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Children of parents with mental illness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627261/maternal-psychological-distress-and-perceived-impact-on-child-feeding-practices-in-south-kivu-dr-congo
#1
Jillian A Emerson, Wietse Tol, Laura E Caulfield, Shannon Doocy
BACKGROUND: Maternal mental health problems are associated with poor child growth and suboptimal child feeding practices, yet little qualitative research has been conducted to understand mothers' perceptions about how maternal mental ill health and child nutrition are related. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to understand maternal perceptions on sources of psychological distress, and how distress impacts functioning, especially related to childcare and feeding practices among mothers of young children in South Kivu, DR Congo...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558771/assessment-of-the-burden-on-caregivers-of-patients-with-mental-disorders-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#2
Sami H Alzahrani, Ebtihaj O Fallata, Marwa A Alabdulwahab, Wesam A Alsafi, Jamil Bashawri
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders are considered important public health problems not only to people with mental illness but also their caregivers. As is the case in many countries, the deinstitutionalization of mental health services in Saudi Arabia, has meant that informal caregivers are shouldering responsibilities for which they are not usually prepared; therefore, the current study was aimed at assessment of the burden on caregivers of people with mental illness. METHODS: Through a cross-sectional design, a sample of the caregivers of people with mental illness (n = 377) was selected randomly from a psychiatric hospital in Jeddah...
May 30, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552100/health-anxiety-and-illness-behaviour-in-children-of-mothers-with-severe-health-anxiety
#3
Mette Viller Thorgaard
Excessive health anxiety, still designated as hypochondriasis in ICD-10, refers to worries and anxiety about harbouring serious illness. It is common in both primary and secondary health care with prevalence rates up to 9% and causes great suffering for the individual as well as high health care costs when untreated. Growing research suggests that health anxiety may originate in childhood, and studies have demonstrated that cognitive and behavioural features similar to those described for health anxiety in adults may be present...
May 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549427/developing-an-australian-first-recovery-model-for-parents-in-victorian-mental-health-and-family-services-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Darryl Maybery, Melinda Goodyear, Andrea Reupert, Jade Sheen, Warren Cann, Kim Dalziel, Phillip Tchernagovski, Brendan O'Hanlon, Henry von Doussa
BACKGROUND: A considerable number of people with a mental illness are parents caring for dependent children. For those with a mental illness, parenting can provide a sense of competence, belonging, identity and hope and hence is well aligned to the concept of personal recovery. However, little research has focused on the recovery journey of those who are parents and have a mental illness. This randomised controlled trial aims to (i) evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention model of recovery for parents (Let's Talk about Children) in three different mental health service sectors and (ii) examine the economic value of a larger roll out (longer term) of the parent recovery model...
May 26, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505032/do-preventive-interventions-for-children-of-mentally-ill-parents-work-results-of-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Martina Thanhäuser, Gunnar Lemmer, Giovanni de Girolamo, Hanna Christiansen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The transgenerational transmission of mental disorders is one of the most significant causes of psychiatric morbidity. Several risk factors for children of parents with mental illness (COPMI) have been identified in numerous studies and meta-analyses. RECENT FINDINGS: Many interventions have been developed for this high-risk group, but data about their efficacy are heterogeneous. SUMMARY: The current meta-analysis reports on 96 articles including 50 independent samples from randomized controlled trials quantifying effects of preventive interventions for COPMI...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483084/development-of-a-tool-to-assess-facial-emotion-recognition-deficits-in-mothers-with-schizophrenia-a-preliminary-report
#6
Sonia Shenoy, Geetha Desai, Prabha S Chandra, Ganesan Venkatsubramanian
There is dearth of studies which have assessed Facial Emotion Recognition Deficits (FERD) in parents and its impact on parenting. To assess FERD in mothers with severe mental illness, a modification of TRENDS (A Tool for Recognition of Emotions in Neuropsychiatric DisorderS) using images of children was developed. Two children emoted six basic emotions,namely happy, sad, fear, anger, surprise and disgust at two different intensities along with neutral facial expressions. These images were then validated by 20 subjects which included 15 healthy controls and 5 qualified psychiatrists...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441171/prevalence-of-psychopathology-in-children-of-parents-with-mental-illness-and-or-addiction-an-up-to-date-narrative-review
#7
Sophie Leijdesdorff, Karin van Doesum, Arne Popma, Rianne Klaassen, Therese van Amelsvoort
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Children of parents with a mental illness and/or addiction are at high risk for developing a mental illness themselves. Parental mental illness is highly prevalent leading to a serious number of children at high risk. The aim of this review is to give an up-to-date overview of psychopathology in children of parents with various mental illnesses and/or addiction, based on recent literature. RECENT FINDINGS: Worldwide, 15-23% of children live with a parent with a mental illness...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416429/-life-threatening-sleepwalking-elpenor-s-syndrome-in-a-10-year-old-child
#8
M-A Madigand-Tordjman, P-J Egler, F Bertran, M Jokic, F Guénolé
Though benign in the majority of cases, sleepwalking sometimes causes injuries due, among other causes, to falls. Such accidents can be life-threatening - a situation that has been termed Elpenor syndrome (in reference to an accident experienced by a character in Homer's epic The Odyssey) - in particular when entailing defenestration. This syndrome has been described in adults and adolescents; we report here a case in a child. OBSERVATION: This 10-year-old girl was admitted at night to our hospital after a 3-m fall at home...
April 14, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373614/effects-of-primary-prevention-of-child-abuse-that-begins-during-pregnancy-and-immediately-after-childbirth
#9
Tsuneo Ninomiya, Hiroko Hashimoto, Hiroe Tani, Kenji Mori
OBJECTIVE: To improve primary prevention of child maltreatment, the association between at-risk parents identified by maternity hospitals and local health centers and intervention outcomes was investigated. METHODS: A screening program for primary prevention of child maltreatment has been implemented for parents with children aged<3 years in A Prefecture. At-risk parents are identified at maternity hospitals and local health centers. Public health nurses provide intervention to promote positive parenting through home visits, and referred to child protective centers when they suspect child maltreatment...
2017: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371742/measuring-stigma-in-children-receiving-mental-health-treatment-validation-of-the-paediatric-self-stigmatization-scale-paeds
#10
A Kaushik, E Papachristou, D Dima, S Fewings, E Kostaki, G B Ploubidis, M Kyriakopoulos
BACKGROUND: Research on the impact of stigma associated with mental illness in children is scarce. Considering the known negative effects of stigma associated with mental illness in adults, it is crucial to explore the stigma experienced by children who access mental health treatment. However, no scale measuring self-stigmatization in younger children is available to date. This study aimed to develop and validate such a scale, the Paediatric Self-Stigmatization Scale (PaedS). METHODS: A total of 156 children (119 receiving outpatient and 37 receiving inpatient treatment), aged 8-12 years, completed the PaedS, the Self-Perception Profile for Children and the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL - Child Report, ages 8-12)...
February 3, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367660/talking-about-parental-substance-abuse-with-children-eight-families-experiences-of-beardslee-s-family-intervention
#11
Heljä Pihkala, Neda Dimova-Bränström, Mikael Sandlund
BACKGROUND: Many children are affected by parental substance use disorder. Beardslee's family intervention (BFI) is a family-based psycho-educative method for children of mentally ill parents, used in psychiatric practise in several Nordic countries. The method has also been used to some extent when a parent suffers from substance use disorder. AIMS: The aim of the study was to explore the family members' experiences of the BFI when a parent has a diagnosis of substance use disorder, to gain new knowledge about the process of the BFI in this area...
April 3, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367131/infantile-anorexia-and-co-parenting-a-pilot-study-on-mother-father-child-triadic-interactions-during-feeding-and-play
#12
Loredana Lucarelli, Massimo Ammaniti, Alessio Porreca, Alessandra Simonelli
Infantile Anorexia (IA), defined by the Diagnostic Classification of Mental Health and Developmental Disorders of Infancy and Early Childhood Revised (DC: 0-3R, Zero To Three, 2005), occurs when the child (a) refuses to eat adequate amounts of food for at least 1 month, and shows growth deficiency, (b) does not communicate hunger and lacks interest in food, and (c) the child's food refusal does not follow a traumatic event and is not due to an underlying medical illness. IA usually emerges during the transition to self-feeding, when the child issues of autonomy are played out daily in the feeding situation...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330393/exercise-habits-are-important-for-the-mental-health-of-children-in-fukushima-after-the-fukushima-daiichi-disaster
#13
Shuntaro Itagaki, Mayumi Harigane, Masaharu Maeda, Seiji Yasumura, Yuriko Suzuki, Hirobumi Mashiko, Masato Nagai, Tetsuya Ohira, Hirooki Yabe
After the Great East Japan Earthquake and the subsequent nuclear reactor accident, the outdoor activities of children greatly decreased. We investigated adverse effects on the exercise habits and mental health of children after the disaster. The target subjects were children aged 6 to 15 years living inside the government-designated evacuation zone as of March 11, 2011 (n = 29  585). The subjects' parents/guardians completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and exercise habit data were obtained from the 2011 Fukushima Health Management Survey...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291257/integrated-transcriptome-and-methylome-analysis-in-youth-at-high-risk-for-bipolar-disorder-a-preliminary-analysis
#14
G R Fries, J Quevedo, C P Zeni, I F Kazimi, G Zunta-Soares, D E Spiker, C L Bowden, C Walss-Bass, J C Soares
First-degree relatives of patients with bipolar disorder (BD), particularly their offspring, have a higher risk of developing BD and other mental illnesses than the general population. However, the biological mechanisms underlying this increased risk are still unknown, particularly because most of the studies so far have been conducted in chronically ill adults and not in unaffected youth at high risk. In this preliminary study we analyzed genome-wide expression and methylation levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from children and adolescents from three matched groups: BD patients, unaffected offspring of bipolar parents (high risk) and controls (low risk)...
March 14, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277014/-you-are-labelled-by-your-children-s-disability-a-community-based-participatory-study-of-stigma-among-somali-parents-of-children-with-autism-living-in-the-united-kingdom
#15
Lucy Ellen Selman, Fiona Fox, Nura Aabe, Katrina Turner, Dheeraj Rai, Sabi Redwood
OBJECTIVES: Social stigma is commonly experienced by parents of children with autism. Our aim was to understand the nature of stigma experienced by Somali parents of children with autism in the United Kingdom (UK), and to consider how they coped with or resisted such stigma. DESIGN: We used a community-based participatory research approach, collaborating with a community organisation of Somali parents. In-depth interviews with simultaneous translation were conducted with 15 Somali parents of children with autism living in Bristol, UK, in 2015...
March 2, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266257/-burden-of-parents-of-pediatric-cancer-patients-in-pediatric-oncological-rehabilitation
#16
Laura Inhestern, Volker Beierlein, Konstantin A Krauth, Ursula Rolfes, Thomas Schulte, Dieter Berger, Uwe Koch, Corinna Bergelt
Burden of Parents of Pediatric Cancer Patients in Pediatric-oncological Rehabilitation All family members experience high burden in case of paediatric cancer. Family-oriented rehabilitation (FOR) aims to improve the physical and mental situation of the families. We investigated anxiety and depression (HADS) and cancer-related burden of parents (n = 69) before and after FOR and analysed its association with quality of life of the ill children. At beginning of FOR 70 % of the parents showed moderate to high anxiety scores and 47 % moderate to high depression scores...
March 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204921/the-impact-of-parental-offending-on-offspring-aggression-in-early-childhood-a-population-based-record-linkage-study
#17
Stacy Tzoumakis, Kimberlie Dean, Melissa J Green, Catherine Zheng, Maina Kariuki, Felicity Harris, Vaughan J Carr, Kristin R Laurens
PURPOSE: To examine the impact of parental criminal offending, both paternal and maternal, on offspring aggression at age 5 years, while also considering key risk factors, including parental mental illness, child's sex, and socioeconomic disadvantage. METHODS: The sample comprised 69,116 children, with linked parental information, from the New South Wales Child Development Study, a population-based multi-agency, multi-generational record linkage study that combines information from a teacher-reported cross-sectional survey of early childhood development at age 5 years (the 2009 Australian Early Development Census; AEDC) with data obtained via administrative records from multiple sources (e...
February 15, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148235/trust-an-essential-condition-in-the-application-of-a-caregiver-support-intervention-in-nursing-practice
#18
Marian I Zegwaard, Marja J Aartsen, Mieke Hf Grypdonck, Pim Cuijpers
BACKGROUND: The recent policy of deinstitutionalization of health care in Western countries has resulted in a growing number of people - including elderly - with severe mental illness living in the community where they rely on families and others for support in daily living. Caregiving for partners, parents, children, and significant others can be a stressful experience and has been associated with psychosocial problems and poorer physical health. To support caregivers, a new, complex, nurse-led caregiver - centered intervention was developed...
February 2, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135626/increased-risk-for-mental-illness-injuries-and-violence-in-children-born-to-mothers-with-intellectual-disability-a-register-study-in-sweden-during-1999-2012
#19
Maria Wickström, Berit Höglund, Margareta Larsson, Maria Lundgren
Several studies have demonstrated that mothers with intellectual disability (ID) have a higher prevalence of mental health illness, lower socio-economic status, and a higher risk of alcohol and drug use compared to mothers without ID. The children of mothers with ID are over-represented in child protection and legal proceedings but are generally a less studied group than the mothers. The aim of this study was to investigate if children born to mothers with ID had an increased risk of being diagnosed with mental illness, injuries, and violence compared with children of mothers without ID...
March 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125983/fathers-views-and-experiences-of-their-own-mental-health-during-pregnancy-and-the-first-postnatal-year-a-qualitative-interview-study-of-men-participating-in-the-uk-born-and-bred-in-yorkshire-baby-cohort
#20
Z Darwin, P Galdas, S Hinchliff, E Littlewood, D McMillan, L McGowan, S Gilbody
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of fathers' depression and anxiety in the perinatal period (i.e. from conception to 1 year after birth) is approximately 5-10%, and 5-15%, respectively; their children face increased risk of adverse emotional and behavioural outcomes, independent of maternal mental health. Critically, fathers can be protective against the development of maternal perinatal mental health problems and their effects on child outcomes. Preventing and treating paternal mental health problems and promoting paternal psychological wellbeing may therefore benefit the family as a whole...
January 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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