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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453776/syndromic-sebaceous-nevus-current-findings
#1
Oumama El Ezzi, Anthony S de Buys Roessingh, Michèle Bigorre, Guillaume Captier
BACKGROUND: Sebaceous nevus is a congenital malformation of the skin that usually occurs on the scalp or face. Syndromic forms do rarely exist with associated cerebral and ocular malformations. The skin lesions are pale at birth and become irregular by puberty. In the adult patient, tumors (usually benign) develop from sebaceous nevus. Their surgical excision during childhood can give a better result in terms of the definitive scar. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to analyze our cases of syndromic sebaceous hamartoma, perform a review of the existing literature, and propose guidelines for the therapeutic plan...
February 16, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441407/disability-weights-for-pediatric-surgical-procedures-a-systematic-review-and-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Emily R Smith, Tessa Concepcion, Stephanie Lim, Sam Sadler, Dan Poenaru, Anthony T Saxton, Mark Shrime, Emmanuel Ameh, Henry E Rice
BACKGROUND: Metrics to measure the burden of surgical conditions, such as disability weights (DWs), are poorly defined, particularly for pediatric conditions. To summarize the literature on DWs of children's surgical conditions, we performed a systematic review of disability weights of pediatric surgical conditions in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). METHOD: For this systematic review, we searched MEDLINE for pediatric surgery cost-effectiveness studies in LMICs, published between January 1, 1996, and April 1, 2017...
February 13, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439840/randomized-trial-evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-coloring-on-decreasing-anxiety-among-parents-in-a-pediatric-surgical-waiting-area
#3
Elizabeth M Robinson, Rachel Baker, Md Monir Hossain
Anxiety is common among pediatric surgical patients and their parents. Numerous studies have examined interventions to reduce pediatric patients' anxiety; however, less is known about reducing parental anxiety. In other populations, producing art has been shown to significantly reduce anxiety. PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine whether parents' anxiety decreased after coloring while their child is in surgery. DESIGN AND METHODS: A block randomized controlled trial was conducted with a convenience sample of 106 parents of children who were having a scheduled surgery...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433993/scar-acceptance-after-pediatric-urologic-surgery
#4
Mary K Wang, Yi Li, Rachel E Selekman, Thomas Gaither, Anne Arnhym, Laurence S Baskin
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergo pediatric urologic surgery as infants and young children. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the evolution of surgical scars over several years in order to inform parents and surgeons on the true cosmetic impact of pediatric surgery and evaluate patient scar satisfaction. STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study where patients who have undergone urologic surgery at a young age are evaluated years later for scar satisfaction via an abbreviated validated questionnaire...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428360/adolescent-testicular-microlithiasis-a-case-based-multinational-survey-of-clinical-management-practices
#5
Katie E Brodie, Amanda F Saltzman, Nicholas G Cost
INTRODUCTION: Testicular microlithiasis (TM) is a condition characterized by calcium deposits within the testis, usually detected incidentally during ultrasonography of the scrotum. TM has been associated with the presence of, and possibly the development of, testicular malignancy. Our aim was to document international clinical management practices for TM and to analyze what factors and perception of risk influence conservative versus active management and follow-up. METHODS: European Society for Paediatric Urology (ESPU) and Society for Pediatric Urology (SPU) members were invited to complete an online case-based survey of clinical management practices of TM...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419329/understanding-gastroschisis-and-its-clinical-management-where-are-we
#6
Candace Haddock, Erik D Skarsgard
Gastroschisis is the commonest developmental defect of the anterior abdominal wall in both developed and developing countries. The past 30 years have seen transformational improvements in outcome due to advances in neonatal intensive care and enhanced integration between the disciplines of maternal fetal medicine, neonatology and pediatric surgery. A review of gastroschisis, which emphasizes its epidemiology, multidisciplinary care strategies and contemporary outcomes is timely. Areas covered: This review discusses the current state of knowledge related to prevalence and causation, and postulated embryopathologic mechanisms contributing to the development of gastroschisis...
February 8, 2018: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406374/cerebral-oxygen-metabolism-before-and-after-rbc-transfusion-in-infants-following-major-surgical-procedures
#7
Felix Neunhoeffer, Michael Hofbeck, Martin Ulrich Schuhmann, Jörg Fuchs, Christian Schlensak, Martin Esslinger, Ines Gerbig, Vanya Icheva, Ellen Heimberg, Matthias Kumpf, Jörg Michel
OBJECTIVE: Although infants following major surgery frequently require RBC transfusions, there is still controversy concerning the best definition for requirement of transfusion in the individual patient. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of RBC transfusion on cerebral oxygen metabolism in noncardiac and cardiac postsurgical infants. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. SETTING: Pediatric critical care unit of a tertiary referral center...
February 5, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404732/endoloop-versus-endostapler-what-is-the-best-option-for-appendiceal-stump-closure-in-children-with-complicated-appendicitis-results-of-a-multicentric-international-survey
#8
Maria Escolino, Francois Becmeur, Amulya Saxena, Holger Till, George W Holcomb, Ciro Esposito
BACKGROUND: There is a limited and conflicting evidence about the most appropriate method for appendiceal stump closure during laparoscopic appendectomy (LA). We aimed to compare endoloop (EL) versus endostapler (ES) for stump closure during LA for complicated perforated appendicitis in children. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 708 patients (463 boys and 245 girls with an average age of 9.8 years) who underwent LA for complicated appendicitis in 5 international centers of Pediatric Surgery over a 5-years period (January 2011-December 2016)...
February 5, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402122/detailed-analysis-of-research-and-practice-in-the-life-of-a-pediatric-surgeon-in-east-central-europe-in-the-20th-century-an-example-of-prof-zofia-umiastowska-sawicka
#9
REVIEW
Przemyslaw Wolak, Andrzej Wincewicz, Anna Porębska, Stanislaw Sulkowski, Agnieszka Wincewicz-Price, Jonathan Price
Professor Zofia Umiastowska Sawicka laid the foundations for modern pediatric surgery in Poland, first in Bialystok, and subsequently in Kielce. She was a student of Prof. Jan Kossakowski from Warsaw Medical University to be counted among his most talented and skilled disciples. Professor Umiastowska became the head of the first Department of Pediatric Surgery in Bialystok, which was later incorporated into the Medical Academy of Bialystok. In 1977 she moved to Kielce to run the Department of Pediatric Surgery until her retirement in 1991...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401475/overexpression-of-ubiquitin-carboxyl-terminal-hydrolase-1-uchl1-in-boys-with-cryptorchidism
#10
Dorota Toliczenko-Bernatowicz, Ewa Matuszczak, Marzena Tylicka, Beata Szymańska, Marta Komarowska, Ewa Gorodkiewicz, Wojciech Debek, Adam Hermanowicz
BACKGROUND: The ubiquitin-proteasome system regulate p53, caspase and Bcl-2 family proteins, and is crucial for the degradation of the defective germ cells in testes. Purpose: to evaluate the concentration of ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase 1 (UCHL1) in the blood plasma of boys with cryptorchidism and if there is any correlation with patient age. METHODS: Patients-50 boys aged 1-4 years (median = 2,4y.) with unilateral cryptorchidism. Exclusion criteria were: previous human chorionic gonadotropin treatment, an abnormal karyotype, endocrine or immunological disorders or any long-term medication...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396814/intraoperative-radiation-exposure-in-spinal-scoliosis-surgery-for-pediatric-patients-using-the-o-arm%C3%A2-imaging-system
#11
Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Kei Ando, Kenyu Ito, Mikito Tsushima, Masayoshi Morozumi, Satoshi Tanaka, Masaaki Machino, Kyotaro Ota, Naoki Ishiguro, Shiro Imagama
PURPOSE: The O-arm® navigation system allows intraoperative CT imaging that can facilitate highly accurate instrumentation surgery, but radiation exposure is higher than with X-ray radiography. This is a particular concern in pediatric surgery. The purpose of this study is to examine intraoperative radiation exposure in pediatric spinal scoliosis surgery using O-arm. METHODS: The subjects were 38 consecutive patients (mean age 12.9 years, range 10-17) with scoliosis who underwent spinal surgery with posterior instrumentation using O-arm...
February 2, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393875/professional-well-being-of-practicing-physicians-the-roles-of-autonomy-competence-and-relatedness
#12
Oksana Babenko
This study investigated the roles of basic psychological needs-autonomy, competence, and relatedness-in physicians' professional well-being, specifically satisfaction with professional life, work-related engagement, and exhaustion. Using an online survey, quantitative data were collected from 57 practicing physicians. Overall, 65% of the participants were female; 49% were family medicine (FM) physicians, with the rest of the participants practicing in various non-FM specialties (e.g., internal medicine, pediatrics, surgery); and 47% were in the early-career stage (≤10 years in practice)...
February 2, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386770/plagiarism-and-pediatric-surgery-publications
#13
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373345/basic-knowledge-of-tracheoesophageal-fistula-and-esophageal-atresia
#14
Sura Lee
BACKGROUND: Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) and esophageal atresia (EA) are rare anomalies in neonates. Up to 50% of neonates with TEF/EA will have Vertebral anomalies (V), Anal atresia (A), Cardiac anomalies (C), Tracheoesophageal fistula (T), Esophageal atresia (E), Renal anomalies (R), and Limb anomalies (L) (VACTERL) association, which has the potential to cause serious morbidity. PURPOSE: Timely management of the neonate can greatly impact the infant's overall outcome...
February 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370892/laparoscopic-one-port-appendectomy-evaluation-in-pediatric-surgery
#15
A Binet, K Braïk, F Lengelle, M Laffon, H Lardy, S Amar
BACKGROUND: Appendectomy is a well-established surgical procedure in pediatric surgery used in the management of acute appendicitis. With the continuous advancement in the field of minimal invasive surgery, the recent focus is on single incision laparoscopic (SIL) surgery. SILA also goes further in order to decrease pain, improve recovery and enhance patient satisfaction. However, this approach is still not a well-established technique and not widely practiced, especially in pediatric surgery...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368076/the-socioeconomic-impact-of-a-pediatric-ostomy-in-uganda-a-pilot-study
#16
Arlene Muzira, Nasser Kakembo, Phyllis Kisa, Monica Langer, John Sekabira, Doruk Ozgediz, Tamara N Fitzgerald
INTRODUCTION: Multiple pediatric surgical conditions require ostomies in low-middle-income countries. Delayed presentations increase the numbers of ostomies. Patients may live with an ostomy for a prolonged time due to the high backlog of cases with insufficient surgical capacity. In caring for these patients in Uganda, we frequently witnessed substantial socioeconomic impact of their surgical conditions. METHODS: The operative log at the only pediatric surgery referral center in Uganda was reviewed to assess the numbers of children receiving ostomies over a 3-year period...
January 24, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366313/laparoscopic-repair-of-perforated-peptic-ulcer-review
#17
Varcus Flore, Paun Ion, Duta Ciprian, Dobrescu Amadeus, Frandes Mirela, Tarta Cristi
BACKGROUND: Perforations of the peptic ulcers are the most common cause of emergency surgery among the complications of the gastroduodenal ulcers and the leading cause for morbidity and mortality due to secondary peritonitis and sepsis. PPU is a condition in which laparoscopic perforation repair (LPR) is an optimal solution. It makes possible the identification of the perforation's site and allows closure of the perforation and the subsequent peritoneal lavage, as in an open repair (OR) but without the large upper mid-abdominal incision...
January 23, 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344633/considering-the-ability-of-general-surgeons-to-add-value-to-pediatric-surgery
#18
Lorraine I Kelley-Quon, Nam Nguyen, Jeffrey S Upperman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343557/dicer1-and-associated-conditions-%C3%A2-identification-of-at-risk-individuals-and-recommended-surveillance-strategies
#19
Kris Ann P Schultz, Gretchen M Williams, Junne Kamihara, Douglas R Stewart, Anne K Harris, Andrew J Bauer, Joyce Turner, Rachana Shah, Katherine Schneider, Kami Wolfe Schneider, Ann Garrity Carr, Laura A Harney, Shari Baldinger, A Lindsay Frazier, Daniel Orbach, Dominik T Schneider, David Malkin, Louis P Dehner, Yoav H Messinger, Ashley Hill
Pathogenic germline DICER1 variants cause a hereditary cancer predisposition syndrome with a variety of manifestations. In addition to conferring increased cancer risks for pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) and ovarian sex cord-stromal tumors, particularly Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor, individuals with pathogenic germline DICER1 variants may also develop lung cysts, cystic nephroma, renal sarcoma and Wilms tumor, nodular hyperplasia of the thyroid, nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma, ciliary body medulloepithelioma, genitourinary embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma and brain tumors including pineoblastoma and pituitary blastoma...
January 17, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334567/pediatric-vascular-trauma-practice-patterns-and-resource-availability-a-survey-of-acs-designated-pediatric-trauma-centers
#20
Patrick C Bonasso, Lori A Gurien, Samuel D Smith, Marie E Saylors, M Sidney Dassinger
BACKGROUND: Variation exists in pediatric vascular trauma management. We aim to determine practice patterns for vascular trauma management at American College of Surgeons (ACS) verified pediatric trauma centers and evaluate the resources available for management of vascular trauma at both freestanding children's hospitals (FSCH) and pediatric hospitals within general adult hospitals (PHGAH). METHODS: Pediatric surgeons and trauma medical directors at ACS designated pediatric surgery trauma centers completed a survey designed to evaluate anticipated management of traumatic arterial injuries and resource availability...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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