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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055252/the-burden-of-central-anticholinergic-drugs-increases-pain-and-cognitive-dysfunction-more-knowledge-about-drug-interactions-needed
#1
Harald Breivik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055129/desmopressin-for-treating-nocturia-in-men
#2
REVIEW
Julia Han, Jae Hung Jung, Caitlin J Bakker, Mark H Ebell, Philipp Dahm
BACKGROUND: Nocturia is the bothersome symptom of awakening one or more times per night to void. Desmopressin is a commonly used medication for treating nocturia. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of desmopressin as compared to other interventions in the treatment of nocturia in men. SEARCH METHODS: We performed a comprehensive search of medical literature with no restrictions on the language of publication or publication status. The date of the latest search of all databases was August 2017...
October 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048190/the-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-paliperidone-in-mania-of-bipolar-disorder-a-preliminary-meta-analysis
#3
Han-Yung Chang, Ping-Tao Tseng, Brendon Stubbs, Che-Sheng Chu, Dian-Jeng Li, Michele Fornaro, Andre Carvalho, Marco Solmi, Nicola Veronese, Eduard Vieta, Tien-Yu Chen, Yen-Wen Chen, Pao-Yen Lin, Philip Chik-Keung Chow
Paliperidone may be effective for the treatment of bipolar disorder (BD); however, the evidence has been mixed. This is the first meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of paliperidone for the treatment of BD. We performed a systematic search of the literature using major electronic databases from inception to January 27, 2017. Randomized control trials (RCTs) investigating paliperidone treatment among patients with BD versus a placebo or other second-generation antipsychotics were included...
October 2017: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042447/anisocoria-secondary-to-anticholinergic-mydriasis-from-homeopathic-similasan-pink-eye-relief-drops
#4
Lin Chen, Joseph C Yeung, Dennis R Anderson
A 70-year-old-woman developed anisocoria after applying homeopathic eye drops (Similasan Pink Eye Relief) to her left eye. Her pupil was dilated for two weeks and did not respond to light or near stimuli for one week. Both 0.1 % and 1% pilocarpine failed to constrict her left pupil, and magnetic resonance imaging of her brain did not reveal any abnormality. The eye drops she had used contain belladonna extracts, which have a natural atropine component. This case demonstrates the importance, when evaluating a patient presenting with anisocoria, of knowing the chemical ingredients of the homeopathic eye drops, which often are not listed...
October 17, 2017: Clinical Medicine & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040210/anticholinergics-for-asthma-a-long-history
#5
Gustavo J Rodrigo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide a fast overview about the introduction and development of anticholinergic drugs in Western medicine to their current indications particularly in asthma. RECENT FINDINGS: Although short-acting muscarinic antagonists have been positioned in the last 15 years for the treatment of adults and children with moderate-to-severe acute asthma in the emergency setting (reducing the risk of hospital admissions and improving lung function), a growing body of evidence has recently emerged that positions the long-acting muscarinic anticholinergic tiotropium bromide as add-on therapy to at least inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) maintenance therapy in adults, adolescents, and children with symptomatic asthma...
October 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026504/loperamide-dependency-a-case-report
#6
Mehran Zarghami, Maryam Rezapour
BACKGROUND: Loperamide is used as an antidiarrheal drug and is available over-the-counter. It cannot pass the blood-brain barrier and it does not have a considerable abuse potential. It can lead to dangerous cardiac arrhythmia. CASE REPORT: Herein, we report a 35-year-old man with a 13-year history of abusing opioids who had undergone detoxification for four times during this period. He underwent detoxification for using 200 mg loperamide daily with anticholinergic agents, clonidine, non-steroidal analgesics, and diazepam...
January 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018635/a-new-wavelet-based-ecg-delineator-for-the-evaluation-of-the-ventricular-innervation
#7
Matteo Cesari, Jesper Mehlsen, Anne-Birgitte Mehlsen, Helge Bjarup Dissing Sorensen
T-wave amplitude (TWA) has been proposed as a marker of the innervation of the myocardium. Until now, TWA has been calculated manually or with poor algorithms, thus making its use not efficient in a clinical environment. We introduce a new wavelet-based algorithm for the delineation QRS complexes and T-waves, and the automatic calculation of TWA. When validated in the MIT/BIH Arrhythmia database, the QRS detector achieved sensitivity and positive predictive value of 99.84% and 99.87%, respectively. The algorithm was validated also on the QT database and it achieved sensitivity of 99...
2017: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018565/health-related-quality-of-life-and-depression-among-participants-in-the-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-international-collaborative-clinical-alliance-registry
#8
Annie Chou, John A Gonzales, Troy E Daniels, Lindsey A Criswell, Stephen C Shiboski, Caroline H Shiboski
OBJECTIVE: To examine health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and depression among participants in an international Sjögren's syndrome (SS) registry, comparing those with and without SS. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of participants in the Sjögren's International Collaborative Clinical Alliance (SICCA) registry. The 2016 American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism SS classification criteria were used to determine disease status. HRQoL was assessed using the Short Form 12, version 2 Health Survey to derive scores for physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS)...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018010/unusual-complications-from-amitriptyline-intoxication
#9
Takeshi Nishimura, Hayato Maruguchi, Atsunori Nakao, Shinichi Nakayama
Althoughtricyclic antidepressants(TCAs) are frequently prescribed to patients with depression, these drugs can also be misused. A 21-year-old comatose patient was referred to our hospital presenting with ventricular tachycardia. Despite initial treatment including intravascular lipid emulsion, ventricular fibrillation occurred soon after arrival. Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and therapeutic hypothermia were administered. Refractory arrhythmia disappeared on the next day. A high concentration of amitriptyline was identified in his blood samples on arrival...
October 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016375/the-impact-of-medication-anticholinergic-burden-on-cognitive-performance-in-people-with-schizophrenia
#10
Mei San Ang, Nur Amirah Abdul Rashid, Max Lam, Attilio Rapisarda, Michael Kraus, Richard S E Keefe, Jimmy Lee
BACKGROUND: Cognitive deficits are prevalent in people with schizophrenia and associated with functional impairments. In addition to antipsychotics, pharmacotherapy in schizophrenia often includes other psychotropics, and some of these agents possess anticholinergic properties, which may impair cognition. The objective of this study was to explore the association between medication anticholinergic burden and cognition in schizophrenia. METHODS: Seven hundred five individuals with schizophrenia completed a neuropsychological battery comprising Judgment of Line Orientation Test, Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence Matrix Reasoning, Continuous Performance Test-Identical Pairs Version, and the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993264/sensory-mechanical-effects-of-a-dual-bronchodilator-and-its-anticholinergic-component-in-copd
#11
Denis E O'Donnell, Amany F Elbehairy, Azmy Faisal, J Alberto Neder, Katherine A Webb
This randomized, double-blind, crossover study examined the physiological rationale for using a dual long-acting bronchodilator (umeclidinium/vilanterol (UME/VIL)) versus its muscarinic-antagonist component (UME) as treatment for dyspnea and exercise intolerance in moderate COPD. After each 4-week treatment period, subjects performed pulmonary function and symptom-limited constant-work rate cycling tests with diaphragm electromyogram (EMGdi), esophageal (Pes), gastric (Pga) and transdiaphragmatic (Pdi) pressure measurements...
October 7, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992822/therapy-update-for-insomnia-in-the-elderly
#12
Sum Lam, Lucy O Macina
OBJECTIVE: To offer an update on insomnia in older adults and treatment options. DATA SOURCES: A search of PubMed using the terms "insomnia" and "older adults" was performed. Current guidelines, review articles, and drug database and manufacturer package inserts were utilized to provide relevant information. STUDY SELECTION: All English-language articles from 2012 to February 2017 and their bibliographies were reviewed for relevance. Current guidelines from the American College of Physicians, the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, and the American Geriatrics Society's Beers criteria were reviewed...
October 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986184/no-353-treatments-for-overactive-bladder-focus-on-pharmacotherapy-an-addendum
#13
Roxana Geoffrion
OBJECTIVE: This technical update addendum reviews success rates and comparative evidence of the anticholinergic fesoterodine, as well as mechanism of action, safety profile, success rates, and comparative evidence of the β3 agonist mirabegron in the treatment of non-neurogenic overactive bladder syndrome (OAB). This adds to OAB pharmacotherapy recommendations initially published in 2012. INTENDED USERS: Residents and other trainees, primary care practitioners, gynaecologists, urologists, urogynaecologists, and other health care providers who assess, counsel, and treat women with OAB...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983420/velopharyngeal-dystonia-an-unusual-focal-task-specific-dystonia
#14
Amar S Patel, Lucian Sulica, Steven J Frucht
BACKGROUND: Velopharyngeal dysfunction produces a nasal speech pattern because of the inability to close the nasal airway during speech, most often associated with anatomical abnormalities of the palate. CASE REPORT: We describe two cases of possible velopharyngeal dystonia, a task-specific movement disorder causing a speech pattern similar to velopharyngeal dysfunction. Both patients experienced treatment response with anticholinergic medication. DISCUSSION: Dystonia affecting speech via involvement of the pharyngeal musculature may be an unrecognized etiology of voice disorders...
2017: Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978587/persistent-oromandibular-dystonia-and-angioedema-secondary-to-haloperidol
#15
Ruziana Masiran
We report a case in a young man who developed acute, persistent and painful tongue protrusion followed by swelling for more than 24 hours. He had relapse symptoms of schizophrenia and had recently received a single dose of parenteral haloperidol to manage his agitation. His record showed history of similar event and he has been taking atypical antipsychotic for maintenance. Mental state examination on admission revealed an agitated man with disorganised speech, restricted affect, auditory hallucination and persecutory delusion...
October 4, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970454/community-pharmacists-knowledge-regarding-donepezil-averse-effects-and-self-care-recommendations-for-insomnia-for-persons-with-ad
#16
Marketa Marvanova, Paul Jacob Henkel
Alzheimer's disease (AD) impacts millions of individuals worldwide. Since no cure is currently available, acetylcholinesterase inhibitors are symptomatic therapy. This study assessed community pharmacists' knowledge regarding donepezil adverse effects (AEs) and self-care recommendations for insomnia management for persons with AD treated with rivastigmine. This is a cross-sectional, standardized telephone survey of community pharmacists (n = 862) in three study areas: West Virginia, North Dakota/South Dakota, and Southern Oregon/Northern California...
July 28, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966673/desmopressin-plus-anticholinergic-agent-in-the-treatment-of-nocturnal-enuresis-a-meta-analysis
#17
Jianyong Yu, Zhaojun Yan, Shiying Zhou, Feng Han, Feng Xiao, Jian Han, Congling Sun
The present study aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of combination therapy comprising desmopressin plus anticholinergic agent compared with desmopressin alone for children with nocturnal enuresis (NE). A meta-analysis of 8 eligible studies was performed to analyze the effects of desmopressin plus anticholinergic agent combination therapy and desmopressin monotherapy in the treatment of NE in children. The overall odds ratio (OR) or standardized mean difference (SMD) and 95% confidence interval were calculated for full responders (FR), partial responders (PR), non-responders (NR), the change in the mean number of wet nights and adverse events...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965809/predictors-of-negative-symptoms-in-the-chronic-phase-of-schizophrenia-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Koichiro Fujimaki, Shigeru Toki, Hidehisa Yamashita, Takahiro Oyamada, Shigeto Yamawaki
This study was designed to investigate the relationship between negative symptoms and key indicators for long-term hospital stays among inpatients with schizophrenia. A further aim was to elucidate the clinical determinants of negative symptoms. The following were used as index factors: age, duration of illness, duration of hospitalization, age at onset, years of education, smoking status, body mass index, concentrations of serum triglycerides, total cholesterol, uric acid, QTc interval duration from electrocardiography, dose equivalents of antipsychotic and anticholinergic agents, neurocognitive function, drug-induced extrapyramidal symptoms, involuntary movements, and psychiatric symptoms...
September 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958903/th17-cells-mediate-inflammation-in-a-novel-model-of-spontaneous-experimental-autoimmune-lacrimal-keratoconjunctivitis-with-neural-damage
#19
Kyoung Yul Seo, Kazuya Kitamura, Soo Jung Han, Brian Kelsall
BACKGROUND: Dry eye disease (DED) affects one third of population worldwide. In prior studies, experimental autoimmune lacrimal keratoconjunctivitis (EALK) induced by desiccating stress in mice has been used as a model of DED. This model is complicated by a requirement for exogenous epithelial cell injury and the administration of anticholinergic agents that have broad immunological effects. OBJECTIVE: We sought to develop a novel mouse model of EALK, and to demonstrate the responsible immunological pathogenic mechanisms...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953078/inflammatory-urinary-cytokine-expression-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-overactive-bladder
#20
Nirmala Pillalamarri, Dara F Shalom, Marjorie L Pilkinton, Harvey A Winkler, Prodyot K Chatterjee, Malvika Solanki, Christine N Metz
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to analyze levels of selected inflammatory urinary cytokines/chemokines in subjects with overactive bladder (OAB) and to determine if cytokine/chemokine levels correlate with quality of life and symptom distress. METHODS: This prospective, case-control pilot analysis included 23 women with OAB and 22 control subjects. Overactive bladder subjects were enrolled if they had symptoms of urinary frequency, urgency, or urge incontinence for more than 3 months and urodynamic evidence of detrusor overactivity...
September 25, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
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