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Parental mental illness

Divya Ballal, Janardhana Navaneetham
BACKGROUND: Children of parents with mental illness are not routinely included in psychoeducational and supportive family interventions provided by adult mental health systems. The family, therefore, is an important and, sometimes, the only source of information and support for them. AIM: To understand the experiences of well parents in talking to their children about parental mental illness. METHOD: This article presents the findings of a qualitative study of the experiences of well parents in talking to their children about parental mental illness...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Qiong Wu, Christina Dalman, Håkan Karlsson, Glyn Lewis, David P J Osborn, Renee Gardner, Joseph F Hayes
Background: Mounting evidence implicates early life and prenatal immune disturbances in the etiology of severe mental illnesses. Asthma is a common illness associated with chronic aberrant immune responses. We aimed to determine if asthma in childhood and parents is associated with bipolar and schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Methods: A cohort study including all children born in Sweden 1973-1995 (N > 2 million) assessing associations between childhood hospitalization for asthma, parental asthma during and pre-pregnancy, and subsequent bipolar and schizophrenia spectrum disorders...
March 9, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
David Roe, Amit Yamin
Research around the world has consistently shown that people with serious mental illness (SMI) are often subject to stronglyheld stigmatizing attitudes held by others in society (e.g., dangerousness, incompetence, inability to work). As a result, people with SMI often experience "internalized stigma" or "self-stigma" which reflects the process by which stigmatizing attitudes are internalized, leading to the loss of previously held or hoped for identities (e.g., self as student, self as worker, self as parent, etc...
September 2017: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
Jason M Nagata, Sejal Hathi, B Jane Ferguson, Michele J Hindin, Sachiyo Yoshida, David A Ross
Background: In order to clarify priorities and stimulate research in adolescent health in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), the World Health Organization (WHO) conducted two priority-setting exercises based on the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative (CHNRI) methodology related to 1) adolescent sexual and reproductive health and 2) eight areas of adolescent health including communicable diseases prevention and management, injuries and violence, mental health, non-communicable diseases management, nutrition, physical activity, substance use, and health policy...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
Cory Taylor, Jamie C Fertal, Solomon Liao
BACKGROUND: Withdrawal of life-support for an individual with refractory schizophrenia following attempted suicide remains controversial. Discussion regarding prognosis of mental illness and the distinction between somatic and mental illness brings out many ethical issues. This paper will examine the role and weight of severe persistent mental illness in the withdrawal of life support following attempted suicide. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 30-year-old gentleman with deafness and schizophrenia was admitted with multiple self-inflicted visceral stab wounds...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Andrea Fossati, Antonella Somma
People having intimate relationships with persons suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD) - for instance, members of their family - are likely to be involved in stormy, roller coaster relationships. Thus, they may feel overwhelmed by extreme, unpredictable feelings and situations, even when they do not suffer from any mental disorder or have no problems with mentalization. As a consequence of living with a BPD relative, family members often experience an emotional and financial burden, and may blame themselves for their relative's illness or for not being able to do more to help...
February 27, 2018: Psychopathology
Priscila Caçola, Michael Killian
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: One of the major concerns for Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) are the mental and physical consequences of the condition, especially as they relate to quality of life factors. Here, we examined health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in children with DCD, determined the association between two standardized parent reports, and compared HRQOL of our sample with DCD with the normative sample of each assessment for typically developing (TD) children and a sample of children with chronic health conditions...
February 23, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Laura J Chavez, Connor Grannis, Millie Dolce, Deena J Chisolm
BACKGROUND: Caring for teens with special health care needs places physical and mental health burdens on parents, which can be exacerbated by the stresses of transitions to independence. Medical homes can improve teen transitions to greater self-management and reduce health care-related time and financial burdens for families. This analysis examines the association between parent-reported teen medical home status and caregiver health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHODS: The study sample included parents/caregivers of teens with special health care needs, ages 15-18, recruited from a pediatric Medicaid accountable care organization who participated in a survey (response rate=40...
February 22, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
K M Abel, R E Elliott, D Downey, H Strachan, A Elmadih, A Wieck, S Williams, J Crowell, M W Wan
Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness that may significantly affect maternal sensitive behaviour. Neural correlates of maternal behaviour represent a potentially valuable means of differentiating objectively between healthy mothers expressing variations in maternal sensitivity. As mothers with schizophrenia (MWS) show deficits in behavioural responses to infants compared to healthy mothers, we explored whether maternal brain responses to infant stimuli would be significantly reduced in MWS. We also examined whether differences in maternal behaviour between healthy and ill mothers (during play interactions with own infant) were associated with differences in brain activation to infant stimuli...
February 19, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
Jenny H Conviser, Sheehan D Fisher, Susanna A McColley
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric chronic illnesses (CI) can affect a child's mental health. Chronic illnesses with treatment regimens that specify a therapeutic diet may place the child at increased risk for disordered eating and specific eating disorders (ED). The aim of this review is to examine the relation between diet-treated CI and disordered eating and to determine the order of onset to infer directionality. Diet-treated CI is hypothesized to precede and to be associated with disordered eating...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Ryan Todd, Shree Bhalerao, Michael T Vu, Sophie Soklaridis, Michael D Cusimano
OBJECTIVE: The following study was undertaken to investigate the effect of concussion and psychiatric illness on athletes and their caregivers. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 20 ice hockey stakeholders (17 men and 3 women) including minor and professional players, coaches, parents, and physicians were conducted over two years (2012-2014). These interviews were analyzed using grounded theory. RESULTS: From this analysis, a common biographical theme emerged whereby the subject's identity as a hockey player, constructed early in life over many years, was disrupted by concussion...
2018: PloS One
Aine Horgan, Peter Kelly, John Goodwin, Laura Behan
This study examined the prevalence of depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation among 220 first year undergraduate university students in Ireland. Data were collected using the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale and the Suicidal Behaviours Questionnaire. Findings indicated that 59% of participants experienced depressive symptoms and 28.5% had suicidal ideation. Financial stress and poor relationships with both parents, increased the odds of experiencing depressive symptoms. Sexual orientation, financial stress, and poor relationships with fathers, increased the odds of experiencing suicidal ideation...
February 21, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Mingyi Chen, Rebecca E Lacey
BACKGROUND: The relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACE) and poorer health across the life course is well established. Increased chronic inflammation might be one mechanism through which these associations operate. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between ACE and adult inflammation using a prospective longitudinal study. We also investigated whether associations were explained by life course socioeconomic, psychological and health behavioural factors, and whether associations differed by gender...
February 16, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Kuan-Ying Lee, Chung-Yi Li, Kun-Chia Chang, Tsung-Hsueh Lu, Ying-Yeh Chen
BACKGROUND: We investigated the age at exposure to parental suicide and the risk of subsequent suicide completion in young people. The impact of parental and offspring sex was also examined. METHOD: Using a cohort study design, we linked Taiwan's Birth Registry (1978-1997) with Taiwan's Death Registry (1985-2009) and identified 40,249 children who had experienced maternal suicide (n = 14,431), paternal suicide (n = 26,887), or the suicide of both parents (n = 281)...
January 2018: Crisis
Eileen M Condon, Lois S Sadler, Linda C Mayes
Exposure to stressful environments in early childhood can cause a toxic stress response and lead to poor health outcomes, including obesity, cardiac disease, diabetes, and mental illness. In animals and maltreated children, the presence of a nurturing caregiver can buffer against the physiological disruptions associated with a toxic stress response; however, the specific caregiver and parenting characteristics that best promote a protective relationship in humans remain largely unexplored, particularly in families living in high-risk environments...
February 14, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
Geraldine Macdonald, Fiona Alderdice, Mike Clarke, Oliver Perra, Fiona Lynn, Theresa McShane, Sharon Millen
Background: Children born to mothers who experience social complexity (e.g. substance misuse, intimate partner violence, mental ill health, a history of maltreatment) are at increased risk for a range of adverse outcomes at birth and during development. Home visiting programmes have been advocated as a strategy for improving outcomes for disadvantaged mothers and children, such as the Nurse-Family Partnership for young, socially disadvantaged first-time mothers. However, no evidence-based programme is available for multiparous women or older first-time mothers...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Minerva Blázquez Barba, Dolores Gómez Romero, Isidora Frontaura Fernández, Abdón Camacho Ojeda, Francisco M Rodríguez Salas, Higinio Toriz Cano
OBJECTIVE: To describe Internet sources used by adolescents to consult health information and their sociodemographic characteristics, as well as to identify the variables that influence the choice of Internet site. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive study. Survey adapted from the questionnaire validated by Rideout. PARTICIPANTS AND LOCATION: Adolescents aged 12-18 from 4schools in rural municipalities. RESULTS: The study included a total of 405 adolescents, of whom 51...
February 6, 2018: Atencion Primaria
Amanda Holt, Phillip C Shon
An examination of scholarly literature concerning fatal violence (i.e., parricide) and non-fatal violence toward parents reveals dominant themes of mental illness, child abuse, and pathology based on a research paradigm that focuses on adolescent perpetrators and, to a lesser extent, elderly victims. This article presents a critical analysis of this literature and argues for a more contextualized approach to the study of violence against parents. It is argued that criminologists should widen their methodological lens to examine this issue from a life course perspective and draw on conceptual tools such as developmental pathways, sources of conflict, and intersectionality to allow for an analysis that can offer new ways of thinking about violence toward parents...
March 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Sheri Volger, Jeanne M Landgraf, Meng Mao, John Ge, Robert Northington, Nicholas P Hays
Objective Evaluate the feasibility and psychometric properties of the Infant Toddler Quality of Life (ITQOL) questionnaire as a measure of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a sample of Chinese infants. Methods The linguistically validated Simplified Chinese version of the ITQOL was used in a multicenter, observational study of healthy, term infants (N = 427), age 6 weeks at enrollment, in China. At Days 1 and 48, parents/guardians completed the ITQOL, the Short Form Health Survey (SF-12v2) and the Infant Gastrointestinal Symptom Questionnaire (IGSQ)...
February 3, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Elizabeth Flood-Grady, Jody Koenig Kellas
Guided by Communicated Narrative Sense-making Theory (CNSM), the current study investigated mental illness (MI) narratives told within families and the lessons younger members learned from these stories. Individual, semi-structured interviews with young adults (N = 24) revealed that family members, mainly parents, share stories about the MIs of individual family members and narratives reflected themes of struggle and caution. Participants reported learning important lessons from these MI narratives (i.e., MI awareness, importance of understanding MI)...
February 2, 2018: Health Communication
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