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cardio pulmonary resuscitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228110/a-nationwide-survey-of-first-aid-training-and-encounters-in-norway
#1
Håkon Kvåle Bakke, Tine Steinvik, Johan Angell, Torben Wisborg
BACKGROUND: Bystander first aid can improve survival following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest or trauma. Thus, providing first aid education to laypersons may lead to better outcomes. In this study, we aimed to establish the prevalence and distribution of first aid training in the populace, how often first aid skills are needed, and self-reported helping behaviour. METHODS: We conducted a telephone survey of 1000 respondents who were representative of the Norwegian population...
February 23, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123162/cardiac-sarcoidosis-diagnosed-by-incidental-lymph-node-biopsy
#2
Jun Matsuda, Katsuhito Fujiu, Solji Roh, Miyu Tajima, Hisataka Maki, Toshiya Kojima, Tetsuo Ushiku, Kan Nawata, Norihiko Takeda, Masafumi Watanabe, Hiroshi Akazawa, Issei Komuro
Cardiac involvement in systemic sarcoidosis sometimes provokes life-threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmia. Steroid administration is one of the fundamental anti-arrhythmia therapies. For an indication of steroid therapy, a definitive diagnosis of sarcoidosis is required.(1)) However, cases that are clearly suspected of cardiac sarcoidosis based on their clinical courses sometimes do not meet the current diagnostic criteria and result in the loss of an appropriate opportunity to perform steroid therapy.Here we report a case that was diagnosed as sarcoidosis by incidental biopsy of an inguinal lymph node during cardiac resuscitation for cardiac tamponade...
February 7, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092783/pulmonary-emboli-cardiac-arrest-with-cpr-complication-liver-laceration-and-massive-abdominal-bleed-a-case-report
#3
John Lundqvist, Jan G Jakobsson
INTRODUCTION: Massive pulmonary emboli may cause right ventricular failure and backward stasis with parenchymal organ swelling thus increasing the risk for laceration, e.g. if CPR is needed. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 28-year-old Colombian female with no medical history but taking contraceptive pills and having had a recent longer flight was admitted to Danderyds hospital Emergency Department because of respiratory failure. She developed cardiac arrest in the emergence department following the emergent diagnosis of pulmonary emboli...
January 3, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042009/so-you-want-to-conduct-a-randomised-trial-learnings-from-a-failed-feasibility-study-of-a-crisis-resource-management-prompt-during-simulated-paediatric-resuscitation
#4
Rachel Teis, Jyai Allen, Nigel Lee, Sue Kildea
BACKGROUND: No study has tested a Crisis Resource Management prompt on resuscitation performance. METHODS: We conducted a feasibility, unblinded, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial at one Australian paediatric hospital (June-September 2014). Eligible participants were any doctor, nurse, or nurse manager who would normally be involved in a Medical Emergency Team simulation. The unit of block randomisation was one of six scenarios (3 control:3 intervention) with or without a verbal prompt...
February 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993632/ecmo-cardio-pulmonary-resuscitation-ecpr-trends-in-survival-from-an-international-multicentre-cohort-study-over-12-years
#5
Alexander Sacha C Richardson, Matthieu Schmidt, Michael Bailey, Vincent A Pellegrino, Peter T Rycus, David V Pilcher
BACKGROUND: Use of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) is increasingly being deployed as an adjunct to conventional CPR. It is unknown if this has been associated with improved outcomes. AIMS: To describe trends in survival and patient demographics for ECPR patients in the international Extracorporeal Life Support Organisation (ELSO) database over the past 12 years and identify factors associated with changes in survival...
March 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968964/-evolution-of-the-nurse-s-role-in-the-management-of-a-cardiac-arrest
#6
Florian Loosli, Alice Hutin, Hugues Lefort, Pierre Carli, Lionel Lamhaut
In France, there are 40 000 sudden deaths each year and the cardiac arrest survival rate is less than 10%. The arrival of extracorporeal cardio pulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) offers hope in the event of refractory cardiac arrest in prehospital care. Extending ECPR programmes requires more scientific evidence, training and an evolution of the role of paramedics.
November 2016: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924681/factors-associated-with-30-day-mortality-in-elderly-inpatients-with-community-acquired-pneumonia-during-2-influenza-seasons
#7
Núria Torner, Conchita Izquierdo, Núria Soldevila, Diana Toledo, Judith Chamorro, Elena Espejo, Amelia Fernández-Sierra, Angela Domínguez
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) refers to pneumonia unrelated to hospitals or extended-care facilities. The aim of this study was to determine factors associated with 30-day mortality in patients with CAP aged ≥ 65 y admitted to 20 hospitals in 7 Spanish regions during the 2013-14 and 2014-15 influenza seasons. Logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with 30-day mortality. The adjusted model included variables selected by backward elimination with a cut off of < 0.02. A total of 1928 CAP cases were recorded; 60...
February 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889623/training-needs-of-clinical-nurses-at-an-university-hospital-in-turkey
#8
Emine Kol, Emine İlaslan, Mehtap Turkay
The learning needs of clinical nurses should be determined and evaluated at regular intervals for evaluate the continuity and the efficiency of education. The descriptive study was conducted to determine the training needs of nurses working in an educational hospital between February 1st 2012 and May 1st 2012. It was determined that, among the training topics related to patient care, those demanded the most were cardio-pulmonary resuscitation, fluid-electrolyte balance, safe drug administration and wound Care...
January 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821827/-surgically-managed-flail-chest-caused-by-resuscitation
#9
Sonofu Taketani, Yoshifumi Makimoto, Masafumi Kunitake, Tomoyuki Anegawa
A 84-year-old man who had experienced cardiac arrest in the ambulance was brought to the emergency room. He had been followed at outpatient after surgery for colon cancer and known to be suffered from mild renal impairment. The cardio pulmonary arrest was likely to be caused by acute exacerbation of that. He was resuscitated and immediately recovered without severe hypoxic encephalopathy or deterioration of renal function. However, the flail chest by manual cardiac compression sustained. It urged him to be managed under the ventilator and he seemed difficult to leave from that within a couple of weeks...
November 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771688/bystander-cardio-pulmonary-resuscitation-saves-life-in-a-patient-with-short-qt-syndrome
#10
Pradeep Kumar Sharma, Neeraj Awasthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 8, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729072/a-study-on-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-on-advanced-life-support-among-medical-students-and-medical-officers-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-sri-lanka
#11
Dissanayake Mudiyanselage Priyantha Udaya Kumara Ralapanawa, Kushalee Poornima Jayawickreme, Ekanayake Mudiyanselage Madhushanka Ekanayake, Pallegoda Vithanage Ranjith Kumarasiri
BACKGROUND: Advanced life support (ALS) and cardio pulmonary resuscitation, provided at the right time is essential for improving mortality in medical emergencies. Accurate knowledge and skills on this regard, in all medical personals is an essential part of medical education and it should be up to date with varying protocols. The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge and attitudes among the undergraduate medical students and medical officers in the Teaching Hospital Peradeniya and provide suggestions to improve the training programme on ALS...
October 12, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725150/anesthesia-specific-differences-in-a-cardio-pulmonary-resuscitation-rat-model-halothane-versus-sevoflurane
#12
Torben Esser, Gerburg Keilhoff, Uwe Ebmeyer
OBJECTIVE: Our asphyxia cardiac arrest (ACA) rat model is well established. The original model was designed in the 1990(th) using halothane and nitrous oxide for pre-insult anesthesia. Because of its hepato-toxicity and its potential to induce severe liver failures, halothane is no longer used in clinical anesthesia for several years. In order to minimize the health risk for our laboratory staff as well as to keep the experimental settings of our model on a clinically oriented basis we decided to replace halothane by sevoflurane...
October 7, 2016: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688672/predictors-of-cardio-pulmonary-resuscitation-outcome-in-postoperative-cardiac-children
#13
Bana Agha Nasser, Julinar Idris, Abdu Rahman Mesned, Tageldein Mohamad, Mohamed S Kabbani, Ali Alakfash
BACKGROUND: Outcomes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in children with congenital heart disease have improved and many children have survived after an in-hospital cardiac arrest. AIM: The purpose of this study is to determine predictors of poor outcome after CPR in critical children undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review and data analysis of all CPR records and charts of all postoperative cardiac children who had a cardiac arrest and required resuscitation from 2011 until 2015...
October 2016: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668205/aortic-dissection-accompanied-by-preeclampsia-in-a-postpartum-young-woman
#14
Jin-Wan Park, Su-Mi Kim, Gyu-Bong Yu, Yun-Dan Kang
Aortic dissection is very rare in obstetrics, but it is a fatal disease. A 37-weeks primigravida woman with dyspnea and pitting edema presented to our emergency room. The patient was diagnosed with preeclampsia and underwent an emergency cesarean section under spinal anesthesia. The patient complained of severe dyspnea after the cesarean section, and the chest computed tomography scan was done. With the finding of aortic dissection, cardiopulmonary arrest occurred 5 hours after the cesarean section, and the patient died without reaction to cardio-pulmonary resuscitation...
September 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666885/-clinical-investigation-of-temporary-heart-pacemaker-for-emergency-treatment-of-patients-with-acute-and-severe-cardiovascular-diseases
#15
W W He, Y J Chu
Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of temporary heart pacemaker for emergency treatment of patients with acute and severe cardiovascular diseases. Methods: The clinical data of 147 patients with cardiac arrest or bradyarrhythmia from August 2007 to December 2015, was analyzed retrospectively in Department of internal and Emergency Medicine, People's Hospital of Henan. Based on the rescue methods, all patients were divided into two groups: observation group (80 cases, among whom, 49 cases with cardiac arrest and 31 cases with bradyarrhythmia) and control group (67 cases, among whom 39 cases with cardiac arrest and 28 cases with bradyarrhythmia)...
September 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662348/prognostic-factors-for-outcomes-of-in-flight-sudden-cardiac-arrest-on-commercial-airlines
#16
Paulo M Alves, Charles A DeJohn, Eduard M Ricaurte, William D Mills
BACKGROUND: In-flight cardiac arrest (IFCA) is a relatively rare but challenging event. Outcomes and prognostic factors are not entirely understood for victims of IFCAs in commercial aviation. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of airline passengers who experienced IFCA. Demographic and operational variables were studied to identify association in a multivariate logistic regression model with the outcome of survival-to-hospital. In-flight medical emergencies were processed by a ground-based medical center...
2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624108/-emphysematous-pyelonephritis-with-cardio-pulmonary-arrest-a-case-report
#17
Gaku Yamamichi, Koichi Tsutahara, Sohei Kuribayashi, Masataka Kawamura, Kosuke Nakano, Nozomu Kishimoto, Go Tanigawa, Asako Matsushima, Satoshi Fujimi, Tetsuya Takao, Seiji Yamaguchi
A 40-year-old woman withuntreated type II diabetes mellitus was discovered withcardiopulmonary arrest in her room. On admission, she had ventricular fibrillation. After cardiopulmonary resuscitation, her own pulse restarted. The plasma glucose was 722 mg/dl and venous PH was 6.704. Abdominal computed tomography revealed gas within the parenchyma of the left kidney. We diagnosed her with emphysematous pyelonephritis and conducted emergency nephrectomy. Urinary and blood cultures were positive for Escherichia coli...
August 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478148/cpr-induced-consciousness-a-cross-sectional-study-of-healthcare-practitioners-experience
#18
Alexander Olaussen, Matthew Shepherd, Ziad Nehme, Karen Smith, Paul A Jennings, Stephen Bernard, Biswadev Mitra
INTRODUCTION: Consciousness may occur during effective management of cardiac arrest and ranges from eye opening to interfering with rescuers' resuscitation attempts. Reported cases in the medical literature appear scant compared to anecdotal reports. The aim of this study was to evaluate health care providers' experience with consciousness during cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 100 experienced health care professionals, including doctors, nurses and paramedics...
November 2016: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465304/epidemiology-and-outcomes-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-in-a-developing-country-a-multicenter-cohort-study
#19
Minaz Mawani, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Iqbal Azam, Amber Mehmood, Bryan McNally, Kent Stevens, Rozina Nuruddin, Mohammad Ishaq, Junaid Abdul Razzak
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is one of the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. Overall survival after an OHCA has been reported to be poor and limited studies have been conducted in developing countries. We aimed to investigate the rates of survival from OHCA and explore components of the chain of survival in a developing country. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter prospective cohort study in the emergency departments (ED) of five major public and private sector hospitals of Karachi, Pakistan from January 2013 to April 2013...
July 28, 2016: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465303/pulmonary-embolism-with-floating-right-atrial-thrombus-successfully-treated-with-streptokinase-a-case-report
#20
Sahela Nasrin, Fathima Aaysha Cader, Md Salahuddin, Tahera Nazrin, Masuma Jannat Shafi
BACKGROUND: Massive pulmonary embolism (PE) is associated with significant mortality, especially if compounded by haemodynamic instability, right ventricular (RV) dysfunction and right atrial (RA) thrombus. Thrombolysis can be lifesaving in patients with major embolism and cardiogenic shock, and accelerates the resolution of thrombus. Only three fibrinolytic agents-namely streptokinase, urokinase, and recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (alteplase) have been approved in the treatment of PE, with studies demonstrating similar safety profiles...
July 28, 2016: BMC Research Notes
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