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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215023/hpa-axis-activation-as-a-key-moderator-of-childhood-trauma-exposure-and-adolescent-mental-health
#1
Kate R Kuhlman, Elisa G Geiss, Ivan Vargas, Nestor Lopez-Duran
Individual differences in a child's sensitivity to stress may influence whether youth exposed to trauma develop symptoms of psychopathology. We examined the interaction between HPA-axis reactivity to an acute stressor and exposure to different types of childhood trauma as predictors of mental health symptoms in a sample of youth. Youth (n = 121, ages 9-16; 47% female) completed a standardized stress task, including 5 post-stress salivary cortisol samples. Parents also completed the Child Behavior Checklist as a measure of child internalizing and externalizing symptoms in the past month, and completed the Early Trauma Inventory (ETI) as a measure of their child's trauma exposure...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215021/sluggish-cognitive-tempo-processing-speed-and-internalizing-symptoms-the-moderating-effect-of-age
#2
Lisa A Jacobson, Megan Geist, E Mark Mahone
Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) has been defined by a constellation of caregiver-reported symptoms that includes daydreaming, difficulty initiating and sustaining effort, lethargy, and physical underactivity. These symptoms have been observed in both typically developing children and in some children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)-especially those with the predominantly inattentive presentation. Symptoms of SCT (typically identified via rating scales) appear separable from DSM inattentive ADHD symptoms, but have also been associated with internalizing symptoms...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214975/surveillance-scans-in-lymphoma-friend-or-foe
#3
REVIEW
Tycel Phillips, Jessica Mercer
Advancements in the treatment of lymphoma over the last few decades have allowed more patients to achieve a remission after the completion of therapy. Due to the improvement in response rates, methods to detect recurrence early and accurately during follow-up, especially in patients with potential curable aggressive lymphomas, are a key. Observation has always involved close clinical follow-up with the use of physical exams and routine labs, but rapid changes in technology have allowed CT scans, PET scans, and MRIs to become an integral part of managing patients with lymphoma...
February 2017: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214726/job-satisfaction-developmental-trajectories-and-health-a-life-course-perspective
#4
Jonathan Dirlam, Hui Zheng
Understanding the health consequence of job dissatisfaction becomes increasingly important because job insecurity, stress and dissatisfaction have significantly increased in the United States in the last decade. Despite the extensive work in this area, prior studies nonetheless may underestimate the harmful effect of job dissatisfaction due to the cross-sectional nature of their data and sample selection bias. This study applies a life-course approach to more comprehensively examine the relationship between job satisfaction and health...
January 24, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214617/demonstrating-construct-validity-of-the-american-board-of-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-part-i-examination-an-analysis-of-dimensionality
#5
Mikaela Raddatz, Lawrence R Robinson
BACKGROUND: Ideally, high stakes examinations assess one dimension of medical knowledge to produce precise estimates of a candidate's performance. It has not been reported whether the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Part 1 Certification Examination (ABPMR-CE-1) is unidimensional or not. OBJECTIVE: To examine the ABPMR-CE-1 to measure how many dimensions it assesses. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: We assessed examination results from the 2015 ABPMR-CE-1...
February 15, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214544/can-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-studies-help-with-the-optimization-of-health-messaging-for-lifestyle-behavior-change-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Maxine E Whelan, Paul S Morgan, Lauren B Sherar, Mark W Orme, Dale W Esliger
Unhealthy behaviors, including smoking, poor nutrition, excessive alcohol consumption, physical inactivity and sedentary lifestyles, are global risk factors for non-communicable diseases and premature death. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) offers a unique approach to optimize health messages by examining how the brain responds to information relating to health. Our aim was to systematically review fMRI studies that have investigated variations in brain activation in response to health messages relating to (i) smoking; (ii) alcohol consumption; (iii) physical activity; (iv) diet; and (v) sedentary behavior...
February 15, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214465/acute-and-chronic-lateral-ankle-instability-diagnosis-management-and-new-concepts
#7
Rachel Shakked, Steven Sheskier
Lateral ankle instability is a common entity that can result in degenerative arthritis if left untreated. Acute ligament injuries should primarily be treated nonoperatively with a course of physical therapy and functional bracing. Chronic ankle instability is defined as mechanical or functional and can be diagnosed using a combination of history, physical examination, stress radiographs, and magnetic resonance imaging. After failure of nonoperative treatment, surgical treatment with anatomic ligament repair and inferior extensor retinaculum augmentation has the best clinical outcomes...
January 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214458/cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-a-review-of-clinical-diagnosis-and-treatment
#8
Jason Cuellar, Peter Passias
Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is a functional disturbance in the spinal cord as a result of degenerative changes within the cervical spinal column. This review discusses the history of CSM and its diagnosis, including clinical presentation, physical exam, and imaging studies. The pathophysiology, natural history, and treatment options are also discussed with support of the recent literature.
January 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214369/diagnostic-accuracy-of-history-physical-exam-laboratory-tests-and-point-of-care-ultrasound-for-pediatric-acute-appendicitis-in-the-emergency-department-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Roshanak Benabbas, Mark Hanna, Jay Shah, Richard Sinert
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis (AA) is the most common surgical emergency in children. Accurate and timely diagnosis is crucial but challenging due to atypical presentations and the inherent difficulty of obtaining a reliable history and physical examination in younger children. OBJECTIVES: To determine the utility of history, physical exam, laboratory tests, Pediatric Appendicitis Score (PAS) and Emergency Department-Point-of-Care Ultrasound (ED-POCUS) in the diagnosis of AA in ED pediatric patients...
February 18, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214195/first-clinical-case-of-canine-granulocytic-anaplasmosis-in-korea-and-genotypic-analyses-of-anaplasma-phagocytophilum
#10
Seung-Hun Lee, Nara Kim, Dongmi Kwak
A 2-year-old male Jindo dog was presented to a local veterinary clinic for anorexia, lethargy, edema around neck, and vomiting. Based on the clinical history, physical examination, hematology, blood chemistry, serology, and PCR, the dog was diagnosed with canine granulocytic anaplasmosis (CGA). PCR and phylogenetic analyses targeting the 16S rRNA, groEL, and msp2 genes of Anaplasma phagocytophilum revealed that the A. phagocytophilum identified in this study subgrouped into alanine and USA groups according to the groEL and msp2 gene sequences, respectively...
February 3, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214186/characteristics-and-prognosis-of-japanese-colorectal-cancer-patients-the-biobank-japan-project
#11
Akiko Tamakoshi, Koshi Nakamura, Shigekazu Ukawa, Emiko Okada, Makoto Hirata, Akiko Nagai, Koichi Matsuda, Yoichiro Kamatani, Kaori Muto, Yutaka Kiyohara, Zentaro Yamagata, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Michiaki Kubo, Yusuke Nakamura
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide, and in Japan, it is estimated that about 10% of men and 8% of women will be diagnosed with colorectal cancer during their lifetime. METHODS: We focused on 5864 participants (3699 men and 2165 women) who had colorectal cancer and were registered with BioBank Japan (BBJ) between April 2003 and March 2008. Characteristics of colon and rectal cancer patients were calculated separately. Among the enrolled patients registered in BBJ within 90 days after diagnosis, we also calculated the 5-year cumulative and relative survival rates, and estimated the effect of lifestyle factors on all-cause mortality...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213925/rotator-cuff-disease-opinion-regarding-surgical-criteria-and-likely-outcome
#12
Alison Thorpe, Mark Hurworth, Peter O'Sullivan, Tim Mitchell, Anne Smith
BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines for the management of rotator cuff disease are not clear. Surgeon surveys in the USA and UK lack agreement regarding surgical indications. Physical examination tests aid surgical decision-making but also lack robust evidence. Study aims were to evaluate: Western Australian orthopaedic surgeons' perceptions about surgical indications; utility of physical examination tests; findings at surgery predictive of outcome and surgeon opinion of a successful surgical outcome...
February 17, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213787/the-influence-of-femoral-tunnel-length-on-graft-rupture-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#13
Luiz Gabriel Betoni Guglielmetti, Leandro Girardi Shimba, Leonardo Cantarelli do Santos, Fabrício Roberto Severino, Nilson Roberto Severino, Patrícia Maria de Moraes Barros Fucs, Ricardo de Paula Leite Cury
BACKGROUND: For ACL reconstruction, the minimum length of the femoral tunnel and the flexor tendon graft length needed within the tunnel for proper integration have not been defined. The aim of this study was to assess whether a short tunnel is a risk factor for poor prognosis and re-rupture by comparing the outcomes of patients with short femoral tunnels to those of patients with longer tunnels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective observational study of 80 patients who underwent ACL reconstruction using flexor tendons via the medial transportal or transtibial technique was performed...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213755/pedagogical-approaches-to-and-effects-of-fundamental-movement-skill-interventions-on-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Claire Tompsett, Ross Sanders, Caitlin Taylor, Stephen Cobley
BACKGROUND: Fundamental movement skills (FMS) are assumed to be the basic prerequisite motor movements underpinning coordination of more integrated and advanced movement capabilities. FMS development and interventions have been associated with several beneficial health outcomes in individual studies. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this review was to identify FMS intervention characteristics that could be optimised to attain beneficial outcomes in children and adolescents, while the secondary aim was to update the evidence as to the efficacy of FMS interventions on physiological, psychological and behavioural health outcomes...
February 18, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213750/effect-of-an-acute-dose-of-omega-3-fish-oil-following-exercise-induced-muscle-damage
#15
J R Jakeman, D M Lambrick, B Wooley, J A Babraj, J A Faulkner
PURPOSE: The purpose of this double-blind, placebo-controlled study was to examine the effect of two fish oil supplements, one high in EPA (750 mg EPA, 50 mg DHA) and one low in EPA (150 mg EPA, 100 mg DHA), taken acutely as a recovery strategy following EIMD. METHODS: Twenty-seven physically active males (26 ± 4 year, 1.77 ± 0.07 m, 80 ± 10 kg) completed 100 plyometric drop jumps to induce muscle damage. Perceptual (perceived soreness) and functional (isokinetic muscle strength at 60° and 180° s(-1), squat jump performance and countermovement jump performance) indices of EIMD were recorded before, and 1, 24, 48, 72, and 96h after the damaging protocol...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213740/predictors-of-institutionalization-among-home-dwelling-older-finnish-people-a-22-year-follow-up-study
#16
Marika Salminen, Jenni Vire, Laura Viikari, Tero Vahlberg, Hannu Isoaho, Aapo Lehtonen, Matti Viitanen, Seija Arve, Sini Eloranta
BACKGROUND: Identification of predictive factors on institutionalization provides the basis for the development and application of preadmission assessment. There is a lack of evidence for predictors of institutionalization for older people. AIMS: To examine the effect of predictive factors on institutionalization in home-dwelling 70-year-old people. METHODS: The data were collected in 1991 by the clinical examinations, a postal questionnaire, and an interview from the residents of Turku, Finland, born in 1920 (n = 1032)...
February 17, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213626/effectiveness-of-screening-for-craniosynostosis-with-ultrasound-a-retrospective-review
#17
Kent M Hall, David A Besachio, Matthew D Moore, Adrian J Mora, William R Carter
BACKGROUND: Minimizing the ionizing radiation dose to children is fundamental to pediatric radiology. The most widely accepted imaging examination for evaluating craniosynostosis is computed tomography (CT) of the head, an examination that involves ionizing radiation. OBJECTIVE: To determine if sonography of the cranial sutures is an adequate screening examination for the diagnosis of craniosynostosis in patients with abnormal skull shape. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of all cranial suture ultrasound (US) examinations performed during the course of a 3-year period (July 2012 - September 2015) was undertaken...
February 17, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213312/multiple-myocardial-abscesses-secondary-to-late-stent-infection
#18
Ayman Elbadawi, Marwan Saad, Islam Y Elgendy, Aniqa Zafar, Ming-Yan Chow
A 53-year-old woman presented to our hospital with dizziness and low-grade fever. She underwent percutaneous coronary intervention to the obtuse marginal artery with a drug-eluting stent 20 months prior to this presentation. Physical examination was remarkable for bradycardia. Electrocardiogram showed a junctional rhythm with heart rate of 35 bpm. Blood and urine cultures were negative. Despite successful urgent pacemaker placement, she had cardiac arrest the following day with unsuccessful cardiopulmonary resuscitation attempt...
February 2, 2017: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213163/active-compound-diffusivity-of-particle-size-reduced-s-aromaticum-and-c-cassia-fused-starch-edible-films-and-the-shelf-life-of-mutton-capra-aegagrus-hircus-meat
#19
C Chandra Mohan, K Radha Krishnan, S Babuskin, K Sudharsan, Vajiha Aafrin, U Lalitha Priya, P Mariyajenita, K Harini, D Madhushalini, M Sukumar
In the present study, mathematical models were used to examine the effect of active compound diffusion from edible film (supplemented with S. aromaticum and C. cassia) on the microbial, physical and chemical quality of mutton stored at 4 and 10°C. Cinnamaldehyde and eugenol release from edible film into liquid was found to be 80% and 75% of the equilibrium concentration. Active compound release into meat was 42-51% for cinnamaldehyde and 38-48% for eugenol, in storage temperatures of 4-15°C. Developed mathematical models showed the diffusivity of cinnamaldehyde (0...
February 5, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213149/high-electrocapacitive-performance-of-bowl-like-monodispersed-porous-carbon-nanoparticles-prepared-with-an-interfacial-self-assembly-process
#20
Shuxia Zhang, Qiang Weng, Fengqi Zhao, Hongxu Gao, Pei Chen, Xinbing Chen, Zhongwei An
Bowl-like monodispersed porous carbon nanoparticles (BMPCNs) have been successfully prepared with a facile and scalable approach, and the as-prepared BMPCNs are examined thoroughly by various physical characterizations. Physical measurements display that BMPCNs have the high surface area (1255m(2)g(-1)), hierarchical porosity, a certain amount of oxygen-containing groups and high graphitization degree. These unique structure features endow BMPCNs with a high capacitance (281Fg(-1) at 0.5Ag(-1)), excellent rate capability (209Fg(-1) at 50Ag(-1)), and outstanding cycling stability (94...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
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