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Parental mental illness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933586/parents-in-adult-psychiatric-care-and-their-children-a-call-for-more-interagency-collaboration-with-social-services-and-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#1
Maria Afzelius, Margareta Östman, Maria Råstam, Gisela Priebe
BACKGROUND: A parental mental illness affects all family members and should warrant a need for support. AIM: To investigate the extent to which psychiatric patients with underage children are the recipients of child-focused interventions and involved in interagency collaboration. METHODS: Data were retrieved from a psychiatric services medical record database consisting of data regarding 29,972 individuals in southern Sweden and indicating the patients' main diagnoses, comorbidity, children below the age of 18, and child-focused interventions...
September 21, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929573/prevalence-of-mental-illness-within-families-in-a-regional-child-focussed-mental-health-service
#2
Michael F A Naughton, Darryl J Maybery, Melinda Goodyear
Nearly 50% of all mental illnesses begin in childhood before the age of 14 years, and over 20% of parents have a mental illness. Few studies have examined the co-occurrence of mental illnesses in parents and children. In the present study, we examined the extent of mental illness within families of 152 clients attending an Australian regional child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS). A cross-sectional study design was employed involving a case record review and clinician-completed questionnaire of the children and youth attending a CAMHS...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929572/addressing-the-support-needs-of-families-during-the-acute-hospitalization-of-a-parent-with-mental-illness-a-narrative-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Karen P Foster, Danny Hills, Kim N Foster
Hospitalisation of a parent with acute mental health problems impacts the consumer, their extended family/carers and children. Mental health nurses are at the forefront of promoting recovery for consumers in an acute inpatient setting. Recovery-oriented care can include provision of family-focused care which supports recovery of the parent-consumer and their family members and contributes to prevention of intergenerational mental illness. The aim of this narrative literature review was to explore existing knowledge regarding the experiences, care and support needs of parent-consumers, their family members/carers and children during the parent's acute mental health hospitalisation...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929420/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-child-health-outcomes-comparing-cumulative-risk-and-latent-class-approaches
#4
Paul Lanier, Kathryn Maguire-Jack, Brianna Lombardi, Joseph Frey, Roderick A Rose
Objectives This study seeks to further the work exploring adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) by proposing a novel approach to understanding the impact of ACEs through applying advanced analytical methods to examine whether combinations of ACEs differentially impact child health outcomes. Methods Using National Survey of Children's Health data, we use latent class analysis to estimate associations between classes of ACEs and child health outcomes. Results Class membership predicts child poor health, with differences found for specific ACE combinations...
September 19, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928043/treating-postpartum-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-primary-care-pediatrics
#5
Polina Umylny, Miguelina German, Alexa Lantiere
Postpartum psychiatric disorders represent a significant public health problem that has not been readily addressed, particularly in the primary care setting. As maternal mood and anxiety difficulties are associated with a number of adverse outcomes for the mother, her offspring and the family system, addressing these concerns during the perinatal period is of critical importance. Although researchers and clinicians have become increasingly aware of the problem, postpartum mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) remain widely unrecognized and poorly understood by both patients and providers...
September 16, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927515/personal-and-perceived-depression-stigma-among-arab-adolescents-associations-with-depression-severity-and-personal-characteristics
#6
Latefa Ali Dardas, Susan G Silva, Moria J Smoski, Devon Noonan, Leigh Ann Simmons
BACKGROUND: In Arab communities, the selection, utilization, and attitudes towards mental health services are substantially affected by existing mental illness stigma. However, little is known about how the stigma of depression manifests among Arab adolescents, which makes it difficult to design, implement, and disseminate effective anti-stigma interventions for this vulnerable population. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine levels of depression stigma among Arab adolescents...
October 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925105/childhood-obesity-and-school-absenteeism-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
R An, H Yan, X Shi, Y Yang
Regular school attendance is a key determinant of student's academic achievement and psychosocial development. Obesity may affect children's school attendance through its detrimental impact on their physical and mental health. A literature search was conducted in the PubMed, Web of Science and Cochrane Library for articles published until April 2017 that examined the relationship between unhealthy body weight and school absenteeism among children and adolescents. Thirteen studies total (10 cross-sectional and three longitudinal) conducted in seven countries were identified...
September 18, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919342/mothers-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-their-young-children-s-development
#8
Jing Sun, Falguni Patel, Ruth Rose-Jacobs, Deborah A Frank, Maureen M Black, Mariana Chilton
INTRODUCTION: This study examined how mothers' Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) relate to their children's developmental risk and assessed how the association is mediated through mothers' depressive symptoms and fair/poor health. METHODS: Mothers of children aged between 4 months and 4 years were recruited from the emergency department of a children's hospital between March 2012 and June 2015 and interviewed about ACEs, mothers' depressive symptoms and health status, and children's developmental risk (screened via Parents' Evaluations of Developmental Status [PEDS])...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906576/families-living-with-parental-mental-illness-and-their-experiences-of-family-interventions
#9
M Afzelius, L Plantin, M Östman
INTRODUCTION: Although research has shown that evidence-based family interventions in research settings improve the communication and understanding of parental mental illness, there is a lack of knowledge about interventions in an everyday clinical context. AIM: This study explores how families with parental mental illness experience family interventions in a natural clinical context in psychiatric services. METHOD: Five families with children aged 10-12 were recruited from psychiatric services in southern Sweden and interviewed in a manner inspired by naturalistic inquiry and content analysis...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888195/children-s-and-adults-understanding-of-death-cognitive-parental-and-experiential-influences
#10
Georgia Panagiotaki, Michelle Hopkins, Gavin Nobes, Emma Ward, Debra Griffiths
This study explored the development of understanding of death in a sample of 4- to 11-year-old British children and adults (N=136). It also investigated four sets of possible influences on this development: parents' religion and spiritual beliefs, cognitive ability, socioeconomic status, and experience of illness and death. Participants were interviewed using the "death concept" interview that explores understanding of the subcomponents of inevitability, universality, irreversibility, cessation, and causality of death...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885950/family-characteristics-associated-with-child-maltreatment-across-the-deployment-cycle-of-u-s-army-soldiers
#11
Douglas Strane, Kevin G Lynch, Heather M Griffis, Christine M Taylor, Gerlinde C Harb, Lanyu Mi, Lihai Song, Benjamin French, David M Rubin
OBJECTIVE: Soldier deployment can create a stressful environment for U.S. Army families with young children. Prior research has identified elevated rates of child maltreatment in the 6 months immediately following a soldier's return home from deployment. In this study, we longitudinally examine how other child- and family-level characteristics influence the relationship of deployment to risk for maltreatment of dependent children of U.S. Army soldiers. METHODS: We conducted a person-time analysis of substantiated reports and medical diagnoses of maltreatment among the 73,404 children of 56,087 U...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869922/a-qualitative-study-of-experience-of-parents-of-adolescents-who-received-ect
#12
Sandeep Grover, Natarajan Varadharajan, Ajit Avasthi
AIM OF THIS STUDY: To evaluate the experience of parents of adolescents who received ECT for severe mental illness. METHODOLOGY: Using qualitative methods, 6 parents of 5 adolescents were interviewed by using a self-designed semi-structured interview after the completion of ECT course. The clinicians involved in the ECT procedure, i.e., seeking informed consent and administration of ECT were not aware about the study. All the interviews were recorded and the content was analysed and themes were generated...
August 31, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869667/children-with-ill-parents-extent-and-nature-of-caring-activities
#13
Ellen Katrine Kallander, Bente M Weimand, Saul Becker, Betty Van Roy, Ketil Hanssen-Bauer, Kristin Stavnes, Anne Faugli, Elin Kufås, Torleif Ruud
RATIONALE: Previous studies have shown that children may take on higher extents of caring activities if their parents are affected by severe illness or disability, especially when their parents lack access to formal and informal care. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study examined the extent and nature of caring activities done by patients' children; differences in caring activities between different types of parental illness; factors associated with caring activities...
September 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867407/childhood-adversities-and-clinical-symptomatology-in-first-episode-psychosis
#14
Maija Lindgren, Teemu Mäntylä, Eva Rikandi, Minna Torniainen-Holm, Isabel Morales-Muñoz, Tuula Kieseppä, Outi Mantere, Jaana Suvisaari
In addition to severe traumatic experiences, milder, more common childhood adversities reflecting psychosocial burden may also be common in people with psychotic disorders and have an effect on symptomatology and functioning. We explored eleven negative childhood experiences and their influence on clinical symptoms among young adults with first-episode psychosis (FEP, n = 75) and matched population controls (n = 51). Individuals with FEP reported more adversities than controls. Specifically serious conflicts within the family, bullying at school, maternal mental health problems, and one's own and parents' serious illness during childhood were experienced by the patients more often than by controls...
August 26, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865663/income-inequality-and-the-differential-effect-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-in-us-children
#15
Neal Halfon, Kandyce Larson, John Son, Michael Lu, Christina Bethell
OBJECTIVE: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) can affect health and development across the life course. Despite a general understanding that adversity is associated with lower income, we know less about how ACEs manifest at different income levels and how these income-related patterns affect children's health and development. METHODS: Data from the 2011 to 2012 National Survey of Children's Health were used to examine the prevalence of 9 ACEs in US children, across 4 levels of household income, and in relationship to 5 parent-reported measures of child health...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865661/methods-to-assess-adverse-childhood-experiences-of-children-and-families-toward-approaches-to-promote-child-well-being-in-policy-and-practice
#16
Christina D Bethell, Adam Carle, James Hudziak, Narangerel Gombojav, Kathleen Powers, Roy Wade, Paula Braveman
BACKGROUND: Advances in human development sciences point to tremendous possibilities to promote healthy child development and well-being across life by proactively supporting safe, stable and nurturing family relationships (SSNRs), teaching resilience, and intervening early to promote healing the trauma and stress associated with disruptions in SSNRs. Assessing potential disruptions in SSNRs, such as adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), can contribute to assessing risk for trauma and chronic and toxic stress by asking about ACEs can help with efforts to prevent and attenuate negative impacts on child development and both child and family well-being...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840960/parental-hospital-treated-somatic-illnesses-and-psychosis-of-the-offspring-the-northern-finland-birth-cohort-1986-study
#17
Sami Räsänen, Mika Niemelä, Tanja Nordström, Helinä Hakko, Marianne Haapea, Catherine A Marshall, Jouko Miettunen
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate whether parental somatic illnesses during childhood increase the risk for later psychosis in the offspring. In addition, we examined which parental illnesses in particular are associated with increased risk of psychosis in the offspring. METHOD: The data of the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986 (NFBC 1986), included 9137 children born alive in northern Finland between the July 1, 1985, and the June 30, 1986. Information regarding the parents' somatic morbidity was collected through various healthcare registers up to age 28 of the cohort members...
August 25, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840931/parent-child-relationships-implementation-of-a-screening-and-referral-program-for-adolescents-with-mood-disorders
#18
Bryson C Okeoma
Parent-child relational problems (PCRP) have been increasingly recognized as a risk factor in the development and/or progression of childhood mental illnesses. Despite many young individuals being at risk, health care providers do not specifically screen for PCRP in children diagnosed with mental illnesses. The objective of the current project was to implement a PCRP screening program in a metropolitan children's hospital and refer those with PCRP for treatment. Adolescents ages 10 to 17 presenting for admission in an inpatient pediatric psychiatric unit were screened with the PCRP semi-structured questionnaire and diagnostic criteria developed by the American Psychiatric Association's Relational Processes Workgroup...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837938/the-relations-between-inadequate-parent-child-boundaries-and-borderline-personality-disorder-in-adolescence
#19
Salome Vanwoerden, Allison Kalpakci, Carla Sharp
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a severe mental illness that onsets in adolescence. Research has demonstrated the central role of parent-child relationships for the development and maintenance of BPD although more research is necessary to clarify the specific dynamics that relate to BPD during adolescence. Based on preliminary research establishing the importance of parent-child boundaries for adolescent BPD, this study sought to evaluate the relations between different forms of inadequate boundaries and BPD in adolescence using a multi-method approach...
August 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834111/parenting-stress-in-caregivers-of-children-with-chronic-physical-condition-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Martin Pinquart
On the basis of the parenting stress model we compared levels of parenting stress in families with and without a child with a chronic physical condition and analysed correlates of parenting stress in families with a child with a chronic condition. A systematic search through electronic databases identified 547 relevant studies that were included in a random-effects meta-analysis. Parents of children with a chronic condition showed small to moderate elevations of general parenting stress and stress related to the parent-child relationship in particular...
August 18, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
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