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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641129/moderate-and-vigorous-physical-activity-patterns-among-marijuana-users-results-from-the-2007-2014-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys
#1
Denise C Vidot, Jordan B Bispo, WayWay M Hlaing, Guillermo Prado, Sarah E Messiah
The relationship between marijuana use and recreational physical activity has yet to be explored in the United States. Our aim was to examine this relationship in a population-based sample of 20-to-59-year olds (N=12,618) using 2007-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Marijuana use was categorized as never (reference group), past (previously but not within the last 30-days), and current (>1day in the last 30-days) use. Current users were further categorized based on frequency of use (light, moderate, and heavy users)...
June 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641072/overweight-obesity-and-extreme-obesity-among-mississippi-adults-2001-2010-and-2011-2015
#2
Vincent L Mendy, Rodolfo Vargas, Gerri Cannon-Smith, Marinelle Payton
INTRODUCTION: In 2015, about 1.5 million adults in Mississippi were overweight or obese. Obesity is associated with increased risk for diabetes and cardiovascular problems. We examined trends in the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and extreme obesity from 2001 through 2010 and 2011 through 2015. METHODS: We used data from the Mississippi Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System to analyze trends in the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and extreme obesity among adults from 2001 through 2010 and 2011 through 2015...
June 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640907/accelerometer-measured-levels-of-moderate-to-vigorous-intensity-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-in-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Rabha Elmesmari, John J Reilly, Anne Martin, James Y Paton
CONTEXT: Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time (ST) are important for child and adolescent health. OBJECTIVE: To examine habitual levels of accelerometer measured MVPA and ST in children and adolescents with chronic disease, and how these levels compare with healthy peers. METHODS: Data sources: An extensive search was carried out in Medline, Cochrane library, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus and CINAHL from 2000-2017. Study selection: Studies with accelerometer-measured MVPA and/or ST (at least 3 days and 6 hours/day to provide estimates of habitual levels) in children 0-19 years of age with chronic diseases but without co-morbidities that would present major impediments to physical activity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640773/salivary-mitochondrial-dna-copy-number-is-associated-with-exercise-ventilatory-efficiency
#4
Yang Chen, Helene Z Hill, Gudrun Lange, Michael J Falvo
Chen, Y, Hill, HZ, Lange, G, and Falvo, MJ. Salivary mitochondrial DNA copy number is associated with exercise ventilatory efficiency. J Strength Cond Res 31(7): 2000-2004, 2017-Mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn) is an index of mitochondrial content and is responsive to changes in exercise training volume. Therefore, assessment of mtDNAcn may help to optimize exercise prescription and aid in athlete monitoring. Although previous work has assessed mtDNAcn derived from skeletal muscle and blood using invasive approaches, no study has examined salivary mtDNAcn and its relationship with sport performance...
July 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640759/electroactive-%C3%AE-crystalline-phase-inclusion-and-photoluminescence-response-of-heat-controlled-spin-coated-pvdf-tio2-free-standing-nanocomposite-film-for-nanogenerator-and-active-nanosensor
#5
Md Mehebub Alam, Ayesha Sultana, Debabrata Sarkar, Dipankar Mandal
The electroactive β-phase is most desirable due to its highest piezo-, pyro- and ferro-electric properties in poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF). Induction of β-phase is successfully accomplished in titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles (NPs) doped spin coated PVDF nanocomposite (PNC) films. The optimized yields of β-phase and homogeneous ultra-smooth free standing PNC film is utilized in mechanical energy harvesting application by fabricating a nanogenerator (NG) where the typical electrical poling step is not undertaken...
June 22, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640675/health-related-quality-of-life-among-us-workers-variability-across-occupation-groups
#6
Taylor M Shockey, Matthew Zack, Aaron Sussell
OBJECTIVES: To examine the health-related quality of life among workers in 22 standard occupation groups using data from the 2013-2014 US Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. METHODS: We examined the health-related quality of life measures of self-rated health, frequent physical distress, frequent mental distress, frequent activity limitation, and frequent overall unhealthy days by occupation group for 155 839 currently employed adults among 17 states. We performed multiple logistic regression analyses that accounted for the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System's complex survey design to obtain prevalence estimates adjusted for potential confounders...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640642/epidemiological-characteristics-of-hyperhomocysteinemia-and-h-type-hypertension-in-the-elderly-in-beijing-china
#7
Lina Ma, Li Li, Zhe Tang
Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) is an important risk factor for atherosclerosis-related diseases, and H-type hypertension (HHT) is becoming a major health-care concern in China. We assessed the prevalence of HHcy and HHT in the elderly in a retrospective study based on data obtained from the Beijing Longitudinal Study of Aging. This cross-sectional study comprised 1460 people in the general population (638 males and 822 females) aged ≥60 years dwelling in an urban district, a suburb, and an outer suburb of Beijing in 2012...
June 22, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637311/whole-woman-s-health-v-hellerstedt-the-empirical-case-against-trap-laws
#8
Michele Goodwin
This commentary examines the US Supreme Court case Whole Woman's Health v Hellerstedt.1 This comment synthesizes the case, focusing primarily on its legislative and appellate history as well as the Supreme Court's analysis. The comment finds that while Whole Woman's Health represented a judicial victory for those who seek to safeguard and preserve abortion rights, it nevertheless further rooted the primacy of the Supreme Court's flawed framework in Planned Parenthood v Casey2, which rests on perpetuating the notion of abortion as a threat against women's physical and mental health...
June 13, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637266/family-caregivers-of-older-adults-1999-2015-trends-in-characteristics-circumstances-and-role-related-appraisal
#9
Jennifer L Wolff, John Mulcahy, Jin Huang, David L Roth, Kenneth Covinsky, Judith D Kasper
Purpose of Study: To assess trends in family caregiving between 1999 and 2015. Design and Methods: We construct nationally representative profiles of community-dwelling older adults receiving help with self-care or indoor mobility and their "primary" family or unpaid caregiver using the 1999 and 2004 National Long Term Care Survey, 2011 and 2015 National Health and Aging Trends Study, and linked caregiver surveys. Trends are examined. Results: Older adults receiving help were incrementally younger, more racially diverse, and better educated in 2015...
June 16, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637214/health-and-social-physical-environment-profiles-among-older-adults-living-alone-associations-with-depressive-symptoms
#10
Sojung Park, Jacqui Smith, Ruth E Dunkle, Berit Ingersoll-Dayton, Toni C Antonucci
Objectives: We examined differences in depressive symptoms among people 65 and older who live alone, exploring whether these differences are associated with both health and environmental contexts. Method: Data are from the 2006 wave of Health Retirement Study (N = 2,956, age range: 65-104). We used a two-step cluster analytical approach to identify subgroups of health-limitation profiles and environmental profiles. Logistic regression models determined associations between subgroups and depressive symptoms...
June 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637139/translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-persian-version-of-coop-wonca-charts-in-persian-speaking-iranians-with-multiple-sclerosis
#11
Morteza Taghipour, Mahyar Salavati, Seyed Massood Nabavi, Behnam Akhbari, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Hossein Negahban, Fatemeh Rajabzadeh
PURPOSE: Translation, cross-culturally adaptation and validation of a Persian version of COOP/WONCA charts in Persian-speaking Iranians with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHOD: The Persian version of COOP/WONCA charts was developed after a standard forward translation, synthesis and backward translation. A total of 197 subjects with MS participated in this study. They were asked to complete the COOP/WONCA charts and Short-Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36). The COOP/WONCA charts were re-administered to 50 patients, 4 weeks after the first session...
February 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637138/psychometric-properties-of-persian-version-of-the-caregiver-burden-scale-in-iranian-caregivers-of-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury
#12
Ata Farajzadeh, Malahat Akbarfahimi, Saman Maroufizadeh, Hamid Reza Rostami, Amir Hassan Kohan
PURPOSE: To investigate the psychometric properties of the Persian version of Caregiver Burden Scale (CBS) in caregivers of patients with spinal cord injury. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. After a forward-backward translation, the CBS was administered to 110 caregivers of patients with spinal cord injury (men = 60, women = 50). Factor structure was evaluated by confirmatory factor analysis. The Internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the CBS were examined using Cronbach's α and the intraclass correlation coefficient, respectively...
February 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637134/an-exploratory-qualitative-study-of-the-meaning-and-value-of-a-running-walking-program-for-women-after-a-diagnosis-of-breast-cancer
#13
Jennifer Brunet, Stephanie Saunders, Wendy Gifford, Roanne Thomas, Ryan Hamilton
PURPOSE: To generate insights into the personal meaning and value of a running/walking program for women after a diagnosis of breast cancer. METHODS: After completing a 12-week running/walking program with a 5-km training goal, eight women were interviewed and seven participated in a focus group. The interviews and focus group were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were thematically analyzed. RESULTS: Data portrayed the personal benefits and value of the clinic...
February 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637132/international-employee-perspectives-on-disability-management
#14
Shannon Wagner, Nicholas Buys, Ignatius Yu, Thomas Geisen, Henry Harder, Christine Randall, Alex Fraess-Phillips, Benedikt Hassler, Liz Scott, Karen Lo, Dan Tang, Caroline Howe
PURPOSE: To provide an international analysis of employees' views of the influence of disability management (DM) on the workplace. METHODOLOGY: An international research team with representation from Australia, Canada, China, and Switzerland collected survey data from employees in public and private companies in their respective regions. Due to lack of availability of current measures, a research team-created survey was used and a total of 1201 respondents were collected across the four countries...
February 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637127/clinical-utility-of-the-modified-trunk-impairment-scale-for-stroke-survivors
#15
YunBok Lee, SeungHeon An, GyuChang Lee
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to determine the discriminant power of the modified Trunk Impairment Scale (mTIS) in stroke survivors versus healthy adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation center. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-five subjects with stroke and 29 healthy adults. METHODS: Subjects were examined using the mTIS, Berg Balance Scale, and Timed Up and Go test for balance; 5-m Walk Test and Functional Ambulation Category for gait; Fugl-Meyer Assessment for motor function; Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke-Trunk Control and Trunk Control Test for trunk control; and Modified Barthel Index for activities of daily living performance...
February 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637026/clinic-characteristics-of-psoriasis-in-china-a-nationwide-survey-in-over-12000-patients
#16
Kun Chen, Gang Wang, Hongzhong Jin, Jinhua Xu, Xuejun Zhu, Min Zheng, Heng Gu
Psoriasis is a worldwide chronic inflammatory disease, involving both skin and joints. In order to characterize psoriasis in Han Chinese population, we conducted this nationwide prospective and hospital based survey, in which 56 hospitals with departments of dermatology participated, located in 33 cities across China. A total of 12,031 outpatients with psoriasis were registered during 2009 to 2010, which the data was collected by standard questionnaires. The main data acquisition included demographics, family history, disease status and other comorbidities...
June 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636651/yield-of-yearly-routine-physical-examination-in-hiv-1-infected-patients-is-limited-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-the-netherlands
#17
Marleen A van Amsterdam, Sander van Assen, Herman G Sprenger, Kasper R Wilting, Ymkje Stienstra, Wouter F W Bierman
BACKGROUND: Routine physical examinations might be of value in HIV-infected patients, but the yield is unknown. We determined the diagnoses that would have been missed without performing annual routine physical examinations in HIV-infected patients with stable disease. METHODS: Data were collected from the medical records of 299 HIV-1-infected patients with CD4 count >350 cells/mm3 if not using combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), or CD4 count >100 cells/mm3 and undetectable viral load if using cART...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636644/longitudinal-changes-in-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-body-mass-index-in-adolescence-migrations-towards-different-weight-cluster
#18
José Devís-Devís, Jorge Lizandra, Alexandra Valencia-Peris, Esther Pérez-Gimeno, Xavier García-Massò, Carmen Peiró-Velert
This study examined longitudinal changes in physical activity, sedentary behavior and body mass index in adolescents, specifically their migrations towards a different weight cluster. A cohort of 755 adolescents participated in a three-year study. A clustering Self-Organized Maps Analysis was performed to visualize changes in subjects' characteristics between the first and second assessment, and how adolescents were grouped. Also a classification tree was used to identify the behavioral characteristics of the groups that changed their weight cluster...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636490/creating-inclusive-physical-activity-spaces-the-case-of-body-positive-yoga
#19
Andrew C Pickett, George B Cunningham
PURPOSE: Within the modern cultural climate, those in larger bodies face high levels of weight stigma, particularly in sport and physical activity spaces, which serves as a strong barrier to their participation. However, given the strong link between physical activity and general health and well-being for participants, it is important to explore strategies that encourage participation of these individuals. Thus, the current research examined strategies that physical activity instructors use to develop inclusive exercise spaces for all body sizes...
June 21, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636204/aerobic-exercise-training-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia
#20
REVIEW
Julia Bidonde, Angela J Busch, Candice L Schachter, Tom J Overend, Soo Y Kim, Suelen M Góes, Catherine Boden, Heather Ja Foulds
BACKGROUND: Exercise training is commonly recommended for individuals with fibromyalgia. This review is one of a series of reviews about exercise training for people with fibromyalgia that will replace the "Exercise for treating fibromyalgia syndrome" review first published in 2002. OBJECTIVES: • To evaluate the benefits and harms of aerobic exercise training for adults with fibromyalgia• To assess the following specific comparisons ० Aerobic versus control conditions (eg, treatment as usual, wait list control, physical activity as usual) ० Aerobic versus aerobic interventions (eg, running vs brisk walking) ० Aerobic versus non-exercise interventions (eg, medications, education) We did not assess specific comparisons involving aerobic exercise versus other exercise interventions (eg, resistance exercise, aquatic exercise, flexibility exercise, mixed exercise)...
June 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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