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Parental mental illness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779266/associations-of-mental-health-with-cardiovascular-risk-phenotypes-and-adiposity-in-adolescence-a-cross-sectional-community-based-study
#1
Kate Lycett, Clare McNamara, Fiona K Mensah, David Burgner, Jessica A Kerr, Josh Muller, Melissa Wake
AIM: Cardiovascular disease and mental illness commonly co-occur in later life, but it is unknown how early these associations arise. We aimed to determine the extent to which: (i) childhood mental health is associated with functional and structural cardiovascular risk phenotypes and adiposity in late childhood/adolescence, and (ii) associations between mental health and cardiovascular phenotypes may be explained by differential body mass index. METHODS: This cross-sectional study drew on three longitudinal community-based cohort studies (two enriched for overweight/obesity) in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia, with harmonized follow-up in 2014...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778009/exploring-opioid-use-disorder-its-impact-and-treatment-among-individuals-experiencing-homelessness-as-part-of-a-family
#2
Avik Chatterjee, Eun Jin Yu, Lindsay Tishberg
BACKGROUND: Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) causes significant morbidity and mortality among people experiencing homelessness. We aimed to explore the unique way in which OUD impacts individuals experiencing homelessness as part of a family. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with adults experiencing OUD staying in Boston-area family shelters along with dependent children. We used Borkan's Immersion-Crystallization method to uncover themes from interview transcripts...
May 12, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772468/understanding-child-protection-decisions-involving-parents-with-mental-illness-and-substance-abuse
#3
Joseph N Roscoe, Bridgette Lery, Jaclyn E Chambers
Among children investigated for maltreatment, those with parents experiencing mental illness or substance abuse are more likely to be placed out-of-home; however, little is known about why these children are at greater risk. Using a sample of 2488 Structured Decision Making® assessments administered in San Francisco county from 2011 to 2015, we identified a profile of safety threats that accounts for why workers are more likely to determine children of parents with mental illness and/or substance abuse unsafe in the home...
May 14, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760769/family-assessment-conversations-as-a-tool-to-support-families-affected-by-parental-mental-illness-a-retrospective-review-of-electronic-patient-journals
#4
Camilla Lauritzen, Anne Berit Kolmannskog, Anette Christine Iversen
Background: Previous research has shown a link between parental mental illness and adverse development in their offspring. In Norway, it is mandatory for health professionals to identify if patients in adult mental health services have children, and subsequently to provide support for the children. An important tool to detect if families are affected by parental mental illness and to assess if there is a need for further intervention is the Family Assessment Conversation. Family Assessment Conversations is potentially a powerful tool for communication with families affected by parental mental illness because it facilitates early identification of children at risk of various adversities due to the family situation...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752809/exploring-the-relationship-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#5
Faizan Kabani, Kristine Lykens, Hyo Jung Tak
OBJECTIVES: Evidence indicates that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have destructive impacts on quality of life, health outcomes, and health-care expenditures. Studies further demonstrate a dose-response relationship between the number of ACEs and risk for experiencing chronic illness, such as oral diseases later in life. Research is scarce on the prioritization of contextualized public health interventions addressing this important threat. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from 2011 to 2012 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) provided a nationally representative sample of children in the United States, ages 1-17 for dentate status (n = 61,530)...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741125/association-between-parental-hospital-treated-somatic-illnesses-in-childhood-and-later-mental-disorders-among-offspring-up-to-early-adulthood-an-explorative-study-in-the-1987-finnish-birth-cohort
#6
Marko Merikukka, Sami Räsänen, Helinä Hakko, Tiina Ristikari, Mika Gissler, Mika Niemelä
AIMS: Earlier studies on the associations between parental somatic illnesses and children's psychological wellbeing have focused on the most common somatic illnesses or on specific groups of illnesses. In this study, we aimed to systematically examine whether parental somatic illnesses, diagnosed during an offspring's childhood, are associated with later mental disorders of the offspring and, if so, identify which parental somatic illnesses in particular increase the likelihood for later mental disorders among the offspring...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717630/knowledge-and-causal-attributions-for-mental-disorders-in-hiv-positive-children-and-adolescents-results-from-rural-and-urban-uganda
#7
W Nalukenge, F Martin, J Seeley, E Kinyanda
Increasing availability of antiretroviral treatment (ART) has led HIV to be considered a chronic disease, shifting attention to focus on quality of life including mental wellbeing. We investigated knowledge and causal attributions for mental disorders in HIV-positive children and adolescents in rural and urban Uganda. This qualitative study was nested in an epidemiological mental health study among HIV-positive children and adolescents aged 5-17 years in rural and urban Uganda. In-depth interviews were conducted with caregivers of HIV-positive children (5-11 years) and adolescents (12-17 years) in HIV care...
May 2, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708367/defining-peerness-developing-peer-supports-for-parents-with-mental-illnesses
#8
Joanne Nicholson, Anne Valentine
TOPIC: This article addresses critical considerations in the development of peer supports for parents with mental illnesses, focusing on the question of what makes a peer a peer in the parent peer specialist domain. PURPOSE: The implementation and testing of parent peer supports requires specification of the critical components of the model, including the qualities, characteristics, and unique contributions of the parent peer specialist. SOURCES USED: Themes emerged in Parent Peer Specialist Project Advisory Group discussions, with members drawing from lived experience, practice expertise, and conversations with experts...
April 30, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704916/social-exclusion-in-adult-informal-carers-a-systematic-narrative-review-of-the-experiences-of-informal-carers-of-people-with-dementia-and-mental-illness
#9
REVIEW
Nan Greenwood, Gillian Mezey, Raymond Smith
Social exclusion has a negative impact on quality of life. People living with dementia or mental health disorders as well as informal carers have been separately described as socially excluded. The objective of this systematic narrative review was to examine the extent to which social exclusion experienced by adult informal carers of people living with dementia or severe mental health disorders has been identified and described in research literature. It synthesised qualitative and quantitative evidence and included the perspectives of carers themselves and of professionals...
June 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683021/family-focused-practice-for-families-affected-by-maternal-mental-illness-and-substance-misuse-in-home-visiting-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#10
Rachel A Leonard, Mark Linden, Anne Grant
Maternal mental illness is a major public health issue and can adversely affect the whole family. Increasingly, research and policy are recognizing the benefits of a family-focused approach to practice, an approach that emphasizes the family as the unit of care. This review was conducted with the aim of systematically analyzing the qualitative literature surrounding health visitors' family-focused practice with mothers who have mental illness and/or substance misuse. Through the synthesis, we developed three main findings: (a) parents' needs regarding health visitors' family-focused practice, (b) the ambiguity of mental illness in health visiting, and (c) the challenges of family-focused practice in health visiting...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667699/lean-perspectives-a-case-for-implementing-parent-child-relational-problem-screening
#11
Bryson C Okeoma
The purpose of the current study was to make a case for instituting parent-child relational problem (PCRP) screening as a standard of care in pediatric inpatient psychiatric units due to increasing evidence that PCRP may be an underreported problem that affects more adolescents than currently realized. Adolescents who are admitted to the hospital for mood exacerbation, suicidal ideation, self-harm behavior, or behavioral escalation may improve and be discharged. However, these adolescents often are readmitted, which may be associated with parent-child relational factors...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662526/factors-predicting-length-of-stay-in-an-adolescent-psychiatric-unit-south-bronx-ny-a-short-report
#12
Muhammad Zeshan, Ahmed Waqas, Sadiq Naveed, Hamzah Ghulam, Pankaj Manocha
Objective: Mental health disorders account for around 1.8 million inpatient community hospital stays in the U.S.A. Our study aims to highlight the factors impacting the length of stay at a community hospital in the U.S.A. Methods: We reviewed 300 randomly selected charts to examine the factors impacting the length of stay in an adolescent inpatient psychiatric unit in 2011 and 2015. All data were analyzed in SPSS v. 20 with multiple regression analysis. Results: Longer length of stay among adolescents was associated with multiple psychiatric diagnoses, co-occurring medical comorbidities, not living with biological parents, history of mental illness, legal problems, substance use in the family, seclusion, restraints during current admission, and schizophrenia...
April 2018: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650213/the-experience-of-adolescents-having-mentally-ill-parents-with-pasung
#13
Andi Buanasari, Novy Helena Catharina Daulima, Ice Yulia Wardani
OBJECTIVE: Lack of knowledge and powerlessness make family restrains, chains or confines (pasung) the family member with mental illness. This study aimed to explore the experience of adolescents having mentally ill parents with pasung. METHOD: To achieve detailed and accurate understandings of adolescents' experiences, this study used a qualitative research design with a phenomenological approach. Purposive sampling was employed to find teenagers aged 12-19 years old who had mentally ill parents with pasung...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649074/parental-bereavement-in-young-children-living-in-south-africa-and-malawi-understanding-mental-health
#14
A Macedo, L Sherr, M Tomlinson, S Skeen, K J Roberts
BACKGROUND: Parental loss is a major stressful event found to increase risk of mental health problems in childhood. Yet, some children show resilient adaptation in the face of adversity across time. SETTING: This study explores predictors of mental health resilience among parentally bereaved children in South Africa and Malawi, and their cumulative effect. The study also explores whether predictors of resilience differed between orphaned and non-orphaned children...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627115/migrant-children-within-europe-a-systematic-review-of-children-s-perspectives-on-their-health-experiences
#15
REVIEW
P Curtis, J Thompson, H Fairbrother
OBJECTIVES: To review the extant literature to explore what is known about children's own perspectives on their health experiences, focussing on children and young people who have migrated into, and within, Europe. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review with narrative synthesis. METHODS: A review of English language articles was performed in June 2016 using the following databases: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane and Web of Science. Included articles had to report data generated directly with children, up to 18 years of age, who had migrated across national borders into, or within, Europe during their own lifetimes...
April 4, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624803/towards-co-designing-active-ageing-strategies-a-qualitative-study-to-develop-a-meaningful-physical-activity-typology-for-later-life
#16
Cornelia Guell, Jenna Panter, Simon Griffin, David Ogilvie
BACKGROUND: Physical activity levels decline in later life despite the known benefits for physical, cognitive and mental health. Older people find it difficult to meet activity targets; therefore, more realistic and meaningful strategies are needed. We aimed to develop a typology of older people's motivations and lifelong habits of being active as a starting point to co-designing active ageing strategies in a workshop. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 27 participants aged 65-80 in Norfolk, UK, and participant observation with 17 of them...
April 6, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617531/consanguineous-marriage-and-the-psychopathology-of-progeny-a-population-wide-data-linkage-study
#17
Aideen Maguire, Foteini Tseliou, Dermot O'Reilly
Importance: Approximately 1 in 10 children worldwide are born to consanguineous parents. The literature on consanguinity and mental health of progeny is scarce despite the fact that many of the factors associated with consanguineous unions are also associated with mental health. Objective: To investigate if children of consanguineous parents are at increased risk of common mood disorders or psychoses. Design, Setting, and Participants: This investigation was a retrospective population-wide cohort study of all individuals born in Northern Ireland between January 1, 1971, and December 31, 1986, derived from the Child Health System data set and linked to nationwide administrative data sources on prescription medication and death records...
April 4, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594369/maternal-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-antepartum-risks-the-moderating-role-of-social-support
#18
Nicole Racine, Sheri Madigan, Andre Plamondon, Erin Hetherington, Sheila McDonald, Suzanne Tough
The aims of the current study were to examine the association between maternal adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and antepartum health risks, and to investigate whether social support moderated this association. It was hypothesized that ACEs would be associated with antepartum health risks; however, social support in the prenatal period would buffer mothers from the deleterious consequences of ACEs. Data from 1994 women (mean age = 31 years) and their infants were collected from a longitudinal cohort recruited in health care offices in Alberta, Canada...
March 28, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580563/predictors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-chronically-ill-children-and-adolescents-over-time
#19
D Barthel, U Ravens-Sieberer, S Nolte, U Thyen, M Klein, O Walter, A-K Meyrose, M Rose, C Otto
OBJECTIVE: This study aims at identifying predictors of generic health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in chronically ill children and adolescents over time. The newly developed computer-adaptive test Kids-CAT was used to assess five dimensions of HRQoL. METHODS: Longitudinal data from the Kids-CAT study on children and adolescents with asthma, diabetes and juvenile arthritis (n = 248; aged 7-17 years) were assessed at three measurement points over six months...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577790/parent-psychological-distress-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-within-the-context-of-the-social-ecological-model-a-scoping-review
#20
Kristy Loewenstein
BACKGROUND: Neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) parents are at risk for psychological distress and impaired mental health, and statistics related to parent psychological distress vary. OBJECTIVE: To determine the scope of literature regarding the mental health and psychosocial well-being of parents in the NICU. DESIGN: A scoping review within the Arksey and O'Malley framework and the SEM was undertaken to answer, "What factors contribute to parent's mental health in the NICU?" A systematic review of the literature was performed using the PRISMA methodology...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
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