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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684801/evaluation-of-racial-disparities-in-pediatric-optic-pathway-glioma-incidence-results-from-the-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-program-2000-2014
#1
Erin C Peckham-Gregory, Roberto E Montenegro, David A Stevenson, David H Viskochil, Michael E Scheurer, Philip J Lupo, Joshua D Schiffman
BACKGROUND: Racial predilection to pediatric cancer exists; however optic pathway glioma (OPG) risk differences by race/ethnicity are undefined. We estimated differences in OPG incidence across racial/ethnic groups in a multi-state cancer surveillance registry in the United States. METHODS: OPG data were obtained from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER-18) Program, 2000-2014. Race/ethnicity was categorized as: White; Black; Asian; Other; and Latino/a ("Spanish-Hispanic-Latino")...
April 20, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684765/application-of-maldi-tof-ms-for-the-subtyping-of-arcobacter-butzleri-strains-and-comparison-with-their-mlst-and-pfge-types
#2
Federica Giacometti, Silvia Piva, Katleen Vranckx, Katrien De Bruyne, Ilenia Drigo, Alex Lucchi, Gerardo Manfreda, Andrea Serraino
For the first time, this study evaluated the use of MALDI-TOF as a typing tool for Arcobacter butzleri. A total of 104 A. butzleri strains isolated from different sources in an artisanal dairy plant in Italy were identified and typed using MALDI-TOF and compared with their multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) profiles found in previous studies. MALDI-TOF correctly identified all the isolates to species level. No clearly delineated clusters appeared on dendrograms based on either the complete spectra or the significant peaks, but nine clusters were defined using the cophenetic correlation...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684387/duodenoscope-reprocessing-practice-patterns-in-u-s-endoscopy-centers-a-survey-study
#3
Adarsh M Thaker, V Raman Muthusamy, Alireza Sedarat, Rabindra R Watson, Michael L Kochman, Andrew S Ross, Stephen Kim
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: After recent outbreaks of duodenoscope-related infections from multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO), the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommended implementing one or more of four enhanced reprocessing measures in addition to updated manual cleaning methods and high-level disinfection (HLD). The implementation of these techniques in endoscopy facilities and provider opinions regarding reprocessing priorities remain unknown. METHODS: Physicians, nurse managers, nurses, and infection control staff at endoscopy units performing ERCP in the United States were surveyed to assess current institutional practices and individual opinions regarding future reprocessing solutions...
April 20, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684265/-the-curse-of-sisyphus-and-health-surveillance
#4
Jaume De Montserrat I Nonó, Mari Cruz Rodríguez Jareño
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684029/dispersion-and-oviposition-of-aedes-albopictus-in-a-brazilian-slum-initial-evidence-of-asian-tiger-mosquito-domiciliation-in-urban-environments
#5
Tania Ayllón, Daniel Cardoso Portela Câmara, Fernanda Cristina Morone, Larissa da Silva Gonçalves, Fábio Saito Monteiro de Barros, Patrícia Brasil, Marilia Sá Carvalho, Nildimar Alves Honório
Aedes albopictus, originally considered as a secondary vector for arbovirus transmission, especially in areas where this species co-exist with Aedes aegypti, has been described in most regions of the world. Dispersion and domiciliation of Ae. albopictus in a complex of densely urbanized slums in Rio de Janeiro, Southeastern Brazil, was evidenced. In this study, we tested the hypotheses that 1) Ae. albopictus distribution in urban slums is negatively related to distance from vegetation, and 2) these vectors have taken on a domestic life style with a portion of the population feeding, ovipositing, and resting indoors...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684025/first-cases-of-european-bat-lyssavirus-type-1-in-iberian-serotine-bats-implications-for-the-molecular-epidemiology-of-bat-rabies-in-europe
#6
Patricia Mingo-Casas, Virginia Sandonís, Elena Obón, José M Berciano, Sonia Vázquez-Morón, Javier Juste, Juan E Echevarría
Previous studies have shown that EBLV-1 strains exclusively hosted by Eptesicus isabellinus bats in the Iberian Peninsula cluster in a specific monophyletic group that is related to the EBLV-1b lineage found in the rest of Europe. More recently, enhanced passive surveillance has allowed the detection of the first EBLV-1 strains associated to Eptesicus serotinus south of the Pyrenees. The aim of this study is the reconstruction of the EBLV-1 phylogeny and phylodynamics in the Iberian Peninsula in the context of the European continent...
April 23, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684021/laboratory-and-molecular-surveillance-of-paediatric-typhoidal-salmonella-in-nepal-antimicrobial-resistance-and-implications-for-vaccine-policy
#7
Carl D Britto, Zoe A Dyson, Sebastian Duchene, Michael J Carter, Meeru Gurung, Dominic F Kelly, David R Murdoch, Imran Ansari, Stephen Thorson, Shrijana Shrestha, Neelam Adhikari, Gordon Dougan, Kathryn E Holt, Andrew J Pollard
BACKGROUND: Children are substantially affected by enteric fever in most settings with a high burden of the disease, including Nepal. However pathogen population structure and transmission dynamics are poorly delineated in young children, the proposed target group for immunization programs. Here we present whole genome sequencing and antimicrobial susceptibility data on 198 S. Typhi and 66 S. Paratyphi A isolated from children aged 2 months to 15 years of age during blood culture surveillance at Patan Hospital, Nepal, 2008-2016...
April 23, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683994/a-spatial-temporal-analysis-of-hiv-associated-mortality-in-rural-western-kenya-2011-2015
#8
Peter Sifuna, Lucas Otieno, Ben Andagalu, Janet Oyieko, Bernhards Ogutu, Valentine Singoei, John Owuoth, Sheila Ogwang, Jessica Cowden, Walter Otieno
BACKGROUND: Reliable data on the HIV epidemic is critical for the measurement of the impact of HIV response and for the implementation of further interventions. METHODS: We used mortality data from the Kombewa Health and Demographic Surveillance Systems (HDSS) from 1 January 2011-31 December 2015 to examine the space-time pattern of HIV-associated mortality. HIV mortality rate was calculated per 1,000 PLHV (for comparison with regional and national averages) and per 1,000 person-years (p-y) for comparison with other HDSS sites...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683931/value-of-18f-fdg-pet-ct-imaging-in-the-staging-restaging-monitoring-of-response-to-therapy-and-surveillance-of-uterine-leiomyosarcomas
#9
Ophélie Bélissant, Laurence Champion, Hind Thevenet, Pierre Weinmann, Jean-Louis Alberini
OBJECTIVE: Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is the most common subtype of uterine sarcomas. It is a rare and aggressive tumour. The aim of the present study was to assess the performance of fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) PET/CT imaging in four clinical settings: initial staging, restaging, monitoring of response to therapy and post-therapy surveillance of uterine LMS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A bicentric retrospective study was carried out on a group of 21 patients with uterine LMS for whom a total of 52 PET/CT scans were available in initial staging (n=11), restaging (n=11), monitoring of response to therapy (n=17) and post-therapy surveillance (n=13)...
April 20, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683851/detection-of-numerous-hiv-1-mo-recombinants-in-france
#10
Fabienne De Oliveira, Pierre Cappy, Véronique Lemée, Alice Moisan, Charlotte Pronier, Laurence Bocket, Magali Bouvier-Alias, Marie-Laure Chaix, Elyanne Gault, Odile Morvan, Jean-Dominique Poveda, Véronique Schneider, Marc Wirden, Elodie Alessandri-Gradt, Thomas Mourez, Jean-Christophe Plantier
BACKGROUND: The broad genetic divergence of HIV-1/O relative to HIV-1/M has important implications for diagnosis, monitoring and treatment. Despite this divergence, some HIV-1/M+O dual infections and HIV-1/MO recombinant forms have been reported, mostly in Cameroon, where both groups are prevalent. Here, we describe the characteristics of such infections detected in France in 10 new patients, and discuss their implications for biological and clinical practice, owing to the presence of group O species...
April 19, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683399/seroprevalence-of-dengue-virus-west-nile-virus-chikungunya-virus-and-zika-virus-in-international-travelers-attending-a-travel-and-migration-center-in-2015-2017-southern-italy
#11
Daniela Loconsole, Angela Metallo, Anna Lisa De Robertis, Anna Morea, Michele Quarto, Maria Chironna
International travelers to areas endemic for vector-borne diseases (VBDs) may be at risk of contracting and spreading these diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of immunoglobulin M (IgM) and immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies that are specific for Dengue Virus (DV), West Nile Virus (WNV), Chikungunya Virus (CHIKV), or Zika Virus (ZV) in a cohort of international travelers. The study enrolled travelers who attended the Travel Medicine and Migration outpatient service of Local Health Unit of Bari, Italy, in March 2015-June 2017 for counseling and vaccine prophylaxis before travel...
April 23, 2018: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682886/a-common-regulatory-variant-in-slc35b4-influences-the-recurrence-and-survival-of-prostate-cancer
#12
Eric Y Huang, Yu-Jia Chang, Shu-Pin Huang, Victor C Lin, Chia-Cheng Yu, Chao-Yuan Huang, Hsin-Ling Yin, Ta-Yuan Chang, Te-Ling Lu, Bo-Ying Bao
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the regulatory elements of a gene can alter gene expression, making these SNPs of prime importance for candidate gene association studies. We aimed to determine whether such regulatory variants are associated with clinical outcomes in three cohorts of patients with prostate cancer. We used RegulomeDB to identify potential regulatory variants based on in silico predictions and reviewed genome-wide experimental findings. Overall, 131 putative regulatory SNPs with the highest confidence score on predicted functionality were investigated in two independent localized prostate cancer cohorts totalling 458 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682693/costs-of-cancer-care-for-elderly-patients-with-neuroendocrine-tumors
#13
Chan Shen, Arvind Dasari, Dian Gu, Yiyi Chu, Shouhao Zhou, Ying Xu, Daniel Halperin, Shuangshuang Fu, James C Yao, Ya-Chen Tina Shih
BACKGROUND: The incidence and prevalence of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) have been steadily rising. NETs can arise in various parts of the body and have distinct pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, treatment, and survival compared to other neoplasms. The magnitude of the economic burden of NETs is largely unknown. This study aimed to estimate the cost of illness for NETs among elderly patients based on a large amount of observational data. METHODS: We estimated the direct medical costs by phase of care using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare data, including claims from January 1, 2002 through to December 31, 2012...
April 23, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682612/salvage-pelvic-lymph-node-dissection-after-fluciclovine-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-detected-prostate-cancer-recurrence
#14
Madeline Cancian, Jorge Pereira, Joseph F Renzulli
Background: Multiple new systemic agents have been targeted to metastatic prostate cancer, with decreased progression of disease but no cure. Surgical management of metastatic disease has been gaining interest, primarily in the setting of high-risk prostatectomies. However, metastasis-directed surgical intervention has been employed in rare scenarios, especially in oligometastatic disease. We report here on a salvage robot-assisted pelvic lymph node dissection for a solitary metastatic site. Case Presentation: A 63-year-old Hispanic man who was initially treated with prostatectomy for intermediate risk cancer developed rapid biochemical recurrence...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682524/pancd44-immunohistochemical-evaluation-in-prostatectomies-from-patients-with-adenocarcinoma
#15
Carlos Gustavo Hirth, Adriele Machado Dos Santos, João Batista Gadelha de Cerqueira, Francisco Vagnaldo Fechine Jamacaru, Maria do Perpétuo Socorro Saldanha da Cunha, Conceição Aparecida Dornelas
Introduction: CD44 has been proposed as a prognostic marker and a stem cell marker but studies in patients with prostate cancer have yielded inconsistent results. Patients and Methods: Patients submitted to radical prostatectomy between 2008 and 2013 at a university hospital were followed with biannual serum PSA tests to determine the biochemical recurrence (BR). Archived paraffin blocks with neoplastic and nonneoplastic tissue were evaluated immunohistochemically for a panCD44 and MYC...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682471/hybrid-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-is-the-future-here
#16
REVIEW
Vicente Orozco-Sevilla, Scott A Weldon, Joseph S Coselli
Open surgical repair has been the gold standard for thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair for more than 6 decades, but 2 additional options have emerged: total endovascular TAAA repair and a hybrid approach that combines open and endovascular repair. Despite the optimism for an endovascular approach, long-term results for these repairs are still lacking. Some of the issues with this emerging technology include the risk of paraplegia after extensive endovascular repair, the need for multiple reinterventions, continuous stent-graft surveillance, endograft branch stenosis, as well as the significant learning curve...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682375/myeloid-sarcoma-after-allogenic-stem-cell-transplantation-for-acute-myeloid-leukemia-successful-consolidation-treatment-approaches-in-two-patients
#17
Silje Johansen, Hilde Kollsete Gjelberg, Aymen Bushra Ahmed, Øystein Bruserud, Håkon Reikvam
Myeloid sarcoma is an extramedullary (EM) manifestation (i.e., manifestation outside the bone marrow) of acute myeloid leukemia (AML); it is assumed to be relatively uncommon and can be the only manifestation of leukemia relapse after allogenic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). An EM sarcoma can manifest in any part of the body, although preferentially manifesting in immunological sanctuary sites as a single or multiple tumors. The development of myeloid sarcoma after allo-SCT is associated with certain cytogenetic abnormalities, developing of graft versus host disease (GVHD), and treatment with donor lymphocytes infusion (DLI)...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682136/metastatic-cervical-paravertebral-solitary-fibrous-tumor-detected-by-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography
#18
Hoiwan Cheung, Courtney Lawhn-Heath, Giselle Lopez, Maya Vella, Carina Mari Aparici
Solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytomas (SFT/HPC) are soft tissue tumors that can arising from the abomen, pleura, head and neck, or extremities. We report an unusual case of recurrent hemangiopericytoma in a 67-year-old female presenting with a painless and palpable mass within her right posterior neck. Eight years after initial resection of the mass, a follow-up MRI showed multiple enlarging calvarial lesions. A whole body FDG-PET/CT revealed not only hypermetabolic calvarial lesions but also numerous hypermetabolic axillary node and osseous metastases...
April 2018: Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681966/a-review-of-global-literature-on-using-administrative-data-to-estimate-prevalence-of-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#19
Daniel J Friedman, R Gibson Parrish, Michael H Fox
As understanding of health deficits among people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) increases, concerns grow about how to develop comprehensive, sustainable surveillance systems to reliably monitor the health of this population over time. This study reviews literature from 12 countries in which retrospective administrative data have been used to estimate population-based prevalence of IDD, identifies promising practices in that literature, and discusses the feasibility of applying those promising practices to other countries...
March 2018: Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681942/bacterial-profile-antibacterial-resistance-pattern-and-associated-factors-from-women-attending-postnatal-health-service-at-university-of-gondar-teaching-hospital-northwest-ethiopia
#20
Abebaw Bitew Kifilie, Mulat Dagnew, Birhanemeskel Tegenie, Biruk Yeshitela, Rawleigh Howe, Ebba Abate
Introduction: Surgical site infection is a vital cause of maternal mortality and morbidity, especially in resource-limited countries. The rise of antibiotic resistance bacterial infection poses a big threat to this vulnerable population. However, there is lack of studies around the study area. Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify bacterial profile, antibacterial resistance pattern, and associated factors among mothers attending postnatal care health service...
2018: International Journal of Microbiology
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