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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220328/the-provision-of-dietary-and-physical-activity-advice-for-men-diagnosed-with-prostate-cancer-a-qualitative-study-of-the-experiences-and-views-of-health-care-professionals-patients-and-partners
#1
Eileen Sutton, Lucy E Hackshaw-McGeagh, Jonathan Aning, Amit Bahl, Anthony Koupparis, Raj Persad, Richard M Martin, J Athene Lane
PURPOSE: To explore the views and experiences of health care professionals (HCPs), men diagnosed with localised prostate cancer and their partners about the provision of advice on diet and physical activity after diagnosis and treatment for localised prostate cancer. METHODS: Semi-structured in-depth interviews with ten HCPs (Consultant Urological Surgeons, Uro-Oncology Clinical Nurse Specialists and Allied Health Professionals: see Table 1) and sixteen men diagnosed with localised prostate cancer and seven of their partners...
February 20, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202500/canwalk-a-feasibility-study-with-embedded-randomised-controlled-trial-pilot-of-a-walking-intervention-for-people-with-recurrent-or-metastatic-cancer
#2
Vicki Tsianakas, Jenny Harris, Emma Ream, Mieke Van Hemelrijck, Arnie Purushotham, Lorelei Mucci, James S A Green, Jacquetta Fewster, Jo Armes
OBJECTIVES: Walking is an adaptable, inexpensive and accessible form of physical activity. However, its impact on quality of life (QoL) and symptom severity in people with advanced cancer is unknown. This study aimed to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a randomised controlled trial (RCT) of a community-based walking intervention to enhance QoL in people with recurrent/metastatic cancer. DESIGN: We used a mixed-methods design comprising a 2-centre RCT and nested qualitative interviews...
February 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169575/a-clinician-referral-and-12-week-exercise-training-programme-for-men-with-prostate-cancer-outcomes-to-12-months-of-the-engage-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Cadeyrn J Gaskin, Melinda Craike, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Kerry S Courneya, Patricia M Livingston
BACKGROUND: The ENGAGE (efficacy of a referral and physical activity programme for survivors of prostate cancer) study established that a clinician referral and 12-week exercise training programme increased vigorous physical activity at 12 weeks among men with prostate cancer. Here, we report the 6- and 12-month outcomes. METHODS: In this multicentre cluster randomised controlled trial, we compared a clinician referral and exercise training programme to usual care...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126584/obesity-physical-activity-and-cancer-risks-results-from-the-cancer-lifestyle-and-evaluation-of-risk-study-clear
#4
Carlos Nunez, Adrian Bauman, Sam Egger, Freddy Sitas, Visalini Nair-Shalliker
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity (PA) has been associated with lower risk of cardiovascular diseases, but the evidence linking PA with lower cancer risk is inconclusive. We examined the independent and interactive effects of PA and obesity using body mass index (BMI) as a proxy for obesity, on the risk of developing prostate (PC), postmenopausal breast (BC), colorectal (CRC), ovarian (OC) and uterine (UC) cancers. METHODS: We estimated odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI), adjusting for cancer specific confounders, in 6831 self-reported cancer cases and 1992 self-reported cancer-free controls from the Cancer Lifestyle and Evaluation of Risk Study, using unconditional logistic regression...
January 23, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125044/pomegranate-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-cancer-an-update
#5
REVIEW
Pooja Sharma, Sarah F McClees, Farrukh Afaq
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States, and those who survive cancer may experience lasting difficulties, including treatment side effects, as well as physical, cognitive, and psychosocial struggles. Naturally-occurring agents from dietary fruits and vegetables have received considerable attention for the prevention and treatment of cancers. These natural agents are safe and cost efficient in contrast to expensive chemotherapeutic agents, which may induce significant side effects. The pomegranate (Punica granatum L...
January 24, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123076/cardiovascular-disease-in-cancer-survivors
#6
REVIEW
Tochi M Okwuosa, Sarah Anzevino, Ruta Rao
Certain cancer therapies, including radiation therapy and some types of chemotherapies, are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and events. Some of these effects such as those presented by anthracyclines, radiation therapy, cisplatin, as well as those presented by hormone therapy for breast cancer-usually taken for many years for some breast and prostate cancers-are long-lasting and associated with cardiovascular events risk more than 20 years after cancer treatment. Cardiovascular testing, diagnostic assessment of suspected cardiovascular symptomatology, as well as laboratory tests for CVD risk factors are imperative...
February 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114897/erratum-to-feasibility-outcomes-of-a-presurgical-randomized-controlled-trial-exploring-the-impact-of-caloric-restriction-and-increased-physical-activity-versus-a-wait-list-control-on-tumor-characteristics-and-circulating-biomarkers-in-men-electing-prostatectomy
#7
Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Jeffery W Nix, Gary R Hunter, Soroush Rais-Bahrami, Renee A Desmond, Balu Chacko, Casey D Morrow, Maria Azrad, Andrew D Frugé, Yuko Tsuruta, Travis Ptacek, Scott A Tully, Roanne Segal, William E Grizzle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093012/male-coping-through-a-long-term-cancer-trajectory-secondary-outcomes-from-a-rtc-examining-the-effect-of-a-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-program-repca-among-radiated-men-with-prostate-cancer
#8
Karin B Dieperink, Christoffer Johansen, Steinbjørn Hansen, Lis Wagner, Klaus K Andersen, Lisbeth R Minet, Olfred Hansen
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine if rehabilitation influenced self-reported male coping styles during and up to three years after treatment with radiotherapy for prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a single-center oncology unit in Odense, Denmark, 161 prostate cancer patients treated with radiotherapy and androgen deprivation therapy were included in a randomized controlled trial from 2010 to 2012. The trial examined the effect of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program within six months of treatment consisting of two nursing counseling sessions and two instructive sessions with a physical therapist (n = 79), or standard care (n = 82)...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089304/management-of-prostate-cancer-in-elderly-patients-recommendations-of-a-task-force-of-the-international-society-of-geriatric-oncology
#9
REVIEW
Jean-Pierre Droz, Gilles Albrand, Silke Gillessen, Simon Hughes, Nicolas Mottet, Stéphane Oudard, Heather Payne, Martine Puts, Gilbert Zulian, Lodovico Balducci, Matti Aapro
CONTEXT: Prostate cancer is the most frequent male cancer. Since the median age of diagnosis is 66 yr, many patients require both geriatric and urologic evaluation if treatment is to be tailored to individual circumstances including comorbidities and frailty. OBJECTIVE: To update the 2014 International Society of Geriatric Oncology (SIOG) guidelines on prostate cancer in men aged >70 yr. The update includes new material on health status evaluation and the treatment of localised, advanced, and castrate-resistant disease...
January 11, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086943/a-lifestyle-intervention-among-elderly-men-on-active-surveillance-for-non-aggressive-prostate-cancer-a-randomised-feasibility-study-with-whole-grain-rye-and-exercise
#10
Anne Kirstine Eriksen, Rikke Dalgaard Hansen, Michael Borre, Ryan Godsk Larsen, Jeppe Munthe Jensen, Kristian Overgaard, Mette Borre, Cecilie Kyrø, Rikard Landberg, Anja Olsen, Anne Tjønneland
BACKGROUND: The prognosis for men with non-aggressive prostate cancer is good, and several studies have investigated the impact of lifestyle changes including physical activity and diet on the prognosis. Despite positive results in animal studies and a few human interventions with whole-grain rye on markers of prostate cancer progression, the feasibility of trials investigating such dietary changes in combination with physical activity remains largely unstudied. The primary aim was to investigate the feasibility of an intervention with high whole-grain rye intake and vigorous physical activity for 6 months in men diagnosed with prostate cancer...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075422/inflammation-cardiometabolic-markers-and-functional-changes-in-men-with-prostate-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-12%C3%A2-month-exercise-program
#11
Katarzyna Hojan, Eliza Kwiatkowska-Borowczyk, Ewa Leporowska, Piotr Milecki
INTRODUCTION Previous studies have shown that physical exercise in cancer patients during radiation therapy (RT) and androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) improves cardiac fitness and quality of life (QoL), as well as reduces fatigue, but it is still not entirely known how it affects inflammation or metabolic factors and what its consequences are in patients with prostate cancer (PCa). OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to assess the effect of a 12‑month physical exercise program on inflammatory and cardiometabolic parameters, as well as on functional status in patients with PCa undergoing RT and ADT...
January 10, 2017: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053921/what-are-the-links-of-prostate-cancer-with-physical-activity-and-nutrition-a-systematic-review-article
#12
REVIEW
Joanna Kruk, Hassan Aboul-Enein
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most common malignancy in men worldwide. The purpose of this study was to provide a brief synthesis the current knowledge for the effects of physical activity (PA) and nutrition on PCa risk. METHODS: A systematic review of English languages reviews, meta-analysis, and original articles published from 2009 to 2015 extracted from the following websites: MEDLINE, Web of Science, Health Source, Science Direct, and their references...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006843/identification-and-prediction-of-health-related-quality-of-life-trajectories-after-a-prostate-cancer-diagnosis
#13
Megan S Farris, Karen A Kopciuk, Kerry S Courneya, S Elizabeth McGregor, Qinggang Wang, Christine M Friedenreich
The aim of our study was to identify physical and mental health-related quality of life (HRQoL) trajectories after a prostate cancer diagnosis and systematically characterize trajectories by behaviours and prognostic factors. Prostate cancer survivors (n = 817) diagnosed between 1997 and 2000 were recruited between 2000 and 2002 into a prospective repeated measurements study. Behavioural/prognostic data were collected through in-person interviews and questionnaires. HRQoL was collected at three post-diagnosis time-points, approximately 2 years apart using the Short Form (SF)-36 validated questionnaire...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999951/physician-role-in-physical-activity-for-african-american-males-undergoing-radical-prostatectomy-for-prostate-cancer
#14
Faustine Williams, Kellie R Imm, Graham A Colditz, Ashley J Housten, Lin Yang, Keon L Gilbert, Bettina F Drake
PURPOSE: Physical activity is recognized as a complementary therapy to improve physical and physiological functions among prostate cancer survivors. Little is known about communication between health providers and African-American prostate cancer patients, a high risk population, regarding the health benefits of regular physical activity on their prognosis and recovery. This study explores African-American prostate cancer survivors' experiences with physical activity prescription from their physicians...
December 21, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998647/glucose-metabolism-during-the-acute-prostate-cancer-treatment-trajectory-the-influence-of-age-and-obesity
#15
Katie M Di Sebastiano, Kirsten E Bell, Andrew S Mitchell, Joe Quadrilatero, Joel A Dubin, Marina Mourtzakis
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Obesity and age, key risk factors for aggressive prostate cancer, are associated with insulin resistance. Glucose-related parameters in patients with aggressive prostate cancer were compared with 2 reference groups: men of similar age and body mass index (BMI) without cancer, and healthy young men. Acute changes in these parameters following radiation treatment were also evaluated. METHODS: Nine patients with aggressive prostate cancer underwent metabolic assessments prior to treatment (baseline), 7 and 33 weeks post-baseline (post-treatment initiation)...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965880/lifestyle-change-in-the-cancer-setting-using-the-teachable-moment-protocol-for-a-proof-of-concept-pilot-in-a-urology-service
#16
Alyssa Sara Lee, Gozde Ozakinci, Steve Leung, Gerry Humphris, Hannah Dale, Neil Hamlet
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown diagnosis or screening for cancer may be a 'teachable moment' for prevention through lifestyle change. Previous trials have been successful but have been delivered via national programmes targeting patients being screened for colorectal cancer. This manuscript reports the protocol for a proof-of-concept study to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a lifestyle change service targeting men suspected or diagnosed with cancer of the prostate in a secondary care cancer service within the UK...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918777/global-regional-and-national-cancer-incidence-mortality-years-of-life-lost-years-lived-with-disability-and-disability-adjusted-life-years-for-32-cancer-groups-1990-to-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study
#17
Christina Fitzmaurice, Christine Allen, Ryan M Barber, Lars Barregard, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Hermann Brenner, Daniel J Dicker, Odgerel Chimed-Orchir, Rakhi Dandona, Lalit Dandona, Tom Fleming, Mohammad H Forouzanfar, Jamie Hancock, Roderick J Hay, Rachel Hunter-Merrill, Chantal Huynh, H Dean Hosgood, Catherine O Johnson, Jost B Jonas, Jagdish Khubchandani, G Anil Kumar, Michael Kutz, Qing Lan, Heidi J Larson, Xiaofeng Liang, Stephen S Lim, Alan D Lopez, Michael F MacIntyre, Laurie Marczak, Neal Marquez, Ali H Mokdad, Christine Pinho, Farshad Pourmalek, Joshua A Salomon, Juan Ramon Sanabria, Logan Sandar, Benn Sartorius, Stephen M Schwartz, Katya A Shackelford, Kenji Shibuya, Jeff Stanaway, Caitlyn Steiner, Jiandong Sun, Ken Takahashi, Stein Emil Vollset, Theo Vos, Joseph A Wagner, Haidong Wang, Ronny Westerman, Hajo Zeeb, Leo Zoeckler, Foad Abd-Allah, Muktar Beshir Ahmed, Samer Alabed, Noore K Alam, Saleh Fahed Aldhahri, Girma Alem, Mulubirhan Assefa Alemayohu, Raghib Ali, Rajaa Al-Raddadi, Azmeraw Amare, Yaw Amoako, Al Artaman, Hamid Asayesh, Niguse Atnafu, Ashish Awasthi, Huda Ba Saleem, Aleksandra Barac, Neeraj Bedi, Isabela Bensenor, Adugnaw Berhane, Eduardo Bernabé, Balem Betsu, Agnes Binagwaho, Dube Boneya, Ismael Campos-Nonato, Carlos Castañeda-Orjuela, Ferrán Catalá-López, Peggy Chiang, Chioma Chibueze, Abdulaal Chitheer, Jee-Young Choi, Benjamin Cowie, Solomon Damtew, José das Neves, Suhojit Dey, Samath Dharmaratne, Preet Dhillon, Eric Ding, Tim Driscoll, Donatus Ekwueme, Aman Yesuf Endries, Maryam Farvid, Farshad Farzadfar, Joao Fernandes, Florian Fischer, Tsegaye Tewelde G/Hiwot, Alemseged Gebru, Sameer Gopalani, Alemayehu Hailu, Masako Horino, Nobuyuki Horita, Abdullatif Husseini, Inge Huybrechts, Manami Inoue, Farhad Islami, Mihajlo Jakovljevic, Spencer James, Mehdi Javanbakht, Sun Ha Jee, Amir Kasaeian, Muktar Sano Kedir, Yousef S Khader, Young-Ho Khang, Daniel Kim, James Leigh, Shai Linn, Raimundas Lunevicius, Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Reza Malekzadeh, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Wagner Marcenes, Desalegn Markos, Yohannes A Melaku, Kidanu G Meles, Walter Mendoza, Desalegn Tadese Mengiste, Tuomo J Meretoja, Ted R Miller, Karzan Abdulmuhsin Mohammad, Alireza Mohammadi, Shafiu Mohammed, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Gabriele Nagel, Devina Nand, Quyen Le Nguyen, Sandra Nolte, Felix A Ogbo, Kelechi E Oladimeji, Eyal Oren, Mahesh Pa, Eun-Kee Park, David M Pereira, Dietrich Plass, Mostafa Qorbani, Amir Radfar, Anwar Rafay, Mahfuzar Rahman, Saleem M Rana, Kjetil Søreide, Maheswar Satpathy, Monika Sawhney, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Masood Ali Shaikh, Jun She, Ivy Shiue, Hirbo Roba Shore, Mark G Shrime, Samuel So, Samir Soneji, Vasiliki Stathopoulou, Konstantinos Stroumpoulis, Muawiyyah Babale Sufiyan, Bryan L Sykes, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Fentaw Tadese, Bemnet Amare Tedla, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, J S Thakur, Bach Xuan Tran, Kingsley Nnanna Ukwaja, Benjamin S Chudi Uzochukwu, Vasiliy Victorovich Vlassov, Elisabete Weiderpass, Mamo Wubshet Terefe, Henock Gebremedhin Yebyo, Hassen Hamid Yimam, Naohiro Yonemoto, Mustafa Z Younis, Chuanhua Yu, Zoubida Zaidi, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Zerihun Menlkalew Zenebe, Christopher J L Murray, Mohsen Naghavi
Importance: Cancer is the second leading cause of death worldwide. Current estimates on the burden of cancer are needed for cancer control planning. Objective: To estimate mortality, incidence, years lived with disability (YLDs), years of life lost (YLLs), and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 32 cancers in 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2015. Evidence Review: Cancer mortality was estimated using vital registration system data, cancer registry incidence data (transformed to mortality estimates using separately estimated mortality to incidence [MI] ratios), and verbal autopsy data...
December 3, 2016: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888214/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-death-from-cancer-a-42-year-follow-up-from-the-copenhagen-male-study
#18
Magnus Thorsten Jensen, Andreas Holtermann, Hans Bay, Finn Gyntelberg
OBJECTIVES: Poor cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is associated with death from cancer. If follow-up time is short, this association may be confounded by subclinical disease already present at the time of CRF assessment. This study investigates the association between CRF and death from cancer and any cause with 42 years and 44 years of follow-up, respectively. SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Middle-aged, employed and cancer-free Danish men from the prospective Copenhagen Male Study, enrolled in 1970-1971, were included...
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886411/dog-ownership-and-physical-activity-among-breast-prostate-and-colorectal-cancer-survivors
#19
Cynthia C Forbes, Chris M Blanchard, W Kerry Mummery, Kerry S Courneya
BACKGROUND: Dog ownership has been associated with higher rates of physical activity (PA) in several populations but no study to date has focused on cancer survivors. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between dog ownership and PA among cancer survivors; and to examine correlates of dog ownership. METHODS: A stratified random sample of 2062 breast (BCS), prostate (PCS), and colorectal cancer survivors (CRCS) was mailed a questionnaire assessing PA, social-cognitive, dog ownership, demographic, and medical variables...
November 25, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884704/enhanced-aggressiveness-of-bystander-cells-in-an-anti-tumor-photodynamic-therapy-model-role-of-nitric-oxide-produced-by-targeted-cells
#20
Jerzy Bazak, Jonathan M Fahey, Katarzyna Wawak, Witold Korytowski, Albert W Girotti
The bystander effects of anti-cancer ionizing radiation have been widely studied, but far less is known about such effects in the case of non-ionizing photodynamic therapy (PDT). In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that photodynamically-stressed prostate cancer PC3 cells can elicit nitric oxide (NO)-mediated pro-growth/migration responses in non-stressed bystander cells. A novel approach was used whereby both cell populations existed on a culture dish, but made no physical contact with one other...
January 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
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