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Circle of security intervention

Sai Bi, Shuzhen Yue, Qiang Wu, Jiayan Ye
Here we program an initiator-catalyzed self-assembly of duplex-looped DNA hairpin motif based on strand displacement reaction. Due to the recycling of initiator and performance in a cascade manner, this system is versatilely extended to logic operations, including the construction of concatenated logic circuits with a feedback function and a biocomputing keypad-lock security system. Compared with previously reported molecular security systems, the prominent feature of our keypad lock is that it can be spontaneously reset and recycled with no need of any external stimulus and human intervention...
September 15, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Anna Huber, Catherine A McMahon, Naomi Sweller
Circle of Security is an attachment theory based intervention that aims to promote secure parent-child attachment relationships. Despite extensive uptake of the approach, there is limited empirical evidence regarding efficacy. The current study examined whether participation in the 20-week Circle of Security intervention resulted in positive caregiver-child relationship change in four domains: caregiver reflective functioning; caregiver representations of the child and the relationship with the child; child attachment security, and attachment disorganization...
November 2015: Infant Mental Health Journal
Anna Huber, Catherine McMahon, Naomi Sweller
This study examined the efficacy of the attachment-based Circle of Security 20-week intervention in improving child behavioural and emotional functioning. Participants were 83 parents of children (1-7 years) referred to a clinical service with concerns about their young children's behaviour. Parents (and teachers, when available) completed questionnaires assessing child protective factors, behavioural concerns, internalizing and externalizing problems, prior to and immediately after the intervention. The following were considered as potential moderators: child gender and age, parent representations, reflective functioning, child attachment indices and severity of presenting problems, prior to treatment...
2015: Attachment & Human Development
Chiara Pazzagli, Loredana Laghezza, Francesca Manaresi, Claudia Mazzeschi, Bert Powell
The Circle of Security Parenting (COS-P) is an early attachment based intervention that can be used with groups, dyads, and individuals. Created in the USA and now used in many countries, COS-P is a visually based approach that demonstrates its central principles through videos of parent/child interactions. The core purpose of the COS-P is to provide an opportunity for caregivers to reflect on their child's needs and on the challenges each parent faces in meeting those needs. Even though there is a wide range of clinical settings in which child/parent attachment is an important component of assessment there is limited empirical data on when and how attachment based interventions are appropriate for specific clinical profiles and contexts...
2014: Frontiers in Psychology
Brigitte Ramsauer, Annett Lotzin, Christine Mühlhan, Georg Romer, Tobias Nolte, Peter Fonagy, Bert Powell
BACKGROUND: Psychopathology in women after childbirth represents a significant risk factor for parenting and infant mental health. Regarding child development, these infants are at increased risk for developing unfavorable attachment strategies to their mothers and for subsequent behavioral, emotional and cognitive impairments throughout childhood. To date, the specific efficacy of an early attachment-based parenting group intervention under standard clinical outpatient conditions, and the moderators and mediators that promote attachment security in infants of mentally ill mothers, have been poorly evaluated...
2014: BMC Psychiatry
Duncan Porter, James Dale, Naveed Sattar
Treat-to-target strategies have been widely adopted as the standard of care for the management of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The concept of 'tight control' is prevalent in other disciplines, particularly in diabetes and cardiovascular risk management. In these disciplines, evidence has accumulated that the utility of tight control strategies must be carefully weighed against the disutility that may arise from multiple interventions, particularly in patients at low risk. There is a lively debate in rheumatology circles about whether treatment should be targeted at achieving low disease activity, clinical remission or imaging remission...
March 2014: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Ferdinand M Gerlach, Joachim Szecsenyi
BACKGROUND AND RESEARCH QUESTION: Pursuant to Section 73b, volume V of the German Social Security Code (SGB V), the agreement on family doctor-centred care (HzV), which went into effect in Baden-Wuerttemberg on July 1, 2008, provides for spatially inclusive and comprehensive medical coverage. The most important elements of the agreement are: the voluntary registration of family practices and patients, the strengthening of the coordinative function of family practices, the fulfilment of certain training, quality and qualification requirements, the standardised remuneration system and the use of specified practice software for billing and the prescription of drugs...
2013: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
G Bouras, E Lazaratou
Trauma comes as a result of the subject's exposure to extremely negative and stressful events, such as natural or human-provoked catastrophes, wars, serious injuries, violent deaths, tortures, terrorist attacks, rapes and other sexual crimes. A child's exposure to traumatic circumstances of this level during the crucial period of self-structuring creates rather difficult conditions for its development. Moreover, if the child does not have the opportunity to elaborate and analyze all these stressful conditions and put them into words, serious consequences, both psychological and somatic, may occur in adult life...
June 2012: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
O Giotakos
Most studies investigating the effects of the economic crisis on the quality of life indicate a correlation between unemployment or other economic indexes and the general levels of death rates, depression, and suicide tendencies. The most common effects of an economic crisis are unemployment, spending power cuts, general insecurity and public spending retrenchment, including health related budget cuts. Under conditions of economic crisis, the poor represent a high risk group since they are the first ones to be put at risk...
July 2010: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
Brigitte Ramsauer, Julia Gehrke, Annett Lotzin, Bert Powell, Georg Romer
Since the early sixties empirical research into early childhood and the parent-infant relationship has increased, commonly informed by attachment theory. The mutually regulated interaction within the attachment and care giving relationship of mother and infant gives this relationship its exceptional emotional quality. Early attachment experiences organize socio-emotional and cognitive development beyond childhood. Attachment theory and research define observable behaviors and the level of internal representations as an intervening variable of the transmission of attachment patterns between mother and child...
2011: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
Lily Lee, Chryne Griffiths, Patricia Glossop, Valsamma Eapen
OBJECTIVE: Using three case studies, this paper describes the development and evaluation of 'The Boomerangs Aboriginal Circle of Security Parenting Camp Program', which is a clinical intervention based on an attachment framework using the Circle of Security and Marte Meo, and drawing on traditional Aboriginal culture. METHODS: Three mothers from an Aboriginal Australian background with preschool age children attended the 20-session Boomerangs Program, including an initial camp and a second camp after 6 weeks...
December 2010: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Jude Cassidy, Yair Ziv, Brandi Stupica, Laura J Sherman, Heidi Butler, Andrea Karfgin, Glen Cooper, Kent T Hoffman, Bert Powell
Pregnant female offenders face multiple adversities that make successful parenting difficult. As a result, their children are at risk of developing insecure attachment and attachment disorganization, both of which are associated with an increased likelihood of poor developmental outcomes. We evaluated the outcomes of participants in Tamar's Children, a 15-month jail-diversion intervention for pregnant, nonviolent offenders with a history of substance abuse. All women received extensive wrap-around social services as well as the Circle of Security Perinatal Protocol (Cooper, Hoffman, & Powell, 2003)...
July 2010: Attachment & Human Development
Piotr Köhler
Lysenkoism in Poland was never an autonomous phenomenon. The whole array of reasons for which it appeared in Polish science would require a separate study--here it only needs to be pointed out that the major reasons included terror on the part of the security service, lawlessness, the ubiquitous atmosphere of intimidation and terror, censorship, the diminishing sphere of civil liberties, political show trials, propaganda and denunciations. An important role in facilitating the introduction of Lysenkoism was played also by the reorganization of science after World War Two, the isolation of Polish science from science in the West, as well as the damage it had suffered during the war...
2008: Kwartalnik Historii Nauki i Techniki: Kwartal'nyĭ Zhurnal Istorii Nauki i Tekhniki -
Kent T Hoffman, Robert S Marvin, Glen Cooper, Bert Powell
The Circle of Security intervention uses a group treatment modality to provide parent education and psychotherapy that is based on attachment theory. The purpose of this study was to track changes in children's attachment classifications pre- and immediately postintervention. Participants were 65 toddler- or preschooler- caregiver dyads recruited from Head Start and Early Head Start programs. As predicted, there were significant within-subject changes from disorganized to organized attachment classifications, with a majority changing to the secure classification...
December 2006: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
J Gay, P Bergeron
AIM: Carotid stenting (CS) has proved to be a safe alternative to carotid endarterectomy, and subsets of patients who may benefit from carotid stents rather than surgery still need to be defined. Randomized trials and individual series are looking at predicting factors of early outcome after carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) that can hardly be applied to all series. We analyzed early results of the Eurocast registry and discussed the potential role of multicentric registries in determining such outcome predictors...
April 2006: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Robert Marvin, Glen Cooper, Kent Hoffman, Bert Powell
The Circle of Security intervention protocol is a 20-week, group-based, parent education and psychotherapy intervention designed to shift patterns of attachment-caregiving interactions in high-risk caregiver-child dyads to a more appropriate developmental pathway. All phases of the protocol, including the pre- and post-intervention assessments, and the intervention itself, are based on attachment theory and procedures, current research on early relationships, and object relations theory. Using edited videotapes of their interactions with their children, caregivers are encouraged: 1...
April 2002: Attachment & Human Development
W Jansson, B Almberg, M Grafström, B Winblad
Home care for cognitively impaired elderly puts tremendous stress and burden on their families. Therefore it is important to search for effective care models in order to provide support for this group. In this study, an intervention model--the Circle Model--was developed, tested and evaluated in six places in Sweden. The model is unique in that family caregivers and volunteers were trained together in study circles. After their training, the volunteers replaced the caregivers in the homes on a regular basis, which permitted the caregivers some relief from the demands of caregiving...
October 1998: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
P Biro
A marked decrease in both personal and environmental pollution with anaesthetic gases as well as in costs is possible with anaesthesia machines which can be run with a low fresh gas flow (FGF) [9]. Low-flow anaesthesia can be performed with appropriately equipped circle systems, although strongly reduced FGF minimises the control of depth of anaesthesia and gas concentrations. Microprocessor-controlled feedback systems allow the utilisation of closed-circuit systems throughout the whole duration of anaesthesia, maintaining full anaesthetic control [3,5]...
September 1993: Der Anaesthesist
E Lefeuvre
Intervention of Police Forces in France in the Family Setting When Child Abuse and Neglect are Noticed. French police forces, in charge of safety of persons and effects, are accustomed to intervening in family circles when child abuse occurs, and, also, each time a child's security and health are seriously threatened. They can intervene on their own, or respond to orders from an attorney or judge for children (Procureur de la République, Juge d'Instruction, Juge des Enfants). Their investigation is more easily accomplished when child abuse and neglect have just been discovered and traces of violence are still noticeable (Flagrant délit)...
1982: Child Abuse & Neglect
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