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Children of parents with mental illness

Divya Ballal, Janardhana Navaneetham
BACKGROUND: Children of parents with mental illness are not routinely included in psychoeducational and supportive family interventions provided by adult mental health systems. The family, therefore, is an important and, sometimes, the only source of information and support for them. AIM: To understand the experiences of well parents in talking to their children about parental mental illness. METHOD: This article presents the findings of a qualitative study of the experiences of well parents in talking to their children about parental mental illness...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Qiong Wu, Christina Dalman, Håkan Karlsson, Glyn Lewis, David P J Osborn, Renee Gardner, Joseph F Hayes
Background: Mounting evidence implicates early life and prenatal immune disturbances in the etiology of severe mental illnesses. Asthma is a common illness associated with chronic aberrant immune responses. We aimed to determine if asthma in childhood and parents is associated with bipolar and schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Methods: A cohort study including all children born in Sweden 1973-1995 (N > 2 million) assessing associations between childhood hospitalization for asthma, parental asthma during and pre-pregnancy, and subsequent bipolar and schizophrenia spectrum disorders...
March 9, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Jason M Nagata, Sejal Hathi, B Jane Ferguson, Michele J Hindin, Sachiyo Yoshida, David A Ross
Background: In order to clarify priorities and stimulate research in adolescent health in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), the World Health Organization (WHO) conducted two priority-setting exercises based on the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative (CHNRI) methodology related to 1) adolescent sexual and reproductive health and 2) eight areas of adolescent health including communicable diseases prevention and management, injuries and violence, mental health, non-communicable diseases management, nutrition, physical activity, substance use, and health policy...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
Priscila Caçola, Michael Killian
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: One of the major concerns for Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) are the mental and physical consequences of the condition, especially as they relate to quality of life factors. Here, we examined health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in children with DCD, determined the association between two standardized parent reports, and compared HRQOL of our sample with DCD with the normative sample of each assessment for typically developing (TD) children and a sample of children with chronic health conditions...
February 23, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Jenny H Conviser, Sheehan D Fisher, Susanna A McColley
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric chronic illnesses (CI) can affect a child's mental health. Chronic illnesses with treatment regimens that specify a therapeutic diet may place the child at increased risk for disordered eating and specific eating disorders (ED). The aim of this review is to examine the relation between diet-treated CI and disordered eating and to determine the order of onset to infer directionality. Diet-treated CI is hypothesized to precede and to be associated with disordered eating...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Mingyi Chen, Rebecca E Lacey
BACKGROUND: The relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACE) and poorer health across the life course is well established. Increased chronic inflammation might be one mechanism through which these associations operate. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between ACE and adult inflammation using a prospective longitudinal study. We also investigated whether associations were explained by life course socioeconomic, psychological and health behavioural factors, and whether associations differed by gender...
February 16, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Kuan-Ying Lee, Chung-Yi Li, Kun-Chia Chang, Tsung-Hsueh Lu, Ying-Yeh Chen
BACKGROUND: We investigated the age at exposure to parental suicide and the risk of subsequent suicide completion in young people. The impact of parental and offspring sex was also examined. METHOD: Using a cohort study design, we linked Taiwan's Birth Registry (1978-1997) with Taiwan's Death Registry (1985-2009) and identified 40,249 children who had experienced maternal suicide (n = 14,431), paternal suicide (n = 26,887), or the suicide of both parents (n = 281)...
January 2018: Crisis
Eileen M Condon, Lois S Sadler, Linda C Mayes
Exposure to stressful environments in early childhood can cause a toxic stress response and lead to poor health outcomes, including obesity, cardiac disease, diabetes, and mental illness. In animals and maltreated children, the presence of a nurturing caregiver can buffer against the physiological disruptions associated with a toxic stress response; however, the specific caregiver and parenting characteristics that best promote a protective relationship in humans remain largely unexplored, particularly in families living in high-risk environments...
February 14, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Geraldine Macdonald, Fiona Alderdice, Mike Clarke, Oliver Perra, Fiona Lynn, Theresa McShane, Sharon Millen
Background: Children born to mothers who experience social complexity (e.g. substance misuse, intimate partner violence, mental ill health, a history of maltreatment) are at increased risk for a range of adverse outcomes at birth and during development. Home visiting programmes have been advocated as a strategy for improving outcomes for disadvantaged mothers and children, such as the Nurse-Family Partnership for young, socially disadvantaged first-time mothers. However, no evidence-based programme is available for multiparous women or older first-time mothers...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Christina Mangurian, Wendy Packman, Nicholas S Riano, Julia Kearney
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric bone marrow transplants represent a medically stressful, potentially traumatic experience for children and caregivers, and psychological support for parental caregivers is paramount to their long-term well-being. However, many medical centers do not have protocols in place to sustain caregiver well-being during these distressing experiences. METHOD: We report on a case of a 10-month-old infant with Wiskott Aldrich Syndrome who was hospitalized for bone marrow transplantation...
January 30, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
Rebecca B Lawn, Emma L Anderson, Matthew Suderman, Andrew J Simpkin, Tom R Gaunt, Andrew E Teschendorff, Martin Widschwendter, Rebecca Hardy, Diana Kuh, Caroline L Relton, Laura D Howe
Psychosocial adversity in childhood (e.g. abuse) and low socioeconomic position (SEP) can have significant lasting effects on social and health outcomes. DNA methylation-based biomarkers are highly correlated with chronological age; departures of methylation-predicted age from chronological age can be used to define a measure of age acceleration, which may represent a potential biological mechanism linking environmental exposures to later health outcomes. Using data from two cohorts of women (the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, ALSPAC, N = 989 and MRC National Survey of Health and Development, NSHD, N = 773), we assessed associations of SEP, psychosocial adversity in childhood (parental physical or mental illness or death, parental separation, parental absence, sub-optimal maternal bonding, sexual, emotional and physical abuse and neglect) and a cumulative score of these psychosocial adversity measures, with DNA methylation age acceleration in adulthood (measured in peripheral blood at mean chronological ages 29 and 47 in ALSPAC and buccal cells at age 53 in NSHD)...
January 22, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
Michael Lowery Wilson, Olli Tenovuo, Mika Gissler, Simo Saarijärvi
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether parental mental illness has implications for child risk for traumatic brain injuries (TBI). METHOD: Data on 60 069 Finnish children born in 1987 and their parents were examined for demographic and mental health-related variables in relationship with paediatric TBI. Altogether, 15 variables were derived from the cohort data with ICD-10 F-codes being available for mental health diagnoses for all parents. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were carried out using inpatient and outpatient diagnoses of child TBI...
January 23, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Philippe Conus, Charlène Tripalo, Christel Vaudan, Pascale Ferrari, Pierre Lequin, Charles Bonsack
Children of patients with psychiatric disorders are at higher risk to develop a psychiatric illness. In addition, phases of crisis and hospitalization of the parent are often traumatizing to the children, especially during childhood. Although a specific offer to face these issues is compulsory in some countries, such is not the case in Switzerland. In this paper we describe the implementation of a special offer for children of parents with mental illness (Famille +) in the service of general psychiatry at the Department of psychiatry of the Lausanne University hospital in Switzerland...
January 10, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
Kimberlie Dean, Melissa J Green, Kristin R Laurens, Maina Kariuki, Stacy Tzoumakis, Titia Sprague, Rhoshel Lenroot, Vaughan J Carr
BACKGROUND: The intergenerational risk for mental illness is well established within diagnostic categories, but the risk is unlikely to respect diagnostic boundaries and may be reflected more broadly in early life vulnerabilities. We aimed to establish patterns of association between externalising and internalising vulnerabilities in early childhood and parental mental disorder across the full spectrum of diagnoses. METHODS: A cohort of Australian children (n = 69 116) entering the first year of school in 2009 were assessed using the Australian Early Development Census, providing measures of externalising and internalising vulnerability...
January 14, 2018: Psychological Medicine
Kimberly C Arthur, Barbara A Lucenko, Irina V Sharkova, Jingping Xing, Rita Mangione-Smith
PURPOSE: Screening for social determinants of health is challenging but critically important for optimizing child health outcomes. We aimed to test the feasibility of using an integrated state agency administrative database to identify social complexity risk factors and examined their relationship to emergency department (ED) use. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study among children younger than 18 years with Washington State Medicaid insurance coverage (N = 505,367)...
January 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
Kristianna Dam, Durita G Joensen, Elisabeth O C Hall
INTRODUCTION: An estimated 23% of children worldwide live with a parent experiencing mental illness. These children are exposed to emotional and psychosocial challenges. Little is known about these children when living in small-scale societies. AIM: To explore how adults, who as children lived with parents experiencing mental illness in a small-scale society, recalled their childhood life. METHOD: Individual interviews with 11 adults were analysed using content analysis...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Patricia Wahl, Christina Otto, Albert Lenz
Stigmatization of mental illness is a societal problem, and is also relevant for help-seeking. In a qualitative interview study, the role of stigma in help-seeking was examined from the perspective of parents with mental illness, their children and other relatives. Parents with mental illness assigned an important role to stigma for help-seeking processes. Children rarely made explicit statements about this, but an implicit awareness of stigma can be assumed.
December 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
Nancy E Reichman, Hope Corman, Kelly Noonan, Manuel E Jiménez
Objective To investigate the extent to which disabling infant health conditions are associated with adverse childhood experiences at age 5. Methods We conducted a secondary analysis of data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a national urban birth cohort. We estimated logistic regression models of associations between the presence of a disabling infant health condition and the child's ACE exposures at age 5, controlling for factors that preceded the child's birth, including the mother's sociodemographic characteristics, physical health, mental illness, and substance abuse and the parents' criminal justice system involvement and domestic violence or sexual abuse...
December 28, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Marija Burgić Radmanović, Sanela Burgić
Most mental disorders begin during developmental age. Different misinformation about mental illnesses cause anxiety, create stereotypes and promote stigma. Stigma has been identified as a likely key factor in mental health services access and utilization, particularly under-utilization of existing services especially in children with mental disorders. Stigma is a problem with which parents / carers face child emotional and behavioral problems when they seek professional help. Very often they avoid to seek professional help due to existing stigmatized attitudes leading to lack of treatment...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
Jean Golding, Steven Gregory, Yasmin Iles-Caven, Stephen Nowicki
Background: External locus of control orientation (ELOC) is a powerful predictor of adverse consequences in regard to health, educational attainment, inter-personal relationships and well-being. Although many cross-sectional studies have been carried out, relatively little is known about antecedent factors influencing the development of ELOC. Methods: Over 12,000 pregnant women who enrolled in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) in south-west England, had completed a brief version of the Adult Nowicki-Strickland Internal-External LOC scale, together with detailed questions concerning their own parents and childhood...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
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