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outer hair cell

Glenn T Werneburg, David G Thanassi
Gram-negative bacteria assemble a variety of surface structures, including the hair-like organelles known as pili or fimbriae. Pili typically function in adhesion and mediate interactions with various surfaces, with other bacteria, and with other types of cells such as host cells. The chaperone/usher (CU) pathway assembles a widespread class of adhesive and virulence-associated pili. Pilus biogenesis by the CU pathway requires a dedicated periplasmic chaperone and integral outer membrane protein termed the usher, which forms a multifunctional assembly and secretion platform...
March 2018: EcoSal Plus
Sten Hellström
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Matti Anniko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Béatrice Milon, Sunayana Mitra, Yang Song, Zachary Margulies, Ryan Casserly, Virginia Drake, Jessica A Mong, Didier A Depireux, Ronna Hertzano
BACKGROUND: Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is the most prevalent form of acquired hearing loss and affects about 40 million US adults. Among the suggested therapeutics tested in rodents, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) has been shown to be otoprotective from NIHL; however, these results were limited to male mice. METHODS: Here we tested the effect of SAHA on the hearing of 10-week-old B6CBAF1/J mice of both sexes, which were exposed to 2 h of octave-band noise (101 dB SPL centered at 11...
March 12, 2018: Biology of Sex Differences
Joshua A Tillinger, Chhavi Gupta, Kadri Ila, Jamal Ahmed, Jeenu Mittal, Thomas R Van De Water, Adrien A Eshraghi
OBJECTIVE: The present study is aimed at determining the efficacy and exploring the mechanisms by which l-N-acetylcysteine (l-NAC) provides protection against tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα)-induced oxidative stress damage and hair cell loss in 3-day-old rat organ of Corti (OC) explants. Previous work has demonstrated a high level of oxidative stress in TNFα-challenged OC explants. TNFα can potentially play a significant role in hair cell loss following an insult to the inner ear...
March 7, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Srikanta K Mishra, Milan Biswal, Anup Amatya
The medial olivocochlear efferent fibers control outer hair cell responses and inhibit the cochlear-amplifier gain. Measuring efferent function is both theoretically and clinically relevant. In humans, medial efferent inhibition can be assayed via otoacoustic emissions (OAEs). OAEs arise by two fundamentally different mechanisms-nonlinear distortion and coherent reflection. Distortion and reflection emissions are typically applied in isolation for studying the efferent inhibition. Such an approach inadvertently assumes that efferent-induced shifts in distortion and reflection emissions provide redundant information...
February 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Yan Jin, Jun-Na Yao, Xiao-Guang Ge, Zhi-Jie Zhang, Rao-Rao Li, Xue-Feng Feng, Jin-Min Shi
The purpose of this article is to identify Daphne genkwa and its adulterants, Wikstroemia chamaedaphne, according to the morphological and microstructure characteristics of their stem and foliage. The root of D.genkwa was studied simultaneously. The results indicated that the crude drug and processed pieces of Genkwa Ramulus were mainly composed of stems and branches where obvious opposite petiole scars and branch marks were able to be seen on their nodes. Otherwise, foliage or peduncles generally couldn't be found...
December 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Michael D Weston, Shikha Tarang, Marsha L Pierce, Umesh Pyakurel, Sonia M Rocha-Sanchez, JoAnn McGee, Edward J Walsh, Garrett A Soukup
Germline mutations in Mir96, one of three co-expressed polycistronic miRNA genes (Mir96, Mir182, Mir183), cause hereditary hearing loss in humans and mice. Transgenic FVB/NCrl- Tg(GFAP-Mir183,Mir96,Mir182)MDW1 mice (Tg1MDW ), which overexpress this neurosensory-specific miRNA cluster in the inner ear, were developed as a model system to identify, in the aggregate, target genes and biologic processes regulated by the miR-183 cluster. Histological assessments demonstrate Tg1MDW/1MDW homozygotes have a modest increase in cochlear inner hair cells (IHCs)...
February 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
Kyoko Nagao, Thierry Morlet, Elizabeth Haley, Jennifer Padilla, Julianne Nemith, Robert W Mason, Shunji Tomatsu
BACKGROUND: Hearing impairment is a common problem in patients with mucopolysaccharidosis IV (MPS IV) throughout their life. Many of the adult patients with MPS IV exhibit permanent or severe hearing loss. However, there has been no systematic review of detailed audiological test results in MPS IV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen individuals with MPS IV (13 MPS IVA and 1 MPS IVB; aged between 12 and 38 years old) participated in the current study. We obtained auditory neurophysiological responses (auditory brainstem responses and otoacoustic emissions test) in addition to pure-tone audiometry and middle ear function tests (tympanometry and acoustic reflexes)...
February 8, 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
Wei Liu, Hubert Löwenheim, Peter A Santi, Rudolf Glueckert, Annelies Schrott-Fischer, Helge Rask-Andersen
TMPRSS3 (Trans-membrane Serine Protease 3) is a type II trans-membrane serine protease that has proteolytic activity essential for hearing. Mutations in the gene cause non-syndromic autosomal recessive deafness (DFNB8/10) in humans. Knowledge about its cellular distribution in the human inner ear may increase our understanding of its physiological role and involvement in deafness, ultimately leading to therapeutic interventions. In this study, we used super-resolution structured illumination microscopy for the first time together with transmission electron microscopy to localize the TMPRSS3 protein in the human organ of Corti...
February 19, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Maryam Emadi, Mohammad Rezaei, Sirvan Najafi, Ali Faramarzi, Farhad Farahani
The aim of this study was to investigate the possible role of cochlear outer hair cell function with TEOAE and DPOAE tests in patients with normal hearing and tinnitus. 25 tinnitus patients with normal hearing sensitivity selected as study group. Control group consist of 50 normal hearing subjects without tinnitus. All subjects had thresholds below 25 dBHL at frequencies 250-8,000 Hz, tympanogram type A and normal acoustic reflex thresholds. TEOAE were recorded with click stimulus at 80 dB SPL at 1,000, 2,000, 3,000 and 4000 Hz...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Teerawat Wiwatpanit, Natalie N Remis, Aisha Ahmad, Yingjie Zhou, John C Clancy, Mary Ann Cheatham, Jaime García-Añoveros
Acquired hearing loss is the predominant neurodegenerative condition associated with aging in humans. Although mutations on several genes are known to cause congenital deafness in newborns, few genes have been implicated in age-related hearing loss (ARHL), perhaps because its cause is likely polygenic. Here, we generated mice lacking lysosomal calcium channel mucolipins 3 and 1 and discovered that both male and female mice suffered a polygenic form of hearing loss. While mucolipin 1 is ubiquitously expressed in all cells, mucolipin 3 is expressed in a small subset of cochlear cells -hair cells (HCs) and marginal cells of the stria vascularis- and very few other cell types...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Claus-Peter Richter, Hunter Young, Sonja V Richter, Virginia Smith-Bronstein, Stuart R Stock, Xianghui Xiao, Carmen Soriano, Donna S Whitlon
Exposure to noise and ototoxic drugs are responsible for much of the debilitating hearing loss experienced by about 350 million people worldwide. Beyond hearing aids and cochlear implants, there have been no other FDA approved drug interventions established in the clinic that would either protect or reverse the effects of hearing loss. Using Auditory Brainstem Responses (ABR) in a guinea pig model, we demonstrate that fluvastatin, an inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase, the rate-limiting enzyme of the mevalonate pathway, protects against loss of cochlear function initiated by high intensity noise...
February 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
T Chen, W Zhang, Y Liang, Q Li, C Yang, Y X Yuan, M L Ban
Objective: To investigate the effect of melatonin on the expression of prestin protein in the inner ear of mice following a single dose radiation therapy, so as to provide the basis for the mechanism study of radiation induced inner ear injury and its prevention. Methods: Sixty 4-week-old male mice were randomly divided into six groups, including the control group (A group), 50 mg/kg MLT group (B group), 5 mg/kg MLT group (C group), 50 mg/kg MLT + radiotherapy group (D group), 5 mg/kg MLT+ radiotherapy group (E group), and 16 Gy radiotherapy group (F group)...
February 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
J Hu, Z C Chen, Y Z Zhang, P Han, W J Ma, Q Zhang, M Xu
Objective: To test the mechanism and upstream pathway of outer hair cell apoptosis in Cadherin 23 (Cdh23) gene mutant mice. Method: The mutant Cdh23(erl/erl)(erl) mice were collected as the study group, while the C57BL/6J (B6) mice were chosen as the control group. A total of 70 mice per group were used in this study. The study group and control group underwent auditory-evoked brainstem response (ABR) tests at the same age. The terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay was performed to detect outer hair cell(OHC) apoptosis...
February 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Kevin K Ohlemiller, Tejbeer Kaur, Mark E Warchol, Robert H Withnell
The endocochlear potential (EP) provides part of the electrochemical drive for sound-driven currents through cochlear hair cells. Intense noise exposure (110 dB SPL, 2 h) differentially affects the EP in three inbred mouse strains (C57BL/6 [B6], CBA/J [CBA], BALB/cJ [BALB]) (Ohlemiller and Gagnon, 2007, Hearing Research 224:34-50; Ohlemiller et al., 2011, JARO 12:45-58). At least for mice older than 3 mos, B6 mice are unaffected, CBA mice show temporary EP reduction, and BALB mice may show temporary or permanent EP reduction...
February 1, 2018: Hearing Research
Anna R Fetoni, Sara Letizia Maria Eramo, Antonella Di Pino, Rolando Rolesi, Fabiola Paciello, Claudio Grassi, Diana Troiani, Gaetano Paludetti
HYPOTHESIS: Trans-tympanic Rosmarinic Acid (RA), as compared with the systemic administration, protects against noise-induced auditory hair cell and hearing losses in rats in vivo. BACKGROUND: ROS production, lipoperoxidative damage, and an imbalance of antioxidant defences play a significant role in noise-induced hearing loss. Several molecules with antioxidant properties have been tested to restore redox homeostasis; however, drug delivery system represents a challenge for their effectiveness...
March 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Thomas Bowling, Julien Meaud
Distortion product otoacoustic emissions are sounds that are emitted by the cochlea due to the nonlinearity of the outer hair cells. These emissions play an important role both in clinical settings and research laboratories. However, how distortion products propagate from their generation location to the middle ear remains unclear; whether distortion products propagate as a slow reverse traveling wave, or as a fast compression wave, through the cochlear fluid has been debated. In this article, we evaluate the contributions of the slow reverse wave and fast compression wave to the propagation of intracochlear distortion products using a physiologically based nonlinear model of the gerbil cochlea...
February 6, 2018: Biophysical Journal
Shin Hye Kim, Gaon Jung, Sangjae Kim, Ja-Won Koo
The cell-penetrating peptide GV1001 has been investigated as an anticancer agent and recently demonstrated anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. It has shown a protective effect on a kanamycin (KM)-induced ototoxicity mouse model. In the present study, we administered GV1001 at different time points after inducing hair cell damage, and examined if it rescues hair cell loss and restores hearing. A deaf mouse model was created by intraperitoneal injection of KM and furosemide. First, to test the early temporal change of hearing and extent of hair cell damage after KM and furosemide injection, hearing and outer hair cells (OHCs) morphology were evaluated on day 1, day 2 and day 3 after injection...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Wibke Singer, Kamyar Kasini, Marie Manthey, Philipp Eckert, Philipp Armbruster, Miriam Annika Vogt, Mirko Jaumann, Michela Dotta, Kohei Yamahara, Csaba Harasztosi, Ulrike Zimmermann, Marlies Knipper, Lukas Rüttiger
Systemic corticosteroids have been the mainstay of treatment for various hearing disorders for more than 30 yr. Accordingly, numerous studies have described glucocorticoids (GCs) and stressors to be protective in the auditory organ against damage associated with a variety of health conditions, including noise exposure. Conversely, stressors are also predictive risk factors for hearing disorders. How both of these contrasting stress actions are linked has remained elusive. Here, we demonstrate that higher corticosterone levels during acoustic trauma in female rats is highly correlated with a decline of auditory fiber responses in high-frequency cochlear regions, and that hearing thresholds and the outer hair cell functions (distortion products of otoacoustic emissions) are left unaffected...
January 12, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
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