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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087809/trim13-potentiates-tlr2-mediated-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation-via-k29-linked-polyubiquitination-of-traf6
#1
Bin Huang, Suk-Hwan Baek
Ubiquitination is a versatile post-translational modification involved in NF-κB activation of TLR signaling. Here, we demonstrated that Trim13, an E3 ubiquitin ligase, is up-regulated in macrophages upon stimulation with TLR2 ligand. Knock-down of Trim13 attenuated TLR2-mediated production of cytokines/chemokines and formation of foam cells, as well as activation of NF-κB. Trim13 interacts with TRAF6 and potentiates NF-κB activity via ubiquitination of TRAF6. Overexpression of inactive mutant (C10/13A) or RING deletion mutant of Trim13 did not potentiate ubiquitination of TRAF6 or activation of NF-κB...
January 13, 2017: Molecular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074932/the-helicobacter-cinaedi-antigen-caip-participates-in-atherosclerotic-inflammation-by-promoting-the-differentiation-of-macrophages-in-foam-cells
#2
Mario Milco D'Elios, Francesca Vallese, Nagaja Capitani, Marisa Benagiano, Maria Lina Bernardini, Mirko Rossi, Gian Paolo Rossi, Mauro Ferrari, Cosima Tatiana Baldari, Giuseppe Zanotti, Marina de Bernard, Gaia Codolo
Recent studies have shown that certain specific microbial infections participate in atherosclerosis by inducing inflammation and immune reactions, but how the pathogens implicated in this pathology trigger the host responses remains unknown. In this study we show that Helicobacter cinaedi (Hc) is a human pathogen linked to atherosclerosis development since at least 27% of sera from atherosclerotic patients specifically recognize a protein of the Hc proteome, that we named Cinaedi Atherosclerosis Inflammatory Protein (CAIP) (n = 71)...
January 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072961/-a-case-report-of-childhood-farber-s-disease-and-literature-review
#3
X H Bao, J M Tian, T Y Ji, X Z Chang
Objective: To explore the clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and the prognosis of Farber disease by case report and literature review. Method: The clinical information of a case with farber's disease diagnosed in October 2015 at Peking University First Hospital was collected and analyzed, including clinical manifestation, electrophysiology, magnetic resonance imaging, pathology, treatments and prognosis.ASAH1 gene mutational analysis was conducted in the patient and her parents.By using "Farber's disease, ASAH1" as keywords, literature was searched from Pubmed, CHKD and HGMD database from January 1951 to January 2016...
January 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068621/formation-of-porous-hpcl-lpcl-ha-scaffolds-with-supercritical-co2-gas-foaming-method
#4
M Zahedi Moghadam, Sh Hassanajili, F Esmaeilzadeh, M Ayatollahi, M Ahmadi
Scaffold is a 3D porous structure that is made of different materials, such as synthetic and natural polymers. It plays the role of a synthetic extracellular matrix and permits adhesion, proliferation and differentiation of the cells. Porosity and pore size are the important factors for any 3D scaffold used in bone tissue engineering. In this study, porous scaffolds were prepared by adding hydroxyapatite (HA) nanoparticles as filler to the polymeric matrix of polycaprolactone (PCL) blends with two different molecular weight by using supercritical CO2 (ScCO2) foaming method...
January 3, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067638/a-geometric-exploration-of-stress-in-deformed-liquid-foams
#5
Myfanwy Ella Evans, Gerd Schröder-Turk, Andrew Kraynik
We explore an alternate way of looking at the rheological response of a yield stress fluid: using discrete geometry to probe the heterogeneous distribution of stress in soap froth. We present quasi-static, uniaxial, isochoric compression and extension of three-dimensional random monodisperse soap froth in periodic boundary conditions and examine the stress and geometry that result. The stress and shape anisotropy of individual cells is quantified by Q, a scalar measure derived from the interface tensor that gauges each cell���s contribution to the global stress...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063094/stasis-dermatitis-pathophysiology-evaluation-and-management
#6
REVIEW
Swaminathan Sundaresan, Michael R Migden, Sirunya Silapunt
Stasis dermatitis commonly occurs in older age. It is caused by venous hypertension resulting from retrograde flow due to incompetent venous valves, valve destruction, or obstruction of the venous system. Further tissue changes arise from an inflammatory process mediated by metalloproteinases, which are up-regulated by ferric ion from extravasated red blood cells. Stasis dermatitis presents initially as poorly demarcated erythematous plaques of the lower legs bilaterally, classically involving the medial malleolus...
January 6, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060343/protein-complex-affinity-capture-from-cryomilled-mammalian-cells
#7
John LaCava, Hua Jiang, Michael P Rout
Affinity capture is an effective technique for isolating endogenous protein complexes for further study. When used in conjunction with an antibody, this technique is also frequently referred to as immunoprecipitation. Affinity capture can be applied in a bench-scale and in a high-throughput context. When coupled with protein mass spectrometry, affinity capture has proven to be a workhorse of interactome analysis. Although there are potentially many ways to execute the numerous steps involved, the following protocols implement our favored methods...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053911/verruciform-xanthoma-in-the-hard-palate-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Alexandre Simões Garcia, Otávio Pagin, Paulo Sérgio da Silva Santos, Denise Tostes Oliveira
Oral verruciform xanthoma (OVX) is an uncommon lesion that appears on the oral mucosa. The aim of this paper was to discuss the probable etiopathogenesis of OVX in the hard palate, reinforcing the importance of including this lesion in the differential diagnosis of verrucous lesions. A 43-year-old male smoker presented with a painless lesion with a verrucous surface and erythematous spots on the hard palate. Excisional biopsy revealed oral mucosa consisting of hyperkeratosis, acanthosis, and elongated rete pegs...
December 2016: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052815/how-do-macrophages-sense-modified-low-density-lipoproteins
#9
REVIEW
Dimitry A Chistiakov, Alexandra A Melnichenko, Alexander N Orekhov, Yuri V Bobryshev
In atherosclerosis, serum lipoproteins undergo various chemical modifications that impair their normal function. Modification of low density lipoprotein (LDL) such as oxidation, glycation, carbamylation, glucooxidation, etc. makes LDL particles more proatherogenic. Macrophages are responsible for clearance of modified LDL to prevent cytotoxicity, tissue injury, inflammation, and metabolic disturbances. They develop an advanced sensing arsenal composed of various pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) capable of recognizing and binding foreign or altered-self targets for further inactivation and degradation...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040583/ros-via-btk-p300-stat1-ppar%C3%AE-signaling-activation-mediates-cholesterol-crystals-induced-cd36-expression-and-foam-cell-formation
#10
Sivareddy Kotla, Nikhlesh K Singh, Gadiparthi N Rao
In understanding the mechanisms of cholesterol in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, previous studies from other laboratories have demonstrated that cholesterol crystals (CC) induce scavenger receptor CD36 expression and NLRP3-mediated inflammasome formation. In elucidating the mechanisms by which CC could enhance CD36 expression and foam cell formation, here we report that CC via NADPH and xanthine oxidases-mediated ROS production activates BTK, a non-receptor tyrosine kinase. In addition, CC induce p300 tyrosine phosphorylation and activation in a BTK-dependent manner, which in turn, leads to STAT1 acetylation and its interaction with PPARγ in CD36 expression, oxLDL uptake and foam cell formation...
December 7, 2016: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040472/proatherogenic-effects-of-4-hydroxynonenal
#11
Anne Nègre-Salvayre, Sandra Garoby-Salom, Audrey Swiader, Myriam Rouahi, Mélanie Pucelle, Robert Salvayre
4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) is a α,β-unsaturated hydroxyalkenal generated by peroxidation of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid. This reactive carbonyl compound exhibits a huge number of biological properties that result mainly from the formation of HNE-adducts on free amino groups and thiol groups in proteins. In the vascular system, HNE adduct accumulation progressively leads to cellular dysfunction and tissue damages that are involved in the progression of atherosclerosis and related diseases. HNE contributes to the atherogenicity of oxidized LDL, by forming HNE-apoB adducts that deviate the LDL metabolism to the scavenger receptor pathway of macrophagic cells, and lead to the formation of foam cells...
December 28, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039859/cholesterol-crystallisation-in-human-atherosclerosis-is-triggered-in-smooth-muscle-cells-during-the-transition-from-fatty-streak-to-fibroatheroma
#12
Benoît Ho-Tin-Noé, Sophie Vo, Richard Bayles, Stephen Ferrière, Hayette Ladjal, Sondes Toumi, Catherine Deschildre, Véronique Ollivier, Jean-Baptiste Michel
Recent studies have shown that in addition to being major constituents of the atheromatous core, solid cholesterol crystals (CCs) promote atherosclerotic lesion development and rupture by causing mechanical damage and exerting cytotoxic and pro-inflammatory effects. These findings suggest that targeting CCs might represent a therapeutic strategy for plaque stabilisation. However, little is known about how cholesterol crystallisation is initiated in human atherothrombotic disease. Here, we investigated these mechanisms...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038677/altered-lipoproteins-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-are-associated-with-augmented-oxidative-stress-a-potential-role-in-atherosclerosis
#13
Jin Kyun Park, Jae-Yong Kim, Jin Young Moon, Eun Young Ahn, Eun Young Lee, Eun Bong Lee, Kyung-Hyun Cho, Yeong Wook Song
BACKGROUND: To examine the structural and oxidative properties of lipoproteins from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: The lipid profiles of 35 SLE patients and 15 healthy controls (HCs) were compared. Oxidation status, susceptibility to oxidation, and structural integrity of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) were determined by measuring malondialdehyde (MDA), de novo formation of conjugated dienes in the presence of CuSO4, and mobility on gel electrophoresis, respectively...
December 30, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030789/the-ssri-fluoxetine-exhibits-mild-effects-on-the-reproductive-axis-in-the-cichlid-fish-cichlasoma-dimerus-teleostei-cichliformes
#14
Luciana S Dorelle, Rodrigo H Da Cuña, Graciela Rey Vázquez, Christian Höcht, Akio Shimizu, Griselda Genovese, Fabiana L Lo Nostro
Among the wide variety of pharmaceuticals released into the environment, Fluoxetine (FLX), a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, is one of the most prescribed for the treatment of major depression. It inhibits serotonin (5-HT) reuptake at the presinaptic membrane, increasing serotonergic activity. In vertebrates, including fish, the serotonergic system is closely related to the Hypothalamic Pituitary Gonadal (HPG) axis which regulates reproduction. As FLX can act as an endocrine disrupting compound (EDC) by affecting several reproductive parameters in fish, the aim of this study was to provide an integral assessment of the potential effect of FLX on the reproductive axis of the Neotropical freshwater fish Cichlasoma dimerus...
December 25, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030455/it-is-not-just-lipids-proatherogenic-vs-antiatherogenic-roles-for-amino-acids-in-macrophage-foam-cell-formation
#15
Oren Rom, Michael Aviram
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024618/comparison-between-pcl-hydroxyapatite-ha-and-pcl-halloysite-nanotube-hnt-composite-scaffolds-prepared-by-co-extrusion-and-gas-foaming
#16
Xin Jing, Hao-Yang Mi, Lih-Sheng Turng
In this work, three-dimensional poly(caprolactone) (PCL) tissue engineering scaffolds were prepared by co-extrusion and gas foaming. Biocompatible hydroxyapatite (HA) and halloysite nanotubes (HNT) were added to the polymer matrix to enhance the mechanical properties and bioactivity of the composite scaffolds. The effects of HA and HNT on the rheological behavior, microstructure, and mechanical properties of the composite scaffolds were systematically compared. It was found that the HNT improved viscosity more significantly than HA, and reduced the pore size of scaffolds, while the mechanical performance of PCL/HNT scaffolds was higher than PCL/HA scaffolds with the same filler content...
March 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024612/fabrication-of-a-three-dimensional-%C3%AE-tricalcium-phosphate-gelatin-containing-chitosan-based-nanoparticles-for-sustained-release-of-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-implication-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#17
Farshid Bastami, Zahrasadat Paknejad, Maissa Jafari, Majid Salehi, Maryam Rezai Rad, Arash Khojasteh
Fabrication of an ideal scaffold having proper composition, physical structure and able to have sustained release of growth factors still is challenging for bone tissue engineering. Current study aimed to design an appropriate three-dimensional (3-D) scaffold with suitable physical characteristics, including proper compressive strength, degradation rate, porosity, and able to sustained release of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP2), for bone tissue engineering. A highly porous 3-D β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) scaffolds, inside of which two perpendicular canals were created, was fabricated using foam-casting technique...
March 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017870/biocompatibility-and-bioactivity-of-porous-polymer-derived-ca-mg-silicate-ceramics
#18
L Fiocco, S Li, M M Stevens, E Bernardo, J R Jones
: Magnesium is a trace element in the human body, known to have important effects on cell differentiation and the mineralisation of calcified tissues. This study aimed to synthesise highly porous Ca-Mg silicate foamed scaffolds from preceramic polymers, with analysis of their biological response. Akermanite (Ak) and wollastonite-diopside (WD) ceramic foams were obtained from the pyrolysis of a liquid silicone mixed with reactive fillers. The porous structure was obtained by controlled water release from selected fillers (magnesium hydroxide and borax) at 350 °C...
December 22, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012603/overexpressed-pltp-in-macrophage-may-promote-cholesterol-accumulation-by-prolonged-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress
#19
Xinquan Yang, Yang Yu, Daxin Wang, Shucun Qin
It is well known that phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) is involved in the lipid metabolism and development of atherosclerosis (AS). Abundant PLTP is considered to be expressed on the foam cells derived from monocyte/macrophages in atherosclerotic plaques, suggesting that high level of active PLTP may promote the formation of foam cells. However, the exact role of PLTP on the process of macrophage derived foam cell formation remains unclear. The accumulation of free cholesterol (FC) in the cytoplasm may lead to the prolonged endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERs) and the imbalance of intracellular cholesterol homeostasis...
January 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011212/ppar%C3%AE-in-macrophages-and-atherosclerosis
#20
REVIEW
G Chinetti-Gbaguidi, B Staels
Macrophages are central cells in the genesis and development of atherosclerosis, one of the major causes of cardiovascular diseases. Macrophages take up lipids (mainly cholesterol and triglycerides) from lipoproteins thus transforming into foam cells. Moreover, through the efflux pathway, macrophages are the main actors of the elimination of excessive tissue cholesterol toward extra-cellular acceptors. Macrophages participate in the control of inflammation by displaying different functional phenotypes, from the M1 pro-inflammatory to the M2 anti-inflammatory state...
December 21, 2016: Biochimie
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