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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161796/-small-bowel-perforation-caused-by-press-through-package
#1
Jung Seok Kim, Jae Myung Cha, Min Seob Kwak, Jin Young Yoon, Jung Won Jeon, Hyun Phil Shin, Kwang Ro Joo, Joung Il Lee, Hye Young Kim
With an increased use of the press-through package (PTP) tablet, there has also been an increase in mis-swallowing cases, especially in elderly patients. We report a rare case of PTP-induced small bowel perforation and fistula formation with adjacent small bowel in a healthy elderly patient, who experienced persistent abdominal pain of unknown cause. A 62-year-old healthy man was admitted to our hospital with left abdominal pain that started one month ago. Neither abdominal tenderness nor rebound tenderness was present on physical examination...
November 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161683/out-of-the-blue-finger-ischaemia-and-occult-colorectal-cancer
#2
Ami Schattner
A woman aged 66 years with a history of unprovoked deep venous thrombosis (DVT) presented with persistent digital ischaemic changes of 2 of her right hand fingers. Physical examination was otherwise normal and extensive laboratory and imaging studies were unremarkable. A history of unprovoked DVT and the current episode of digital ischaemia prompted concern for underlying occult malignancy. Repeated history-taking revealed a strongly positive family history suggesting an occult colorectal cancer. Colonoscopy with biopsy revealed adenocarcinoma...
March 8, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161416/combined-ovarian-and-adrenal-venous-sampling-in-the-localization-of-acth-independent-ectopic-cushing-s-syndrome
#3
Shi Chen, Ran Li, Xiaobo Zhang, Lin Lu, Ji Li, Hui Pan, Huijuan Zhu
Context: Cushing's syndrome is rarely caused by the secretion of cortisol from the ovarian tumors. It is important to determine whether the ovarian tumor is capable of secreting cortisol or not in clinical decision making. Selective ovarian and adrenal venous sampling has not been reported previously in the localization of ACTH-independent ectopic Cushing's syndrome. Case description: Herein, we presented a case of 40-year-old Chinese woman who has been manifested with weight gain, hirsutism, hypertension and menstrual disorder over a period of 6 months...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161361/trajectories-of-frailty-among-chinese-older-people-in-hong-kong-between-2001-and-2012-an-age-period-cohort-analysis
#4
Ruby Yu, Moses Wong, K C Chong, Billy Chang, C M Lum, T W Auyeung, Jenny Lee, Ruby Lee, Jean Woo
Background: there is little evidence to suggest that older people today are living in better health than their predecessors did at the same age. Only a few studies have evaluated whether there are birth cohort effects on frailty, an indicator of health in older people, encompassing physical, functional and mental health dimensions. Objectives: this study examined longitudinal trajectories of frailty among Chinese older people in Hong Kong. Methods: this study utilised data from the 18 Elderly Health Centres of the Department of Health comprising a total of 417,949 observations from 94,550 community-dwelling Chinese people aged ≥65 years in one early birth cohort (1901-23) and four later birth cohorts (1924-29, 1930-35, 1936-41, 1942-47) collected between 2001 and 2012, to examine trajectories of the frailty index and how birth cohorts may have contributed to the trends using an age-period-cohort analysis...
November 17, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161331/combined-effects-of-fruit-and-vegetables-intake-and-physical-activity-on-the-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-chinese-adults
#5
Xin-Tong Li, Wei Liao, Hong-Jie Yu, Ming-Wei Liu, Shuai Yuan, Bo-Wen Tang, Xu-Hao Yang, Yong Song, Yao Huang, Shi-le Cheng, Zhi-Yu Chen, Samuel D Towne, Zong-Fu Mao, Qi-Qiang He
BACKGROUND: Unbalanced dietary intake and insufficient physical activity (PA) have been recognized as risk factors for metabolic syndrome (MetS). We aimed to examine the independent and combined effects of fruit and vegetables (FV) intake and PA on MetS. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among residents of China in 2009, with fasting blood samples collected. Participants were divided into sufficient/insufficient FV intake and adequate/ inadequate PA groups according to self-reported questionnaires...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161227/motor-skill-learning-and-the-development-of-visual-perception-processes-supporting-action-identification
#6
Inchon Park, John J Buchanan
This study examined physical training and observational training influences on motor learning and the development of visual discrimination processes. Participants were trained on a bimanual task (relative phase of +90°) defined by a visual training stimulus. There were 2 observational contexts: 1) model-only, watch a learning model, and 2) stimulus-only, watch the visual training stimulus. After 2 d of training, the learning models performed the +90° pattern with reduced error in 2 retention tests. Each observer group showed improvement in performance of the +90° pattern, with the stimulus-only group characterized by a more significant improvement...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161204/effect-of-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-esophageal-or-junctional-cancer-results-from-the-randomized-cross-trial
#7
Bo Jan Noordman, Mathilde G E Verdam, Sjoerd M Lagarde, Maarten C C M Hulshof, Pieter van Hagen, Mark I van Berge Henegouwen, Bas P L Wijnhoven, Hanneke W M van Laarhoven, Grard A P Nieuwenhuijzen, Geke A P Hospers, Johannes J Bonenkamp, Miguel A Cuesta, Reinoud J B Blaisse, Olivier R Busch, Fiebo J W Ten Kate, Geert-Jan M Creemers, Cornelis J A Punt, John Th M Plukker, Henk M W Verheul, Ernst J Spillenaar Bilgen, Herman van Dekken, Maurice J C van der Sangen, Tom Rozema, Katharina Biermann, Jannet C Beukema, Anna H M Piet, Caroline M van Rij, Janny G Reinders, Hugo W Tilanus, Ewout W Steyerberg, Ate van der Gaast, Mirjam A G Sprangers, J Jan B van Lanschot
Purpose To compare pre-agreed health-related quality of life (HRQOL) domains in patients with esophageal or junctional cancer who received neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) followed by surgery or surgery alone. Secondary aims were to examine the effect of nCRT on HRQOL before surgery and the effect of surgery on HRQOL. Patients and Methods Patients were randomly assigned to nCRT (carboplatin plus paclitaxel with concurrent 41.4-Gy radiotherapy) followed by surgery or surgery alone. HRQOL was measured using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 (QLQ-C30) and -Oesophageal Cancer Module (QLQ-OES24) questionnaires pretreatment and at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months postoperatively...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161177/interactions-among-sexual-activity-menstrual-cycle-phase-and-immune-function-in-healthy-women
#8
Tierney K Lorenz, Julia R Heiman, Gregory E Demas
Past research has found menstrual-cycle-related changes in functional immune response; we examined if sexual activity also changed markers of immune defense. We followed 32 naturally cycling women (15 sexually active with a partner ≥ 1 time/week, 17 sexually abstinent for the last four months) over one menstrual cycle. Participants provided serum and saliva samples at menses and ovulation, and additional saliva samples at midfollicular and midluteal phases. At each phase, participants also self-reported symptoms associated with colds, flu, pain, menstrual discomfort, and premenstrual syndrome...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161165/alcohol-misuse-in-reserve-soldiers-and-their-partners-cross-spouse-effects-of-deployment-and-combat-exposure
#9
Bonnie M Vest, Sarah Cercone Heavey, D Lynn Homish, Gregory G Homish
BACKGROUND: Military deployment and combat are associated with worse outcomes, including alcohol misuse. Less is known about how these experiences affect soldiers' spouses. OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to explore relationships between deployment, combat exposure, and alcohol misuse; especially cross-spouse effects (effect of one partner's experiences/behavior on the other partner), which has been under-examined in military samples. METHODS: U...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160915/spray-drying-of-spinach-juice-characterization-chemical-composition-and-storage
#10
Gülşah Çalışkan Koç, Safiye Nur Dirim
The 1st aim of this study is to determine the influence of inlet and outlet air temperatures on the physical and chemical properties of obtained powders from spinach juice (SJ) with 3.2 ± 0.2 °Brix (°Bx). Second, the effect of 3 different drying agents (maltodextrin, whey powder, and gum Arabic) on the same properties was investigated for the selected inlet/outlet temperatures (160/100 °C) which gives the minimum moisture content and water activity values. For this purpose, the total soluble solid content of SJ was adjusted to 5...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160826/the-communication-awareness-relationships-and-empowerment-c-a-r-e-model-an-effective-tool-for-engaging-urban-communities-in-community-based-participatory-research
#11
Joniqua Ceasar, Marlene H Peters-Lawrence, Valerie Mitchell, Tiffany M Powell-Wiley
Little is known about recruitment methods for racial/ethnic minority populations from resource-limited areas for community-based health and needs assessments, particularly assessments that incorporate mobile health (mHealth) technology for characterizing physical activity and dietary intake. We examined whether the Communication, Awareness, Relationships and Empowerment (C.A.R.E.) model could reduce challenges recruiting and retaining participants from faith-based organizations in predominantly African American Washington, D...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160819/physical-fighting-and-associated-factors-among-adolescents-aged-13-15-years-in-six-western-pacific-countries
#12
Lili Yang, Yuanyuan Zhang, Bo Xi, Pascal Bovet
Youth violence is an important public health challenge around the world, yet the literature on this problem in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) has been limited. The present study aims to examine the prevalence of adolescent physical fighting (defined as having been involved in at least one physical fight during the past 12 months) in selected LMICs, and its relations with potential risk factors. We included 6377 school-going adolescents aged 13-15 years from six Western Pacific (WP) countries that had recently conducted a Global School-based Student Health Survey...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160809/evaluation-of-dietary-intakes-and-supplement-use-in-paralympic-athletes
#13
Robyn F Madden, Jane Shearer, Jill A Parnell
Dietary intakes and supplement use in Paralympic athletes remains largely unexplored, and specialized recommendations are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate nutrient intakes and supplement use in high-performance athletes with physical disabilities using three-day food records and a validated dietary supplement use questionnaire. A secondary aim examined gender differences in nutrient and supplement intakes. Male (n = 18) and female (n = 22) athletes were recruited from nine Paralympic sports through sporting organizations, coaches, and social media...
November 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160718/social-and-leisure-activity-profiles-and-well-being-among-the-older-adults-a-longitudinal-study
#14
Joulain Michèle, Martinent Guillaume, Taliercio Alain, Bailly Nathalie, Ferrand Claude, Gana Kamel
OBJECTIVES: Studies highlight the beneficial effects of social and leisure activities on the well-being of aging people. Our aims were: to investigate activity profiles among older adults living in their own homes, to highlight potential changes in profiles over a period of five years and to examine effects of differences between these profiles on well-being variables. METHODS: Three waves were considered in this longitudinal study, with 550, 410 and 374 people (76, 79, 82 years on average), respectively...
November 21, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160644/how-to-manage-joint-pain-in-children-and-adolescents
#15
Edoardo Marrani, Ilaria Maccora, Teresa Giani, Gabriele Simonini, Rolando Cimaz
In children, joint pain is common complaint and it proves challenging for primary care physicians. The differential possible diagnoses include a wide range of disorders, from the common and benign ones to serious and even lifethreating conditions. An accurate workup of these patients is needed, with thorough patient history and a systematic physical examination as essential tools. Clarifying the nature, the site, and the duration of the pain is fundamental as well as identifying systemic symptoms such as fever, weight loss, and night sweating...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160606/the-relationship-between-hazardous-alcohol-use-and-violence-among-street-involved-youth
#16
Nadia Fairbairn, Evan Wood, Sabina Dobrer, Huiru Dong, Thomas Kerr, Kora Debeck
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Alcohol is a major contributor to premature disability and death among youth, often due to physical trauma, violence, and suicide. The purpose of this study was to longitudinally examine the association between hazardous alcohol use and experiences of violence among a cohort of street-involved youth. METHODS: Data were derived from the At-Risk Youth Study (ARYS), a prospective cohort of street-involved youth who use illicit substances in Vancouver, Canada...
November 21, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160597/effects-of-a-psychosocial-intervention-programme-combined-with-exercise-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-chronic-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
T Hirase, H Kataoka, J Nakano, S Inokuchi, J Sakamoto, M Okita
BACKGROUND: Although researchers have recommended exercise training and psychosocial intervention to manage chronic pain, an effective intervention for Japanese community-dwelling older adults with chronic pain has not been established. This randomized controlled trial examined whether exercise training combined with psychosocial intervention more effectively improves pain, psychological status and physical activity than does exercise training alone in this population. METHODS: We randomized 128 older adults with chronic pain to either an intervention group (n = 64) involving exercise training combined with psychosocial intervention, or a control group (n = 64) involving only exercise training...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160546/cortical-blindness-secondary-to-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-recovered-by-successful-blood-pressure-management
#18
José Manuel Abalo-Lojo, Sandra Baleato-González, Francisco Gonzalez
We report a case of cortical blindness secondary to posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome, which was successfully treated by blood pressure management. A 66-year-old white man presented at the emergency room complaining of severe frontal headache, disorientation, and progressive blurred vision. The initial physical examination disclosed a blood pressure of 200/176 mmHg. One hour later the patient exhibited mental confusion and bilateral blindness. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging were performed, and a systemic workup was conducted, resulting in a diagnosis of posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome...
September 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160542/corneal-biomechanical-features-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#19
Kubra Serefoglu Cabuk, Emine Isil Üstün, Kursat Atalay, Ahmet Kirgiz, Rukiye Aydin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the corneal biomechanical features and central corneal thickness in ankylosing spondylitis patients and to evaluate correlations of these parameters with disease activity. METHODS: The study included 51 patients diagnosed with ankylosing spondylitis (mean age, 40.80 ± 13.15 years; range, 18-72 years) and 34 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (mean age, 42.00 ± 12.32 years; range, 18-60 years). All underwent a complete ophthalmological and physical examination, including visual acuity testing and biomicroscopic anterior and posterior segment examinations...
September 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160443/body-fat-redistribution-and-changes-in-lipid-and-glucose-metabolism-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#20
Rebeca Antunes Beraldo, André Pereira Dos Santos, Mariana Palma Guimarães, Helena Siqueira Vassimon, Francisco José Albuquerque de Paula, Dalmo Roberto Lopes Machado, Maria Cristina Foss-Freitas, Anderson Marliere Navarro
INTRODUCTION: The HIV lipodystrophy syndrome is characterized by changes in metabolism, and body composition that increase cardiovascular risk of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) using highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of lipodystrophy and changes in lipid and glucose metabolism in PLWHA in use of HAART. METHODS: For the anthropometric evaluation we measured weight, height and abdominal circumference (AC)...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
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