keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Combat trauma

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919449/nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-may-affect-cytokine-response-and-benefit-healing-of-combat-related-extremity-wounds
#1
Felipe A Lisboa, Matthew J Bradley, Matthew T Hueman, Seth A Schobel, Beverly J Gaucher, Edda L Styrmisdottir, Benjamin K Potter, Jonathan A Forsberg, Eric A Elster
BACKGROUND: After adequate operative debridement and antimicrobial therapies, combat-related extremity wounds that either heal or fail are both associated with a distinct inflammatory response. Short-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in postoperative pain management may affect this response and, by consequence, the healing potential of these wounds. We investigated whether patients treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs had a distinct inflammatory response; different rates of critical colonization, defined as >10(5) colony forming units on quantitative bacteriology; and healing potential...
December 2, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918879/auditory-hallucinations-and-ptsd-in-ex-pows
#2
Laura Crompton, Yael Lahav, Zahava Solomon
Literature has suggested that auditory hallucinations might be prevalent in the general population and could be linked to the experience of trauma. This prospective study examines the prevalence of auditory hallucinations in trauma survivors and its association with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, over time. Former prisoners-of-war (ex-POWs) from the 1973 Yom Kippur War (n = 99) with and without PTSD and comparable veterans (n = 103) were assessed twice, in 1991 (T1) and 2003 (T2) in regards to auditory hallucinations and PTSD symptoms...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886370/epigenetic-alterations-of-the-bdnf-gene-in-combat-related-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#3
T Y Kim, S J Kim, H G Chung, J H Choi, S H Kim, J I Kang
OBJECTIVE: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays a crucial role in modulating resilience and vulnerability to stress. The aim of this study was to investigate whether epigenetic regulation of the BDNF gene is a biomarker of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) development among veterans exposed to combat in the Vietnam War. METHODS: Using the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale, combat veterans were grouped into those with (n = 126) and without (n = 122) PTSD...
November 25, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880620/a-relational-model-for-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-captivity-trauma-a-23-year-longitudinal-study
#4
Gadi Zerach, Zahava Solomon
OBJECTIVES: The aversive, long-term toll of war captivity and fathers' combat-induced posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on adult offspring's secondary traumatization (ST) has been recently exemplified. However, the study of potential mechanisms of the intergenerational transmission of trauma to offspring is still lacking. This prospective study aimed to assess the role of fathers' PTSD symptoms (PTSS), paternal parenting, and adult offspring's attachment insecurities in adult offspring's PTSS...
2016: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875926/a-meta-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-symptom-severity-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-executive-function
#5
Fu L Woon, Thomas J Farrer, Colin R Braman, Jennifer K Mabey, Dawson W Hedges
INTRODUCTION: Some studies of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) find executive dysfunction, whereas others do not. We meta-analytically examined the association between executive function and PTSD and used meta-regression to examine the potential moderating effect of PTSD severity on executive function. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. We identified published peer-reviewed articles containing measures of executive function and PTSD symptom severity in subjects with PTSD compared to trauma-unexposed controls or trauma-exposed controls without PTSD, or both...
November 22, 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875650/military-genitourinary-trauma-policies-implications-and-ethics
#6
Wendy K Dean, Arthur L Caplan, Brendan Parent
The men and women who serve in the armed forces, in the words of Major General Joseph Caravalho, "sign a blank check, co-signed by their families, payable to the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marines, up to and including their lives." It is human nature to consider such a pact in polarized terms; the pact concludes in either a celebratory homecoming or funereal mourning. But in reality, surviving catastrophic injury may incur the greatest debt. The small but real possibility of losing the ability to bear biological children due to genitourinary combat injury has been a topic of discussion in hushed tones, behind closed doors...
November 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863701/the-many-wounds-of-war-the-association-of-service-related-and-clinical-characteristics-with-problems-with-the-law-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans
#7
Autumn Backhaus, Shadi Gholizadeh, Kathryn M Godfrey, James Pittman, Niloofar Afari
Previous research has demonstrated that veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at higher risk for aggression, hostility, and anger, potentially leading to problems with the law or disciplinary action while in the military. There have been calls for increased consideration of the unique aspects of the judicial system in legal matters with veterans involved. The bulk of the research so far has considered the link between PTSD, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and combat exposure, but little is known about the potential role of chronic pain and Military Sexual Trauma (MST) in a veteran's experience of anger, aggression, and discipline while in the military and legal concerns...
November 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861458/combat-related-multifaceted-trauma-focused-group-therapy-a-pilot-study
#8
Ofir Levi, Ilan Wald, Vlad Svetlitsky, Sergei Zusmanovitz, Eli Parasha, Yael Shoval-Zuckerman, Gal Afik, Gal Haikin, Eyal Fruchter
The efficacy of combat-related trauma-focused group therapy (TFGT) was tested using a unique technique that combines principles from prolonged exposure, cognitive processing therapy, and art therapy. Eighty Israeli male veterans exposed to traumatic events participated in the study. They were divided into eight therapeutic groups led by four pairs of trained therapists. Posttraumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms and levels of functioning were taken at pretherapy, end of therapy, and 6 months posttherapy...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859442/couple-forgiveness-and-its-moderating-role-in-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-veterans-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms
#9
Xiao Zhou, Yafit Levin, Jacob Y Stein, Gadi Zerach, Zahava Solomon
This study examined the moderating effect couple forgiveness (as perceived by the wives/mothers) may have on the intergenerational transmission of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) among families of combat veterans and former prisoners of war (ex-POWs). The sample included 123 (79 ex-POWs and 44 control combatants) Israeli father-mother-adult offspring triads. Self-report measures were administered at 2008 to veterans, at 2010-2011 to wives, and at 2013-2014 to offspring. The findings indicated that ex-POWs' PTSS were positively related to their offspring's PTSS, while couple forgiveness buffered this effect, particularly, and detrimentally, when couple forgiveness was low...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858249/a-review-of-the-application-of-vancomycin-powder-to-posterior-spinal-fusion-wounds-with-a-focus-on-side-effects-and-infection-a-prospective-study
#10
Evelyn P Murphy, Mark Curtin, Aseer Shafqat, Fergus Byrne, Mutaz Jadaan, Elias Rahall
INTRODUCTION: Deep wound infection after spinal surgery is a potentially devastating complication and is associated with higher morbidity, mortality and healthcare costs. Different measures including intraoperative application of vancomycin powder to wounds have been employed previously to decrease the infection rate. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this ongoing clinical study is to evaluate the systemic uptake of prophylactically applied vancomycin in instrumented spinal fusion surgery...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851199/1564-analysis-of-pediatric-trauma-in-a-combat-zone-to-inform-high-fidelity-simulation-training
#11
Patrick Reeves, Elizabeth Mann-Salinas, Jennifer Gurney, Zsolt Stockinger, Tuan Le, Matthew Borgman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849491/quality-of-life-in-united-states-veterans-with-combat-related-ostomies-from-iraq-and-afghanistan
#12
Michael S Clemens, Thomas A Heafner, J Devin B Watson, James K Aden, Todd E Rasmussen, Sean C Glasgow
OBJECTIVE: Assess the impact of ostomy formation on quality of life for U.S. Service Members. METHODS: U.S. personnel sustaining colorectal trauma from 2003 to 2011 were identified using the Department of Defense Trauma Registry. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted utilizing prospective interviews with standard survey instruments. Primary outcome measures were the Stoma Quality of Life Scale and Veterans RAND 36 scores and subjective responses. Patients with colorectal trauma not requiring ostomy served as controls...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849458/improving-outcomes-following-extremity-trauma-the-need-for-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#13
Daniel J Stinner
Extremity injuries contribute a significant amount to the overall disability of combat-injured soldiers. Tracking patient outcomes allows military health care providers to gain a better understanding of the disability associated with various injury patterns. Only recently have orthopedic surgeons begun to collect functional outcome measures, and perhaps even more importantly, have begun to collect patient-reported outcomes. There is a growing body of evidence demonstrating the importance of a multidisciplinary approach to optimize outcomes in patients following severe extremity trauma...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849457/the-center-for-rehabilitation-sciences-research-advancing-the-rehabilitative-care-for-service-members-with-complex-trauma
#14
Brad M Isaacson, Brad D Hendershot, Seth D Messinger, Jason M Wilken, Christopher A Rábago, Elizabeth Russell Esposito, Erik Wolf, Alison L Pruziner, Christopher L Dearth, Marilynn Wyatt, Steven P Cohen, Jack W Tsao, Paul F Pasquina
The Center for Rehabilitation Sciences Research (CRSR) was established to advance the rehabilitative care for service members with combat-related injuries, particularly those with orthopedic, cognitive, and neurological complications. The center supports comprehensive research projects to optimize treatment strategies and promote the successful return to duty and community reintegration of injured service members. The center also provides a unique platform for fostering innovative research and incorporating clinical/technical advances in the rehabilitative care for service members...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845777/newer-insights-into-the-role-of-mirna-a-tiny-genetic-tool-in-psychiatric-disorders-focus-on-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#15
REVIEW
V V Giridharan, R A Thandavarayan, G R Fries, C Walss-Bass, T Barichello, N J Justice, M K Reddy, J Quevedo
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental disorder occurring in about 2-9% of individuals after their exposure to life-threatening events, such as severe accidents, sexual abuse, combat or a natural catastrophe. Because PTSD patients are exposed to trauma, it is likely that epigenetic modifications have an important role in disease development and prognosis. For the past two decades, abnormal expression of the epigenetic regulators microRNAs (miRs) and miR-mediated gene regulation have been given importance in a variety of human diseases, such as cancer, heart disease and viral infection...
November 15, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822278/prazosin-for-trauma-nightmares-and-sleep-disturbances-in-combat-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#16
Habibolah Khazaie, Marzie Nasouri, Mohammad Rasoul Ghadami
BACKGROUND: Prazosin is significantly effective to reduce sleep disturbance and trauma nightmare in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, results of different studies were evaluated. OBJECTIVES: The current randomized clinical trial aimed to assess the effects of prazosin on sleep parameters and nightmares among veterans with chronic PTSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two veterans with chronic war-induced PTSD and distressing nightmares were randomized into prazosin and placebo groups for eight weeks...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816610/forward-psychiatry%C3%A2-%C3%A2-early-intervention-for-mental-health-problems-among-uk-armed-forces-in-afghanistan
#17
N Jones, N T Fear, S Wessely, G Thandi, N Greenberg
BACKGROUND: This observational study examined return to duty (RTD) rates following receipt of early mental health interventions delivered by deployed mental health practitioners. METHOD: In-depth clinical interviews were conducted among 975 UK military personnel referred for mental health assessment whilst deployed in Afghanistan. Socio-demographic, military, operational, clinical and therapy outcomes were recorded in an electronic health record database. Rates and predictors of EVAC were the main outcomes examined using adjusted binary logistic regression analyses...
November 3, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810723/predictors-of-suicidal-ideation-among-active-duty-military-personnel-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#18
Carmen P McLean, Yinyin Zang, Laurie Zandberg, Craig J Bryan, Natalie Gay, Jeffrey S Yarvis, Edna B Foa
BACKGROUND: Given the alarming rate of military suicides, it is critical to identify the factors that increase risk of suicidal thoughts and behaviors among active duty military personnel. METHODS: This study examined a predictive model of suicidal ideation among 366 treatment-seeking active duty military personnel with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following deployments to or near Iraq or Afghanistan. Structural equation modeling was employed to examine the relative contribution of combat exposure, social support, PTSD severity, depressive symptoms, guilt, and trauma-related cognitions on suicidal ideation...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798535/urinary-biomarkers-are-associated-with-severity-and-mechanism-of-injury
#19
Jud C Janak, Ian J Stewart, Jonathan A Sosnov, Jeffrey T Howard, Edward D Siew, Mallory M Chan, Nancy Wickersham, T Alp Ikizler, Kevin K Chung
Combat-related blast trauma results in massive tissue injury and tends to involve multiple systems. Further, an acute measure of injury severity based on underlying biological mechanisms may be important for the triage and treatment of these types of patients. We hypothesized that urinary biomarkers (UBs) would reflect severity of injury and that they would be elevated for blast injuries compared to gunshot wounds (GSW) in a cohort of combat casualties. We also postulated that UBs would be higher in patients with burns compared to patients with non-burn trauma in a civilian cohort...
October 26, 2016: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794690/neural-substrates-of-overgeneralized-conditioned-fear-in-ptsd
#20
Antonia N Kaczkurkin, Philip C Burton, Shai M Chazin, Adrienne B Manbeck, Tori Espensen-Sturges, Samuel E Cooper, Scott R Sponheim, Shmuel Lissek
OBJECTIVE: Heightened generalization of fear from an aversively reinforced conditioned stimulus (CS+, a conditioned danger cue) to resembling stimuli is widely accepted as a pathogenic marker of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Indeed, a distress response to benign stimuli that "resemble" aspects of the trauma is a central feature of the disorder. To date, the link between overgeneralization of conditioned fear and PTSD derives largely from clinical observations, with limited empirical work on the subject...
October 31, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
7952
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"