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Interpersonal psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334488/the-metacognition-assessment-scale-mas-a-results-of-a-pilot-study-applying-a-german-translation-to-individuals-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#1
Anna-Lena Bröcker, Samuel Bayer, Frauke Stuke, Patrick Giemsa, Andreas Heinz, Felix Bermpohl, Paul H Lysaker, Christiane Montag
OBJECTIVES: Metacognition, the capacity 'to think about thinking' and thus to reflect and to master interpersonal problems on a mentalistic basis, is often impaired among patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and has been suggested as a potential treatment target. However, little is known about the reliability of its measurement and links with related phenomena. The aim of this study was to validate a German translation of the Metacognition Assessment Scale (MAS-A) as a measure to assess metacognition from free narratives of patients' personally relevant episodes and relationships...
March 23, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327079/patterns-of-practice-in-community-mental-health-treatment-of-adult-depression
#2
Cara C Lewis, C Nathan Marti, Brigid R Marriott, Kelli Scott, David Ayer
OBJECTIVE: Community mental health therapists often endorse an eclectic orientation, but few studies reveal how therapists utilize elements of evidence-based psychotherapies. This study aimed to characterize treatment as usual patterns of practice among therapists treating depressed adults in community mental health settings. METHOD: Therapists (N = 165) from the USA's largest not-for-profit provider of community-based mental health services completed surveys assessing their demographics and practice element use with depressed adult clients...
March 22, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321873/disintegration-of-the-self-and-the-regeneration-of-psychic-skin-in-the-treatment-of-traumatized-refugees
#3
Monica Luci
This paper presents a tentative understanding of the characteristics of the extreme traumas, elsewhere called 'complex PTSD', that some refugees and asylum-seekers bring into therapy. It suggests that these kinds of traumas suffered during adulthood may involve a disintegration of the self and a loss of 'psychic skin'. This conceptualization is derived from the treatment of a refugee who survived multiple extreme traumas and with whom efforts were made in therapy to identify a complex methodology making use of supplementary therapeutic tools in addition to individual psychotherapy...
April 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297594/the-role-of-staging-in-planning-psychotherapeutic-interventions-in-depression
#4
Jenny Guidi, Elena Tomba, Fiammetta Cosci, Seung K Park, Giovanni A Fava
CONTEXT: The purpose of this critical review is to examine the role of staging in planning a psychotherapeutic intervention in depressive disorders. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: English-language studies concerned with staging in depressive disorders were identified in MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Web of Science and by manual search of the literature. Selection of articles was based on their methodological quality and implications for clinical practice. RESULTS: Staging may allow clinicians to apply a psychotherapeutic intervention to specific phases of the development of depressive disorders: certain psychotherapeutic approaches, such as well-being therapy and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, appear to be uniquely suited for addressing the residual phase of depression, whereas interpersonal psychotherapy has been mainly tested in the acute phase...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292331/the-ghent-psychotherapy-study-gps-on-the-differential-efficacy-of-supportive-expressive-and-cognitive-behavioral-interventions-in-dependent-and-self-critical-depressive-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Reitske Meganck, Mattias Desmet, Claudi Bockting, Ruth Inslegers, Femke Truijens, Melissa De Smet, Rosa De Geest, Kimberly Van Nieuwenhove, Vicky Hennissen, Goedele Hermans, Tom Loeys, Ufuoma Angelica Norman, Chris Baeken, Stijn Vanheule
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder is a leading cause of disease burden worldwide, indicating the importance of effective therapies. Outcome studies have shown overall efficacy of different types of psychotherapy across groups, yet large variability within groups. Although patient characteristics are considered crucial in understanding outcome, they have received limited research attention. This trial aims at investigating the interaction between therapeutic approach (pre-structured versus explorative) and the personality style of patients (dependent versus self-critical), which is considered a core underlying dimension of depressive pathology...
March 14, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291968/integrative-treatment-of-personality-disorder-part-i-psychotherapy
#6
Mirjana Divac Jovanovic, Dragan Svrakic
In this paper, we outline the concept of integrative therapy of borderline personality, also referred to as fragmented personality, which we consider to be the core psychopathology underlying all clinical subtypes of personality disorder. Hence, the terms borderline personality, borderline disorder, fragmented personality, and personality disorder are used interchangeably, as synonyms. Our integrative approach combines pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy, each specifically tailored to accomplish a positive feedback modulation of their respective effects...
March 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243463/use-of-empathy-in-psychiatric-practice-constructivist-grounded-theory-study
#7
James Ross, Chris Watling
BACKGROUND: Psychiatry has faced significant criticism for overreliance on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and medications with purported disregard for empathetic, humanistic interventions. AIMS: To develop an empirically based qualitative theory explaining how psychiatrists use empathy in day-to-day practice, to inform practice and teaching approaches. METHOD: This study used constructivist grounded theory methodology to ask (a) 'How do psychiatrists understand and use empathetic engagement in the day-to-day practice of psychiatry?' and (b) 'How do psychiatrists learn and teach the skills of empathetic engagement?' The authors interviewed 17 academic psychiatrists and 4 residents and developed a theory by iterative coding of the collected data...
January 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231685/unmet-psychosocial-needs-in-adolescents-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#8
Daniela Zmeskalova, Jan Prasko, Michaela Holubova, Eva Karaskova, Marketa Marackova, Milos Slepecky, Ales Grambal, Jana Volejnikova, Vladimir Mihal, Klara Latalova
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are severe medical conditions with adverse impact on the quality of life of both children and their caregivers. IBD are associated with many limitations in personal and interpersonal functioning, and it also restricts the patients' ability to use the full potential (extent) of their capabilities. With the progress and humanization in society, the issue of patients' needs became an important topic; however, the psychosocial functioning and quality of life of adolescents suffering from IBD and their caregivers have been understudied...
October 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182451/therapeutic-alliance-subsequent-change-and-moderators-of-the-alliance-outcome-association-in-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-depression
#9
Michael J Constantino, Alice E Coyne, Emily K Luukko, Katie Newkirk, Samantha L Bernecker, Paula Ravitz, Carolina McBride
The therapeutic alliance has historically emerged as a pantheoretical correlate of favorable psychotherapy outcomes. However, uncertainty remains about the direction of the alliance-outcome link, and whether it is affected by other contextual variables. The present study explored (a) if early alliance quality predicted subsequent symptom change while controlling for the effect of prior symptom change in interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) for depression, and (b) whether baseline patient characteristics moderated the alliance-outcome relation (to help specify conditions under which alliance predicts change)...
February 9, 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135816/the-youth-mood-clinic-an-innovative-service-for-the-treatment-of-severe-and-complex-depression
#10
Simon M Rice, Steve Halperin, Sara Cahill, Ingrid Cranston, Mark Phelan, Sarah E Hetrick, Simon Blaikie, Jane Edwards, John Koutsogiannis, Christopher G Davey
OBJECTIVE: Depression is the leading cause of disability for Australians from late adolescence through mid-adulthood, and effective treatments can positively impact subsequent life course trajectories. A treatment model for the management of complex youth depression, characterised by symptom severity, multi-morbidity and ongoing suicidality is presented. CONCLUSIONS: The Youth Mood Clinic (YMC) provides multidisciplinary, team-based treatment for young people aged 15-25 years...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128017/change-in-attachment-dimensions-in-women-with-binge-eating-disorder-following-group-psychodynamic-interpersonal-psychotherapy
#11
Hilary Maxwell, Giorgio A Tasca, Renee Grenon, Megan Faye, Kerri Ritchie, Hany Bissada, Louise Balfour
OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of attachment dimensions, including coherence of mind and reflective functioning, in developing and maintaining binge-eating disorder (BED) and in determining group psychotherapy outcomes for women with BED. We hypothesize that higher pre-treatment attachment dimension scores will predict better treatment outcomes for women with BED and will increase at follow-up. METHOD: Women with BED attended 16 sessions of group therapy and completed the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) at pre-treatment...
January 27, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125175/psychological-and-behavioral-treatments-for-binge-eating-disorder
#12
Carlos M Grilo
Several psychological and behavioral treatment options exist for patients who have been diagnosed with binge-eating disorder (BED). Cognitive-behavioral therapy and interpersonal psychotherapy are the most strongly supported interventions for BED, but they do not produce weight loss; behavioral weight loss therapy, a more widely available "generalist" intervention, achieves good outcomes for BED plus produces modest weight loss over the short-term. Relatively little is known about reliable predictors or moderators of treatment outcomes, but research has generally supported 2 significant predictors: (1) the presence of overvaluation of body shape and weight and (2) the occurrence of rapid response to treatment...
2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105501/-diagnostics-and-multimodal-treatment-of-depression-in-old-age-new-developments
#13
Gerhard W Eschweiler
Depressive disorders in elderly persons are frequent and can either first be manifested at a younger age and show a recurrent pattern during later life (ICD 10, F33.*) or have an onset beyond 60 years, which is termed late onset depression (LOD). This LOD has a higher tendency to chronification and implies an increased risk of progression, especially to vascular dementia. The multifactorial genesis of depression in old age includes psychosocial, vascular and metabolic factors and requires multimodal therapy modules at the biological and psychosocial level, which is now increasingly being empirically proven...
February 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102111/applying-relationship-anecdotes-paradigm-interviews-to-study-client-therapist-relationship-narratives-core-conflictual-relationship-theme-analyses
#14
Hadas Wiseman, Orya Tishby
OBJECTIVE: We describe client-therapist relational narratives collected in relationship anecdotes paradigm (RAP) interviews during psychotherapy and the application of the core conflictual relationship theme (CCRT) method. Changes in clients' and therapists' CCRT in relation to each other are examined and associations between their CCRTs and self-reported ruptures and repairs are explored. METHOD: Sixty-seven clients and 27 therapists underwent RAP interviews and completed self-report rupture and repair items at early, middle, and late psychodynamic psychotherapy...
January 19, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078729/achieving-full-scope-of-practice-readiness-using-evidence-for-psychotherapy-teaching-in-web-and-hybrid-approaches-in-psychiatric-mental-health-advanced-practice-nursing-education
#15
Kathleen T McCoy
Radical changes in role, education, and practice have affected how education of advance practice nurses and practice deliverables occur. PURPOSE: This article examines the effects of distance education upon the teaching/learning of psychotherapy in integrating Web-based technology and platforms. DESIGN AND METHODS: With the advent and proliferation of online programs of study, the question begs: How do distance-linked programs successfully introduce, practice, and supervise one-to-one and group psychotherapy training? FINDINGS: By employing evidence-based education strategies, technology, and strong interpersonal skills and evidence-based therapies, a charter Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Doctor of Nursing Practice program paved an innovative and successful path...
January 12, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076671/a-randomized-trial-of-collaborative-care-for-perinatal-depression-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-women-the-impact-of-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#16
Nancy K Grote, Wayne J Katon, Joan E Russo, Mary Jane Lohr, Mary Curran, Erin Galvin, Kathy Carson
OBJECTIVE: The comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with antenatal depression poses increased risks for postpartum depression and may delay or diminish response to evidence-based depression care. In a secondary analysis of an 18-month study of collaborative care for perinatal depression, the authors hypothesized that pregnant, depressed, socioeconomically disadvantaged women with comorbid PTSD would show more improvement in the MOMCare intervention providing Brief Interpersonal Psychotherapy and/or antidepressants, compared to intensive public health Maternity Support Services (MSS-Plus)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064469/change-in-self-esteem-predicts-depressive-symptoms-at-follow-up-after-intensive-multimodal-psychotherapy-for-major-depression
#17
Ulrike Dinger, Johannes C Ehrenthal, Christoph Nikendei, Henning Schauenburg
Reduced self-esteem is a core symptom of depression, but few studies have investigated within-treatment change of self-esteem as a predictor of long-term outcome in depression. This study investigated change in self-esteem during 8 weeks of multimodal, psychodynamically oriented psychotherapy for 40 depressed patients and tested whether it would predict outcome 6 months after termination. Data was drawn from a randomized clinical pilot trial on day-clinic versus inpatient psychotherapy for depression. Findings supported the association between change in self-esteem and follow-up depression severity, even when controlling for within-treatment symptom change...
January 8, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038377/brief-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-depression-during-pregnancy-in-a-low-income-population-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Shannon N Lenze, Mary Anne Potts
BACKGROUND: Depression is common in low-income pregnant women, and treatments need to be fitted to meet their needs. We conducted a randomized controlled trial comparing brief Interpersonal Psychotherapy (brief-IPT) to enhanced treatment as usual (ETAU) for perinatal depression in low-income women. The brief-IPT model is designed to better engage low-income women by utilizing an engagement session, providing flexible delivery of sessions, and pragmatic case management. METHODS: Pregnant women, aged ≥18, between 12 and 30 weeks gestation were recruited from an urban prenatal clinic...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991813/therapist-effects-on-outcome-and-alliance-in-inpatient-psychotherapy-the-contribution-of-patients-symptom-severity
#19
Ulrike Dinger, Johannes Zimmermann, Oliver Masuhr, Carsten Spitzer
Therapists differ in their effectiveness regarding their patients' symptomatic improvement as well as their therapeutic alliances, but little is known about influencing factors. The current study aimed to investigate therapist effects on outcome and alliance in inpatient psychotherapy and to estimate the influence of patient severity on the magnitude of therapist effects in this specific setting. We examined differences between individual psychotherapists in their patients' early alliance and outcome at discharge in a psychotherapy setting of a psychiatric hospital...
December 19, 2016: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982776/training-in-therapy-induction-without-scripts
#20
Stephen R Lankton
Hypnotic induction for the purposes of psychotherapy is more than a collection of techniques. Instead, the induction process should be individualized to each client as Erickson (1958) explained years ago. Training professionals in hypnosis and induction then must avoid reading written scripts and healthcare professionals must understand that attention and personal contact are required in order to successfully participate in improvisational communication and the nuances of interpersonal entrainment of psychotherapy...
January 2017: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
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