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Interpersonal psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329058/association-of-comorbid-personality-disorders-with-clinical-characteristics-and-outcome-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-two-psychotherapies-for-early-onset-persistent-depressive-disorder
#1
Nele Erkens, Elisabeth Schramm, Levente Kriston, Martin Hautzinger, Martin Härter, Ulrich Schweiger, Jan Philipp Klein
BACKGROUND: Persistent depressive disorder (PDD) is associated with high rates of comorbid personality disorders (PD). The association of comorbid PD and clinical characteristics has not been systematically studied in PDD. Results regarding effects on treatment outcome are heterogeneous. METHODS: We analyzed the association of comorbid personality disorders with clinical characteristics and outcome in a randomized controlled trial comparing the disorder-specific Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy (CBASP) with nonspecific supportive psychotherapy (SP) in patients with early-onset PDD...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318627/the-acoustics-of-therapeutic-subjectivity-and-their-impact-on-the-resonance-of-mutual-recognition
#2
Matthew Steinfeld
This paper addresses how musical metaphors can be useful in understanding the substructure of psychotherapy by considering how our patients resonate inside us, what that resonance does to and for us, and how these acoustic properties seem to be foundational in the construction of the therapist as an instrument of healing. From this perspective, psychotherapy involves "living music" with another person, as the process of psychotherapy always involves the passing of sound back and forth across an interpersonal divide...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315558/lessons-from-literature-for-psychotherapy-practice-and-research1
#3
David E Orlinsky
Insights from the study of literature can inform and clarify concepts to guide psychotherapy practice and research. The author offers instances from narrative fiction (Durrell's Alexandria Quartet) and poetry (Hopkins, Baudelaire) to illustrate how the formulation of experience in words that are evocative (vs. ordinary), original (vs. trite), and precise (vs. approximate) are able to capture attention, move the emotions, and challenge beliefs; and how linkages among experiences, vividly and precisely expressed, create and enhance narrative meaning-revealing the inherent relativity of individual meanings and the need to consider the aggregate of relevant perspectives in every interpersonal situation...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310548/the-role-of-the-therapeutic-relationship-in-the-association-between-interpersonal-behaviors-and-outcome-comparison-of-two-competing%C3%A2-models
#4
Tohar Dolev, Sigal Zilcha-Mano
OBJECTIVE: The patient-therapist relationship may be the mechanism behind the effect of pretreatment interpersonal patient behaviors on the outcome of psychotherapy for depression, or the factor determining for whom interpersonal behaviors affect outcome. We seek to establish which of these two alternatives receives empirical support. METHOD: We conducted a secondary analysis of the findings from the Treatment for Depression Collaborative Research Program to examine two alternative models...
January 8, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303947/outcomes-of-acute-partial-hospital-treatment-comparison-of-two-programs-and-a-waiting-list-control
#5
Paul B Lieberman, Rendueles Villalba, Samantha G Farris
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of acute, very brief partial hospital treatment, and the comparative benefits of different types of partial hospitalization programs (PHPs), this exploratory study examined changes in psychiatric symptoms and elements of cognitive functioning during an acute PHP compared with a waiting list control, and also compared such changes in 2 PHPs that treated similar patient groups but used different treatment approaches. METHODS: Patients were admitted to 2 PHPs, one utilizing cognitive-behavioral therapy and the other interpersonal and existential psychotherapy...
November 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303042/testing-a-mediation-model-of-psychotherapy-process-and-outcome-in-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-previous-client-distress-psychodynamic-techniques-dyadic-working-alliance-and-current-client-distress
#6
Dennis M Kivlighan, Clara E Hill, Katherine Ross, Kathryn Kline, Amy Furhmann, Elizabeth Sauber
To test a sequential model of psychotherapy process and outcome, we included previous client distress, therapist psychodynamic techniques, dyadic working alliance, and current client distress. For 114 sets of eight-session segments in 40 cases of psychodynamic psychotherapy, clients completed the Outcome Questionnaire-45 and Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-32 after the first and final session, judges reliably coded one middle sessions on the Psychodynamic subscale of the Multitheoretical List of Therapeutic Interventions, and clients and therapists completed the Working Alliance Inventory after every session...
January 5, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294975/analyze-this-thematic-analysis-hostility-attribution-of-intent-and-interpersonal-perception-bias
#7
Zhana Karadenizova, Klaus-Peter Dahle
Research suggests that aggressive individuals exhibit a strong tendency to attribute hostile intent to the behavior of others when confronted with an ambiguous social situation. The vignettes method has become a standard procedure to assess hostile attributions. Vignettes represent incomplete ambiguous social stories, in which the subjects experience a negative outcome and are asked to attribute intent to the provocateur's action. This article explores the ways in which subjects perceive ambiguous social situations and other people's intentions, their tendency to refer negative outcome to oneself, and the components defining hostility in the interpersonal relationships...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277973/psychodynamic-technique-early-in-treatment-related-to-outcome-for-depressed-patients
#8
Michael Katz, Mark J Hilsenroth
We examined the relationship between psychodynamic techniques early in treatment with reliable change in depressive symptomatology. Forty-six patients admitted for individual psychodynamic psychotherapy who received a diagnosis representative of a depressive spectrum disorder were assessed pretreatment and posttreatment through self-report of depressive symptoms. Videotapes from two early treatment sessions (3rd and 9th) were independently rated on the Comparative Psychotherapy Process Scale for use of psychodynamic-interpersonal and cognitive-behavioural techniques, with excellent interrater reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient > ...
December 25, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244621/on-mourning-and-recovery-integrating-stages-of-grief-and-change-toward-a-neuroscience-based-model-of-attachment-adaptation-in-addiction-treatment
#9
R Andrew Chambers, Sue C Wallingford
Interpersonal attachment and drug addiction share many attributes across their behavioral and neurobiological domains. Understanding the overlapping brain circuitry of attachment formation and addiction illuminates a deeper understanding of the pathogenesis of trauma-related mental illnesses and comorbid substance use disorders, and the extent to which ending an addiction is complicated by being a sort of mourning process. Attention to the process of addiction recovery-as a form of grieving-in which Kubler-Ross's stages of grief and Prochaska's stages of change are ultimately describing complementary viewpoints on a general process of neural network and attachment remodeling, could lead to more effective and integrative psychotherapy and medication strategies...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238317/therapeutic-self-disclosure-within-dbt-schema-therapy-and-cbasp-opportunities-and-challenges
#10
Stephan Köhler, Anne Guhn, Felix Betzler, Christian Stiglmayr, Eva-Lotta Brakemeier, Philipp Sterzer
In recent years, various therapeutic interventions have been established that extended behavior and cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) by so-called "third-wave" strategies. In order to address specific therapeutic challenges in certain subgroups of patients who do not sufficiently respond to "classical CBT," some of these third-wave strategies put particular emphasis on therapist self-disclosure. This article highlights therapeutic self-disclosure as a means to address interpersonal problems by comparing three third-wave strategies: (a) acceptance and change strategies as used in Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT), (b) the concept of "limited reparenting" as used in Schema Therapy (ST), and (c) disciplined personal involvement as used in the Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy (CBASP)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225589/state-of-the-art-of-interpersonal-physiology-in-psychotherapy-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Johann R Kleinbub
Introduction: The fast expanding field of Interpersonal Physiology (IP) focuses on the study of co-ordination or synchronization dynamics between the physiological activities of two, or more, individuals. IP has been associated with various relational features (e.g., empathy, attachment security, rapport, closeness…) that overlap with desirable characteristics of clinical relationships, suggesting that the relevant studies might provide objective, economical, and theory-free techniques to investigate the clinical process...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225450/therapist-use-of-specific-and-nonspecific-strategies-across-two-affect-focused-psychotherapies-for-depression-role-of-adherence-monitoring
#12
Marlissa C Amole, Jill M Cyranowski, Laren R Conklin, John C Markowitz, Stacy E Martin, Holly A Swartz
Psychotherapists routinely use both specific and non-specific strategies to deliver empirically supported treatments (ESTs). Psychotherapy adherence monitoring has traditionally focused on assessing therapist use of EST-specific strategies (to distinguish between ESTs), paying less attention to non-specific techniques common to multiple psychotherapies. This study used the Collaborative Study Psychotherapy Rating Scale (CSPRS) to evaluate therapist use of both specific and non-specific techniques in two affect-focused ESTs for depression...
September 2017: Journal of Psychotherapy Integration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213344/psychotherapy-for-major-depressive-disorder-and-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-health-technology-assessment
#13
(no author information available yet)
Background: Major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder are among the most commonly diagnosed mental illnesses in Canada; both are associated with a high societal and economic burden. Treatment for major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder consists of pharmacological and psychological interventions. Three commonly used psychological interventions are cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), interpersonal therapy, and supportive therapy. The objectives of this report were to assess the effectiveness and safety of these types of therapy for the treatment of adults with major depressive disorder and/or generalized anxiety disorder, to assess the cost-effectiveness of structured psychotherapy (CBT or interpersonal therapy), to calculate the budget impact of publicly funding structured psychotherapy, and to gain a greater understanding of the experiences of people with major depressive disorder and/or generalized anxiety disorder...
2017: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201364/the-association-between-interpersonal-problems-and-treatment-outcome-in-patients-with-eating-disorders
#14
Elise Meyn Ung, Cecilie Birkmose Erichsen, Stig Poulsen, Marianne Engelbrecht Lau, Sebastian Simonsen, Annika Helgadóttir Davidsen
Background: Interpersonal problems are thought to play an essential role in the development and maintenance of eating disorders. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether a specific interpersonal profile could be identified in a group of patients diagnosed with Bulimia Nervosa, Binge Eating Disorder, or Eating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified, and to explore if specific types of interpersonal problems were systematically related to treatment outcome in this group of patients...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196478/efficacy-of-hypnotherapy-compared-to-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-mild-to-moderate-depression-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-rater-blind-trial-wiki-d
#15
Kristina Fuhr, Cornelie Schweizer, Christoph Meisner, Anil Batra
INTRODUCTION: Despite a substantial number of studies providing evidence for the efficacy of psychological treatment for mild-to-moderate depression, maximally only 50% of participants respond to treatment, even when using gold-standard treatments such as cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) and interpersonal therapy. New approaches such as the 'third wave' psychotherapies have provided promising results; however, studies concerning the comparison with evidence-based treatments are lacking...
December 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176143/effect-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-versus-interpersonal-psychotherapy-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
She-Gang Zhou, Yan-Fei Hou, Ding Liu, Xiao-Yuan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Practice guidelines have recommended cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) as the treatment of choice for major depression disorder (MDD). However, whether one therapy is better than the other remains inconclusive. The aim of this study was to compare the treatment efficacy of the two treatment approaches for MDD. METHODS: Using the terms "cognitive behavior therapy or cognitive therapy or CBT or CT or cognitive behavioral therapy" and "interpersonal psychotherapy or IPT," we systematically searched PubMed, Psyclnfo and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure databases up to February 2017...
December 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166844/the-phase-model-of-psychotherapy-outcome-domain-specific-trajectories-of-change-in-outpatient-treatment
#17
Anja Sembill, Silja Vocks, Joachim Kosfelder, Henning Schöttke
OBJECTIVE: The Phase model of psychotherapy outcome assumes a log-linear trajectory of change and allows predictions about the three outcome domains of Well-being, Symptoms, and Interpersonal functioning. Although the model has been partly validated, little is known about the types of trajectories in the specific domains and about the transferability of the model to treatments of longer duration. This study tested whether the domain-specific change trajectories followed a log-linear curve as postulated by the Phase model...
November 22, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151561/-effects-of-a-positive-psychotherapy-program-on-positive-affect-interpersonal-relations-resilience-and-mental-health-recovery-in-community-dwelling-people-with-schizophrenia
#18
Jinhee Kim, Hyunjoo Na
PURPOSE: Recently, the interest in positive psychotherapy is growing, which can help to encourage positive relationships and develop strengths of people. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of a positive psychotherapy program on positive affect, interpersonal relations, resilience, and mental health recovery in community-dwelling people with schizophrenia. METHODS: The research was conducted using a randomized control group pretest-posttest design...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145917/short-term-effects-of-the-empathic-talk-the-role-of-perceived-empathy-interpersonal-dispositions-and-vagal-tone-on-experiencing-depth
#19
Michele Dufey, Juan Enrique Wilson
The present study examines the immediate impact of empathic attitudes on the receiver, by comparing an empathic conversation (EC) with a neutral one (NC) on experiencing depth (EXP), perceived empathy and vagal tone. We also evaluate if empathy effects depend on personality dispositions relevant to interpersonal functioning. An experimental, counterbalanced, within-subject design was implemented wherein participants (n = 27, age M = 22.6, SD = 4.0, 52% females) talked about a personal, meaningful topic for 20 minutes under both the EC and NC conditions...
November 17, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130400/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-depression-with-integrated-techniques-from-emotion-focused-and-exposure-therapies
#20
Martin Grosse Holtforth, Tobias Krieger, Johannes Zimmermann, David Altenstein-Yamanaka, Nadja Dörig, Laurence Meisch, Adele M Hayes
BACKGROUND: Emotional processing (EP) is hypothesized to be a key mechanism of change in psychotherapy that may enhance its long-term efficacy. To study the effects of fostering EP in psychotherapy for depression, this randomized-controlled clinical trial compares the efficacy and pattern of change of a cognitive-behavioral therapy that integrates emotion-focused techniques within an exposure framework (Exposure-Based Cognitive Therapy for depression; EBCT-R) to a standard cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)...
November 12, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
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