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dentistry anomalies

Thaisa Cezária Triches, Marcos Ximenes, João Gustavo Oliveira de Souza, Armando Rodrigues Lopes Pereira Neto, Antônio Carlos Cardoso, Michele Bolan
Ectodermal dysplasia (ED) is an anomaly determined by genetic factors that alter ectodermal structures such as skin, hair, nails, glands, and teeth. Children affected by this condition require extensive, comprehensive, and multidisciplinary treatment. An 8-year-old female patient visited the Dentistry Clinic of the Federal University of Santa Catarina with the chief complaint of multiple missing teeth. The mother reported that the patient had ED. Clinical and radiographic examination revealed the congenital absence of several primary and permanent teeth and tooth germs...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
Jae-Hwan Kim, Nam-Ki Choi, Seon-Mi Kim
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of peg-shaped maxillary lateral incisors and the incidence of associated dental anomalies in children. STUDY DESIGN: We investigated the prevalence of peg-laterals and incidence of associated dental anomalies in 3,834 children aged 7-15 who visited the Department of Pediatric Dentistry from January 2010 to December 2015 and underwent panoramic radiographs. RESULTS: The prevalence of peg-laterals was 1...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Y Zhan, H Liu
Tooth eruption is defined as the movement of a tooth from its site of development within the alveolar process to its functional position in the oral cavity. The process of tooth eruption can be divided into different phases: pre-eruptive bone stage, alveolar bone stage, mucosal stage, preocclusal stage, occlusal stage and maturation stage. Any disturbance in these phases can lead to eruptive anomalies. The incidence of unerupted teeth is usually higher among permanent teeth than among deciduous ones. Of the primary teeth reported as unerupted, second deciduous molars are the teeth most frequently involved, followed by primary central incisors...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Syed M Yassin
BACKGROUND: Dental anomalies are not an unusual finding in routine dental examination. The effect of dental anomalies can lead to functional, esthetic and occlusal problems. The Purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence and distribution of selected developmental dental anomalies in Saudi children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was based on clinical examination and Panoramic radiographs of children who visited the Pediatric dentistry clinics at King Khalid University College of Dentistry, Saudi Arabia...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Sandhya Jain
INTRODUCTION: Human teeth has always been known for morphological variations in both the crown and root structures. The corono-morphological variations can be in the form of extra cusp or missing cusp. Permanent maxillary first molars are the biggest teeth in maxillary arch and have a high anchorage value and are known for their four cusp and five cusp patterns, if present with cusp of Carebelli. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of cuspal variations and quantification of cusps of permanent maxillary first molar in Malwa population...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Wilson E Sadoh, Paul Ikhurionan, Charles Imarengiaye
BACKGROUND: A pre-anaesthestic echocardiogram (echo) is requested for most non-cardiac surgeries to identify possible cardiac structural anomalies. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence and spectrum of structural cardiac abnormalities seen in various non-cardiac conditions. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of pre-anaesthetic echos performed over five years on children scheduled for non-cardiac surgery. The requests were categorised according to referring specialities, and the biodata and echo findings were noted...
September 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
M Ghanashyam Prasad, A Naga Radhakrishna, Halaswamy V Kambalimath, Shalini Chandrasekhar, B Deepthi, J Ramakrishna
OBJECTIVES: Oral diseases are affecting a large percentage of children worldwide. This study with Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry collaboration was taken up with the aim to evaluate the oral health status and treatment needs in school-going children of the West Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 10126 school children who were randomly selected from 32 schools in West Godavari district...
May 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Ahmet Selim Özkan, Mehmet Ali Erdoğan, Mukadder Şanlı, Osman Kaçmaz, Mahmut Durmuş, Cemil Çolak
OBJECTIVE: Most dental procedures can be performed with local anaesthesia, however noncompliant paediatric patients, patients with mental retardation or psychiatric disorders, severe anxiety, severe craniofacial anomalies and orofacial trauma may need general anaesthesia. In these patients accompanying central nervous system diseases and airway problems increase the risk of complications. Anaesthesia records of 467 cases of dental surgery performed under general anaesthesia between 2011-2014 is reported with information from the recent literature...
October 2015: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
Violaine Smail-Faugeron, Jeanne Terradot, Michèle Muller Bolla, Frederic Courson
To assess management of non-syndromic double tooth affecting permanent maxillary central incisors, we performed a systematic review and also present 2 case reports. We searched MEDLINE via PubMed and the reference lists of included reports. Eligible studies were any type of clinical studies describing the management of non-syndromic double tooth affecting the crown of a permanent maxillary central incisor. We included 68 studies corresponding to 72 relevant case reports. Therapeutic options in descending order of priority were restorative dentistry (35%), hemisection (33%), abstention (17%) or extraction (15%)...
June 15, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Ulrich Klein, Jacqueline A Alford, Amanda A Allshouse, Joel Sain
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine, from a large number of panoramic images taken in the clinic of a pediatric dentistry residency program, the prevalence of maxillary nine-year molars (9YM), associated medical conditions (MCs), and the presence of coexisting tooth anomalies (TAs). METHODS: Pantomograms from 13,140 patients were searched for 9YM. Radiographs from identified subjects were examined for coexisting TAs, and charted MCs were noted. For identified 9YM, Nolla's stage of tooth formation was determined and the subjects' dental ages were calculated...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Yeliz Guven, Yelda Kasimoglu, Elif Bahar Tuna, Koray Gencay, Oya Aktoren
BACKGROUND: Talon cusp is a rare dental anomaly characterized by a cusp-like projection, often including the palatal surface of the affected tooth. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of talon cusps in a group of Turkish children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 14,400 subjects who attended the clinics of the Department of Pediatric Dentistry at the Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey. Subjects ranged in age from 1 to 14 years with a mean age of 10...
March 2016: Dental Research Journal
Serhan Didinen, Didem Atabek, Gülay Kip, Aslı Patır Münevveroğlu, Özlem Tulunoğlu
The Pallister-Killian syndrome (PKS) is an extremely rare genetic disorder with an incidence estimated around 1/25000. PKS is a multiple congenital anomaly deficit syndrome caused by mosaic tissue limited tetrasomy for chromosome 12p. The presented report is the first confirmed case with PKS in Turkey. This report focuses on the orofacial clinical manifestations of an 6-year-old boy with PKS who was referred to the Department of Paediatric Dentistry clinic, Gazi University. It has been learned that the PKS was diagnosed 1 year after birth...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
Hasan Kamak, Eren Yildırım
AIMS: The aims of our study were to investigate the distribution of cervical vertebrae anomalies (CVAs) among dental Angle Class I, II, and III malocclusions in Turkish population and whether a correlation between CVA and dental malocclusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed on lateral cephalometric radiographs which were taken at the Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Kirikkale University. The final sample of 318 orthodontic patients was included in the study...
October 2015: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
A Craig Dunbar, Grant T McIntyre, Sean Laverick, Brian Stevenson
Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome (ARS) is a rare autosomal dominant condition manifesting as a heterogeneous group of features. Of particular note are the ocular and craniofacial anomalies and dental features such as hypodontia, microdontia, taurodontism, enamel hypoplasia, conical-shaped teeth, shortened roots and delayed eruption. To treat cases with ARS effectively, a multidisciplinary approach is required, and this report describes the complex and long-term management of a case with input from Paediatric Dentistry, Orthodontics, Restorative Dentistry, Speech and Language Therapy, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Radiology...
2015: Journal of Orthodontics
V A Chesnokov, M G Chesnokova, V K Leontiev, A Yu Mironov, L M Lomiashvili, A S Kriga
The issues of pre-nosologic diagnostic and effectiveness of treatment of diseases of oral cavity is an actual issue in dentistry. The long- duration orthodontic treatment of patients with dentoalveolar anomalies using non-removable devices is followed by such negative consequences as development demineralization of enamel and caries registered during treatment and after remove ofdevices. The level of quantitative content of oral streptococci was analyzed and dental status in children with dentoalveolar anomalies was evaluated during treatment with non-removable devices was evaluated...
March 2015: Klinicheskaia Laboratornaia Diagnostika
Shravani Govind Deolia, Chaya Chhabra, Kumar Gaurav Chhabra, Shrivardhan Kalghatgi, Naresh Khandelwal
BACKGROUND: Anomalies and enamel hypoplasia of deciduous dentition are routinely encountered by dental professionals and early detection and careful management of such conditions facilitates may help in customary occlusal development. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypodontia, microdontia, double teeth, and hyperdontia of deciduous teeth among Indian children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group comprised 1,398 children (735 boys, 633 girls)...
April 2015: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Vahid Rakhshan
Congenitally missing teeth (CMT), or as usually called hypodontia, is a highly prevalent and costly dental anomaly. Besides an unfavorable appearance, patients with missing teeth may suffer from malocclusion, periodontal damage, insufficient alveolar bone growth, reduced chewing ability, inarticulate pronunciation and other problems. Treatment might be usually expensive and multidisciplinary. This highly frequent and yet expensive anomaly is of interest to numerous clinical, basic science and public health fields such as orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, prosthodontics, periodontics, maxillofacial surgery, anatomy, anthropology and even the insurance industry...
January 2015: Dental Research Journal
Mehmet-Sinan Doğan, Michele Callea, Ìzzet Yavuz, Orhan Aksoy, Gabriella Clarich, Ayse Günay, Ahmet Günay, Sedat Güven, Michele Maglione, Zeki Akkuş
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to review the results related to head and jaw disorders in cases of ectodermal dysplasia. The evaluation of ectodermal dysplasia cases was made by clinical examination and examination of the jaw and facial areas radiologically and on cone-beam 3-dimensional dental tomography (CBCT) images. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the 36 cases evaluated in the study, typical clinical findings of pure hypohidrotic ectodermal displasia (HED) were seen, such as missing teeth, dry skin, hair and nail disorders...
May 1, 2015: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Varshal J Barot, Shivlal L Vishnoi, Sarath Chandran, Gaurav V Bakutra
The tongue is an important oral structure that affects speech, position of teeth, periodontal tissues, nutrition, swallowing, nursing, and certain social activities. Ankyloglossia or tongue-tie, is a congenital anomaly characterized by an abnormally short lingual frenulum, which restricts mobility of the tongue. Though the ankyloglossia is not a serious condition, it may lead to a host of problems including infant feeding difficulties, speech disorders, and various mechanical and social issues related to the inability of the tongue to protrude...
September 2014: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
Deepika Shukla, Deepika Bablani, Aman Chowdhry, Raveena Thapar, Puneet Gupta, Shashwat Mishra
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of certain oral characteristics usually associated with Down syndrome and to determine the oral health status of these patients. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted among patients attending a special education program at Faculty of Dentistry, Jamia Millia Islamia, Delhi, India. The study design consisted of closed-ended questions on demographic characteristics (age, sex, and education and income of parents), dietary habits, and oral hygiene habits...
December 2014: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
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