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Children of parents with mental illness

A K Taylor, E Netsi, H O'Mahen, A Stein, J Evans, R M Pearson
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems are associated with increased risk of physical and mental illness. Identifying risk factors is an important method of reducing public health impact. We examined the association between maternal postnatal depression (PND) and offspring adolescent sleep problems. METHOD: The sample was derived from Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) participants. A sample with complete data across all variables was used, with four outcome variables...
October 20, 2016: Psychological Medicine
Camilla Lauritzen, Charlotte Reedtz
BACKGROUND: Children who have parents with mental health problems are a vulnerable group. Intervening early to support parents with a mental illness can contribute to improve outcomes for children. Rigging the adult mental health system in such a manner that child responsible personnel are designated in wards is a strategy to systematically address the needs of families. It has since 2010 been mandatory for Norwegian hospitals to appoint such personnel in all hospital wards. The current study aimed to investigate the appointment of child responsible personnel in the adult mental health services in a regional hospital with local clinics...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Wanjie Tang, Jingdong Zhao, Yi Lu, Tingting Yan, Lijuan Wang, Jun Zhang, Jiuping Xu
OBJECTIVE: Millions of children were exposed to major earthquake in China, with serious psychological and developmental consequences. To obtain accurate rate of post-disaster related disorder and identify predictors may help inform post-disaster rescue and rehabilitation efforts. The present longitudinal study explored correlations of demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of juvenile survivors of the Ya'an and Wenchuan earthquakes in China with their trajectories of post-disaster related disorder...
September 13, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Rochelle Helena Hine, Darryl John Maybery, Melinda Jane Goodyear
Objective: The development of a positive identity beyond the mental illness has been highlighted as an important component of personal recovery. However, the experience of parenting is often overlooked in recovery discourse. This review aims to explore what the literature reveals about the process of developing a positive identity as part of personal recovery and how this may be shaped by the mothering role. Method: A systematic literature search of 5 databases resulted in 27 articles being reviewed, with findings extracted and analyzed using constant comparative analysis...
October 10, 2016: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Jennifer W Mack, Maya Ilowite, Sarah Taddei
BACKGROUND: Previous work on difficult relationships between patients and physicians has largely focused on the adult primary care setting and has typically held patients responsible for challenges. Little is known about experiences in pediatrics and more serious illness; therefore, we examined difficult relationships between parents and physicians of children with cancer. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, semistructured interview study of parents and physicians of children with cancer at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Boston Children's Hospital (Boston, Mass) in longitudinal primary oncology relationships in which the parent, physician, or both considered the relationship difficult...
October 11, 2016: Cancer
Rikke Thaarup Wesselhöft
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a frequent and painful mental disorder considered among the five leading causes of disability in Western countries by the World Health Organization. MDD occurs at all ages, but childhood onset MDD has a more severe course with longer depressive episodes, more suicidality, and more frequent hospitalization, than later onset MDD. Childhood seems to be a window of opportunity for prevention of mental disorders, and subsequently prevention of MDD onset in childhood is recommended...
October 2016: Danish Medical Journal
Amy E Green, John Ferrand, Gregory A Aarons
OBJECTIVE: The current study examines parent/caregiver and youth report of psychosocial and health-related functioning among youth served in public systems of care, with mood disorder only, comorbid mood disorder and chronic physical illness, and chronic physical illness only. METHOD: Participants were 539 youths (ages, 11-18; 64% male) with a mood disorder and/or chronic physical illness enrolled in a study of public sector care. Presence of mood disorder was based on youth report on the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children-IV...
October 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Tobias H Elgán, Nicklas Kartengren, Anna K Strandberg, Maria Ingemarson, Helena Hansson, Ulla Zetterlind, Johanna Gripenberg
BACKGROUND: Depending on the definitions used, between 5 and 20 % of all Swedish children grow up with at least one parent suffering from alcohol problems, while 6 % have at least one parent who has received inpatient psychiatric care, conditions that may affect the children negatively. Nine out of ten Swedish municipalities therefore provide support resources, but less than 2 % of these children are reached by such support. Delivering intervention programs via the Internet is a promising strategy...
2016: BMC Public Health
Anthony Zehetner, Popi Iatrou, Basiliki Lampropoulos, Natalie Phillips
AIM: To evaluate Teenlink, a wide-ranging medical and psychological health service addressing the needs of children and adolescents in substance-using families, who are at increased risk of developmental and psychosocial problems. METHODS: Retrospective record review of 124 children, from 92 families seen over a 13 year period. RESULTS: Polysubstance use and mental illness were common amongst parents. Children often presented with emotional and behavioural problems...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Tamsen J Rochat, Joanie Mitchell, Alan Stein, Ntombizodumo Brilliant Mkwanazi, Ruth M Bland
Advances in access to HIV prevention and treatment have reduced vertical transmission of HIV, with most children born to HIV-infected parents being HIV-uninfected themselves. A major challenge that HIV-infected parents face is disclosure of their HIV status to their predominantly HIV-uninfected children. Their children enter middle childhood and early adolescence facing many challenges associated with parental illness and hospitalization, often exacerbated by stigma and a lack of access to health education and support...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Keunwoo Park, Mikyung Seo
OBJECTIVE: Parents of offspring with mental illness must endure endless child care burden despite their old age, and must cope with associative stigma. This study analyzed the mediator effect of associative stigma on relationships between the main stressors, psychiatric symptoms and lowered social function of offspring with mental illness, assessed by the parents, and their care burden. METHOD: 215 parents caring for an adult child with mental illness in Korea were surveyed (Mage=60...
October 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Pearl L H Mok, Carsten Bøcker Pedersen, David Springate, Aske Astrup, Nav Kapur, Sussie Antonsen, Ole Mors, Roger T Webb
Importance: Self-directed and interpersonal violence share some common risk factors such as a parental history of mental illness. However, relationships between the full spectrum of parental psychiatric disease and these 2 related outcomes are unclear. Objective: To examine associations between the full spectrum of parental psychiatric disease and risks of attempted suicide and violent offending among offspring. Design, Setting, and Participants: Population-based cohort study of all persons born in Denmark 1967 through 1997, followed up from their 15th birthday until occurrence of adverse outcome or December 31, 2012, whichever came first...
October 1, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
J Zachary Wilson, Donna Marin, Katherine Maxwell, Joseph Cumming, Ryan Berger, Shermini Saini, William Ferguson, John T Chibnall
Research has indicated that childhood cancer may lead to posttraumatic growth (PTG), given cancer's association with posttraumatic stress. PTG may be associated with family/home and health care dynamics, as well as parental resilience, distress, and coping. This cross-sectional study investigated the associations of psychosocial factors of the patient, family, and health care team with PTG and illness-related burden (IRB) in childhood cancer survivors. The sample comprised 61 children and adolescents (7-18 years of age), their parents, and their nurses...
October 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
Nancy E Suchman, Monica R Ordway, Lourdes de Las Heras, Thomas J McMahon
Mothers who are involved with mental health services (for themselves or their children) rarely receive adequate support for their role as parents. Mental illness in a parent or child often exacerbates the challenges of managing psychological distress that is germane to the parenting roll. Mentalization-based approaches to psychotherapy for parents have the potential to address challenges of emotional regulation in parents by supporting their capacity to recognize and modulate negative affect during stressful parenting situations...
August 30, 2016: Attachment & Human Development
Praveetha Patalay, Emla Fitzsimons
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a framework of correlates of both mental illness and wellbeing in a large, current, and nationally representative sample of children in the United Kingdom. METHOD: An ecologic framework of correlates including individual (sociodemographic and human capital), family, social, and wider environmental factors were examined in 12,347 children aged 11 years old from the UK Millennium Cohort Study. Mental illness and wellbeing scores were standardized to allow comparisons, and the variance explained by the different predictors was estimated...
September 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Alexander J Ball, Gary K Steinberg, Jorina Elbers
BACKGROUND: Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a progressive intracranial arteriopathy with high risk of stroke. Its impact on quality of life is unstudied. We surveyed children with moyamoya disease and compared their quality of life to chronically ill children and children with stroke to better understand the impact of this diagnosis. METHODS: Children with moyamoya disease aged seven to 17 years from Stanford's Moyamoya Clinic between June 2014 and March 2015 were included...
October 2016: Pediatric Neurology
Shinsuke Koike, Sosei Yamaguchi, Kazusa Ohta, Yasutaka Ojio, Kei-Ichiro Watanabe, Shuntaro Ando
AIM: Mental helath-related stigma affects help-seeking behavior and service utilization among young people. Whether mental helath-related stigma is different or correlated between parents and their children has been unknown. It is also unknown whether the name change of schizophrenia in 2002 has long-term effects on reducing stigma for general adults. METHODS: We recruited 143 parent-child pairs (mean ages [SD]: 51.5 [3.6] and 21.2 [1.2], respectively) to complete self-report questionnaires regarding mental health-related stigma and experience...
July 29, 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Violetta K Schaan, Claus Vögele
Increasing divorce rates leave more and more children to deal with the separation of their parents. Recent research suggests that children of divorced parents more often experience psychological and physical symptoms than children of non-divorced parents. The processes that mediate the relationship between parental divorce and ill-health, however, are still elusive. This study investigated the mediating role of psychological factors such as resilience and rejection sensitivity on the long-term consequences of parental divorce in young adults...
July 26, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Sandra A Graham-Bermann, Åsa K Cater, Laura E Miller-Graff, Kathryn H Howell
OBJECTIVES: Exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) is known to challenge children's optimal development. This study sought to associate participants' beliefs about IPV held during childhood with their adjustment as adults, and to compare their beliefs from childhood to their beliefs in early adulthood. METHOD: A nationally representative sample of 703 Swedish young adults reported on their past and present beliefs about the causes of their parents' IPV. Standardized measures assessed their mental health (anxiety, depression, and traumatic stress symptoms) and the quality of their relationships as adults...
July 26, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Mila Kingsbury, Murray Weeks, Nathalie MacKinnon, Jonathan Evans, Liam Mahedy, Jennifer Dykxhoorn, Ian Colman
OBJECTIVE: The fetal programming hypothesis posits that in utero exposure to stress can alter prenatal brain development and lifelong stress response. However, human studies linking objective prenatal stressors to offspring mental illness, especially depression, are rare. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between mothers' exposure to prenatal stressful life events (SLEs) and offspring depression. METHOD: The sample comprised 10,569 members of a prospective population-based cohort, the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)...
August 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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