neuroinflammatory-markers-in-chronic-radicular-pain
#2
Basabjit Das, Melissa Conroy, David Moore, Joanne Lysaght, Connail McCrory
Radicular pain is a common cause of disability. Traditionally treatment has been either epidural steroid injection providing short-term relief or surgery with associated complications. Pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) applied to the Dorsal Root Ganglion (DRG) is a minimally invasive day-care treatment, which is gaining significant clinical acceptance in a selective group of patients with pure radicular pain. Greater insights into the immunomodulatory effects of this procedure may help to further optimise its application and find alternative treatment options...
February 16, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458157/clostridium-innocuum-is-a-vancomycin-resistant-pathogen-that-may-cause-antibiotic-associated-diarrhea
#3
Ju-Hsin Chia, Ting-Shu Wu, Tsu-Lan Wu, Chyi-Liang Chen, Chih-Hsien Chuang, Lin-Hui Su, Hong-Jyun Chang, Chia-Chen Lu, An-Jing Kuo, Hsin-Chih Lai, Cheng-Hsun Chiu
OBJECTIVES: Clostridium innocuum can cause extra-intestinal infection in patients with underlying diseases. The role of C. innocuum in antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) remains unknown. METHODS: Clinical information of 103 patients in which C. innocuum was isolated from was reviewed. We carried out cellular and animal experiments to examine the pathogenic potential of C. innocuum in AAD. RESULTS: Eighty-eight percent (91/103) of the 103 patients received antibiotics within 2 weeks of diarrhea onset...
February 16, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458134/antiviral-activity-of-pyrrole-imidazole-polyamides-against-sv40-and-bk-polyomaviruses
#4
Terri G Edwards, Chris Fisher
The ability of antiviral polyamides (AVP) to act upon polyomaviruses (PyV) was evaluated. Initial studies found that a single treatment of AVP protected SV40-infected BSC-1 cells from cytopathic effect (CPE) for as long as 11 days p.i.. AVP substantially suppressed SV40 genome copy numbers over the duration of the experiment. Immunofluorescence analysis of ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM) activation and large T antigen (LTag) expression clearly demonstrated that AVP treatment at day 1 p.i. delayed the onset of productive SV40 replication by approximately 3 days, and substantially limited the infection relative to vehicle-treated controls...
February 16, 2018: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457961/examination-of-16s-23s-rrna-intergenic-spacer-region-isr-heterogeneity-in-a-population-of-clinical-streptococcus-pneumoniae-a-new-laboratory-epidemiological-genotyping-tool-to-aid-outbreak-analysis
#5
J E Moore, J Hirayama, K Hayashi, C Mason, W Coulter, M Matsuda, C E Goldsmith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 19, 2018: British Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457923/flipping-social-determinants-on-its-head-medical-student-perspectives-on-the-flipped-classroom-and-simulated-patients-to-teach-social-determinants-of-health
#6
N Gostelow, J Barber, F Gishen, A Berlin
BACKGROUND: Inequalities in healthcare are increasing. Engaging medical students to tackle this urgent challenge alongside clinical sciences can be demanding. This study examines medical student perceptions of a flipped approach to health inequalities co-designed by faculty and sixth-year students. INNOVATION: A flipped learning session was piloted for year 4 medical students combining an online lesson followed by a tutorial with a simulated patient. METHODS: A mixed-methods approach collected questionnaire data using 4-point Likert scales and free text answers...
February 19, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457912/decreased-resting-gamma-activity-in-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#7
László Tombor, Brigitta Kakuszi, Szilvia Papp, János Réthelyi, István Bitter, Pál Czobor
OBJECTIVES: To delineate task-free gamma activity in adult ADHD and healthy control subjects based on high-density EEG recordings. Relationship of gamma activity with symptom severity was also examined, since gamma activity is considered as an index of network functions in the brain that underlie higher-order cognitive processes. METHODS: Spontaneous-EEG was recorded in adult ADHD subjects (N = 42;25 methylphenidate-naïve and 17 on methylphenidate treatment) and controls (N = 59) with eyes open...
February 19, 2018: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457873/the-impact-of-video-nasal-endoscopy-on-patient-satisfaction
#8
Vidur Bhalla, D David Beahm, Kevin J Sykes, Kavindu K Ndeti, Alexander G Chiu
BACKGROUND: Video nasal endoscopy has significant associated expense for practices, but its use has been justified by the benefit it provides to the examiner. No study has examined the perceived benefit to the patient. In this study, the impact of video endoscopy on patient satisfaction is evaluated. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, single-blinded study was performed on new patients receiving care in the rhinology clinics of a tertiary-care center. Patients were randomized into the standard endoscopic examination (SEE) or video endoscopic examination (VEE) groups...
February 19, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457847/preconditioning-with-low-level-laser-irradiation-enhances-the-therapeutic-potential-of-human-adipose-derived-stem-cells-in-a-mouse-model-of-photoaged-skin
#9
Xuan Liao, Sheng-Hong Li, Guang-Hui Xie, Shan Xie, Li-Ling Xiao, Jian-Xing Song, Hong-Wei Liu
The present study was conducted to explore the therapeutic potential of human adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) irradiated with a low level laser (LLL). Cultured ADSCs were treated with 650-nm GaAlAs laser irradiation at 2, 4, and 8 J/cm2 . Cell proliferation was quantified by MTT assays, cytokine secretion was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, and adipogenic differentiation was examined by oil red O staining. Additionally, the expression profiles of putative ADSC surface markers were analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR...
February 19, 2018: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457668/the-relationships-between-depression-neuroticism-and-attitudes-nda-model-in-heroin-abusers-in-taiwan
#10
Kun-Hua Lee, Cheng-Fang Yen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Heroin use is a severe problem worldwide. To develop more effective treatments for heroin abusers, a comprehensive psychosocial model of heroin use should be established and examined. We created and assessed a neuroticism, depression, attitudes, and heroin addiction (NDA) model. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 234 patients undergoing methadone replacement treatment were recruited from psychiatric clinics. We used Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) to assess all for neuroticism, depression, and a positive outcome expectancy (POE) (attitudes)...
February 19, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457645/research-review-test-retest-reliability-of-standardized-diagnostic-interviews-to-assess-child-and-adolescent-psychiatric-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Laura Duncan, Jinette Comeau, Li Wang, Irene Vitoroulis, Michael H Boyle, Kathryn Bennett
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of factors contributing to the observed variability in estimates of test-retest reliability in published studies on standardized diagnostic interviews (SDI) is needed. The objectives of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to estimate the pooled test-retest reliability for parent and youth assessments of seven common disorders, and to examine sources of between-study heterogeneity in reliability. METHODS: Following a systematic review of the literature, multilevel random effects meta-analyses were used to analyse 202 reliability estimates (Cohen's kappa = ҡ) from 31 eligible studies and 5,369 assessments of 3,344 children and youth...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457626/-transesophageal-echocardiography-in-adults-guidelines-of-the-working-group-on-echocardiography-of-the-polish-cardiac-society
#12
Piotr Lipiec, Janusz Bąk, Wojciech Braksator, Marcin Fijałkowski, Andrzej Gackowski, Zbigniew Gąsior, Jarosław D Kasprzak, Anna Klisiewicz, Mirosław Kowalski, Tomasz Kukulski, Katarzyna Mizia-Stec, Edyta Płońska-Gościniak, Piotr Pruszczyk, Bożena Sobkowicz, Piotr Szymański, Andrzej Szyszka, Olga Trojnarska, Andrzej Wysokiński, Piotr Hoffman
This document presents current Polish guidelines on the clinical use of transesophageal echocardiography, including guidance of percutaneous procedures and intraoperative echocardiography, in adult patients. The authors present recommendations regarding indications and contraindications, staff and equipment requirements, patient preparation and information, examination protocol, reporting and reimbursement.
2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457625/-transthoracic-echocardiography-in-adults-guidelines-of-the-working-group-on-echocardiography-of-the-polish-cardiac-society
#13
Piotr Lipiec, Janusz Bąk, Wojciech Braksator, Marcin Fijałkowski, Andrzej Gackowski, Zbigniew Gąsior, Jarosław D Kasprzak, Anna Klisiewicz, Mirosław Kowalski, Tomasz Kukulski, Katarzyna Mizia-Stec, Edyta Płońska-Gościniak, Piotr Pruszczyk, Bożena Sobkowicz, Piotr Szymański, Andrzej Szyszka, Olga Trojnarska, Andrzej Wysokiński, Piotr Hoffman
This document presents current Polish guidelines on the clinical use of transthoracic echocardiography, including stress examinations, in adult patients. The examinations with pocket-size imaging devices are also discussed. The authors present recommendations regarding indications and contraindications, staff and equipment requirements, patient preparation and information, examination protocol, reporting and reimbursement.
2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457585/training-nurses-in-a-competency-framework-to-support-adults-with-epilepsy-and-intellectual-disability-the-epaid-cluster-rct
#14
Howard Ring, James Howlett, Mark Pennington, Christopher Smith, Marcus Redley, Caroline Murphy, Roxanne Hook, Adam Platt, Nakita Gilbert, Elizabeth Jones, Joanna Kelly, Angela Pullen, Adrian Mander, Cam Donaldson, Simon Rowe, James Wason, Fiona Irvine
BACKGROUND: People with an intellectual (learning) disability (ID) and epilepsy have an increased seizure frequency, higher frequencies of multiple antiepileptic drug (AED) use and side effects, higher treatment costs, higher mortality rates and more behavioural problems than the rest of the population with epilepsy. The introduction of nurse-led care may lead to improvements in outcome for those with an ID and epilepsy; however, this has not been tested in a definitive clinical trial...
February 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457521/relationships-between-race-ethnicity-and-health-care-utilization-among-older-post-acute-home-health-care-patients
#15
Jo-Ana D Chase, David Russell, Liming Huang, Alexandra Hanlon, Melissa O'Connor, Kathryn H Bowles
Few studies have explored racial/ethnic differences in health care outcomes among patients receiving home health care (HHC), despite known differences in other care settings. We conducted a retrospective cohort study examining racial/ethnic disparities in rehospitalization and emergency room (ER) use among post-acute patients served by a large northeastern HHC agency between 2013 and 2014 ( N = 22,722). We used multivariable binomial logistic regression to describe the relationship between race/ethnicity and health care utilization outcomes, adjusting for individual-level factors that are conceptually related to health service use...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457484/cryosurgery-5-5-fluorouracil-for-treatment-of-superficial-basal-cell-carcinoma-and-bowen-s-disease
#16
Laura C Soong, Christopher P Keeling
BACKGROUND: Superficial basal cell carcinoma (sBCC) and squamous cell carcinoma in situ (SCCis) are 2 types of nonmelanoma skin cancers (NMSCs) that are amenable to treatment with topical 5-fluorouracil, cryosurgery, or topical imiquimod, among other destructive and surgical modalities. There are few studies examining the effectiveness of combination therapy with 5% 5-fluorouracil and cryosurgery for the treatment of sBCC and SCCis. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to study the clinical cure rate achieved with the regimen of cryosurgery and a 3-week course of 5% 5-fluorouracil in the treatment of biopsy-proven sBCC and SCCis...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457438/-ct-and-mri-manifestation-of-primary-spinal-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#17
Ping Tian, Kai Jiang, Zhi-Qiang Cai, Yong-Tao Wang, Sheng-de Deng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate CT and MRI characteristics of primary spinal large B cell lymphoma. METHODS: CT and MRI data of 23 patients with primary spinal large B cell lymphoma confirmed by histopathology were retrospectively analyzed from March 2011 to August 2015. Among them, including 14 males and 9 females aged from 28 to 70 years old with an average of 53.4 years old. The clinical manifestation mainly focus on pain around spinal and minority peripheral nerve symptom...
December 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457437/-clinical-application-value-of-mri-on-malignant-fibrous-histiocytoma-in-soft-tissue
#18
Wan-Li Xu, Xiao Wu, Hai-Feng Qian, Dong Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate imaging manifestation and clinical application of MRI on malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) in soft tissue. METHODS: Imaging and pathological data of 16 patients with malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) in soft tissue confirmed by surgery and pathology were retrospectively analyzed from January 2009 to August 2016. There were 9 males and 7 females, aged from 34 to 67 years old with an average of 52 years. The courses of disease ranged from 5 to 48 months with an average of 27 months...
December 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457413/-clinical-observation-of-proximal-femoral-anti-rotation-nail-for-the-treatment-of-femoral-intertrochanteric-fracture
#19
Fang-Gui Sun, De-Xin Wang, Yu-Tong Hu, Rong-Ming Xu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the curative effect and the recessive loss of blooding of PFNA for the treatment of intertrochanteric fractures of femur. METHODS: From January 2012 to January 2015, a total of 49 patients with intertrochanteric fractures of femur were treated with proximal femoral anti-rotation nail including 41 males and 8 females with an average age of 79 years old ranging from 65 to 91 years old. According to the modified Evans type, 1 case was type I, 12 cases were type II, 36 cases were type III...
October 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457402/-clinical-study-on-negative-pressure-closed-drainage-combined-with-vancomycin-loaded-calcium-sulfate-and-autogenous-bone-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-osteomyelitis
#20
Qiang Li, Shi-Feng Song, Wei Zhang, Guo-Zhi Wu, Li-Zhu Liu
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical effects of negative pressure closed drainage combined with vancomycin loaded calcium sulfate and autogenous bone in the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis. METHODS: From June 2013 to December 2016, there were 35 cases of chronic osteomyelitis patients in our department, including 23 males and 12 females, ranging in age from 11 to 65 years old, with an average of 34 years old. The course of disease ranged from 8 to 46 months, with an average of 26 months...
November 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
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