keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

pediatric+surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224789/pediatric-surgical-capacity-building-a-pathway-to-improving-access-to-pediatric-surgical-care-in-haiti
#1
Neema Kaseje, Hillary Jenny, Andre Patrick Jeudy, Jean Louis MacLee, John G Meara, Henri R Ford
PURPOSE: Lack of human resources is a major barrier to accessing pediatric surgical care globally. Our aim was to establish a model for pediatric surgical training of general surgery residents in a resource constrained region. MATERIALS/METHODS: A pediatric surgical program with a pediatric surgical rotation for general surgery residents in a tertiary hospital in Haiti in 2015 was established. We conducted twice daily patient rounds, ran an outpatient clinic, and provided emergent and elective pediatric surgical care, with tasks progressively given to residents until they could run clinic and perform the most common elective and emergent procedures...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223665/guidelines-and-checklists-for-short-term-missions-in-global-pediatric-surgery-recommendations-from-the-american-academy-of-pediatrics-delivery-of-surgical-care-global-health-subcommittee-american-pediatric-surgical-association-global-pediatric-surgery-committee
#2
REVIEW
Marilyn Butler, Elizabeth Drum, Faye M Evans, Tamara Fitzgerald, Jason Fraser, Ai-Xuan Holterman, Howard Jen, J Matthew Kynes, Jenny Kreiss, Craig D McClain, Mark Newton, Benedict Nwomeh, James O'Neill, Doruk Ozgediz, George Politis, Henry Rice, David Rothstein, Julie Sanchez, Mark Singleton, Francine S Yudkowitz
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric surgeons, anesthesia providers, and nurses from North America and other high-income countries (HICs) are increasingly engaged in resource-limited areas, with short-term missions (STMs) as the most common form of involvement. However, consensus recommendations currently do not exist for STMs in pediatric general surgery and associated perioperative care. METHODS: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Delivery of Surgical Care Subcommittee and American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA) Global Pediatric Surgery Committee, with the American Pediatric Surgical Nurses Association, Inc...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218095/effect-of-repeated-neonatal-sevoflurane-exposure-on-the-learning-memory-and-synaptic-plasticity-at-juvenile-and-adult-age
#3
Xiaoli Liang, Yi Zhang, Chao Zhang, Chunchun Tang, Yi Wang, Juanjuan Ren, Xi Chen, Yu Zhang, Zhaoqiong Zhu
Currently sevoflurane is the volatile anesthetic most wildly used in pediatric surgery. Whether neonatal exposure to sevoflurane brings about a long-lasting adverse impact even at juvenile and adult age, attracts extensive concerns. However, to date the consensus has not been reached and how exposure to sevoflurane in early life affects long-term ability of learning and memory is not fully elucidated. To obtain further insight into this issue, 32 neonatal SD rats were assigned into control group (group C, n=16) and sevoflurane group (group SEV, n=16)...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204195/magnitude-of-neurogenic-tumor-burden-in-pediatric-population-a-tertiary-care-center-study
#4
Shagufta Qadri, Mahboob Hasan, Kafil Akhtar
Objective: Progress in the diagnosis and treatment of childhood neoplasm in the past few decades is one of the most gratifying achievements in the field of oncology. This study was aimed to ascertain the burden (incidence and prevalence) and histopathologic features of neurogenic tumors occurring in the pediatric population. Materials and Methods: The study evaluated a total of 492 cases of pediatric tumors over a period of 8 years from 2007 to 2015, including patients of 0-12 years of age group; attending the out-patients and in-patients Department of Pediatrics and Pediatric Surgery at Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, AMU, Aligarh, with the complaints of tumor or tumor associated sign and symptoms...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201998/treatment-and-outcome-for-children-with-esophageal-atresia-from-a-gender-perspective
#5
Julia Ekselius, Martin Salö, Einar Arnbjörnsson, Pernilla Stenström
Background: Besides the incidence of esophageal atresia (EA) being higher in males, no other gender-specific differences in EA have been reported. The aim of this study was to search for gender-specific differences in EA. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted at a tertiary center for pediatric surgery. The medical charts of infants born with EA were reviewed. 20 girls were identified, and 20 boys were selected as matched controls with respect to concomitant malformations...
2017: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201481/cystic-lymphangioma-of-the-chest-wall-in-a-5-year-old-male-patient-a-rare-and-atypical-localization-a-case-report-and-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature
#6
Dimitrios Patoulias, Ioannis Patoulias, Christos Kaselas, Maria Kalogirou, Chatzopoulos Kyriakos, Farmakis Konstantinos, Thomas Feidantsis, Papacrivou Eleni
Lymphangioma is a benign congenital malformation. The extremely rare and atypical localization of a lymphangioma in the chest wall was the real motive for the present case study. A 5-year-old boy was admitted to the Emergency Department of the 1st Department of Pediatric Surgery, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, due to the presence of a mildly painful swelling in the left lateral chest wall, which was first noticed three months ago, after a blunt injury during sport. Physical examination revealed the presence of a palpable, spherical, painful, nut-sized subcutaneous lesion in the left lateral chest wall, respectively, with the anterior axillary line, at the height of the 6th to 7th intercostal space...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180198/surgical-tray-optimization-as-a-simple-means-to-decrease-perioperative-costs
#7
James S Farrelly, Crystal Clemons, Sherri Witkins, Walter Hall, Emily R Christison-Lagay, Doruk E Ozgediz, Robert A Cowles, David H Stitelman, Michael G Caty
BACKGROUND: Health care spending in the US remains excessively high. Aside from complicated, large-scale efforts at health care cost reduction, there are still relatively simple ways in which individual hospitals can cut unnecessary costs from everyday operations. Inspired by recent publications, our group sought to decrease the costs associated with surgical instrument processing at a large, multihospital academic center. METHODS: This was a single-site observational study conducted at a large academic medical center...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173776/out-of-africa-insights-from-a-prospective-pediatric-surgery-database
#8
REVIEW
Stephen W Bickler
In this year's Robert E. Gross lecture, I describe how experiences early in my career at a government referral hospital in Banjul, The Gambia, influenced my research. Collecting prospective data on all children presenting to the hospital with surgical problems allowed me to gain an understanding of the epidemiology of childhood surgical conditions in sub-Saharan Africa and an appreciation for the inherent challenges of delivering surgical care in settings of limited resources. Based on findings from this database, my research over the past 20years has focused on developing strategies for improving surgical care in low-income countries and better understanding the geographical variations that occur in some of the most common surgical conditions in high-income countries (e...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169774/sir-denis-browne-the-father-of-modern-pediatric-surgery
#9
REVIEW
Don K Nakayama
Sir Denis John Wolko Browne (1892-1967), while not the first in the British Isles to devote his entire surgical practice to pediatric surgery, is accepted as "the father of pediatric surgery in the United Kingdom." He made contributions to operations as varied as tonsillectomy, pyloromyotomy, and hypospadias repair, and provided fundamental insights into the proper treatment of club foot, congenital dislocation of the hip, and cryptorchidism. He introduced the transverse laparotomy incision, primary repair of congenital intestinal obstruction, and the end-to-back anastomosis for intestinal atresia, techniques so commonly used that it is difficult to think of pediatric surgical operations done any differently...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167984/x-ray-micro-computed-tomography-in-pediatric-surgery-a-new-tool-for-studying-embryos
#10
Susann Brosig, N Peukert, R Metzger, H Schneider, R Haak, J Gosemann, M Lacher, D Kluth
PURPOSE: The embryology of common congenital malformations is discussed controversially. Studies are hampered by a shortage of study material and techniques which require partial or complete preparation and therewith destruction of embryos. X-ray micro-computed-tomography (µCT) is a technical opportunity keeping the embryos intact. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the applicability of µCT in embryonic research compared to the anatomical information obtained by scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
November 22, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167081/randomized-trial-evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-leg-crossing-and-muscle-tensing-technique-on-decreasing-vasovagal-symptoms-among-pediatric-and-young-adult-patients-undergoing-peripheral-iv-catheter-insertion
#11
Laura McIntyre-Patton, Shannon Wanderski, Deb Graef, Laura Woessner, Rachel Baker
Peripheral intravenous (PIV) catheter insertion is a common procedure that can cause vasovagal symptoms. Lower extremity muscle tensing techniques decrease these symptoms in adults. However, there are no studies examining this technique in the pediatric population. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine whether pediatric patients are able to perform the technique and to determine the effects of this technique on vasovagal symptoms in a pediatric population. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: A parallel-group randomized controlled trial was conducted with 28 patients cared for in a pediatric surgery unit...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161181/public-perception-of-telemedicine-and-surgical-telementoring-in-the-pediatric-population-results-of-a-parental-survey
#12
Sophia Abdulhai, Ian C Glenn, Neil L McNinch, Domenic Craner, Edwin Chou, Todd A Ponsky
INTRODUCTION: Telemedicine and surgical telementoring strive to provide equal access to specialized healthcare, regardless of patient location. It also aims to provide providers in remote locations real-time, second opinions from more experienced physicians who are otherwise not readily available. The goal of this study is to gauge the public perception of this technology in the pediatric population. METHODS: Patient families in our pediatric surgery and gastroenterology clinics were asked to complete a seven-question survey after being shown a 1-minute video describing telemedicine and surgical telementoring...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160638/tissue-repair-in-neonatal-and-pediatric-surgery-analysis-on-infections-in-surgically-implanted-natural-biomaterials
#13
Amulya K Saxena, Piotr Soltysiak
INTRODUCTION: Over the past 4 decades commercially available natural and synthetic biomaterials have been employed for various reconstructive procedures in the pediatric population. The aim of this study was to identify the types of commercially available natural biomaterials and their areas of application in the pediatric age group. Furthermore, to perform an analysis to identify areas of application and types of biomaterials those have increased susceptibility to infections in the pediatric population...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159423/characterizing-pediatric-surgical-capacity-in-the-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo-results-of-a-pilot-study
#14
Sarah B Cairo, Luc Malemo Kalisya, Richard Bigabwa, David H Rothstein
PURPOSE: Characterize pediatric surgical capacity in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to identify areas of potential improvement. METHODS: The Pediatric Personnel, Infrastructure, Procedures, Equipment, and Supplies (PediPIPES) survey was used in two representative eastern DRC provinces to assess existing surgical infrastructure and capacity. We compared our results to previously published reports from other sub-Saharan African countries. RESULTS: Fourteen hospitals in the eastern DRC and 37 in 19 sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries were compared...
November 20, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150783/incidence-of-non-physiologically-complex-surgical-procedures-performed-in-children-an-ontario-population-based-study-of-health-administrative-data
#15
James D O'Leary, Franklin Dexter, David Faraoni, Mark W Crawford
PURPOSE: Quantification of surgical procedures undertaken by hospitals is necessary for informing resource allocation and modelling healthcare services. Our objective was to quantify the incidence, similarity, and diversity of non-physiologically complex surgical procedures performed at pediatric specialist hospitals and other hospitals performing pediatric surgery. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study of children aged 28 days to 18 yr who underwent surgery in the province of Ontario from 2007 to 2015 using healthcare administrative databases...
November 17, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150369/trial-registration-in-pediatric-surgery-trials
#16
Sana Rokhsefat, Deanna E Morra, Martin Offringa, Lisa M Askie, Lauren E Kelly
BACKGROUND: Prospective clinical trial registration serves to increase transparency and to mitigate selective reporting bias. An assessment of adult surgical trials revealed poor trial registration practice with incomplete provision of information in registries and inconsistent information in the corresponding publication. The extent and completeness of pediatric surgical trial registration are unknown. We aimed to determine the proportion and adequacy of clinical trial registration in pediatric surgery trials published in 2014...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145984/outpatient-pediatric-orthopedic-surgery
#17
REVIEW
Daniel J Miller, Susan E Nelson, Apurva S Shah, Theodore J Ganley, John Jack M Flynn
Outpatient surgery refers to a surgical procedure that is performed without an overnight stay in a hospital. Outpatient surgery is associated with decreased individual and societal costs while achieving equivalent health outcomes and excellent patient satisfaction. Successful outpatient pediatric surgery is predicated on appropriate patient selection, adequate pain control, thorough preoperative education, and close clinical follow-up. Continuous research in quality, value, and patient safety are needed to ensure that this practice continues in as safe and efficient a manner as possible...
January 2018: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126406/perceptions-of-the-2011-acgme-duty-hour-requirements-among-residents-in-all-core-programs-at-a-large-academic-medical-center
#18
Benjamin J Sandefur, Diana M Shewmaker, Christine M Lohse, Steven H Rose, James E Colletti
BACKGROUND: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) implemented revisions to resident duty hour requirements (DHRs) in 2011 to improve patient safety and resident well-being. Perceptions of DHRs have been reported to vary by training stage and specialty among internal medicine and general surgery residents. The authors explored perceptions of DHRs among all residents at a large academic medical center. METHODS: The authors administered an anonymous cross-sectional survey about DHRs to residents enrolled in all ACGME-accredited core residency programs at their institution...
November 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124036/surgical-repair-of-a-traumatic-tracheobronchial-injury-in-a-pediatric-patient-assisted-with-venoarterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#19
Jee Won Suh, Hong Ju Shin, Chang Young Lee, Seung Hwan Song, Kyoung Sik Narm, Jin Gu Lee
Tracheobronchial rupture due to blunt chest trauma is a rare but life-threatening injury in the pediatric population. Computed tomography (CT) is not always reliable in the management of these patients. An additional concern is that ventilation may be disrupted during surgical repair of these injuries. This report presents the case of a 4 -year-old boy with an injury to the lower trachea and carina due to blunt force trauma that was missed on the initial CT scan. During surgery, he was administered venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115488/repeated-inhalation-of-sevoflurane-inhibits-the-information-transmission-of-purkinje-cells-and-delays-motor-development-via-the-gabaa-receptor-%C3%AE%C2%B5-subunit-in-neonatal-mice
#20
Hong Fang, Ze-Hua Wang, Ying-Jiang Bu, Zhi-Jun Yuan, Guo-Qiang Wang, Yan Guo, Xiao-Yun Cheng, Wen-Jie Qiu
General anesthesia is widely used in pediatric surgery, although the influence of general anesthesia on cerebellar information transmission and motor function is unclear. In the present study, neonatal mice received repeated inhalation of sevoflurane, and electrophysiological alterations in Purkinje cells (PCs) and the development of motor functions were detected. In addition, γ‑aminobutyric acidA receptor ε (GABAA‑R ε) subunit knockout mice were used to investigate the mechanism of action of sevoflurane on cerebellar function...
November 3, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
keyword
keyword
79562
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"