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Children of parents with mental illness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337459/-psychiatry
#1
Philippe Conus, Charlène Tripalo, Christel Vaudan, Pascale Ferrari, Pierre Lequin, Charles Bonsack
Children of patients with psychiatric disorders are at higher risk to develop a psychiatric illness. In addition, phases of crisis and hospitalization of the parent are often traumatizing to the children, especially during childhood. Although a specific offer to face these issues is compulsory in some countries, such is not the case in Switzerland. In this paper we describe the implementation of a special offer for children of parents with mental illness (Famille +) in the service of general psychiatry at the Department of psychiatry of the Lausanne University hospital in Switzerland...
January 10, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331151/the-impact-of-parental-mental-illness-across-the-full-diagnostic-spectrum-on-externalising-and-internalising-vulnerabilities-in-young-offspring
#2
Kimberlie Dean, Melissa J Green, Kristin R Laurens, Maina Kariuki, Stacy Tzoumakis, Titia Sprague, Rhoshel Lenroot, Vaughan J Carr
BACKGROUND: The intergenerational risk for mental illness is well established within diagnostic categories, but the risk is unlikely to respect diagnostic boundaries and may be reflected more broadly in early life vulnerabilities. We aimed to establish patterns of association between externalising and internalising vulnerabilities in early childhood and parental mental disorder across the full spectrum of diagnoses. METHODS: A cohort of Australian children (n = 69 116) entering the first year of school in 2009 were assessed using the Australian Early Development Census, providing measures of externalising and internalising vulnerability...
January 14, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311178/using-state-administrative-data-to-identify-social-complexity-risk-factors-for-children
#3
Kimberly C Arthur, Barbara A Lucenko, Irina V Sharkova, Jingping Xing, Rita Mangione-Smith
PURPOSE: Screening for social determinants of health is challenging but critically important for optimizing child health outcomes. We aimed to test the feasibility of using an integrated state agency administrative database to identify social complexity risk factors and examined their relationship to emergency department (ED) use. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study among children younger than 18 years with Washington State Medicaid insurance coverage (N = 505,367)...
January 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288538/experiences-of-adults-who-as-children-lived-with-a-parent-experiencing-mental-illness-in-a-small-scale-society
#4
Kristianna Dam, Durita G Joensen, Elisabeth O C Hall
INTRODUCTION: An estimated 23% of children worldwide live with a parent experiencing mental illness. These children are exposed to emotional and psychosocial challenges. Little is known about these children when living in small-scale societies. AIM: To explore how adults, who as children lived with parents experiencing mental illness in a small-scale society, recalled their childhood life. METHOD: Individual interviews with 11 adults were analysed using content analysis...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287300/-%C3%A2-i-would-be-sad-then-because-they-are-all-talking-about-my-dad-the-role-of-stigma-in-families-affected-by-parental-mental-illness
#5
Patricia Wahl, Christina Otto, Albert Lenz
Stigmatization of mental illness is a societal problem, and is also relevant for help-seeking. In a qualitative interview study, the role of stigma in help-seeking was examined from the perspective of parents with mental illness, their children and other relatives. Parents with mental illness assigned an important role to stigma for help-seeking processes. Children rarely made explicit statements about this, but an implicit awareness of stigma can be assumed.
December 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285632/infant-health-and-future-childhood-adversity
#6
Nancy E Reichman, Hope Corman, Kelly Noonan, Manuel E Jiménez
Objective To investigate the extent to which disabling infant health conditions are associated with adverse childhood experiences at age 5. Methods We conducted a secondary analysis of data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a national urban birth cohort. We estimated logistic regression models of associations between the presence of a disabling infant health condition and the child's ACE exposures at age 5, controlling for factors that preceded the child's birth, including the mother's sociodemographic characteristics, physical health, mental illness, and substance abuse and the parents' criminal justice system involvement and domestic violence or sexual abuse...
December 28, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283988/stigma-and-mental-disorders-in-developmental-age
#7
Marija Burgić Radmanović, Sanela Burgić
Most mental disorders begin during developmental age. Different misinformation about mental illnesses cause anxiety, create stereotypes and promote stigma. Stigma has been identified as a likely key factor in mental health services access and utilization, particularly under-utilization of existing services especially in children with mental disorders. Stigma is a problem with which parents / carers face child emotional and behavioral problems when they seek professional help. Very often they avoid to seek professional help due to existing stigmatized attitudes leading to lack of treatment...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242840/the-mid-childhood-and-adolescent-antecedents-of-women-s-external-locus-of-control-orientation
#8
Jean Golding, Steven Gregory, Yasmin Iles-Caven, Stephen Nowicki
Background: External locus of control orientation (ELOC) is a powerful predictor of adverse consequences in regard to health, educational attainment, inter-personal relationships and well-being. Although many cross-sectional studies have been carried out, relatively little is known about antecedent factors influencing the development of ELOC. Methods: Over 12,000 pregnant women who enrolled in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) in south-west England, had completed a brief version of the Adult Nowicki-Strickland Internal-External LOC scale, together with detailed questions concerning their own parents and childhood...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239287/school-performance-from-primary-education-in-the-adolescent-offspring-of-parents-with-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-a-national-register-based-study
#9
Anne Ranning, Thomas Laursen, Esben Agerbo, Anne Thorup, Carsten Hjorthøj, Jens Richardt Møllegaard Jepsen, Merete Nordentoft
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar disorder (BP) are causes of severe disability worldwide and parents' severe mental illness (SMI) is associated with childhood adversity, and socio-emotional and cognitive problems in children. Yet, how parental BP and SZ affect educational attainment in offspring is still unclear. METHOD: We included all children (N = 684.248) born and living in Denmark between 1986 and 1996 and their parents. Our follow-up lasted from 1986 until children's graduation in 2014...
December 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230934/adult-children-of-parents-with-mental-illness-dehumanization-of-a-parent-she-wasn-t-the-wreck-in-those-years-that-she-was-to-become-later
#10
Gillian Murphy, Kath Peters, Lesley Wilkes, Debra Jackson
Children who have lived with parental mental illness experience long-standing reduced health and social outcomes, alongside ongoing personal distress. While there has been some dialogue regarding interventions to support children who are living with parental mental illness, there remains a paucity of knowledge regarding adult children's experiences and potential needs. Given this, the aim of the present study was to establish parenting narratives of adult children who had experienced childhood parental mental illness...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221455/mental-health-professionals-family-focused-practice-with-families-with-dependent-children-a-survey-study
#11
Patraporn Tungpunkom, Darryl Maybery, Andrea Reupert, Nick Kowalenko, Kim Foster
BACKGROUND: Many people with a mental illness are parents caring for dependent children. These children are at greater risk of developing their own mental health concerns compared to other children. Mental health services are opportune places for healthcare professionals to identify clients' parenting status and address the needs of their children. There is a knowledge gap regarding Thai mental health professionals' family-focused knowledge and practices when working with parents with mental illness and their children and families...
December 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214932/-students-having-parents-with-mental-health-issues-and-teachers-mental-health-literacy
#12
Dirk Bruland, Katharina Kornblum, Stefanie Harsch, Janine Bröder, Orkan Okan, Ullrich Bauer
Students Having Parents with Mental Health Issues and Teachers' Mental Health Literacy Mental health issues of parents of school children often negatively affects the children as well, including their school performance and social behavior in the school setting. Teachers are then required to take actions with regards to supporting children in their coping with and mastering of their home situation and their responds to educational demands. As such, schools' and teachers' actions can either support affected children and fulfill a protective function or respond inappropriately, with negative impact on the affected children...
December 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204013/a-family-study-of-consanguinity-in-children-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-barwani-india
#13
Ram Lakhan, Rajshekhar Bipeta, Srinivasa S R R Yerramilli, Vinayak K Nahar
Background: Intellectual disability (ID) can be inherited in families through consanguineous marriage. The ID in an individual can be associated with the ID, epilepsy, and mental illness in their parents. Such connections can be seen more closely among consanguineous marriages in tribal and nontribal population in India. Objective: This study shows a few common patterns of the consanguineous relationship in the parents of children with ID in India. Materials and Methods: This is a case series research design...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200568/a-serial-munchausen-syndrome-by-proxy
#14
Esra Ozgun Unal, Volkan Unal, Ali Gul, Mustafa Celtek, Behzat Dıken, İbrahim Balcıoglu
Munchausen syndrome by proxy (MSBP) is a form of child abuse that describes children whose parents or caregivers invent illness stories and substantiate the stories by fabricating false physical signs. Through this case report, a serial MSBP case is presented along with psychiatric evaluation of the perpetrator mother who was sent to the Forensic Psychiatric Observation Department of the Council of Forensic Medicine to assess whether she has any mental disorder. Although there are several studies on MSBP, we present this case because the perpetrator mother was caught on the camera surveillance system of the hospital while closing the nose and mouth of the victim for fabricating the illness, and she also said that she had done the same thing to her two elder children to exclude their illnesses...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189988/predictors-of-self-reported-health-related-quality-of-life-according-to-the-eq-5d-y-in-chronically-ill-children-and-adolescents-with-asthma-diabetes-and-juvenile-arthritis-longitudinal-results
#15
Christiane Otto, Dana Barthel, Fionna Klasen, Sandra Nolte, Matthias Rose, Ann-Katrin Meyrose, Marcus Klein, Ute Thyen, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer
PURPOSE: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important patient-reported outcome in clinical and health research. The EQ-5D-Y assesses child and adolescent HRQoL by five items on mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression as well as a visual analogue scale (VAS) on the current health state. This study investigates predictors of self-reported HRQoL according to the EQ-5D-Y in chronically ill children and adolescents using longitudinal data. METHODS: Data from the German Kids-CAT study on children and adolescents with asthma, diabetes, and juvenile arthritis gathered over a period of six months were analyzed (n = 310; 7-17 years old; 48% female)...
November 30, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153459/-intrafamilial-disruptive-behaviour-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-present-data-and-treatment-prospects
#16
E Bousquet, N Franc, C Ha, D Purper-Ouakil
Child-to-parent violence is a form of family violence that is still a well-kept secret. Abused parents can be victims of different types of abuse. Children can use both physical and psychological violence such as financial threats to take control of the home. In this situation, parents often no longer dare to contradict their children by fear of triggering uncontrollable violence. Although the phenomenon recently drew the attention of the media, there is still little knowledge about its prevalence and clinical characteristics...
November 16, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143763/intellectual-functioning-in-offspring-of-parents-with-bipolar-disorder-a-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Bonnie Klimes-Dougan, Jake Jeong, Kevin P Kennedy, Timothy A Allen
Impaired intellectual functioning is an important risk factor for the emergence of severe mental illness. Unlike many other forms of mental disorder however, the association between bipolar disorder and intellectual deficits is unclear. In this narrative review, we examine the current evidence on intellectual functioning in children and adolescents at risk for developing bipolar disorder. The results are based on 18 independent, peer-reviewed publications from 1980 to 2017 that met criteria for this study. The findings yielded no consistent evidence of lower or higher intellectual quotient (IQ) in offspring of parents diagnosed with bipolar disorder...
October 28, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141661/preventing-enduring-behavioural-problems-in-young-children-through-early-psychological-intervention-healthy-start-happy-start-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Paul G Ramchandani, Christine O'Farrelly, Daphne Babalis, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Sarah Byford, Ellen S R Grimas, Jane E Iles, Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Julia McGinley, Charlotte M Phillips, Alan Stein, Jane Warwick, Hillary C Watt, Stephen Scott
BACKGROUND: Behavioural problems are common in early childhood, and can result in enduring costs to the individual and society, including an increased risk of mental and physical illness, criminality, educational failure and drug and alcohol misuse. Most previous research has examined the impact of interventions targeting older children when difficulties are more established and harder to change, and have rarely included fathers. We are conducting a trial of a psychological intervention delivered to families with very young children, engaging both parents where possible...
November 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135446/-cross-informant-agreement-between-parent-reported-and-adolescent-self-reported-quality-of-life-in-children-with-externalising-symptoms
#19
Dóra Szentiványi, József Halász, Lili O Horváth, Gergely Mészáros, Martina Miklós, Mónika Miklósi, Szabina Velo, Péter Vida, Judit Balázs
BACKGROUND: It is well-known phenomena both in clinical practice and research, that there is a discrepancy between the parents' and children's report about children's Quality of Life (QoL). The purpose of our research was to examine the differences in self and caregiver's proxy report of child's QoL. We also compared mothers', fathers' and other caregivers' reports of children's QoL. METHODS: Patients with externalizing symptoms in their history, aged 13-18 years were selected from the Vadaskert Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Hospital and Outpatient Clinic...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132814/incidence-of-child-and-adolescent-mental-disorders-in-children-aged-0-17-with-familial-high-risk-for-severe-mental-illness-a-danish-register-study
#20
Anne A E Thorup, Thomas Munk Laursen, Trine Munk-Olsen, Anne Ranning, Preben Bo Mortensen, Kerstin J Plessen, Merete Nordentoft
BACKGROUND: Offspring of parents with severe mental illness (SMI: schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or major depressive disorder) have an increased risk of developing mental disorder themselves. In childhood they may have neurodevelopmental delays, cognitive deficits and social adversities. We aimed to investigate if these individuals are more at risk of being diagnosed with a mental disorder during childhood/adolescence in a national sample. METHODS: By linking Danish registers we established a cohort consisting of all persons born to parents with SMI with those born to parents without SMI serving as a reference group...
November 10, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
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