Read by QxMD icon Read

candidiasis gastric

F A Andoulo, M Kowo, G Ngatcha, A N Ndam, B Awouoyiegnigni, M B Sida, C Tzeuton, E C Ndjitoyap Ndam
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and of various upper gastrointestinal (GI) lesions in HIV(+) patients with GI symptoms and the relation of H. pylori infection to CD4 cell counts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In all, 56 HIV(+) patients and 56 age- and sex-matched HIV(-) controls, all with upper GI symptoms, were evaluated by an upper endoscopy examination and gastric biopsy. H. pylori status was assessed with a urease test and histology...
August 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
E Bukhari, F Alaklobi, H Bakheet, A Alrabiaah, F Alotibi, F Aljobair, M Alshamrani, E Alaki, F Alnahdi, A Alodyani, F Alzamil
OBJECTIVE: The bacille Calmette Guérin (BCG) vaccine is administered worldwide to prevent tuberculosis. Although, Post BCG vaccination complications like disseminated BCG infections are rare and immunocompromised children are at high risk of developing BCG-related complications including BCG-lymphadenitis and other disseminated diseases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study of children who developed disseminated BCG after vaccination who were admitted in three tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, in the year 2015...
September 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Manolya Acar, Murat Sütçü, Hacer Aktürk, Selda Hançerli Törün, Nurinisa Karagöz, Hayati Beka, Ensar Yekeler, Ali Ağaçfidan, Nuran Salman, Ayper Somer
Cryptococcus neoformans is an important opportunistic pathogen that causes serious mortality and morbidity in AIDS patients. Although its incidence has decreased with proper antiretroviral treatment (ART), it is still a major concern in areas with low socioeconomic HIV endemic countries with poor sources of therapy. In our country, pediatric HIV infection and so, HIV-related opportunistic infections are very rare. In order to pay attention to this unusual collaboration; herein, we presented a pediatric case who was diagnosed with HIV and disseminated cryptococcus infection concomitantly...
July 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
Kuo-Hsin Chen, Meng-Tzu Weng, Yueh-Hung Chou, Yueh-Feng Lu, Chen-Hsi Hsieh
Sorafenib followed by fractionated radiotherapy (RT) has been shown to decrease the phagocytic and candidacidal activities of antifungal agents due to radiosensitization. Moreover, sorafenib has been shown to suppress the immune system, thereby increasing the risk for candida colonization and infection. In this study, we present the 2 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients suffered from epigastric distress caused by esophageal candidiasis who received sorafenib plus RT. Two patients who had received sorafenib and RT for HCC with bone metastasis presented with hiccups, gastric ulcer, epigastric distress, anorexia, heart burn, and fatigue...
March 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Pierre Le Bars, Alain Ayepa Kouadio, Justin Koffi N'goran, Zahi Badran, Assem Soueidan
This article reviews the dental literature concerning the potential impact of the removable prosthesis (RP) on the health status of patients with certain systemic diseases. Literature was surveyed using Medline/PubMed database resources, as well as a manual search, up to 2015 to identify appropriate articles that addressed the aim of this review. The research used keywords about associations between RP and six pathologies: Human immunodeficiency virus infection, diabetes mellitus, pulmonary diseases, gastric-Helicobacter pylori, cancer, and cardiovascular diseases...
October 2015: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Anne-Claire Duchaussoy, Annie Rose, Jessica J Talbot, Vanessa R Barrs
A 3.5 year-old cat was admitted to the University of Melbourne Veterinary Teaching Hospital for chronic vomiting. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed a focal, circumferential thickening of the wall of the duodenum extending from the pylorus aborally for 3 cm, and an enlarged gastric lymph node. Cytology of fine-needle aspirates of the intestinal mass and lymph node revealed an eosinophilic inflammatory infiltrate and numerous extracellular septate acute angle branching fungal-type hyphae. Occasional hyphae had globose terminal ends, as well as round to oval blastospores and germ tubes...
December 2015: Medical Mycology Case Reports
Ingrid P Vogelaar, Marjolijn J L Ligtenberg, Rachel S van der Post, Richarda M de Voer, C Marleen Kets, Trees J G Jansen, Liesbeth Jacobs, Gerty Schreibelt, I Jolanda M de Vries, Mihai G Netea, Nicoline Hoogerbrugge
Gastric cancer is caused by both genetic and environmental factors. A woman who suffered from recurrent candidiasis throughout her life developed diffuse-type gastric cancer at the age of 23 years. Using whole-exome sequencing we identified a germline homozygous missense variant in MYD88. Immunological assays on peripheral blood mononuclear cells revealed an impaired immune response upon stimulation with Candida albicans, characterized by a defective production of the cytokine interleukin-17. Our data suggest that a genetic defect in MYD88 results in an impaired immune response and may increase gastric cancer risk...
April 2016: Familial Cancer
M L Bassène, D Sy, D Dia, S Diallo, M N Gueye, M A Thioubou, A Halim, M L Diouf
INTRODUCTION: Stomach cancer is a real public health problem in Black Africa. We report its epidemiological, endoscopic, and histological aspects, as observed in our gastrointestinal endoscopy center at Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital in Dakar (Senegal). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study covered the 5-year period from January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2010 and included all patients with stomach cancer confirmed by anatomo-pathological examination...
October 2015: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
Seiichi Hayakawa, Satoshi Okada, Miyuki Tsumura, Sonoko Sakata, Yoshitaka Ueno, Kohsuke Imai, Tomohiro Morio, Osamu Ohara, Kazuaki Chayama, Masao Kobayashi
Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-antigen 4 (CTLA-4) is an essential negative regulator expressed on regulatory T cells (Tregs) and activated T cells. Germline heterozygous mutations in CTLA4 lead to haploinsufficiency of CTLA-4, resulting in the development of an autosomal dominant immune dysregulation syndrome with incomplete penetrance. We report here a Japanese patient with this disorder who has a novel heterozygous single nucleotide insertion, 76_77insT (p. L28SfsX40), in the CTLA4 gene. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from the patient showed decreased frequency of CTLA-4(high) cells in CD4(+)FOXP3(+) cells following CD3/CD28 stimulation...
January 2016: Journal of Clinical Immunology
Rasoul Mohammadi, Saeed Abdi
AIM: The aim of this investigation is identification of Candida strains isolated from patients with gastro-oesophageal candidiasis in Tehran, Iran. BACKGROUND: Gastro-oesophageal candidiasis is a rare infection and appears mainly in debilitated or immunocompromised patients. Colonization by Candida spp. may occur in this region and the organism can remain for several months or years in the absence of inflammation. The main infection symptom is the presence of white plaques in gastro-oesophageal surface...
2015: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
Violet Kayamba, Edford Sinkala, Stayner Mwanamakondo, Rose Soko, Boniface Kawimbe, Beatrice Amadi, Isaac Zulu, Jean-Baptiste Nzaisenga, Themba Banda, Chipasha Mumbwe, Evans Phiri, Philip Munkonge, Paul Kelly
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There a shortage of robust information about profiles of gastrointestinal disease in sub-Saharan Africa. The endoscopy unit of the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka has been running without interruption since 1977 and this 38-year record is largely intact. We report an analysis of endoscopic findings over this period. METHODS: Written endoscopy records from 29th September 1977 to 16th December 2014 were recovered, computerised, coded by two experienced endoscopists and analysed...
2015: BMC Gastroenterology
F I Ukekwe, C Nwajiobi, M O Agbo, S O Ebede, A O Eni
Fungi are unusually rare causes of gastric perforation, with most cases of gastric perforation occurring as complications of peptic ulcer disease (PUD), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and gastric neoplasms. Here, we report the case of a 70-year-old Nigerian male who presented with severe epigastric pain, with no associated history of PUD, NSAIDs use or gastric neoplasm. An emergency exploratory laparotomy was performed and a gastric perforation was discovered and repaired. Histopathological examination of the gastric perforation edge biopsy revealed an intense Candida growth consisting of numerous fungal spores and hyphae invading and destroying the gastric wall...
July 2015: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
Takeshi Ichikawa, Kyoichi Kaira, Shinsuke Oh-I, Hitoshi Takagi, Masatomo Mori
Proximal gastrectomy with jejunal interposition is a common surgical method in Japan, because the procedure has been shown to give a better post-operative quality of life. Some complications are associated with it. However, esophageal candidiasis and linear marginal ulcer along the gastrojejunal anastomosis after the surgical method has never previously been reported. We herein report a case of a patient who developed serious complications after proximal gastrectomy with jejunal interposition. A 68-year-old man underwent proximal gastrectomy with a jejunal pouch interposition for reconstruction for type 1 gastric cancer...
June 2009: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
L Vakrilova, Tz Georgiev, St Hitrova, B Slancheva
UNLABELLED: Abstract: Appendicitis is common in paediatric surgical praxis, but extremely rare in newborn infants. CASE REPORT: We report a premature male newborn from a twin pregnancy with gestational age of 31(+4) weeks, birth-weight 1580g, who underwent a laparotomy because of perforation. The baby was admitted to NICU after birth with transitory respiratory failure and early onset neonatal sepsis. MS-Staphylococcus epidermidis was isolated from blood culture, gastric contents and all peripheral specimens, C-reactive protein values were elevated after birth and significantly increased before surgery; thrombocytopenia and mild anemia were found...
2014: Akusherstvo i Ginekologii︠a︡
Seungtaek Lim, Tae-Jun Kil, Hye Ryun Kim, Seonhui Han, Sun Young Rha
We herein report a case of gingival candidiasis in an advanced gastric cancer patient while receiving palliative cytotoxic chemotherapy. A 46-year-old male patient admitted to our hospital for known advanced gastric cancer with newly developed multiple liver metastases. While receiving 2nd line cytotoxic chemotherapy with 5FU, leucovorin, and paclitxel, he complained of gingival swelling accompanied by pain and whitish plaque. Due to lack of response to the conservative oral care, incisional biopsy of gingiva was done and the pathology confirmed gingival candidiasis...
2014: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Dolores R Serrano, Aikaterini Lalatsa, M Auxiliadora Dea-Ayuela, Pablo E Bilbao-Ramos, Natalie L Garrett, Julian Moger, Josep Guarro, Javier Capilla, M Paloma Ballesteros, Andreas G Schätzlein, Francisco Bolás, Juan J Torrado, Ijeoma F Uchegbu
There are very few drug delivery systems that target key organs via the oral route, as oral delivery advances normally address gastrointestinal drug dissolution, permeation, and stability. Here we introduce a nanomedicine in which nanoparticles, while also protecting the drug from gastric degradation, are taken up by the gastrointestinal epithelia and transported to the lung, liver, and spleen, thus selectively enhancing drug bioavailability in these target organs and diminishing kidney exposure (relevant to nephrotoxic drugs)...
February 2, 2015: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Kazumi Hayama, Sanae Ishijima, Yoshiko Ono, Takayuki Izumo, Masayuki Ida, Hiroshi Shibata, Shigeru Abe
The effect of S-PT84, a heat-killed preparation of Lactobacillus pentosus on growth of Candida albicans was examined in vitro and in vivo. The mycelial growth was effectively inhibited by S-PT84 and seemed to bind to the hyphae. We assessed the potential of S-PT84 for treatment of oral and gastric candidiasis using a murine model. When 2 mg of S-PT84 was administered three times into the oral cavity of orally Candida infected mice, the score of lesions on the tongue was improved on day 2. When 50 μl and 200 μl of S-PT84 (10 mg/ml) were administered three times into the oral cavity (0...
2014: Medical Mycology Journal
Daniel Yusef, Ariane Waran, Ekaterini Vamvakiti
Emphysematous gastritis is a rare and frequently fatal condition caused by invasion of gas-forming bacteria into the gastric wall. There have only been a handful of reported cases in the paediatric population, and none of these have evidence of candidal infection or mucormycosis. Patients typically present with abdominal pain, vomiting, malaena and haematemesis. Risk factors for emphysematous gastritis are those that interfere with the natural barriers to infection in the stomach. Diagnosis is made on the basis of typical appearances on abdominal CT...
2014: BMJ Case Reports
Sota Iwatani, Yuko Murakami, Masami Mizobuchi, Kazumichi Fujioka, Keiko Wada, Hitomi Sakai, Seiji Yoshimoto, Hideto Nakao
Congenital candidiasis, which presents with a variety of clinical symptoms, is very rare in both term and preterm infants, and less than 100 neonatal cases have been reported in the medical literature. We describe the case of an extremely premature infant with congenital candidiasis, who was successfully treated and survived without major sequelae. A male infant was born at 25 weeks' gestation (weight, 834 g). He exhibited diffuse erythematous papules. Samples of his skin, pharyngeal mucus, gastric fluid, and tracheal aspirate were found to be Candida albicans-positive while blood cultures were negative...
May 2014: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
M Razzaghi-Abyaneh, G Sadeghi, E Zeinali, M Alirezaee, M Shams-Ghahfarokhi, A Amani, R Mirahmadi, R Tolouei
OBJECTIVE: Candidiasis is the most prevalent fungal infection affecting human and animals all over the world. This study represents the epidemiological aspects of superficial candidiasis in outpatients and in vitro antifungal susceptibility of etiologic Candida species. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical samples were taken from 173 patients including skin and nail scrapings (107; 61.8%), vaginal discharge (28; 16.2%), sputum (20; 11.6%), oral swabs (7; 4.0%), bronchoalveolar lavage (6; 3...
June 2014: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"