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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776796/-stalking-from-romantic-pursuit-to-sexual-predation
#1
Virginie Cailleau, Ghina Harika-Germaneau, Alexia Delbreil, Nematollah Jaafari
Deriving from the English verb "to stalk", stalking denotes an unwelcome, repetitive, and intrusive harassing and/or threatening behavior directed toward a specific individual, and can result in physical and/or sexual offending - even leading to homicide. French harassment legislation has evolved over the years, and the last law closest to the international anti-stalking laws had been promulgated in 2014. According to a review, up to 16% of women and 7% of men are stalked in their life, and 80% of the stalkers are known to their victims...
May 15, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776781/short-term-lost-productivity-per-victim-intimate-partner-violence-sexual-violence-or-stalking
#2
Cora Peterson, Yang Liu, Marcie-Jo Kresnow, Curtis Florence, Melissa T Merrick, Sarah DeGue, Colby N Lokey
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to estimate victims' lifetime short-term lost productivity because of intimate partner violence, sexual violence, or stalking. METHODS: U.S. nationally representative data from the 2012 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey were used to estimate a regression-adjusted average per victim (female and male) and total population number of cumulative short-term lost work and school days (or lost productivity) because of victimizations over victims' lifetimes...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774044/identification-and-functional-characterization-of-sugarcane-invertase-inhibitor-shinh1-a-potential-candidate-for-reducing-pre-and-post-harvest-loss-of-sucrose-in-sugarcane
#3
Suresha G Shivalingamurthy, Raveendra Anangi, Sundaravelpandian Kalaipandian, Donna Glassop, Glenn F King, Anne L Rae
In sugarcane, invertase enzymes play a key role in sucrose accumulation and are also involved in futile reactions where sucrose is continuously degraded during the pre- and post-harvest period, thereby reducing sugar yield and recovery. Invertase inhibitor (INVINH) proteins play a key role in post-translation regulation of plant invertases through which sucrose hydrolysis is controlled. INVINH proteins are small (18 kDa) members of the pectin methylesterase inhibitor superfamily and they are moderately conserved across plants...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768629/controversial-issues-in-the-management-of-hyperprolactinemia-and-prolactinomas-an-overview-by-the-neuroendocrinology-department-of-the-brazilian-society-of-endocrinology-and-metabolism
#4
Lucio Vilar, Julio Abucham, José Luciano Albuquerque, Luiz Antônio Araujo, Monalisa F Azevedo, Cesar Luiz Boguszewski, Luiz Augusto Casulari, Malebranche B C Cunha Neto, Mauro A Czepielewski, Felipe H G Duarte, Manuel Dos S Faria, Monica R Gadelha, Heraldo M Garmes, Andrea Glezer, Maria Helane Gurgel, Raquel S Jallad, Manoel Martins, Paulo A C Miranda, Renan M Montenegro, Nina R C Musolino, Luciana A Naves, Antônio Ribeiro-Oliveira Júnior, Cíntia M S Silva, Camila Viecceli, Marcello D Bronstein
Prolactinomas are the most common pituitary adenomas (approximately 40% of cases), and they represent an important cause of hypogonadism and infertility in both sexes. The magnitude of prolactin (PRL) elevation can be useful in determining the etiology of hyperprolactinemia. Indeed, PRL levels > 250 ng/mL are highly suggestive of the presence of a prolactinoma. In contrast, most patients with stalk dysfunction, drug-induced hyperprolactinemia or systemic diseases present with PRL levels < 100 ng/mL. However, exceptions to these rules are not rare...
March 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766532/root-expressed-phytochromes-b1-and-b2-but-not-phya-and-cry2-regulate-shoot-growth-in-nature
#5
Youngjoo Oh, Variluska Fragoso, Francesco Guzzonato, Sang-Gyu Kim, Chung-Mo Park, Ian T Baldwin
While photoreceptors are expressed throughout all plant organs, most studies have focused on their function in aerial parts with laboratory-grown plants. Photoreceptor function in naturally dark-grown roots of plants in their native habitats are lacking. We characterized patterns of photoreceptor expression in field- and glasshouse-grown Nicotiana attenuata plants, silenced the expression of PhyB1/B2/A/Cry2 whose root transcripts levels were greater/equal to those of shoots, and by micrografting combined empty vector transformed shoots onto photoreceptor-silenced roots, creating chimeric plants with "blind" roots but "sighted" shoots...
May 15, 2018: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765686/phylogeography-of-hydrothermal-vent-stalked-barnacles-a-new-species-fills-a-gap-in-the-indian-ocean-dispersal-corridor-hypothesis
#6
Hiromi Kayama Watanabe, Chong Chen, Daniel P Marie, Ken Takai, Katsunori Fujikura, Benny K K Chan
Phylogeography of animals provides clues to processes governing their evolution and diversification. The Indian Ocean has been hypothesized as a 'dispersal corridor' connecting hydrothermal vent fauna of Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Stalked barnacles of the family Eolepadidae are common associates of deep-sea vents in Southern, Pacific and Indian oceans, and the family is an ideal group for testing this hypothesis. Here, we describe Neolepas marisindica sp. nov. from the Indian Ocean, distinguished from N. zevinae and N...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760875/glycogen-synthase-kinase-3-promotes-multicellular-development-over-unicellular-encystation-in-encysting-dictyostelia
#7
Yoshinori Kawabe, Takahiro Morio, Yoshimasa Tanaka, Pauline Schaap
Background: Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3) regulates many cell fate decisions in animal development. In multicellular structures of the group 4 dictyostelid Dictyostelium discoideum , GSK3 promotes spore over stalk-like differentiation. We investigated whether, similar to other sporulation-inducing genes such as cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), this role of GSK3 is derived from an ancestral role in encystation of unicellular amoebas. Results: We deleted GSK3 in Polysphondylium pallidum , a group 2 dictyostelid which has retained encystation as an alternative survival strategy...
2018: EvoDevo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758390/dried-powder-of-corn-stalk-as-a-potential-biosorbent-for-the-removal-of-iodate-from-aqueous-solution
#8
Kui Zhang, Tao Chen
Removal of IO3 - from environmental samples with low-cost methods and materials is very useful approach for especially large-scale applications. Corn stalk is highly abundant agriculture residual, which is employed as useful biosorbent in many studies. In the present work, dried powder of corn stalk is applied for the removal of IO3 - under various conditions. The results indicate that the Kd is 49.73 ml g-1 under general conditions (m/V = 8 g L-1 , t = 5 day, equilibrium pH = 7 ± 0...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755976/a-general-safety-assessment-for-purified-food-ingredients-derived-from-biotechnology-crops-case-study-of-brazilian-sugar-and-beverages-produced-from-insect-protected-sugarcane
#9
Reese D Kennedy, Adriana Cheavegatti-Gianotto, Wladecir S de Oliveira, Ronald P Lirette, Jerry J Hjelle
Insect-protected sugarcane that expresses Cry1Ab has been developed in Brazil. Analysis of trade information has shown that effectively all the sugarcane-derived Brazilian exports are raw or refined sugar and ethanol. The fact that raw and refined sugar are highly purified food ingredients, with no detectable transgenic protein, provides an interesting case study of a generalized safety assessment approach. In this study, both the theoretical protein intakes and safety assessments of Cry1Ab, Cry1Ac, NPTII, and Bar proteins used in insect-protected biotechnology crops were examined...
2018: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755091/-coil-embolization-of-bronchial-artery-aneurysm-report-of-a-case
#10
Kenichi Hagiwara, Hiroshi Moriya, Yoshiyuki Sato
An 82-year-old male was admitted due to mild chest discomfort. Enhanced computed tomography showed a large bronchial artery aneurysm(BAA) of 26×27 mm at the left hilus. To avoid the rupture of BAA, coil embolization alone was performed. There has been no enlargement of BAA for these 4 years. In general, coil embolization only should be indicated in a patient with BAA with a stalk because of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) being off-label and low cost performance. TEVAR would be considered as a last resort only in case of enlarging BAA even after coil embolization...
May 2018: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754424/cry1ac-production-is-costly-for-native-plants-attacked-by-non-cry1ac-targeted-herbivores-in-the-field
#11
Erica McGale, Celia Diezel, Meredith C Schuman, Ian T Baldwin
Plants are the primary producers in most terrestrial ecosystems and have complex defense systems to protect their produce. Defense-deficient, high-yielding agricultural monocultures attract abundant nonhuman consumers, but are alternatively defended through pesticide application and genetic engineering to produce insecticidal proteins such as Cry1Ac (Bacillus thuringiensis). These approaches alter the balance between yield protection and maximization but have been poorly contextualized to known yield-defense trade-offs in wild plants...
May 13, 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754139/dichorionic-twins-discordant-for-body-stalk-anomaly-a-management-challenge
#12
Rita Caldas, Cátia Rodrigues, Carla Pina, Rosete Nogueira
Body-stalk anomaly is a sporadic and rare maldevelopment disorder characterised by large abdominal wall defect, spinal deformity and rudimentary umbilical cord. It is considered a lethal condition as there are only few reports of survival but there was at least one case of long-term survival after neonatal surgery.Differential diagnosis includes isolated omphalocele or gastroschisis, short umbilical cord, amniotic band, limb body-wall complex and other polymalformative syndromes.There are few reports about the expectant prenatal management of the body stalk anomaly as the majority of prenatal diagnosed cases undergo early elective termination...
May 12, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753910/differential-expression-of-sofdir16-and-sofcad-genes-in-smut-resistant-and-susceptible-sugarcane-cultivars-in-response-to-sporisorium-scitamineum
#13
Elena Sánchez-Elordi, Roberto Contreras, Roberto de Armas, Mario C Benito, Borja Alarcón, Eliandre de Oliveira, Carlos Del Mazo, Eva M Díaz-Peña, Rocío Santiago, Carlos Vicente, María E Legaz
Proteomic profiling of the stalk of a smut resistant and a susceptible sugarcane cultivars revealed the presence of dirigent and dirigent-like proteins in abundance in the pool of high molecular mass (HMMG) and mid-molecular mass (MMMG) glycoproteins, produced as part of the defensive response to the fungal smut pathogen. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis showed that expression levels of SofDIR16 (sugarcane dirigent16) and SofCAD (sugarcane cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase) were higher in the smut resistant My 55-14 cultivar than in the sensitive B 42231 cultivar prior to infection...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753262/effect-of-oxidation-processing-on-the-preparation-of-post-hydrothermolysis-acid-from-cotton-stalk
#14
Caiwei Wang, Shouyu Zhang, Shunyan Wu, Zhongyao Cao, Yifan Zhang, Hao Li, Fenghao Jiang, Junfu Lyu
The typical properties and yield of the refined hydrothermolytic acid (RHTA) and refined hydrothermolytic oxidation acid (RHOA) respectively prepared from cotton stalk by the hydrothermolysis process with and without hydrogen peroxide at 180-280 °C were investigated. The pH of RHOA at 180-260 °C is lower than that of RHTA. The yield of RHOA prepared at 180-280 °C is higher than that of RHTA except 230 °C. Besides, the variation trend of RHOA yield at 180-260 °C is in accordance with that of RHTA yield at 200-280 °C...
May 4, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752700/neuro-radiological-features-can-predict-hypopituitarism-in-primary-autoimmune-hypophysitis
#15
Tommaso Tartaglione, Sabrina Chiloiro, Maria Elena Laino, Antonella Giampietro, Simona Gaudino, Angelo Zoli, Antonio Bianchi, Alfredo Pontecorvi, Cesare Colosimo, Laura De Marinis
Primary autoimmune hypophysitis (PAH) is considered an underdiagnosed disease, due to the difficulty in reaching a definitive diagnosis. PAH clinical diagnosis remains an exclusion diagnosis. We aimed to correlate PAH neuro-radiological signs to endocrine features and evaluate their prognostic role. 24 PAH cases were enrolled and classified according to neuro-radiological signs: in 12 adeno-hypophysitis (AHs), 8 infundibulo-neuro-hypophysitis (INHs) and 4 pan-hypophysitis (PHs). Secondary hypogonadism developed more frequently in INHs as compared to AHs (54...
May 11, 2018: Pituitary
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748256/structure-mechanism-and-regulation-of-the-chloroplast-atp-synthase
#16
Alexander Hahn, Janet Vonck, Deryck J Mills, Thomas Meier, Werner Kühlbrandt
The chloroplast adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthase uses the electrochemical proton gradient generated by photosynthesis to produce ATP, the energy currency of all cells. Protons conducted through the membrane-embedded Fo motor drive ATP synthesis in the F1 head by rotary catalysis. We determined the high-resolution structure of the complete cF1 Fo complex by cryo-electron microscopy, resolving side chains of all 26 protein subunits, the five nucleotides in the F1 head, and the proton pathway to and from the rotor ring...
May 11, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746795/comparative-analysis-of-pretreatment-methods-on-sorghum-sorghum-durra-stalk-agrowaste-for-holocellulose-content
#17
Sumitha Banu Jamaldheen, Kedar Sharma, Aruna Rani, Vijayanand S Moholkar, Arun Goyal
This study compares different types of pretreatment methods, such as thermal pretreatment at 120°C, autoclaving, microwaving and ultrasonication in the presence of water, dilute acid (1% H2 SO4 ) or dilute alkali (1% NaOH) on Sorghum stalk with respect to the holocellulose and ADL (Acid Detergent/Insoluble Lignin) content. Among all the methods, pretreatment with 1% NaOH along with autoclaving at 121°C and 15 psi for 30 min was the most effective method for Sorghum stalk. FTIR analysis of this pretreated biomass showed the removal of lignin and FESEM analysis displayed enhanced surface roughness...
May 10, 2018: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746499/quantitative-evaluation-of-variation-in-defoliation-traits-among-sugarcane-genotypes
#18
Youzong Huang, Heyang Shang, Yuzhi Xu, Hongtao Jiang, Shiqiang Xu, Muqing Zhang
Development of easily defoliating sugarcane varieties is urgently needed to facilitate efficient mechanical harvesting, reduce production costs, and increase sugar yield in China. In order to quantify the defoliation characteristics of sugarcane, we investigated eight traits in two field experiments with a range of sugarcane varieties at maturity. The length (LSR) and angle (ASR) of the sheath ruptured from the stalk, defoliation force (DF), and self-defoliation (SD) were the traits with the greatest contribution to the quantitative assessment of sugarcane defoliation based on a principal component analysis, which accounted for more than 75% of the cumulative variability...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741189/investigation-of-the-effects-of-mechanical-treatments-on-cellular-structure-integrity-and-vitamin-c-extractability-of-broccoli-brassica-oleracea-l-var-italica-by-lf-nmr
#19
Jinxin Yang, Xin Jin, Xiao Dong Chen
Extraction of nutrients from plants is an important unit operation in the food and biological industries. The target nutrient is usually spatially distributed throughout the plant tissue. The intact cell wall and adhering membranes are the main resistances to molecular diffusion. Therefore, disintegration of the intact structure, which in turn increases the permeability of adhering membranes, can significantly improve the nutrient extraction yield and efficiency. In this study, different physical treatments (homogenization, high pressure homogenization, and ball mill grinding) were applied to investigate their effects on the tissue microstructure and the release of vitamin C...
May 9, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735672/strategic-investment-explains-patterns-of-cooperation-and-cheating-in-a-microbe
#20
Philip G Madgwick, Balint Stewart, Laurence J Belcher, Christopher R L Thompson, Jason B Wolf
Contributing to cooperation is typically costly, while its rewards are often available to all members of a social group. So why should individuals be willing to pay these costs, especially if they could cheat by exploiting the investments of others? Kin selection theory broadly predicts that individuals should invest more into cooperation if their relatedness to group members is high (assuming they can discriminate kin from nonkin). To better understand how relatedness affects cooperation, we derived the ‟Collective Investment" game, which provides quantitative predictions for patterns of strategic investment depending on the level of relatedness...
May 7, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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