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fentanyl and antiretrovirals

F Billings, M R Hoyt
Spinal epidural lipomatosis is a rare condition of adipose tissue hypertrophy in the epidural space. Through nerve root and spinal canal compression, it may lead to both sensory and motor compromise. Chronic steroid use, obesity and other metabolic derangements are known causes of spinal epidural lipomatosis. Recently, several cases have been attributed to antiretrovirals taken to treat human immunodeficiency virus, given their side effects of lipodystrophy and altered fat metabolism. We report a patient on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) who developed debilitating back, hip and thigh pain during the third trimester of pregnancy that prevented ambulation...
October 2012: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
Jorn Lotsch, Carsten Skarke, Irmgard Tegeder, Gerd Geisslinger
Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) has become standard procedure in the clinical treatment of pain. Its widespread use in patients with all kinds of diseases opens a variety of possible interactions between analgesics used for PCA and other drugs that might be administered concomitantly to the patient. Many of these drug interactions are of little clinical importance. However, some drug interactions have been reported to result in serious clinical problems. Drug interactions can either predominantly affect the pharmacokinetics or pharmacodynamics of the drug...
2002: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
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