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Children of parents with mental illness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204921/the-impact-of-parental-offending-on-offspring-aggression-in-early-childhood-a-population-based-record-linkage-study
#1
Stacy Tzoumakis, Kimberlie Dean, Melissa J Green, Catherine Zheng, Maina Kariuki, Felicity Harris, Vaughan J Carr, Kristin R Laurens
PURPOSE: To examine the impact of parental criminal offending, both paternal and maternal, on offspring aggression at age 5 years, while also considering key risk factors, including parental mental illness, child's sex, and socioeconomic disadvantage. METHODS: The sample comprised 69,116 children, with linked parental information, from the New South Wales Child Development Study, a population-based multi-agency, multi-generational record linkage study that combines information from a teacher-reported cross-sectional survey of early childhood development at age 5 years (the 2009 Australian Early Development Census; AEDC) with data obtained via administrative records from multiple sources (e...
February 15, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148235/trust-an-essential-condition-in-the-application-of-a-caregiver-support-intervention-in-nursing-practice
#2
Marian I Zegwaard, Marja J Aartsen, Mieke Hf Grypdonck, Pim Cuijpers
BACKGROUND: The recent policy of deinstitutionalization of health care in Western countries has resulted in a growing number of people - including elderly - with severe mental illness living in the community where they rely on families and others for support in daily living. Caregiving for partners, parents, children, and significant others can be a stressful experience and has been associated with psychosocial problems and poorer physical health. To support caregivers, a new, complex, nurse-led caregiver - centered intervention was developed...
February 2, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135626/increased-risk-for-mental-illness-injuries-and-violence-in-children-born-to-mothers-with-intellectual-disability-a-register-study-in-sweden-during-1999-2012
#3
Maria Wickström, Berit Höglund, Margareta Larsson, Maria Lundgren
Several studies have demonstrated that mothers with intellectual disability (ID) have a higher prevalence of mental health illness, lower socio-economic status, and a higher risk of alcohol and drug use compared to mothers without ID. The children of mothers with ID are over-represented in child protection and legal proceedings but are generally a less studied group than the mothers. The aim of this study was to investigate if children born to mothers with ID had an increased risk of being diagnosed with mental illness, injuries, and violence compared with children of mothers without ID...
January 27, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125983/fathers-views-and-experiences-of-their-own-mental-health-during-pregnancy-and-the-first-postnatal-year-a-qualitative-interview-study-of-men-participating-in-the-uk-born-and-bred-in-yorkshire-baby-cohort
#4
Z Darwin, P Galdas, S Hinchliff, E Littlewood, D McMillan, L McGowan, S Gilbody
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of fathers' depression and anxiety in the perinatal period (i.e. from conception to 1 year after birth) is approximately 5-10%, and 5-15%, respectively; their children face increased risk of adverse emotional and behavioural outcomes, independent of maternal mental health. Critically, fathers can be protective against the development of maternal perinatal mental health problems and their effects on child outcomes. Preventing and treating paternal mental health problems and promoting paternal psychological wellbeing may therefore benefit the family as a whole...
January 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125850/-health-care-situation-and-barriers-for-working-with-children-of-mentally-ill-parents-from-the-perspective-of-adult-psychiatry-in-germany-a-nationwide-survey
#5
Olga Wlodarczyk, Franka Metzner, Silke Pawils
Objective The aim of the present study was to assess the health care situation and barriers to support minor children of mentally ill parents from the perspective of adult psychiatry in Germany. Methods Based on the German Hospital Register mental health practitioners of all psychiatric clinics in Germany were asked to answer a 37-item questionnaire. Overall, 441 practitioners of 239 psychiatric clinics participated in the cross sectional study. Results Most important barriers were high workload, scarce resources, patient-focused treatment, missing expertise as well as insufficient awareness...
January 26, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093927/impact-of-social-disadvantage-and-parental-offending-on-rates-of-criminal-offending-among-offspring-of-women-with-severe-mental-illness
#6
Giulietta Maria Valuri, Frank Morgan, Assen Jablensky, Vera Anne Morgan
OBJECTIVE: Children of parents with severe mental illness have an increased risk of offending. Studies suggest that risk factors such as parental offending and social disadvantage may be associated with the increased risk. This paper assesses the impact of these risk factors on offending rates in the offspring of women with severe mental illness compared to offspring of unaffected women. METHODS: This is part of a longitudinal record-linked whole-population study of 467,945 children born in Western Australia from 1980 to 2001 to mothers with severe mental illness and mothers with no recorded psychiatric illness...
January 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060601/parents-caring-for-adult-children-with-serious-mental-illness
#7
Kathryn Y Raymond, Danny G Willis, Susan Sullivan-Bolyai
BACKGROUND: Parents often become the caregivers for their adult children with serious mental illness (SMI) due to the chronic and debilitating course of the illness and shortages in funding for community mental health services and residential placements. OBJECTIVE: To examine parents' management styles when caring for adult children with SMI and parents' perspectives on what type of community-based mental health interventions would support and/or enhance overall family functioning...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054164/are-different-professionals-ready-to-support-children-of-parents-with-mental-illness-evaluating-the-impact-of-a-pan-european-training-programme
#8
Giovanni Viganò, Marja Kaunonen, Peter Ryan, Wendy Simpson, Ian Dawson, Izabela Tabak, Norbert Scherbaum, Stefano Zanone Poma
A training package (pre-tested in a pilot phase) about supporting children who have parents with a mental illness and/or with substance misuse (COPMI) was developed and delivered to 131 different professionals from six different European Countries. A questionnaire about importance, awareness and competence on the issue (8 items on knowledge and 15 items on skills) was developed and completed by participants before and after the training. The training was evaluated by participants as generally very successful in terms of improving the importance, awareness and competence of their knowledge and skills, with a statistically significant difference in the pre-/post-analyses (no decreases occurred)...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026142/thinking-families-a-study-of-the-characteristics-of%C3%A2-the-workforce-that-delivers-family-focussed-practice
#9
Melinda Goodyear, Darryl Maybery, Andrea Reupert, Rebecca Allchin, Cait Fraser, Sabin Fernbacher, Rose Cuff
Parenting with mental illness is not uncommon and is often associated with a range of challenges for parents, children, and the family unit. Family-focussed practice involves the provision of services to the wider family system, including children. While family-focussed practice is important to consumers and their families, adult mental health practitioners do not routinely discuss parenting or children with their clients, nor work closely with the whole family. In the present study, we aimed to examine the characteristics of practitioners from Australian adult mental health services associated with family-focussed practices...
December 27, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933711/using-a-co-production-prioritization-exercise-involving-south-asian-children-young-people-and-their-families-to-identify-health-priorities-requiring-further-research-and-public-awareness
#10
Logan Manikam, Rakhee Shah, Kate Reed, Gupreet Santini, Monica Lakhanpaul
OBJECTIVES: To facilitate South Asian (SA) families and health-care professionals (HCPs) participation in a prioritization exercise to co-produce child health research and public awareness agendas. DESIGN: A three-stage process was adopted involving the following: (i) systematic literature review, (ii) HCP scoping survey and (iii) focus groups of SA adolescents and families. A Punjabi- and Urdu-speaking community facilitator moderated focus groups. A British Sign Language interpreter assisted in the hard of hearing group...
December 8, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902542/impact-of-mental-health-comorbidities-on-the-community-based-pediatric-treatment-and-outcomes-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#11
Nour Al Ghriwati, Joshua M Langberg, William Gardner, James Peugh, Kelly J Kelleher, Rebecca Baum, William B Brinkman, Phil Lichtenstein, Jeffery N Epstein
OBJECTIVE: Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often exhibit psychiatric comorbidities, which may impact illness presentation, diagnosis, and treatment outcomes. Guidelines exist for dealing with these complex cases but little is known about how comorbidities are being handled in community pediatric settings. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how mental health comorbidities affect community physicians' ADHD care practices and patients' symptom trajectories...
January 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893581/the-effect-of-socioeconomic-status-and-parental-demographics-on-activation-of-department-of-child-and-family-services-in-pediatric-burn-injury
#12
Jessica K Campos, Yee M Wong, Brittany N Hasty, Kelly A McElligott, Michael J Mosier
Burns resulting from child maltreatment are tragic causes of significant morbidity and mortality, most commonly affecting children under 3 years of age. More than one third of nonaccidental burns occur in single-parent homes or have parents with history of mental illness, substance abuse, incarceration, or Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS) involvement. The authors sought to profile pediatric burn injuries associated with DCFS investigations. They performed a retrospective chart review of pediatric burn patients, admitted between January 1, 2011 and December 31, 2014...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862944/factors-related-to-the-burnout-of-japanese-female-nurses-with-children-under-3%C3%A2-years-old
#13
Yuko Takayama, Eiko Suzuki, Atsuko Kobiyama, Akiko Maruyama, Yoshiko Sera
AIM: Burnout is a common feature among healthcare professionals; however, little systematic research exists on burnout among nurses who are raising children. The burnout-related factors among female nurses with children under the age of 3 years were identified in order to ascertain potential burnout prevention methods. METHODS: In total, 1681 nurses with children who worked at nine city hospitals in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, were sent the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey; 1173 nurses responded in June 2014...
November 11, 2016: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847935/empowering-families-with-the-experience-of-mental-illness-a-presentation-of-the-polish-version-of-camille-training-package
#14
REVIEW
Izabela Tabak, Lidia Zabłocka-Żytka, Jan C Czabała
The paper presents the CAMILLE training package prepared in the EU program Empowerment of Children and Adolescents of Mentally Ill Parents through Training of Professionals working with children and adolescents. The training is designed for psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, teachers and others working with children and adolescents where a parent experiences mental disorders. The project was realized on 4 stages: (1) pre-analyses (quality and quantity) with professionals, family members and people experiencing mental disorders, in regards to the needs, experiences and expectations in education of professionals working with families of parents with mental illness; (2) development of a new pan-European training program for specialists working with these families; (3) pre-pilot implementation and evaluation of the training; (4) preparing of the final version of the training and pilot implementation in 7 countries participating in the project, also in Poland...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836161/violence-by-parents-against-their-children-reporting-of-maltreatment-suspicions-child-protection-and-risk-in-mental-illness
#15
REVIEW
Miranda McEwan, Susan Hatters Friedman
Psychiatrists are mandated to report suspicions of child abuse in America. Potential for harm to children should be considered when one is treating parents who are at risk. Although it is the commonly held wisdom that mental illness itself is a major risk factor for child abuse, there are methodologic issues with studies purporting to demonstrate this. Rather, the risk from an individual parent must be considered. Substance abuse and personality disorder pose a separate risk than serious mental illness. Violence risk from mental illness is dynamic, rather than static...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833215/childhood-mental-health-an-ecological-analysis-of-the-effects-of-neighborhood-characteristics
#16
Gail N Kemp, David A Langer, Martha C Tompson
Research on childhood mental illness traditionally examines risk factors most proximal to the child. However, current trends reflect growing interest in how broader contextual factors contribute to psychopathology risk. In this study, we examined neighborhood-level indicators as potential sources of chronic strain in a sample of 156 mother-child dyads. Children were 8-12 years old. For most neighborhood indicators, data were collected at the level of census tracts using publically available data sets. We hypothesized that these indicators would be associated with greater overall mental health symptoms, as well as specifically predictive of childhood symptoms of depression...
November 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821069/ill-and-substance-abusing-parents-how-can-the-general-practitioner-help-their-children-a-qualitative-study
#17
Frøydis Gullbrå, Tone Smith-Sivertsen, Guri Rortveit, Norman Anderssen, Marit Hafting
BACKGROUND: Severe illness among parents may interfere with their parenting. Children having ill or substance-abusing parents are at risk of own health problems and psychosocial difficulties. The health care system should identify families in need of help and provide the help needed. For ill parents, it can be difficult to seek help and advices for their parenting. The aim of this study was to identify important factors for the general practitioner (GP) to bear in mind during encounters with ill and substance-abusing parents, to enable the GP to provide appropriate support for the children...
November 8, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819619/-nicht-von-schlechten-eltern-nische-a-family-orientated-collaborative-care-approach-to-support-children-in-families-with-mentally-ill-parents
#18
Pascal Wabnitz, Klaus-Thomas Kronmüller, Erwin Wieskus-Friedemann, Sabine Kliem, Johannes Hoppmann, Monika Burek, Michael Löhr, Ulrich Kemper, André Nienaber
"Nicht von schlechten Eltern - NischE": A Family Orientated Collaborative Care Approach to Support Children in Families with Mentally Ill Parents The present work describes the setting- and multi-professional offer "NischE" in Gütersloh, a systemic approach for the care of children and their mentally ill parents. Children of mentally ill parents are a special risk group for developing their own mental illness. The aim of the collaborative care model between child and adolescent psychiatry, youth services and adult psychiatry is to enable affected families in terms of family-focused practice a low threshold access to different services...
November 2016: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806863/children-of-parents-with-serious-mental-illness-with-whom-do-they-grow-up-a-prospective-population-based-study
#19
Anne Ranning, Thomas Munk Laursen, Anne Thorup, Carsten Hjorthøj, Merete Nordentoft
OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of living arrangements during childhood for children of parents with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and depression. METHOD: Information was obtained from Danish registers on children's addresses and used to calculate the proportion living in different household living arrangements. The study was conducted as a prospective, register-based cohort study covering all children in the entire Danish population born after 1982 (N = 1,823,625) and their parents with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, or none of these disorders...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779625/childhood-adverse-life-events-and-parental-psychopathology-as-risk-factors-for-bipolar-disorder
#20
V Bergink, J T Larsen, M H J Hillegers, S K Dahl, H Stevens, P B Mortensen, L Petersen, T Munk-Olsen
Childhood adverse events are risk factors for later bipolar disorder. We quantified the risks for a later diagnosis of bipolar disorder after exposure to adverse life events in children with and without parental psychopathology. This register-based population cohort study included all persons born in Denmark from 1980 to 1998 (980 554 persons). Adversities before age 15 years were: familial disruption; parental somatic illness; any parental psychopathology; parental labour market exclusion; parental imprisonment; placement in out-of-home care; and parental natural and unnatural death...
October 25, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
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