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Interpersonal psychotherapy

Kim Glickman, M Katherine Shear, Melanie M Wall
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we examined the mechanisms of action of complicated grief treatment (CGT), an efficacious psychotherapy for complicated grief. METHOD: We explored 3 putative mediators (guilt/self-blame related to the deceased, negative thoughts about the future, and avoidance) among treatment completers assigned to either CGT (n = 35) or interpersonal psychotherapy (n = 34) in a previously reported randomized controlled trial. Antidepressant use was examined as a moderator of mediation effects...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Michael J Constantino, Holly B Laws, Alice E Coyne, Roger P Greenberg, Daniel N Klein, Rachel Manber, Barbara O Rothbaum, Bruce A Arnow
Objective: Theories posit that chronically depressed individuals have hostile and submissive interpersonal styles that undermine their interpersonal effectiveness and contribute to the cause and maintenance of their depression. Recent findings support this theory and demonstrate that chronically depressed patients' interpersonal impacts on their therapist become more adaptive (i.e., less hostile and submissive, and more friendly and assertive) during a targeted chronic depression treatment: cognitive-behavioral analysis system of psychotherapy (CBASP)...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Amritha Bhat, Nancy K Grote, Joan Russo, Mary Jane Lohr, Hyunzee Jung, Caroline E Rouse, Elaine C Howell, Jennifer L Melville, Kathy Carson, Wayne Katon
OBJECTIVE: The study examined the effectiveness of a perinatal collaborative care intervention in moderating the effects of adverse neonatal birth events on risks of postpartum depressive symptoms and impaired functioning among women of lower socioeconomic status with antenatal depression. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial with blinded outcome assessments was conducted in ten public health centers, comparing MOMCare (choice of brief interpersonal psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, or both) with intensive maternity support services (MSS-Plus)...
October 3, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Rebecca Woodhouse, Matthew Neilson, Marrissa Martyn-St James, Julie Glanville, Catherine Hewitt, Amanda E Perry
BACKGROUND: Drug-using offenders with co-occurring mental health problems are common in the criminal justice system. A combination of drug use and mental health problems makes people more likely to be arrested for criminal involvement after release compared to offenders without a mental health problem. Previous research has evaluated interventions aimed broadly at those with a drug problem but rarely with drug use and mental health problems. This systematic review considers the effectiveness of interventions for drug-using offenders with co-occurring mental health problems...
December 2016: Health & Justice
Florence Dorr, Christian Firus, Rolf Kramer, Jürgen Bengel
Chronic interpersonal traumata systematically result in psychological impairments referred to as complex post-traumatic stress disorder (cPTSD or DESNOS). This diagnosis will be newly established in the ICD-11 system. However, there is need for diagnostic instruments to assess cPTSD. The aim was to develop a screening form to identify patients at risk for cPTSD. The Screening for complex PTSD (SkPTBS) tests a) experience of potential traumatic events, b) related influential features and risk factors, and c) symptoms of cPTSD...
September 29, 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
P A Geoffroy, J-A Micoulaud Franchi, R Lopez, I Poirot, A Brion, S Royant-Parola, B Etain
OBJECTIVES: Sleep complaints are very common in bipolar disorders (BD) both during acute phases (manic and depressive episodes) and remission (about 80 % of patients with remitted BD have poor sleep quality). Sleep complaints during remission are of particular importance since they are associated with more mood relapses and worse outcomes. In this context, this review discusses the characterization and treatment of sleep complaints in BD. METHODS: We examined the international scientific literature in June 2016 and performed a literature search with PubMed electronic database using the following headings: "bipolar disorder" and ("sleep" or "insomnia" or "hypersomnia" or "circadian" or "apnoea" or "apnea" or "restless legs")...
September 23, 2016: L'Encéphale
Stanley E Althof
Premature ejaculation (PE) is a male sexual dysfunction that creates considerable anguish for the man, his partner and their relationship. PE is not one disorder but includes the four subtypes (lifelong, acquired, natural and subjective) each with unique psychological concerns and issues. Psychological treatment for men and couples with PE addresses sexual skills/techniques but also focuses on issues of self-esteem, performance anxiety and interpersonal conflict. The outcome studies for psychotherapy alone are difficult to interpret and compare because of poor methodological design (lack of control groups, small sample size, poor outcome measures and lack of follow-up)...
August 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
Jessica S Benas, Alyssa E McCarthy, Caroline A Haimm, Meghan Huang, Robert Gallop, Jami F Young
This randomized controlled trial examined the longitudinal effects of two school-based indicated depression prevention programs on adolescents' internalizing and externalizing symptoms, as measured by adolescents, their parents, and their teachers. One hundred eighty-six adolescents participated in this study. The average age was 14.01 (SD = 1.22) years, and the sample was 66.7% female. One third of the sample belonged to a racial minority. Youth received either Interpersonal Psychotherapy-Adolescent Skills Training or group counseling...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Kelley A Tompkins, Joshua K Swift, Tony G Rousmaniere, Jason L Whipple
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between clients' etiological beliefs for depression and treatment preferences, credibility beliefs, and outcome expectations for five different depression treatments-behavioral activation, cognitive therapy, interpersonal psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and psychodynamic psychotherapy. Adult psychotherapy clients (N = 98) were asked to complete an online survey that included the Reasons for Depression Questionnaire, a brief description of each of the five treatment options, and credibility, expectancy, and preference questions for each option...
September 19, 2016: Psychotherapy
David Kealy, John S Ogrodniczuk, William E Piper, Carlos A Sierra-Hernandez
Group psychotherapy provides unique opportunities for clinical errors in the selection of patients and composition of therapy groups. This article introduces some of the difficulties and complexities that can be associated with group composition and patient selection errors. Clinical vignettes from psychodynamic/interpersonal psychotherapy groups are used to illustrate three variations of group composition and selection errors. The first vignette depicts an error in selecting a disruptive patient into a fledgling group...
September 2016: Psychotherapy
B Lavigne, E Audebert-Mérilhou, G Buisson, F Kochman, J P Clément, B Olliac
INTRODUCTION: Depression disorder may become the first cause of morbidity by 2030, according to the World Health Organization. It is actually one of the main causes of disease and handicap in children aged from 10 to 19. The major risk is suicide, whose prevalence is estimated, in France, around 6.7 for 100,000, which is probably underestimated. At present, the discussions about prescription of antidepressants in an adolescent's depression remain intense which is why psychotherapy becomes the first choice of treatment...
September 9, 2016: L'Encéphale
Anthony S J Mullin, Mark J Hilsenroth, Jerold Gold, Barry A Farber
This study explores the effectiveness of psychodynamic psychotherapy in improving facets of object relations (OR) functioning over the course of treatment. The sample consisted of 75 outpatients engaged in short-term dynamic psychotherapy at a university-based psychological services clinic. Facets of OR functioning were assessed at pre- and posttreatment by independent raters using the Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale-Global rating method (SCORS-G; Stein, Hilsenroth, Slavin-Mulford, & Pinsker, 2011 ; Westen, 1995 ) from in-session patient relational narratives...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
Golan Shahar
An integrative-psychodynamic theory of criticism in self and relationships is presented (Shahar, 2015). My theoretical starting point is the tension between Authenticity (A; our inherited potential, tantamount to Winnicott's True Self) and Self-Knowledge (SK; what we [think] we know about ourselves). Self-criticism, a formidable dimension of vulnerability to a wide array of psychopathologies, is construed as a distorted form of self-knowledge, reducing internal confusion at the expense of widening the gap between A and SK...
2016: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
Martijn J Kikkert, Ellen Driessen, Jaap Peen, Jacques P Barber, Claudi Bockting, Frans Schalkwijk, Jeff Dekker, Jack J M Dekker
BACKGROUND: Barber and Muenz (1996) reported that cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) was more effective than interpersonal therapy (IPT) for depressed patients with elevated levels of avoidant personality disorder, while IPT was more effective than CBT in patients with elevated levels of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. These findings may have important clinical implications, but have not yet been replicated. METHODS: We conducted a study using data from a randomized clinical trial comparing the efficacy of CBT and short-term psychodynamic supportive psychotherapy in the outpatient treatment of depression...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Virginia V W McIntosh, Jennifer Jordan, Janet D Carter, Suzanne E Luty, Frances A Carter, Janice M McKenzie, Christopher M A Frampton, Peter R Joyce
OBJECTIVE: Therapist adherence to cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT), interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), and specialist supportive clinical management (SSCM) for anorexia nervosa (AN), was examined across three phases of therapy in a randomized clinical trial. METHOD: Adherence in early, middle, and late phase therapy sessions from 53 of 56 participants in the trial was assessed using the CSPRS-AN by independent raters after listening to complete therapy sessions...
October 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Leo A Russell, Allan A Abbass, Steven J Allder, Steve Kisely, Bernd Pohlmann-Eden, Joel M Town
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine preliminary evidence of intensive short-term dynamic psychotherapy (ISTDP) as a treatment option for psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) in terms of impact on healthcare costs, emotional wellbeing, and somatic symptoms. METHOD: Drawn from a sample of patients treated in a tertiary psychiatric service over a nine-year period, this naturalistic pilot study compared within-group changes from pretreatment with each year up to three years posttreatment, in physician visits, physician costs, hospital admissions, and overall hospital costs...
October 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Patrick G O'Malley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
Helen Verdeli, Tatiana Therosme, Eddy Eustache, Olissaint St Hilaire, Benissois Joseph, Cemile Ceren Sönmez, Giuseppe Raviola
After the 2010 Haiti earthquake, Zanmi Lasante, a local health care organization, implemented a collaborative stepped-care model to address depression in community and primary care settings in rural Haiti. Specialized community health workers, the ajans santé, collaborate with local psychologists and primary care doctors to offer home-based evaluation, support, and follow-up. The services include brief interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) and/or medication to persons who met locally defined criteria for depression...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Helen Verdeli
In this introductory paper to the Global Mental Health volume, the inception and development of the filed in the last 15 years is reviewed, placing an emphasis on a series of pivotal turning points. A critical delivery strategy, task-shifting is briefly described, as well as the fundamental principles of Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT), an evidence-based psychotherapy being adapted and delivered in low-resource settings. Nine case studies by the trainees, supervisors, or local providers from India, the United States, Haiti, Israel, Colombia, and Kenya, presented in this volume, illustrate the prevention and treatment processes or in-depth assessment of "psychological distress" as locally defined and expressed...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Samantha Richtberg, Marion Jakob, Volkmar Höfling, Florian Weck
OBJECTIVE: Psychotherapy for hypochondriasis has greatly improved over the last decades and cognitive-behavioral treatments are most promising. However, research on predictors of treatment outcome for hypochondriasis is rare. Possible predictors of treatment outcome in cognitive therapy (CT) and exposure therapy (ET) for hypochondriasis were investigated. METHOD: Characteristics and behaviors of 75 patients were considered as possible predictors: sociodemographic variables (sex, age, and cohabitation); psychopathology (pretreatment hypochondriacal symptoms, comorbid mental disorders, and levels of depression, anxiety, and somatic symptoms); and patient in-session interpersonal behavior...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
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