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Parental mental illness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223807/the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-adult-psychosis-in-a-uk-early-intervention-service-results-of-a-retrospective-case-note-study
#1
Francesca D Reeder, Nusrat Husain, Abdul Rhouma, Peter M Haddad, Tariq Munshi, Farooq Naeem, Davit Khachatryan, Imran B Chaudhry
AIM: There is evidence that childhood trauma is a risk factor for the development of psychosis and it is recommended that childhood trauma is inquired about in all patients presenting with psychosis. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of childhood trauma in patients in the UK Early Intervention Service based on a case note review. METHODS: This is a retrospective case note study of 296 patients in an UK Early Intervention Service. Trauma history obtained on service entry was reviewed and trauma experienced categorized...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206830/medical-student-beliefs-about-disclosure-of-mental-health-issues-a-qualitative-study
#2
Peter Winter, Andrew Rix, Andrew Grant
In 2012 the United Kingdom's General Medical Council (GMC) commissioned research to develop guidance for medical schools on how best to support students with mental illness. One of the key findings from medical student focus groups in the study was students' strong belief that medical schools excluded students on mental health grounds. Students believed mental illness was a fitness to practice matter that led to eventual dismissal, although neither personal experience nor empirical evidence supported this belief...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204921/the-impact-of-parental-offending-on-offspring-aggression-in-early-childhood-a-population-based-record-linkage-study
#3
Stacy Tzoumakis, Kimberlie Dean, Melissa J Green, Catherine Zheng, Maina Kariuki, Felicity Harris, Vaughan J Carr, Kristin R Laurens
PURPOSE: To examine the impact of parental criminal offending, both paternal and maternal, on offspring aggression at age 5 years, while also considering key risk factors, including parental mental illness, child's sex, and socioeconomic disadvantage. METHODS: The sample comprised 69,116 children, with linked parental information, from the New South Wales Child Development Study, a population-based multi-agency, multi-generational record linkage study that combines information from a teacher-reported cross-sectional survey of early childhood development at age 5 years (the 2009 Australian Early Development Census; AEDC) with data obtained via administrative records from multiple sources (e...
February 15, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194621/mental-ill-health-recovery-and-the-family-assemblage
#4
Rhys Price-Robertson, Lenore Manderson, Cameron Duff
The recovery approach is now among the most influential paradigms shaping mental health policy and practice across the English-speaking world. While recovery is normally presented as a deeply personal process, critics have challenged the individualism underpinning this view. A growing literature on "family recovery" explores the ways in which people, especially parents with mental ill health, can find it impossible to separate their own recovery experiences from the processes of family life. While sympathetic to this literature, we argue that it remains limited by its anthropocentricity, and therefore struggles to account for the varied human and nonhuman entities and forces involved in the creation and maintenance of family life...
February 13, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190947/acceptability-of-a-positive-parenting-programme-on-a-mother-and-baby-unit-q-methodology-with-staff
#5
Hannah Butler-Coyne, Dougal Hare, Samantha Walker, Angelika Wieck, Anja Wittkowski
The Baby Triple P Positive Parenting Programme, a new addition to the established Triple P programmes, is currently being considered for a trial in a Mother and Baby Unit with the aim of exploring its benefits to mothers presenting with severe mental illness. The aim of the current study was to investigate staff views of the acceptability and feasibility of a parenting programme such as the Baby Triple P Positive Parenting Programme in a Mother and Baby Unit. Q-methodology, using an 88-item Q-sort, was employed to explore the opinions of 16 staff working in a Mother and Baby Unit in the North West of England...
2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182474/parenting-as-a-focus-of-recovery-a-systematic-review-of-current-practice
#6
Andrea Reupert, Rhys Price-Robertson, Darryl Maybery
OBJECTIVES: The first aim of this article was to systematically identify and review interventions that had incorporated parenting as a focus of recovery-orientated practice in adult mental health services. The second aim was to assess the strength of the extant evidence that including parenting as a focus of recovery practice was effective in terms of improving parent, child and family wellbeing. METHOD: An online search was conducted through Scopus, PsycINFO, Ovid MEDLINE, Cochrane library, and the Australian Family & Society Abstracts, for articles published between 2006 and 2015...
February 9, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173769/effects-of-an-antenatal-mindfulness-based-childbirth-and-parenting-programme-on-the-postpartum-experiences-of-mothers-a-qualitative-interview-study
#7
Françoise Roy Malis, Thorsten Meyer, Mechthild M Gross
BACKGROUND: Applications of mindfulness during the perinatal period have recently been explored and appear to offer a decrease in stress, anxiety and depression during this period. However, it still remains unclear what practical use women make of mindfulness during the postpartum period and the mechanisms through which it works. The subjective experience of mindfulness practice by mothers is not fully understood. The aim of the present study was to explore how women enrolled in a "Mindfulness-Based Childbirth and Parenting programme" experienced mindfulness practice during the postpartum period...
February 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148235/trust-an-essential-condition-in-the-application-of-a-caregiver-support-intervention-in-nursing-practice
#8
Marian I Zegwaard, Marja J Aartsen, Mieke Hf Grypdonck, Pim Cuijpers
BACKGROUND: The recent policy of deinstitutionalization of health care in Western countries has resulted in a growing number of people - including elderly - with severe mental illness living in the community where they rely on families and others for support in daily living. Caregiving for partners, parents, children, and significant others can be a stressful experience and has been associated with psychosocial problems and poorer physical health. To support caregivers, a new, complex, nurse-led caregiver - centered intervention was developed...
February 2, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135626/increased-risk-for-mental-illness-injuries-and-violence-in-children-born-to-mothers-with-intellectual-disability-a-register-study-in-sweden-during-1999-2012
#9
Maria Wickström, Berit Höglund, Margareta Larsson, Maria Lundgren
Several studies have demonstrated that mothers with intellectual disability (ID) have a higher prevalence of mental health illness, lower socio-economic status, and a higher risk of alcohol and drug use compared to mothers without ID. The children of mothers with ID are over-represented in child protection and legal proceedings but are generally a less studied group than the mothers. The aim of this study was to investigate if children born to mothers with ID had an increased risk of being diagnosed with mental illness, injuries, and violence compared with children of mothers without ID...
January 27, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125983/fathers-views-and-experiences-of-their-own-mental-health-during-pregnancy-and-the-first-postnatal-year-a-qualitative-interview-study-of-men-participating-in-the-uk-born-and-bred-in-yorkshire-baby-cohort
#10
Z Darwin, P Galdas, S Hinchliff, E Littlewood, D McMillan, L McGowan, S Gilbody
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of fathers' depression and anxiety in the perinatal period (i.e. from conception to 1 year after birth) is approximately 5-10%, and 5-15%, respectively; their children face increased risk of adverse emotional and behavioural outcomes, independent of maternal mental health. Critically, fathers can be protective against the development of maternal perinatal mental health problems and their effects on child outcomes. Preventing and treating paternal mental health problems and promoting paternal psychological wellbeing may therefore benefit the family as a whole...
January 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125850/-health-care-situation-and-barriers-for-working-with-children-of-mentally-ill-parents-from-the-perspective-of-adult-psychiatry-in-germany-a-nationwide-survey
#11
Olga Wlodarczyk, Franka Metzner, Silke Pawils
Objective The aim of the present study was to assess the health care situation and barriers to support minor children of mentally ill parents from the perspective of adult psychiatry in Germany. Methods Based on the German Hospital Register mental health practitioners of all psychiatric clinics in Germany were asked to answer a 37-item questionnaire. Overall, 441 practitioners of 239 psychiatric clinics participated in the cross sectional study. Results Most important barriers were high workload, scarce resources, patient-focused treatment, missing expertise as well as insufficient awareness...
January 26, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117889/the-journey-through-and-beyond-mental-health-services-in-the-united-kingdom-a-typology-of-parents-ways-of-managing-the-crisis-of-their-teenage-child-s-depression
#12
Emily Stapley, Mary Target, Nick Midgley
OBJECTIVE: Depression is a common mental illness experienced by young people. Yet we know little about how their parents manage their symptoms at home, and how parents may experience their treatment at child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS). Thus, the aim of our study was to create a typology of parents' experiences over a 2-year period, beginning with their teenage child's referral to CAMHS in the United Kingdom. METHOD: A total of 85 semistructured interviews were conducted with one or both parents of 28 adolescents at 3 time points, and qualitatively analyzed using ideal type analysis...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114913/recovery-and-decision-making-involvement-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-from-six-countries-a-prospective-observational-study
#13
Sabine Loos, Eleanor Clarke, Harriet Jordan, Bernd Puschner, Andrea Fiorillo, Mario Luciano, Tibor Ivánka, Erzsébet Magyar, Malene Krogsgaard-Bording, Helle Østermark-Sørensen, Wulf Rössler, Wolfram Kawohl, Benjamin Mayer, Mike Slade
BACKGROUND: Clinical decision-making is the vehicle of health care provision, and level of involvement predicts implementation and satisfaction. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of decision-making experience on recovery. METHODS: Data derived from an observational cohort study "Clinical decision making and outcome in routine care for people with severe mental illness" (CEDAR). Adults (aged 18-60) meeting standardised criteria for severe mental illness were recruited from caseloads of outpatient and community mental health services in six European countries...
January 23, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093927/impact-of-social-disadvantage-and-parental-offending-on-rates-of-criminal-offending-among-offspring-of-women-with-severe-mental-illness
#14
Giulietta Maria Valuri, Frank Morgan, Assen Jablensky, Vera Anne Morgan
OBJECTIVE: Children of parents with severe mental illness have an increased risk of offending. Studies suggest that risk factors such as parental offending and social disadvantage may be associated with the increased risk. This paper assesses the impact of these risk factors on offending rates in the offspring of women with severe mental illness compared to offspring of unaffected women. METHODS: This is part of a longitudinal record-linked whole-population study of 467,945 children born in Western Australia from 1980 to 2001 to mothers with severe mental illness and mothers with no recorded psychiatric illness...
January 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060601/parents-caring-for-adult-children-with-serious-mental-illness
#15
Kathryn Y Raymond, Danny G Willis, Susan Sullivan-Bolyai
BACKGROUND: Parents often become the caregivers for their adult children with serious mental illness (SMI) due to the chronic and debilitating course of the illness and shortages in funding for community mental health services and residential placements. OBJECTIVE: To examine parents' management styles when caring for adult children with SMI and parents' perspectives on what type of community-based mental health interventions would support and/or enhance overall family functioning...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054164/are-different-professionals-ready-to-support-children-of-parents-with-mental-illness-evaluating-the-impact-of-a-pan-european-training-programme
#16
Giovanni Viganò, Marja Kaunonen, Peter Ryan, Wendy Simpson, Ian Dawson, Izabela Tabak, Norbert Scherbaum, Stefano Zanone Poma
A training package (pre-tested in a pilot phase) about supporting children who have parents with a mental illness and/or with substance misuse (COPMI) was developed and delivered to 131 different professionals from six different European Countries. A questionnaire about importance, awareness and competence on the issue (8 items on knowledge and 15 items on skills) was developed and completed by participants before and after the training. The training was evaluated by participants as generally very successful in terms of improving the importance, awareness and competence of their knowledge and skills, with a statistically significant difference in the pre-/post-analyses (no decreases occurred)...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026142/thinking-families-a-study-of-the-characteristics-of%C3%A2-the-workforce-that-delivers-family-focussed-practice
#17
Melinda Goodyear, Darryl Maybery, Andrea Reupert, Rebecca Allchin, Cait Fraser, Sabin Fernbacher, Rose Cuff
Parenting with mental illness is not uncommon and is often associated with a range of challenges for parents, children, and the family unit. Family-focussed practice involves the provision of services to the wider family system, including children. While family-focussed practice is important to consumers and their families, adult mental health practitioners do not routinely discuss parenting or children with their clients, nor work closely with the whole family. In the present study, we aimed to examine the characteristics of practitioners from Australian adult mental health services associated with family-focussed practices...
December 27, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019694/taking-care-of-teenagers-taking-care-of-me-profiling-parental-caregiving-burden-and-activity-restriction-in-a-sample-of-australian-parents
#18
Navjot Bhullar, Debra Rickwood, Tegan Carter, Serena Haridas
The current study extends the Activity Restriction Model of Depressed Affect by exploring the relationship between parental caregiving burden, activity restriction, and depressive symptoms. It investigated the mediating role of restriction in three types of activities (daily routine, personal control, and social) in the relationship between parental caregiving burden and carer depression. Respondents (n = 203, Meanage  = 45.45 years, standard deviation = 7.81, females = 84.7%) were parent carers of a young person with mental illness and based in Australia...
December 26, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998319/leading-indicators-of-community-based-violent-events-among-adults-with-mental-illness
#19
R A Van Dorn, K J Grimm, S L Desmarais, S J Tueller, K L Johnson, M S Swartz
BACKGROUND: The public health, public safety and clinical implications of violent events among adults with mental illness are significant; however, the causes and consequences of violence and victimization among adults with mental illness are complex and not well understood, which limits the effectiveness of clinical interventions and risk management strategies. This study examined interrelationships between violence, victimization, psychiatric symptoms, substance use, homelessness and in-patient treatment over time...
December 21, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933711/using-a-co-production-prioritization-exercise-involving-south-asian-children-young-people-and-their-families-to-identify-health-priorities-requiring-further-research-and-public-awareness
#20
Logan Manikam, Rakhee Shah, Kate Reed, Gupreet Santini, Monica Lakhanpaul
OBJECTIVES: To facilitate South Asian (SA) families and health-care professionals (HCPs) participation in a prioritization exercise to co-produce child health research and public awareness agendas. DESIGN: A three-stage process was adopted involving the following: (i) systematic literature review, (ii) HCP scoping survey and (iii) focus groups of SA adolescents and families. A Punjabi- and Urdu-speaking community facilitator moderated focus groups. A British Sign Language interpreter assisted in the hard of hearing group...
December 8, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
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