keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Surveillance or prostatectomy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232796/-four-cases-of-bacteremia-caused-by-helicobacter-cinaedi-in-the-urological-ward-at-about-the-same-time
#1
Yoshiki Hiyama, Satoshi Takahashi, Naotaka Nishiyama, Mami Nakae, Satoshi Fujii, Masaaki Shinagawa, Naoya Masumori
Here we report the outbreak of bacteremia caused by Helicobacter cinaedi (H. cinaedi) in the urology ward. Case 1 was a man in his seventies with prostate cancer. Bacteremia caused by H. cinaedi developed 6 days after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. Case 2 was a man in his sixties with small cell carcinoma of the prostate. Bacteremia developed at 5 days of docetaxel therapy. Case 3 was a man in his fifties with left renal pelvis carcinoma. Bacteremia developed 3 days after laparoscopic left nephroureterectomy...
November 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232708/elimination-of-trachoma-as-a-public-health-problem-in-ghana-providing-evidence-through-a-pre-validation-survey
#2
Oscar Debrah, Ernest O Mensah, Laura Senyonjo, Dziedzom K de Souza, Tei E Hervie, David Agyemang, Didier Bakajika, Benjamin Marfo, Felix Ahorsu, Seth Wanye, Robin Bailey, Joseph B Koroma, Agatha Aboe, Nana-Kwadwo Biritwum
BACKGROUND: In order to achieve elimination of trachoma, a country needs to demonstrate that the elimination prevalence thresholds have been achieved and then sustained for at least a two-year period. Ghana achieved the thresholds in 2008, and since 2011 has been implementing its trachoma surveillance strategy, which includes community and school screening for signs of follicular trachoma and trichiasis, in trachoma-endemic districts. In 2015-2016, the country conducted a district level population-based survey to validate elimination of trachoma as a public health problem...
December 12, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232689/a-computational-model-for-regulation-of-nanoscale-glucan-exposure-in-candida-albicans
#3
Michael J Wester, Jia Lin, Aaron K Neumann
Candida albicans is a virulent human opportunistic pathogen. It evades innate immune surveillance by masking an immunogenic cell wall polysaccharide, β-glucan, from recognition by the immunoreceptor Dectin-1. Glucan unmasking by the antifungal drug caspofungin leads to changes in the nanostructure of glucan exposure accessible to Dectin-1. The physical mechanism that regulates glucan exposure is poorly understood, but it controls the nanobiology of fungal pathogen recognition. We created computational models to simulate hypothetical physical processes of unmasking glucan in a biologically realistic distribution of cell wall glucan fibrils...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232453/detection-of-zika-virus-in-aedes-mosquitoes-from-mexico
#4
Herón Huerta, Jesús Felipe González-Roldán, Gustavo Sánchez-Tejeda, Fabián Correa-Morales, Francisco Eduardo Romero-Contreras, Raúl Cárdenas-Flores, Mónica Liliana Rangel-Martínez, Juan Manuel Mata-Rivera, José de Jesús Siller-Martínez, Gonzalo M Vazquez-Prokopec, Pablo Manrique-Saide, Felipe Dzul-Manzanilla, Mauricio Vázquez-Pichardo, Claudia Rosales-Jiménez, María de la Luz Torres-Rodríguez, Alma Núñez-León, Belem Torres-Longoria, Irma López-Martínez, Cuitláhuac Ruíz-Matus, Pablo Antonio Kuri-Morales, José Alberto Díaz-Quiñónez
Background: We report on the results of an entomovirological surveillance system of Aedes populations performed by the Ministry of Health of the central state of San Luis Potosí, Mexico. Methods: Indoor adult Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus pools collected at San Martín, Tamazunchale, Ciudad Valles, Metlapa, Ebano, Tamuin and Axtla during the dry season of 2016 were examined for the presence of dengue (DENV), chikungunya (CHIKV) and Zika (ZIKV) viruses using real-time PCR...
July 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232385/sustaining-visceral-leishmaniasis-elimination-in-bangladesh-could-a-policy-brief-help
#5
Alyssa Fitzpatrick, Noor Saad M S Al-Kobaisi, Jessica Beitman Maya, Yu Ren Chung, Satyender Duhan, Erdene Elbegdorj, Sushant Jain, Edward Kuhn, Alexandra Nastase, Be-Nazir Ahmed, Piero Olliaro
Bangladesh has made significant progress towards elimination of visceral leishmaniasis, and is on track to achieve its target of less than one case per 10,000 inhabitants in each subdistrict in 2017. As the incidence of disease falls, it is likely that the political capital and financial resources dedicated towards the elimination of visceral leishmaniasis may decrease, raising the prospect of disease resurgence. Policy memos may play a crucial role during the transition of the elimination plan from the 'attack' to the 'consolidation' and 'maintenance' phases, highlighting key stakeholders and areas where ongoing investment is crucial...
December 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232277/scaling-up-hiv-self-testing-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-review-of-technology-policy-and-evidence
#6
Pitchaya P Indravudh, Augustine T Choko, Elizabeth L Corbett
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: HIV self-testing (HIVST) can provide complementary coverage to existing HIV testing services and improve knowledge of status among HIV-infected individuals. This review summarizes the current technology, policy and evidence landscape in sub-Saharan Africa and priorities within a rapidly evolving field. RECENT FINDINGS: HIVST is moving towards scaled implementation, with the release of WHO guidelines, WHO prequalification of the first HIVST product, price reductions of HIVST products and a growing product pipeline...
December 9, 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232272/relative-effects-of-age-race-and-stage-on-mortality-in-gestational-choriocarcinoma
#7
Christopher M Tarney, Chunqiao Tian, Eric R Craig, Barbara A Crothers, John K Chan, Glenn D Gist, Nicholas W Bateman, Thomas P Conrads, Chad A Hamilton, George Larry Maxwell, Kathleen M Darcy
OBJECTIVE: Gestational choriocarcinoma is a malignant form of gestational trophoblastic disease that usually arises after a molar pregnancy, but may follow any antecedent pregnancy. Investigations in this rare cancer are limited. We evaluated the prognostic effects of age, race, and stage in choriocarcinomas diagnosed for 4 decades. METHODS: Patients diagnosed as having gestational choriocarcinoma between 1973 and 2014 from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program were eligible...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232271/robotic-surgery-in-urology-facts-and-reality-what-are-the-real-advantages-of-robotic-approaches-for-prostate-cancer-patients
#8
Guillaume Ploussard
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite the worldwile increasing use of robotic assistance for oncology surgery, no level 1 evidence-based benefit favoring robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) versus pure laparoscopic or open approaches has been demonstrated. We aimed to perform an update of the available evidence by evaluating most recent 2016-2017 data. RECENT FINDINGS: Population-based and prospective nonrandomized studies and one phase III randomised trial have been recently published...
December 9, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232270/novel-focal-therapy-treatment-options-for-prostate-cancer
#9
Ryan P Werntz, Scott E Eggener
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Examine and discuss novel focal therapy treatment options for prostate cancer. RECENT FINDINGS: With the widespread adoption of mpMRI-guided biopsies for prostate cancer, use of image-guided treatment of prostate cancer has increased. Focal therapies leading to partial gland ablation such as partial prostatectomy, focal laser ablation, irreversible electroporation, vascular targeted photodynamic therapy, and focal radiofrequency ablation have emerged and begun to be properly evaluated...
December 9, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232250/results-of-a-second-examination-of-the-right-side-of-the-colon-in-screening-and-surveillance-colonoscopy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Xiuyun Ai, Weiguang Qiao, Zemin Han, Wenxin Tan, Yang Bai, Side Liu, Fachao Zhi
BACKGROUND: Screening colonoscopy is less effective in preventing proximal colon cancers than distal colon cancers. A repeat examination of the right side of the colon may increase the lesion detection. The study aimed to assess the results of a second examination of the right side of the colon with forward-view or retroflexion colonoscopy performed immediately after the initial examination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We carried out a meta-analysis of all primary studies that performed a second examination of the right side of the colon with forward-view or retroflexion colonoscopy performed immediately after the initial examination...
December 11, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232247/salivary-gland-activity-obscures-mandibular-metastasis-of-prostate-carcinoma-on-68ga-prostate-specific-membrane-antigen-pet
#11
Thabo Lengana, Ismaheel Lawal, Tebatso Boshomane, Kehinde Ololade, Florette Reyneke, Chimbabantiu Kaoma, Neo Mokgoro, Mariza Vorster, Mike Sathekge
We report a case of a 65-year-old man with prostate cancer; his treatment history included radical prostatectomy followed by radiation therapy and subsequent androgen deprivation therapy for more than 5 years. He currently presented with a history of rising prostate-specific antigen and complained of jaw aches. Ga-prostate-specific membrane antigen PET/CT study performed for suspected biochemical recurrence demonstrated vertebral lesions and lesion in his jaw. Subsequent biopsy of jaw lesion demonstrated prostate cancer metastases...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231973/comparative-effectiveness-of-prostate-cancer-screening-between-the-ages-of-55-and-69-years-followed-by-active-surveillance
#12
Tiago M de Carvalho, Eveline A M Heijnsdijk, Harry J de Koning
BACKGROUND: Because of the recent grade C draft recommendation by the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) for prostate cancer screening between the ages of 55 and 69 years, there is a need to determine whether this could be cost-effective in a US population setting. METHODS: This study used a microsimulation model of screening and active surveillance (AS), based on data from the European Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer and the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program, for the natural history of prostate cancer and Johns Hopkins AS cohort data to inform the probabilities of referral to treatment during AS...
December 12, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231805/understanding-host-parasite-relationship-the-immune-central-nervous-system-microenvironment-and-its-effect-on-brain-infections
#13
Laura Adalid-Peralta, Brenda Sáenz, Gladis Fragoso, Graciela Cárdenas
The central nervous system (CNS) has been recognized as an immunologically specialized microenvironment, where immune surveillance takes a distinctive character, and where delicate neuronal networks are sustained by anti-inflammatory factors that maintain local homeostasis. However, when a foreign agent such as a parasite establishes in the CNS, a set of immune defences is mounted and several immune molecules are released to promote an array of responses, which ultimately would control the infection and associated damage...
December 12, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231153/antibiotic-susceptibility-pattern-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-strains-isolated-from-five-cities-in-india-during-2013-2016
#14
Sangeeta V Kulkarni, Manju Bala, Syeeda A Muqeeth, G Sasikala, Amit P Nirmalkar, R Thorat, H Kambli, Jyoti Sawant, Arun Risbud, Raman R Gangakhedkar, Sheela V Godbole
PURPOSE: Emergence of multidrug resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae, an STI of public health significance is the biggest challenge to gonorrhoea control. Monitoring for antimicrobial resistance is essential for the early detection of emergent drug resistance patterns. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and twenty four N. gonorrhoeae strains were isolated between September 2013-August 2016 [82-New Delhi, 3-Pune, 3-Mumbai, 20-Secunderabad and 16-Hyderabad] to determine antimicrobial susceptibility and to compare the CLSI disc diffusion method with Etest for these strains...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230918/poor-continuity-of-care-for-tb-diagnosis-and-treatment-in-zambian-prisons-a-situation-analysis
#15
S Hatwiinda, S M Topp, M Siyambango, J B Harris, K R Maggard, C Chileshe, N Kapata, S E Reid, G Henostroza
OBJECTIVES: Prisons act as infectious disease reservoirs. We aimed to explore the challenges of TB control and continuity of care in prisons in Zambia. METHODS: We evaluated treatment outcomes for a cohort of inmates diagnosed with TB during a TB REACH funded screening program initiated by the Zambia Prisons Service and the Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia. RESULTS: Between October 2010 and September 2011, 6,282 inmates from six prisons were screened for TB, of whom 374 (6...
December 12, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230891/linking-individual-level-data-on-diagnoses-and-dispensing-for-research-on-antibiotic-use-evaluation-of-a-novel-data-source-from-english-secondary-care
#16
Patrick Rockenschaub, David Ansell, Laura Shallcross
PURPOSE: There has been a focus on stewardship programmes to curb inappropriate antibiotic prescribing and reduce antimicrobial resistance. In-hospital, patient-level prescribing linked to indication is needed to support surveillance, evaluation of stewardship initiatives, as well as other antibiotic research. We evaluated whether a novel dataset linking hospital pharmacy records to Hospital Episode Statistics data can be used for antibiotic research. METHODS: Using the Hospital Treatment Insights (HTI) database, which links Hospital Episode Statistics to pharmacy records from 43 out of 153 hospital trusts in England, we estimated the proportion of missed linkage and identified characteristics associated with missing data...
December 12, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230614/translating-predictions-of-zoonotic-viruses-for-policymakers
#17
Seth D Judson, Matthew LeBreton, Trevon Fuller, Risa M Hoffman, Kevin Njabo, Timothy F Brewer, Elsa Dibongue, Joseph Diffo, Jean-Marc Feussom Kameni, Severin Loul, Godwin W Nchinda, Richard Njouom, Julius Nwobegahay, Jean Michel Takuo, Judith N Torimiro, Abel Wade, Thomas B Smith
Recent outbreaks of Ebola virus disease and Zika virus disease highlight the need for disseminating accurate predictions of emerging zoonotic viruses to national governments for disease surveillance and response. Although there are published maps for many emerging zoonotic viruses, it is unknown if there is agreement among different models or if they are concordant with national expert opinion. Therefore, we reviewed existing predictions for five high priority emerging zoonotic viruses with national experts in Cameroon to investigate these issues and determine how to make predictions more useful for national policymakers...
December 11, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230586/comparison-of-the-diagnostic-efficacy-and-perioperative-outcomes-of-limited-versus-extended-pelvic-lymphadenectomy-during-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-a-multi-institutional-retrospective-study-in-japan
#18
Shuichi Morizane, Masashi Honda, Satoshi Fukasawa, Atsushi Komaru, Junichi Inokuchi, Masatoshi Eto, Masaki Shimbo, Kazunori Hattori, Yoshiaki Kawano, Atsushi Takenaka
BACKGROUND: We conducted a retrospective study to compare the perioperative course and lymph node (LN) counts of patients undergoing limited pelvic lymphadenectomy (lPLND) or extended pelvic lymphadenectomy (ePLND) during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy in an initial Japanese series. METHODS: The cohort included 1333 patients who underwent either lPLND (n = 902) or ePLND (n = 431) during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy at five institutions in Japan...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230413/establishment-and-application-of-prostate-cancer-circulating-tumor-cells-in-the-era-of-precision-medicine
#19
REVIEW
Yoon Seok Suh, Jae Young Joung, Sung Han Kim, Ho Kyung Seo, Jinsoo Chung, Kang Hyun Lee
Prostate cancer (PC) is the second most common cancer in men and is the fifth leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Additionally, there is concern for overdiagnosis and overtreatment of PC. Thus, selection of an appropriate candidate for active surveillance as well as more accurate and less invasive tools for monitoring advanced PC is required. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have emerged as a liquid biopsy tool; there have been several reports on its role, technologies, and applications to various cancers, including PC...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230402/animal-health-surveillance-in-scotland-in-2030-using-scenario-planning-to-develop-strategies-in-the-context-of-brexit
#20
Lisa A Boden, Harriet Auty, Aaron Reeves, Gustaf Rydevik, Paul Bessell, Iain J McKendrick
Animal health surveillance is necessary to protect human and animal health, rural economies, and the environment from the consequences of large-scale disease outbreaks. In Scotland, since the Kinnaird review in 2011, efforts have been made to engage with stakeholders to ensure that the strategic goals of surveillance are better aligned with the needs of the end-users and other beneficiaries. The aims of this study were to engage with Scottish surveillance stakeholders and multidisciplinary experts to inform the future long-term strategy for animal health surveillance in Scotland...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
keyword
keyword
79572
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"