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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235880/a-critical-review-of-physicochemical-properties-and-analytical-methods-applied-to-quantitative-determination-of-ebastine
#1
Rafael Giorgetti Frare, Anil Kumar Singh
Allergic diseases are the most common conditions in children and the second most frequent in adults. Currently, there are two well-defined generations of antihistamines, those belonging to first generation, with inherent side effects such as drowsiness and anticholinergic effects. These side effects are often attributed to their high lipophilicity and high affinity for brain H1 receptors. The ebastine is a modern antihistaminic drug belongs to the second generation and has lower lipophilicity, which diminish the undesirable side effects...
December 13, 2017: Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235767/severe-xerostomia-secondary-to-anticholinergic-drug-therapy-case-report
#2
Ronald S Brown, Bridgette H Rhodes, Marianne S Siewe, Terri Jones Matthews
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Dentistry Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230675/clozapine-and-gastrointestinal-hypomotility
#3
REVIEW
Dan Cohen
Gastrointestinal hypomotility (GIH) is an under-reported but highly prevalent and potentially dangerous side effect of clozapine. In a comprehensive meta-analysis of clozapine-treated patients, the prevalence of GIH was 32%. In general, GIH has consistently been reported to have a negative impact on quality of life, and there is no reason to believe this will be different in clozapine-treated patients with therapy-resistant schizophrenia. GIH is dangerous; in a comparative review of lethal side effects of clozapine, the mortality of agranulocytosis was 2...
December 11, 2017: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229097/polypharmacy-chronic-kidney-disease-and-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-newly-treated-with-long-acting-anticholinergics
#4
François Savaria, Marie-France Beauchesne, Amélie Forget, Lucie Blais
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222667/drug-burden-and-its-association-with-falls-among-older-adults-in-new-zealand-a-national-population-cross-sectional-study
#5
Hamish A Jamieson, Prasad S Nishtala, Richard Scrase, Joanne M Deely, Rebecca Abey-Nesbit, Martin J Connolly, Sarah N Hilmer, Darrell R Abernethy, Philip J Schluter
BACKGROUND: Adverse outcomes associated with advanced diseases are often exacerbated by polypharmacy. OBJECTIVES: The current study investigated an association between exposure to anticholinergic and sedative medicines and falls in community-dwelling older people, after controlling for potential confounders. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study of a continuously recruited national cohort of community-dwelling New Zealanders aged 65 years and over...
December 8, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220103/survival-study-of-treatment-adherence-by-patients-given-oral-oxibutynin-for-hyperhidrosis
#6
José Francisco Millán-Cayetano, Javier Del Boz, Pablo García-Montero, Cristina García-Harana, Francisco Rivas Ruiz, Magdalena de Troya-Martín
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, increasing use has been made of oral anticholinergics such as oxybutynin for the management of hyperhidrosis. The primary aim of this study is to determine the variables associated with adherence to this treatment, and secondarily to obtain data on its effectiveness, safety and adverse effects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective study of patients with hyperhidrosis, at any location, receiving treatment with oral oxybutynin in the period 2007-2016...
December 8, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219171/benzodiazepines-for-psychosis-induced-aggression-or-agitation
#7
REVIEW
Hadar Zaman, Stephanie J Sampson, Alison Ls Beck, Tarang Sharma, Fiona J Clay, Styliani Spyridi, Sai Zhao, Donna Gillies
BACKGROUND: Acute psychotic illness, especially when associated with agitated or violent behaviour, can require urgent pharmacological tranquillisation or sedation. In several countries, clinicians often use benzodiazepines (either alone or in combination with antipsychotics) for this outcome. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether benzodiazepines, alone or in combination with other pharmacological agents, is an effective treatment for psychosis-induced aggression or agitation when compared with placebo, other pharmacological agents (alone or in combination) or non-pharmacological approaches...
December 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214512/anticholinergic-prescribing-in-medicare-part-d-beneficiaries-residing-in-nursing-homes-results-from-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-analysis-of-medicare-data
#8
Joshua Niznik, Xinhua Zhao, Tao Jiang, Joseph T Hanlon, Sherrie L Aspinall, Joshua Thorpe, Carolyn Thorpe
BACKGROUND: Prescribing of medications with anticholinergic properties in older nursing home residents is relatively common, despite an association with an increased risk for falls, delirium, and other outcomes. Few studies have investigated what factors influence different levels of prescribing of these agents. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to identify factors associated with low- and high-level anticholinergic burden in nursing home residents. A secondary objective was to examine in detail the contribution of different medications to low versus high burden to aid in determining which drugs to target in interventions...
December 6, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213218/tiotropium-in-asthma-back-to-the-future-of-anticholinergic-treatment
#9
REVIEW
Matteo Bonini, Nicola Scichilone
Asthma is among the most common chronic diseases worldwide; however, despite progresses in the understanding of the patho-physiological mechanisms and advances in the development of new therapeutic options and strategies, the disease remains uncontrolled in a not trivial proportion of subjects. Thus, the need of new molecules to treat the underlying biological and functional abnormalities and to control symptoms is strongly advocated by clinicians. In this scenario, the most recent GINA guidelines have included the use of tiotropium bromide in the most severe and uncontrolled forms of the disease, in addition to treatment with inhaled corticosteroid plus long acting beta adrenergic agents...
2017: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199915/extent-and-quality-of-drug-use-in-community-dwelling-people-aged-%C3%A2-75-years-a-swedish-nationwide-register-based-study
#10
Annica Lagerin, Lena Törnkvist, Gunnar Nilsson, Kristina Johnell, Johan Fastbom
AIMS: It is important for district nurses and other health professionals in primary care to gain more insight into the patterns and quality of drug use in community-dwelling older people, particularly in 75-year-olds, who have been the target of preventive home visits. This study aimed to examine the extent and quality of drug use in community-dwelling older people and to compare drug use in 75-year-olds with that of older age groups. METHODS: Data from 2013 on people aged ≥75 years were obtained from the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196071/percutaneous-tibial-nerve-stimulation-in-the-office-setting-real-world-experience-of-over-100-patients
#11
Evan R Sirls, Kim A Killinger, Judith A Boura, Kenneth M Peters
OBJECTIVE: To examine the outcomes and compliance with percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) for overactive bladder symptoms (OAB). METHODS: Adults that had PTNS from 6/30/2011 to 10/8/2015 were retrospectively reviewed for demographics, co-pay, travel distance, employment status, history, symptoms, and treatments used before, during and after PTNS. Pearson's Chi-square, Fisher's exact, Wilcoxon rank and paired t tests were performed. RESULTS: Of 113 patients (mean age 75 ± 12 years), most were women (65...
November 28, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193710/effectiveness-of-the-repeated-administration-of-scopolamine-ointment-on-clozapine-induced-hypersalivation-in-patients-with-treatment-resistant-schizophrenia-a-preliminary-study
#12
Ippei Takeuchi, Manako Hanya, Junji Uno, Kiyoshi Fujita, Hiroyuki Kamei
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the efficacy of scopolamine (an anticholinergic agent) ointment against clozapine-induced hypersalivation. METHODS: The patients enrolled in this study consisted of 10 clozapine-treated schizophrenia patients and 10 healthy adult men. A prospective, randomized, double-blind, crossover, placebo-controlled clinical trial was designed. RESULTS: A total of 10 patients and 10 healthy adult men completed the study...
December 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193284/drug-burden-index-to-define-the-burden-of-medicines-in-older-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-an-observational-cross-sectional-study
#13
J O'Connell, E Burke, N Mulryan, C O'Dwyer, C Donegan, P McCallion, M McCarron, M C Henman, M O'Dwyer
AIMS: The Drug Burden Index (DBI) is a dose-related measure of anticholinergic and sedative drug exposure. This cross-sectional study described DBI in older adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) and the most frequently reported therapeutic classes contributing to DBI and examined associations between higher DBI scores and potential adverse effects as well as physical function. METHODS: This study analysed data from Wave 2 (2013/2014) of the Intellectual Disability Supplement to the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (IDS-TILDA), a representative study on the ageing of people with ID in Ireland...
November 29, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191560/msbis-a-multi-step-biomedical-informatics-screening-approach-for-identifying-medications-that-mitigate-the-risks-of-metoclopramide-induced-tardive-dyskinesia
#14
Dong Xu, Alexandrea G Ham, Rickey D Tivis, Matthew L Caylor, Aoxiang Tao, Steve T Flynn, Peter J Economen, Hung K Dang, Royal W Johnson, Vaughn L Culbertson
In 2009 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) placed a black box warning on metoclopramide (MCP) due to the increased risks and prevalence of tardive dyskinesia (TD). In this study, we developed a multi-step biomedical informatics screening (MSBIS) approach leveraging publicly available bioactivity and drug safety data to identify concomitant drugs that mitigate the risks of MCP-induced TD. MSBIS includes (1) TargetSearch (http://dxulab.org/software) bioinformatics scoring for drug anticholinergic activity using CHEMBL bioactivity data; (2) unadjusted odds ratio (UOR) scoring for indications of TD-mitigating effects using the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS); (3) adjusted odds ratio (AOR) re-scoring by removing the effect of cofounding factors (age, gender, reporting year); (4) logistic regression (LR) coefficient scoring for confirming the best TD-mitigating drug candidates...
November 22, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188908/anticholinergic-burden-and-cognition-in-older-patients-with-schizophrenia
#15
Christopher Tsoutsoulas, Benoit H Mulsant, Sanjeev Kumar, Zaid Ghazala, Aristotle N Voineskos, Mahesh Menon, Bruce G Pollock, Tarek K Rajji
OBJECTIVE: Older individuals with schizophrenia are at risk of being treated with anticholinergic medications due to the prevalence of medical comorbidities and polypharmacy. High anticholinergic burden impairs cognition and is a risk factor for Alzheimer's dementia. Thus, we assessed the impact of anticholinergic burden on Alzheimer's dementia-related and schizophrenia-related cognitive functions in older patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: Anticholinergic burden was measured using the Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden scale (ACB) in 60 community-dwelling patients aged ≥ 50 years who met DSM-IV criteria for schizophrenia between May 2007 and November 2011...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184855/dealing-with-complex-overactive-bladder-syndrome-patient-profiles-with-focus-on-fesoterodine-in-or-out-of-the-eau-guidelines
#16
REVIEW
John Heesakkers, Montserrat Espuña Pons, Philip Toozs Hobson, Emmanuel Chartier-Kastler
Overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome is a common, complex, and challenging condition. To assist the management of these patients, the European Association of Urology (EAU) updates its guidelines annually. This review reports the presentations from the symposium titled "Dealing with complex OAB patient profiles: in or out of the EAU guidelines?" held at the 32nd EAU Annual Congress in March 2017 in London. The symposium focused on three groups of OAB patients: women who may also suffer pelvic organ prolapse, stress urinary incontinence, the genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM); patients at risk of cognitive impairment; and elderly patients...
2017: Research and Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183393/prophylactic-penehyclidine-inhalation-for-prevention-of-postoperative-pulmonary-complications-in-high-risk-patients-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Ting Yan, Xin-Quan Liang, Tong Wang, Wei-Ou Li, Hui-Juan Li, Sai-Nan Zhu, Dong-Xin Wang
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) are major causes of morbidity, mortality, and prolonged hospital stay in patients after surgery. Using effective strategies to prevent its occurrence is essential to improve outcome. However, despite various efforts, the incidence of PPCs remains elevated in high-risk patients. Anticholinergic inhalation is used to reduce high airway resistance and improve pulmonary function; it may be helpful to decrease the risk of PPCs. Penehyclidine is a long-acting anticholinergic agent which selectively blocks M1 and M3 receptors...
November 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181828/influence-of-inhaled-corticosteroids-on-bronchial-inflammation-and-pulmonary-function-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-with-moderate-obstruction
#18
Iza Toczyska, Ewa Zwolińska, Andrzej Chcialowski
Inflammation in the bronchial respiratory tract and lung parenchyma underlies the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It consists of effector cell infiltration, changes in reticular basement membrane (RBM) thickness, and the content of inflammatory mediators. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) on the number of inflammatory cells and RBM thickness in bronchial biopsies, and pulmonary function in patients with moderate COPD. Twenty four patients with newly diagnosed COPD were included into the study...
November 28, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180132/the-effect-of-intravitreal-cholinergic-drugs-on-motor-control
#19
Gregory L Willis, Christopher B Freelance
The retina bears embryological, neurochemical and functional similarities to the circadian and dopamine systems of the brain. Recent studies have shown that the intravitreal injection of minute quantities of L-dopa and of the melatonin receptor antagonist ML-23 have anti-Parkinsonian potential. Furthermore, it has been suggested that light therapy may be potentially useful in treating some aspects of Parkinson's disease (PD) and it is hypothesized that this treatment works via the circadian system. Given that little is known about the mechanism by which such treatments work the present study was designed to examine the role of the acetyl cholinergic system of the retina in gross bodily movement...
November 24, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178683/reducing-anticholinergic-medication-burden-in-patients-with-psychotic-or-bipolar-disorders
#20
Ana M Lupu, Kimberly Clinebell, Jessica M Gannon, Justin C Ellison, K N Roy Chengappa
OBJECTIVE: Anticholinergic medications are prescribed to treat extrapyramidal side effects (EPS) associated with antipsychotics. Anticholinergic medications cause several side effects and can often be withdrawn during the maintenance phase of antipsychotic treatment without EPS reemergence. The purpose of this quality improvement (QI) project was to reduce anticholinergic medication burden and improve quality of life in patients with severe mental illness. METHODS: Patients with DSM-IV-TR-diagnosed schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and bipolar disorders in an outpatient psychiatric clinic who were prescribed benztropine were identified, screened for anticholinergic side effects by the treating psychiatrist, and referred to an on-site clinical pharmacist for a comprehensive medication review...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
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