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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639827/the-effects-of-alcohol-expectancy-and-intake-on-slot-machine-gambling-behavior
#1
Dominic Sagoe, Rune Aune Mentzoni, Tony Leino, Helge Molde, Sondre Haga, Mikjel Fredericson Gjernes, Daniel Hanss, Ståle Pallesen
Background and aims Although alcohol intake and gambling often co-occur in related venues, there is conflicting evidence regarding the effects of alcohol expectancy and intake on gambling behavior. We therefore conducted an experimental investigation of the effects of alcohol expectancy and intake on slot machine gambling behavior. Methods Participants were 184 (females = 94) individuals [age range: 18-40 (mean = 21.9) years] randomized to four independent conditions differing in information/expectancy about beverage (told they received either alcohol or placebo) and beverage intake [actually ingesting low (target blood alcohol concentration [BAC] < 0...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623658/echocardiographic-parameters-of-clinically-normal-geriatric-rhesus-macaques-macaca-mulatta
#2
Yu Ueda, Catherine T Gunther-Harrington, Christina L Cruzen, Jeffrey A Roberts, Joshua A Stern
The goal of this study was to generate reference intervals for echocardiographic variables in a population of clinically normalgeriatric rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). To do this, we studied 51 animals (age, 18-29 y; weight, 5.24-17.04 kg). Thenormal values for cardiac indices, including geometry and systolic and diastolic function, were determined by 2D, M-mode,spectral Doppler, and tissue Doppler echocardiography under ketamine hydrochloride sedation. Statistical correlations betweenthe echocardiographic parameters and age, body weight, sex, and heart rate were investigated...
June 16, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621297/endoscopic-ultrasound-with-or-without-fine-needle-aspiration-has-a-meaningful-impact-on-clinical-care-in-the-pediatric-population
#3
Amit Raina, Maire A Conrad, Benjamin Sahn, Alireza Sedarat, Gregory G Ginsberg, Nuzhat A Ahmad, Vinay Chandrasekhara, Petar Mamula, Michael L Kochman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The safety and utility of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) for the evaluation and management of gastrointestinal (GI) tract disorders among adults has been established. The literature on safety and efficacy in a pediatric referral population (under 21 years of age) is limited. We hypothesized that EUS is safe and useful in the pediatric population. We reviewed the pediatric EUS experience at a single tertiary-care system. We describe the indications, findings, safety, technical success rate, and impact on clinical outcomes...
May 2017: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620251/physiological-alteration-quality-of-anesthesia-and-economy-of-isoflurane-in-domestic-chickens-gallus-domesticus
#4
Parag Deori, Kushal Konwar Sarma, Parsha Jyoti Nath, Chandan Kumar Singh, Rita Nath
AIM: Aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of isoflurane anesthesia on physiological parameters, assessment of anesthetic qualities, and economy of use of isoflurane in domestic chickens (Gallus domesticus). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 18 apparently healthy adult domestic chickens were selected randomly and divided into three groups. The birds were anesthetized by masked induction with isoflurane at a dose rate of 3.5%, 4%, and 5% and were maintained with 1...
May 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614197/sedation-management-in-children-supported-on-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-acute-respiratory-failure
#5
James B Schneider, Todd Sweberg, Lisa A Asaro, Aileen Kirby, David Wypij, Ravi R Thiagarajan, Martha A Q Curley
OBJECTIVES: To describe sedation management in children supported on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for acute respiratory failure. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of prospectively collected data from a multicenter randomized trial of sedation (Randomized Evaluation of Sedation Titration for Respiratory Failure). SETTING: Twenty-one U.S. PICUs. PATIENTS: One thousand two hundred fifty-five children, 2 weeks to 17 years old, with moderate/severe pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome...
June 13, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604093/safety-and-efficacy-of-3-pediatric-midazolam-moderate-sedation-regimens
#6
Rachel Gentz, Paul Casamassimo, Homa Amini, Dan Claman, Megann Smiley
Our aim was to characterize effectiveness and complications in children receiving oral midazolam alone, nasal midazolam alone, or oral midazolam with other sedatives. Children received oral midazolam alone, nasal midazolam, or oral midazolam in combination with other sedative medications. All subjects received a presedation history and physical examination and were sedated per protocol by any of 28 resident providers under attending supervision. Sedations were rated for success and complications by clinicians...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598952/a-pediatric-burn-outpatient-short-stay-program-decreases-patient-length-of-stay-with-equivalent-burn-outcomes
#7
Tiffany Zens, Amy Yan, Christina Lee, Cindy Schmitz, Lee Faucher, Angela Gibson
Traditionally, small pediatric burns are managed with inpatient admission and daily dressing changes. In 2011, our burn center implemented an outpatient short stay (OSS) program in which small pediatric burns were managed as an outpatient utilizing Mepilex Ag dressings changed under moderate sedation every 5 to 7 days. Pediatric burn cases were queried for 2 time periods: before the OSS program (2009-2010) and after the OSS program (2013-2014). Burns > 15% TBSA, children with polytrauma, and children > 10 years old were excluded...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596192/the-impact-of-conscious-sedation-versus-general-anesthesia-for-stroke-thrombectomy-on-the-predictive-value-of-collateral-status-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-the-siesta-trial
#8
S Schönenberger, J Pfaff, L Uhlmann, C Klose, S Nagel, P A Ringleb, W Hacke, M Kieser, M Bendszus, M A Möhlenbruch, J Bösel
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Radiologic selection criteria to identify patients likely to benefit from endovascular stroke treatment are still controversial. In this post hoc analysis of the recent randomized Sedation versus Intubation for Endovascular Stroke TreAtment (SIESTA) trial, we aimed to investigate the impact of sedation mode (conscious sedation versus general anesthesia) on the predictive value of collateral status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using imaging data from SIESTA, we assessed collateral status with the collateral score of Tan et al and graded it from absent to good collaterals (0-3)...
June 8, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585495/tympanostomy-tube-placement-in-children-using-a-single-pass-tool-with-moderate-sedation
#9
Shelagh Cofer, Abby Meyer, Daniel Yoon, David Beebe, Chandra Castro, Frank Rimell, Kumar Belani
Insertion of tympanostomy tubes is a common elective pediatric surgical procedure and is typically performed under general anesthesia. The potential to reduce general anesthetic requirements for young children has led to increased interest in alternatives for tympanostomy tube placement. A tympanostomy tube system, developed to enable tympanostomy tube placement in a single pass on conscious patients under moderate sedation, was evaluated. A prospective study on 128 children and 253 tympanostomy tube placements conducted at 4 centers in the United States demonstrated an 88...
May 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583247/pediatric-caries-risk-assessment-as-a-predictor-of-caries-outcomes
#10
Benjamin W Chaffee, John D B Featherstone, Ling Zhan
PURPOSE: To determine cumulative dental treatment experience in a retrospective clinical cohort, according to baseline caries risk assessment (CRA) information. METHODS: Evaluated were electronic records from a university pediatric dental clinic (2009 to 2014) of new, six- to 72- month-old patients who were not treated under sedation or general anesthesia (<small>N</small> equals 750). The mean number of teeth restored or extracted (two-year total and omitting the first 190 days post-baseline to discount initial treatment needs) was compared by baseline CRA category and CRA items (caries risk indicators, protective items, and clinical disease indicators)...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580086/non-intubated-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-decortication-of-empyema-under-thoracic-epidural-anesthesia-a-case-report
#11
Eun-Jin Moon, Yoon-Ju Go, Jun-Young Chung, Jae-Woo Yi
General anesthesia is the main strategy for almost all thoracic surgeries. However, a growing body of literature has reported successful cases of non-intubated thoracic surgery with regional anesthesia. This alternative strategy not only prevents complications related to general anesthesia, such as lung injury, incomplete re-expansion and intubation related problems, but also accords with trends of shorter hospital stay and lower overall costs. We experienced a successful case of non-intubated thoracoscopic decortication for a 68-year-old man who was diagnosed as empyema while the patient kept spontaneously breathing with moderate sedation under thoracic epidural anesthesia...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571040/videolaryngoscopy-during-conscious-sedation-in-patients-not-suitable-for-phonosurgery-by-microlaryngoscopy-a-pilot-study
#12
Vincenzo Saita, Eugenia Allegra, Nicolò Marino, Serena Trapasso, Maria Concetta Monea
BACKGROUND: Microlaryngoscopy is the preferred and most widely used technique in phonosurgery for the treatment of benign and early malignant glottic lesions. However, the procedure may be technically difficult or impossible due to alterations of the cervical spine that may not allow hyperextension of the head or may present general anesthesia contraindications. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of our surgical approach for lesions of the vocal folds in patients who are not suitable for phonosurgery by microlaryngoscopy...
June 2, 2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561345/outcome-after-one-year-of-upper-airway-stimulation-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-a-multicenter-german-post-market-study
#13
Armin Steffen, J Ulrich Sommer, Benedikt Hofauer, Joachim T Maurer, Katrin Hasselbacher, Clemens Heiser
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: Upper airway stimulation (UAS) of the hypoglossal nerve has been implemented in the routine clinical practice for patients with moderate-to-severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) who could not adhere to continuous positive airway pressure. This study reports objective and patient-reported outcome after 12 months of implantation. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter prospective single-arm study. METHODS: Consecutive patients who received the UAS system (Inspire Medical Systems, Inc...
May 31, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554361/guideline-at-a-glance-moderate-sedation-analgesia
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551423/safety-and-predictors-of-next-day-discharge-after-elective-transfemoral-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#15
Sulaiman Rathore, Yevgeniy Latyshev, Sheree Emore, Joseph Rowe, Jason Foerst
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the predictors of next-day discharge (NDD) for selected patients undergoing elective transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TF-TAVR). BACKGROUND: Techniques have rapidly evolved over the last several years to simplify TF-TAVR allowing for a subset of patients to be discharged the next day. METHODS: Baseline and procedural characteristics, in-hospital and 30-day follow-up outcomes, complications and readmission rates of 100 TF-TAVR cases were assessed...
May 19, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522914/one-year-experience-with-computer-assisted-propofol-sedation-for-colonoscopy
#16
Otto S Lin, Danielle La Selva, Richard A Kozarek, Deborah Tombs, Wade Weigel, Ryan Beecher, Johannes Koch, Susan McCormick, Michael Chiorean, Fred Drennan, Michael Gluck, Nanda Venu, Michael Larsen, Andrew Ross
AIM: To report our one-year experience with computer assisted propofol sedation (CAPS) for colonoscopy as the first United States Medical Center to adopt CAPS technology for routine clinical use. METHODS: Between September 2014 and August 2015, 2677 patients underwent elective outpatient colonoscopy with CAPS at our center. All colonoscopies were performed by 1 of 17 gastroenterologists certified in the use of the CAPS system, with the assistance of a specially trained nurse...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521116/efficacy-of-anticonvulsant-substances-in-the-6hz-seizure-test-comparison-of-two-rodent-species
#17
Elise Esneault, Guillaume Peyon, Vincent Castagné
Usually performed in the mouse, the 6Hz seizure test is used for screening potential new anticonvulsant substances against complex partial seizures. Nevertheless, advanced models of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) are more often performed in rats, so that possible species-related differences may complicate the development of anticonvulsant substances. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the feasibility of adapting the 6Hz test in the rat. We first compared the effects of increasing current intensities for inducing seizures in the mouse and in the rat...
May 10, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480864/-antiseizure-activity-of-c-ephalaria-gigantea-root-extract
#18
N Gogitidze, N Mushkiashvili, M Gedevanishvili, N Tabatadze, G Dekanosidze
Antiseizure activity of Cephalaria gigantea root extract was studied using PTZ- and/or audiogenic seizure models in outbred Wistar and inbred Krouchinsky- Molodkina rats respectively. In PTZ - model onset of tonic- clonic seizures, latencies to the beginning of the seizure activity, and mortality, and similarly in audiogenic seizures behavioral convulsive reactions , facial automatisms and latency to wild running were evaluated. The extract is used traditionally in Georgian folk medicine as anticonvulsant drug...
March 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466184/thirty-day-emergency-room-visits-and-hospital-admissions-after-outpatient-non-vascular-image-guided-procedures
#19
Quang Nguyen, Sahil V Mehta, Jieming Fang, Robert Sheiman, Robert Kane, Muneeb Ahmed, Ammar Sarwar, Bettina Siewert, Olga R Brook
PURPOSE: To evaluate the rate of post-procedure emergency department (ED) visits and hospital admissions following outpatient non-vascular image-guided interventions performed under moderate sedation and to identify common and preventable causes of emergency department visits and hospital admissions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval was acquired for this HIPAA-compliant retrospective study with waiver of informed consent. 1426 consecutive patients undergoing 1512 outpatient image-guided procedures under moderate sedation from November 2012 to August 2014 were included...
May 2, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465784/does-deep-sedation-with-propofol-affect-adenoma-detection-rates-in-average-risk-screening-colonoscopy-exams
#20
Selvi Thirumurthi, Gottumukkala S Raju, Mala Pande, Joseph Ruiz, Richard Carlson, Katherine B Hagan, Jeffrey H Lee, William A Ross
AIM: To determine the effect of sedation with propofol on adenoma detection rate (ADR) and cecal intubation rates (CIR) in average risk screening colonoscopies compared to moderate sedation. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 2604 first-time average risk screening colonoscopies performed at MD Anderson Cancer Center from 2010-2013. ADR and CIR were calculated in each sedation group. Multivariable regression analysis was performed to adjust for potential confounders of age and body mass index (BMI)...
April 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
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