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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762290/implications-of-synkinesis-in-unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis
#1
Yu-Cheng Pei, Wei-Han Chang, Hsiu-Feng Chuang, Chia-Fen Chang, Tuan-Jen Fang
Objectives In patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP), laryngeal electromyography (LEMG) occasionally observes synkinesis in laryngeal muscles, a condition that could impair vocal fold mobility and voice control. This study aims to evaluate the impact of synkinesis on UVFP patients. Study Design A retrospective case-control study. Setting Medical center. Subjects and Methods Patients with UVFP onset >6 months were recruited (N = 104). The outcome measurements included LEMG, quantitative LEMG analysis of thyroarytenoid-lateral cricoarytenoid (TA-LCA) muscle complex, glottal gap measured by videolaryngostroboscopy, voice-related quality of life, and voice acoustic analysis...
July 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688864/an-objective-assessment-of-botulinum-toxin-type-a-injection-in-the-treatment-of-post-facial-palsy-synkinesis-and-hyperkinesis-using-the-synkinesis-assessment-questionnaire
#2
Catriona Neville, Vanessa Venables, Margaret Aslet, Charles Nduka, Ruben Kannan
This study aimed to provide reliable and valid evidence that botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) is a successful treatment for facial synkinesis in facial palsy by using the synkinesis assessment questionnaire (SAQ) tool. Fifty-one patients completed questionnaires pre- and post-BTX-A treatment over 103 cycles of treatment. Each patient was individually assessed and then treated according to their presenting symptoms with a dosage in each injection site of between 0.5 and 5 U of BTX-A. A two-tailed paired samples t-test was used to compare the scores for each question before and after treatment...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684285/a-higher-quality-of-life-with-cross-face-nerve-grafting-as-an-adjunct-to-a-hypoglossal-facial-nerve-jump-graft-in-facial-palsy-treatment
#3
Martinus M van Veen, Pieter U Dijkstra, Paul M N Werker
Nerve reconstructions are the preferred technique for short-standing facial paralysis, most commonly using the contralateral facial nerve or ipsilateral hypoglossal nerve. The hypoglossal nerve provides a strong motor signal, whereas the signal of a cross-face nerve graft is weaker but spontaneous. Spontaneity in facial expression is believed to be important for psychological wellbeing. Therefore, a combination of the two procedures incorporates the best of both: a strong motor signal and a spontaneous smile...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604403/latest-advances-in-the-management-of-facial-synkinesis
#4
Jeffrey D Markey, Myriam Loyo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of the treatment options for nonflaccid facial paralysis including physical rehabilitation, botulinum toxin injection and surgical intervention. To also describe recent technique advances regarding facial synkinesis in each zone of facial movement. RECENT FINDINGS: Physical therapy and neuromodulation with botulinum toxin continues to be the main treatment strategy for facial synkinesis. Treating the orbicularis oculi, mentalis and platysma muscles with neurotoxin has been well described...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562372/masseteric-to-buccal-branch-nerve-transfer
#5
Sinehan B Bayrak, J David Kriet, Clinton D Humphrey
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review recent literature pertaining to the use of masseteric-facial nerve neurorrhaphy (MFNN) for facial reanimation in patients with facial paralysis. RECENT FINDINGS: First, MFNN effectively restores some midface tone and function, including the ability to smile. Second, use of the masseteric nerve minimizes synkinesis, dysarthria, and dysphagia that frequently occur after hypoglossal-facial nerve neurorrhaphy. Third, concurrent cable grafting to the zygomatic branch from an intact proximal facial nerve remnant - when available - can restore dynamic eye closure...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539869/correct-the-smile-of-a-child-by-neuromuscular-facilitation-technique-an-interesting-case-report
#6
Vencita Priyanka Aranha, Asir John Samuel, Kanimozhi Narkeesh
Bell's palsy (BP) in children is a rare case with no documented evidence regarding its rehabilitation management. Till date, individuals with BP are being treated with electrical stimulation are proportionately greater than other conventional means such as facial exercise and massage. These conventional modes of treatment have proved to have less incidence of synkinesis with more benefits. Here, we report a case of a 7-year-old boy diagnosed clinically to have right idiopathic facial nerve paralysis, who underwent 14 days of facial proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercises along with facial therapeutic massage...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471705/individualized-management-of-facial-synkinesis-based-on-facial-function
#7
Cecilia Montalban Maria, Jin Kim
OBJECTIVES: The researchers analyzed facial patterns in subjects with facial synkinesis after facial paralysis and evaluated the involved muscles to aid in the development of effective treatments for facial synkinesis. METHODS: A total of 142 subjects were included in the study, the primary measure for synkinesis was determined by video analysis involving the strongest combination of two muscle groups that contributed to facial expression. The secondary measure of synkinesis was the analysis of its severity using the SB grading system, while observing the number of facial synkinetic movements...
September 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389084/botulinum-toxin-treatment-for-facial-palsy-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Lilli Cooper, Michael Lui, Charles Nduka
BACKGROUND: Facial palsy may be complicated by ipsilateral synkinesis or contralateral hyperkinesis. Botulinum toxin is increasingly used in the management of facial palsy; however, the optimum dose, treatment interval, adjunct therapy and performance as compared with alternative treatments have not been well established. This study aimed to systematically review the evidence for the use of botulinum toxin in facial palsy. METHOD: The Cochrane central register of controlled trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE(R) (1946 to September 2015) and Embase Classic + Embase (1947 to September 2015) were searched for randomised studies using botulinum toxin in facial palsy...
June 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349542/onset-of-bell-s-palsy-in-late-pregnancy-and-early-puerperium-is-associated-with-worse-long-term-outcomes
#9
Katie M Phillips, Alyssa Heiser, Robert Gaudin, Tessa A Hadlock, Nate Jowett
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of Bell's palsy (BP) is elevated in the late phases of pregnancy. Controversy exists as to whether pregnancy is a risk factor for worse outcomes in BP, and whether such outcomes are the result of factors intrinsic to pregnancy or the tendency to withhold medical therapy in this cohort. METHODS: Long-term facial function outcomes in cases of pregnancy-associated BP (PABP) were compared against outcomes in cases affecting nonpregnant adult women of child-bearing age by a blinded expert using the electronic clinician-graded facial function scale (eFACE) facial grading system...
March 27, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338582/validation-of-the-clinician-graded-electronic-facial-paralysis-assessment
#10
Lauren S H Chong, Timothy J Eviston, Tsu-Hui Hubert Low, Shaheen Hasmat, Susan E Coulson, Jonathan R Clark
BACKGROUND: Facial paralysis remains a debilitating condition despite advances in medical, surgical, and adjunctive interventions. Established grading systems used to assess facial paralysis and interventional outcomes have well-described limitations. The Electronic Facial Paralysis Assessment, a clinician-graded zone-based facial function scale, has recently emerged as a grading tool that may provide greater sensitivity when assessing incomplete paralysis and postsurgical improvement...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193257/bell-s-palsy-in-children-bellpic-protocol-for-a-multicentre-placebo-controlled-randomized-trial
#11
Franz E Babl, Mark T Mackay, Meredith L Borland, David W Herd, Amit Kochar, Jason Hort, Arjun Rao, John A Cheek, Jeremy Furyk, Lisa Barrow, Shane George, Michael Zhang, Kaya Gardiner, Katherine J Lee, Andrew Davidson, Robert Berkowitz, Frank Sullivan, Emily Porrello, Kim Marie Dalziel, Vicki Anderson, Ed Oakley, Sandy Hopper, Fiona Williams, Catherine Wilson, Amanda Williams, Stuart R Dalziel
BACKGROUND: Bell's palsy or acute idiopathic lower motor neurone facial paralysis is characterized by sudden onset paralysis or weakness of the muscles to one side of the face controlled by the facial nerve. While there is high level evidence in adults demonstrating an improvement in the rate of complete recovery of facial nerve function when treated with steroids compared with placebo, similar high level studies on the use of steroids in Bell's palsy in children are not available. The aim of this study is to assess the utility of steroids in Bell's palsy in children in a randomised placebo-controlled trial...
February 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121888/worldwide-testing-of-the-eface-facial-nerve-clinician-graded-scale
#12
Caroline A Banks, Nathan Jowett, Babak Azizzadeh, Carien Beurskens, Prabhat Bhama, Gregory Borschel, Christopher Coombs, Susan Coulson, Glen Croxon, Jaqueline Diels, Adel Fattah, Manfred Frey, Javier Gavilan, Douglas Henstrom, Marc Hohman, Jennifer Kim, Henri Marres, Richard Redett, Alison Snyder-Warwick, Tessa Hadlock
BACKGROUND: The electronic, clinician-graded facial function scale (eFACE) is a potentially useful tool for assessing facial function. Beneficial features include its digital nature, use of visual analogue scales, and provision of graphic outputs and scores. The authors introduced the instrument to experienced facial nerve clinicians for feedback, and examined the effect of viewing a video tutorial on score agreement. METHODS: Videos of 30 patients with facial palsy were embedded in an Apple eFACE application...
February 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114700/-botulinum-toxin-new-developments-in-ophthalmology
#13
B Wabbels
Botulinum toxin is recognised as the gold standard for the treatment of essential blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm, which is similar in effect in synkinesis after facial nerve palsy. The injection intervals can be adjusted according to the patients' needs and be shortened for up to six weeks in cases of eyelid cramping. Newer indications for the use of botulinum toxin in ophthalmology include eyelid retraction in Graves' disease, induction of protective ptosis and treatment of crocodile tears syndrome after facial nerve palsy...
January 23, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105659/effect-of-intralaryngeal-muscle-synkinesis-on-perception-of-voice-handicap-in-patients-with-unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis
#14
R Jun Lin, Michael C Munin, Clark A Rosen, Libby J Smith
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Intralaryngeal muscle synkinesis associated with unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) is thought to preserve thyroarytenoid-lateral cricoarytenoid muscle complex tone, resulting in a better voice despite the presence of vocal fold paralysis (VFP). This study compares voice handicap in patients with unilateral VFP (UVFP) with and without evidence of adductory synkinesis on laryngeal electromyography (LEMG). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of LEMG data and Voice Handicap Index-10 (VHI-10) scores of patients diagnosed with permanent UVFP...
January 20, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006048/test-retest-reliability-and-agreement-between-in-person-and-video-assessment-of-facial-mimetic-function-using-the-eface-facial-grading-system
#15
Caroline A Banks, Nate Jowett, Tessa A Hadlock
Importance: Use of a robust high-resolution instrument for grading of facial symmetry would enhance reporting the outcomes of facial reanimation interventions. The eFACE is one such tool. Objective: To determine test-retest reliability of the eFACE tool over time and agreement between eFACE assessments made in person vs those made using video of facial mimetic function. Design, Setting, and Participants: A prospective observational study was conducted among 75 consecutive patients with varying degrees of facial palsy who presented between July 1 and December 31, 2014, to an academic tertiary referral hospital...
May 1, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940697/familial-congenital-facial-synkinesis-due-to-12q-duplication-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Kenneth Alexis Myers, Allan Micheil Innes, Jean Kit-Wah Mah
Inverse Marcus Gunn phenomenon is a rare form of congenital facial synkinesis in which jaw movement temporarily elicits ptosis, either unilateral or bilateral. This phenomenon is presumed to result from dysinnervation of facial muscles during development of the nervous system. We describe 2 brothers, both with inverse Marcus Gunn phenomenon in the context of multiple other congenital anomalies, all presumed secondary to a chromosomal abnormality involving 12q duplication and 1p36 deletion. Although a handful of familial cases of congenital facial synkinesis have been previously described, this is the first in which a genetic abnormality has been identified...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922972/idiopathic-synkinesis-of-the-facial-musculature-oculo-nasal-oculo-zygomatic-and-fronto-nasal-synkinesis
#17
Sujin Bahk, SeungHwan Hwang, SuRak Eo
Facial synkinesis is the simultaneous contraction of the certain facial musculature accompanying a motion of designated muscle in the face. With the exception of rare afflictions that are congenital in origin, most patients develop as a sequel to facial nerve paralysis due to trauma, tumor, and surgical injury. As an idiopathic congenital form, oculo-nasal synkinesis which reveals co-contraction of orbicularis oculi and the compressor narium minor muscles which are innervated by separate branches of the facial nerve have been already reported...
January 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882653/synkinesis-in-bell-s-palsy-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
N Bylund, D Jensson, S Enghag, T Berg, E Marsk, M Hultcrantz, N Hadziosmanovic, A Rodriguez-Lorenzo, L Jonsson
OBJECTIVES: To study the development of synkinesis in Bell's palsy. Frequency, severity, gender aspects and predictors were analysed. DESIGN: Data from the randomised controlled Scandinavian Bell's palsy trial including 829 patients. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Frequency and severity of synkinesis at 12 months were the main outcome measures. Mean Sunnybrook synkinesis scores, voluntary movement scores and composite scores between 6 and 12 months were compared...
June 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861947/recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-regeneration-using-an-oriented-collagen-scaffold-containing-schwann-cells
#19
Shun-Ichi Chitose, Kiminori Sato, Mioko Fukahori, Shintaro Sueyoshi, Takashi Kurita, Hirohito Umeno
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Regeneration of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN), which innervates the intrinsic laryngeal muscles such that they can perform complex functions, is particularly difficult to achieve. Synkinesis after RLN neogenesis leads to uncoordinated movement of laryngeal muscles. Recently, some basic research studies have used cultured Schwann cells (SCs) to repair peripheral nerve injuries. This study aimed to regenerate the RLN using an oriented collagen scaffold containing cultured SCs...
November 15, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833273/debates-to-personal-conclusion-in-peripheral-nerve-injury-and-reconstruction-a-30-year-experience-at-chang-gung-memorial-hospital
#20
David Chwei-Chin Chuang
Significant progress has been achieved in the science and management of peripheral nerve injuries over the past 40 years. Yet there are many questions and few answers. The author, with 30 years of experience in treating them at the Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, addresses debates on various issues with personal conclusions. These include: (1) Degree of peripheral nerve injury, (2) Timing of nerve repair, (3)Technique of nerve repair, (4) Level of brachial plexus injury,(5) Level of radial nerve injury,(6) Traction avulsion amputation of major limb, (7) Proximal Vs distal nerve transfers in brachial plexus injuries and (8) Post paralysis facial synkinesis...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
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