keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Antiemetics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089187/effect-of-periarticular-morphine-injection-for-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-double-blind-trial
#1
Kentaro Iwakiri, Yoshito Minami, Yoichi Ohta, Akio Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: The periarticular multimodal cocktail injection including morphine is currently commonly used to treat postoperative pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Despite its analgesic effect, it is frequently reported to cause nausea and vomiting, which are adverse effects of opioids. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of morphine as a component of a multimodal cocktail injection for providing postoperative analgesia and alleviating swelling in patients who underwent TKA...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074028/assessment-of-postoperative-pain-control-with-an-elastomeric-pain-pump-following-cardiothoracic-surgery
#2
Anuvrat Chopra, Jeff Hurren, Susan Szpunar, Stephanie B Edwin
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of local anesthesia, delivered via elastomeric pump to manage pain in patients undergoing cardiothoracic surgery. METHODS: A retrospective, comparative analysis evaluating adult cardiothoracic surgery patients (by median sternotomy) who received continuous infusion bupivacaine + traditional methods of pain control (N = 100) or traditional pain control alone (N = 100) from July 2011-October 2013. The primary efficacy end point was total postoperative opioid requirements for 96 hours following surgery...
January 10, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072446/randomized-clinical-trial-of-preoperative-dexamethasone-on-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-after-laparoscopy-for-suspected-appendicitis
#3
J Kleif, A Kirkegaard, J Vilandt, I Gögenur
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the effects of preoperative dexamethasone in acute surgical patients. This study examined the effects of 8 mg dexamethasone administered intravenously 30 min before surgery for suspected acute appendicitis. METHODS: A multicentre, parallel-group, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted at two university hospitals in Denmark. Adults undergoing laparoscopic surgery for suspected appendicitis were eligible for inclusion...
January 10, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070660/treatment-options-for-hyperemesis-gravidarum
#4
REVIEW
Amy Abramowitz, Emily S Miller, Katherine L Wisner
Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a severe and prolonged form of nausea and/or vomiting during pregnancy. HG affects 0.3-2% of pregnancies and is defined by dehydration, ketonuria, and more than 5% body weight loss. Initial pharmacologic treatment for HG includes a combination of doxylamine and pyridoxine. Additional interventions include ondansetron or dopamine antagonists such as metoclopramide or promethazine. The options are limited for women who are not adequately treated with these medications. We suggest that mirtazapine is a useful drug in this context and its efficacy has been described in case studies...
January 9, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065403/medication-errors-in-parkinson-s-disease-inpatients-in-the-basque-country
#5
Unax Lertxundi, Arantxa Isla, María Ángeles Solinís, Saioa Domingo- Echaburu, Rafael Hernandez, Javier Peral-Aguirregoitia, Juan Medrano, Juan Carlos García-Moncó
INTRODUCTION: Parkinson's disease (PD) medication errors, including both missing dopaminergic drug doses and antidopaminergic usage, have been suggested as risk factors for prolonged hospital stays. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of such errors in PD patients admitted to public acute-care hospitals in the Basque Country over a two year period and their association with clinically relevant adverse health outcomes, such as length of hospital stay and mortality...
December 31, 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052910/acupuncture-and-pc6-stimulation-for-the-prevention-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-patients-undergoing-elective-laparoscopic-resection-of-colorectal-cancer-a-study-protocol-for-a-three-arm-randomised-pilot-trial
#6
Kun Hyung Kim, Dae Hun Kim, Ji Min Bae, Gyung Mo Son, Kyung Hee Kim, Seung Pyo Hong, Gi Young Yang, Hee Young Kim
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to assess the feasibility of acupuncture and a Pericardium 6 (PC6) wristband as an add-on intervention of antiemetic medication for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic colorectal cancer resection. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A total of 60 participants who are scheduled to undergo elective laparoscopic resection of colorectal cancer will be recruited. An enhanced recovery after surgery protocol using standardised antiemetic medication will be provided for all participants...
January 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042351/evaluating-community-pharmacy-practice-in-qatar-using-simulated-patient-method-acute-gastroenteritis-management
#7
Mohamed I Ibrahim, Subish Palaian, Fatima Al-Sulaiti, Somia El-Shami
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate Qatari pharmacists' prescribing, labeling, dispensing and counseling practices in response to acute community-acquired gastroenteritis. METHODS: The simulated patient method was used in this study. Thirty pharmacies in Doha were randomly selected and further randomized into two groups: Face-to-Face (n=15) vs. Telephone-call (n=15) per simulated patient; 2 simulated patients were involved. Prescribing, labeling, dispensing and counseling practices were assessed...
October 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042152/a-comparison-between-maropitant-and-metoclopramide-for-the-prevention-of-morphine-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-in-dogs
#8
Augusto M Lorenzutti, Manuel Martín-Flores, Nicolás J Litterio, Martín A Himelfarb, Sergio H Invaldi, María P Zarazaga
Morphine is widely used as a preanesthetic agent in dogs, but it often produces signs of nausea and vomiting. Maropitant (MRP) and metoclopramide (MCP) prevent emesis attributable to the opioid agent apomorphine in dogs. We evaluated the antiemetic efficacy and the discomfort in response to SQ injection of MRP [1 mg/kg body weight (BW)], MCP (0.5 mg/kg BW), and normal saline (SAL; 0.1 mL/kg BW) administered to 63 dogs, 45 minutes prior to morphine (0.5 mg/kg BW) and acepromazine (0.05 mg/kg BW). Dogs were observed for signs of nausea (ptyalism, lip licking, and increased swallowing) and vomiting for 30 minutes after morphine/acepromazine...
January 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040448/randomized-clinical-trial-of-postoperative-belladonna-and-opium-rectal-suppositories-in-vaginal-surgery
#9
K Butler, J Yi, M Wasson, J Klauschie, D Ryan, J Hentz, J Cornella, P Magtibay, R Kho
BACKGROUND: Following vaginal surgery oral and parenteral narcotics are commonly used for pain relief and their use may exacerbate the incidence of sedation, nausea, and vomiting; ultimately delaying convalescence. Previous studies have demonstrated that rectal analgesia following surgery results in lower pain scores and less intravenous morphine consumption. Belladonna and opium (B&O) rectal suppositories may be used to relieve pain and minimize side effects; however their efficacy has not been confirmed...
December 28, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039501/comparison-of-dexamethasone-dimenhydrinate-and-dexamethasone-ondansetron-in-prevention-of-nausea-and-vomiting-in-postoperative-patients
#10
Nurcan Kizilcik, Sevgi Bilgen, Ferdi Menda, Hatice Türe, Bilgehan Aydın, Elif Cigdem Kaspar, Ozge Koner
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting is one of the most common problems after implementation of general anesthesia. The incidence can reach 80% in high-risk patients, depending on the type of surgery. In our study, we aimed to compare dexamethasone-dimenhydrinate and dexamethasone-ondansetron combinations in prevention of nausea and vomiting in postoperative patients. METHOD: Sixty 18-65-year-olds ASAI-II females who underwent rhinoplasty were included in the study...
December 30, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038828/do-emergency-department-patients-with-nausea-and-vomiting-desire-request-or-receive-antiemetics
#11
Adam J Singer, Greg Garra, Henry C Thode
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024715/incidence-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-following-gynecological-laparoscopy-a-comparison-of-standard-anesthetic-technique-and-propofol-infusion
#12
Pradipta Bhakta, Bablu Rani Ghosh, Umesh Singh, Preeti S Govind, Abhinav Gupta, Kulwant Singh Kapoor, Rajesh Kumar Jain, Tulsi Nag, Dipanwita Mitra, Manjushree Ray, Vikash Singh, Gauri Mukherjee
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety, efficacy, and feasibility of propofol-based anesthesia in gynecological laparoscopies in reducing incidences of postoperative nausea and vomiting compared to a standard anesthesia using thiopentone/isoflurane. DESIGN: Randomized single-blind (for anesthesia techniques used) and double-blind (for postoperative assessment) controlled trial. SETTING: Operation theater, postanesthesia recovery room, teaching hospital...
December 23, 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018788/efficacy-of-triple-antiemetic-therapy-palonosetron-dexamethasone-aprepitant-for-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-in-patients-receiving-carboplatin-based-moderately-emetogenic-chemotherapy
#13
Toshimichi Miya, Kunihiko Kobayashi, Mitsunori Hino, Masahiro Ando, Susumu Takeuchi, Masahiro Seike, Kaoru Kubota, Akihiko Gemma
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) is a major adverse toxicity of cancer chemotherapy. Recommended treatments for prevention of CINV vary among published guidelines, and optimal care for CINV caused by moderately emetogenic chemotherapy has not been established. This study assessed the efficacy and safety of triple antiemetic therapy comprising palonosetron, dexamethasone and aprepitant for carboplatin-based chemotherapy. Chemotherapy-naïve patients with lung cancer scheduled for a first course of a carboplatin-containing regimen formed the study cohort...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011248/different-disclosed-probabilities-to-receive-an-antiemetic-equally-decrease-subjective-symptoms-in-an-experimental-placebo-study-to-be-or-not-to-be-sure
#14
Katja Weimer, Björn Horing, Eric R Muth, Jenna L Scisco, Sibylle Klosterhalfen, Paul Enck
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine whether the disclosed probability of receiving an antiemetic affects nausea. METHODS: Forty-eight healthy participants (mean [SD] age, 26.8 [5.4] years; 50% female) were exposed to 5 × 2 minutes of nauseogenic body rotations on 2 days. On day 2, participants were randomized to 3 experimental groups that were given different instructions concerning the probability of receiving an antiemetic remedy (100%, 50%, or 0% probability), whereas all received an inert substance...
December 20, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008288/a-case-of-probable-esomeprazole-induced-transient-liver-injury-in-a-pregnant-woman-with-hyperemesis
#15
Binny Thomas, Mahmoud Mohamed, Moza Al Hail, Fatma Alzahra Y Awwad, Ramy M Wahba, Sabir B Hassan, Khalid Omar, Wessam El Kassem, Palivalappila Abdul Rouf
We report a case of 22-year-old primigravida presented to Women's Hospital - Hamad Medical Corporation emergency with severe epigastric pain, nausea, and vomiting. On admission, she was dehydrated with remarkably worsening symptoms. Laboratory findings revealed significantly elevated liver enzymes with unknown etiology. Her past medical history showed an admission for nausea and vomiting 3 weeks previously and she was discharged on antiemetics, and esomeprazole for the first time. Due to the predominantly elevated liver enzymes, the clinical pharmacist discussed the possibility of esomeprazole-induced adverse effects and suggested to suspend esomeprazole based on the evidence from literature review...
2016: Clinical Pharmacology: Advances and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004440/patients-perception-of-chemotherapy-side-effects-expectations-doctor-patient-communication-and-impact-on-quality-of-life-an-italian-survey
#16
Domenica Lorusso, Emilio Bria, Anna Costantini, Massimo Di Maio, Giovanni Rosti, Annamaria Mancuso
Chemotherapy side effects (CSE) have a strong impact on patients' quality of life (QOL). To assess patient perceptions of CSE, their impact on QOL and doctor-patient communication regarding these aspects, a survey was conducted among Italian cancer patients. Patients at least 18 years of age, who received chemotherapy, were administered a dedicated questionnaire to assess their point of view on five domains: expectations about CSE and impact on QOL; doctor-patient communication about CSE; treatments to reduce the impact of CSE; sexual life; family relationships/activities and employment...
December 22, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002167/haloperidol-versus-ondansetron-for-treatment-of-established-nausea-and-vomiting-following-general-anesthesia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Vanda G Yazbeck-Karam, Sahar M Siddik-Sayyid, Hanane B Barakat, Serge Korjian, Marie T Aouad
BACKGROUND: Haloperidol is an antipsychotic. At low doses, it is a useful agent for the prophylaxis of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). However, its use for treating established PONV has not been well studied. METHODS: This randomized double-blinded trial tested whether haloperidol is noninferior to ondansetron for the early treatment of established PONV in adult patients undergoing general anesthesia. The primary outcome is whether patients were PONV free during the first 4 hours...
December 19, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995318/nausea-and-disturbed-sleep-as-predictors-of-cancer-related-fatigue-in-breast-cancer-patients-a-multicenter-ncorp-study
#18
Anita R Peoples, Joseph A Roscoe, Robert C Block, Charles E Heckler, Julie L Ryan, Karen M Mustian, Michelle C Janelsins, Luke J Peppone, Dennis F Moore, Charlotte Coles, Karen L Hoelzer, Gary R Morrow, Ann M Dozier
PURPOSE: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a prevalent and distressing side effect of cancer and its treatment that remains inadequately understood and poorly managed. A better understanding of the factors contributing to CRF could result in more effective strategies for the prevention and treatment of CRF. The objectives of this study were to examine the prevalence, severity, and potential predictors for the early onset of CRF after chemotherapy cycle 1 in breast cancer patients. METHODS: We report on a secondary data analysis of 548 female breast cancer patients from a phase III multi-center randomized controlled trial examining antiemetic efficacy...
December 20, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988869/comparative-pharmacology-and-guide-to-the-use-of-the-serotonin-5-ht3-receptor-antagonists-for-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting
#19
Anthony L Kovac
Since the introduction of the serotonin 5-hydroxy tryptamine 3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonists in the early 1990s, the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and post-discharge nausea and vomiting (PDNV) has decreased, yet continues to be a problem for the surgical patient. The clinical application of the 5-HT3 receptor antagonists has helped define the approach and role of these antiemetics in the prevention and treatment of PONV and PDNV. Pharmacological and clinical differences exist among these medications resulting in corresponding differences in effectiveness, safety, optimal dosage, time of administration, and use as combination and rescue antiemetic therapy...
December 2016: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988172/-antiemetics-and-cardiac-effects-potentially-linked-to-prolongation-of-the-qt-interval-case-non-case-analysis-in-the-national-pharmacovigilance-database
#20
M Rochoy, M Auffret, J Béné, S Gautier
OBJECTIVES: Observational retrospective studies have linked domperidone and prolonged QT interval, ventricular arrhythmias and risk of sudden death. Since then, antiemetic prescription was applied to other molecules (including metopimazine). The aim of this study was to evaluate the profile of adverse cardiac effects associated with QT prolongation for each antiemetic available in France. METHODS: We conducted disproportionality analyses (case/non-case method), based on the observations recorded consecutively in the French national pharmacovigilance database between 2004 and 2013...
December 14, 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
keyword
keyword
79588
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"