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Interpersonal psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922004/behavioral-activation-in-the-treatment-of-metacognitive-dysfunctions-in-inhibited-type-personality-disorders
#1
Keely Gordon-King, Robert D Schweitzer, Giancarlo Dimaggio
Behavioral interventions are proposed as a critical treatment component in psychotherapy for personality disorders. The current study explores behavioral interventions as a mechanism of change in Metacognitive Interpersonal Therapy, an integrative psychotherapy for personality disorders. The goals and implementation of behavioral principles are illustrated through the single case study of Roger, a 57-year-old man diagnosed with avoidant personality disorder and depressive personality disorder. Transcripts of interviews and therapy sessions illustrate the role of behavioral interventions, including behavioral activation, in Roger's treatment...
September 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910493/using-interpersonal-process-recall-to-compare-patients-accounts-of-resistance-in-two-psychotherapies-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#2
Nicholas R Morrison, Michael J Constantino, Henny A Westra, Angela Kertes, Brien J Goodwin, Martin M Antony
In a trial examining whether cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) could be improved by integrating motivational interviewing (MI) to target resistance, MI-CBT outperformed CBT over 12-month follow-up (Westra, Constantino, & Antony, 2016). Given that effectively addressing resistance is both a theoretically and an empirically supported mechanism of MI's additive effect, we explored qualitatively patients' experience of resistance, possibly as a function of treatment. For 5 patients from each treatment who exhibited early in-session change ambivalence, and thus were at risk for later resistance, we conducted interpersonal process recall interviews after a session...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900666/-psychotherapeutic-approaches-for-treatment-of-the-elderly
#3
REVIEW
M Hautzinger, P Dykierek, A Fellgiebel, M Hüll
BACKGROUND: This article focusses on the possibilities, varieties, indications, and benefits of psychotherapy with elderly patients. OBJECTIVE: Which basic principles can be differentiated, what theoretical rationales are helpful for psychotherapy with the elderly and what kind and forms of psychotherapy are available? MATERIAL AND METHODS: Based on relevant references and research, clinically relevant and evidence-based psychotherapies are described, to understand the theoretical rationale, the goals, the procedure and main strategies...
September 12, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890703/observations-on-working-psychoanalytically-with-a-profoundly-amnesic-patient
#4
Paul A Moore, Christian E Salas, Suvi Dockree, Oliver H Turnbull
Individuals with profound amnesia are markedly impaired in explicitly recalling new episodic events, but appear to preserve the capacity to use information from other sources. Amongst these preserved capacities is the ability to form new memories of an emotional nature - a skill at the heart of developing and sustaining interpersonal relationships. The psychoanalytic study of individuals with profound amnesia might contribute to the understanding the importance of each memory system, including effects on key analytic processes such as transference and countertransference...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885089/non-suicidal-self-injury-elevates-suicide-risk-among-united-states-military-personnel-with-lifetime-attempted-suicide
#5
Margaret M Baer, Jessica M LaCroix, Joy C Browne, Helena O Hassen, Kanchana U Perera, Jennifer Weaver, Alyssa Soumoff, Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway
OBJECTIVES: Military psychiatric inpatients with and without a lifetime history of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), combined with a history of at least one suicide attempt, were compared on suicide ideation severity, number of suicide attempts, and Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide variables. METHODS: Data was derived from baseline assessments performed in a psychotherapy randomized controlled trial. Lifetime history of NSSI and lifetime number of suicide attempts were assessed using the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS; Posner et al...
September 8, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873269/do-therapists-subjective-variables-impact-on-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-outcomes-a-systematic-literature-review
#6
Vittorio Lingiardi, Laura Muzi, Annalisa Tanzilli, Nicola Carone
BACKGROUND: Despite growing attention to the general therapist effects in a wide range of clinical settings, little is known about the individual, cross-situational, and therapy-nonspecific variables that impact on the differential effectiveness of clinicians. The current study is a systematic review of the evidence relating to the influence of therapist's subjective characteristics on outcomes of psychodynamic psychotherapies. METHOD: A multistage and systematic search of articles published between 1987 and 2017 identified 30 relevant studies, which were organized into 6 areas according to the specific therapist's variable considered...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866297/the-impact-of-personality-disorder-pathology-on-the-effectiveness-of-cognitive-therapy-and-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-major-depressive-disorder
#7
Suzanne C van Bronswijk, Lotte H J M Lemmens, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, Marcus J H Huibers, Arnoud Arntz, Frenk P M L Peeters
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive research, there is no consensus how Personality Disorders (PD) and PD features affect outcome for Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). The present study evaluated the effects of PD (features) on treatment continuation and effectiveness in Cognitive Therapy (CT) and Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT) for MDD. METHODS: Depressed outpatients were randomized to CT (n=72) and IPT (n=74). Primary outcome was depression severity measured repeatedly with the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) at baseline, three months, at the start of each therapy session, at post-treatment and monthly during five months follow-up...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846646/impact-of-age-and-race-on-outcomes-of-a-program-to-prevent-excess-weight-gain-and-disordered-eating-in-adolescent-girls
#8
Natasha L Burke, Lauren B Shomaker, Sheila Brady, James C Reynolds, Jami F Young, Denise E Wilfley, Tracy Sbrocco, Mark Stephens, Cara H Olsen, Jack A Yanovski, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff
Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) prevents weight gain and reduces loss-of-control (LOC)-eating in adults. However, IPT was not superior to health-education (HE) for preventing excess weight gain and reducing LOC-eating over 1-year in adolescent girls at risk for excess weight gain and eating disorders. Limited data suggest that older and non-White youth may be especially responsive to IPT. In secondary analyses, we examined if age or race moderated weight and LOC-eating outcomes. The 113 participants (12-17 years; 56...
August 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846507/assessing-distance-training-how-well-does-it-produce-psychoanalytic-psychotherapists
#9
Robert M Gordon, Jing Lan
How effective is psychoanalytic/psychodynamic distance training over the Internet? To assess this, we surveyed graduates of the 2-year and 4-year programs of the China America Psychoanalytic Alliance (CAPA). The main results of the 90 graduates' surveys showed that 77% of their work involves a psychoanalytic formulation of their cases as compared to other theoretical orientations. Graduates highly rated the effectiveness of their own psychoanalytic therapy over videoconferencing (VCON). Graduates' ratings of treatment with their patients over VCON positively correlated with years of psychoanalytic education, number of days a week in own treatment, years doing psychoanalytic treatment, and degree working with a psychoanalytic orientation...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841747/-psychotherapy-quo-vadis
#10
Gunther Meinlschmidt, Marion Tegethoff
Background: The science and practice of psychotherapy is continuously developing. The goal of this article is to describe new impulses, guiding current advancements in the field. Methods: This paper provides a selective narrative review, synthesizing and condensing relevant literature identified through various sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and "Web of Science", as well as citation tracking, to elaborate key developments in the field of psychotherapy Results: We describe several dynamics: 1) Following up the so-called "third wave of cognitive behavioral therapy", new interventions arise that have at their core fostering interpersonal virtues, such as compassion, forgiveness, and gratitude; 2) Based on technological quantum leaps, new interventions arise that exploit current developments in the field of new media, information, and communication technologies, as well as brain imaging, such as digital interventions for mental disorders and new forms of neurofeedback; 3) Inspired by the field of positive psychology, there is a revival of the promotion of strength and resilience in therapeutic contexts; 4) In light of the new paradigm "precision medicine", the issue of differential and adaptive indication of psychotherapy, addressed with new methods, regains relevance and drives a new field of "precision psychotherapy"...
August 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818735/prospective-assessment-of-social-network-quality-among-depressed-mothers-treated-with-brief-psychotherapy-the-social-network-quality-snq-scales
#11
Luis E Flores, Jill M Cyranowski, Marlissa Amole, Holly A Swartz
OBJECTIVE: Social relationships play important roles in emotional health, and are common targets of psychotherapeutic interventions. To better evaluate social relationship structure and function in the context of psychotherapy trials, this study introduces and psychometrically evaluates the Social Network Quality (SNQ) scales, which supplement the Social Network Index (SNI). The original SNI evaluates social network structure (i.e., extent of participation in diverse social roles and number of social relationships)...
October 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813321/focusing-on-trauma-focused-psychotherapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#12
REVIEW
Paula P Schnurr
Trauma-focused psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) includes a range of theoretical approaches, but primarily is based on cognitive-behavioral theory. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing is another type of trauma-focused psychotherapy. Although there is some evidence to support present-centered and interpersonal approaches, trauma-focused psychotherapies have the most empirical support and are the most effective for treating PTSD and related problems.
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812271/oxytocin-and-interpersonal-relationships
#13
Alexandra Patin, Dirk Scheele, Rene Hurlemann
The neuropeptide oxytocin (OT) has emerged as a potent modulator of diverse aspects of interpersonal relationships. OT appears to work in close interaction with several other neurotransmitter networks, including the dopaminergic reward circuit, and to be dependent on sex-specific hormonal influences. In this chapter, we focus on four main domains of OT and interpersonal relationships, including (1) the protective effect of OT on an individual's ability to withstand stress (i.e., stress buffering), (2) the effect of OT on emotion recognition and empathy, (3) OT's ability to enhance social synchrony and cooperation among individuals, and (4) the effect of OT on an individual's perception of social touch...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806845/-effectivity-of-inpatient-psychosomatic-treatment-results-of-a-naturalistic-two-year-survey-in-a-psychosomatic-service-at-a-general-hospital
#14
Juan Valdés-Stauber, Alexander Fuchs, Sören Reiner, Susanne Bachthaler
Background Hospital psychosomatic treatment matches care expectations of a modern society. Evidence of its effectiveness through investigation in different settings is of importance because of prominent role of psychotherapy in German Healthcare System. Objective First, to explore whether clinical as well as personal resources could improve significantly due to a hospital psychosomatic treatment. Second, to assess possible associations between outcome variables and other variables from the multidimensional profile of the sample...
August 14, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793983/how-do-ehealth-programs-for-adolescents-with-depression-work-a-realist-review-of-persuasive-system-design-components-in-internet-based-psychological-therapies
#15
Lori Wozney, Anna Huguet, Kathryn Bennett, Ashley D Radomski, Lisa Hartling, Michele Dyson, Patrick J McGrath, Amanda S Newton
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorders are common among adolescents and can impact all aspects of their daily life. Traditional therapies, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) have been delivered face-to-face. However, Internet-based (online) delivery of these therapies is emerging as an option for adolescents. Internet-based CBT and IPT involve therapeutic content, interaction between the user and the system, and different technological features embedded into the online program (eg, multimedia)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769597/prediction-of-employer-employee-relationships-from-sociodemographic-variables-and-social-values-in-brunei-public-and-private-sector-workers
#16
Lawrence Mundia, Salwa Mahalle, Rohani Matzin, Gamal Abdul Nasir Zakaria, Nor Zaiham Midawati Abdullah, Siti Norhedayah Abdul Latif
The purpose of the study was to identify the sociodemographic variables and social value correlates and predictors of employer-employee relationship problems in a random sample of 860 Brunei public and private sector workers of both genders. A quantitative field survey design was used and data were analyzed by correlation and logistic regression. The rationale and justification for using this approach is explained. The main sociodemographic correlates and predictors of employer-employee relationship problems in this study were educational level and the district in which the employee resided and worked...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767013/narcissistic-personality-disorder-in-clinical-health-psychology-practice-case-studies-of-comorbid-psychological-distress-and-life-limiting-illness
#17
Elizabeth L Kacel, Nicole Ennis, Deidre B Pereira
Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is characterized by a persistent pattern of grandiosity, fantasies of unlimited power or importance, and the need for admiration or special treatment. Individuals with NPD may experience significant psychological distress related to interpersonal conflict and functional impairment. Research suggests core features of the disorder are associated with poor prognosis in therapy, including slow progress to behavioral change, premature patient-initiated termination, and negative therapeutic alliance...
July 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752904/social-rank-and-rejection-sensitivity-as-mediators-of-the-relationship-between-insecure-attachment-and-disordered-eating
#18
Tara De Paoli, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Emma Halliwell, Francis Puccio, Isabel Krug
AIM: The current study assessed a new interpersonal model for eating disorders (EDs), in which interpersonal rejection sensitivity (RS), appearance-based RS and social rank were hypothesised to mediate the relationship between insecure attachment and disordered eating. METHOD: The sample comprised a clinical ED group (N = 122) and a control group (N = 622). Participants were asked to complete a number of self-report measures related to the variables of interest...
July 28, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743198/do-acute-benefits-of-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-endure
#19
John C Markowitz, Tse-Hwei Choo, Yuval Neria
OBJECTIVE: The Psychotherapies for Chronic PTSD randomised trial found that three 14-week psychotherapies acutely benefitted patients with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Previous research has reported sustained follow-up benefits for prolonged exposure (PE) and relaxation therapy (RT), but few comparable data exist for interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT). We describe 3-month follow-up for acute responders to all 3 treatments. METHOD: Acute responders, defined a priori as ≥30% improved from baseline, were reevaluated after 3-month no-treatment follow-up by independent evaluators using the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS)...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725087/psychosynthesis-a-foundational-bridge-between-psychology-and-spirituality
#20
Catherine Ann Lombard
Pastoral psychologists have long tried to establish a working model that encompasses the seemingly conflicting disciplines of science and religion. Psychosynthesis, a transpersonal psychology and therapeutic approach, offers such a model of the human personality, in which the psychological and spiritual perspectives can converge. This article explores psychosynthesis psychology and therapy as a theoretical framework for pastoral psychology. Although psychosynthesis psychotherapy relies on an array of techniques, it fundamentally works with the clients' will while emphasizing, exploring, and cultivating their relationships on all levels-intrapersonal, interpersonal, and with the Higher Self...
2017: Pastoral Psychology
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